alcaligenes

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, motile bacteria that occur in water and soil. Some are common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of vertebrates. These bacteria occasionally cause opportunistic infections in humans.

Top Publications

  1. Aisenberg G, Rolston K, Safdar A. Bacteremia caused by Achromobacter and Alcaligenes species in 46 patients with cancer (1989-2003). Cancer. 2004;101:2134-40 pubmed
    Achromobacter and Alcaligenes are emerging infectious gram-negative bacterial species that can affect immunosuppressed patients...
  2. Gilis A, Khan M, Cornelis P, Meyer J, Mergeay M, van der Lelie D. Siderophore-mediated iron uptake in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 and identification of aleB encoding the ferric iron-alcaligin E receptor. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:5499-507 pubmed
    Siderophore production in response to iron limitation was observed in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34, and the corresponding siderophore was named alcaligin E...
  3. He Y, Xu J, Su J, Zhou L. Bioproduction of glycolic acid from glycolonitrile with a new bacterial isolate of Alcaligenes sp. ECU0401. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2010;160:1428-40 pubmed publisher
    b>Alcaligenes sp. ECU0401 has been isolated from soil samples with high nitrilase activity against glycolonitrile using the enrichment culture technique...
  4. Spence E, Kawamukai M, Sanvoisin J, Braven H, Bugg T. Catechol dioxygenases from Escherichia coli (MhpB) and Alcaligenes eutrophus (MpcI): sequence analysis and biochemical properties of a third family of extradiol dioxygenases. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:5249-56 pubmed
    ..amino acid sequence showed 58% sequence identity with the sequence of an extradiol dioxygenase, MpcI, from Alcaligenes eutrophus and 10 to 20% sequence identity with protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas paucimobilis, ..
  5. Mizunoe S, Yamasaki T, Hirai K, Yamagata E, Hiramatsu K, Yamakami Y, et al. [Case report: subcutaneous abscess and thoracic empyema caused by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans]. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 1998;72:631-4 pubmed
    b>Alcaligenes xylosoxidans is a glucose-nonfermentative gram-negative rod which usually exists in the environment...
  6. Bextine B, Lauzon C, Potter S, Lampe D, Miller T. Delivery of a genetically marked Alcaligenes sp. to the glassy-winged sharpshooter for use in a paratransgenic control strategy. Curr Microbiol. 2004;48:327-31 pubmed
    ..of GWSS that allows for the introduction of bacteria in liquid medium, and we have demonstrated the ability of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans denitrificans, expressing a red fluorescent protein (dsRed), to colonize the cibarial region of ..
  7. Fujioka M, Oka K, Kitamura R, Yakabe A, Chikaaki N. Alcaligenes xylosoxidans cholecystitis and meningitis acquired during bathing procedures in a burn unit: a case report. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2008;54:48-53 pubmed
    ..b>Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, a nonfermentative, Gram-negative rod often found in aqueous environments, has been isolated from ..
  8. Duggan J, Goldstein S, Chenoweth C, Kauffman C, Bradley S. Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia: report of four cases and review of the literature. Clin Infect Dis. 1996;23:569-76 pubmed
    ..Two-disk approximation and time-kill studies showed synergy or additive effects for the combination of gentamicin and piperacillin against most strains. ..
  9. Wolfram L, Friedrich B, Eitinger T. The Alcaligenes eutrophus protein HoxN mediates nickel transport in Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1995;177:1840-3 pubmed
    ..1 kDa, is involved in high-affinity nickel transport in Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. From genetic analyses, it has been concluded that HoxN is a single-component ion carrier...

More Information

Publications70

  1. Andersson M, Holmberg H, Adlercreutz P. Evaluation of Alcaligenes eutrophus cells as an NADH regenerating catalyst in organic-aqueous two-phase system. Biotechnol Bioeng. 1998;57:79-86 pubmed
    A soluble NAD-dependent hydrogenase contained in Alcaligenes eutrophus was evaluated as a coenzyme regenerating catalyst in an organic-aqueous two-phase (predominantly organic) system...
  2. Dernedde J, Eitinger T, Patenge N, Friedrich B. hyp gene products in Alcaligenes eutrophus are part of a hydrogenase-maturation system. Eur J Biochem. 1996;235:351-8 pubmed
    In Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 the hyp gene complex consists of six open reading frames hypA1, B1, F1, C, D and E whose products are involved in maturation of the two NiFe hydrogenases: an NAD-reducing cytoplasmic enzyme (SH) and a ..
  3. Saiman L, Chen Y, Gabriel P, Knirsch C. Synergistic activities of macrolide antibiotics against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Alcaligenes xylosoxidans isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002;46:1105-7 pubmed
    ..and azithromycin-doxycycline or azithromycin-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole inhibited 40, 20, and 22% of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Burkholderia cepacia complex, and Achromobacter (Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans strains, respectively.
  4. Ellis M, Dodd F, Sawers G, Eady R, Hasnain S. Atomic resolution structures of native copper nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans and the active site mutant Asp92Glu. J Mol Biol. 2003;328:429-38 pubmed
    ..30 A. Here, we present the structures of wild-type copper nitrite reductase (wtNiR) from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (36.5 kDa monomer), the "half-apo" recombinant native protein and the D92E mutant at 1...
  5. Cramm R, Siddiqui R, Friedrich B. Two isofunctional nitric oxide reductases in Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. J Bacteriol. 1997;179:6769-77 pubmed
    Two genes, norB and norZ, encoding two independent nitric oxide reductases have been identified in Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. norB and norZ predict polypeptides of 84.5 kDa with amino acid sequence identity of 90%...
  6. Eitinger T, Wolfram L, Degen O, Anthon C. A Ni2+ binding motif is the basis of high affinity transport of the Alcaligenes eutrophus nickel permease. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:17139-44 pubmed
    Amino acid exchanges in the Alcaligenes eutrophus nickel permease (HoxN) were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis, and their effects on nickel ion uptake were investigated...
  7. Streber W, Timmis K, Zenk M. Analysis, cloning, and high-level expression of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate monooxygenase gene tfdA of Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP134. J Bacteriol. 1987;169:2950-5 pubmed
    Plasmid pJP4 of Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP134 contains all genes for the degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Five of these genes, tfdB, tfdC, tfdD, tfdE, and tfdF, have recently been localized and cloned (R. H. Don, A...
  8. Rees E, Siddiqui R, Koster F, Schneider B, Friedrich B. Structural gene (nirS) for the cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase of Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1997;63:800-2 pubmed
    Denitrification by Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 is genetically linked to megaplasmid pHG1. Unexpectedly, the gene encoding the nitrite reductase (nirS) was identified on chromosomal DNA...
  9. Xie C, Yokota A. Reclassification of Alcaligenes latus strains IAM 12599T and IAM 12664 and Pseudomonas saccharophila as Azohydromonas lata gen. nov., comb. nov., Azohydromonas australica sp. nov. and Pelomonas saccharophila gen. nov., comb. nov., respectively. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:2419-25 pubmed
    ..aim of this study was to clarify the taxonomic position of the nitrogen-fixing and hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria Alcaligenes latus strains IAM 12599T, IAM 12664 and IAM 12665 and Pseudomonas saccharophila IAM 14368T...
  10. McClain M, Hurley M, Brieland J, Engleberg N. The Legionella pneumophila hel locus encodes intracellularly induced homologs of heavy-metal ion transporters of Alcaligenes spp. Infect Immun. 1996;64:1532-40 pubmed
    ..Mutagenesis and DNA sequencing identified three genes similar to the czc and cnr loci of Alcaligenes eutrophus and the ncc locus of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans...
  11. Cramm R, Siddiqui R, Friedrich B. Primary sequence and evidence for a physiological function of the flavohemoprotein of Alcaligenes eutrophus. J Biol Chem. 1994;269:7349-54 pubmed
    The flavohemoprotein (FHP) encoding gene of the strictly respiratory Gram-negative bacterium Alcaligenes eutrophus was isolated from a megaplasmid library by using FHP-specific antibodies and oligonucleotide probes based on the amino-..
  12. Saiman L, Chen Y, Tabibi S, San Gabriel P, Zhou J, Liu Z, et al. Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2001;39:3942-5 pubmed
    In the past decade, potential pathogens, including Alcaligenes species, have been increasingly recovered from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients...
  13. Hoshino A, Isono Y. Degradation of aliphatic polyester films by commercially available lipases with special reference to rapid and complete degradation of poly(L-lactide) film by lipase PL derived from Alcaligenes sp. Biodegradation. 2002;13:141-7 pubmed
    ..This result could be explained with the sequential reactions of the chemical hydrolysis of the polymer to oligomers at higher pH and temperature, and the succeeding enzymatic hydrolysis of oligomers to the monomers...
  14. Valentin H, Zwingmann G, Schonebaum A, Steinbuchel A. Metabolic pathway for biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) from 4-hydroxybutyrate by Alcaligenes eutrophus. Eur J Biochem. 1995;227:43-60 pubmed
    ..b>Alcaligenes eutrophus strains H16, HF39, PHB-4 and Pseudomonas denitrificans 'Morris' were not able to grow with 1,4-..
  15. Lenz O, Schwartz E, Dernedde J, Eitinger M, Friedrich B. The Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 hoxX gene participates in hydrogenase regulation. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:4385-93 pubmed
    ..analysis revealed a 1,791-bp open reading frame in the hox gene cluster of the gram-negative chemolithotroph Alcaligenes eutrophus H16...
  16. Kukimoto M, Nishiyama M, Murphy M, Turley S, Adman E, Horinouchi S, et al. X-ray structure and site-directed mutagenesis of a nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6: roles of two copper atoms in nitrite reduction. Biochemistry. 1994;33:5246-52 pubmed
    Nitrite reductase (NIR) from the denitrifying bacterium Alcaligenes faecalis S-6 is a copper-containing enzyme which requires pseudoazurin, a low molecular weight protein containing a single type I copper atom, as a direct electron donor ..
  17. Barrett M, Harris R, Antonyuk S, Hough M, Ellis M, Sawers G, et al. Insights into redox partner interactions and substrate binding in nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans: crystal structures of the Trp138His and His313Gln mutants. Biochemistry. 2004;43:16311-9 pubmed
    ..65 and 1.72 A, respectively. The observation of the substrate-bound structure for the His313Gln mutant and inhibitory studies with PEG establishes the role of the hydrophobic pocket as the port of substrate entry...
  18. Deveryshetty J, Phale P. Biodegradation of phenanthrene by Alcaligenes sp. strain PPH: partial purification and characterization of 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid hydroxylase. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2010;311:93-101 pubmed publisher
    b>Alcaligenes sp. strain PPH degrades phenanthrene via 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (1-H2NA), 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,2-DHN), salicylic acid and catechol...
  19. Svedas V, Guranda D, van Langen L, van Rantwijk F, Sheldon R. Kinetic study of penicillin acylase from Alcaligenes faecalis. FEBS Lett. 1997;417:414-8 pubmed
    Penicillin acylase from Alcaligenes faecalis has a very high affinity for both natural (benzylpenicillin, Km = 0.0042 mM) and colorimetric (6-nitro-3-phenylacetamidobenzoic acid, Km = 0...
  20. Schwartz E, Gerischer U, Friedrich B. Transcriptional regulation of Alcaligenes eutrophus hydrogenase genes. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:3197-204 pubmed
    b>Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 produces a soluble hydrogenase (SH) and a membrane-bound hydrogenase (MBH) which catalyze the oxidation of H2, supplying the organism with energy for autotrophic growth...
  21. Zhang Z, Xu J, He Y, Ouyang L, Liu Y. Cloning and biochemical properties of a highly thermostable and enantioselective nitrilase from Alcaligenes sp. ECU0401 and its potential for (R)-(-)-mandelic acid production. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2011;34:315-22 pubmed publisher
    A nitrilase gene from Alcaligenes sp. ECU0401 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) in a soluble form...
  22. Ellis P, Conrads T, Hille R, Kuhn P. Crystal structure of the 100 kDa arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis in two crystal forms at 1.64 A and 2.03 A. Structure. 2001;9:125-32 pubmed
    Arsenite oxidase from Alcaligenes faecalis NCIB 8687 is a molybdenum/iron protein involved in the detoxification of arsenic...
  23. Kanellopoulou M, Pournaras S, Iglezos H, Skarmoutsou N, Papafrangas E, Maniatis A. Persistent colonization of nine cystic fibrosis patients with an Achromobacter (Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans clone. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004;23:336-9 pubmed
    The present study was conducted to investigate the increasing incidence of Achromobacter (previously Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans isolates being recovered from sputum samples of cystic fibrosis patients at a cystic fibrosis department for ..
  24. Vaidya R, Roy S, Macmil S, Gandhi S, Vyas P, Chhatpar H. Purification and characterization of chitinase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans. Biotechnol Lett. 2003;25:715-7 pubmed
    Extracellular chitinase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity using affinity and gel filtration chromatography...
  25. Pixton D, Petersen C, Franke A, van Eldik R, Garton E, Andrew C. Activation parameters for heme-NO binding in alcaligenes xylosoxidans cytochrome c': the putative dinitrosyl intermediate forms via a dissociative mechanism. J Am Chem Soc. 2009;131:4846-53 pubmed publisher
    The bacterial heme protein Alcaligenes xylosoxidans cytochrome c' (AXCP) forms a novel five-coordinate heme-nitrosyl (5c-NO) complex in which NO resides at the proximal heme face in place of the endogenous protein ligand...
  26. Kampfer P, Denger K, Cook A, Lee S, Jäckel U, Denner E, et al. Castellaniella gen. nov., to accommodate the phylogenetic lineage of Alcaligenes defragrans, and proposal of Castellaniella defragrans gen. nov., comb. nov. and Castellaniella denitrificans sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:815-9 pubmed
    Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicates that two distinct sublineages exist within the genus Alcaligenes: the Alcaligenes faecalis lineage, comprising Alcaligenes aquatilis and A. faecalis (with the three subspecies A...
  27. Leferink N, Eady R, Hasnain S, Scrutton N. Laser-flash photolysis indicates that internal electron transfer is triggered by proton uptake by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans copper-dependent nitrite reductase. FEBS J. 2012;279:2174-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We have investigated the nature of this control in the blue copper-dependent nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (AxNiR)...
  28. Agersø Y, Sandvang D. Class 1 integrons and tetracycline resistance genes in alcaligenes, arthrobacter, and Pseudomonas spp. isolated from pigsties and manured soil. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:7941-7 pubmed
    ..The isolates belonged to the groups or species Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp., Arthrobacter spp., Alcaligenes spp., Pseudomonas spp., and Corynebacterium glutamicum. The 257 isolates were screened for in-1...
  29. Vermeiren H, Willems A, Schoofs G, De Mot R, Keijers V, Hai W, et al. The rice inoculant strain Alcaligenes faecalis A15 is a nitrogen-fixing Pseudomonas stutzeri. Syst Appl Microbiol. 1999;22:215-24 pubmed publisher
    The taxonomic position of the nitrogen-fixing rice isolate A15, previously classified as Alcaligenes faecalis, was reinvestigated...
  30. Krooneman J, Wieringa E, Moore E, Gerritse J, Prins R, Gottschal J. Isolation of Alcaligenes sp. strain L6 at low oxygen concentrations and degradation of 3-chlorobenzoate via a pathway not involving (chloro)catechols. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996;62:2427-34 pubmed
    ..The 3CBA metabolism of one of these isolates, L6, which was identified as an Alcaligenes species, was studied in more detail...
  31. van der Lelie D, Schwuchow T, Schwidetzky U, Wuertz S, Baeyens W, Mergeay M, et al. Two-component regulatory system involved in transcriptional control of heavy-metal homoeostasis in Alcaligenes eutrophus. Mol Microbiol. 1997;23:493-503 pubmed
    The czc determinant, which mediates resistance to Co2+, Zn2+ and Cd2+ in Alcaligenes eutrophus CH34 by cation efflux, is regulated by a two-component regulatory system composed of the sensor histidine kinase CzcS and the response ..
  32. Sasaki S, Karube I, Hirota N, Arikawa Y, Nishiyama M, Kukimoto M, et al. Application of nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6 for nitrite measurement. Biosens Bioelectron. 1998;13:1-5 pubmed
    The enzymatic reaction of nitrite reductase (NIR) from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6 was applied to the measurement of nitrite...
  33. Thangam E, Rajkumar G. Purification and characterization of alkaline protease from Alcaligenes faecalis. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2002;35:149-54 pubmed
    Extracellular alkaline protease from the alkalophilic bacterium Alcaligenes faecalis was purified by a combination of ion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatographic methods, and its properties were examined...
  34. Dernedde J, Eitinger M, Friedrich B. Analysis of a pleiotropic gene region involved in formation of catalytically active hydrogenases in Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. Arch Microbiol. 1993;159:545-53 pubmed
    In Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 a pleiotropic DNA-region is involved in formation of catalytically active hydrogenases. This region lies within the hydrogenase gene cluster of megaplasmid pHG1...
  35. Espinoza Gomez F, Newton Sánchez O, Melnikov V, Virgen González O, Unrau J. Meningitis caused by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans in a patient with HIV/AIDS. Braz J Infect Dis. 2007;11:603-4 pubmed
    The purpose of the present work was to inform about the first case of meningitis associated to the bacteria Alcaligenes xylosoxidans in a patient with HIV/AIDS...
  36. Freter A, Bowien B. Identification of a novel gene, aut, involved in autotrophic growth of Alcaligenes eutrophus. J Bacteriol. 1994;176:5401-8 pubmed
    The aerobic facultative chemoautotroph Alcaligenes eutrophus was found to possess a novel gene, designated aut, required for both lithoautotrophic (hydrogen plus carbon dioxide) and organoautotrophic (formate) growth (Aut+ phenotype)...
  37. Krzewinski J, Nguyen C, Foster J, Burns J. Use of random amplified polymorphic DNA PCR to examine epidemiology of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Achromobacter (Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans from patients with cystic fibrosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2001;39:3597-602 pubmed
    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Achromobacter (Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans have been increasingly recognized as a cause of respiratory tract colonization in cystic fibrosis (CF)...
  38. Vandamme P, Heyndrickx M, Vancanneyt M, Hoste B, de Vos P, Falsen E, et al. Bordetella trematum sp. nov., isolated from wounds and ear infections in humans, and reassessment of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and Tan 1983. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1996;46:849-58 pubmed
    ..to the type species of the genus Bordetella (Bordetella pertussis) than to the type species of the genus Alcaligenes (Alcaligenes faecalis) and had the general characteristics of members of this family (i.e...
  39. Yun H, Lim S, Cho B, Kim B. omega-Amino acid:pyruvate transaminase from Alcaligenes denitrificans Y2k-2: a new catalyst for kinetic resolution of beta-amino acids and amines. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:2529-34 pubmed
    b>Alcaligenes denitrificans Y2k-2 was obtained by selective enrichment followed by screening from soil samples, which showed omega-amino acid:pyruvate transaminase activity, to kinetically resolve aliphatic beta-amino acid, and the ..
  40. Murphy M, Turley S, Adman E. Structure of nitrite bound to copper-containing nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis. Mechanistic implications. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:28455-60 pubmed
    The structures of oxidized, reduced, nitrite-soaked oxidized and nitrite-soaked reduced nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis have been determined at 1.8-2.0 A resolution using data collected at -160 degrees C...
  41. Daugulis A, Amsden B, Bochanysz J, Kayssi A. Delivery of benzene to Alcaligenes xylosoxidans by solid polymers in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor. Biotechnol Lett. 2003;25:1203-7 pubmed
    ..After inoculation with Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, the remaining benzene in the aqueous phase as well as the benzene taken up by the polymers was ..
  42. Wang Y, Zhang Y, Ding J, Liu Y, Wang J, Yu Z. [Cloming, sequence analysis of imidase gene from Alcaligenes eatrophus and its expression in E. coli]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2002;42:153-62 pubmed
    A hydantoin-cleaving microorganism 112R4 is screened and identified to be Alcaligenes eutrophus...
  43. Eitinger T, Friedrich B. A topological model for the high-affinity nickel transporter of Alcaligenes eutrophus. Mol Microbiol. 1994;12:1025-32 pubmed
    The gene hoxN of Alcaligenes eutrophus encodes a membrane protein with a molecular mass of 33.1 kDa that mediates energy-dependent uptake of nickel ions...
  44. Schäferjohann J, Yoo J, Kusian B, Bowien B. The cbb operons of the facultative chemoautotroph Alcaligenes eutrophus encode phosphoglycolate phosphatase. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:7329-40 pubmed
    The two highly homologous cbb operons of Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 that are located on the chromosome and on megaplasmid pHG1 contain genes encoding several enzymes of the Calvin carbon reduction cycle...
  45. He Y, Xu J, Pan J, Ouyang L, Xu Y. Preparation of (R)-(-)-mandelic acid and its derivatives from racemates by enantioselective degradation with a newly isolated bacterial strain Alcaligenes sp. ECU0401. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2008;31:445-51 pubmed
    An enantioselective mandelate-degrading bacterium, Alcaligenes sp. ECU0401, was newly isolated from soil. By fed-batch culture, (R)-(-)-mandelic acid was successfully prepared in a 5-L fermenter with 32.8% isolated yield and >99...
  46. Granowitz E, Keenholtz S. A pseudoepidemic of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans attributable to contaminated saline. Am J Infect Control. 1998;26:146-8 pubmed
    b>Alcaligenes xylosoxidans is an uncommon but serious cause of nosocomial epidemics. This report describes a cluster of two patients who underwent revision of hip arthroplasties and one patient who had a lumbar puncture...
  47. Kruglik S, Lambry J, Cianetti S, Martin J, Eady R, Andrew C, et al. Molecular basis for nitric oxide dynamics and affinity with Alcaligenes xylosoxidans cytochrome c. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:5053-62 pubmed
    The bacterial heme protein cytochrome ? from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (AXCP) reacts with nitric oxide (NO) to form a 5-coordinate ferrous nitrosyl heme complex...
  48. Kobayashi M, Izui H, Nagasawa T, Yamada H. Nitrilase in biosynthesis of the plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid from indole-3-acetonitrile: cloning of the Alcaligenes gene and site-directed mutagenesis of cysteine residues. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993;90:247-51 pubmed
    ..5.5.1), which catalyzes the hydrolysis of indole-3-acetonitrile to indole-3-acetic acid, from Alcaligenes faecalis JM3. The amino acid sequence deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the nitrilase gene shows 34...
  49. Pepi M, Minacci A, Di Cello F, Baldi F, Fani R. Long-term analysis of diesel fuel consumption in a co-culture of Acinetobacter venetianus, Pseudomonas putida and Alcaligenes faecalis. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2003;83:3-9 pubmed
    ..consisted of three bacterial strains belonging to the species Acinetobacter venetianus, Pseudomonas putida, and Alcaligenes faecalis, which were able to oxidise n-alkanes to alkanoates, n-alkanols to alkanoates, or only n-alkanoates, ..
  50. Coenye T, Vancanneyt M, Cnockaert M, Falsen E, Swings J, Vandamme P. Kerstersia gyiorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and Tan 1983 as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003;53:1825-31 pubmed
    ..Phenotypically, these isolates resembled Alcaligenes faecalis...
  51. Liu L, Coenye T, Burns J, Whitby P, Stull T, LiPuma J. Ribosomal DNA-directed PCR for identification of Achromobacter (Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans recovered from sputum samples from cystic fibrosis patients. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40:1210-3 pubmed
    The opportunistic human pathogen Achromobacter (Alcaligenes) xylosoxidans has been recovered with increasing frequency from respiratory tract culture of persons with cystic fibrosis (CF)...
  52. Choi G, Kim H, Rhee Y. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic degradation of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) copolyesters produced by Alcaligenes sp. MT-16. J Microbiol. 2004;42:346-52 pubmed
    ..poly(3HB-co-3HV), copolyesters with a variety of 3HV contents (ranging from 17 to 60 mol%) were produced by Alcaligenes sp...
  53. Lal B, Khanna S. Degradation of crude oil by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Alcaligenes odorans. J Appl Bacteriol. 1996;81:355-62 pubmed
    ..crude oil (Bombay High and Gujarat) were tested for their biodegradability by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Alcaligenes odorans. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus S30 and Alc...
  54. Deak P, Lutz Wahl S, Bothe H, Fischer L. Bioreactor cultivation of Escherichia coli for production of recombinant penicillin G amidase from Alcaligenes faecalis. Biotechnol Lett. 2003;25:397-400 pubmed
    The penicillin G amidase (PGA) from Alcaligenes faecalis, which has interesting properties for use in combinatorial biochemistry, was produced by recombinant expression in Escherichia coli...
  55. Kita K, Mashiba S, Nagita M, Ishimaru K, Okamoto K, Yanase H, et al. Cloning of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase from a marine bacterium, Alcaligenes faecalis AE122, and characterization of its gene product. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997;1352:113-22 pubmed
    ..carries the gene coding for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) depolymerase was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of Alcaligenes faecalis AE122 isolated from seawater...
  56. Slater S, Voige W, Dennis D. Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate biosynthetic pathway. J Bacteriol. 1988;170:4431-6 pubmed
    The poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) biosynthetic pathway from Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Initially, an A...
  57. Grosse C, Grass G, Anton A, Franke S, Santos A, Lawley B, et al. Transcriptional organization of the czc heavy-metal homeostasis determinant from Alcaligenes eutrophus. J Bacteriol. 1999;181:2385-93 pubmed
    The Czc system of Alcaligenes eutrophus mediates resistance to cobalt, zinc, and cadmium through ion efflux catalyzed by the CzcCB2A cation-proton antiporter...
  58. Siddiqui R, Warnecke Eberz U, Hengsberger A, Schneider B, Kostka S, Friedrich B. Structure and function of a periplasmic nitrate reductase in Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:5867-76 pubmed
    b>Alcaligenes eutrophus H16 shows three distinct nitrate reductase activities (U. Warnecke-Eberz and B. Friedrich, Arch. Microbiol. 159:405-409, 1993)...
  59. Yezza A, Halasz A, Levadoux W, Hawari J. Production of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) by Alcaligenes latus from maple sap. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007;77:269-74 pubmed
    ..In the present study, maple sap or sucrose was employed as a carbon source to Alcaligenes latus for the production of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB)...
  60. Van Trappen S, Tan T, Samyn E, Vandamme P. Alcaligenes aquatilis sp. nov., a novel bacterium from sediments of the Weser Estuary, Germany, and a salt marsh on Shem Creek in Charleston Harbor, USA. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:2571-5 pubmed
    ..gene sequences indicated that these strains belong to the 'Betaproteobacteria' and are related to the genus Alcaligenes. The highest level of sequence similarity (100 %) was found with strain M3A (=ATCC 700596), a dimethyl sulfide-..
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    ..mutagenesis approach to generate a small library of six variants at position 257 in nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes faecalis S-6...