taylorella equigenitalis

Summary

Summary: A species of bacteria which is comprised of gram-negative rods which often approach a spherical shape. They are nonmotile and microaerophilic. They are considered parasites of horses and are pathogenic for mares. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Matsuda M, Moore J. Recent advances in molecular epidemiology and detection of Taylorella equigenitalis associated with contagious equine metritis (CEM). Vet Microbiol. 2003;97:111-22 pubmed
    In the present review article, recent molecular advances relating to studies with Taylorella equigenitalis, as well as the recently described second species of the genus Taylorella, namely Taylorella asinigenitalis, have been described...
  2. Båverud V, Nystrom C, Johansson K. Isolation and identification of Taylorella asinigenitalis from the genital tract of a stallion, first case of a natural infection. Vet Microbiol. 2006;116:294-300 pubmed
    Contagious equine metritis (CEM), caused by Taylorella equigenitalis, is a widely known highly contagious genital equine disease that is transmitted venereally. A new bacterium, Taylorella asinigenitalis resembling T...
  3. Katz J, Evans L, Hutto D, Schroeder Tucker L, Carew A, Donahue J, et al. Clinical, bacteriologic, serologic, and pathologic features of infections with atypical Taylorella equigenitalis in mares. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000;216:1945-8 pubmed
    To characterize clinical, serologic, bacteriologic, cytologic, and pathologic endometrial responses of mares to 2 donkey-origin atypical bacterial isolates resembling Taylorella equigenitalis.
  4. Hébert L, Moumen B, Duquesne F, Breuil M, Laugier C, Batto J, et al. Genome sequence of Taylorella equigenitalis MCE9, the causative agent of contagious equine metritis. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:1785 pubmed publisher
    b>Taylorella equigenitalis is the causative agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM), a sexually transmitted infection of horses. We herein report the genome sequence of T...
  5. Jang S, Donahue J, Arata A, Goris J, Hansen L, Earley D, et al. Taylorella asinigenitalis sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from the genital tract of male donkeys (Equus asinus). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:971-6 pubmed
    Three bacterial isolates that were phenotypically indistinguishable from Taylorella equigenitalis were obtained from the urethral fossae of three male donkeys (Equus asinus), one located in the state of California and the other two in the ..
  6. Kagawa S, Nagano Y, Tazumi A, Murayama O, Millar B, Moore J, et al. Nucleotide sequencing and analysis of 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA internal spacer region (ISR) of Taylorella equigenitalis, as an important pathogen for contagious equine metritis (CEM). Vet Res Commun. 2006;30:343-55 pubmed
    The primer set for 16S rDNA amplified an amplicon of about 1500 bp in length for three strains of Taylorella equigenitalis (NCTC11184(T), Kentucky188 and EQ59)...
  7. Matsuda M, Tazumi A, Kagawa S, Sekizuka T, Murayama O, Moore J, et al. Homogeneity of the 16S rDNA sequence among geographically disparate isolates of Taylorella equigenitalis. BMC Vet Res. 2006;2:1 pubmed
    At present, six accessible sequences of 16S rDNA from Taylorella equigenitalis (T. equigenitalis) are available, whose sequence differences occur at a few nucleotide positions...
  8. Wakeley P, Errington J, Hannon S, Roest H, Carson T, Hunt B, et al. Development of a real time PCR for the detection of Taylorella equigenitalis directly from genital swabs and discrimination from Taylorella asinigenitalis. Vet Microbiol. 2006;118:247-54 pubmed
    A discriminatory real time PCR for the detection of Taylorella equigenitalis, the causative agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM), and the related species T. asinigenitalis was developed for the direct examination of genital swabs...
  9. Brooks B, Lutze Wallace C, MacLean L, Vinogradov E, Perry M. Identification and differentiation of Taylorella equigenitalis and Taylorella asinigenitalis by lipopolysaccharide O-antigen serology using monoclonal antibodies. Can J Vet Res. 2010;74:18-24 pubmed
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from Taylorella equigenitalis, the causative agent of contagious equine metritis, and T. asinigenitalis were compared by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...

More Information

Publications44

  1. Duquesne F, Pronost S, Laugier C, Petry S. Identification of Taylorella equigenitalis responsible for contagious equine metritis in equine genital swabs by direct polymerase chain reaction. Res Vet Sci. 2007;82:47-9 pubmed
    A direct-PCR assay was developed for the rapid detection of Taylorella equigenitalis, a Gram-negative bacterium responsible for contagious equine metritis (CEM) in Equidae...
  2. Kagawa S, Moore J, Murayama O, Matsuda M. Comparison of the value of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, random amplified polymorphic DNA and amplified rDNA restriction analysis for subtyping Taylorella equigenitalis. Vet Res Commun. 2001;25:261-9 pubmed
    Eight strains of Taylorella equigenitalis were identified by a polymerase chain reaction using a primer pair specific to the 16S rDNA of T equigenitalis...
  3. May C, Schulman M, Howell P, Lourens C, Gouws J, Joone C, et al. Draft Genome Sequence of Taylorella equigenitalis Strain ERC_G2224 Isolated from the Semen of a Lipizzaner Stallion in South Africa. Genome Announc. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    b>Taylorella equigenitalis is the causative agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM), a sexually transmitted infection of horses. We report here the genome sequence of T...
  4. Sting R, Seeh C, Mauder N, Maurer M, Loncaric I, Stessl B, et al. Genotyping of German and Austrian Taylorella equigenitalis isolates using repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) PCR and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Res Vet Sci. 2016;109:101-106 pubmed publisher
    ..equigenitalis and T. asinigenitalis isolates that should be differentiated in detail by genotyping using PFGE. ..
  5. Cooke G, Parker J. Screening for the CEM organism. Vet Rec. 2003;152:442 pubmed
  6. Schulman M, May C, Keys B, Guthrie A. Contagious equine metritis: artificial reproduction changes the epidemiologic paradigm. Vet Microbiol. 2013;167:2-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of carriers is based on traditional bacteriology from genital swabs and despite limitations inherent to Taylorella equigenitalis is currently the gold standard applied in all international trade and movement protocols...
  7. Jackson G, Carson T, Heath P, Cooke G. CEMO in a UK stallion. Vet Rec. 2002;151:582 pubmed
  8. Zdovc I, Ocepek M, Gruntar I, Pate M, Klobucar I, Krt B. Prevalence of Taylorella equigenitalis infection in stallions in Slovenia: bacteriology compared with PCR examination. Equine Vet J. 2005;37:217-21 pubmed
    The prevalence of Taylorella equigenitalis infection in Slovenia is unknown and methods used to refine identification in these stallions are required.
  9. Anzai T, Kamada M, Niwa H, Eguchi M, Nishi H. Contagious equine metritis eradicated from Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2012;74:519-22 pubmed
    ..To eradicate CEM, we ran a program aimed at detecting Taylorella equigenitalis, the causal agent, in carrier horses by using the PCR test, followed by culling or treatment...
  10. Kagawa S, Klein F, Corboz L, Moore J, Murayama O, Matsuda M. Demonstration of heterogeneous genotypes of Taylorella equigenitalis isolated from horses in six European countries by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Vet Res Commun. 2001;25:565-75 pubmed
    Forty-six isolates of Taylorella equigenitalis were analysed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) after separate digestion of the genomic DNA with ApaI and with NotI...
  11. Aalsburg A, Erdman M. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis genotyping of Taylorella equigenitalis isolates collected in the United States from 1978 to 2010. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:829-33 pubmed publisher
    b>Taylorella equigenitalis is the etiologic agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM), a venereal disease of horses. A total of 82 strains of T...
  12. Arata A, Cooke C, Jang S, Hirsh D. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction for distinguishing Taylorella equigenitalis from Taylorella equigenitalis-like organisms. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2001;13:263-4 pubmed
    It is difficult to distinguish isolates of Taylorella equigenitalis, the cause of contagious equine metritis, from a T. equigenitalis-like organism isolated from asymptomatic donkeys and horses. Although T...
  13. Anzai T, Eguchi M, Sekizaki T, Kamada M, Yamamoto K, Okuda T. Development of a PCR test for rapid diagnosis of contagious equine metritis. J Vet Med Sci. 1999;61:1287-92 pubmed
    ..Species-specific PCR primer sets were derived from the DNA sequence of a cloned DNA fragment of Taylorella equigenitalis that did not hybridize with the genome of a taxomonically related species, Oligella urethralis...
  14. Jackson G, Heath P. Survey for Taylorella species in the UK. Vet Rec. 2006;159:823-4 pubmed
  15. Katz J, Geer P. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the convenient serodiagnosis of contagious equine metritis in mares. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2001;13:87-8 pubmed
    ..for the serodiagnosis of contagious equine metritis (CEM), a sexually transmitted disease caused by Taylorella equigenitalis. Antigen preparation was simple, and antigens derived from both classical and atypical forms of T...
  16. Breuil M, Duquesne F, Sevin C, Laugier C, Petry S. Indirect immunofluorescence test using polyclonal antibodies for the detection of Taylorella equigenitalis. Res Vet Sci. 2010;88:369-71 pubmed publisher
    Contagious equine metritis is a horse disease that causes endometrial inflammation due to Taylorella equigenitalis. Since Taylorella asinigenitalis was characterized, genital swab culture has proved to be an insufficient method for ..
  17. Vinogradov E, MacLean L, Brooks B, Lutze Wallace C, Perry M. The structure of the polysaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide produced by Taylorella equigenitalis type strain (ATCC 35865). Carbohydr Res. 2008;343:3079-84 pubmed publisher
    b>Taylorella equigenitalis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes venereally transmitted contagious equine metritis (CEM), and its identification and differentiation from other bacteria and Taylorella species is an important requirement ..
  18. Tazumi A, Hirayama J, Hayashi K, Petry S, Moore J, Millar B, et al. Development of a new molecular detection method for Taylorella equigenitalis. J Basic Microbiol. 2011;51:336-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, these results clearly demonstrated that PCR amplification with the primer pair (f-IVSde/r-23de) can be reliable in order to differentiate the T. equigenitalis isolates from both the T. asinigenitalis and Bordetella organisms...
  19. Erdman M, Creekmore L, Fox P, Pelzel A, Porter Spalding B, Aalsburg A, et al. Diagnostic and epidemiologic analysis of the 2008-2010 investigation of a multi-year outbreak of contagious equine metritis in the United States. Prev Vet Med. 2011;101:219-28 pubmed publisher
    Contagious equine metritis (CEM) is a highly contagious venereal disease of horses caused by Taylorella equigenitalis. During testing for semen export purposes, a stallion in Kentucky was found to be T...
  20. Klein C, Donahue J, Sells S, Squires E, Timoney P, Troedsson M. Effect of antimicrobial-containing semen extender on risk of dissemination of contagious equine metritis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012;241:916-21 pubmed
    To determine the impact of antimicrobial-containing semen extender on the growth of Taylorella equigenitalis in semen culture-positive for contagious equine metritis (CEM) and the development of CEM after artificial insemination with CEM-..
  21. Tazumi A, Sekizuka T, Moore J, Millar B, Taneike I, Matsuda M. Molecular characterization of intervening sequences in 23S rRNA genes and 23S rRNA fragmentation in Taylorella equigenitalis. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2008;53:486-92 pubmed publisher
    ..2- and 1.6-kb rRNA fragments and approximately 70-bp IVS. In addition, 16 other T. equigenitalis isolates were found to carry a similar 70-bp IVS in the central region and to produce fragmented 23S rRNA...
  22. Anzai T, Wada R, Okuda T, Aoki T. Evaluation of the field application of PCR in the eradication of contagious equine metritis from Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2002;64:999-1002 pubmed
    ..as well as PCR testing of original specimens and cultured specimens was performed for detection of Taylorella equigenitalis from genital swabs. As a result, T...
  23. Roest H, Heath P, Dawson D, Markey G, Dijkstra Y, Engelsma M, et al. [Summary of the First International Conference on Contagious Equine Metritis]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2007;132:936-8 pubmed
  24. Niwa H, Anzai T, Hobo S. Construction of a recombinant plasmid as reaction control in routine PCR for detection of contagious equine metritis (CEM-PCR). J Vet Med Sci. 2007;69:1199-201 pubmed
    Contagious equine metritis (CEM) is a highly contagious bacterial venereal disease of horses caused by Taylorella equigenitalis. CEM-PCR is a semi-nested PCR method for detecting this bacterium...
  25. Moore J, Millar B, Xu J, Buckley T. Possible misidentification of Bacteroides sp., probably B. ureolyticus as Taylorella equigenitalis: implications for the laboratory diagnosis of CEM. Vet Res. 2001;32:611-6 pubmed
    A wild-type isolate with similar morphological and phenotypic properties to Taylorella equigenitalis, the causative bacterial agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM), was referred for molecular identification by PCR amplification of the ..
  26. Wood J, Kelly L, Cardwell J, Park A. Quantitative assessment of the risks of reducing the routine swabbing requirements for the detection of Taylorella equigenitalis. Vet Rec. 2005;157:41-6 pubmed
    ..from the 2002 code, to culture endometrial or cervical swabs microaerophilically for the presence of Taylorella equigenitalis, the causative organism...
  27. Kristula M, Smith B. Diagnosis and treatment of four stallions, carriers of the contagious metritis organism--case report. Theriogenology. 2004;61:595-601 pubmed
    Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM), a venereal disease of horses caused by the bacterium Taylorella equigenitalis, was first diagnosed in 1977 and subsequently spread to many nations [Proc 24th AM Assoc Equine Pract (1979) 287]...
  28. Ousey J, Palmer L, Cash R, Grimes K, Fletcher A, Barrelet A, et al. An investigation into the suitability of a commercial real-time PCR assay to screen for Taylorella equigenitalis in routine prebreeding equine genital swabs. Equine Vet J. 2009;41:878-82 pubmed
    Standard bacteriological methods for identifying Taylorella equigenitalis in cervical smears are time consuming. Therefore, a more rapid real-time PCR assay was evaluated for its suitability in screening swabs.
  29. Timoney P. Horse species symposium: contagious equine metritis: an insidious threat to the horse breeding industry in the United States. J Anim Sci. 2011;89:1552-60 pubmed publisher
    ..disease of equids in 1977 and the etiologic agent was identified as a previously undescribed bacterium, Taylorella equigenitalis. Horse industry concerns over CEM centered on the ease with which this bacterium could be disseminated, ..
  30. Hara Y, Hayashi K, Nakajima T, Kagawa S, Tazumi A, Moore J, et al. Molecular identification and characterization of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) gene cluster in Taylorella equigenitalis. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2013;58:375-84 pubmed publisher
    ..repeats (CRISPRs), of approximately 10,000 base pairs (bp) in length, were shown to occur in the Japanese Taylorella equigenitalis strain, EQ59...
  31. Premanandh J, George L, Wernery U, Sasse J. Evaluation of a newly developed real-time PCR for the detection of Taylorella equigenitalis and discrimination from T. asinigenitalis. Vet Microbiol. 2003;95:229-37 pubmed
    A 'culture-LightCycler PCR' assay has been developed for the detection of Taylorella equigenitalis, the causative agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM) in horses...
  32. Duquesne F, Hébert L, Breuil M, Matsuda M, Laugier C, Petry S. Development of a single multi-locus sequence typing scheme for Taylorella equigenitalis and Taylorella asinigenitalis. Vet Microbiol. 2013;167:609-18 pubmed publisher
    We describe here the development of a multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme for Taylorella equigenitalis, the causative agent of contagious equine metritis (CEM), and Taylorella asinigenitalis, a nonpathogenic bacterium...
  33. May C, Guthrie A, Keys B, Joone C, Monyai M, Schulman M. Polymerase chain reaction-based national surveillance programme to determine the distribution and prevalence of Taylorella equigenitalis in South African horses. Equine Vet J. 2016;48:307-11 pubmed publisher
    ..platform to coordinate key aspects of a national, real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-based stallion screening programme to determine the distribution and prevalence of Taylorella equigenitalis in stallions and exposed mares.
  34. Moore J, Millar B, Matsuda M, Anzai T, Buckley T. Molecular detection and characterisation of Taylorella equigenitalis. Vet Rec. 2003;152:543-4 pubmed
  35. Szeredi L, Tenk M, Schiller I, Revesz T. Study of the role of Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma and other microaerophilic and aerobic bacteria in uterine infections of mares with reproductive disorders. Acta Vet Hung. 2003;51:45-52 pubmed
    ..and 24 mares showing reproductive disorders swab samples were taken from the fossa clitoridis to isolate Taylorella equigenitalis, and from the uterus to isolate mycoplasmas, ureaplasmas and other aerobic bacteria...