lactobacillus

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.

Top Publications

  1. Hynönen U, Palva A. Lactobacillus surface layer proteins: structure, function and applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:5225-43 pubmed publisher
    ..In lactobacilli, S-layer proteins have been detected on many but not all species. Lactobacillus S-layer proteins differ from those of other bacteria in their smaller size and high predicted pI...
  2. Messaoudi S, Manai M, Kergourlay G, Prevost H, Connil N, Chobert J, et al. Lactobacillus salivarius: bacteriocin and probiotic activity. Food Microbiol. 2013;36:296-304 pubmed publisher
    ..LAB derived bacteriocins have been utilized as oral, topical antibiotics or disinfectants. Lactobacillus salivarius is a promising probiotic candidate commonly isolated from human, porcine, and avian ..
  3. Castro J, Henriques A, Machado A, Henriques M, Jefferson K, Cerca N. Reciprocal interference between Lactobacillus spp. and Gardnerella vaginalis on initial adherence to epithelial cells. Int J Med Sci. 2013;10:1193-8 pubmed publisher
    ..to the flora commonly associated with BV is characterized by a decrease in vaginal colonization by specific Lactobacillus species together with an increase of G. vaginalis and other anaerobes...
  4. Solieri L, Bianchi A, Mottolese G, Lemmetti F, Giudici P. Tailoring the probiotic potential of non-starter Lactobacillus strains from ripened Parmigiano Reggiano cheese by in vitro screening and principal component analysis. Food Microbiol. 2014;38:240-9 pubmed publisher
    ..aptitude of a de-replicated set of NSLAB previously isolated from long ripened Parmigiano Reggiano cheeses (22 Lactobacillus rhamnosus, 18 Lactobacillus paracasei, 3 Lactobacillus casei, 2 Lactobacillus harbinensis, and 2 Lactobacillus ..
  5. Lee J, Bang J, Woo H. Immunomodulatory and anti-allergic effects of orally administered Lactobacillus species in ovalbumin-sensitized mice. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;23:724-30 pubmed
    We investigated the effects of orally administered probiotic bacteria (Lactobacillus species) as allergic immune modulators in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice...
  6. Aldunate M, Tyssen D, Johnson A, Zakir T, Sonza S, Moench T, et al. Vaginal concentrations of lactic acid potently inactivate HIV. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013;68:2015-25 pubmed publisher
    When Lactobacillus spp. dominate the vaginal microbiota of women of reproductive age they acidify the vagina to pH <4.0 by producing ?1% lactic acid in a nearly racemic mixture of d- and l-isomers...
  7. Vielfort K, Weyler L, Söderholm N, Engelbrecht M, Lofmark S, Aro H. Lactobacillus decelerates cervical epithelial cell cycle progression. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63592 pubmed publisher
    ..investigated cell cycle progression in epithelial cervical ME-180 cells during colonization of three different Lactobacillus species utilizing live cell microscopy, bromodeoxyuridine incorporation assays, and flow cytometry...
  8. Yi H, Han X, Yang Y, Liu W, Liu H, Zhang Y, et al. Effect of exogenous factors on bacteriocin production from Lactobacillus paracasei J23 by using a resting cell system. Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14:24355-65 pubmed publisher
    A resting cell system was developed for bacteriocin Lac-B23 production from Lactobacillus paracasei J23. The resting cell medium contained (g/L): Glucose 20, Sodium acetate 5.0, MnSO4 0.25 MgSO4 0.5, Ammoniumhydrogencitrate 1.0, KH2PO4 1...
  9. Fujimura K, Demoor T, Rauch M, Faruqi A, Jang S, Johnson C, et al. House dust exposure mediates gut microbiome Lactobacillus enrichment and airway immune defense against allergens and virus infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:805-10 pubmed publisher
    ..microbiome of protected animals was extensively restructured with significant enrichment of, amongst others, Lactobacillus johnsonii. Supplementation of wild-type animals with L...

More Information

Publications87

  1. Chen Y, Chen M. Effects of Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens M1 isolated from kefir grains on germ-free mice. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e78789 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens M1 is a novel probiotic strain that was isolated from kefir grains. Previously, we have demonstrated the immunoregulatory, anti-allergic, anti-asthmatic and anti-colitis abilities of L...
  2. Sultana R, McBain A, O Neill C. Strain-dependent augmentation of tight-junction barrier function in human primary epidermal keratinocytes by Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium lysates. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:4887-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The keratinocytes were grown on cell culture inserts and treated with lysates from Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus fermentum, or Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG...
  3. Górska Frączek S, Sandstrom C, Kenne L, Pasciak M, Brzozowska E, Strus M, et al. The structure and immunoreactivity of exopolysaccharide isolated from Lactobacillus johnsonii strain 151. Carbohydr Res. 2013;378:148-53 pubmed publisher
    The exopolysaccharide (EPS) structure from Lactobacillus johnsonii strain 151 isolated from the intestinal tract of mice was investigated...
  4. Probst M, Fritschi A, Wagner A, Insam H. Biowaste: a Lactobacillus habitat and lactic acid fermentation substrate. Bioresour Technol. 2013;143:647-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Cultivation using semiselective media identified Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and their closest relatives as the dominating taxa...
  5. Smokvina T, Wels M, Polka J, Chervaux C, Brisse S, Boekhorst J, et al. Lactobacillus paracasei comparative genomics: towards species pan-genome definition and exploitation of diversity. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e68731 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus paracasei is a member of the normal human and animal gut microbiota and is used extensively in the food industry in starter cultures for dairy products or as probiotics...
  6. Toral M, Gómez Guzmán M, Jimenez R, Romero M, Sanchez M, Utrilla M, et al. The probiotic Lactobacillus coryniformis CECT5711 reduces the vascular pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory status in obese mice. Clin Sci (Lond). 2014;127:33-45 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we evaluated the effects of a probiotic with immunomodulatory properties, Lactobacillus coryniformis CECT5711, in obese mice fed on an HFD (high-fat diet)...
  7. Mattarelli P, Holzapfel W, Franz C, Endo A, Felis G, Hammes W, et al. Recommended minimal standards for description of new taxa of the genera Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related genera. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014;64:1434-51 pubmed publisher
    ..of new cultivable strains that represent novel genera and species belonging to the genera Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related genera are proposed in accordance with Recommendation 30b of the Bacteriological Code (1990 ..
  8. Nie C, Liu B, Zhang Y, Zhao G, Fan X, Ning X, et al. Production and secretion of Lactobacillus crispatus ?-galactosidase in Pichia pastoris. Protein Expr Purif. 2013;92:88-93 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus ?-galactosidases are mostly heterodimeric proteins, which are encoded by the two overlapping genes, lacL and lacM, and produced in recombinant prokaryotic systems for higher yield...
  9. Achilleos C, Berthier F. Quantitative PCR for the specific quantification of Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus paracasei and its interest for Lactococcus lactis in cheese samples. Food Microbiol. 2013;36:286-95 pubmed publisher
    ..acid bacteria technologically active in food fermentation, including cheese making: Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus paracasei. The second objective was to compare qPCR and plate counts of these two species in cheese samples...
  10. Dertli E, Colquhoun I, Gunning A, Bongaerts R, Le Gall G, Bonev B, et al. Structure and biosynthesis of two exopolysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus johnsonii FI9785. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:31938-51 pubmed publisher
    Exopolysaccharides were isolated and purified from Lactobacillus johnsonii FI9785, which has previously been shown to act as a competitive exclusion agent to control Clostridium perfringens in poultry...
  11. Luongo D, Miyamoto J, Bergamo P, Nazzaro F, Baruzzi F, Sashihara T, et al. Differential modulation of innate immunity in vitro by probiotic strains of Lactobacillus gasseri. BMC Microbiol. 2013;13:298 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we further addressed this issue while studying L. gasseri, a species that induces relevant immune activities in human patients...
  12. Schwebke J, Flynn M, Rivers C. Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis among women with lactobacillus-predominant vaginal flora. Sex Transm Infect. 2014;90:61-3 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in women with normal vaginal flora...
  13. Wu Z, Du X, Zheng J. Role of Lactobacillus in the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Chin Med J (Engl). 2013;126:4154-61 pubmed
    ..public health problem because of significant morbidity and mortality, and many clinicians pay attention to Lactobacillus as a potentially effective treatment...
  14. Szajewska H, Chmielewska A. Growth of infants fed formula supplemented with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 or Lactobacillus GG: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. BMC Pediatr. 2013;13:185 pubmed publisher
    ..review was to determine the effects of supplementation of infant formulae with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 (B lactis) and/or Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) compared with unsupplemented formula on the growth of healthy infants.
  15. Callaway A, Kostrzewa M, Willershausen B, Schmidt F, Thiede B, Küpper H, et al. Identification of Lactobacilli from deep carious lesions by means of species-specific PCR and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Clin Lab. 2013;59:1373-9 pubmed
  16. Bull M, Plummer S, Marchesi J, Mahenthiralingam E. The life history of Lactobacillus acidophilus as a probiotic: a tale of revisionary taxonomy, misidentification and commercial success. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2013;349:77-87 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus acidophilus is a commercially significant bacterial probiotic, originally isolated from the human gastrointestinal tract and designated Bacillus acidophilus in 1900...
  17. Butler E, Alsterfjord M, Olofsson T, Karlsson C, Malmstrom J, Vásquez A. Proteins of novel lactic acid bacteria from Apis mellifera mellifera: an insight into the production of known extra-cellular proteins during microbial stress. BMC Microbiol. 2013;13:235 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous work demonstrates that 13 species of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium from the honey crop in bees function symbiotically with the honeybee...
  18. Rizzo A, Losacco A, Carratelli C. Lactobacillus crispatus modulates epithelial cell defense against Candida albicans through Toll-like receptors 2 and 4, interleukin 8 and human ?-defensins 2 and 3. Immunol Lett. 2013;156:102-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The potentially probiotic strain Lactobacillus crispatus (ATCC 33820) was investigated for its capacity to influence the innate immune response of HeLa ..
  19. Zheng Y, Lu Y, Wang J, Yang L, Pan C, Huang Y. Probiotic properties of Lactobacillus strains isolated from Tibetan kefir grains. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e69868 pubmed publisher
    ..Three Lactobacillus isolates identified as Lactobacillus acidophilus LA15, Lactobacillus plantarum B23 and Lactobacillus kefiri ..
  20. Killer J, Dubná S, Sedláček I, Svec P. Lactobacillus apis sp. nov., from the stomach of honeybees (Apis mellifera), having an in vitro inhibitory effect on the causative agents of American and European foulbrood. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014;64:152-7 pubmed publisher
    ..rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the phylogenetic position of the novel strains was within the genus Lactobacillus; the highest sequence similarity to R4B(T) was shown by Lactobacillus acidophilus BCRC 10695(T) (93.6?%)...
  21. Jena P, Trivedi D, Thakore K, Chaudhary H, Giri S, Seshadri S. Isolation and characterization of probiotic properties of Lactobacilli isolated from rat fecal microbiota. Microbiol Immunol. 2013;57:407-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Biochemical tests and 16S rRNA gene sequencing confirmed that CS2, CS3, CS4 and CS7 are Lactobacillus intestinalis PJ2, L. sakei PJ3, L. helveticus PJ4, and L. plantarum PJ7, respectively...
  22. Nagy L, Grishina I, Macal M, Hirao L, Hu W, Sankaran Walters S, et al. Chronic HIV infection enhances the responsiveness of antigen presenting cells to commensal Lactobacillus. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e72789 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that APCs from HIV-infected patients produced an enhanced inflammatory response to Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 as compared to APCs from healthy, HIV-negative controls...
  23. Hamet M, Londero A, Medrano M, Vercammen E, Van Hoorde K, Garrote G, et al. Application of culture-dependent and culture-independent methods for the identification of Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens in microbial consortia present in kefir grains. Food Microbiol. 2013;36:327-34 pubmed publisher
    ..well as its importance in grain integrity led us to analyze the microbial kefir grain consortium with focus on Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens. The presence of L...
  24. Tuo Y, Yu H, Ai L, Wu Z, Guo B, Chen W. Aggregation and adhesion properties of 22 Lactobacillus strains. J Dairy Sci. 2013;96:4252-7 pubmed publisher
    In this paper, the autoaggregating, coaggregating, hydrophobicity, and adhering abilities of 22 Lactobacillus strains belonging to different species were assessed...
  25. Doerflinger S, Throop A, Herbst Kralovetz M. Bacteria in the vaginal microbiome alter the innate immune response and barrier properties of the human vaginal epithelia in a species-specific manner. J Infect Dis. 2014;209:1989-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Bacterial vaginosis increases the susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections and negatively affects women's reproductive health...
  26. Machado A, Almeida C, Carvalho A, Boyen F, Haesebrouck F, Rodrigues L, et al. Fluorescence in situ hybridization method using a peptide nucleic acid probe for identification of Lactobacillus spp. in milk samples. Int J Food Microbiol. 2013;162:64-70 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus species constitute one of the dominant and beneficial bacteria in our body and are used in developed countries as a microbial adjuvant...
  27. Rodrigues da Cunha L, Fortes Ferreira C, Durmaz E, Goh Y, Sanozky Dawes R, Klaenhammer T. Characterization of Lactobacillus gasseri isolates from a breast-fed infant. Gut Microbes. 2012;3:15-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Thirty colonies were identified as Lactobacillus gasseri through sequencing of 16S rDNA...
  28. Lavilla Lerma L, Pérez Pulido R, Martinez Bueno M, Maqueda M, Valdivia E. Characterization of functional, safety, and gut survival related characteristics of Lactobacillus strains isolated from farmhouse goat's milk cheeses. Int J Food Microbiol. 2013;163:136-45 pubmed publisher
    A set of 80 Lactobacillus strains (36 Lactobacillus plantarum and 44 Lactobacillus paracasei) isolated from Spanish farmhouse cheeses have been studied as to their functional and safety properties and their survival under gut-related ..
  29. Bravo J, Forsythe P, Chew M, Escaravage E, Savignac H, Dinan T, et al. Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression in a mouse via the vagus nerve. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:16050-5 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it is unknown whether lactic acid bacteria such as Lactobacillus rhamnosus could have a direct effect on neurotransmitter receptors in the CNS in normal, healthy animals...
  30. Campus G, Cagetti M, Sale S, Carta G, Lingstrom P. Cariogram validity in schoolchildren: a two-year follow-up study. Caries Res. 2012;46:16-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The validity of Cariogram was confirmed, the software fulfilling the criteria for a good risk assessment model: precision, accuracy and ease of use. ..
  31. Maldonado Barragán A, Caballero Guerrero B, Lucena Padrós H, Ruiz Barba J. Genome sequence of Lactobacillus pentosus IG1, a strain isolated from Spanish-style green olive fermentations. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5605 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus pentosus is the most prevalent lactic acid bacterium in Spanish-style green olive fermentations. Here we present the draft genome sequence of L...
  32. Munoz M, Mosquera A, Alméciga Díaz C, Melendez A, Sanchez O. Fructooligosaccharides metabolism and effect on bacteriocin production in Lactobacillus strains isolated from ensiled corn and molasses. Anaerobe. 2012;18:321-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Fructo- (FOS) and galacto-oligosaccharides have been used to promote the growth of probiotics, mainly those from Lactobacillus genus...
  33. Yamamoto H, Xu Q, Fichorova R. Homeostatic properties of Lactobacillus jensenii engineered as a live vaginal anti-HIV microbicide. BMC Microbiol. 2013;13:4 pubmed publisher
    ..primary and immortalized human cervical and vaginal epithelial cells to assess the functional properties of Lactobacillus jensenii, a predominant constituent of the healthy vaginal microbiome, engineered to express the HIV-1 entry ..
  34. Teixeira G, Carvalho F, Arantes R, Nunes A, Moreira J, Mendonca M, et al. Characteristics of Lactobacillus and Gardnerella vaginalis from women with or without bacterial vaginosis and their relationships in gnotobiotic mice. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:1074-81 pubmed publisher
    ..study were to evaluate in vitro the production of antagonistic compounds against Gardnerella vaginalis by Lactobacillus strains isolated from women with or without bacterial vaginosis (BV), and to select one of the better ..
  35. Herrero Fresno A, Martinez N, Sanchez Llana E, Diaz M, Fernandez M, Martín M, et al. Lactobacillus casei strains isolated from cheese reduce biogenic amine accumulation in an experimental model. Int J Food Microbiol. 2012;157:297-304 pubmed publisher
    ..All 17 isolates were identified by 16S rRNA sequencing as belonging to Lactobacillus casei. They were typed by plasmid S1-PFGE and genomic macrorestriction-PFGE analysis. Two strains (L...
  36. Jan R, Yeh K, Hsieh M, Lin Y, Kao H, Li P, et al. Lactobacillus gasseri suppresses Th17 pro-inflammatory response and attenuates allergen-induced airway inflammation in a mouse model of allergic asthma. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:130-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study was planned to explore the anti-allergic effect of Lactobacillus gasseri on a mouse model of allergic asthma...
  37. Ren D, Li C, Qin Y, Yin R, Li X, Tian M, et al. Inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus adherence to Caco-2 cells by lactobacilli and cell surface properties that influence attachment. Anaerobe. 2012;18:508-15 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, Lactobacillus salivarius and Lactobacillus plantarum were investigated in vitro to examine their ability to competitively ..
  38. McFrederick Q, Wcislo W, Taylor D, Ishak H, Dowd S, Mueller U. Environment or kin: whence do bees obtain acidophilic bacteria?. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:1754-68 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Lactobacillus spp. were the most abundant bacteria in many, but not all, of the samples...
  39. Forde B, Neville B, O Donnell M, Riboulet Bisson E, Claesson M, Coghlan A, et al. Genome sequences and comparative genomics of two Lactobacillus ruminis strains from the bovine and human intestinal tracts. Microb Cell Fact. 2011;10 Suppl 1:S13 pubmed publisher
    The genus Lactobacillus is characterized by an extraordinary degree of phenotypic and genotypic diversity, which recent genomic analyses have further highlighted...
  40. Moncla B, Pryke K, Rohan L, Yang H. Testing of viscous anti-HIV microbicides using Lactobacillus. J Microbiol Methods. 2012;88:292-6 pubmed publisher
    ..to prevent HIV infection requires that the drugs and formulated products be nontoxic to the endogenous vaginal Lactobacillus. In 30min exposure tests we found dapivirine, tenofovir and UC781 (reverse transcriptase inhibitor anti-HIV ..
  41. Gore C, Custovic A, Tannock G, Munro K, Kerry G, Johnson K, et al. Treatment and secondary prevention effects of the probiotics Lactobacillus paracasei or Bifidobacterium lactis on early infant eczema: randomized controlled trial with follow-up until age 3 years. Clin Exp Allergy. 2012;42:112-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Allergic disease has been associated with altered intestinal microbiota. Therefore, probiotics have been suggested as a potential treatment for eczema...
  42. Neville B, Forde B, Claesson M, Darby T, Coghlan A, Nally K, et al. Characterization of pro-inflammatory flagellin proteins produced by Lactobacillus ruminis and related motile Lactobacilli. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40592 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus ruminis is one of at least twelve motile but poorly characterized species found in the genus Lactobacillus. Of these, only L...
  43. Zhou Y, Inoue N, Ozawa R, Maekawa T, Izumo T, Kitagawa Y, et al. Effects of heat-killed Lactobacillus pentosus S-PT84 on postprandial hypertriacylglycerolemia in rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2013;77:591-4 pubmed
    The effect of Lactobacillus pentosus strain S-PT84 (S-PT84) on postprandial hypertriacylglycerolemia was investigated in rats. S-PT84 dose-dependently inhibited the hydrolysis of triacylglycerols by pancreatic lipase in vitro...
  44. Youn H, Lee D, Lee Y, Park J, Yuk S, Yang S, et al. Intranasal administration of live Lactobacillus species facilitates protection against influenza virus infection in mice. Antiviral Res. 2012;93:138-43 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we compared the protective efficacy of various live and dead Lactobacillus species against challenge with influenza virus in mice according to the administration route and dose...
  45. Rizzardini G, Eskesen D, Calder P, Capetti A, Jespersen L, Clerici M. Evaluation of the immune benefits of two probiotic strains Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis, BB-12® and Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei, L. casei 431® in an influenza vaccination model: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Nutr. 2012;107:876-84 pubmed publisher
    The present study investigated the ability of Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis (BB-12®) and Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei (L. casei 431®) to modulate the immune system using a vaccination model in healthy subjects...
  46. Heinl S, Wibberg D, Eikmeyer F, Szczepanowski R, Blom J, Linke B, et al. Insights into the completely annotated genome of Lactobacillus buchneri CD034, a strain isolated from stable grass silage. J Biotechnol. 2012;161:153-66 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus buchneri belongs to the group of heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria and is a common member of the silage microbiome. Here we report the completely annotated genomic sequence of L...
  47. Kainulainen V, Loimaranta V, Pekkala A, Edelman S, Antikainen J, Kylväjä R, et al. Glutamine synthetase and glucose-6-phosphate isomerase are adhesive moonlighting proteins of Lactobacillus crispatus released by epithelial cathelicidin LL-37. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:2509-19 pubmed publisher
    ..GS) and glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) were identified as novel adhesive moonlighting proteins of Lactobacillus crispatus ST1...
  48. Holgerson P, Vestman N, Claesson R, Ohman C, Domellöf M, Tanner A, et al. Oral microbial profile discriminates breast-fed from formula-fed infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;56:127-36 pubmed publisher
    ..The aims of the present study were to compare the oral microbiota in breast-fed and formula-fed infants, and investigate growth inhibition of streptococci by infant-isolated lactobacilli...
  49. Zhang R, Daroczy K, Xiao B, Yu L, Chen R, Liao Q. Qualitative and semiquantitative analysis of Lactobacillus species in the vaginas of healthy fertile and postmenopausal Chinese women. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:729-39 pubmed publisher
    The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and quantity of Lactobacillus species in the vaginas of healthy Chinese women...
  50. Hsieh P, Tsai Y, Chen Y, Teh S, Ou C, King V. Eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection by the probiotic strains Lactobacillus johnsonii MH-68 and L. salivarius ssp. salicinius AP-32. Helicobacter. 2012;17:466-77 pubmed publisher
    The current therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection includes antimicrobial agents and proton pump inhibitors. We have examined the ability of Lactobacillus spp. to inhibit H. pylori infection.
  51. Petricevic L, Domig K, Nierscher F, Krondorfer I, Janitschek C, Kneifel W, et al. Characterisation of the oral, vaginal and rectal Lactobacillus flora in healthy pregnant and postmenopausal women. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012;160:93-9 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the hypothesis that the rectum may be an important reservoir for vaginal colonisation by Lactobacillus species.
  52. Kadooka Y, Sato M, Ogawa A, Miyoshi M, Uenishi H, Ogawa H, et al. Effect of Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 in fermented milk on abdominal adiposity in adults in a randomised controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2013;110:1696-703 pubmed publisher
    Consumption of fermented milk (FM) containing a probiotic, Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 (LG2055), previously showed a reduction in abdominal adiposity in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) using FM with 10(8) colony-forming units (cfu) ..
  53. Machado A, Almeida C, Salgueiro D, Henriques A, Vaneechoutte M, Haesebrouck F, et al. Fluorescence in situ Hybridization method using Peptide Nucleic Acid probes for rapid detection of Lactobacillus and Gardnerella spp. BMC Microbiol. 2013;13:82 pubmed publisher
    ..the microbial switch from normal microflora to BV is characterized by a decrease in vaginal colonization by Lactobacillus species together with an increase of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobes...
  54. Frola I, Pellegrino M, Magnano G, Giraudo J, Espeche M, Nader Macías M, et al. Histological examination of non-lactating bovine udders inoculated with Lactobacillus perolens CRL 1724. J Dairy Res. 2013;80:28-35 pubmed publisher
    The effect of intramammary inoculation of Lactobacillus perolens CRL 1724 on bovine udders at drying off was evaluated through histological examination of the canal and cistern tissues...
  55. Messaoudi S, Madi A, Prevost H, Feuilloley M, Manai M, Dousset X, et al. In vitro evaluation of the probiotic potential of Lactobacillus salivarius SMXD51. Anaerobe. 2012;18:584-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus salivarius SMXD51 was previously isolated from the cecum of a Tunisian poultry and found to produce a bacteriocin-like substance highly active against the foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni...
  56. Kim D, Choi S, Kang A, Nam S, Kim D, Kim R, et al. Draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus zeae KCTC 3804. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5023 pubmed publisher
    We announce the draft genome sequence of the type strain Lactobacillus zeae KCTC 3804 (3,110,326 bp, with a G+C content of 47.8%), which is one of the most prevalent lactic acid bacteria present during the processing of raw cow's milk...
  57. Ham J, Kim H, Seol K, Jang A, Jeong S, Oh M, et al. Genome sequence of Lactobacillus salivarius NIAS840, isolated from chicken intestine. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5551-2 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus salivarius is a well-known lactic acid bacterium to which increasing attention has been paid recently for use as probiotics for humans and animals. L...
  58. Drago L, Iemoli E, Rodighiero V, Nicola L, De Vecchi E, Piconi S. Effects of Lactobacillus salivarius LS01 (DSM 22775) treatment on adult atopic dermatitis: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2011;24:1037-48 pubmed
    ..placebo-controlled study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the intake of a probiotic strain (Lactobacillus salivarius LS01) in the treatment of adult patients with AD...
  59. Watanabe M, Kinoshita H, Huang I, Eguchi K, Tsurumi T, Kawai Y, et al. An adhesin-like protein, Lam29, from Lactobacillus mucosae ME-340 binds to histone H3 and blood group antigens in human colonic mucus. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76:1655-60 pubmed
    A cell-surface 29-kDa protein (Lam29, cysteine-binding protein of the ABC transporter) from Lactobacillus mucosae ME-340 showed an adhesin-like property for human ABO blood group antigens expressed on the gastrointestinal mucosa...
  60. Sun Z, Kong J, Hu S, Kong W, Lu W, Liu W. Characterization of a S-layer protein from Lactobacillus crispatus K313 and the domains responsible for binding to cell wall and adherence to collagen. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:1941-52 pubmed publisher
    It was previously shown that the surface (S)-layer proteins covering the cell surface of Lactobacillus crispatus K313 were involved in the adherence of this strain to human intestinal cell line HT-29...
  61. Bohmer N, Lutz Wahl S, Fischer L. Recombinant production of hyperthermostable CelB from Pyrococcus furiosus in Lactobacillus sp. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;96:903-12 pubmed publisher
    ..2005), to produce a hyper-thermophilic ?-glycosidase (CelB) from Pyrococcus furiosus in Lactobacillus plantarum NC8 and Lactobacillus casei as hosts, respectively...
  62. Khan N, Kang T, Grahame D, Haakensen M, Ratanapariyanuch K, Reaney M, et al. Isolation and characterization of novel 1,3-propanediol-producing Lactobacillus panis PM1 from bioethanol thin stillage. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:417-28 pubmed publisher
    ..This 1,3-PDO-producing organism was identified as Lactobacillus panis through biochemical characteristics and by 16S rRNA sequencing. Characterization of the L...
  63. Ben Yahia L, Mayeur C, Rul F, Thomas M. Growth advantage of Streptococcus thermophilus over Lactobacillus bulgaricus in vitro and in the gastrointestinal tract of gnotobiotic rats. Benef Microbes. 2012;3:211-9 pubmed publisher
    The yoghurt bacteria, Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus, are alleged to have beneficial effects on human health...
  64. Buhnik Rosenblau K, Matsko Efimov V, Jung M, Shin H, Danin Poleg Y, Kashi Y. Indication for Co-evolution of Lactobacillus johnsonii with its hosts. BMC Microbiol. 2012;12:149 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we studied the genetic variation within a potentially probiotic LAB species, Lactobacillus johnsonii, isolated from various hosts.
  65. Dušková M, Sedo O, Ksicova K, Zdrahal Z, Karpiskova R. Identification of lactobacilli isolated from food by genotypic methods and MALDI-TOF MS. Int J Food Microbiol. 2012;159:107-14 pubmed publisher
    ..but accurate identification of the Lactobacillus species is not an easy task. In this study, three methods, i.e...
  66. Yoda K, He F, Miyazawa K, Kawase M, Kubota A, Hiramatsu M. Orally administered heat-killed Lactobacillus gasseri TMC0356 alters respiratory immune responses and intestinal microbiota of diet-induced obese mice. J Appl Microbiol. 2012;113:155-62 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the influence of heat-killed Lactobacillus gasseri TMC0356 on changes in respiratory immune function and intestinal microbiota in a diet-induced obese mouse model.
  67. Pendharkar S, Magopane T, Larsson P, de Bruyn G, Gray G, Hammarstrom L, et al. Identification and characterisation of vaginal lactobacilli from South African women. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:43 pubmed publisher
    ..The vaginal microbiota of a healthy woman is often dominated by the species belonging to the genus Lactobacillus namely L. crispatus, L. gasseri, L. jensenii and L...
  68. O Shea E, O Connor P, Raftis E, O Toole P, Stanton C, Cotter P, et al. Production of multiple bacteriocins from a single locus by gastrointestinal strains of Lactobacillus salivarius. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:6973-82 pubmed publisher
    Bacteriocins produced by Lactobacillus salivarius isolates derived from a gastrointestinal origin have previously demonstrated efficacy for in vivo protection against Listeria monocytogenes infection...
  69. O Donnell M, Forde B, Neville B, Ross P, O Toole P. Carbohydrate catabolic flexibility in the mammalian intestinal commensal Lactobacillus ruminis revealed by fermentation studies aligned to genome annotations. Microb Cell Fact. 2011;10 Suppl 1:S12 pubmed publisher
    b>Lactobacillus ruminis is a poorly characterized member of the Lactobacillus salivarius clade that is part of the intestinal microbiota of pigs, humans and other mammals...
  70. Rodes L, Khan A, Paul A, Coussa Charley M, Marinescu D, Tomaro Duchesneau C, et al. Effect of probiotics Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium on gut-derived lipopolysaccharides and inflammatory cytokines: an in vitro study using a human colonic microbiota model. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;23:518-26 pubmed
    ..In this study, the effects of probiotics Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium on gut-derived lipopolysaccharide and inflammatory cytokine concentrations were evaluated ..
  71. Budinich M, Perez Diaz I, Cai H, Rankin S, Broadbent J, Steele J. Growth of Lactobacillus paracasei ATCC 334 in a cheese model system: a biochemical approach. J Dairy Sci. 2011;94:5263-77 pubmed publisher
    Growth of Lactobacillus paracasei ATCC 334, in a cheese-ripening model system based upon a medium prepared from ripening Cheddar cheese extract (CCE) was evaluated...
  72. Tannock G, Wilson C, Loach D, Cook G, Eason J, O Toole P, et al. Resource partitioning in relation to cohabitation of Lactobacillus species in the mouse forestomach. ISME J. 2012;6:927-38 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Lactobacillus reuteri strain 100-23 and Lactobacillus johnsonii strain 100-33 cohabit in the forestomach of mice...
  73. Ichikawa S, Miyake M, Fujii R, Konishi Y. MyD88 associated ROS generation is crucial for Lactobacillus induced IL-12 production in macrophage. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35880 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest the existence of TLR-MyD88 independent LAB recognition and MyD88 related ROS induction mechanisms. We show here the importance of ROS for IL-12 induction and provide new insights into IL-12 induction by LAB...
  74. Turpin W, Humblot C, Guyot J. Genetic screening of functional properties of lactic acid bacteria in a fermented pearl millet slurry and in the metagenome of fermented starchy foods. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:8722-34 pubmed publisher
    ..All isolates belonged to six species of the genera Pediococcus and Lactobacillus, and Lactobacillus fermentum was the dominant species...
  75. Muñoz Quezada S, Chenoll E, Vieites J, Genovés S, Maldonado J, Bermúdez Brito M, et al. Isolation, identification and characterisation of three novel probiotic strains (Lactobacillus paracasei CNCM I-4034, Bifidobacterium breve CNCM I-4035 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus CNCM I-4036) from the faeces of exclusively breast-fed infants. Br J Nutr. 2013;109 Suppl 2:S51-62 pubmed publisher
    ..of the forty-two bacteria into three different strains that showed more than 99 % sequence identity with Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium breve, respectively...
  76. Chen C, Tsen H, Lin C, Yu B, Chen C. Oral administration of a combination of select lactic acid bacteria strains to reduce the Salmonella invasion and inflammation of broiler chicks. Poult Sci. 2012;91:2139-47 pubmed publisher
  77. Madan R, Carpenter C, Fiedler T, Kalyoussef S, McAndrew T, Viswanathan S, et al. Altered biomarkers of mucosal immunity and reduced vaginal Lactobacillus concentrations in sexually active female adolescents. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40415 pubmed publisher
    ..coli), but prior studies have not investigated this endogenous antimicrobial activity or its mediators in adolescent females...
  78. Neveling D, Endo A, Dicks L. Fructophilic Lactobacillus kunkeei and Lactobacillus brevis isolated from fresh flowers, bees and bee-hives. Curr Microbiol. 2012;65:507-15 pubmed
    ..Nineteen of the strains were classified as Lactobacillus kunkeei and one as Lactobacillus brevis based on phenotypic characteristics, 16S rRNA sequences, recA ..