yersinia

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic rod- to coccobacillus-shaped bacteria that occurs in a broad spectrum of habitats.

Top Publications

  1. van Pelt W, de Wit M, Wannet W, Ligtvoet E, Widdowson M, van Duynhoven Y. Laboratory surveillance of bacterial gastroenteric pathogens in The Netherlands, 1991-2001. Epidemiol Infect. 2003;130:431-41 pubmed
    ..Reported rates of Shigella spp. and Yersinia spp. varied little, with average annual incidences of 3.2 and 1.2 cases/100,000 inhabitants, respectively...
  2. Rosenzweig J, Schesser K. Polynucleotide phosphorylase and the T3SS. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;603:217-24 pubmed
    ..phosphorylase (PNPase) has previously been shown to be required by several species of bacteria, including Yersinia, for low-temperature growth...
  3. Fuchs T, Bresolin G, Marcinowski L, Schachtner J, Scherer S. Insecticidal genes of Yersinia spp.: taxonomical distribution, contribution to toxicity towards Manduca sexta and Galleria mellonella, and evolution. BMC Microbiol. 2008;8:214 pubmed publisher
    ..Toxin complex (Tc) proteins termed TcaABC, TcdAB, and TccABC with insecticidal activity are present in a variety of bacteria including the yersiniae...
  4. Chou C, Chang J, Ooi S, Huo A, Chang S, Chang H, et al. Serum anti-Yersinia antibody in Chinese patients with Kawasaki disease. Arch Med Res. 2005;36:14-8 pubmed
    ..In Taiwan, studies on the relationship between Yersinia and KD have not been reported...
  5. Aepfelbacher M. Modulation of Rho GTPases by type III secretion system translocated effectors of Yersinia. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol. 2004;152:65-77 pubmed
    Pathogenic species of the bacterial genus Yersinia subdue the immune system to proliferate and spread within the host organism...
  6. Souza R, Falcão D, Falcão J. Emended description of Yersinia massiliensis. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:1094-7 pubmed publisher
    The bacterial genus Yersinia belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and comprises 15 species. Species of the genus Yersinia are usually identified by their phenotypic characteristics...
  7. Rawlins M, Gerstner C, Hill H, Litwin C. Evaluation of a western blot method for the detection of Yersinia antibodies: evidence of serological cross-reactivity between Yersinia outer membrane proteins and Borrelia burgdorferi. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005;12:1269-74 pubmed
    b>Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis have been identified as causative organisms of reactive arthritis in humans...
  8. Vostrikova O, Novikova O, Kim N, Likhatskaya G, Solovjeva T. Pore-forming proteins of genus Yersinia. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;529:261-3 pubmed
  9. Marceau M. Transcriptional regulation in Yersinia: an update. Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2005;7:151-77 pubmed
    ..this process has become a recurrent research theme for every bacterial pathogen, and the three pathogenic Yersinia are no exception...

More Information

Publications96

  1. Ramamurthi K, Schneewind O. Type iii protein secretion in yersinia species. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 2002;18:107-33 pubmed
    ..The pathogens of the Yersinia genus represent a model system where much progress has been made in understanding this secretion pathway...
  2. Shibata S, Takahashi N, Chevance F, Karlinsey J, Hughes K, Aizawa S. FliK regulates flagellar hook length as an internal ruler. Mol Microbiol. 2007;64:1404-15 pubmed
    ..Insertions of peptide fragments from the Yersinia YscP into FliK gave rise to hooks with defined lengths, which was proportional to the molecular size of the FliK-..
  3. Cornelis G. The Yersinia Ysc-Yop virulence apparatus. Int J Med Microbiol. 2002;291:455-62 pubmed
    The Yop virulon is an integrated system allowing extracellular Yersinia adhering at the surface of a target cell to inject an array of bacterial effectors into the eukaryotic cytosol...
  4. Stock I, Wiedemann B. Natural antimicrobial susceptibilities and biochemical profiles of Yersinia enterocolitica-like strains: Y. frederiksenii, Y. intermedia, Y. kristensenii and Y. rohdei. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2003;38:139-52 pubmed
    The natural susceptibility of 131 Yersinia strains of Y. frederiksenii (n=38), Y. intermedia (n=48), Y. kristensenii (n=26) and Y. rohdei (n=19) to 70 antibiotics was tested...
  5. Savin C, Leclercq A, Carniel E. Evaluation of a single procedure allowing the isolation of enteropathogenic Yersinia along with other bacterial enteropathogens from human stools. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41176 pubmed publisher
    Enteropathogenic Yersinia are among the most frequent agents of human diarrhea in temperate and cold countries...
  6. Rosenzweig J, Chromy B, Echeverry A, Yang J, Adkins B, Plano G, et al. Polynucleotide phosphorylase independently controls virulence factor expression levels and export in Yersinia spp. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;270:255-64 pubmed
    Previously, it was shown that optimal functioning of the Yersinia type III secretion system (T3SS) in cell culture infection assays requires the exoribonuclease polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) and that normal T3SS activity could be ..
  7. Wiedig C, Kramer U, Garbom S, Wolf Watz H, Autenrieth I. Induction of CD8+ T cell responses by Yersinia vaccine carrier strains. Vaccine. 2005;23:4984-98 pubmed
    b>Yersinia enterocolitica employs a type III secretion system (TTSS) to target virulence factors (e.g. YopE) into the cytosol of the host cells...
  8. Sprague L, Neubauer H. Yersinia aleksiciae sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:831-5 pubmed
    b>Yersinia kristensenii consists of phenotypically heterogeneous strains. This is reflected by the existence of strains with various multilocus enzyme electrophoresis and 16S rRNA gene sequence types...
  9. Edelmann M, Kramer H, Altun M, Kessler B. Post-translational modification of the deubiquitinating enzyme otubain 1 modulates active RhoA levels and susceptibility to Yersinia invasion. FEBS J. 2010;277:2515-30 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, susceptibility to Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis invasion was found to be increased upon overexpression of the ..
  10. Shao F. Biochemical functions of Yersinia type III effectors. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2008;11:21-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Yersinia uses a type III secretion system (TTSS) to deliver six effector proteins into host cells. These six proteins harbor distinct activities that are mimicries of host functions but often have acquired unique biochemical features...
  11. Gorschlüter M, Hahn C, Ziske C, Mey U, Schöttker B, Molitor E, et al. Low frequency of enteric infections by Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia and Campylobacter in patients with acute leukemia. Infection. 2002;30:22-5 pubmed
    Several authors found that isolation of Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia and Campylobacter spp. (SSYC) from stool cultures after the 3rd day of hospitalization is a rare event...
  12. Collyn F, Guy L, Marceau M, Simonet M, Roten C. Describing ancient horizontal gene transfers at the nucleotide and gene levels by comparative pathogenicity island genometrics. Bioinformatics. 2006;22:1072-9 pubmed
    ..YAPI, a Yersinia PAI, and related islands were compared with measure evolutionary relationships between related modules...
  13. Ellison D, Lawrenz M, Miller V. Invasin and beyond: regulation of Yersinia virulence by RovA. Trends Microbiol. 2004;12:296-300 pubmed
    ..of winged-helix transcription factors, regulates expression of invasin, the major adhesion and invasion factor in Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis...
  14. Böhme K, Steinmann R, Kortmann J, Seekircher S, Heroven A, Berger E, et al. Concerted actions of a thermo-labile regulator and a unique intergenic RNA thermosensor control Yersinia virulence. PLoS Pathog. 2012;8:e1002518 pubmed publisher
    Expression of all Yersinia pathogenicity factors encoded on the virulence plasmid, including the yop effector and the ysc type III secretion genes, is controlled by the transcriptional activator LcrF in response to temperature...
  15. Payne S, Huang S, Pieper R. A proteogenomic update to Yersinia: enhancing genome annotation. BMC Genomics. 2010;11:460 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a comprehensive proteogenomic analysis of the plague bacterium, Yersinia pestis KIM...
  16. Souza R, Pitondo Silva A, Falcão D, Falcão J. Evaluation of four molecular typing methodologies as tools for determining taxonomy relations and for identifying species among Yersinia isolates. J Microbiol Methods. 2010;82:141-50 pubmed publisher
    ..MLSA) were performed to determine the ability of these techniques to be used in taxonomy and identification of Yersinia strains. A total of 60 Yersinia strains were genotyped by ERIC-PCR and PFGE...
  17. Schubert S, Picard B, Gouriou S, Heesemann J, Denamur E. Yersinia high-pathogenicity island contributes to virulence in Escherichia coli causing extraintestinal infections. Infect Immun. 2002;70:5335-7 pubmed
    The Yersinia high-pathogenicity island (HPI) encodes an iron uptake system mediated by the siderophore yersiniabactin (Ybt) and confers the virulence of highly pathogenic Yersinia species...
  18. Delihas N. Annotation and evolutionary relationships of a small regulatory RNA gene micF and its target ompF in Yersinia species. BMC Microbiol. 2003;3:13 pubmed
    ..Alignment and search methods using NCBI BLAST programs have been used to identify micF, ompF and ompC in Yersinia pestis and Yersinia enterocolitica...
  19. Evans L, Hughes C. Selective binding of virulence type III export chaperones by FliJ escort orthologues InvI and YscO. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2009;293:292-7 pubmed publisher
    ..virulence orthologues of the flagellar chaperone escort FliJ and show that the orthologues Salmonella InvI and Yersinia YscO are, like FliJ, essential for their type III export pathway and similarly, do not bind export substrates...
  20. Orth K. Function of the Yersinia effector YopJ. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2002;5:38-43 pubmed
    The Yersinia virulence factor YopJ inhibits the host immune response and induces apoptosis by blocking multiple signaling pathways, including the MAPK and NFkappaB pathways in the infected cell...
  21. Mittal R, Peak Chew S, McMahon H. Acetylation of MEK2 and I kappa B kinase (IKK) activation loop residues by YopJ inhibits signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:18574-9 pubmed
    To overcome host defenses, bacterial pathogens of the genus Yersinia inject specific effector proteins into colonized mammalian cells...
  22. Putzker M, Sauer H, Sobe D. Plague and other human infections caused by Yersinia species. Clin Lab. 2001;47:453-66 pubmed
    ..Without treatment at least 50% of the affected individuals die from infection with Yersinia pestis, a bacterium belonging to the family of Enterobacteriaceae. The disease takes a fulminant course...
  23. Wren B. The yersiniae--a model genus to study the rapid evolution of bacterial pathogens. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2003;1:55-64 pubmed
    b>Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, seems to have evolved from a gastrointestinal pathogen, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, in just 1,500-20,000 years--an 'eye blink' in evolutionary time...
  24. Diepold A, Wiesand U, Cornelis G. The assembly of the export apparatus (YscR,S,T,U,V) of the Yersinia type III secretion apparatus occurs independently of other structural components and involves the formation of an YscV oligomer. Mol Microbiol. 2011;82:502-14 pubmed publisher
  25. Dewoody R, Merritt P, Marketon M. Regulation of the Yersinia type III secretion system: traffic control. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2013;3:4 pubmed publisher
    b>Yersinia species, as well as many other Gram-negative pathogens, use a type III secretion system (T3SS) to translocate effector proteins from the bacterial cytoplasm to the host cytosol...
  26. Busby J, Landsberg M, Simpson R, Jones S, Hankamer B, Hurst M, et al. Structural analysis of Chi1 Chitinase from Yen-Tc: the multisubunit insecticidal ABC toxin complex of Yersinia entomophaga. J Mol Biol. 2012;415:359-71 pubmed publisher
    b>Yersinia entomophaga MH96 is a native New Zealand soil bacterium that secretes a large ABC-type protein toxin complex, Yen-Tc, similar to those produced by nematode-associated bacteria such as Photorhabdus luminescens. Y...
  27. Riordan K, Schneewind O. YscU cleavage and the assembly of Yersinia type III secretion machine complexes. Mol Microbiol. 2008;68:1485-501 pubmed publisher
    YscU, a component of the Yersinia type III secretion machine, promotes auto-cleavage at asparagine 263 (N263)...
  28. Mokracka J, Koczura R, Kaznowski A. Yersiniabactin and other siderophores produced by clinical isolates of Enterobacter spp. and Citrobacter spp. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2004;40:51-5 pubmed
    ..Besides, we analyzed if the strains had the ability to produce the siderophore yersiniabactin coded by the Yersinia high-pathogenicity island (HPI). The presence of HPI genes was observed in single isolates of three species: E...
  29. Cornelis G, Boland A, Boyd A, Geuijen C, Iriarte M, Neyt C, et al. The virulence plasmid of Yersinia, an antihost genome. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 1998;62:1315-52 pubmed
    The 70-kb virulence plasmid enables Yersinia spp. (Yersinia pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, and Y. enterocolitica) to survive and multiply in the lymphoid tissues of their host...
  30. Brubaker R. Interleukin-10 and inhibition of innate immunity to Yersiniae: roles of Yops and LcrV (V antigen). Infect Immun. 2003;71:3673-81 pubmed
  31. Altinok I, Grizzle J, Liu Z. Detection of Yersinia ruckeri in rainbow trout blood by use of the polymerase chain reaction. Dis Aquat Organ. 2001;44:29-34 pubmed
    We evaluated a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for detecting Yersinia ruckeri, the bacterial pathogen causing enteric redmouth disease (ERM), in blood of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss...
  32. Stenkova A, Isaeva M, Shubin F, Rasskazov V, Rakin A. Trends of the major porin gene (ompF) evolution: insight from the genus Yersinia. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20546 pubmed publisher
    ..Unfortunately, little is known on diversity of porin genes of Enterobacteriaceae and the genus Yersinia especially. We analyzed the sequences of the ompF gene from 73 Yersinia strains covering 14 known species...
  33. Isabel S, Leblanc E, Boissinot M, Boudreau D, Grondin M, Picard F, et al. Divergence among genes encoding the elongation factor Tu of Yersinia Species. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:7548-58 pubmed publisher
    ..analysis of tuf genes in our laboratory has revealed highly divergent copies in 72 strains spanning the genus Yersinia (representing 12 Yersinia species)...
  34. Kauppi A, Nordfelth R, Hägglund U, Wolf Watz H, Elofsson M. Salicylanilides are potent inhibitors of type III secretion in Yersinia. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;529:97-100 pubmed
  35. Welch T, Verner Jeffreys D, Dalsgaard I, Wiklund T, Evenhuis J, Cabrera J, et al. Independent emergence of Yersinia ruckeri biotype 2 in the United States and Europe. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:3493-9 pubmed publisher
    Biotype 2 (BT2) variants of the bacterium Yersinia ruckeri are an increasing disease problem in U.S...
  36. Darwin A. Regulation of the phage-shock-protein stress response in Yersinia enterocolitica. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;603:167-77 pubmed
    The phage-shock-protein (Psp) system of Yersinia enterocolitica encodes a stress response that is essential for viability when the secretin component of its Ysc type III secretion system is produced...
  37. Coquet L, Cosette P, Dé E, Galas L, Vaudry H, Rihouey C, et al. Immobilization induces alterations in the outer membrane protein pattern of Yersinia ruckeri. J Proteome Res. 2005;4:1988-98 pubmed
    We compared the outer membrane protein (OMP) pattern of 2-day-old immobilized Yersinia ruckericells (IC) with that of early (FC24) and late (FC48) stationary-phase planktonic counterparts. Fifty-five OMPs were identified...
  38. Dube P. Interaction of Yersinia with the gut: mechanisms of pathogenesis and immune evasion. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2009;337:61-91 pubmed publisher
    b>Yersinia entercolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis are human foodborne pathogens that interact extensively with tissues of the gut and the host's immune system to cause disease...
  39. Thomson N, Howard S, Wren B, Prentice M. Comparative genome analyses of the pathogenic Yersiniae based on the genome sequence of Yersinia enterocolitica strain 8081. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;603:2-16 pubmed
    This chapter represents a summary of the findings from the Yersinia enterocolitica strain 8081 whole genome sequence and the associated microarray analysis...
  40. Ruckdeschel K. Immunomodulation of macrophages by pathogenic Yersinia species. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2002;50:131-7 pubmed
    ..Pathogenic species of the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia deploy complex strategies to disarm macrophages and to disrupt their response to infection...
  41. Sorg I, Wagner S, Amstutz M, Müller S, Broz P, Lussi Y, et al. YscU recognizes translocators as export substrates of the Yersinia injectisome. EMBO J. 2007;26:3015-24 pubmed
    YscU is an essential component of the export apparatus of the Yersinia injectisome. It consists of an N-terminal transmembrane domain and a long cytoplasmic C-terminal domain, which undergoes auto-cleavage at a NPTH site...
  42. Aepfelbacher M, Trasak C, Ruckdeschel K. Effector functions of pathogenic Yersinia species. Thromb Haemost. 2007;98:521-9 pubmed
    Pathogenic species of the genus Yersinia suppress and reorient the immune system to infect lymphatic tissues, inner organs and at times also the vasculature...
  43. Heroven A, Böhme K, Tran Winkler H, Dersch P. Regulatory elements implicated in the environmental control of invasin expression in enteropathogenic Yersinia. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;603:156-66 pubmed
    During infections of the intestinal tract Yersinia pseudotuberculosis penetrates the epithelial cell layer through M-cells into the Peyer's patches...
  44. Mogemark L, McGee K, Yuan M, Deleuil F, Fallman M. Disruption of target cell adhesion structures by the Yersinia effector YopH requires interaction with the substrate domain of p130Cas. Eur J Cell Biol. 2005;84:477-89 pubmed
    The docking protein p130Cas has, together with FAK, been found as a target of the Yersinia virulence effector YopH...
  45. Murros Kontiainen A, Fredriksson Ahomaa M, Korkeala H, Johansson P, Rahkila R, Björkroth J. Yersinia nurmii sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:2368-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences grouped these strains together and within the genus Yersinia. MLSA of the 16S rRNA gene and four housekeeping genes showed that the strains formed a monophyletic group ..
  46. Schiano C, Lathem W. Post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in Yersinia species. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2012;2:129 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Yersinia species of bacteria are known to use various forms of post-transcriptional regulation for control of many ..
  47. Sulakvelidze A, Kreger A, Joseph A, Robins Browne R, Fasano A, Wauters G, et al. Production of enterotoxin by Yersinia bercovieri, a recently identified Yersinia enterocolitica-like species. Infect Immun. 1999;67:968-71 pubmed
    b>Yersinia bercovieri, a recently identified Y. enterocolitica-like species, produces a heat-stable enterotoxin (designated YbST) which has biologic activity in infant mice and increases short circuit current in Ussing chambers...
  48. Dodd S, Hurst M, Glare T, O Callaghan M, Ronson C. Occurrence of sep insecticidal toxin complex genes in Serratia spp. and Yersinia frederiksenii. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:6584-92 pubmed
    ..entomophila, S. liquefaciens, S. proteamaculans, and a plasmid from Yersinia frederiksenii...
  49. Zheng Y, Lilo S, Mena P, Bliska J. YopJ-induced caspase-1 activation in Yersinia-infected macrophages: independent of apoptosis, linked to necrosis, dispensable for innate host defense. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36019 pubmed publisher
    b>Yersinia outer protein J (YopJ) is a type III secretion system (T3SS) effector of pathogenic Yersinia (Yersinia pestis, Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis) that is secreted into host cells...
  50. Skurnik M, Toivonen S. Identification of distinct lipopolysaccharide patterns among Yersinia enterocolitica and Y. enterocolitica-like bacteria. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2011;76:823-31 pubmed publisher
    The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of strains representing various serotypes of Yersinia enterocolitica and Y. enterocolitica-like bacteria was studied by deoxycholate-PAGE and silver staining analysis...
  51. Cornelis G. The Yersinia Ysc-Yop 'type III' weaponry. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2002;3:742-52 pubmed
    ..Type III secretion is key to the pathogenesis of bacteria from the Yersinia genus.
  52. Kotetishvili M, Kreger A, Wauters G, Morris J, Sulakvelidze A, Stine O. Multilocus sequence typing for studying genetic relationships among Yersinia species. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2674-84 pubmed
    ..intra- and interspecies genetic relationships of 58 strains representing all currently known species of the genus Yersinia were examined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST), using sequence data from 16S RNA, glnA, gyrB, recA, and Y-..
  53. Zhang Y, Bliska J. Role of macrophage apoptosis in the pathogenesis of Yersinia. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2005;289:151-73 pubmed
    b>Yersinia species that are pathogenic for humans (Yersinia pestis, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, and Yersinia enterocolitica) induce apoptosis in macrophages...
  54. Mammeri H, Poirel L, Nazik H, Nordmann P. Cloning and functional characterization of the ambler class C beta-lactamase of Yersinia ruckeri. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006;257:57-62 pubmed
    b>Yersinia ruckeri is a gram-negative pathogen causing enteric redmouth disease in salmonids. Previous studies have reported that Y. ruckeri harbors an ampC gene that is expressed at low level...
  55. Stock I, Henrichfreise B, Wiedemann B. Natural antibiotic susceptibility and biochemical profiles of Yersinia enterocolitica-like strains: Y. bercovieri, Y. mollaretii, Y. aldovae and 'Y. ruckeri'. J Med Microbiol. 2002;51:56-69 pubmed
    The natural susceptibility of 54 Yersinia enterocolitica-like strains of Y. bercovieri (formerly Y. enterocolitica biovar 3B, n = 17), Y. mollaretii (formerly Y enterocolitica biovar 3A, n = 12), Y. aldovae (formerly Y...
  56. Bengoechea J, Skurnik M. Temperature-regulated efflux pump/potassium antiporter system mediates resistance to cationic antimicrobial peptides in Yersinia. Mol Microbiol. 2000;37:67-80 pubmed
    ..Here we report, the characterization of a novel CAMPs resistance mechanism present in Yersinia that is dependent on an efflux pump/potassium antiporter system formed by the RosA and RosB proteins...
  57. Carniel E. Evolution of pathogenic Yersinia, some lights in the dark. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;529:3-12 pubmed
  58. Fredriksson Ahomaa M, Wacheck S, Bonke R, Stephan R. Different enteropathogenic Yersinia strains found in wild boars and domestic pigs. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011;8:733-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis strains isolated from wild boars and fattening pigs were characterized and compared with each other. In wild boars, ail-positive Y...
  59. Lasch P, Nattermann H, Erhard M, Stämmler M, Grunow R, Bannert N, et al. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry compatible inactivation method for highly pathogenic microbial cells and spores. Anal Chem. 2008;80:2026-34 pubmed publisher
    ..This MALDI-TOF/ICMS compatible sample preparation protocol is simple and rapid (30 min) and assures reliable inactivation of vegetative cells and spores of highly pathogenic (BSL-3) microorganisms...
  60. Hurst M, Jones S, Binglin T, Harper L, Jackson T, Glare T. The main virulence determinant of Yersinia entomophaga MH96 is a broad-host-range toxin complex active against insects. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:1966-80 pubmed publisher
    ..transposon mutagenesis and DNA sequence analysis, the main disease determinant of the entomopathogenic bacterium Yersinia entomophaga MH96 was localized to an ~32-kb pathogenicity island (PAI) designated PAI(Ye??)...
  61. Petermann S, Sherwood J, Logue C. The Yersinia high pathogenicity island is present in Salmonella enterica Subspecies I isolated from turkeys. Microb Pathog. 2008;45:110-4 pubmed publisher
    The Yersinia high pathogenicity island (HPI) encodes a yersiniabactin-mediated iron acquisition system present in highly pathogenic strains of Yersinia and several members of the Enterobacteriaceae...
  62. Rosenzweig J, Chopra A. Modulation of host immune defenses by Aeromonas and Yersinia species: convergence on toxins secreted by various secretion systems. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2013;3:70 pubmed publisher
    Like other pathogenic bacteria, Yersinia and Aeromonas species have been continuously co-evolving with their respective hosts...
  63. Garcia J, Dominguez L, Larsen J, Pedersen K. Ribotyping and plasmid profiling of Yersinia ruckeri. J Appl Microbiol. 1998;85:949-55 pubmed
    A total of 183 strains of Yersinia ruckeri, isolated from a wide variety of sources, were studied with respect to their plasmid profile and ribotype patterns...
  64. Lloyd S, Forsberg A, Wolf Watz H, Francis M. Targeting exported substrates to the Yersinia TTSS: different functions for different signals?. Trends Microbiol. 2001;9:367-71 pubmed
    ..Previous studies have indicated that exported substrates are targeted to the Yersinia TTSS via the coding regions of their 5' mRNA sequences, as well as by their cognate chaperones...
  65. Aepfelbacher M, Heesemann J. Modulation of Rho GTPases and the actin cytoskeleton by Yersinia outer proteins (Yops). Int J Med Microbiol. 2001;291:269-76 pubmed
    Pathogenic species of the genus Yersinia employ a type III secretion apparatus to inject up to six effector proteins (Yersinia outer proteins; Yops) into host cells...
  66. Bartra S, Cherepanov P, Forsberg A, Schesser K. The Yersinia YopE and YopH type III effector proteins enhance bacterial proliferation following contact with eukaryotic cells. BMC Microbiol. 2001;1:22 pubmed
    ..Although host-cell contact enhanced Yop expression as well as the cellular activities of several Yops have recently been described, a clear link between these phenomena and bacterial survival and/or proliferation remains to be established..
  67. Oraić D, Zrncić S, Sostaric B, Bazulic D, Lipej Z. Occurrence of enteric redmouth disease in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) on farms in Croatia. Acta Vet Hung. 2002;50:283-91 pubmed
    ..Bacterial isolates from moribund fish from both cases were identified as Yersinia ruckeri by standard biochemical tests and API 20E...
  68. Cornelis G. How Yops find their way out of Yersinia. Mol Microbiol. 2003;50:1091-4 pubmed
  69. Carniel E. The Yersinia high-pathogenicity island. Int Microbiol. 1999;2:161-7 pubmed
    A pathogenicity island present only in highly pathogenic strains of Yersinia (Y. enterocolitica 1B, Y. pseudotuberculosis I and Y. pestis) has been identified on the chromosome of Yersinia spp...
  70. Cornelis G. Yersinia type III secretion: send in the effectors. J Cell Biol. 2002;158:401-8 pubmed
    Pathogenic Yersinia spp (Yersinia pestis, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, and Yersinia enterocolitica) have evolved an exquisite method for delivering powerful effectors into cells of the host immune system where they inhibit signaling ..
  71. Koczura R, Kaznowski A. The Yersinia high-pathogenicity island and iron-uptake systems in clinical isolates of Escherichia coli. J Med Microbiol. 2003;52:637-42 pubmed
    ..The majority of the isolates also excreted yersiniabactin, which is encoded by the Yersinia high-pathogenicity island (HPI)...
  72. Murros Kontiainen A, Johansson P, Niskanen T, Fredriksson Ahomaa M, Korkeala H, Björkroth J. Yersinia pekkanenii sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:2363-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Controversially, API 20 E and some other phenotypic tests suggested that the strains belong to Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, which prompted this polyphasic taxonomic study...
  73. Lerat E, Ochman H. Recognizing the pseudogenes in bacterial genomes. Nucleic Acids Res. 2005;33:3125-32 pubmed
    ..The numbers of pseudogenes range from 27 in Staphylococcus aureus MW2 to 337 in Yersinia pestis CO92 (e.g. 1-8% of the annotated genes in the genome)...
  74. Brodsky I, Palm N, Sadanand S, Ryndak M, Sutterwala F, Flavell R, et al. A Yersinia effector protein promotes virulence by preventing inflammasome recognition of the type III secretion system. Cell Host Microbe. 2010;7:376-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate that caspase-1 activation in response to the Yersinia type III secretion system (T3SS) requires the adaptor ASC and involves both NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasomes...
  75. Darwin A. Genome-wide screens to identify genes of human pathogenic Yersinia species that are expressed during host infection. Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2005;7:135-49 pubmed
    ..These techniques have been used to identify virulence genes in the three human pathogenic Yersinia species, Y. enterocolitica, Y. pseudotuberculosis and Y...
  76. Hertwig S, Popp A, Freytag B, Lurz R, Appel B. Generalized transduction of small Yersinia enterocolitica plasmids. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65:3862-6 pubmed
    To study phage-mediated gene transfer in Yersinia, the ability of Yersinia phages to transduce naturally occurring plasmids was investigated...
  77. Schubert S, Dufke S, Sorsa J, Heesemann J. A novel integrative and conjugative element (ICE) of Escherichia coli: the putative progenitor of the Yersinia high-pathogenicity island. Mol Microbiol. 2004;51:837-48 pubmed
    ..genes involved in siderophore-mediated iron acquisition (yersiniabactin system) has previously been identified in Yersinia pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis and Y...
  78. Nejedlik L, Pierfelice T, Geiser J. Actin distribution is disrupted upon expression of Yersinia YopO/YpkA in yeast. Yeast. 2004;21:759-68 pubmed
    Pathogenic Yersinia spp. use a Type III secretion system to inject effector proteins directly into host cells...
  79. Demarta A, De Respinis S, Dolina M, Peduzzi R. Molecular typing of Yersinia frederiksenii strains by means of 16s rDNA and gyrB genes sequence analyses. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2004;238:423-8 pubmed
    The phenospecies Yersinia frederiksenii is known to comprise three genospecies, indistinguishable on the basis of phenotypic characteristics. In previous works, 13 strains, identified biochemically as Y...
  80. Guinet F, Carniel E. A technique of intradermal injection of Yersinia to study Y. pestis physiopathology. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003;529:73-8 pubmed
  81. Del Cerro A, Marquez I, Guijarro J. Simultaneous detection of Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, and Yersinia ruckeri, three major fish pathogens, by multiplex PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:5177-80 pubmed
    ..simultaneous detection of three major fish pathogens, Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, and Yersinia ruckeri...
  82. Schubert S, Rakin A, Heesemann J. The Yersinia high-pathogenicity island (HPI): evolutionary and functional aspects. Int J Med Microbiol. 2004;294:83-94 pubmed
    The high-pathogenicity island (HPI) is a genomic island essential for the mouse-virulence phenotype in Yersinia and indispensable for pathogenicity of Yersinia and certain pathotypes of Escherichia coli...
  83. Baldwin M, Barbieri J. The type III cytotoxins of Yersinia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa that modulate the actin cytoskeleton. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2005;291:147-66 pubmed
    ..In contrast, Yersinia utilizes actin modulating toxins to block internalization by professional antigen-presenting cells such as ..
  84. Andor A, Trulzsch K, Essler M, Roggenkamp A, Wiedemann A, Heesemann J, et al. YopE of Yersinia, a GAP for Rho GTPases, selectively modulates Rac-dependent actin structures in endothelial cells. Cell Microbiol. 2001;3:301-10 pubmed
    b>Yersinia spp. inject effector proteins (Yersinia outer proteins, Yops) into target cells via a type III secretion apparatus. The effector YopE was recently shown to possess GAP activity towards the Rho GTPases RhoA, Rac and CDC42 in vitro...
  85. Cocolin L, Comi G. Use of a culture-independent molecular method to study the ecology of Yersinia spp. in food. Int J Food Microbiol. 2005;105:71-82 pubmed
    A culture-independent method for the direct detection in food of Yersinia spp. was developed in this study...
  86. Ruckdeschel K, Deuretzbacher A, Haase R. Crosstalk of signalling processes of innate immunity with Yersinia Yop effector functions. Immunobiology. 2008;213:261-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Gram-negative, pathogenic bacteria from the genus Yersinia deliver a set of virulence proteins, the so-called Yersinia outer proteins (Yops), inside the eukaryotic cell ..
  87. Ellison D, Miller V. Regulation of virulence by members of the MarR/SlyA family. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2006;9:153-9 pubmed
    ..RovA, SlyA and PecS have all been shown to act as derepressors by competing for binding sites with repressors. Recently, RovA also was found to enhance transcription through interaction with RNA polymerase...