acetobacter

Summary

Summary: A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.

Top Publications

  1. Cleenwerck I, Vandemeulebroecke K, Janssens D, Swings J. Re-examination of the genus Acetobacter, with descriptions of Acetobacter cerevisiae sp. nov. and Acetobacter malorum sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002;52:1551-8 pubmed
    Thirty-four Acetobacter strains, representing Acetobacter aceti, Acetobacter pasteurianus, Acetobacter pomorum, Acetobacter peroxydans, Acetobacter lovaniensis, Acetobacter estunensis, Acetobacter orleanensis, Acetobacter indonesiensis ..
  2. Kounatidis I, Crotti E, Sapountzis P, Sacchi L, Rizzi A, Chouaia B, et al. Acetobacter tropicalis is a major symbiont of the olive fruit fly (Bactrocera oleae). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:3281-8 pubmed publisher
    ..analyses revealed the presence of several bacterial taxa associated with this insect, among which Acetobacter tropicalis was predominant...
  3. Astley O, Chanliaud E, Donald A, Gidley M. Structure of Acetobacter cellulose composites in the hydrated state. Int J Biol Macromol. 2001;29:193-202 pubmed
    The structure of composites produced by the bacterium Acetobacter xylinus have been studied in their natural, hydrated, state...
  4. Beppu T. Genetic organization of Acetobacter for acetic acid fermentation. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1993;64:121-35 pubmed
    Plasmid vectors for the acetic acid-producing strains of Acetobacter and Gluconobacter were constructed from their cryptic plasmids and the efficient transformation conditions were established...
  5. Deeraksa A, Moonmangmee S, Toyama H, Yamada M, Adachi O, Matsushita K. Characterization and spontaneous mutation of a novel gene, polE, involved in pellicle formation in Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100. Microbiology. 2005;151:4111-20 pubmed
    b>Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100 produces a pellicle polysaccharide, consisting of galactose, glucose and rhamnose, which attaches to the cell surface...
  6. Shinagawa E, Toyama H, Matsushita K, Tuitemwong P, Theeragool G, Adachi O. A novel type of formaldehyde-oxidizing enzyme from the membrane of Acetobacter sp. SKU 14. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:850-7 pubmed
    Membrane-bound NADP-independent formaldehyde-oxidizing enzyme was purified to homogeneity from the membrane of Acetobacter sp. SKU 14 isolated in Thailand...
  7. Nakano S, Fukaya M. Analysis of proteins responsive to acetic acid in Acetobacter: molecular mechanisms conferring acetic acid resistance in acetic acid bacteria. Int J Food Microbiol. 2008;125:54-9 pubmed
    ..Recently, two proteins whose production was greatly enhanced by acetic acid in Acetobacter aceti were identified to be aconitase and a putative ABC-transporter, respectively; furthermore, overexpression ..
  8. Gullo M, Mamlouk D, De Vero L, Giudici P. Acetobacter pasteurianus strain AB0220: cultivability and phenotypic stability over 9 years of preservation. Curr Microbiol. 2012;64:576-80 pubmed publisher
    b>Acetobacter species are members of the ?-subclass of Proteobacteria, which harbors a large number of bacteria recalcitrant to cultivation...
  9. Cleenwerck I, Gonzalez A, Camu N, Engelbeen K, De Vos P, De Vuyst L. Acetobacter fabarum sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium from a Ghanaian cocoa bean heap fermentation. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:2180-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences allocated the isolates to the genus Acetobacter and revealed Acetobacter lovaniensis, Acetobacter ghanensis and Acetobacter syzygii to be nearest neighbours...

More Information

Publications63

  1. Habe H, Fukuoka T, Kitamoto D, Sakaki K. Biotransformation of glycerol to D-glyceric acid by Acetobacter tropicalis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;81:1033-9 pubmed publisher
    Bacterial strains capable of converting glycerol to glyceric acid (GA) were screened among the genera Acetobacter and Gluconacetobacter. Most of the tested Acetobacter and Gluconacetobacter strains could produce 1.8 to 9...
  2. Polderman Tijmes J, Jekel P, de Vries E, van Merode A, Floris R, van der Laan J, et al. Cloning, sequence analysis, and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene encoding an alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase from Acetobacter turbidans. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:211-8 pubmed
    The alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase from Acetobacter turbidans ATCC 9325 is capable of hydrolyzing and synthesizing beta-lactam antibiotics, such as cephalexin and ampicillin...
  3. Shin S, Kim S, You H, Kim B, Kim A, Lee K, et al. Drosophila microbiome modulates host developmental and metabolic homeostasis via insulin signaling. Science. 2011;334:670-4 pubmed publisher
    ..that the pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase (PQQ-ADH) activity of a commensal bacterium, Acetobacter pomorum, modulates insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS) in Drosophila to regulate host ..
  4. Lefeber T, Papalexandratou Z, Gobert W, Camu N, De Vuyst L. On-farm implementation of a starter culture for improved cocoa bean fermentation and its influence on the flavour of chocolates produced thereof. Food Microbiol. 2012;30:379-92 pubmed publisher
    ..mixtures were tested, namely one composed of Saccharomyces cerevisiae H5S5K23, Lactobacillus fermentum 222, and Acetobacter pasteurianus 386B (three heaps and one box), and another composed of L. fermentum 222 and A...
  5. Chen X, Lou W, Zong M, Smith T. Optimization of culture conditions to produce high yields of active Acetobacter sp. CCTCC M209061 cells for anti-Prelog reduction of prochiral ketones. BMC Biotechnol. 2011;11:110 pubmed publisher
    ..The recently isolated strain Acetobacter sp...
  6. Sakurai K, Arai H, Ishii M, Igarashi Y. Transcriptome response to different carbon sources in Acetobacter aceti. Microbiology. 2011;157:899-910 pubmed publisher
    The draft genome sequence of Acetobacter aceti NBRC 14818 was determined by whole-genome shotgun sequencing and the transcriptome profile in cells exponentially grown on ethanol, acetate or glucose was analysed by using a DNA microarray...
  7. Prieto C, Jara C, Mas A, Romero J. Application of molecular methods for analysing the distribution and diversity of acetic acid bacteria in Chilean vineyards. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007;115:348-55 pubmed
    ..the North-South axis of Chilean valleys, the observed distribution of acetic acid bacteria was zonified: Acetobacter cerevisiae was only present in the North and Gluconobacter oxydans in the South...
  8. Constantine C, Starks C, Mill C, Ransome A, Karpowicz S, Francois J, et al. Biochemical and structural studies of N5-carboxyaminoimidazole ribonucleotide mutase from the acidophilic bacterium Acetobacter aceti. Biochemistry. 2006;45:8193-208 pubmed
    ..We have examined PurE from the acidophilic bacterium Acetobacter aceti (AaPurE), focusing on its adaptation to acid pH and the roles of conserved residues His59 and His89...
  9. Matsutani M, Hirakawa H, Yakushi T, Matsushita K. Genome-wide phylogenetic analysis of Gluconobacter, Acetobacter, and Gluconacetobacter. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2011;315:122-8 pubmed publisher
    Phylogenetic relationships among three genera, Gluconobacter, Acetobacter, and Gluconacetobacter, of acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are still unclear, although phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequence has shown that ..
  10. Nakano S, Fukaya M, Horinouchi S. Putative ABC transporter responsible for acetic acid resistance in Acetobacter aceti. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:497-505 pubmed
    Two-dimensional gel electrophoretic analysis of the membrane fraction of Acetobacter aceti revealed the presence of several proteins that were produced in response to acetic acid...
  11. Francois J, Kappock T. Alanine racemase from the acidophile Acetobacter aceti. Protein Expr Purif. 2007;51:39-48 pubmed
    b>Acetobacter aceti converts ethanol to acetic acid, and survives acetic acid exposure by tolerating cytoplasmic acidification...
  12. Saito K, Yajima T, Nishimura H, Aiba K, Ishimitsu R, Matsuguchi T, et al. Soluble branched beta-(1,4)glucans from Acetobacter species show strong activities to induce interleukin-12 in vitro and inhibit T-helper 2 cellular response with immunoglobulin E production in vivo. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:38571-8 pubmed
    An extracellular polysaccharide, AC-1, produced by Acetobacter polysaccharogenes is composed of beta-(1,4)glucan with branches of glucosyl residues...
  13. Papalexandratou Z, Lefeber T, Bahrim B, Lee O, Daniel H, De Vuyst L. Hanseniaspora opuntiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Lactobacillus fermentum, and Acetobacter pasteurianus predominate during well-performed Malaysian cocoa bean box fermentations, underlining the importance of these microbial species for a successful c. Food Microbiol. 2013;35:73-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Hanseniaspora opuntiae, Lactobacillus fermentum, and Acetobacter pasteurianus were the prevalent species of the two fermentations...
  14. Du Toit W, Pretorius I, Lonvaud Funel A. The effect of sulphur dioxide and oxygen on the viability and culturability of a strain of Acetobacter pasteurianus and a strain of Brettanomyces bruxellensis isolated from wine. J Appl Microbiol. 2005;98:862-71 pubmed
    ..to investigate the effects of free molecular and bound forms of sulphur dioxide and oxygen on the viability and culturability of a selected strain of Acetobacter pasteurianus and a selected strain of Brettanomyces bruxellensis in wine.
  15. Matsutani M, Nishikura M, Saichana N, Hatano T, Masud Tippayasak U, Theergool G, et al. Adaptive mutation of Acetobacter pasteurianus SKU1108 enhances acetic acid fermentation ability at high temperature. J Biotechnol. 2013;165:109-19 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we attempted the in vitro adaptation of Acetobacter pasteurianus SKU1108 by repeating its cultivation under high-temperature acetic acid fermentation conditions...
  16. Okamoto Kainuma A, Ishikawa M, Nakamura H, Fukazawa S, Tanaka N, Yamagami K, et al. Characterization of rpoH in Acetobacter pasteurianus NBRC3283. J Biosci Bioeng. 2011;111:429-32 pubmed publisher
    The RpoH in Acetobacter pasteurianus NBRC3283 was characterized. It was revealed that the rpoH controls the expression of groEL, dnaKJ, grpE, and clpB to different extents...
  17. Wang X, Chen X, Xu Y, Lou W, Wu H, Zong M. Biocatalytic anti-Prelog stereoselective reduction of ethyl acetoacetate catalyzed by whole cells of Acetobacter sp. CCTCC M209061. J Biotechnol. 2013;163:292-300 pubmed publisher
    ..to ethyl (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate {(R)-EHB} was successfully conducted in the aqueous system using immobilized Acetobacter sp. CCTCC M209061 cells. Among various microorganisms tested, Acetobacter sp...
  18. Settembre E, Chittuluru J, Mill C, Kappock T, Ealick S. Acidophilic adaptations in the structure of Acetobacter aceti N5-carboxyaminoimidazole ribonucleotide mutase (PurE). Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2004;60:1753-60 pubmed
    The crystal structure of Acetobacter aceti PurE was determined to a resolution of 1.55 A and is compared with the known structures of the class I PurEs from a mesophile, Escherichia coli, and a thermophile, Thermotoga maritima...
  19. Hestrin S, Schramm M. Synthesis of cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum. II. Preparation of freeze-dried cells capable of polymerizing glucose to cellulose. Biochem J. 1954;58:345-52 pubmed
  20. Gouby A, Teyssier C, Vecina F, Marchandin H, Granolleras C, Zorgniotti I, et al. Acetobacter cibinongensis bacteremia in human. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:784-5 pubmed
  21. Mullins E, Francois J, Kappock T. A specialized citric acid cycle requiring succinyl-coenzyme A (CoA):acetate CoA-transferase (AarC) confers acetic acid resistance on the acidophile Acetobacter aceti. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:4933-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The citric acid cycle (CAC) is linked to acetic acid resistance in Acetobacter aceti by several observations, among them the oxidation of acetate to CO2 by highly resistant acetic acid ..
  22. Matsutani M, Hirakawa H, Saichana N, Soemphol W, Yakushi T, Matsushita K. Genome-wide phylogenetic analysis of differences in thermotolerance among closely related Acetobacter pasteurianus strains. Microbiology. 2012;158:229-39 pubmed publisher
    b>Acetobacter pasteurianus is a Gram-negative strictly aerobic bacterium that is widely used for the industrial production of vinegar...
  23. Wu J, Gullo M, Chen F, Giudici P. Diversity of Acetobacter pasteurianus strains isolated from solid-state fermentation of cereal vinegars. Curr Microbiol. 2010;60:280-6 pubmed publisher
    ..16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis of representative strains showed that strains of Acetobacter pasteurianus have a close association to cereal vinegars, whereas Gluconacetobacter europaeus population is not ..
  24. Shinagawa E, Fujishima T, Moonmangmee D, Theeragool G, Toyama H, Matsushita K, et al. Purification and characterization of membrane-bound malate dehydrogenase from Acetobacter sp. SKU 14. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:298-306 pubmed
    ..1.99.16) was purified to homogeneity from the membrane of thermotolerant Acetobacter sp. SKU 14, an isolate from Thailand...
  25. Kanchanarach W, Theeragool G, Inoue T, Yakushi T, Adachi O, Matsushita K. Acetic acid fermentation of acetobacter pasteurianus: relationship between acetic acid resistance and pellicle polysaccharide formation. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74:1591-7 pubmed
    b>Acetobacter pasteurianus strains IFO3283, SKU1108, and MSU10 were grown under acetic acid fermentation conditions, and their growth behavior was examined together with their capacity for acetic acid resistance and pellicle formation...
  26. Camu N, De Winter T, Verbrugghe K, Cleenwerck I, Vandamme P, Takrama J, et al. Dynamics and biodiversity of populations of lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria involved in spontaneous heap fermentation of cocoa beans in Ghana. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:1809-24 pubmed
    ..Other taxa encompassed, for instance, Weissella. Only four clusters were found among the AAB identified: Acetobacter pasteurianus, Acetobacter syzygii-like bacteria, and two small clusters of Acetobacter tropicalis-like bacteria...
  27. Starks C, Francois J, MacArthur K, Heard B, Kappock T. Atomic-resolution crystal structure of thioredoxin from the acidophilic bacterium Acetobacter aceti. Protein Sci. 2007;16:92-8 pubmed
    The crystal structure of thioredoxin (AaTrx) from the acetic acid bacterium Acetobacter aceti was determined at 1 A resolution. This is currently the highest resolution crystal structure available for any thioredoxin...
  28. Haruta S, Ueno S, Egawa I, Hashiguchi K, Fujii A, Nagano M, et al. Succession of bacterial and fungal communities during a traditional pot fermentation of rice vinegar assessed by PCR-mediated denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;109:79-87 pubmed
    ..DGGE bands related to lactic acid bacteria were replaced by bands derived from Lactobacillus acetotolerance and Acetobacter pasteurianus at the stage at which acetic acid started to accumulate...
  29. Chen X, Wang X, Lou W, Li Y, Wu H, Zong M, et al. Immobilization of Acetobacter sp. CCTCC M209061 for efficient asymmetric reduction of ketones and biocatalyst recycling. Microb Cell Fact. 2012;11:119 pubmed publisher
    The bacterium Acetobacter sp...
  30. Sevilla M, Burris R, Gunapala N, Kennedy C. Comparison of benefit to sugarcane plant growth and 15N2 incorporation following inoculation of sterile plants with Acetobacter diazotrophicus wild-type and Nif- mutants strains. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:358-66 pubmed
    The ability of the nitrogen-fixing bacterial endophyte Acetobacter diazotrophicus strain PAl5 to enhance the growth of sugarcane SP70-1143 was evaluated in the growth chamber, greenhouse, and field by comparing plants inoculated with ..
  31. Chandra Raj K, Ingram L, Maupin Furlow J. Pyruvate decarboxylase: a key enzyme for the oxidative metabolism of lactic acid by Acetobacter pasteurianus. Arch Microbiol. 2001;176:443-51 pubmed
    b>Acetobacter pasteurianus, an obligately oxidative bacterium, is the first organism shown to utilize pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC) as a central enzyme for oxidative metabolism...
  32. Kylmä A, Granström T, Leisola M. Growth characteristics and oxidative capacity of Acetobacter aceti IFO 3281: implications for L-ribulose production. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2004;63:584-91 pubmed
    We studied the growth characteristics and oxidative capacities of Acetobacter aceti IFO 3281 in batch and chemostat cultures...
  33. Kanchanarach W, Theeragool G, Yakushi T, Toyama H, Adachi O, Matsushita K. Characterization of thermotolerant Acetobacter pasteurianus strains and their quinoprotein alcohol dehydrogenases. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;85:741-51 pubmed publisher
    We isolated several thermotolerant Acetobacter species of which MSU10 strain, identified as Acetobacter pasteurianus, could grow well on agar plates at 41 degrees C, tolerate to 1...
  34. Azuma Y, Hosoyama A, Matsutani M, Furuya N, Horikawa H, Harada T, et al. Whole-genome analyses reveal genetic instability of Acetobacter pasteurianus. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:5768-83 pubmed publisher
    b>Acetobacter species have been used for brewing traditional vinegar and are known to have genetic instability...
  35. Xiao Z, Zong M, Lou W. Highly enantioselective reduction of 4-(trimethylsilyl)-3-butyn-2-one to enantiopure (R)-4-(trimethylsilyl)-3-butyn-2-ol using a novel strain Acetobacter sp. CCTCC M209061. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:5560-5 pubmed publisher
    ..was successfully conducted with high enantioselectivity using immobilized whole cells of a novel strain Acetobacter sp. CCTCC M209061, newly isolated from kefir...
  36. Adachi O, Moonmangmee D, Toyama H, Yamada M, Shinagawa E, Matsushita K. New developments in oxidative fermentation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2003;60:643-53 pubmed
    ..Of such isolated strains, some thermotolerant Acetobacter species were found to be useful for vinegar fermentation at a high temperature such 38-40 degrees C, where ..
  37. Steiner P, Sauer U. Long-term continuous evolution of acetate resistant Acetobacter aceti. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2003;84:40-4 pubmed
    ..To investigate the nature of such high-level resistance, we grew the moderately acetate-resistant Acetobacter aceti wild-type and acetate-sensitive Escherichia coli in long-term continuous cultures with increasing acetate ..
  38. Shafiei R, Delvigne F, Babanezhad M, Thonart P. Evaluation of viability and growth of Acetobacter senegalensis under different stress conditions. Int J Food Microbiol. 2013;163:204-13 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, preadaptation of A. senegalensis in a mixture of glucose and acetic acid enables it to tolerate and grow in ethanol and acetic acid...
  39. Mullins E, Starks C, Francois J, Sael L, Kihara D, Kappock T. Formyl-coenzyme A (CoA):oxalate CoA-transferase from the acidophile Acetobacter aceti has a distinctive electrostatic surface and inherent acid stability. Protein Sci. 2012;21:686-96 pubmed publisher
    ..FCOCT is the product of uctB in the acidophilic acetic acid bacterium Acetobacter aceti. As expected for an acid-resistance factor, UctB remains folded at the low pH values encountered in the A...
  40. Reis V, Dobereiner J. Effect of high sugar concentration on nitrogenase activity of Acetobacter diazotrophicus. Arch Microbiol. 1998;171:13-8 pubmed
    b>Acetobacter diazotrophicus is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium that growth inside sugar cane plant tissue where the sucrose concentration is approximately 10%...
  41. Soemphol W, Deeraksa A, Matsutani M, Yakushi T, Toyama H, Adachi O, et al. Global analysis of the genes involved in the thermotolerance mechanism of thermotolerant Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2011;75:1921-8 pubmed
    b>Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100 is a thermotolerant acetic acid bacterium that grows even at 42 °C, a much higher temperature than the limit for the growth of mesophilic strains...
  42. Wong C, Ng P, Douglas A. Low-diversity bacterial community in the gut of the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. Environ Microbiol. 2011;13:1889-900 pubmed publisher
    ..were dominated by 5 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at ? 97% sequence identity that could be assigned to Acetobacter pomorum, A. tropicalis, Lactobacillus brevis, L. fructivorans and L. plantarum...
  43. Hidalgo C, Vegas C, Mateo E, Tesfaye W, Cerezo A, Callejon R, et al. Effect of barrel design and the inoculation of Acetobacter pasteurianus in wine vinegar production. Int J Food Microbiol. 2010;141:56-62 pubmed publisher
    ..process via three different strategies: changes in wood type; barrel shape; and the inoculation of an Acetobacter pasteurianus pure culture...
  44. Gullo M, De Vero L, Giudici P. Succession of selected strains of Acetobacter pasteurianus and other acetic acid bacteria in traditional balsamic vinegar. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:2585-9 pubmed publisher
    The application of a selected Acetobacter pasteurianus strain for traditional balsamic vinegar production was assessed. Genomic DNA was extracted from biofilms after enrichment cultures on GYC medium (10% glucose, 1.0% yeast extract, 2...
  45. Bittar F, Reynaud Gaubert M, Thomas P, Boniface S, Raoult D, Rolain J. Acetobacter indonesiensis pneumonia after lung transplant. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:997-8 pubmed publisher
  46. Barends T, Polderman Tijmes J, Jekel P, Williams C, Wybenga G, Janssen D, et al. Acetobacter turbidans alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase: how a single mutation improves an antibiotic-producing enzyme. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:5804-10 pubmed
    The alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase (AEH) from Acetobacter turbidans is a bacterial enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis and synthesis of beta-lactam antibiotics...
  47. Gullo M, Caggia C, De Vero L, Giudici P. Characterization of acetic acid bacteria in "traditional balsamic vinegar". Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;106:209-12 pubmed
    ..isolated strains was done by 16S-23S-5S rDNA PCR/RFLP technique and the isolated strains were clustered: 32 strains belong to Gluconacetobacter xylinus group, two strains to Acetobacter pasteurianus group and one to Acetobacter aceti.
  48. Shah J, Brown R. Towards electronic paper displays made from microbial cellulose. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005;66:352-5 pubmed
    ..First, bacterial cellulose is synthesized in a culture of Acetobacter xylinum in standard glucose-rich medium...
  49. Lefeber T, Janssens M, Camu N, De Vuyst L. Kinetic analysis of strains of lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria in cocoa pulp simulation media toward development of a starter culture for cocoa bean fermentation. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:7708-16 pubmed publisher
    ..growth and metabolite production of strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus fermentum and of Acetobacter pasteurianus isolated from Ghanaian cocoa bean heap fermentations, in view of the development of a defined ..
  50. Vegas C, Mateo E, Gonzalez A, Jara C, Guillamón J, Poblet M, et al. Population dynamics of acetic acid bacteria during traditional wine vinegar production. Int J Food Microbiol. 2010;138:130-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The most widely isolated species was Acetobacter pasteurianus, which accounted for 100% of all the isolates during most of the acetification...
  51. Yamada Y, Yukphan P. Genera and species in acetic acid bacteria. Int J Food Microbiol. 2008;125:15-24 pubmed publisher
    Taxonomic studies of acetic acid bacteria were historically surveyed. The genus Acetobacter was first introduced in 1898 with a single species, Acetobacter aceti...
  52. Kamiryo Y, Yajima T, Saito K, Nishimura H, Fushimi T, Ohshima Y, et al. Soluble branched (1,4)-beta-D-glucans from Acetobacter species enhance antitumor activities against MHC class I-negative and -positive malignant melanoma through augmented NK activity and cytotoxic T-cell response. Int J Cancer. 2005;115:769-76 pubmed
    We previously found that an extracellular polysaccharide, AC-1, produced by Acetobacter polysaccharogenes composed of (1,4)-beta-D-glucan with branches of glucosyl residues showed a strong activity to induce production of interleukin (IL)..
  53. Steiner P, Sauer U. Proteins induced during adaptation of Acetobacter aceti to high acetate concentrations. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:5474-81 pubmed
    ..that are associated with this adaptation, we analyzed global protein expression levels during adaptation of Acetobacter aceti by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis...
  54. Matsutani M, Hirakawa H, Nishikura M, Soemphol W, Ali I, Yakushi T, et al. Increased number of Arginine-based salt bridges contributes to the thermotolerance of thermotolerant acetic acid bacteria, Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;409:120-4 pubmed publisher
    Thermotolerant acetic acid bacteria (AAB), Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100, can grow above 40°C. To investigate the basis of its thermotolerance, we compared the genome of A...