proteus vulgaris

Summary

Summary: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.

Top Publications

  1. Deetae P, Mounier J, Bonnarme P, Spinnler H, Irlinger F, Helinck S. Effects of Proteus vulgaris growth on the establishment of a cheese microbial community and on the production of volatile aroma compounds in a model cheese. J Appl Microbiol. 2009;107:1404-13 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the impact of Proteus vulgaris growth on a multispecies ecosystem and on volatile aroma compound production during cheese ripening.
  2. Blumenthal R, Gregory S, Cooperider J. Cloning of a restriction-modification system from Proteus vulgaris and its use in analyzing a methylase-sensitive phenotype in Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1985;164:501-9 pubmed
    A 4.84-kilobase-pair plasmid was isolated from Proteus vulgaris (ATCC 13315) and cloned into the plasmid vector pBR322. Plasmid pBR322 contains substrate sites for the restriction endonucleases PvuI and PvuII...
  3. Wang Y, Wang Y, Wu C, Schwarz S, Shen Z, Zhang W, et al. Detection of the staphylococcal multiresistance gene cfr in Proteus vulgaris of food animal origin. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2011;66:2521-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the presence and the genetic environment of the multiresistance gene cfr in naturally occurring Gram-negative bacteria of pigs...
  4. Olson L. Medicine: clearing a path for nerve growth. Nature. 2002;416:589-90 pubmed
  5. Perepelov A, Kołodziejska K, Kondakova A, Wykrota M, Knirel Y, Sidorczyk Z, et al. Structure of the O-polysaccharide of Proteus serogroup O34 containing 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-galactosyl phosphate. Carbohydr Res. 2004;339:2145-9 pubmed
    On mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O34, strain CCUG 4669, the O-polysaccharide was cleaved at a glycosyl-phosphate linkage that is present in the main chain...
  6. Prabhakar V, Raman R, Capila I, Bosques C, Pojasek K, Sasisekharan R. Biochemical characterization of the chondroitinase ABC I active site. Biochem J. 2005;390:395-405 pubmed
    cABC I (chondroitinase ABC I) from Proteus vulgaris is a GalAG (galactosaminoglycan) depolymerizing lyase that cleaves its substrates at the glycosidic bond via beta-elimination...
  7. Barberis Maino L, Berger B chi B, Weber H, Beck W, Kayser F. IS431, a staphylococcal insertion sequence-like element related to IS26 from Proteus vulgaris. Gene. 1987;59:107-13 pubmed
    ..Both IRs share a 10-bp homology with the IR of IS26 from Proteus vulgaris. No directly repeated sequences were detected immediately adjacent to the IRs...
  8. Mandal S, Mandal M, Pal N, Halder P, Basu P. R-factor in Proteus vulgaris from ulcerative disease of fish, Channa punctatus. Indian J Exp Biol. 2002;40:614-6 pubmed
    A Proteus vulgaris isolated from external ulcers of the fresh water fish Channa punctatus showed multidrug resistance and heavy metal tolerance...
  9. Prabhakar V, Capila I, Bosques C, Pojasek K, Sasisekharan R. Chondroitinase ABC I from Proteus vulgaris: cloning, recombinant expression and active site identification. Biochem J. 2005;386:103-12 pubmed
    ..In the present paper, we report the subcloning of cABC I from Proteus vulgaris, and discuss a simple methodology for the recombinant expression and purification of this enzyme...

More Information

Publications88

  1. Zhilenkov E, Popova V, Popov D, Zavalsky L, Svetoch E, Stern N, et al. The ability of flagellum-specific Proteus vulgaris bacteriophage PV22 to interact with Campylobacter jejuni flagella in culture. Virol J. 2006;3:50 pubmed
    ..There has been a recent resurgent interest in bacteriophage biology. Research was initiated to examine Campylobacter jejuni-specific bacteriophage in the Russian Federation to develop alternative control measures for this pathogen...
  2. Arbatsky N, Kondakova A, Senchenkova S, Siwińska M, Shashkov A, Zych K, et al. Structure of a new ribitol teichoic acid-like O-polysaccharide of a serologically separate Proteus vulgaris strain, TG 276-1, classified into a new Proteus serogroup O53. Carbohydr Res. 2007;342:2061-6 pubmed
    ..was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide from a previously non-classified Proteus vulgaris strain TG 276-1...
  3. Mruk I, Rajesh P, Blumenthal R. Regulatory circuit based on autogenous activation-repression: roles of C-boxes and spacer sequences in control of the PvuII restriction-modification system. Nucleic Acids Res. 2007;35:6935-52 pubmed
    ..Any changes in that spacer reduced the stability of C.PvuII-operator complexes and abolished activation...
  4. Zhao X, McEntee K. DNA sequence analysis of the recA genes from Proteus vulgaris, Erwinia carotovora, Shigella flexneri and Escherichia coli B/r. Mol Gen Genet. 1990;222:369-76 pubmed
    ..nucleotide sequences of the recA genes from Escherichia coli B/r, Shigella flexneri, Erwinia carotovora and Proteus vulgaris were determined. The DNA sequence of the coding region of the E...
  5. Huang W, Lunin V, Li Y, Suzuki S, Sugiura N, Miyazono H, et al. Crystal structure of Proteus vulgaris chondroitin sulfate ABC lyase I at 1.9A resolution. J Mol Biol. 2003;328:623-34 pubmed
    Chondroitin Sulfate ABC lyase I from Proteus vulgaris is an endolytic, broad-specificity glycosaminoglycan lyase, which degrades chondroitin, chondroitin-4-sulfate, dermatan sulfate, chondroitin-6-sulfate, and hyaluronan by beta-..
  6. Kondakova A, Kolodziejska K, Zych K, Senchenkova S, Shashkov A, Knirel Y, et al. Structure of the N-acetyl-L-rhamnosamine-containing O-polysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris TG 155 from a new Proteus serogroup, O55. Carbohydr Res. 2003;338:1999-2004 pubmed
    The O-polysaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Proteus vulgaris TG 155 was found to contain 2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-L-mannose (N-acetyl-L-rhamnosamine, L-RhaNAc), a monosaccharide that occurs rarely in Nature...
  7. Hall B. The rtn gene of Proteus vulgaris is actually from Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 1997;179:2433-4 pubmed
    The rtn gene, identified as coming from Proteus vulgaris ATCC 13315, is present in Escherichia coli K-12, and over a 440-bp region of rtn is identical to the published Proteus sequence, with the exception of a single G insertion...
  8. Ikeda Y, Fukuoka Y, Motomura K, Yasuda T, Nishino T. Paradoxical activity of beta-lactam antibiotics against Proteus vulgaris in experimental infection in mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990;34:94-7 pubmed
    ..of the 7-aminothiazolyl cephalosporins, such as cefmenoxime, showed paradoxically reduced activity against Proteus vulgaris at higher concentrations, whereas these paradoxical effects were not observed for other types of ..
  9. Pasco N, Baronian K, Jeffries C, Webber J, Hay J. MICREDOX--development of a ferricyanide-mediated rapid biochemical oxygen demand method using an immobilised Proteus vulgaris biocomponent. Biosens Bioelectron. 2004;20:524-32 pubmed
    ..Elevated concentrations of Proteus vulgaris, either as free cells or immobilised in Lentikat disks, were incubated with an excess of redox mediator (..
  10. Sato N, Shimada M, Nakajima H, Oda H, Kimura S. Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene encoding the Proteus vulgaris chondroitin ABC lyase. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1994;41:39-46 pubmed
    The structural gene encoding chondroitin ABC lyase from Proteus vulgaris was cloned and sequenced...
  11. Nukaga M, Mayama K, Crichlow G, Knox J. Structure of an extended-spectrum class A beta-lactamase from Proteus vulgaris K1. J Mol Biol. 2002;317:109-17 pubmed
    ..75 A resolution. The species-specific class A beta-lactamase from Proteus vulgaris K1 was crystallized at pH 6.25 and its structure solved by molecular replacement...
  12. Cruz Vera L, Yang R, Yanofsky C. Tryptophan inhibits Proteus vulgaris TnaC leader peptide elongation, activating tna operon expression. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:7001-6 pubmed publisher
    Expression of the tna operon of Escherichia coli and of Proteus vulgaris is induced by L-tryptophan. In E...
  13. Kulikova V, Zakomirdina L, Dementieva I, Phillips R, Gollnick P, Demidkina T, et al. Tryptophanase from Proteus vulgaris: the conformational rearrangement in the active site, induced by the mutation of Tyrosine 72 to phenylalanine, and its mechanistic consequences. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006;1764:750-7 pubmed
    Tyr72 is located at the active site of tryptophanase (Trpase) from Proteus vulgaris. For the wild-type Trpase Tyr72 might be considered as the general acid catalyst at the stage of elimination of the leaving groups...
  14. Kołodziejska K, Perepelov A, Zabłotni A, Drzewiecka D, Senchenkova S, Zych K, et al. Structure of the glycerol phosphate-containing O-polysaccharides and serological studies of the lipopolysaccharides of Proteus mirabilis CCUG 10704 (OE) and Proteus vulgaris TG 103 classified into a new Proteus serogroup, O54. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2006;47:267-74 pubmed
    O-Polysaccharides were obtained from the lipopolysaccharides of Proteus mirabilis CCUG 10704 (OE) and Proteus vulgaris TG 103 and studied by chemical analyses and one- and two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance ..
  15. Prabhakar V, Capila I, Soundararajan V, Raman R, Sasisekharan R. Recombinant expression, purification, and biochemical characterization of chondroitinase ABC II from Proteus vulgaris. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:974-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Two distinct chondroitinase ABC enzymes, cABCI and cABCII, were identified in Proteus vulgaris. Recently, cABCI was cloned, recombinantly expressed, and extensively characterized structurally and ..
  16. Knowle D, Lintner R, Touma Y, Blumenthal R. Nature of the promoter activated by C.PvuII, an unusual regulatory protein conserved among restriction-modification systems. J Bacteriol. 2005;187:488-97 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that, like some other activator-dependent promoters, PpvuIICR may not require a -35 hexamer. Features of this transcription activation system suggest explanations for its broad host range...
  17. Rawson F, Garrett D, Leech D, Downard A, Baronian K. Electron transfer from Proteus vulgaris to a covalently assembled, single walled carbon nanotube electrode functionalised with osmium bipyridine complex: application to a whole cell biosensor. Biosens Bioelectron. 2011;26:2383-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The ability of the electrodes to transduce biologically generated currents from Proteus vulgaris has been established...
  18. Tao T, Blumenthal R. Sequence and characterization of pvuIIR, the PvuII endonuclease gene, and of pvuIIC, its regulatory gene. J Bacteriol. 1992;174:3395-8 pubmed
    ..Bacteriol. 173:1367-1375, 1991). Inducible constructs of pvuIIC produced a protein of the expected size. The site of C.PvuII action appears to lie within pvuIIC itself; thus, pvuIIC may be a self-contained regulatory cassette...
  19. Gingeras T, Greenough L, Schildkraut I, Roberts R. Two new restriction endonucleases from Proteus vulgaris. Nucleic Acids Res. 1981;9:4525-36 pubmed
    Two novel sequence-specific endonucleases have been isolated from Proteus vulgaris, ATCC 13315...
  20. Sekaninová G, Hofer M, Rychlik I, Pillich J, Kolarova M, Zajícová V, et al. A new phage typing scheme for Proteus mirabilis and Proteus vulgaris strains. 1. Morphological analysis. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 1994;39:381-6 pubmed
    ..They were classified into the families Myoviridae, Siphoviridae and Podoviridae. From the set, 19 phages had double-stranded DNA and 3 were single-stranded DNA phages...
  21. Calvin Koons M, Blumenthal R. Characterization of pPvu1, the autonomous plasmid from Proteus vulgaris that carries the genes of the PvuII restriction-modification system. Gene. 1995;157:73-9 pubmed
    Plasmid pPvu1 from Proteus vulgaris carries the genes of the PvuII restriction-modification system [Blumenthal et al., J. Bacteriol. 164 (1985) 501-509]. This report focuses on physical and functional features of the 4...
  22. Takahashi E, Ito K, Yoshimoto T. Cloning of L-amino acid deaminase gene from Proteus vulgaris. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1999;63:2244-7 pubmed
    The L-amino acid degrading enzyme gene from Proteus vulgaris was cloned and the nucleotide sequence of the enzyme gene was clarified...
  23. Naderer M, Brust J, Knowle D, Blumenthal R. Mobility of a restriction-modification system revealed by its genetic contexts in three hosts. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:2411-9 pubmed
    ..We have completed the sequence characterization of the PvuII plasmid pPvu1, originally from Proteus vulgaris, making this the first completely sequenced plasmid from the genus Proteus...
  24. Lone I, Khan K, Fozdar B, Hussain F. Synthesis antimicrobial and antioxidant studies of new oximes of steroidal chalcones. Steroids. 2013;78:945-50 pubmed publisher
    ..From the results it can be inferred that the compounds 4a-j showed significant antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity against all microbial strains used for testing. ..
  25. Bassin J, Botha M, Garikipati R, Goyal M, Martin L, Shah A. Synthesis and Antibacterial Activity of Benzo[4,5]isothiazolo[2,3-a]pyrazine-6,6-dioxide Derivatives. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..The synthesized compounds were screened for potential antibacterial properties against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris and Staphylococcus aureus.
  26. Mohammed M, Alnour T, Shakurfo O, Aburass M. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of bacterial strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infection in Messalata Central Hospital, Libya. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2016;9:771-6 pubmed publisher
    ..9%, each), Acinetobacter baumannii, Enterobacter aerogenes and Proteus vulgaris (1...
  27. Li Y, Chen Z, Zhou Z, Yuan Q. Expression, purification and characterization of GAPDH-ChSase ABC I from Proteus vulgaris in Escherichia coli. Protein Expr Purif. 2016;128:36-41 pubmed publisher
    ..The relative activity of GAPDH-ChSase ABC I remained 89% after being incubated at 30 °C for 180 min and the thermostability of ChSase ABC I was enhanced by GAPDH when it was incubated at 30, 35, 40 and 45 °C. ..
  28. Periyasami G, Raghunathan R, Surendiran G, Mathivanan N. Regioselective synthesis and antimicrobial screening of novel ketocarbazolodispiropyrrolidine derivatives. Eur J Med Chem. 2009;44:959-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The cycloadducts ketocarbazalo spiro N-methyl pyrrolidines showed the most interesting antimicrobial activity at lower concentration. ..
  29. Tuzuner T, Sencan I, Ozdemir D, Alper M, Duman S, Yavuz T, et al. In vivo evaluation of teicoplanin- and calcium sulfate-loaded PMMA bone cement in preventing implant-related osteomyelitis in rats. J Chemother. 2006;18:628-33 pubmed
  30. Simoncsits A, Tjörnhammar M, Rasko T, Kiss A, Pongor S. Covalent joining of the subunits of a homodimeric type II restriction endonuclease: single-chain PvuII endonuclease. J Mol Biol. 2001;309:89-97 pubmed
    ..The activity decrease is due to the lower turnover number and to the lower substrate affinity. The sc arrangement provides a facile route to obtain asymmetrically modified heterodimeric enzymes. ..
  31. Beach M, Osuna R. Identification and characterization of the fis operon in enteric bacteria. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:5932-46 pubmed
    ..were identified in the enteric bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia marcescens, Erwinia carotovora, and Proteus vulgaris but not in several nonenteric bacteria...
  32. Koulikova V, Zakomirdina L, Gogoleva O, Tsvetikova M, Morozova E, Komissarov V, et al. Stereospecificity of isotopic exchange of C-?-protons of glycine catalyzed by three PLP-dependent lyases: the unusual case of tyrosine phenol-lyase. Amino Acids. 2011;41:1247-56 pubmed publisher
    ..These changes can lead to relative stabilization of either the neutral amino group, accepting the ?-proton, or the respective ammonium group, which is formed after the proton abstraction. ..
  33. Malini A, Deepa E, Manohar P, Borappa K, Prasad S. Soft tissue infections with Arcanobacterium haemolyticum: report of three cases. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2008;26:192-5 pubmed
    ..patient, who was a diabetic with chronic osteomyelitis, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum was isolated along with Proteus vulgaris ...
  34. Yourassowsky E, van der Linden M, Lismont M, Crokaert F. Growth curve patterns of Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, and Proteus vulgaris submitted to different tigemonam concentrations. J Chemother. 1989;1 Suppl 2:49-53 pubmed
    Five strains of Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens, and Proteus vulgaris were exposed to a new monobactam, tigemonam, in comparison with aztreonam...
  35. Torzewska A, Staczek P, Rozalski A. Crystallization of urine mineral components may depend on the chemical nature of Proteus endotoxin polysaccharides. J Med Microbiol. 2003;52:471-7 pubmed
    ..This points to the increased importance of endotoxin in urinary tract infections. ..
  36. Hospital X, Hierro E, Arnau J, Carballo J, Aguirre J, Gratacós Cubarsí M, et al. Effect of nitrate and nitrite on Listeria and selected spoilage bacteria inoculated in dry-cured ham. Food Res Int. 2017;101:82-87 pubmed publisher
    ..And two selected spoilage microorganisms (Proteus vulgaris and Serratia liquefaciens) was studied in dry-cured ham...
  37. Yamaguchi K, Ohno A, Takahashi S, Hayashi M, Yamanaka K, Hirakata Y, et al. [In vitro antibacterial activities of cefteram and other beta-lactam agents against recent clinical isolates]. Jpn J Antibiot. 1998;51:11-25 pubmed
    ..CFTM and the other third-generation oral cephems showed excellent antibacterial activities against M. (B.) catarrhalis, N. gonorrhoeae, and H. influenzae, including ampicillin-resistant strains. ..
  38. Ishwarya R, Vaseeharan B, Kalyani S, Banumathi B, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, et al. Facile green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Ulva lactuca seaweed extract and evaluation of their photocatalytic, antibiofilm and insecticidal activity. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2018;178:249-258 pubmed publisher
    ..Nps on Gram positive (Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus pumilis) and Gram negative (Escherichia coliand Proteus vulgaris) bacteria. High antibiofilm potential was noted under both dark and sunlight conditions...
  39. Lu Y, Lin Q, Wang J, Wu Y, Bao W, Lv F, et al. Overexpression and characterization in Bacillus subtilis of a positionally nonspecific lipase from Proteus vulgaris. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;37:919-25 pubmed publisher
    A Proteus vulgaris strain named T6 which produced lipase (PVL) with nonpositional specificity had been isolated in our laboratory...
  40. Lu Y, Gu J, Tang Y, Lv F, Bei X, Lu Z. [Cloning and expression of non-position-specific lipase gene from Proteus vulgaris]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2010;50:755-61 pubmed
    To produce Proteus vulgaris lipase (PVL) in large quantities, we cloned and expressed the lipase gene in Escherichia coli...
  41. Akinsanya M, Goh J, Lim S, Ting A. Diversity, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of culturable bacterial endophyte communities in Aloe vera. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2015;362:fnv184 pubmed publisher
    ..against pathogenic Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Salmonella Typhimurium, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pyogenes and Candida albicans, with inhibition zones ..
  42. Klink M, Cedzynski M, St Swierzko A, Tchorzewski H, Sulowska Z. Involvement of nitric oxide donor compounds in the bactericidal activity of human neutrophils in vitro. J Med Microbiol. 2003;52:303-8 pubmed
    ..In contrast, NO donors enhanced the ability of neutrophils to kill Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris and Salmonella Anatum...
  43. Abinaya M, Vaseeharan B, Divya M, Sharmili A, Govindarajan M, Alharbi N, et al. Bacterial exopolysaccharide (EPS)-coated ZnO nanoparticles showed high antibiofilm activity and larvicidal toxicity against malaria and Zika virus vectors. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2018;45:93-103 pubmed publisher
    ..as 100?g/ml significantly inhibited the effective growth control of Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris) and Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus) bacteria...
  44. Ghosh A, Das B, Roy A, Mandal B, Chandra G. Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plant extracts. J Nat Med. 2008;62:259-62 pubmed publisher
    ..pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 2940, Bacillus subtilis MTCC 441, Escherichia coli MTCC 739, Proteus vulgaris MTCC 426 and Enterobacter aerogenes MTCC 111)...
  45. Pioselli B, Bettati S, Demidkina T, Zakomirdina L, Phillips R, Mozzarelli A. Tyrosine phenol-lyase and tryptophan indole-lyase encapsulated in wet nanoporous silica gels: Selective stabilization of tertiary conformations. Protein Sci. 2004;13:913-24 pubmed
    ..This finding indicates that subtle structural and dynamic differences can lead to distinct interactions of the protein with the gel matrix. ..
  46. Murata T, Ohnishi M, Ara T, Kaneko J, Han C, Li Y, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence of plasmid Rts1: implications for evolution of large plasmid genomes. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:3194-202 pubmed
    Rts1, a large conjugative plasmid originally isolated from Proteus vulgaris, is a prototype for the IncT plasmids and exhibits pleiotropic thermosensitive phenotypes. Here we report the complete nucleotide sequence of Rts1...
  47. Kaw M, Blumenthal R. Translational independence between overlapping genes for a restriction endonuclease and its transcriptional regulator. BMC Mol Biol. 2010;11:87 pubmed publisher
    ..Direct tests failed to detect regulatory rules for either gene overlap or the putative hairpins. Thus, at least during balanced growth, transcriptional control appears to be sufficiently robust for proper regulation of this RM system. ..
  48. Dubinin N, Vaulina E, Kordyum V, Sytnik K, Palmbakh L, Vinnikov Y, et al. Biological investigations of higher and lower plants aboard Soyuz 19. Life Sci Space Res. 1977;15:113-8 pubmed
    ..The experiment "Growth of micro-organisms" was conducted with a culture of Proteus vulgaris in a growth chamber...
  49. Brandi A, Pon C, Gualerzi C. Interaction of the main cold shock protein CS7.4 (CspA) of Escherichia coli with the promoter region of hns. Biochimie. 1994;76:1090-8 pubmed
    ..other hand, was found not to be stringently required for cold shock activation since expression of E coli of an hns-cat fusion containing the Proteus vulgaris hns promoter lacking a CCAAT box increased over four-fold after cold shock.
  50. Arumugam N, Periyasami G, Raghunathan R, Kamalraj S, Muthumary J. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of highly functionalised novel ?-lactam grafted spiropyrrolidines and pyrrolizidines. Eur J Med Chem. 2011;46:600-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The synthesized compounds were evaluated for antimicrobial activities and found to exhibit relatively good antibacterial activity at lower concentration against four human bacterial pathogens...
  51. Tosa T, Sano R, Yamamoto K, Nakamura M, Chibata I. L-asparaginase from Proteus vulgaris. Purification, crystallization, and enzymic properties. Biochemistry. 1972;11:217-22 pubmed
  52. Torzewska A, Kondakova A, Perepelov A, Senchenkova S, Shashkov A, Rozalski A, et al. Structure of the O-specific polysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O37 and close serological relatedness of the lipopolysaccharides of P. vulgaris O37 and P. vulgaris O46. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2001;31:227-34 pubmed
    The O-specific polysaccharide (O-antigen) of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Proteus vulgaris O37 was studied by (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy before and after O-deacetylation and found to be structurally similar ..
  53. Coopoosamy R, Naidoo K. A comparative study of three Aloe species used to treat skin diseases in South African rural communities. J Altern Complement Med. 2013;19:425-8 pubmed publisher
    ..All three species display similar curative properties, aiding in wound healing, cures against other skin ailments, and some systemic conditions...
  54. Tsesin N, Kogan A, Gdalevsky G, Himanen J, Cohen Luria R, Parola A, et al. The structure of apo tryptophanase from Escherichia coli reveals a wide-open conformation. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2007;63:969-74 pubmed
    ..revealed a significant shift in the relative orientation of the domains compared with both the holo form of Proteus vulgaris tryptophanase and with another crystal structure of apo E...
  55. Sakurai Y, Yoshida Y, Saitoh K, Nemoto M, Yamaguchi A, Sawai T. Characteristics of aztreonam as a substrate, inhibitor and inducer for beta-lactamases. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1990;43:403-10 pubmed
    ..Aztreonam was hydrolyzed at measurable rates by class A beta-lactamases, a TEM-2 type penicillinase and the Proteus vulgaris cephalosporinase with a broad substrate range...
  56. Singh L, Avula S, Raj S, Srivastava A, Palnati G, Tripathi C, et al. Coumarin-benzimidazole hybrids as a potent antimicrobial agent: synthesis and biological elevation. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2017;70:954-961 pubmed publisher
    ..spectrum antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Proteus vulgaris. In addition, it has showed no cytotoxicity and hemolysis at 10 times the MIC concentration...
  57. Sudhakar M, Rao C, Rao P, Raju D. Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Cleome viscosa and Gmelina asiatica. Fitoterapia. 2006;77:47-9 pubmed
    ..exhibited a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, particularly significative against Escherichia coli , Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The leaf extract of C. viscosa showed moderate activity against pathogenic fungi.
  58. Kondakova A, Vinogradov E, Lindner B, Knirel Y, Amano K. Structural studies on the lipopolysaccharide core of Proteus OX strains used in Weil-Felix test: a mass spectrometric approach. Carbohydr Res. 2003;338:2697-709 pubmed
    ..The outer core region has essentially the same structure in Proteus vulgaris OX19 (serogroup O1) and OX2 (serogroup O2) and a different structure in Proteus mirabilis OXK (serogroup O3)...
  59. Farmakis E, Kontakiotis E, Tseleni Kotsovili A, Tsatsas V. Comparative in vitro antibacterial activity of six root canal sealers against Enterococcus faecalis and Proteus vulgaris. J Investig Clin Dent. 2012;3:271-5 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the antimicrobial properties of six endodontic sealers in unset and set states against Enterococcus faecalis and Proteus vulgaris.
  60. Gül N, Ozkorkmaz E, Kelesoglu I, Ozluk A. An ultrastructural study, effects of Proteus vulgaris OX19 on the rabbit spleen cells. Micron. 2013;44:133-6 pubmed publisher
    Effects of Proteus vulgaris OX19 on the spleen cells of rabbits were investigated. Control group (n=5) and Proteus treated group (n=5) of New Zealand male rabbits were used in this study...
  61. Aranda J, Roca M, Tu n I. Substrate promiscuity in DNA methyltransferase M.PvuII. A mechanistic insight. Org Biomol Chem. 2012;10:5395-400 pubmed publisher
    M.PvuII is a DNA methyltransferase from the bacterium Proteus vulgaris that catalyzes methylation of cytosine at the N4 position. This enzyme also displays promiscuous activity catalyzing methylation of adenine at the N6 position...
  62. López Sandoval H, Londoño Lemos M, Garza Velasco R, Poblano Meléndez I, Granada Macías P, Gracia Mora I, et al. Synthesis, structure and biological activities of cobalt(II) and zinc(II) coordination compounds with 2-benzimidazole derivatives. J Inorg Biochem. 2008;102:1267-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris. Their cytotoxic activity was also evaluated using human cancer lines, HeLa, HCT-15 and SKLU-1...
  63. Ziino G, Giuffrida A, Bilei S, Panebianco A. Bacteria isolated from 25 hydatid cysts in sheep, cattle and goats. Vet Rec. 2009;165:234-6 pubmed
    ..Citrobacter freundii was isolated from seven of the cysts, Aeromonas hydrophila from three, Staphylococcus species from two, Salmonella species from two and Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris from one.
  64. Hamai A, Hashimoto N, Mochizuki H, Kato F, Makiguchi Y, Horie K, et al. Two distinct chondroitin sulfate ABC lyases. An endoeliminase yielding tetrasaccharides and an exoeliminase preferentially acting on oligosaccharides. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:9123-30 pubmed
    Crude enzyme obtained from chondroitin sulfate-induced Proteus vulgaris NCTC 4636 has been fractionated into 1) an endoeliminase capable of depolymerizing chondroitin sulfate and related polysaccharides to produce, as end products, a ..
  65. Mokracka J, Gruszczyńska B, Kaznowski A. Integrons, ?-lactamase and qnr genes in multidrug resistant clinical isolates of Proteus mirabilis and P. vulgaris. APMIS. 2012;120:950-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance was determined by qnrD and qnrS1 genes. This is the first report of P. vulgaris strains harbouring qnrD genes in Europe...
  66. Midgaard C, Wathne K. [A puzzle of the physician and the patient]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2006;126:1756-7 pubmed
  67. Kwil I, Kaźmierczak D, Rozalski A. Swarming growth and resistance of Proteus penneri and Proteus vulgaris strains to normal human serum. Adv Clin Exp Med. 2013;22:165-75 pubmed
    ..The swarming phenomenon is an especially important factor in cases of UTIs gained through the ascending route. Both these virulence factors are connected with the cell surface components of bacteria, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
  68. Omer M, Elnima E. Antimicrobial activity of Ximenia americana. Fitoterapia. 2003;74:122-6 pubmed
    ..Extracts of the bark, leaves, root and stem of Ximenia americana were tested for their antimicrobial and antifungal activity...
  69. Meramveliotaki C, Kotsifaki D, Androulaki M, Hountas A, Eliopoulos E, Kokkinidis M. Purification, crystallization, X-ray diffraction analysis and phasing of an engineered single-chain PvuII restriction endonuclease. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2007;63:836-8 pubmed
    The restriction endonuclease PvuII from Proteus vulgaris has been converted from its wild-type homodimeric form into the enzymatically active single-chain variant scPvuII by tandemly joining the two subunits through the peptide linker Gly-..
  70. Perepelov A, Bartodziejska B, Senchenkova S, Shashkov A, Rozalski A, Knirel Y. Structure of the O-specific polysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O45 containing 3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-D-galactose. Carbohydr Res. 2003;338:327-31 pubmed
    An O-specific polysaccharide was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Proteus vulgaris O45 and studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, ROESY, H-..
  71. Casetta P, Negretti F. Study on the influence of adsorbent substances against the antigen activity of inactivated orovaccines. J Chemother. 1992;4:145-54 pubmed
    ..evaluated in two groups of rabbits orally treated with inactivated vaccine consisting of Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis and with the same vaccine supplemented with charcoal and ..
  72. Rani A, Shouche Y, Goel R. Declination of copper toxicity in pigeon pea and soil system by growth-promoting Proteus vulgaris KNP3 strain. Curr Microbiol. 2008;57:78-82 pubmed publisher
    The copper-resistant (1318 microM CuSO(4).5H(2)O) strain KNP3 of Proteus vulgaris was isolated from soil near the Panki power plant, Kanpur, India, and was used to inoculate pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan var...
  73. San Martin A, Rovirosa J, Astudillo L, Sepúlveda B, Ruiz D, San Martín C. Biotransformation of the marine sesquiterpene pacifenol by a facultative marine fungus. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:1627-32 pubmed publisher
    ..It was cultivated with a marine strain of Penicillium brevicompactum yielding a new compound. The structure was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data. The anti-microbial activity of pacifenol derivatives is reported...
  74. Muller H. [Aerobic faecal flora of reptiles with special reference to the enterobacteria of snakes]. Zentralbl Bakteriol Orig A. 1972;222:487-95 pubmed
  75. Vassiliou S, Grabowiecka A, Kosikowska P, Yiotakis A, Kafarski P, Berlicki Ł. Design, synthesis, and evaluation of novel organophosphorus inhibitors of bacterial ureases. J Med Chem. 2008;51:5736-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Their potency was evaluated in vitro against urease from Bacillus pasteurii and Proteus vulgaris. The studied compounds constitute a group of competitive, reversible inhibitors of bacterial ureases...
  76. Zajda J, Górski Å, Malinowska E. Electrochemical biosensor modified with dsDNA monolayer for restriction enzyme activity determination. Bioelectrochemistry. 2016;109:63-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Under optimal conditions the proposed biosensor exhibits a linear response toward PvuII activity within a range from 0.25 to 1.50 U/μL. ..
  77. Choi Y, Jung E, Kim S, Jung S. Membrane fluidity sensoring microbial fuel cell. Bioelectrochemistry. 2003;59:121-7 pubmed
    ..The conventional-type fuel cell containing Gram-negative bacteria, Proteus vulgaris, was investigated as a model system...
  78. Hurley J, Woychik N. Bacterial toxin HigB associates with ribosomes and mediates translation-dependent mRNA cleavage at A-rich sites. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:18605-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Urinary tract infections caused by Proteus vulgaris typically form biofilms and are resistant to commonly used antibiotics...
  79. Muir E, Fyfe I, Gardiner S, Li L, Warren P, Fawcett J, et al. Modification of N-glycosylation sites allows secretion of bacterial chondroitinase ABC from mammalian cells. J Biotechnol. 2010;145:103-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that such interference does indeed occur for chondroitinase ABC from the bacterium Proteus vulgaris, and can be overcome by eliminating potential N-glycosylation sites...