Summary: A family of gram-positive non-sporing bacteria including many parasitic, pathogenic, and saprophytic forms.

Top Publications

  1. Sato S, Kanamoto T, Inoue M. Abiotrophia elegans strains comprise 8% of the nutritionally variant streptococci isolated from the human mouth. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:2553-6 pubmed
    ..elegans can be genetically distinguished from the other two Abiotrophia species by PCR-RFLP analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences and can be biochemically distinguished by ADH activity...
  2. Christensen J, Facklam R. Granulicatella and Abiotrophia species from human clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2001;39:3520-3 pubmed
    ..From the reports submitted with the specimens, the clinical diagnosis was endocarditis in 58% of patients and septicemia or bacteremia in 26% of patients...
  3. Rosenthal O, Woywodt A, Kirschner P, Haller H. Vertebral osteomyelitis and endocarditis of a pacemaker lead due to Granulicatella (Abiotrophia) adiacens. Infection. 2002;30:317-9 pubmed
    ..adiacens was made and the patient improved with bed rest and medical treatment alone. Granulicatella ssp. should always be part of the differential diagnosis of fastidious bacteria in vertebral osteomyelitis and endocarditis...
  4. Gavin P, Warren J, Obias A, Collins S, Peterson L. Evaluation of the Vitek 2 system for rapid identification of clinical isolates of gram-negative bacilli and members of the family Streptococcaceae. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002;21:869-74 pubmed
  5. Carr F, Chill D, Maida N. The lactic acid bacteria: a literature survey. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2002;28:281-370 pubmed
    ..Trends are presented, such as the use of nisin to extend food shelf-life and the current research premise that Probiotic strains may alter the intestinal flora and thus prevent intestinal wall penetration by pathogens...
  6. Zheng X, Freeman A, Villafranca J, Shortridge D, Beyer J, Kabat W, et al. Antimicrobial susceptibilities of invasive pediatric Abiotrophia and Granulicatella isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:4323-6 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that the prevalence of beta-lactam and macrolide resistance is high and that both erm and mef are found in these isolates...
  7. Wilhelm N, Sire S, Le Coustumier A, Loubinoux J, Beljerd M, Bouvet A. First case of multiple discitis and sacroiliitis due to Abiotrophia defectiva. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005;24:76-8 pubmed
  8. Kanamoto T, Sato S, Inoue M. Genetic heterogeneities and phenotypic characteristics of strains of the genus Abiotrophia and proposal of Abiotrophia para-adiacens sp. nov. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38:492-8 pubmed
    ..A. Lawson et al., Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 49:503-506, 1999). Strain ATCC 27527, currently listed as G. morbillorum, was a member of the species A. para-adiacens...
  9. Collins M, Lawson P. The genus Abiotrophia (Kawamura et al.) is not monophyletic: proposal of Granulicatella gen. nov., Granulicatella adiacens comb. nov., Granulicatella elegans comb. nov. and Granulicatella balaenopterae comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2000;50 Pt 1:365-9 pubmed
    ..defectiva and that A. adiacens, A. balaenopterae and A. elegans should be reclassified in a new genus, Granulicatella, as Granulicatella adiacens comb. nov., Granulicatella balaenopterae comb. nov. and Granulicatella elegans comb. nov...

More Information

Publications155 found, 100 shown here

  1. Murray C, Walter E, Crawford S, McElmeel M, Jorgensen J. Abiotrophia bacteremia in a patient with neutropenic fever and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Abiotrophia isolates. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32:E140-2 pubmed
    ..We provide susceptibility data on 20 additional bloodstream isolates of Abiotrophia species...
  2. Riede U, Graber P, Ochsner P. Granulicatella (Abiotrophia) adiacens infection associated with a total knee arthroplasty. Scand J Infect Dis. 2004;36:761-4 pubmed
    ..Diagnosis was made by broad spectrum PCR, and later by culture. Diagnosis and treatment of this microorganism is difficult. Two y after revision and antibiotic treatment, infection was under control but not cured...
  3. Pons N, Batto J, Ehrlich S, Renault P. Development of software facilities to characterize regulatory binding motifs and application to streptococcaceae. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;14:67-73 pubmed
    ..A set of complementary utilities was also developed to improve the determination of motif consensus sequences and the detection of additional potential regulator targets in the genome...
  4. Meyer M, Roth A, Chervin S, Garcia G, Breaker R. Confirmation of a second natural preQ1 aptamer class in Streptococcaceae bacteria. RNA. 2008;14:685-95 pubmed publisher
    ..One of these motifs is found exclusively in the family Streptococcaceae within the 5' untranslated regions (UTRs) of genes encoding the hypothetical membrane protein classified as ..
  5. Brugger S, Frei L, Frey P, Aebi S, Mühlemann K, Hilty M. 16S rRNA terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism for the characterization of the nasopharyngeal microbiota. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e52241 pubmed publisher
    ..In case a lot of nasopharyngeal samples have to be characterized, it is suggested to first perform 16S rRNA T-RFLP and only use next generation sequencing if the T-RFLP nasopharyngeal patterns differ or show unknown TFs...
  6. Streitenberger S, López Mas J, Sanchez Ferrer A, Garcia Carmona F. Non-linear slow-binding inhibition of Aerococcus viridans lactate oxidase by Cibacron Blue 3GA. J Enzyme Inhib. 2001;16:301-12 pubmed
    ..A model to explain this phenomenon was proposed. The model implies the binding of Cibacron Blue 3GA to the isomerised form of the initial enzyme-inhibition complex (E'I). ..
  7. du Plessis H, Steger C, du Toit M, Lambrechts M. The occurrence of malolactic fermentation in brandy base wine and its influence on brandy quality. J Appl Microbiol. 2002;92:1005-13 pubmed
    ..This study showed that MLF influences the quality of the base wine and the resulting distillate and with this in mind commercial base wine producers should be able to produce brandy of higher quality. ..
  8. Makarova K, Slesarev A, Wolf Y, Sorokin A, Mirkin B, Koonin E, et al. Comparative genomics of the lactic acid bacteria. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:15611-6 pubmed
  9. Ince A, Tiemer B, Gille J, Boos C, Russlies M. Total knee arthroplasty infection due to Abiotrophia defectiva. J Med Microbiol. 2002;51:899-902 pubmed
    ..The microbiology of this bacterium is discussed and clinical features of previously reported cases of infections by NVS are reviewed briefly. ..
  10. Lütticken R, Kunstmann G. Vancomycin-resistant Streptococcaceae from clinical material. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1988;267:379-82 pubmed
    Three strains of vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive cocci, belonging to the family Streptococcaceae, were isolated from patient samples. Two were identified as Leuconostoc species, the other one as Enterococcus (Streptococcus) faecium...
  11. Davidson B, Kordias N, Dobos M, Hillier A. Genomic organization of lactic acid bacteria. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1996;70:161-83 pubmed
    ..With the availability of this new technology, research into the genome of the lactic acid bacteria is poised to undertake a period of extremely rapid information accrual...
  12. Slany M, Freiberger T, Pavlik P, Cerny J. Culture-negative infective endocarditis caused by Aerococcus urinae. J Heart Valve Dis. 2007;16:203-5 pubmed
    ..The causative agent was identified from the excised valve by bacterial broad-range PCR and direct sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. ..
  13. Kenzaka T, Kataoka K, Fujimitsu T, Tani K. [Intestinal Microbiota in Migrating Barn Swallows around Osaka]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 2018;138:117-122 pubmed publisher
    ..was dominated by families, such as Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Mycoplasmataceae, Enterococcaceae, Streptococcaceae, and Alcaligenaceae...
  14. Ercolini D, Moschetti G, Blaiotta G, Coppola S. Behavior of variable V3 region from 16S rDNA of lactic acid bacteria in denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Curr Microbiol. 2001;42:199-202 pubmed
    ..The results are discussed with reference to their potential in the analysis of LAB communities in food, besides shedding light on taxonomic aspects. ..
  15. Lemas D, Young B, Baker P, Tomczik A, Soderborg T, Hernandez T, et al. Alterations in human milk leptin and insulin are associated with early changes in the infant intestinal microbiome. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;103:1291-300 pubmed publisher
    ..g., Enterobacteriaceae; P = 0.04) and was negatively associated with Lactobacillales (e.g., Streptococcaceae; P = 0.05)...
  16. Streitenberger S, López Mas J, Sanchez Ferrer A, Garcia Carmona F. Highly efficient Aerococcus viridans L-alpha-glycerophosphate oxidase production in the presence of H2O2-decomposing agent: purification and kinetic characterization. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001;57:329-33 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, methylglyoxal, a metabolite that is formed enzymatically from triose phosphates, was found to be an inactivator of glycerophosphate oxidase activity. ..
  17. Huang Y, Liao C, Teng L, Hsueh P. Comparative bactericidal activities of daptomycin, glycopeptides, linezolid and tigecycline against blood isolates of Gram-positive bacteria in Taiwan. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2008;14:124-9 pubmed
    ..Tolerance towards tigecycline was exhibited by 40% of the MRSA isolates, 100% of the MSSA and vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis isolates, and 90% of the vancomycin-resistant E. faecium isolates. ..
  18. Nasoodi A, Ali A, Gray W, Hedderwick S. Spondylodiscitis due to Aerococcus viridans. J Med Microbiol. 2008;57:532-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We report what we believe to be the first case of spondylodiscitis caused by A. viridans, in a patient with decompensated liver failure, and discuss the possible pathogenesis of this rather uncommon pathogen in this case. ..
  19. Devriese L, Hommez J, Laevens H, Pot B, Vandamme P, Haesebrouck F. Identification of aesculin-hydrolyzing streptococci, lactococci, aerococci and enterococci from subclinical intramammary infections in dairy cows. Vet Microbiol. 1999;70:87-94 pubmed
    ..Other species of some importance included (in descending order of isolation frequency) Aerococcus viridans, Streptococcus pluranimalium, Lactococcus garvieae, Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus gallolyticus. ..
  20. Richer E, Courville P, Bergevin I, Cellier M. Horizontal gene transfer of "prototype" Nramp in bacteria. J Mol Evol. 2003;57:363-76 pubmed publisher
    ..its sequence most conserved with Gram positive bacteria homologs; (ii) all the Cbeta genes identified in oral streptococcaceae are associated with different potentially mobile DNA elements; (iii) Lactococcus lactis and Burkholderia ..
  21. Flórez A, Delgado S, Mayo B. Antimicrobial susceptibility of lactic acid bacteria isolated from a cheese environment. Can J Microbiol. 2005;51:51-8 pubmed
    ..and Lactobacillus spp. were resistant to antibiotics, such as chloramphenicol, erythromycin, clindamycin, or tetracycline. ..
  22. Murakami H, Shimomura Y, Matsumoto M, Lane G, Yamataka A, Okawada M. Intestinal microbiota in neonates requiring urgent surgery: assessing the role of probiotics using fecal DNA sequencing. Pediatr Surg Int. 2016;32:37-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinical data were similar for LKM+ and LKM-. Enterobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Staphylococcaceae and Bifidobacteriaceae were identified in the descending order of abundance in CS stool...
  23. Takahashi Y, Saito A, Chiba H, Kuronuma K, Ikeda K, Kobayashi T, et al. Impaired diversity of the lung microbiome predicts progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Respir Res. 2018;19:34 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, the diversity and relative abundance of Firmicutes, Streptococcaceae, and Veillonellaceae were significantly associated with FVC, 6-min walk distance, and serum surfactant ..
  24. Colakoglu S, Turunc T, Taskoparan M, Aliskan H, Kizilkilic E, Demiroglu Y, et al. Three cases of serious infection caused by Aerococcus urinae: a patient with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and two patients with bacteremia. Infection. 2008;36:288-90 pubmed publisher
  25. Chen Z, Trivedi H, Chhun N, Barnes V, Saxena D, Xu T, et al. Using DGGE and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis to evaluate changes in oral bacterial composition. Chin J Dent Res. 2011;14:95-103 pubmed
    ..Importantly, an increase in bacterial diversity was observed after 24 h, including members of the Streptococcaceae family, Prevotella, Corynebacterium, TM7 and other commensal bacteria...
  26. Torrent A, Déniz S, Ruiz A, Calabuig P, Sicilia J, Orós J. Esophageal diverticulum associated with Aerococcus viridans infection in a loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta). J Wildl Dis. 2002;38:221-3 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of an esophageal diverticulum in a sea turtle. Although A. viridans is a known pathogen of lobsters and fishes, there are no reports of A. viridans infection in sea turtles...
  27. Camu N, De Winter T, Verbrugghe K, Cleenwerck I, Vandamme P, Takrama J, et al. Dynamics and biodiversity of populations of lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria involved in spontaneous heap fermentation of cocoa beans in Ghana. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:1809-24 pubmed
    ..Two new species of Acetobacter were found as well, namely, the species tentatively named "Acetobacter senegalensis" (A. tropicalis-like) and "Acetobacter ghanaensis" (A. syzygii-like)...
  28. Liu M, Prakash C, Nauta A, Siezen R, Francke C. Computational analysis of cysteine and methionine metabolism and its regulation in dairy starter and related bacteria. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:3522-33 pubmed publisher
    ..between the families Lactobacillaceae, Enterococcaceae, and Leuconostocaceae, on the one hand, and the family Streptococcaceae, on the other...
  29. Garzoni C, Brugger S, Qi W, Wasmer S, Cusini A, Dumont P, et al. Microbial communities in the respiratory tract of patients with interstitial lung disease. Thorax. 2013;68:1150-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The microbiota in lower airways of the majority of patients (30; 90%) primarily consisted of Prevotellaceae, Streptococcaceae and Acidaminococcaceae...
  30. Mauriello G, Moio L, Moschetti G, Piombino P, Addeo F, Coppola S. Characterization of lactic acid bacteria strains on the basis of neutral volatile compounds produced in whey. J Appl Microbiol. 2001;90:928-42 pubmed
    ..The potential of the findings is discussed with reference to the development of flavouring adjuncts for the dairy industry. ..
  31. Takayama R, Motoyasu M, Seko T, Kuroda K, Yamanaka T, Obe T, et al. A case of isolated tricuspid valve infective endocarditis caused by Abiotrophia defectiva. Int J Cardiol. 2007;118:e3-5 pubmed
    ..Surgical resection of the vegetation was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and he is doing well at the time of follow-up. ..
  32. Murray T, Muldrew K, Finkelstein R, Hampton L, Edberg S, Cappello M. Acute pyelonephritis caused by Aerococcus urinae in a 12-year-old boy. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008;27:760-2 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of pyelonephritis caused by A. urinae in a 12-year-old boy with a history of pyeloplasty and GU reflux. ..
  33. Reynolds P, Somner E. Comparison of the target sites and mechanisms of action of glycopeptide and lipoglycodepsipeptide antibiotics. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1990;16:385-9 pubmed
    ..It therefore has a different mechanism of action as well as a different site, compared with the glycopeptides. ..
  34. Streitenberger S, López Mas J, Sanchez Ferrer A, Garcia Carmona F. Use of dye affinity chromatography for the purification of Aerococcus viridans lactate oxidase. Biotechnol Prog. 2002;18:657-9 pubmed
    ..To differing degrees, all the triazine dyes tested were inhibitors of lactate oxidase, solutions of free triazine dyes showing an inhibition mechanism which was both time- and pH-dependent. ..
  35. Chen Y, Yanagida F, Hsu J. Isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacteria from dochi (fermented black beans), a traditional fermented food in Taiwan. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2006;43:229-35 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that Ent. faecium is the main LAB present during the fermentation of dochi. This is the first report describing the distribution and varieties of LAB that exist in the dochi fermentation process. ..
  36. Juan E, Hoque M, Hossain M, Yamamoto T, Imamura S, Suzuki K, et al. The structures of pyruvate oxidase from Aerococcus viridans with cofactors and with a reaction intermediate reveal the flexibility of the active-site tunnel for catalysis. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2007;63:900-7 pubmed
    ..The structures also provide insight into the routes for electron transfer to FAD and the involvement of active-site residues in the catalysis of pyruvate to its products. ..
  37. Ober R, Thissen J, Jaing C, Cino Ozuna A, Rowland R, Niederwerder M. Increased microbiome diversity at the time of infection is associated with improved growth rates of pigs after co-infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). Vet Microbiol. 2017;208:203-211 pubmed publisher
    ..rate pigs included reduced Methanobacteriaceae species, increased Ruminococcaceae species, and increased Streptococcaceae species when compared to low growth rate pigs...
  38. Collins M, Falsen E, Foster G, Monasterio L, Dominguez L, Fernandez Garazabal J. Helcococcus ovis sp. nov., a gram-positive organism from sheep. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1999;49 Pt 4:1429-32 pubmed
    ..Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as Helcococcus ovis sp. nov. The type strain of Helcococcus ovis is CCUG 37441T. ..
  39. Lawson P, Falsen E, Ohlén M, Collins M. Aerococcus urinaehominis sp. nov., isolated from human urine. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:683-6 pubmed
    ..Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium from urine be classified as Aerococcus urinaehominis sp. nov. The type strain of Aerococcus urinaehominis is CCUG 42038bT (= CIP 106675T). ..
  40. Parente E, Grieco S, Crudele M. Phenotypic diversity of lactic acid bacteria isolated from fermented sausages produced in Basilicata (Southern Italy). J Appl Microbiol. 2001;90:943-52 pubmed
    ..SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OT THE STUDY: A new procedure based on bootstrapping and Multidimensional Scaling was successfully used to obtain a graphical representation of the evolution of the LAB populations. ..
  41. Rahman M, Sultana M, Khan S, Birkeland N. Serological cross-reactivity of environmental isolates of Enterobacter, Escherichia, Stenotrophomonas, and Aerococcus with Shigella spp.-specific antisera. Curr Microbiol. 2007;54:63-7 pubmed
    ..surface antigens are shared by a number of environmental bacteria, which have implications for the use of serological methods in attempts for the detection and recovery of Shigella from aquatic environments...
  42. Ravcheev D, Best A, Sernova N, Kazanov M, Novichkov P, Rodionov D. Genomic reconstruction of transcriptional regulatory networks in lactic acid bacteria. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:94 pubmed publisher
    ..Numerous differences between regulatory networks of the Streptococcaceae and Lactobacillaceae groups were described on several levels...
  43. Khan K, Fujishita A, Masumoto H, Muto H, Kitajima M, Masuzaki H, et al. Molecular detection of intrauterine microbial colonization in women with endometriosis. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016;199:69-75 pubmed publisher
    ..01) and of Streptococcaceae, Staphylococaceae, Enterobacteriaceae was significantly increased (p<0...
  44. Grude N, Jenkins A, Tveten Y, Kristiansen B. Identification of Aerococcus urinae in urine samples. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2003;9:976-9 pubmed
    ..For urinary isolates, standard procedures for identification of A. urinae are redundant and insufficiently discriminatory, and may need revision. BBL-Crystal-GP is an accurate alternative. ..
  45. Nord C, Peterson J, Ambruzs M, Fisher A. Levofloxacin versus azithromycin on the oropharyngeal carriage and selection of antibacterial- resistant streptococci in the microflora of healthy adults. Curr Med Res Opin. 2009;25:1461-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Both antibacterial agents were well tolerated. Levofloxacin 750 mg administered for 5 days was associated with less microbial resistance than that observed with azithromycin in healthy subjects. ..
  46. Muhammad A, Fang Y, Hou Y, Shi Z. The Gut Entomotype of Red Palm Weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae) and Their Effect on Host Nutrition Metabolism. Front Microbiol. 2017;8:2291 pubmed publisher bacteria in the families Enterobacteriaceae, Lactobacillaceae, Entomoplasmataceae, and Streptococcaceae...
  47. Rodionov D, Vitreschak A, Mironov A, Gelfand M. Comparative genomics of the methionine metabolism in Gram-positive bacteria: a variety of regulatory systems. Nucleic Acids Res. 2004;32:3340-53 pubmed
    ..candidate binding signal (MET-box) for a hypothetical methionine regulator, possibly MtaR, was identified in Streptococcaceae, the only family in the Bacillus/Clostridium group of Gram-positive bacteria having neither S-boxes, nor ..
  48. Singh A, Ramesh A. Evaluation of a facile method of template DNA preparation for PCR-based detection and typing of lactic acid bacteria. Food Microbiol. 2009;26:504-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Food. Microbiol. 25, 278-287] generated differentiating fingerprints in BOX element based rep-PCR and formed clusters with reference LAB strains. ..
  49. Nakel M, Ghuysen J, Kandler O. Wall peptidoglycan in Aerococcus viridans strains 201 Evans and ATCC 11563 and in Gaffkya homari strain ATCC 10400. Biochemistry. 1971;10:2170-5 pubmed
  50. Guedon G, Bourgoin F, Pebay M, Roussel Y, Colmin C, Simonet J, et al. Characterization and distribution of two insertion sequences, IS1191 and iso-IS981, in Streptococcus thermophilus: does intergeneric transfer of insertion sequences occur in lactic acid bacteria co-cultures?. Mol Microbiol. 1995;16:69-78 pubmed
    ..The distribution of these insertion sequences in L. lactis and S. thermophilus strains suggests that intergeneric transfers occur during cocultures used in the manufacture of cheese. ..
  51. Arias C, Cabello A, Brix H, Johansen N. Removal of indicator bacteria from municipal wastewater in an experimental two-stage vertical flow constructed wetland system. Water Sci Technol. 2003;48:35-41 pubmed
    ..1 m/d for faecal streptococci. The rate constants depended on loading rates. It is suggested that filtration is a major removal mechanism for bacterial indicator organisms in vertical flow constructed wetland systems. ..
  52. Astudillo L, Sailler L, Porte L, Lefevre J, Massip P, Arlet Suau E. Spondylodiscitis due to Aerococcus urinae: a first report. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003;35:890-1 pubmed
    ..We report the first case of Aerococcus urinae spondylodiscitis. The patient responded to 4 weeks of amoxicillin and clindamycin, and to 5 months of amoxicillin alone. ..
  53. Monedero V, Revilla Guarinos A, Zúñiga M. Physiological Role of Two-Component Signal Transduction Systems in Food-Associated Lactic Acid Bacteria. Adv Appl Microbiol. 2017;99:1-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Whereas the role of TCSs in pathogenic LAB (most of them belonging to the family Streptococcaceae) has focused the attention, the roles of TCSs in commensal LAB, such as most species of Lactobacillaceae and ..
  54. Fluit A, Schmitz F, Verhoef J. Multi-resistance to antimicrobial agents for the ten most frequently isolated bacterial pathogens. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2001;18:147-60 pubmed
    ..influenzae and M. catarrhalis. Cross- and multi-resistance are important problems for Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria but not for fastidious bacteria with the exception of penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae. ..
  55. Sierra Hoffman M, Watkins K, Jinadatha C, Fader R, Carpenter J. Clinical significance of Aerococcus urinae: a retrospective review. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005;53:289-92 pubmed
    ..01). No direct complications or invasive disease was recognized in either group regardless of whether patients were treated with antibiotics. Apparently, A. urinae is a relatively avirulent organism when cultured from urine. ..
  56. Briancesco R. [Microbial indicators and fresh water quality assessment]. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2005;41:353-8 pubmed
    ..Several current laws require the detection of enterococci. The resistance of Clostridium perfringens spores may mean that they would serve as a useful indicator of the sanitary quality of sea sediments. ..
  57. Yanagida F, Chen Y, Yasaki M. Isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacteria from lakes. J Basic Microbiol. 2007;47:184-90 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis was also the most abundant lactic acid bacteria found throughout the year. Seasonal differences, numbers of isolates and the species of lactic acid bacteria were also recorded in this study. ..
  58. Facklam R, Lovgren M, Shewmaker P, Tyrrell G. Phenotypic description and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Aerococcus sanguinicola isolates from human clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41:2587-92 pubmed
    ..High-level resistance was detected for meropenem (2 strains) and trimethoprim-sulfamethonazole (1 strain). Intermediate resistance was detected for trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (10 strains) and clindamycin (3 strains). ..
  59. Serefhanoglu K, Turan H, Dogan R, Gullu H, Arslan H. A case of Aerococcus urinae septicemia: an unusual presentation and severe disease course. Chin Med J (Engl). 2005;118:1318-20 pubmed
  60. Motato K, Milani C, Ventura M, Valencia F, Ruas Madiedo P, Delgado S. Bacterial diversity of the Colombian fermented milk "Suero Costeño" assessed by culturing and high-throughput sequencing and DGGE analysis of 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Food Microbiol. 2017;68:129-136 pubmed publisher
    ..The bacterial ecosystem of SC samples was revealed to be composed of lactic acid bacteria belonging to the Streptococcaceae and Lactobacillaceae families; the proportions and genera varying among manufacturers and region of ..
  61. Hauton C, Brockton V, Smith V. Cloning of a crustin-like, single whey-acidic-domain, antibacterial peptide from the haemocytes of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus, and its response to infection with bacteria. Mol Immunol. 2006;43:1490-6 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of this new peptide shows that it is most related to other antimicrobial crustin peptides and that the crustins are only distantly related to the antibacterial SWD peptides recently described. ..
  62. Tung S, Teng L, Vaneechoutte M, Chen H, Chang T. Identification of species of Abiotrophia, Enterococcus, Granulicatella and Streptococcus by sequence analysis of the ribosomal 16S-23S intergenic spacer region. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:504-13 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, ITS sequencing provides a useful approach towards identifying this group of pathogens on a molecular platform alongside 16S rRNA gene sequencing. ..
  63. Scarpa M, Grillo A, Faggian D, Ruffolo C, Bonello E, D Incà R, et al. Relationship between mucosa-associated microbiota and inflammatory parameters in the ileal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis. Surgery. 2011;150:56-67 pubmed publisher
    ..counts were less than in healthy patients. Enterobacteriaceae spp., Streptococcaceae spp. and Enterococcaceae spp. counts correlated inversely with immune cell infiltration...
  64. Oliveira L, Madureira P, Andrade E, Bouaboud A, Morello E, Ferreira P, et al. Group B streptococcus GAPDH is released upon cell lysis, associates with bacterial surface, and induces apoptosis in murine macrophages. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29963 pubmed publisher
    ..We also found that following GBS lysis, GAPDH can associate to the surface of many living bacteria. Finally, we provide evidence for a novel function of the secreted GAPDH as an inducer of apoptosis of murine macrophages. ..
  65. Alhousseini A, Layne M, Gonik B, Bryant D, Patwardhan S, Patwardhan M. Successful Continuation of Pregnancy After Treatment of Group A Streptococci Sepsis. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;129:907-910 pubmed publisher
    ..Early and aggressive treatment of invasive group A streptococci infection during pregnancy can potentially avoid severe maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality with a successful continuation of pregnancy. ..
  66. Dagnaes Hansen F, Kilian M, Fuursted K. Septicaemia associated with an Aerococcus viridans infection in immunodeficient mice. Lab Anim. 2004;38:321-5 pubmed
    ..viridans. This is the first report of a spontaneous outbreak of septicaemia caused by A. viridans infection in immunodeficient laboratory mice and we conclude that A. viridans should be considered as a pathogen in immunodeficient mice. ..
  67. Abildstrøm S, Søgaard P, Bruun N. [Development of pseudoaneurysms in endocarditis despite clinically well-controlled infection. The value of routine transesophageal echocardiography]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2008;170:2803 pubmed
    ..Therefore, TEE should be considered as a routine procedure in IE before antibiotic treatment is stopped, irrespective of the patient's course. ..
  68. Glatz M, Degen D, French L, Aberer W, Mullegger R. Erysipelas of the thigh and the gluteal region: retrospective multicenter analysis of a very rare entity in 39 patients. Dermatology. 2012;225:277-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Erysipelas of the thigh and the gluteal region are rarely described and not well characterized. Therefore we aim to describe the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and risk factors of these erysipelas types...
  69. Krarup A, Thiel S, Hansen A, Fujita T, Jensenius J. L-ficolin is a pattern recognition molecule specific for acetyl groups. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:47513-9 pubmed
    ..The column was loaded in the presence of EDTA and high salt, and L-ficolin was eluted by decreasing the salt concentration. Further purification was achieved by ion exchange chromatography. ..
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    ..Candida albicans was present in used toothbrushes. No obligate anaerobes were isolated. Members of Streptococcaceae family were regularly found (65.2%) belonging to the following species: Streptococcus pyogenes, S. mutans, S...
  71. Valerio F, Favilla M, De Bellis P, Sisto A, de Candia S, Lavermicocca P. Antifungal activity of strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from a semolina ecosystem against Penicillium roqueforti, Aspergillus niger and Endomyces fibuliger contaminating bakery products. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2009;32:438-48 pubmed publisher
    ..The fermentation products of these three strains were characterized by low pH values, and a high content of lactic and acetic acids. ..
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    ..As proven in vitro, essential oils represent a cheap and effective antiseptic topical treatment option even for antibiotic-resistant strains as MRSA and antimycotic-resistant Candida species. ..
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    ..These observations indicate that PSA is a useful adsorbent to TMG and can be used to develop appropriate methods for tracing the functions of TMG. ..
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    ..urealyticum should be raised to > or =10(4) CFU ml(-1) and (iv) a positive semen culture should be repeated before any treatment. ..
  76. Hummel A, Hertel C, Holzapfel W, Franz C. Antibiotic resistances of starter and probiotic strains of lactic acid bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:730-9 pubmed
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    ..Although probiotic-supplemented feedings improve growth velocity in ELBW infants, there was no improvement in the percentage of infants with growth delay at 34 weeks PMA. There were no probiotic-related adverse events reported. ..
  78. Van der Auwera P, Pensart N, Korten V, Murray B, Leclercq R. Influence of oral glycopeptides on the fecal flora of human volunteers: selection of highly glycopeptide-resistant enterococci. J Infect Dis. 1996;173:1129-36 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that vanA and Tn1546-like elements were common in Belgium as early as 1989 and that community-based individuals in that location likely form a major reservoir for glycopeptide-resistant enterococci. ..
  79. Hyeong Park J, Kim Y, Kim M, Kim J. Superior vena cava syndrome caused by Aerococcus viridans para-aortic abscess after heart transplantation. Transplantation. 2002;74:1475-6 pubmed
    ..There are reports of this organism being the cause of endocarditis, but no reports of it as the cause of a para-aortic abscess. This is a first report of A. viridans infection in organ transplant patients. ..
  80. Chiu C, Ching Y, Li Y, Liu J, Huang Y, Huang Y, et al. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Is Exacerbated in High-Fat Diet-Fed Gnotobiotic Mice by Colonization with the Gut Microbiota from Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis. Nutrients. 2017;9: pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the relative abundance of Streptococcaceae was the highest in group NASH-HFD...
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    ..1 M EDTA or by lyophilization in the presence of dextrin. These conditions allow the prolongation of the low stability of microbial GPO which limited its use, and give the opportunity to increase the stability of other enzymes ..
  82. Molska I, Nowosielska R, Frelik I. [Changes in microbiological quality of kefir and yoghurt on the Warsaw market in the years 1995-2001]. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2003;54:145-52 pubmed
    ..cereus, moulds and yoghurt--also from yeasts. About 48% of kefir samples didn't fulfilled the requirements of FAO/WHO requirements concerning the number of yeasts. ..
  83. Aslan Yilmaz A, Okuş E, Ovez S. Bacteriological indicators of anthropogenic impact prior to and during the recovery of water quality in an extremely polluted estuary, Golden Horn, Turkey. Mar Pollut Bull. 2004;49:951-8 pubmed
    ..Striking changes were observed within five years, promising that even an anoxic water body can turn into a recreational area with appropriate treatment. ..
  84. Rossetti L, Giraffa G. Rapid identification of dairy lactic acid bacteria by M13-generated, RAPD-PCR fingerprint databases. J Microbiol Methods. 2005;63:135-44 pubmed
    ..The same approach could also be applied to identify LAB strains isolated from other food ecosystems. ..
  85. Wee H, Wang C, Li C, Kuo J. Brain abscess associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy and hemorrhage. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2011;20:125-8 pubmed
    ..This case reminds us early recognition of brain abscess formation at the site of intracerebral hemorrhage is very important for prompt and appropriate treatment to improve the overall prognosis. ..
  86. Streitenberger S, Villaverde M, Sanchez Ferrer A, Garcia Carmona F. Microencapsulation of Aerococcus viridans with catalase and its application for the synthesis of dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002;58:73-6 pubmed
    ..Liquid chromatography of the product revealed that the product peak corresponded to that of the dihydroxyacetone phosphate internal standard. This indicated a high degree of product purity. ..
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    ..urinae double valve endocarditis. Following aortic and mitral valve replacement, the patient suffered from refractory cardiogenic shock; extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used successfully as a rescue mechanical support. ..
  90. Moussaoui W, Jaulhac B, Hoffmann A, Ludes B, Kostrzewa M, Riegel P, et al. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry identifies 90% of bacteria directly from blood culture vials. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010;16:1631-8 pubmed publisher
  91. Malik A, Ahmad M. Seasonal variation in bacterial flora of the wastewater and soil in the vicinity of industrial area. Environ Monit Assess. 2002;73:263-73 pubmed
    ..In view of the common practice of the application of sewage to agricultural land in the neighbouring area, the discharge of industrial wastewater without proper treatment into public sewers should be strictly prohibited. ..
  92. Muñoz M, Vandenbulcke F, Saulnier D, Bachere E. Expression and distribution of penaeidin antimicrobial peptides are regulated by haemocyte reactions in microbial challenged shrimp. Eur J Biochem. 2002;269:2678-89 pubmed
    ..Penaeidin-positive bacteria were observed to be phagocytosed mainly by hyaline cells, a population that does not express penaeidins. ..