gram negative chemolithotrophic bacteria

Summary

Summary: A large group of bacteria including those which oxidize ammonia or nitrite, metabolize sulfur and sulfur compounds, or deposit iron and/or manganese oxides.

Top Publications

  1. Flores G, Liu Y, Ferrera I, Beveridge T, Reysenbach A. Sulfurihydrogenibium kristjanssonii sp. nov., a hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing thermophile isolated from a terrestrial Icelandic hot spring. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:1153-8 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is I6628T (=DSM 19534T =OCM 901T =ATCC BAA-1535T). ..
  2. Williams P, Fulop V, Leung Y, Chan C, Moir J, Howlett G, et al. Pseudospecific docking surfaces on electron transfer proteins as illustrated by pseudoazurin, cytochrome c550 and cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase. Nat Struct Biol. 1995;2:975-82 pubmed
    ..We propose a 'positives-in-between' rule for electron shuttle proteins, and expect a negative hydrophobic patch to be present on both the highest and lowest redox potential species in a series of electron carriers. ..
  3. Stouthamer A, De Boer A, van der Oost J, Van Spanning R. Emerging principles of inorganic nitrogen metabolism in Paracoccus denitrificans and related bacteria. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1997;71:33-41 pubmed
    ..The calculations predict that P. denitrificans should be able to grow chemolithotrophically with hydroxylamine. ..
  4. Gogarten J, Kibak H, Dittrich P, Taiz L, Bowman E, Bowman B, et al. Evolution of the vacuolar H+-ATPase: implications for the origin of eukaryotes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989;86:6661-5 pubmed
    ..The implication is that the vacuolar H+-ATPase of eukaryotes arose by the internalization of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase of an archaebacterial-like ancestral cell. ..
  5. Yu Z, Lansdon E, Segel I, Fisher A. Crystal structure of the bifunctional ATP sulfurylase-APS kinase from the chemolithotrophic thermophile Aquifex aeolicus. J Mol Biol. 2007;365:732-43 pubmed publisher
    ..This linkage accounts for the low kinase activity of the enzyme under oxidizing conditions. The thermal stability of the Aquifex enzyme can be explained by the 43% decreased cavity volume found within the protein core...
  6. Denda K, Konishi J, Oshima T, Date T, Yoshida M. Molecular cloning of the beta-subunit of a possible non-F0F1 type ATP synthase from the acidothermophilic archaebacterium, Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. J Biol Chem. 1988;263:17251-4 pubmed
    ..acidocaldarius ATPase and F0F1-ATPases have been derived from a common ancestral ATPase. ..
  7. Das S, Mishra A, Tindall B, Rainey F, Stackebrandt E. Oxidation of thiosulfate by a new bacterium, Bosea thiooxidans (strain BI-42) gen. nov., sp. nov.: analysis of phylogeny based on chemotaxonomy and 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1996;46:981-7 pubmed
    ..Bosea thiooxidans gen. nov., sp. nov. is the name proposed for this taxon. ..
  8. Santini J, Sly L, Schnagl R, Macy J. A new chemolithoautotrophic arsenite-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a gold mine: phylogenetic, physiological, and preliminary biochemical studies. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000;66:92-7 pubmed
    ..This recently discovered organism is the most rapidly growing chemolithoautotrophic arsenite oxidizer known. ..
  9. Fulop V, Moir J, Ferguson S, Hajdu J. Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic study of cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase from Thiosphaera pantotropha. J Mol Biol. 1993;232:1211-2 pubmed
    ..5 A. They belong to space group P2(1) with unit cell dimensions of a = 107.8 A, b = 61.9 A, c = 101.2 A, beta = 112.5 degrees. The crystallographic asymmetric unit contains a dimer. ..

More Information

Publications95

  1. Distel D, Lee H, Cavanaugh C. Intracellular coexistence of methano- and thioautotrophic bacteria in a hydrothermal vent mussel. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995;92:9598-602 pubmed
    ..The two symbiont species are affiliated with thioautotrophic and methanotrophic symbionts previously found in monospecific associations with closely related mytilids from deep-sea hydrothermal vents and hydrocarbon seeps. ..
  2. Kobayashi K, Koppenhofer A, Ferguson S, Tagawa S. Pulse radiolysis studies on cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase from Thiosphaera pantotropha: evidence for a fast intramolecular electron transfer from c-heme to d1-heme. Biochemistry. 1997;36:13611-6 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the fast interheme electron transfer rate argues against this process being the rate determining step in catalysis. ..
  3. Malik K, Halik K. Preservation of some extremely thermophilic chemolithoautotrophic bacteria by deep-freezing and liquid-drying methods. J Microbiol Methods. 1999;35:177-82 pubmed
    ..The viability, stability and ability of chemolithoautotrophic growth was not affected. Cryopreservation, liquid-drying and reactivation under microaerobic conditions proved very effective for these oxygen sensitive cultures. ..
  4. Sievert S, Heidorn T, Kuever J. Halothiobacillus kellyi sp. nov., a mesophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a shallow-water hydrothermal vent in the Aegean Sea, and emended description of the genus Halothiobacillus. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2000;50 Pt 3:1229-37 pubmed
    ..5 and 49 degrees C, with an optimum between 37 and 42 degrees C. Growth occurred between 0 and 2 M NaCl, with an optimum NaCl concentration between 400 and 500 mM. The mean maximum specific growth rate on thiosulfate was 0.45 h(-1). ..
  5. Valanne S, Myllymäki H, Kallio J, Schmid M, Kleino A, Murumägi A, et al. Genome-wide RNA interference in Drosophila cells identifies G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 as a conserved regulator of NF-kappaB signaling. J Immunol. 2010;184:6188-98 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that Gprk2/GRK5 has an evolutionarily conserved role in regulating NF-kappaB signaling. ..
  6. Amils R, Irazabal N, Moreira D, Abad J, Marin I. Genomic organization analysis of acidophilic chemolithotrophic bacteria using pulsed field gel electrophoretic techniques. Biochimie. 1998;80:911-21 pubmed
  7. Garcia Pichel F. Rapid bacterial swimming measured in swarming cells of Thiovulum majus. J Bacteriol. 1989;171:3560-3 pubmed
    ..Measurements of swimming velocities with video microscopic recordings under such conditions showed mean cell speeds as high as 615 microns s-1, unprecedented in bacteria. ..
  8. Inatomi K, Eya S, Maeda M, Futai M. Amino acid sequence of the alpha and beta subunits of Methanosarcina barkeri ATPase deduced from cloned genes. Similarity to subunits of eukaryotic vacuolar and F0F1-ATPases. J Biol Chem. 1989;264:10954-9 pubmed
    ..coli enzyme were conserved in the methanogenic enzyme. This sequence conservation suggests that vacuolar, F1, methanogenic, and S. acidocaldarius ATPases were derived from a common ancestral enzyme. ..
  9. Hamana K, Niitsu M, Matsuzaki S, Samejima K, Igarashi Y, Kodama T. Novel linear and branched polyamines in the extremely thermophilic eubacteria Thermoleophilum, Bacillus and Hydrogenobacter. Biochem J. 1992;284 ( Pt 3):741-7 pubmed
  10. Puchegger S, Redl B, Stoffler G. Purification and properties of a thermostable fumarate hydratase from the archaeobacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus. J Gen Microbiol. 1990;136:1537-41 pubmed
    ..The pH optimum for generation of fumarate was found to be pH 8.0. The enzyme showed high stability to denaturation by heat and organic solvents. ..
  11. Nunoura T, Oida H, Miyazaki M, Suzuki Y. Thermosulfidibacter takaii gen. nov., sp. nov., a thermophilic, hydrogen-oxidizing, sulfur-reducing chemolithoautotroph isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal field in the Southern Okinawa Trough. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:659-65 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., sp. nov., within the phylum Aquificae. The type strain of T. takaii is ABI70S6(T) (=JCM 13301(T)=DSM 17441(T)). ..
  12. Ludwig W, Mittenhuber G, Friedrich C. Transfer of Thiosphaera pantotropha to Paracoccus denitrificans. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1993;43:363-7 pubmed
    ..Within this subclass, Thiosphaera pantotropha, P. denitrificans, and Thiobacillus versutus form a phylogenetic group with Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Rhodobacter capsulatus, and "Erythrobacter longus."..
  13. Oppon J, Sarnovsky R, Craig N, Rawlings D. A Tn7-like transposon is present in the glmUS region of the obligately chemoautolithotrophic bacterium Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:3007-12 pubmed
    ..coli is a heterotroph, ancestors of the Tn7-like transposons must have been active in a variety of physiologically different bacteria so that their descendants are now found in bacteria that occupy very different ecological niches...
  14. Karavaiko G, Zakharchuk L, Bogdanova T, Egorova M, Tsaplina I, Krasil nikova E. [The enzyme of carbon metabolism in the thermotolerant sulfobacillus strain K1]. Mikrobiologiia. 2002;71:755-61 pubmed
    ..The activities of pyruvate carboxylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxytransphosphorylase decreased with the increasing content of CO2 in the medium. ..
  15. Brinkhoff T, Sievert S, Kuever J, Muyzer G. Distribution and diversity of sulfur-oxidizing Thiomicrospira spp. at a shallow-water hydrothermal vent in the Aegean Sea (Milos, Greece). Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:3843-9 pubmed
    ..e., ML-1, from the DGGE gel. The results shown in this paper support earlier indications that Thiomicrospira species are important members of hydrothermal vent communities. ..
  16. Schroder J, Klink F. Gene for the ADP-ribosylatable elongation factor 2 from the extreme thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. Cloning, sequencing, comparative analysis. Eur J Biochem. 1991;195:321-7 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that, in contrast to all prokaryotic EF-2 genes studied previously, the gene of S. acidocaldarius is not located within the streptomycin operon but is transcribed separately. ..
  17. Skorko R, Osipiuk J, Stetter K. Glycogen-bound polyphosphate kinase from the archaebacterium Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. J Bacteriol. 1989;171:5162-4 pubmed
    ..The protein from the glycogen complex migrated in a sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel as a 57-kilodalton protein band; after isoelectric focusing it separated into several spots in the pH range of 5.6 to 6.7. ..
  18. Feldman R, Black M, Cary C, Lutz R, Vrijenhoek R. Molecular phylogenetics of bacterial endosymbionts and their vestimentiferan hosts. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol. 1997;6:268-77 pubmed
    ..A third endosymbiont type, related to the seep species, was found in a tube worm collected from a whale carcass. Our results are consistent with a horizontal model of symbiont transmission...
  19. Kelly D, Shergill J, Lu W, Wood A. Oxidative metabolism of inorganic sulfur compounds by bacteria. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1997;71:95-107 pubmed
  20. Bennett B, Charnock J, Sears H, Berks B, Thomson A, Ferguson S, et al. Structural investigation of the molybdenum site of the periplasmic nitrate reductase from Thiosphaera pantotropha by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Biochem J. 1996;317 ( Pt 2):557-63 pubmed
    ..The periplasmic nitrate reductase molybdenum co-ordination environment in both the Mo(VI) and Mo(IV) oxidation states is distinct from that found in the membrane-bound respiratory nitrate reductase. ..
  21. Santini J, vanden Hoven R. Molybdenum-containing arsenite oxidase of the chemolithoautotrophic arsenite oxidizer NT-26. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:1614-9 pubmed
    ..This mutant could grow heterotrophically in the presence of arsenite; however, the arsenite was not oxidized to arsenate. ..
  22. Yoshino J, Sugiyama Y, Sakuda S, Kodama T, Nagasawa H, Ishii M, et al. Chemical structure of a novel aminophospholipid from Hydrogenobacter thermophilus strain TK-6. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:6302-4 pubmed
    ..Structurally similar phospholipids have been identified in Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanolacinia paynteri, and Methanogenium cariaci, which all belong to the Archaea. ..
  23. Bertani L, Huang J, Weir B, Kirschvink J. Evidence for two types of subunits in the bacterioferritin of Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum. Gene. 1997;201:31-6 pubmed
    ..Differences in heme- and metal-binding sites and ferroxidase activities of the two types of subunits are discussed. ..
  24. Baker S, Saunders N, Willis A, Ferguson S, Hajdu J, Fulop V. Cytochrome cd1 structure: unusual haem environments in a nitrite reductase and analysis of factors contributing to beta-propeller folds. J Mol Biol. 1997;269:440-55 pubmed
    ..The unusual haem iron environments in both the c-type cytochrome domain, with His/His coordination, and the d1-type cytochrome domain with Tyr/His coordination are related to the functions of the redox centres. ..
  25. Hiraishi A, Nagashima K, Matsuura K, Shimada K, Takaichi S, Wakao N, et al. Phylogeny and photosynthetic features of Thiobacillus acidophilus and related acidophilic bacteria: its transfer to the genus Acidiphilium as Acidiphilium acidophilum comb. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1998;48 Pt 4:1389-98 pubmed
    ..acidophilus (Guay and Silver) Harrison 1983 as Acidiphilium acidophilum comb. nov. The type strain is ATCC 27807T (= DSM 700T)...
  26. Inagaki K, Nakahira K, Mukai K, Tamura T, Tanaka H. Gene cloning and characterization of an acidic xylanase from Acidobacterium capsulatum. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1998;62:1061-7 pubmed
    ..0 and 65 degrees C, and is stable pH between 3.0 and 8.0. The K(m) and Vmax with oat spelt xylan as a substrate at pH 5.0 and 30 degrees C are 3.5 mg/ml and 403 mumol/min/mg...
  27. Ehrich S, Behrens D, Lebedeva E, Ludwig W, Bock E. A new obligately chemolithoautotrophic, nitrite-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospira moscoviensis sp. nov. and its phylogenetic relationship. Arch Microbiol. 1995;164:16-23 pubmed
    ..The isolated bacterium is designated as a new species of the genus Nitrospira.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  28. Laue B, Nelson D. Sulfur-oxidizing symbionts have not co-evolved with their hydrothermal vent tube worm hosts: an RFLP analysis. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol. 1997;6:180-8 pubmed
    ..This study strongly supports the conclusion that the symbionts are acquired de novo by each generation of juvenile tube worms from a common source in the surrounding sea water...
  29. Mukhopadhyaya P, Deb C, Lahiri C, Roy P. A soxA gene, encoding a diheme cytochrome c, and a sox locus, essential for sulfur oxidation in a new sulfur lithotrophic bacterium. J Bacteriol. 2000;182:4278-87 pubmed
    ..4-kb soxA contiguous genomic DNA region. The results thus suggest that a sox locus of KCT001, essential for sulfur oxidation, was affected by all these six independent insertion mutations...
  30. Kondrat eva T, Ageeva S, Muntian L, Pivovarova T, Karavaiko G. [Strain polymorphism of the plasmid profiles in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans]. Mikrobiologiia. 2002;71:373-80 pubmed
    ..The role of plasmids in the processes of oxidation of energy substrates and in the acquired enhanced resistance to the heavy metal ions is discussed...
  31. Bernhardt P, Santini J. Protein film voltammetry of arsenite oxidase from the chemolithoautotrophic arsenite-oxidizing bacterium NT-26. Biochemistry. 2006;45:2804-9 pubmed
    ..We also have performed catalytic voltammetry at a number of temperatures between 5 and 25 degrees C, and the catalytic current (proportional to the turnover number) follows simple Arrhenius behavior...
  32. Brinkhoff T, Muyzer G, Wirsen C, Kuever J. Thiomicrospira kuenenii sp. nov. and Thiomicrospira frisia sp. nov., two mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from an intertidal mud flat. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1999;49 Pt 2:385-92 pubmed
    ..5 degrees C, whereas strain JB-A2T showed optimal growth between 32 and 35 degrees C. The mean maximum growth rate on thiosulfate was 0.35 h-1 for strain JB-A1T and 0.45 h-1 for strain JB-A2T...
  33. Hetzer A, McDonald I, Morgan H. Venenivibrio stagnispumantis gen. nov., sp. nov., a thermophilic hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium isolated from Champagne Pool, Waiotapu, New Zealand. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:398-403 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, CP.B2(T) represents a novel species in a new genus, for which the name Venenivibrio stagnispumantis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Venenivibrio stagnispumantis is CP.B2(T) (=JCM 14244(T) =DSM 18763(T))...
  34. Voytek M, Ward B. Detection of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria of the beta-subclass of the class Proteobacteria in aquatic samples with the PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995;61:1444-50 pubmed
    ..This application of PCR is of particular importance for the detection and study of microbes, such as autotrophic nitrifiers, which are difficult or impossible to isolate from indigenous microbial communities...
  35. Nunoura T, Miyazaki M, Suzuki Y, Takai K, Horikoshi K. Hydrogenivirga okinawensis sp. nov., a thermophilic sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal field, Southern Okinawa Trough. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:676-81 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. The type strain of Hydrogenivirga okinawensis is LS12-2(T) (=JCM 13302(T)=DSM 17378(T))...
  36. Juretschko S, Timmermann G, Schmid M, Schleifer K, Pommerening Röser A, Koops H, et al. Combined molecular and conventional analyses of nitrifying bacterium diversity in activated sludge: Nitrosococcus mobilis and Nitrospira-like bacteria as dominant populations. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1998;64:3042-51 pubmed
    ..FISH of the activated sludge with this probe demonstrated that Nitrospira-like bacteria were present in significant numbers (9% of the total bacterial counts) and frequently occurred in coaggregated microcolonies with N. mobilis...
  37. Van Spanning R, Reijnders W, Stouthamer A. Integration of heterologous DNA into the genome of Paracoccus denitrificans is mediated by a family of IS1248-related elements and a second type of integrative recombination event. J Bacteriol. 1995;177:4772-8 pubmed
    ..In the other four strains, the entrapment vectors were shown to be integrated through a different mechanism not involving IS1248...
  38. Coto O, Fernandez A, Leon T, Rodriguez D. [Application of immunologic methods to the analysis of bio-leaching bacteria]. Microbiologia. 1994;10:297-304 pubmed
    ..Finally, the efficiency of these methods was tested by applying them to the identification of microorganisms from acidic waters from the mine...
  39. Castignetti D. Bioenergetic examination of the heterotrophic nitrifier-denitrifier Thiosphaera pantotropha. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1990;58:283-9 pubmed
    ..Thiosphaera pantotropha thus is similar to other heterotrophic nitrifiers-denitrifiers in that it conserves energy while denitrifying but has not been observed to do so when heterotrophically nitrifying...
  40. Sievert S, Brinkhoff T, Muyzer G, Ziebis W, Kuever J. Spatial heterogeneity of bacterial populations along an environmental gradient at a shallow submarine hydrothermal vent near Milos Island (Greece). Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:3834-42 pubmed
    ..Temperature was found to be an important parameter in determining this trend. However, at one sampling time this trend was not discernible, possibly due to storm-induced disturbance of the upper sediment layers...
  41. Falcone D, Tabita F. Expression and regulation of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Xanthobacter flavus CO2 fixation genes in a photosynthetic bacterial host. J Bacteriol. 1993;175:866-9 pubmed
    ..These studies suggest that sequences and molecular signals which regulate the expression of diverse RubisCO genes may be probed by using the R. sphaeroides complementation system...
  42. Sambongi Y, Crooke H, Cole J, Ferguson S. A mutation blocking the formation of membrane or periplasmic endogenous and exogenous c-type cytochromes in Escherichia coli permits the cytoplasmic formation of Hydrogenobacter thermophilus holo cytochrome c552. FEBS Lett. 1994;344:207-10 pubmed
    ..thermophilus cytochrome c552 in E. coli does not involve the physiological pathway of c-type cytochrome biosynthesis in E. coli and that the haem insertion may be catalysed...
  43. Zhang H, Bruns M, Logan B. Perchlorate reduction by a novel chemolithoautotrophic, hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium. Environ Microbiol. 2002;4:570-6 pubmed
    ..The study of this and other novel perchlorate-reducing bacteria may lead to new, safe technologies for removing perchlorate and other chemical pollutants from drinking water...
  44. Mansch R, Bock E. Biodeterioration of natural stone with special reference to nitrifying bacteria. Biodegradation. 1998;9:47-64 pubmed
    ..Data from outdoor exposure and laboratory simulation experiments indicated that the colonization of calcareous stone by nitrifying bacteria was enhanced by chemical weathering...
  45. Muyzer G, Teske A, Wirsen C, Jannasch H. Phylogenetic relationships of Thiomicrospira species and their identification in deep-sea hydrothermal vent samples by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rDNA fragments. Arch Microbiol. 1995;164:165-72 pubmed
    ..The third 'phylotype' was identified as a Desulfovibrio, indicating that sulfate-reducing bacteria, as sources of sulfide, may complement sulfur- and sulfide-oxidizing bacteria ecologically in these sulfide-producing hydrothermal vents...
  46. Hiraishi A, Kishimoto N, Kosako Y, Wakao N, Tano T. Phylogenetic position of the menaquinone-containing acidophilic chemo-organotroph Acidobacterium capsulatum. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1995;132:91-4 pubmed
    ..Distance matrix tree analysis suggested that A. capsulatum belongs to a unique lineage deeply branching from the Chlamydia-Planctomyces group or from the Gram-positive line...
  47. Zhou D, White R. Biosynthesis of caldariellaquinone in Sulfolobus spp. J Bacteriol. 1989;171:6610-6 pubmed
    ..From the labeling experiments, it is concluded that the benzo[b]thiophen-4,7-quinone is derived as an intact unit from all of the carbons of tyrosine except C-1...
  48. Little S, Cartwright P, Campbell C, Prenneta A, McChesney J, Mountain A, et al. Nucleotide sequence of a thermostable beta-galactosidase from Sulfolobus solfataricus. Nucleic Acids Res. 1989;17:7980 pubmed
  49. Sobolev D, Roden E. Evidence for rapid microscale bacterial redox cycling of iron in circumneutral environments. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2002;81:587-97 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria have the potential to enhance the coupling of Fe(II) oxidation and Fe(III) reduction at redox interfaces, thereby promoting rapid microscale cycling of Fe...
  50. Lechaire J, Frebourg G, Gaill F, Gros O. In situ localization of sulphur in the thioautotrophic symbiotic model Lucina pectinata (Gmelin, 1791) by cryo-EFTEM microanalysis. Biol Cell. 2006;98:163-70 pubmed
    ..Conventional TEM (transmission electron microscopy) has shown that bacteriocytes also harbour visibly 'empty' vesicles whose chemical content remains, to date, only roughly determined...
  51. Bhattacharyya S, Banerjee P, Das P. A plasma-membrane associated ATPase from the acidophilic bacterium Acidiphilium cryptum. Biochem Cell Biol. 1990;68:1222-5 pubmed
    ..N,N'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, oligomycin, and azide strongly inhibited the enzyme, whereas vanadate was without effect, suggesting that the A. cryptum ATPase might be of F0F1 type...
  52. Olieric N, Bey G, Nierengarten H, Wang E, Moras D, Eriani G, et al. Expression, purification, and characterization of a new heterotetramer structure of leucyl-tRNA synthetase from Aquifex aeolicus in Escherichia coli. Protein Expr Purif. 2006;47:1-9 pubmed
    ..All those data suggest that the existence of the heterotetramer is certainly not an artifact of overexpression in E. coli...
  53. Krasil nikova E, Tsaplina I, Zakharchuk L, Bogdanova T. [Effects of exogenous factors on the activity of enzymes involved in carbon metabolism in thermoacidophilic bacteria of the genus Sulfobacillus]. Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 2001;37:418-23 pubmed
    ..After saturation of the growth medium with 5 vol % CO2, sulfobacteria utilized glucose by the Embden-Meyerhof and pentose phosphate pathways under mixotrophic conditions...
  54. Jørgensen B, Gibson D, Huss H. Microbiological quality and shelf life prediction of chilled fish. Int J Food Microbiol. 1988;6:295-307 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that the shelf life of iced whole cod can be predicted using this model but not that of vacuum-packed fillets because of the greater variability of bacterial activity in packaged fish...
  55. Yamamoto Y, Terui N, Tachiiri N, Minakawa K, Matsuo H, Kameda T, et al. Influence of amino acid side chain packing on Fe-methionine coordination in thermostable cytochrome C. J Am Chem Soc. 2002;124:11574-5 pubmed
    ..The strength of heme axial coordinations was found to correlate with the overall protein thermostability...
  56. Maixner F, Noguera D, Anneser B, Stoecker K, Wegl G, Wagner M, et al. Nitrite concentration influences the population structure of Nitrospira-like bacteria. Environ Microbiol. 2006;8:1487-95 pubmed
    ..Consistent with the observed localization patterns, a higher nitrite concentration selected for sublineage I but suppressed sublineage II Nitrospira...
  57. Shively J, van Keulen G, Meijer W. Something from almost nothing: carbon dioxide fixation in chemoautotrophs. Annu Rev Microbiol. 1998;52:191-230 pubmed
    ..Additional regulatory proteins may also be involved. All of these, as well as related topics, are discussed in detail in this review...
  58. Buisman C, Driessen W, Meijer H, Lettinga G. Effect of organic substrates on biological sulphide oxidation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1990;33:459-62 pubmed
    ..It was found that sulphide loading rate is the decisive parameter as to whether or not Thiothrix will develop in a sulphide-removing reactor...
  59. Jiang Q, Bakken L. Nitrous oxide production and methane oxidation by different ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:2679-84 pubmed
    ..Calculations based on detection limits as well as data in the literature on CH4 oxidation by AOB bacteria prove that none of the tested strains contribute significantly to the oxidation of atmospheric CH4 in soils...
  60. Schramm A, de Beer D, Wagner M, Amann R. Identification and activities in situ of Nitrosospira and Nitrospira spp. as dominant populations in a nitrifying fluidized bed reactor. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1998;64:3480-5 pubmed
    ..A second, smaller, morphologically and genetically different population of Nitrospira spp. was restricted to the outer nitrifying zones...
  61. Brinkhoff T, Muyzer G. Increased species diversity and extended habitat range of sulfur-oxidizing Thiomicrospira spp. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1997;63:3789-96 pubmed
    ..The study indicates an increased species diversity of Thiomicrospira and the ubiquity of this sulfur-oxidizing bacterium in habitats with reduced sulfur compounds...
  62. Inagaki K, Hikita T, Yanagidani S, Nomura Y, Kishimoto N, Tano T, et al. Restriction endonuclease Aor13HI from Acidiphilium organovorum 13H, a new isoschizomer of BspMII: purification and characterization. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1993;57:1716-21 pubmed
    ..5-10 mM MgCl2, and 55 degrees C. The enzyme was stable up to 60 degrees C. The N-terminal amino acid sequence (30 residues) of Aor13HI did not show any similarity with the sequence of other restriction endonucleases reported...
  63. Sambongi Y, Ferguson S. Synthesis of holo Paracoccus denitrificans cytochrome c550 requires targeting to the periplasm whereas that of holo Hydrogenobacter thermophilus cytochrome c552 does not. Implications for c-type cytochrome biogenesis. FEBS Lett. 1994;340:65-70 pubmed
    ..denitrificans or E. coli is attributed to spontaneous cytoplasmic attachment of haem to the thermostable protein...
  64. Nitschke W, Feiler U, Rutherford A. Photosynthetic reaction center of green sulfur bacteria studied by EPR. Biochemistry. 1990;29:3834-42 pubmed
    ..The triplet state of P840, the primary electron donor, could be photoinduced at 4 K in samples which had been preincubated with sodium dithionite and methyl viologen and then preilluminated at 200 K.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  65. Das S, Mishra A. Transposon mutagenesis affecting thiosulfate oxidation in Bosea thiooxidans, a new chemolithoheterotrophic bacterium. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:3628-33 pubmed
    ..The transposon insertions occurred at different chromosomal positions, as confirmed by Southern blotting of chromosomal DNA of mutants deficient in thiosulfate oxidation, a deficiency which resulted from single insertions of Tn5...
  66. Wehrfritz J, Reilly A, Spiro S, Richardson D. Purification of hydroxylamine oxidase from Thiosphaera pantotropha. Identification of electron acceptors that couple heterotrophic nitrification to aerobic denitrification. FEBS Lett. 1993;335:246-50 pubmed
    ..A model of electron transfer is proposed, that suggests a coupling of nitrification and provides a mechanism by which nitrification can play a role in dissipating reductant...
  67. Sherman M, Orlova E, Smirnova E, Hovmöller S, Zorin N. Three-dimensional structure of the nickel-containing hydrogenase from Thiocapsa roseopersicina. J Bacteriol. 1991;173:2576-80 pubmed
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