bradyrhizobium

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria usually containing granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. They characteristically invade the root hairs of leguminous plants and act as intracellular symbionts.

Top Publications

  1. Bedmar E, Robles E, Delgado M. The complete denitrification pathway of the symbiotic, nitrogen-fixing bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Biochem Soc Trans. 2005;33:141-4 pubmed
    ..In Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the N(2)-fixing microsymbiont of soya beans, denitrification depends on the napEDABC, nirK, norCBQD,..
  2. Mesa S, Reutimann L, Fischer H, Hennecke H. Posttranslational control of transcription factor FixK2, a key regulator for the Bradyrhizobium japonicum-soybean symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:21860-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In the facultative soybean symbiont, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the FixK(2) protein is the key player in a complex regulatory network...
  3. Cytryn E, Sangurdekar D, Streeter J, Franck W, Chang W, Stacey G, et al. Transcriptional and physiological responses of Bradyrhizobium japonicum to desiccation-induced stress. J Bacteriol. 2007;189:6751-62 pubmed
    ..study, we used genome-wide transcriptional analyses to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the response of Bradyrhizobium japonicum to drought...
  4. Lafay B, Burdon J. Molecular diversity of legume root-nodule bacteria in Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e277 pubmed
    ..on temperate parts of the country, where the use of molecular approaches have already revealed the presence of Bradyrhizobium, Ensifer (formerly Sinorhizobium), Mesorhizobium and Rhizobium genera of legume root-nodule bacteria...
  5. Parker M, Kennedy D. Diversity and relationships of bradyrhizobia from legumes native to eastern North America. Can J Microbiol. 2006;52:1148-57 pubmed
    ..reaction (PCR) assays with lineage-specific primers were used to analyze the diversity of 276 isolates of Bradyrhizobium sp...
  6. Saeki Y, Ozumi S, Yamamoto A, Umehara Y, Hayashi M, Sigua G. Changes in population occupancy of Bradyrhizobia under different temperature regimes. Microbes Environ. 2010;25:309-12 pubmed
    To elucidate how temperature affects bradyrhizobial ecology, long-term incubations of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 6(T), 38, and 123 and of Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA 76(T) were conducted under various temperature conditions...
  7. Gilles Gonzalez M, Caceres A, Sousa E, Tomchick D, Brautigam C, Gonzalez C, et al. A proximal arginine R206 participates in switching of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum FixL oxygen sensor. J Mol Biol. 2006;360:80-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed the contributions of this residue in Bradyrhizobium japonicum FixL by determining the effects of an R206A substitution on the heme-PAS structure, ligand affinity, ..
  8. Choma A, Komaniecka I. Straight and branched (?-1)-hydroxylated very long chain fatty acids are components of Bradyrhizobium lipid A. Acta Biochim Pol. 2011;58:51-8 pubmed
    Lipopolysaccharides of seven Bradyrhizobium strains and three whole-cell fatty acid preparations from bacteria isolated from nodules of Sarothamnus scoparius (common broom) were studied for the presence of very long chain (?-1)-hydroxy ..
  9. Fitriyanto N, Fushimi M, Matsunaga M, Pertiwiningrum A, Iwama T, Kawai K. Molecular structure and gene analysis of Ce3+ -induced methanol dehydrogenase of Bradyrhizobium sp. MAFF211645. J Biosci Bioeng. 2011;111:613-7 pubmed publisher
    The molecular structure and nucleotide sequence of Ce(3+)-induced methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) of Bradyrhizobium sp. MAFF211645 were investigated. The addition of 30 ?M Ce(3+) to 1/10 nutrient broth containing 0...

More Information

Publications99

  1. Lin Y, Ferguson B, Kereszt A, Gresshoff P. Suppression of hypernodulation in soybean by a leaf-extracted, NARK- and Nod factor-dependent, low molecular mass fraction. New Phytol. 2010;185:1074-86 pubmed publisher
    ..They also demonstrate that SDI is a small compound with an apparent molecular mass of < 1000 Da and is unlikely to be a protein or an RNA molecule. ..
  2. Risal C, Yokoyama T, Ohkama Ohtsu N, Djedidi S, Sekimoto H. Genetic diversity of native soybean bradyrhizobia from different topographical regions along the southern slopes of the Himalayan Mountains in Nepal. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2010;33:416-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Two lineages were evident in the conserved gene phylogeny; one representing Bradyrhizobium elkanii (71% of isolates), and the other representing Bradyrhizobium japonicum (21%) and Bradyrhizobium ..
  3. Zhu D, Mukherjee C, Yang Y, Rios B, Gallagher D, Smith N, et al. A new nitrilase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110. Gene cloning, biochemical characterization and substrate specificity. J Biotechnol. 2008;133:327-33 pubmed
    A nitrilase gene blr3397 from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 was cloned and over-expressed in Escherichia coli, and the encoded protein was purified to give a nitrilase with a single band of about 34.5kD on SDS-PAGE...
  4. Stepkowski T, Zak M, Moulin L, Króliczak J, Golińska B, Narozna D, et al. Bradyrhizobium canariense and Bradyrhizobium japonicum are the two dominant rhizobium species in root nodules of lupin and serradella plants growing in Europe. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2011;34:368-75 pubmed publisher
    Forty three Bradyrhizobium strains isolated in Poland from root nodules of lupin species (Lupinus albus, L. angustifolius and L...
  5. Subramanian S, Stacey G, Yu O. Endogenous isoflavones are essential for the establishment of symbiosis between soybean and Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Plant J. 2006;48:261-73 pubmed
    ..are essential for nodulation of soybean roots because of their ability to induce the nodulation genes of Bradyrhizobium japonicum...
  6. Stockwell S, Reutimann L, Guerinot M. A role for Bradyrhizobium japonicum ECF16 sigma factor EcfS in the formation of a functional symbiosis with soybean. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2012;25:119-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we describe an ECF16 ? factor, EcfS (Blr4928) from the gram-negative soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110, that plays a critical role in the establishment of a functional symbiosis with soybean...
  7. Germano M, Menna P, Mostasso F, Hungria M. RFLP analysis of the rRNA operon of a Brazilian collection of bradyrhizobial strains from 33 legume species. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:217-29 pubmed
    ..regions of 119 strains belonging to the official Brazilian culture collection of rhizobia and classified as Bradyrhizobium based on morphological and physiological characteristics in vitro were analysed by RFLP-PCR...
  8. Carvalho G, Batista J, Marcelino Guimaraes F, Nascimento L, Hungria M. Transcriptional analysis of genes involved in nodulation in soybean roots inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain CPAC 15. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:153 pubmed publisher
    ..analyzing the global expression of genes in soybean roots of a Brazilian cultivar (Conquista) inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum CPAC 15, a strain broadly used in commercial inoculants in Brazil...
  9. Tsukui T, Eda S, Kaneko T, Sato S, Okazaki S, Kakizaki Chiba K, et al. The type III Secretion System of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 mediates symbiotic incompatibility with Rj2 soybean plants. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:1048-51 pubmed publisher
    The rhcJ and ttsI mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 for the type III protein secretion system (T3SS) failed to secrete typical effector proteins and gained the ability to nodulate Rj2 soybean plants (Hardee), which are ..
  10. Chaloupkova R, Prokop Z, Sato Y, Nagata Y, Damborsky J. Stereoselectivity and conformational stability of haloalkane dehalogenase DbjA from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110: the effect of pH and temperature. FEBS J. 2011;278:2728-38 pubmed publisher
    ..and temperature on structure, stability, activity and enantioselectivity of haloalkane dehalogenase DbjA from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 was investigated in this study...
  11. Barcellos F, Menna P, da Silva Batista J, Hungria M. Evidence of horizontal transfer of symbiotic genes from a Bradyrhizobium japonicum inoculant strain to indigenous diazotrophs Sinorhizobium (Ensifer) fredii and Bradyrhizobium elkanii in a Brazilian Savannah soil. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:2635-43 pubmed
    ..Both soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill) and compatible Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Bradyrhizobium elkanii strains are exotic to Brazil and have been massively introduced in the ..
  12. Han L, Wang E, Lu Y, Zhang Y, Sui X, Chen W, et al. Bradyrhizobium spp. and Sinorhizobium fredii are predominant in root nodules of Vigna angularis, a native legume crop in the subtropical region of China. J Microbiol. 2009;47:287-96 pubmed publisher
    ..These strains were identified as genomic species within Rhizobium, Sinorhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Ochrobactrum. The most abundant groups were Bradyrhizobium species and Sinorhizobium fredii...
  13. Chahboune R, Carro L, Peix A, Barrijal S, Velázquez E, Bedmar E. Bradyrhizobium cytisi sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Cytisus villosus. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:2922-7 pubmed publisher
    ..According to 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the isolates formed a group that was closely related to Bradyrhizobium canariense BTA-1(T) with 99.4% similarity...
  14. Bhatt A, Freeman S, Herrera A, Pedamallu C, Gevers D, Duke F, et al. Sequence-based discovery of Bradyrhizobium enterica in cord colitis syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2013;369:517-28 pubmed publisher
    ..65-Mb draft genome showing a high degree of homology with genomes of bacteria in the bradyrhizobium genus. The corresponding newly discovered bacterium was provisionally named Bradyrhizobium enterica...
  15. Subramanian S, Fu Y, Sunkar R, Barbazuk W, Zhu J, Yu O. Novel and nodulation-regulated microRNAs in soybean roots. BMC Genomics. 2008;9:160 pubmed publisher
    ..Symbiosis between legumes (e.g. soybean) and rhizobia bacteria (e.g. Bradyrhizobium japonicum) results in root nodules where the majority of biological nitrogen fixation occurs...
  16. Kalita M, Małek W. Genista tinctoria microsymbionts from Poland are new members of Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2010;33:252-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Each core gene studied placed the G. tinctoria rhizobia in the genus Bradyrhizobium cluster with unequivocal bootstrap support. G...
  17. Rudolph G, Semini G, Hauser F, Lindemann A, Friberg M, Hennecke H, et al. The Iron control element, acting in positive and negative control of iron-regulated Bradyrhizobium japonicum genes, is a target for the Irr protein. J Bacteriol. 2006;188:733-44 pubmed
    b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the nitrogen-fixing soybean symbiont, possesses a heme uptake system encoded by the gene cluster hmuVUT-hmuR-exbBD-tonB...
  18. Hauser F, Lindemann A, Vuilleumier S, Patrignani A, Schlapbach R, Fischer H, et al. Design and validation of a partial-genome microarray for transcriptional profiling of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum symbiotic gene region. Mol Genet Genomics. 2006;275:55-67 pubmed
    The design and use of a pilot microarray for transcriptome analysis of the symbiotic, nitrogen-fixing Bradyrhizobium japonicum is reported here...
  19. Bueno E, Bedmar E, Richardson D, Delgado M. Role of Bradyrhizobium japonicum cytochrome c550 in nitrite and nitrate respiration. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008;279:188-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum cytochrome c(550), encoded by cycA, has been previously suggested to play a role in denitrification, the respiratory reduction of nitrate to dinitrogen...
  20. Ishihara H, Koriyama H, Osawa A, Zehirov G, Yamaura M, Kucho K, et al. Characteristics of bacteroids in indeterminate nodules of the leguminous tree Leucaena glauca. Microbes Environ. 2011;26:156-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that bacteroid differentiation in L. glauca is different from that in IRLC legumes although both hosts form indeterminate nodules. ..
  21. Wenzel M, Friedrich L, Göttfert M, Zehner S. The type III-secreted protein NopE1 affects symbiosis and exhibits a calcium-dependent autocleavage activity. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:124-9 pubmed publisher
    The type III-secreted proteins NopE1 and NopE2 of Bradyrhizobium japonicum contain a repeated domain of unknown function (DUF1521), which is present in a few uncharacterized proteins...
  22. Lang K, Lindemann A, Hauser F, Göttfert M. The genistein stimulon of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Mol Genet Genomics. 2008;279:203-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the genome-wide transcriptional response of Bradyrhizobium japonicum to genistein, an isoflavone secreted by soybean. About 100 genes were induced in the wild type...
  23. Kumar D, Yadav A, Kadimi P, Nagaraj S, Grimmond S, Dash D. Proteogenomic analysis of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 using GenoSuite, an automated multi-algorithmic pipeline. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2013;12:3388-97 pubmed publisher
    ..To demonstrate the effectiveness of GenoSuite, we analyzed proteomics data of Bradyrhizobium japonicum (USDA110), a model organism to study agriculturally important rhizobium-legume symbiosis...
  24. Sugawara M, Sadowsky M. Influence of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide on transcriptional responses of Bradyrhizobium japonicum in the soybean rhizoplane. Microbes Environ. 2013;28:217-27 pubmed
    ..In these studies we investigated the transcriptional responses of Bradyrhizobium japonicum cells growing in the rhizoplane of soybean plants exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2...
  25. Puri S, O Brian M. The hmuQ and hmuD genes from Bradyrhizobium japonicum encode heme-degrading enzymes. J Bacteriol. 2006;188:6476-82 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum can use heme as an iron source, but no heme-degrading oxygenase has been described...
  26. Reutimann L, Mesa S, Hennecke H. Autoregulation of fixK(2) gene expression in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Mol Genet Genomics. 2010;284:25-32 pubmed publisher
    Several essential Bradyrhizobium japonicum genes for a symbiotic, nitrogen-fixing root-nodule symbiosis are positively controlled under micro-oxic conditions by the FixLJ-FixK(2) regulatory cascade...
  27. Stepkowski T, Moulin L, Krzyzańska A, McInnes A, Law I, Howieson J. European origin of Bradyrhizobium populations infecting lupins and serradella in soils of Western Australia and South Africa. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:7041-52 pubmed
    We applied a multilocus phylogenetic approach to elucidate the origin of serradella and lupin Bradyrhizobium strains that persist in soils of Western Australia and South Africa...
  28. Yokoyama T. Flavonoid-responsive nodY-lacZ expression in three phylogenetically different Bradyrhizobium groups. Can J Microbiol. 2008;54:401-10 pubmed publisher
    ..analysis using the nodD1YABC gene probe showed the genetic diversity of common nodD1ABC gene regions of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Bradyrhizobium elkanii, and the Thai soybean Bradyrhizobium...
  29. Zhu D, Mukherjee C, Biehl E, Hua L. Discovery of a mandelonitrile hydrolase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 by rational genome mining. J Biotechnol. 2007;129:645-50 pubmed publisher
    A mandelonitrile hydrolase bll6402 from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 was predicted by rational genome mining, i.e...
  30. Delamuta J, Ribeiro R, Ormeño Orrillo E, Melo I, Martinez Romero E, Hungria M. Polyphasic evidence supporting the reclassification of Bradyrhizobium japonicum group Ia strains as Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013;63:3342-51 pubmed publisher
    b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum was described from soybean root-nodule bacterial isolates. Since its description, several studies have revealed heterogeneities among rhizobia assigned to this species. Strains assigned to B...
  31. Menna P, Hungria M. Phylogeny of nodulation and nitrogen-fixation genes in Bradyrhizobium: supporting evidence for the theory of monophyletic origin, and spread and maintenance by both horizontal and vertical transfer. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:3052-67 pubmed publisher
    Bacteria belonging to the genus Bradyrhizobium are capable of establishing symbiotic relationships with a broad range of plants belonging to the three subfamilies of the family Leguminosae (=Fabaceae), with the formation of specialized ..
  32. Ramírez Bahena M, Peix A, Rivas R, Camacho M, Rodríguez Navarro D, Mateos P, et al. Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:1929-34 pubmed publisher
    ..These novel strains formed two groups closely related to Bradyrhizobium elkanii according to their 16S rRNA gene sequences...
  33. Djordjevic M, Oakes M, Li D, Hwang C, Hocart C, Gresshoff P. The glycine max xylem sap and apoplast proteome. J Proteome Res. 2007;6:3771-9 pubmed
    ..We examined soybeans for the presence of a Bradyrhizobium japonicum-induced, long distance developmental signal that controls autoregulation of nodulation (AON) to ..
  34. Ehinger M, Mohr T, Starcevich J, Sachs J, Porter S, Simms E. Specialization-generalization trade-off in a Bradyrhizobium symbiosis with wild legume hosts. BMC Ecol. 2014;14:8 pubmed publisher
    ..bicolor and A. strigosus) to nodulate (fundamental partner richness), benefit from (response specificity), and provide benefit to (effect specificity) 31 Bradyrhizobium genotypes.
  35. Sugawara M, Shah G, Sadowsky M, Paliy O, Speck J, Vail A, et al. Expression and functional roles of Bradyrhizobium japonicum genes involved in the utilization of inorganic and organic sulfur compounds in free-living and symbiotic conditions. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011;24:451-7 pubmed publisher
    Strains of Bradyrhizobium spp. form nitrogen-fixing symbioses with many legumes, including soybean...
  36. Yang S, Tang F, Gao M, Krishnan H, Zhu H. R gene-controlled host specificity in the legume-rhizobia symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:18735-40 pubmed publisher
    ..the positional cloning of two soybean genes Rj2 and Rfg1 that restrict nodulation with specific strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Sinorhizobium fredii, respectively...
  37. Bonaldi K, Gourion B, Fardoux J, Hannibal L, Cartieaux F, Boursot M, et al. Large-scale transposon mutagenesis of photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278 reveals new genetic loci putatively important for nod-independent symbiosis with Aeschynomene indica. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:760-70 pubmed publisher
    Photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium strains possess the unusual ability to form nitrogen-fixing nodules on a specific group of legumes in the absence of Nod factors...
  38. van Berkum P, Elia P, Song Q, Eardly B. Development and application of a multilocus sequence analysis method for the identification of genotypes within genus Bradyrhizobium and for establishing nodule occupancy of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr). Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2012;25:321-30 pubmed publisher
    ..allelic variation of seven chromosomal loci was developed for characterizing genotypes (GT) within the genus Bradyrhizobium. With the method, 29 distinct multilocus GT were identified among 190 culture collection soybean strains...
  39. da Silva Batista J, Hungria M. Proteomics reveals differential expression of proteins related to a variety of metabolic pathways by genistein-induced Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains. J Proteomics. 2012;75:1211-9 pubmed publisher
    ..to be broader than the induction of nodulation genes, we aimed at characterizing genistein-induced proteins of Bradyrhizobium japonicum CPAC 15 (=SEMIA 5079), used in commercial soybean inoculants in Brazil, and of two genetically ..
  40. Mesa S, Ucurum Z, Hennecke H, Fischer H. Transcription activation in vitro by the Bradyrhizobium japonicum regulatory protein FixK2. J Bacteriol. 2005;187:3329-38 pubmed
    In Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the N2-fixing root nodule endosymbiont of soybean, a group of genes required for microaerobic, anaerobic, or symbiotic growth is controlled by FixK2, a key regulator that is part of the FixLJ-FixK2 cascade...
  41. Streeter J. Factors affecting the survival of Bradyrhizobium applied in liquid cultures to soya bean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] seeds. J Appl Microbiol. 2007;103:1282-90 pubmed
    To determine the impact of medium composition, bacterial strain, trehalose accumulation, and relative humidity during seed storage on the survival of Bradyrhizobium japonicum on soya bean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] seeds.
  42. Wei M, Yokoyama T, Minamisawa K, Mitsui H, Itakura M, Kaneko T, et al. Soybean seed extracts preferentially express genomic loci of Bradyrhizobium japonicum in the initial interaction with soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr. DNA Res. 2008;15:201-14 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the global expression profiles of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110 in response to soybean (Glycine max) seed extracts (SSE) and genistein, a major soybean-..
  43. Kinkema M, Gresshoff P. Investigation of downstream signals of the soybean autoregulation of nodulation receptor kinase GmNARK. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2008;21:1337-48 pubmed publisher
    ..biosynthesis as well as JA-response genes were regulated systemically but not locally by root inoculation with Bradyrhizobium japonicum...
  44. Chang W, Franck W, Cytryn E, Jeong S, Joshi T, Emerich D, et al. An oligonucleotide microarray resource for transcriptional profiling of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2007;20:1298-307 pubmed
    ..70-mer oligonucleotides, representing 8,453 open reading frames (ORFs), was constructed based on the Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain USDA110 genomic sequence...
  45. Inaba S, Ikenishi F, Itakura M, Kikuchi M, Eda S, Chiba N, et al. N(2)O emission from degraded soybean nodules depends on denitrification by Bradyrhizobium japonicum and other microbes in the rhizosphere. Microbes Environ. 2012;27:470-6 pubmed
    ..Soybean plants inoculated with nosZ-defective strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 (?nosZ, lacking N(2)O reductase) were grown in aseptic jars...
  46. Meakin G, Jepson B, Richardson D, Bedmar E, Delgado M. The role of Bradyrhizobium japonicum nitric oxide reductase in nitric oxide detoxification in soya bean root nodules. Biochem Soc Trans. 2006;34:195-6 pubmed
    The identification of nitric oxide-bound leghaemoglobin within soya bean nodules has led to the question of how Bradyrhizobium japonicum bacteroids overcome the toxicity of this nitric oxide...
  47. Giraud E, Moulin L, Vallenet D, Barbe V, Cytryn E, Avarre J, et al. Legumes symbioses: absence of Nod genes in photosynthetic bradyrhizobia. Science. 2007;316:1307-12 pubmed
    ..Here we show by complete genome sequencing of two symbiotic, photosynthetic, Bradyrhizobium strains, BTAi1 and ORS278, that canonical nodABC genes and typical lipochito-oligosaccharidic Nod factors are ..
  48. Brechenmacher L, Lei Z, Libault M, Findley S, Sugawara M, Sadowsky M, et al. Soybean metabolites regulated in root hairs in response to the symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Plant Physiol. 2010;153:1808-22 pubmed publisher
    Nodulation of soybean (Glycine max) root hairs by the nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum is a complex process coordinated by the mutual exchange of diffusible signal molecules...
  49. Nordlund H, Hytönen V, Laitinen O, Kulomaa M. Novel avidin-like protein from a root nodule symbiotic bacterium, Bradyrhizobium japonicum. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:13250-5 pubmed
    b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum is an important nitrogenfixing symbiotic bacterium, which can form root nodules on soybeans...
  50. Masuda S, Eda S, Ikeda S, Mitsui H, Minamisawa K. Thiosulfate-dependent chemolithoautotrophic growth of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:2402-9 pubmed publisher
    Thiosulfate-oxidizing sox gene homologues were found at four loci (I, II, III, and IV) on the genome of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110, a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium in soil. In fact, B...
  51. Kwon S, Park J, Kim J, Kang J, Cho Y, Lim C, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of the genera Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium on the basis of 16S rRNA gene and internally transcribed spacer region sequences. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:263-70 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic relationships between these Korean isolates and reference strains of the genera Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium were analysed using their 16S rRNA gene and internally transcribed ..
  52. Torres A, Kaschuk G, Saridakis G, Hungria M. Genetic variability in Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains nodulating soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;28:1831-5 pubmed publisher
    ..mainly on symbiotic N(2) fixation, thanks to the selection and use in inoculants of very effective strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Bradyrhizobium elkanii...
  53. Muñoz V, Ibáñez F, Tonelli M, Valetti L, Anzuay M, Fabra A. Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of native peanut Bradyrhizobium isolates obtained from Córdoba, Argentina. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2011;34:446-52 pubmed publisher
    Peanut is an economically important legume nodulated by slow-growing bacteria of the genus Bradyrhizobium. In this study, a collection of native slow-growing peanut rhizobial isolates from Argentina was obtained and characterized...
  54. Zawoznik M, Tomaro M. Effect of chlorimuron-ethyl on Bradyrhizobium japonicum and its symbiosis with soybean. Pest Manag Sci. 2005;61:1003-8 pubmed
    Possible side-effects of the acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicide chlorimuron-ethyl on Bradyrhizobium japonicum (Kirchner & Jordan) in pure culture and on inoculated soybean plants growing under controlled conditions were ..
  55. Donati A, Jeon J, Sangurdekar D, So J, Chang W. Genome-wide transcriptional and physiological responses of Bradyrhizobium japonicum to paraquat-mediated oxidative stress. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:3633-43 pubmed publisher
    The rhizobial bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum functions as a nitrogen-fixing symbiont of the soybean plant (Glycine max)...
  56. Itakura M, Tabata K, Eda S, Mitsui H, Murakami K, Yasuda J, et al. Generation of Bradyrhizobium japonicum mutants with increased N2O reductase activity by selection after introduction of a mutated dnaQ gene. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:7258-64 pubmed publisher
    We obtained two beneficial mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 with increased nitrous oxide (N(2)O) reductase (N(2)OR) activity by introducing a plasmid containing a mutated B...
  57. Chang W, Park K, Koh S, So J. Characterization of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum galE gene: its impact on lipopolysaccharide profile and nodulation of soybean. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2008;280:242-9 pubmed publisher
    The galE gene from Bradyrhizobium japonicum 61A101C, a soybean endosymbiont, was cloned and characterized. Its deduced amino-acid sequence showed a high similarity with that of other rhizobia...
  58. Chang Y, Wang J, Wang E, Liu H, Sui X, Chen W. Bradyrhizobium lablabi sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Lablab purpureus and Arachis hypogaea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:2496-502 pubmed publisher
    ..and Arachis hypogaea grown in the Anhui and Sichuan provinces of China were classified as members of the genus Bradyrhizobium. These strains had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences which shared 99.48?%, 99.48?% and 99...
  59. Helppolainen S, Määttä J, Halling K, Slotte J, Hytönen V, Jänis J, et al. Bradavidin II from Bradyrhizobium japonicum: a new avidin-like biotin-binding protein. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008;1784:1002-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Structural elements of bradavidin II such as an interface residue pattern or biotin contact residues could be used as such or transferred to engineered avidin forms to improve or create new tools for biotechnological applications...
  60. Li X, Sato T, Ooiwa Y, Kusumi A, Gu J, Katayama Y. Oxidation of elemental sulfur by Fusarium solani strain THIF01 harboring endobacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. Microb Ecol. 2010;60:96-104 pubmed publisher
    ..16S rRNA gene and analyses of full 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated strain THIF01 harbors an endobacterium Bradyrhizobium sp.; however, involvement of the bacterium in the sulfur oxidation is still unclear...
  61. Lindemann A, Moser A, Pessi G, Hauser F, Friberg M, Hennecke H, et al. New target genes controlled by the Bradyrhizobium japonicum two-component regulatory system RegSR. J Bacteriol. 2007;189:8928-43 pubmed
    ..The controlled target genes feature an enormous functional diversity. In Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the facultative root nodule symbiont of soybean, RegSR activate the transcription of the nitrogen ..
  62. Islam M, Kawasaki H, Muramatsu Y, Nakagawa Y, Seki T. Bradyrhizobium iriomotense sp. nov., isolated from a tumor-like root of the legume Entada koshunensis from Iriomote Island in Japan. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2008;72:1416-29 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene showed that the strain belongs to the genus Bradyrhizobium. Subsequent multilocus sequence analysis with ITS, glnII, recA, gyrB, and atpD sequences revealed that the ..
  63. Lee H, Lee J, Park K, Sangurdekar D, Chang W. Effect of soybean coumestrol on Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodulation ability, biofilm formation, and transcriptional profile. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:2896-903 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, its effect on the soybean nodulation was tested. The soybean symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 pretreated with 20 ?M coumestrol enhanced soybean nodulation by increasing the number of ..
  64. Yang J, Panek H, O Brian M. Oxidative stress promotes degradation of the Irr protein to regulate haem biosynthesis in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Mol Microbiol. 2006;60:209-18 pubmed publisher
    ..In the bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum, expression of the gene encoding the haem biosynthesis enzyme delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (..
  65. Fotiadis C, Dimou M, Georgakopoulos D, Katinakis P, Tampakaki A. Functional characterization of NopT1 and NopT2, two type III effectors of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2012;327:66-77 pubmed publisher
    NopT1 and NopT2, putative type III effectors from the plant symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum, are predicted to belong to a family of YopT/AvrPphB effectors, which are cysteine proteases...
  66. Robles E, Sanchez C, Bonnard N, Delgado M, Bedmar E. The Bradyrhizobium japonicum napEDABC genes are controlled by the FixLJ-FixK(2)-NnrR regulatory cascade. Biochem Soc Trans. 2006;34:108-10 pubmed
    Nitrate respiration by the N(2)-fixing symbiotic bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 is mediated by a Nap (periplasmic nitrate reductase) encoded by the napEDABC genes...
  67. Sarma A, Emerich D. Global protein expression pattern of Bradyrhizobium japonicum bacteroids: a prelude to functional proteomics. Proteomics. 2005;5:4170-84 pubmed
    ..understanding the process of symbiotic nitrogen fixation between the legume soybean and the soil bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum, we examined the total protein expression pattern of the nodule bacteria, often referred to as ..
  68. Delmotte N, Ahrens C, Knief C, Qeli E, Koch M, Fischer H, et al. An integrated proteomics and transcriptomics reference data set provides new insights into the Bradyrhizobium japonicum bacteroid metabolism in soybean root nodules. Proteomics. 2010;10:1391-400 pubmed publisher
    b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum, a gram-negative soil bacterium that establishes an N(2)-fixing symbiosis with its legume host soybean (Glycine max), has been used as a symbiosis model system...
  69. Hacker S, Gödeke J, Lindemann A, Mesa S, Pessi G, Narberhaus F. Global consequences of phosphatidylcholine reduction in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Mol Genet Genomics. 2008;280:59-72 pubmed publisher
    ..required for pathogenic and symbiotic plant-microbe interactions, as shown for Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Bradyrhizobium japonicum, respectively...
  70. Shiro S, Matsuura S, Saiki R, Sigua G, Yamamoto A, Umehara Y, et al. Genetic diversity and geographical distribution of indigenous soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia in the United States. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:3610-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of PCR amplicons to target the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region, using 11 USDA Bradyrhizobium strains as reference strains...
  71. Silipo A, Leone M, Erbs G, Lanzetta R, Parrilli M, Chang W, et al. A unique bicyclic monosaccharide from the Bradyrhizobium lipopolysaccharide and its role in the molecular interaction with plants. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2011;50:12610-2 pubmed publisher
    Sugar coat: The nitrogen-fixing soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. BTAi1 is coated with a unique lipopolysaccharide that does not induce innate immune responses in its host plant Aeschynomene indica or in different plant families...
  72. Sugawara M, Haramaki R, Nonaka S, Ezura H, Okazaki S, Eda S, et al. Rhizobitoxine production in Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58 by Bradyrhizobium elkanii rtxACDEFG genes. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;269:29-35 pubmed
    ..for production of rhizobitoxine, an inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis in plants, directed by the rtx genes of Bradyrhizobium elkanii...
  73. Morrone D, Chambers J, Lowry L, Kim G, Anterola A, Bender K, et al. Gibberellin biosynthesis in bacteria: separate ent-copalyl diphosphate and ent-kaurene synthases in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. FEBS Lett. 2009;583:475-80 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrate here that Bradyrhizobium japonicum encodes separate ent-copalyl diphosphate and ent-kaurene synthases...
  74. Ormeño Orrillo E, Rogel Hernández M, Lloret L, López López A, Martinez J, Barois I, et al. Change in land use alters the diversity and composition of Bradyrhizobium communities and led to the introduction of Rhizobium etli into the tropical rain forest of Los Tuxtlas (Mexico). Microb Ecol. 2012;63:822-34 pubmed publisher
    Nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the Bradyrhizobium genus are major symbionts of legume plants in American tropical forests, but little is known about the effects of deforestation and change in land use on their diversity and community ..
  75. Sugawara M, Cytryn E, Sadowsky M. Functional role of Bradyrhizobium japonicum trehalose biosynthesis and metabolism genes during physiological stress and nodulation. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:1071-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies reported that the trehalose biosynthetic genes (otsA, treS, and treY) in Bradyrhizobium japonicum were induced by salinity and desiccation stresses...
  76. Hauser F, Pessi G, Friberg M, Weber C, Rusca N, Lindemann A, et al. Dissection of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum NifA+sigma54 regulon, and identification of a ferredoxin gene (fdxN) for symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Mol Genet Genomics. 2007;278:255-71 pubmed publisher
    ..network for expression control of symbiotic and accessory genes in the nitrogen-fixing soybean symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum...
  77. Song D, Zhu S, Li X, Zheng G. Homology modeling and docking studies of BjGL, a novel (+) gamma-lactamase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum. J Mol Graph Model. 2014;47:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..and molecular dynamic simulation studies of a 3D homology model of BjGL, a novel (+) gamma-lactamase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum, were constructed and refined...
  78. Nguyen T, Brechenmacher L, Aldrich J, Clauss T, Gritsenko M, Hixson K, et al. Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of soybean root hairs inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2012;11:1140-55 pubmed publisher
    ..derived from root hairs and stripped roots, mock inoculated or inoculated with the soybean-specific rhizobium Bradyrhizobium japonicum, were labeled with the isobaric tag eight-plex iTRAQ, enriched using Ni-NTA magnetic beads and ..
  79. Hohle T, O Brian M. The mntH gene encodes the major Mn(2+) transporter in Bradyrhizobium japonicum and is regulated by manganese via the Fur protein. Mol Microbiol. 2009;72:399-409 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we identify the mntH homologue of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, and demonstrate that it is essential for Mn(2+) transport and for maintenance of cellular manganese ..
  80. Stepkowski T, Hughes C, Law I, Markiewicz u, Gurda D, Chlebicka A, et al. Diversification of lupine Bradyrhizobium strains: evidence from nodulation gene trees. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:3254-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Bradyrhizobium strains isolated in Europe from Genisteae and serradella legumes form a distinct lineage, designated clade II, on nodulation gene trees...
  81. Zhu S, Gong C, Song D, Gao S, Zheng G. Discovery of a novel (+)-?-lactamase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 6 by rational genome mining. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:7492-5 pubmed
    A novel (+)-?-lactamase used for the resolution of racemic ?-lactam from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 6 was found as a result of sequence-structure guided genome mining...
  82. Sachs J, Russell J, Hollowell A. Evolutionary instability of symbiotic function in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e26370 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigate the evolutionary erosion of symbiotic traits in Bradyrhizobium japonicum, a nodulating root symbiont of legumes...
  83. Stoczko M, Frere J, Rossolini G, Docquier J. Postgenomic scan of metallo-beta-lactamase homologues in rhizobacteria: identification and characterization of BJP-1, a subclass B3 ortholog from Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006;50:1973-81 pubmed
    ..Among their products, one (blr6230) encoded by the Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 genome, named BJP-1, hydrolyzed beta-lactams when expressed in E. coli...
  84. Streeter J, Gomez M. Three enzymes for trehalose synthesis in Bradyrhizobium cultured bacteria and in bacteroids from soybean nodules. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:4250-5 pubmed
    ..Cultured Bradyrhizobium japonicum and B...
  85. Sudtachat N, Ito N, Itakura M, Masuda S, Eda S, Mitsui H, et al. Aerobic vanillate degradation and C1 compound metabolism in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:5012-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Bradyrhizobium japonicum, a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing soil bacterium, has multiple gene copies for aromatic degradation on the genome and is able to use low concentrations of vanillate, a methoxylated lignin monomer, as an energy source...
  86. Lee Y, Jeong S, In Y, Kim K, So J, Chang W. Lack of O-polysaccharide enhances biofilm formation by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2010;50:452-6 pubmed publisher
    To reveal the effects of the O-polysaccharide antigen of Bradyrhizobium japonicum LPS on biofilm formation and motility.
  87. Bogino P, Banchio E, Giordano W. Molecular diversity of peanut-nodulating rhizobia in soils of Argentina. J Basic Microbiol. 2010;50:274-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence grouped peanut-nodulating strains into two clusters, Bradyrhizobium japonicum vs. B. elkanii, and showed divergence among strains positive for RSalpha sequence...
  88. Sameshima Saito R, Chiba K, Hirayama J, Itakura M, Mitsui H, Eda S, et al. Symbiotic Bradyrhizobium japonicum reduces N2O surrounding the soybean root system via nitrous oxide reductase. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:2526-32 pubmed publisher
    N(2)O reductase activity in soybean nodules formed with Bradyrhizobium japonicum was evaluated from N(2)O uptake and conversion of (15)N-N(2)O into (15)N-N(2)...
  89. Ramírez Bahena M, Chahboune R, Velázquez E, Gómez Moriano A, Mora E, Peix A, et al. Centrosema is a promiscuous legume nodulated by several new putative species and symbiovars of Bradyrhizobium in various American countries. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2013;36:392-400 pubmed publisher
    ..the strains nodulating Centrosema in American countries were closely related to different species of the genus Bradyrhizobium. However, the analysis of the atpD and recA genes, as well as the 16S-23S ITS region, showed that they formed ..
  90. Bueno E, Mesa S, Sanchez C, Bedmar E, Delgado M. NifA is required for maximal expression of denitrification genes in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Environ Microbiol. 2010;12:393-400 pubmed publisher
    In Bradyrhizobium japonicum the napEDABC, nirK, norCBQD and nosRZDYFLX genes, which encode reductases for nitrate, nitrite, nitric oxide and nitrous oxide, respectively, are required for denitrification...