nitrosomonas

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-negative, ellipsoidal or rod-shaped bacteria whose major source of energy and reducing power is from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite. Its species occur in soils, oceans, lakes, rivers, and sewage disposal systems.

Top Publications

  1. Stein L, Arp D, Berube P, Chain P, Hauser L, Jetten M, et al. Whole-genome analysis of the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosomonas eutropha C91: implications for niche adaptation. Environ Microbiol. 2007;9:2993-3007 pubmed
    Analysis of the structure and inventory of the genome of Nitrosomonas eutropha C91 revealed distinctive features that may explain the adaptation of N. eutropha-like bacteria to N-saturated ecosystems...
  2. Hyman M, Arp D. 14C2H2- and 14CO2-labeling studies of the de novo synthesis of polypeptides by Nitrosomonas europaea during recovery from acetylene and light inactivation of ammonia monooxygenase. J Biol Chem. 1992;267:1534-45 pubmed
    Incubation of cells of the nitrifying bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea with 14C2H2 results in the covalent attachment of 14C label to a membrane-bound polypeptide of an approximate Mr of 28,000 (Hyman, M.R., and Wood, P.M. (1985) Biochem...
  3. Teske A, Alm E, Regan J, Toze S, Rittmann B, Stahl D. Evolutionary relationships among ammonia- and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:6623-30 pubmed
    ..Each nitrifier retains the general structural features of the specific ancestor's photosynthetic membrane complex. Thus, the nitrifiers, as a group, apparently are not derived from an ancestral nitrifying phenotype...
  4. Igarashi N, Moriyama H, Fujiwara T, Fukumori Y, Tanaka N. The 2.8 A structure of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase from a nitrifying chemoautotrophic bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea. Nat Struct Biol. 1997;4:276-84 pubmed
    The 2.8 A crystal structure of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase of a nitrifying chemoautotrophic bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea, is described...
  5. Hommes N, Sayavedra Soto L, Arp D. Transcript analysis of multiple copies of amo (encoding ammonia monooxygenase) and hao (encoding hydroxylamine oxidoreductase) in Nitrosomonas europaea. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:1096-100 pubmed
    ..oxidoreductase (hao), and the c-type cytochrome c-554 (hcy) are present in multiple copies in the genome of Nitrosomonas europaea...
  6. Shrestha N, Hadano S, Kamachi T, Okura I. Conversion of ammonia to dinitrogen in wastewater by Nitrosomonas europaea. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2001;90:221-32 pubmed
    Because Nitrosomonas europaea contains ammonia-oxidizing enzyme, nitrite reductase, and nitrous oxide reductase, the conversion of ammonia to dinitrogen was tried with different reaction conditions...
  7. Schmidt I, Bock E, Jetten M. Ammonia oxidation by Nitrosomonas eutropha with NO(2) as oxidant is not inhibited by acetylene. Microbiology. 2001;147:2247-53 pubmed
    The effect of acetylene ((14)C(2)H(2)) on aerobic and anaerobic ammonia oxidation by Nitrosomonas eutropha was investigated...
  8. Arp D, Sayavedra Soto L, Hommes N. Molecular biology and biochemistry of ammonia oxidation by Nitrosomonas europaea. Arch Microbiol. 2002;178:250-5 pubmed
    b>Nitrosomonas europaea uses only NH(3), CO(2) and mineral salts for growth and as such it is an obligate chemo-lithoautotroph...
  9. Léon G, Roy P. Excision and integration of cassettes by an integron integrase of Nitrosomonas europaea. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:2036-41 pubmed
    We found in the environmental strain Nitrosomonas europaea a chromosomal integron-like structure with an integrase gene, intI(Neu)...

More Information

Publications138 found, 100 shown here

  1. Vadivelu V, Keller J, Yuan Z. Free ammonia and free nitrous acid inhibition on the anabolic and catabolic processes of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter. Water Sci Technol. 2007;56:89-97 pubmed
    ..inhibitory effects of free ammonia (FA) and free nitrous acid (FNA) on the catabolic and anabolic processes of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter were investigated using a method that allows decoupling the growth and energy generation ..
  2. Lim J, Do H, Shin S, Hwang S. Primer and probe sets for group-specific quantification of the genera Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira using real-time PCR. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2008;99:1374-83 pubmed
    ..The genera Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira were grouped into five clusters based on similarity of their 16S rRNA gene sequences...
  3. Schmidt I. Chemoorganoheterotrophic growth of Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosomonas eutropha. Curr Microbiol. 2009;59:130-8 pubmed publisher
    The ammonia oxidizers Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosomonas eutropha are able to grow chemoorganotrophically under anoxic conditions with pyruvate, lactate, acetate, serine, succinate, alpha-ketoglutarate, or fructose as substrate and ..
  4. Logan M, Hooper A. Suicide inactivation of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase of Nitrosomonas europaea by organohydrazines. Biochemistry. 1995;34:9257-64 pubmed
    ..such as mammalian cytochrome c, hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO) from the chemolithotrophic bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea catalyzes the oxidation of hydroxylamine or hydrazine to nitrite or dinitrogen, respectively...
  5. Arciero D, Hooper A. A di-heme cytochrome c peroxidase from Nitrosomonas europaea catalytically active in both the oxidized and half-reduced states. J Biol Chem. 1994;269:11878-86 pubmed
    ..containing cytochrome (cytochrome c553 peroxidase) has been isolated from the chemoautotrophic bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea...
  6. Hommes N, Sayavedra Soto L, Arp D. Mutagenesis and expression of amo, which codes for ammonia monooxygenase in Nitrosomonas europaea. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:3353-9 pubmed
    b>Nitrosomonas europaea has two copies of the operon encoding ammonia monooxygenase (AMO). The nucleotide sequences of the two copies of amoA were obtained, and they were found to differ by one nucleotide...
  7. Timkovich R, Bergmann D, Arciero D, Hooper A. Primary sequence and solution conformation of ferrocytochrome c-552 from Nitrosomonas europaea. Biophys J. 1998;75:1964-72 pubmed
    Cytochrome c-552 from Nitrosomonas europaea is a 9.1-kDa monoheme protein that is a member of the bacterial cytochrome c-551 family. The gene encoding for c-552 has been cloned and sequenced and the primary sequence of the product deduced...
  8. Iizumi T, Mizumoto M, Nakamura K. A bioluminescence assay using Nitrosomonas europaea for rapid and sensitive detection of nitrification inhibitors. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1998;64:3656-62 pubmed
    An expression vector for the luxAB genes, derived from Vibrio harveyi, was introduced into Nitrosomonas europaea...
  9. Gieseke A, Purkhold U, Wagner M, Amann R, Schramm A. Community structure and activity dynamics of nitrifying bacteria in a phosphate-removing biofilm. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:1351-62 pubmed
    ..Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed three distinct ammonia-oxidizing populations, related to the Nitrosomonas europaea, Nitrosomonas oligotropha, and Nitrosomonas communis lineages...
  10. Lieberman R, Arciero D, Hooper A, Rosenzweig A. Crystal structure of a novel red copper protein from Nitrosomonas europaea. Biochemistry. 2001;40:5674-81 pubmed
    Nitrosocyanin (NC) is a mononuclear red copper protein isolated from the ammonia oxidizing bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea...
  11. Dionisi H, Layton A, Harms G, Gregory I, Robinson K, Sayler G. Quantification of Nitrosomonas oligotropha-like ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and Nitrospira spp. from full-scale wastewater treatment plants by competitive PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:245-53 pubmed
    Utilizing the principle of competitive PCR, we developed two assays to enumerate Nitrosomonas oligotropha-like ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria belonging to the genus NITROSPIRA: The specificities of two primer ..
  12. Arciero D, Pierce B, Hendrich M, Hooper A. Nitrosocyanin, a red cupredoxin-like protein from Nitrosomonas europaea. Biochemistry. 2002;41:1703-9 pubmed
    Nitrosocyanin (NC), a soluble, red Cu protein isolated from the ammonia-oxidizing autotrophic bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea, is shown to be a homo-oligomer of 12 kDa Cu-containing monomers...
  13. Dionisi H, Layton A, Robinson K, Brown J, Gregory I, Parker J, et al. Quantification of Nitrosomonas oligotropha and Nitrospira spp. using competitive polymerase chain reaction in bench-scale wastewater treatment reactors operating at different solids retention times. Water Environ Res. 2002;74:462-9 pubmed
    The effect of solids retention time (SRT) on ammonia-and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria was measured by Nitrosomonas oligotropha-like ammonia monooxygenase A and Nitrospira 16S rDNA competitive polymerase chain reaction assays in a complete-..
  14. Upadhyay A, Petasis D, Arciero D, Hooper A, Hendrich M. Spectroscopic characterization and assignment of reduction potentials in the tetraheme cytochrome C554 from Nitrosomonas europaea. J Am Chem Soc. 2003;125:1738-47 pubmed
    The tetraheme cytochrome c(554) (cyt c(554)) from Nitrosomonas europaea is an essential electron transfer component in the biological oxidation of ammonia...
  15. Sutka R, Ostrom N, Ostrom P, Gandhi H, Breznak J. Nitrogen isotopomer site preference of N2O produced by Nitrosomonas europaea and Methylococcus capsulatus Bath. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2003;17:738-45 pubmed
    ..Concentrated cell suspensions of Methylococcus capsulatus Bath and Nitrosomonas europaea were used to investigate the site preference of N(2)O by microbial processes during nitrification...
  16. Cabail M, Pacheco A. Selective one-electron reduction of Nitrosomonas europaea hydroxylamine oxidoreductase with nitric oxide. Inorg Chem. 2003;42:270-2 pubmed
    Hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO) from the autotrophic bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea catalyzes the 4-e- oxidation of NH2-OH to NO2-...
  17. Chain P, Lamerdin J, Larimer F, Regala W, Lao V, Land M, et al. Complete genome sequence of the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium and obligate chemolithoautotroph Nitrosomonas europaea. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:2759-73 pubmed
    b>Nitrosomonas europaea (ATCC 19718) is a gram-negative obligate chemolithoautotroph that can derive all its energy and reductant for growth from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite...
  18. Schmidt I, Look C, Bock E, Jetten M. Ammonium and hydroxylamine uptake and accumulation in Nitrosomonas. Microbiology. 2004;150:1405-12 pubmed
    Starved cells of Nitrosomonas europaea and further ammonia oxidizers were able to rapidly accumulate ammonium and hydroxylamine to an internal concentration of about 1 and 0.8 M, respectively...
  19. Tarre S, Shlafman E, Beliavski M, Green M. Changes in ammonia oxidiser population during transition to low pH in a biofilm reactor starting with Nitrosomonas europaea. Water Sci Technol. 2007;55:363-8 pubmed
    ..of the earlier microbiological work regarding ammonia oxidising bacteria (AOB) physiology was carried out using Nitrosomonas europaea, this model bacterium's capability for high rate nitrification at low pH in a continuous biofilm ..
  20. McTavish H, Fuchs J, Hooper A. Sequence of the gene coding for ammonia monooxygenase in Nitrosomonas europaea. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:2436-44 pubmed
    b>Nitrosomonas europaea, a chemolithotrophic bacterium, was found to contain two copies of the gene coding for the presumed active site polypeptide of ammonia monooxygenase, the 32-kDa acetylene-binding polypeptide...
  21. Tappe W, Laverman A, Bohland M, Braster M, Rittershaus S, Groeneweg J, et al. Maintenance energy demand and starvation recovery dynamics of Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrobacter winogradskyi cultivated in a retentostat with complete biomass retention. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:2471-7 pubmed
    b>Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrobacter winogradskyi (strain "Engel") were grown in ammonia-limited and nitrite-limited conditions, respectively, in a retentostat with complete biomass retention at 25 degrees C and pH 8...
  22. Yamagata A, Kato J, Hirota R, Kuroda A, Ikeda T, Takiguchi N, et al. Isolation and characterization of two cryptic plasmids in the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium Nitrosomonas sp. strain ENI-11. J Bacteriol. 1999;181:3375-81 pubmed
    Two plasmids were discovered in the ammonia-oxidizing bacterium Nitrosomonas sp. strain ENI-11, which was isolated from activated sludge. The plasmids, designated pAYS and pAYL, were relatively small, being approximately 1.9 kb long...
  23. Beaumont H, Hommes N, Sayavedra Soto L, Arp D, Arciero D, Hooper A, et al. Nitrite reductase of Nitrosomonas europaea is not essential for production of gaseous nitrogen oxides and confers tolerance to nitrite. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:2557-60 pubmed
    A gene that encodes a periplasmic copper-type nitrite reductase (NirK) was identified in Nitrosomonas europaea. Disruption of this gene resulted in the disappearance of Nir activity in cell extracts...
  24. Lebedeva E, Alawi M, Fiencke C, Namsaraev B, Bock E, Spieck E. Moderately thermophilic nitrifying bacteria from a hot spring of the Baikal rift zone. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2005;54:297-306 pubmed
    ..Ammonia oxidizers were identified with classical and immunological techniques. Representatives of the genus Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira-like bacteria with characteristic vibroid morphology were detected...
  25. Gilliam F, Somerville C, Lyttle N, Adams M. Factors influencing spatial variability in nitrogen processing in nitrogen-saturated soils. ScientificWorldJournal. 2001;1 Suppl 2:505-13 pubmed
    ..We hypothesize that nitrifier populations in such soil are being inhibited by a combination of low Ca to Al ratios in mineral soil and allelopathic interactions with mycorrhizae of ericaceous species in the herbaceous layer. ..
  26. Nicolaisen M, Ramsing N. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) approaches to study the diversity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. J Microbiol Methods. 2002;50:189-203 pubmed
    ..ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), generated several sequences that were not related to the known Nitrosospira-Nitrosomonas group and, thus, not likely to be ammonia oxidizers...
  27. Kavukcu S, Turkmen M, Soylu A, Bora S, Yurt P, Unak P. Intestinal urea metabolism: could the bacteria involved in nitrogen cycle lead to reutilization of intestinal urea nitrogen in uremic rabbits?. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2002;48:24-9 pubmed
  28. Zeng T, Li D, Zeng H, Zhang Z, Liu L, Zhang X, et al. Analysis of microbial population dynamics in a partial nitrifying SBR at ambient temperature. Curr Microbiol. 2013;66:614-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all the predominant AOB was affiliated with Nitrosomonas genus...
  29. Miyaji A, Miyoshi T, Motokura K, Baba T. Discrimination of the prochiral hydrogens at the C-2 position of n-alkanes by the methane/ammonia monooxygenase family proteins. Org Biomol Chem. 2015;13:8261-70 pubmed publisher
    The selectivity of ammonia monooxygenase from Nitrosomonas europaea (AMO-Ne) for the oxidation of C4-C8n-alkanes to the corresponding alcohol isomers was examined to show the ability of AMO-Ne to recognize the n-alkane orientation within ..
  30. Wang Z, Luo G, Li J, Chen S, Li Y, Li W, et al. Response of performance and ammonia oxidizing bacteria community to high salinity stress in membrane bioreactor with elevated ammonia loading. Bioresour Technol. 2016;216:714-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Analysis of amoA-gene-based cloning revealed Nitrosomonas marina are chiefly responsible for catalyzing ammonia oxidation in high ALR at high salinity stress.
  31. Ding P, Chu L, Wang J. Biological treatment of actual petrochemical wastewater using anaerobic/anoxic/oxic process and the microbial diversity analysis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016;100:10193-10202 pubmed
    ..The ammonium-oxidizing bacteria Nitrosomonadaceae and Nitrosomonas and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria Nitrospira were highly enriched in A/O reactor, which is consistent with the ..
  32. Chang Y, Fan J, Su J, Ming H, Zhao W, Shi Y, et al. Spatial Abundance, Diversity, and Activity of Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacteria in Coastal Sediments of the Liaohe Estuary. Curr Microbiol. 2017;74:632-640 pubmed publisher
    ..High-throughput sequencing analysis indicated that the majority of amoA gene sequences fell within the Nitrosomonas and Nitrosomonas-like clade, and only a few sequences were clustered within the Nitrosospira clade...
  33. Wu J, Wei C, Li P. [Inhibition investigation of aniline on nitrification process in batch and continuous running reactors]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2008;29:109-13 pubmed
    ..Three-phase fluidized biofilm nitrifying reactor was superior to suspended sludge nitrifying reactor in resisting aniline toxicity and has practical value in denitrifying treatment of wastewater containing toxic organic chemicals. ..
  34. Sun Z, Wu Z, Chen L, Jia L. [Regulation of soil nitrification with nitrification inhibitors and related mechanisms]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2008;19:1389-95 pubmed
    ..In this review, the definition, screening criteria, major varieties being widely used, and action mechanisms of nitrification inhibitors were introduced, and the existing problems and prospects in related researches were discussed. ..
  35. Wendu R, Li G, Yang D, Zhang J, Yi J. [Diversity and community structure of soil ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in Hulunbeier Grassland, Inner Mongolia]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2011;22:929-35 pubmed
    ..steppes, Nitrosospira cluster 3 was the dominant group, and the Nitrosospira cluster 1, 2, and 4 as well as Nitrosomonas were also found. The community structure of soil ammonia oxidizing bacteria in F...
  36. Wu Y, Whang L, Fukushima T, Chang S. Responses of ammonia-oxidizing archaeal and betaproteobacterial populations to wastewater salinity in a full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plant. J Biosci Bioeng. 2013;115:424-32 pubmed publisher
    ..17 (2006), and then to 0.07 (2007), was observed. Phylogenetic analyses on amoA gene sequences indicated that Nitrosomonas marina-like ammonia oxidizing bacteria and Thaumarcheota ?...
  37. Wang X, Li J, Liu R, Hai R, Zou D, Zhu X, et al. Responses of Bacterial Communities to CuO Nanoparticles in Activated Sludge System. Environ Sci Technol. 2017;51:5368-5376 pubmed publisher
    ..Some genera involved in nitrogen and phosphorus removal, such as Nitrosomonas, Acinetobacter, and Pseudomonas decreased significantly...
  38. Mukhtar H, Lin Y, Shipin O, Petway J. Modeling Nitrogen Dynamics in a Waste Stabilization Pond System Using Flexible Modeling Environment with MCMC. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..However, Nitrosomonas growth rate, the denitrification constant, and the maximum growth rate at 20 °C were sensitive to ON-N ..
  39. Yang B, Wang J, Wang J, Xu H, Song X, Wang Y, et al. Correlating microbial community structure with operational conditions in biological aerated filter reactor for efficient nitrogen removal of municipal wastewater. Bioresour Technol. 2018;250:374-381 pubmed publisher
    ..The DO, NO2-N and NO3-N concentrations showed a strong correlation with Nitrospira and Nitrosomonas in bacterial samples outlet (c and e) under gas/water ratio of 3:1.
  40. Shimizu H, Schuller D, Lanzilotta W, Sundaramoorthy M, Arciero D, Hooper A, et al. Crystal structure of Nitrosomonas europaea cytochrome c peroxidase and the structural basis for ligand switching in bacterial di-heme peroxidases. Biochemistry. 2001;40:13483-90 pubmed
    The crystal structure of the fully oxidized di-heme peroxidase from Nitrosomonas europaea has been solved to a resolution of 1.80 A and compared to the closely related enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
  41. Kim D, Lee D, Keller J. Effect of temperature and free ammonia on nitrification and nitrite accumulation in landfill leachate and analysis of its nitrifying bacterial community by FISH. Bioresour Technol. 2006;97:459-68 pubmed
    ..A significant fraction of AOB identified by probe Nso1225 specifically also hybridized with the Nitrosomonas specific probe Nsm156...
  42. John R, Okpokwasili G. Crude oil-degradation and plasmid profile of nitrifying bacteria isolated from oil-impacted mangrove sediment in the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2012;88:1020-6 pubmed publisher
    The crude oil degradability and plasmid profile of autotrophic nitrifying bacteria, Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter species, isolated from mangrove sediment in the Niger Delta of Nigeria were studied...
  43. Kumar Singh N, Singh J, Bhatia A, Kazmi A. A pilot-scale study on PVA gel beads based integrated fixed film activated sludge (IFAS) plant for municipal wastewater treatment. Water Sci Technol. 2016;73:113-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Results revealed that Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas sp. and Nitrosomonas communis played a significant role in biomass carrier, while Acinetobactor sp...
  44. Deng Y, Zhang X, Miao Y, Hu B. Exploration of rapid start-up of the CANON process from activated sludge inoculum in a sequencing biofilm batch reactor (SBBR). Water Sci Technol. 2016;73:535-42 pubmed publisher
    ..DNA analysis showed that 'Candidatus Brocadia' was the dominant anammox species and Nitrosomonas was the dominant aerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria in the CANON reactor...
  45. Duddleston K, Arp D, Bottomley P. Biodegradation of monohalogenated alkanes by soil NH(3)-oxidizing bacteria. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002;59:535-9 pubmed
    ..biodegradation of monohalogenated hydrocarbons has been well studied in the model NH(3)-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea, virtually no information exists about cooxidation of these compounds by native populations of NH(3)-..
  46. Ren S, Frymier P. Use of multidimensional scaling in the selection of wastewater toxicity test battery components. Water Res. 2003;37:1655-61 pubmed
    ..the toxicity data of five bioassays (the continuous Shk1, Polytox, activated sludge respiration inhibition, Nitrosomonas, and Tetrahymena assays) that could serve as test battery components for the assessment of wastewater toxicity ..
  47. Chen Y, Liang Q, Arciero D, Hooper A, Timkovich R. Heme crevice disorder after sixth ligand displacement in the cytochrome c-551 family. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2007;457:95-104 pubmed
    ..c-551 family from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Pseudomonas stutzeri substrain ZoBell, and Nitrosomonas europae...
  48. Keluskar R, Nerurkar A, Desai A. Mutualism between autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and heterotrophs present in an ammonia-oxidizing colony. Arch Microbiol. 2013;195:737-47 pubmed publisher
    Coexistence of an autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacterium (Nitrosomonas sp. RA) and heterotrophic bacteria was consistently observed when cultured in an inorganic medium without any external supply of organic carbon...
  49. Gao C, Liu L, Yang F. Development of a novel proton exchange membrane-free integrated MFC system with electric membrane bioreactor and air contact oxidation bed for efficient and energy-saving wastewater treatment. Bioresour Technol. 2017;238:472-483 pubmed publisher
    ..Dominant bacteria (Nitrosomonas sp.; Comamonas sp...
  50. Kim D, Kim T, Choi E, Park W, Kim T, Ahn D, et al. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of nitrifiers in piggery wastewater treatment reactors. Water Sci Technol. 2004;49:333-40 pubmed
    ..Further analysis on nitrifying bacteria in the FBR showed that Nitrosomonas species (NSM156) and Nitrospira species (NSR1156) were the dominant ammonia-oxidizing and nitrite-oxidizing ..
  51. Kantawanichkul S, Somprasert S. Using a compact combined constructed wetland system to treat agricultural wastewater with high nitrogen. Water Sci Technol. 2005;51:47-53 pubmed
    ..Nitrobacter and Nitrosomonas were found in a large number in vertical flow beds and the same for denitrifier bacteria in a horizontal flow ..
  52. Yu T, Qi R, Li D, Zhang Y, Yang M. Nitrifier characteristics in submerged membrane bioreactors under different sludge retention times. Water Res. 2010;44:2823-30 pubmed publisher
    ..PCR-DGGE, clone library and FISH results showed that the fast-growing Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter sp...
  53. Vilajeliu Pons A, Koch C, Balaguer M, Colprim J, Harnisch F, Puig S. Microbial electricity driven anoxic ammonium removal. Water Res. 2018;130:168-175 pubmed publisher
    ..confirmed that the anoxic nitrification was an electrochemical biological process mainly performed by Nitrosomonas with hydroxylamine as the main substrate (mid-point potential, Eox = +0.67 ± 0.08 V vs. SHE)...
  54. Mahony T, Miller D. Linkage of genes encoding enolase (eno) and CTP synthase (pyrG) in the beta-subdivision proteobacterium Nitrosomonas europaea. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998;165:153-7 pubmed
    The gene encoding enolase (eno) from the ammonia oxidising bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea has been cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence for enolase from N...
  55. Kowalchuk G, Naoumenko Z, Derikx P, Felske A, Stephen J, Arkhipchenko I. Molecular analysis of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria of the beta subdivision of the class Proteobacteria in compost and composted materials. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:396-403 pubmed
    ..probes designed to detect ammonia oxidizer-like sequence clusters in the genera Nitrosospira and Nitrosomonas. Ammonia oxidizer-like 16S rDNA was detected in almost all of the materials tested, including industrial and ..
  56. Hendrich M, Upadhyay A, Riga J, Arciero D, Hooper A. Spectroscopic characterization of the NO adduct of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase. Biochemistry. 2002;41:4603-11 pubmed
    Hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO) from the autotrophic nitrifying bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea catalyzes the oxidation of NH2OH to NO2-. The enzyme contains eight hemes per subunit which participate in catalysis and electron transport...
  57. Cliff J, Gaspar D, Bottomley P, Myrold D. Exploration of inorganic C and N assimilation by soil microbes with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:4067-73 pubmed
  58. Chen G, Wong M, Okabe S, Watanabe Y. Dynamic response of nitrifying activated sludge batch culture to increased chloride concentration. Water Res. 2003;37:3125-35 pubmed
    ..with the change in the dominant species of ammonia-oxidizers from non-saline-resistant species such as Nitrosomonas europaea-lineage and Nitrosomonas eutropha to saline-resistant species, such as the Nitrosococcus mobilis-..
  59. Lv Y, Wang L, Sun T, Wang X, Yang Y, Wang Z. Autotrophic nitrogen removal discovered in suspended nitritation system. Chemosphere. 2010;79:180-5 pubmed publisher
    ..04. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis revealed that the aerobic ammonium-oxidizing genus Nitrosomonas dominated the community, while AnAOB and very small amounts of Nitrospira spp. were also detected...
  60. Qiao S, Nishiyama T, Fujii T, Bhatti Z, Furukawa K. Rapid startup and high rate nitrogen removal from anaerobic sludge digester liquor using a SNAP process. Biodegradation. 2012;23:157-64 pubmed publisher
    ..FISH and CLSM analysis demonstrated that anammox bacteria coexisted and surrounded by ammonium oxidizing bacteria. ..
  61. Yao Q, Peng D. Nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) dominating in nitrifying community in full-scale biological nutrient removal wastewater treatment plants. AMB Express. 2017;7:25 pubmed publisher
    ..The results showed that nitrifying bacteria accounted for 1-10% of the total population. Nitrosomonas and Nitrospira were the dominant bacteria for AOB and NOB respectively...
  62. Sayavedra Soto L, Hommes N, Alzerreca J, Arp D, Norton J, Klotz M. Transcription of the amoC, amoA and amoB genes in Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosospira sp. NpAV. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998;167:81-8 pubmed
    Nitrifying bacteria such as Nitrosomonas europaea and Nitrosospira sp. NpAV use ammonia monooxygenase (AMO) for oxidation of their primary growth substrate, ammonia...
  63. Marsili Libelli S, Ratini P, Spagni A, Bortone G. Implementation, study and calibration of a modified ASM2d for the simulation of SBR processes. Water Sci Technol. 2001;43:69-76 pubmed
    ..new features are the splitting of the nitrification stage in a two-step process, according to the well known Nitrosomonas-Nitrobacter oxidation sequence, and an improved XPAO dynamics, involved in the anaerobic/aerobic phosphorus ..
  64. Briones A, Okabe S, Umemiya Y, Ramsing N, Reichardt W, Okuyama H. Influence of different cultivars on populations of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in the root environment of rice. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:3067-75 pubmed
    ..based on the ammonium monooxygenase gene (amoA) identified strains related to Nitrosospira multiformis and Nitrosomonas europaea as the predominant AOB in our experimental rice system...
  65. Park H, Lee S, Hwang S. Redundancy analysis demonstration of the relevance of temperature to ammonia-oxidizing bacterial community compositions in a full-scale nitrifying bioreactor treating saline wastewater. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;19:346-50 pubmed
    ..Clone library analysis for the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A gene revealed that AOB belonging to the Nitrosomonas europaea and the N. oligotropha lineages inhabited in the bioreactor...
  66. Reino C, Suárez Ojeda M, Perez J, Carrera J. Kinetic and microbiological characterization of aerobic granules performing partial nitritation of a low-strength wastewater at 10 °C. Water Res. 2016;101:147-156 pubmed publisher
    ..Pyrosequencing analysis showed a high enrichment in AOB (41 and 65% of the population were identified as Nitrosomonas genus on day 98 and 233, respectively) and an effective repression of nitrite oxidizing bacteria in the long-..
  67. Abe T, Ushiki N, Fujitani H, Tsuneda S. A rapid collection of yet unknown ammonia oxidizers in pure culture from activated sludge. Water Res. 2017;108:169-178 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the pure strains isolated in this study revealed a deeply branching and unrecognized lineage and diversity within the genus Nitrosomonas, beyond our expectation.
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    ..The relative abundances of Nitrosomonas, Nitrospira, Paracoccus, Hyphomicrobium, Rhodanobacter, Thauera and Steroidobacter decreased with an increase ..
  69. Fujita M, Tsuji K, Akashi A. Temporal variation in maximum cell-specific nitrification rate. Water Sci Technol. 2010;61:2069-73 pubmed publisher
    ..AOB cell numbers ranged 2.8 x 10(10)-2.3 x 10(11) cell/L. The amoA clone analysis showed that the only Nitrosomonas halophila was responsible for ammonia oxidation over the period. Nitrospira were in the range of 2.6 x 10(9)-2...
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    ..The homotetrameric SuSy from Nitrosomonas europaea (SuSyNe) was immobilized on a glyoxyl agarose support through two different orientations...
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    ..oligotrophic bacterium in IVCW, and the population of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria showed a higher percentage of Nitrosomonas-like sequences from the wetland samples. Uncultured beta proteobacterium, Comamonas sp...
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    ..Together these findings support the hypothesis that nitrification is more prevalent in the marine nitrogen cycle than accounted for in current biogeochemical models. ..
  73. Pal L, Kraigher B, Brajer Humar B, Levstek M, Mandic Mulec I. Total bacterial and ammonia-oxidizer community structure in moving bed biofilm reactors treating municipal wastewater and inorganic synthetic wastewater. Bioresour Technol. 2012;110:135-43 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Nitrosomonas europaea lineage dominated WW, while uncultivated Nitrosomonas-like sequences prevailed in AS bioreactors...
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    ..The predominant functional microorganisms were from Planctomycetes and Nitrosomonas. The excellent performance of GSB-ANR process was ascribed to: (a) The high activities of aerobic ammonia-..
  75. Qin Y, Zhang X, Ren H, Li D, Yang H. Population dynamics of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in an aerated submerged biofilm reactor for micropolluted raw water pretreatment. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008;79:135-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of excised DGGE bands revealed three AOB groups affiliated with the Nitrosomonas oligotropha lineage, Nitrosomonas communis lineage, and an unknown Nitrosomonas group...
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    ..b>Nitrosomonas sp. was found to be dominant species of the AOB community, and Nitrobacter sp. also existed in the system...
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    ..on four described species, Nitrosococcus nitrosus, Nitrosococcus oceani, 'Nitrosococcus halophilus' and 'Nitrosomonas mobilis', of which only N. nitrosus and N. oceani are validly published names and only N...
  79. Li J, Li Y, Qian B, Niu L, Zhang W, Cai W, et al. Development and validation of a bacteria-based index of biotic integrity for assessing the ecological status of urban rivers: A case study of Qinhuai River basin in Nanjing, China. J Environ Manage. 2017;196:161-167 pubmed publisher
    ..evenness index, proportion of Paenibacillus, proportion of OTUs tolerant to organic pollution and proportion of Nitrosomonas. The results showed that the Ba-IBI was able to effectively discriminate different impaired site groups, and ..
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    Cytochrome c554 (cyt c554), a tetra-heme cytochrome from Nitrosomonas europaea, is an essential component in the biological nitrification pathway. In N...
  81. Aakra A, Utåker J, Nes I, Bakken L. An evaluated improvement of the extinction dilution method for isolation of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. J Microbiol Methods. 1999;39:23-31 pubmed
    ..From the cultures with ammonium sulfate, Nitrosomonas spp. were isolated, whereas Nitrosospira spp...
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    ..and biosynthesis processes was used to characterise the maintenance, cell lysis and growth processes of Nitrosomonas sp...
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    ..To study the relationship between the nature of the substratum and the diversity and stability of the ammonia-oxidizing microbial community in a constructed wetland for the treatment of wastewaters...
  85. Ren H, Zhang D, Cong L. [Implement of completely autotrophic nitrogen removal in EGSB reactor and its operation optimization]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2009;30:1454-60 pubmed
    ..According to simulation results, the operation of the reactor was optimized, TN removal efficiency and TN removal rate were increased from 52% to 61% and 0.103 kg x (m3 x d)(-1) to 0.114 kg x (m3 x d)(-1) respectively...
  86. Liu B, Fan H, Yu G, Yu X, Zhao C, Li Q, et al. [Mechanism of NH(4+)-N removal in drinking water biofilter]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2012;33:2394-402 pubmed
    ..bacteria (AOB) in the activated carbon biofilm were classified into three common genera: Nitrosococcus, Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira...
  87. Mußmann M, Ribot M, von Schiller D, Merbt S, Augspurger C, Karwautz C, et al. Colonization of freshwater biofilms by nitrifying bacteria from activated sludge. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;85:104-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Of the diverse nitrifiers present in the WWTPs, only AOB of the Nitrosomonas oligotropha/ureae lineage and NOB of Nitrospira sublineage I colonized the natural biofilms...
  88. Qian G, Hu X, Li L, Ye L, Lv W. Effect of iron ions and electric field on nitrification process in the periodic reversal bio-electrocoagulation system. Bioresour Technol. 2017;244:382-390 pubmed publisher
    ..The dominant bacterial genera in the four SBRs were Hyphomicrobium, Thauera, Nitrobacter, Nitrosomonas, Paracoccus and Hydrogenophaga...
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    ..However, heterotrophic bacteria co-exist with Nitrosomonas and Candidatus Scalindua...
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    ..As test organisms, pure cultures of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter isolated from activated sludge are used...
  91. Uemoto H, Watanabe A, Saitoh S, Kondo T, Matuki Y, Masukawa M, et al. Closed water recirculating system for fish rearing equipped with bioreactor capable of simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. Biol Sci Space. 1999;13:341-7 pubmed
    ..The bioreactor using the plate gels would be effective to simplify the closed system both physically and operationally, since it can remove the ammonia excreted from fish as nitrogen gas by a single step. ..
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    Cells of Nitrosomonas eutropha strain N904 that were denitrifying under anoxic conditions with hydrogen as electron donor and nitrite as electron acceptor were unable to utilize ammonium (ammonia) as an energy source...