hafnia

Summary

Summary: A genus of straight, gram-negative bacterial rods which are facultatively anaerobic and motile by peritrichous flagella. This genus is found in human and animal feces, soil, water, and dairy products. It is an opportunistic pathogen in humans. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Park J, Schlegel H, Rhie H, Lee H. Nucleotide sequence and expression of the ncr nickel and cobalt resistance in Hafnia alvei 5-5. Int Microbiol. 2004;7:27-34 pubmed
    The structural genes for the nickel and cobalt resistance of the conjugative plasmid pEJH 501 of Hafnia alvei 5-5, contained on a SalI-EcoRI fragment of 4.8 kb, were cloned and sequenced...
  2. Nadjar D, Rouveau M, Verdet C, Donay L, Herrmann J, Lagrange P, et al. Outbreak of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing transferable AmpC-type beta-lactamase (ACC-1) originating from Hafnia alvei. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000;187:35-40 pubmed
    ..We used internal bla(ACC-1) primers, to sequence PCR products obtained from two unrelated strains of Hafnia alvei...
  3. Janda J, Abbott S. The genus Hafnia: from soup to nuts. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2006;19:12-8 pubmed
    The genus Hafnia, a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, consists of gram-negative bacteria that are occasionally implicated in both intestinal and extraintestinal infections in humans...
  4. Hunger S, Schmidt O, Gößner A, Drake H. Formate-derived H2 , a driver of hydrogenotrophic processes in the root-zone of a methane-emitting fen. Environ Microbiol. 2016;18:3106-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Under anoxic conditions, root-derived fermentative Citrobacter and Hafnia isolates produced H2 from formate via FHL...
  5. Cavallo N, de Angelis M, Calasso M, Quinto M, Mentana A, Minervini F, et al. Microbial cell-free extracts affect the biochemical characteristics and sensorial quality of sourdough bread. Food Chem. 2017;237:159-168 pubmed publisher
    ..wheat bread by the addition of cell-free enzyme extracts (CFEs) from Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis (SF), Hafnia alvei (HF) and Debaryomyces hansenii (DH)...
  6. Randazzo C, Todaro A, Pino A, Pitino I, Corona O, Caggia C. Microbiota and metabolome during controlled and spontaneous fermentation of Nocellara Etnea table olives. Food Microbiol. 2017;65:136-148 pubmed publisher
    ..and alcohol compounds exhibited a positive correlation with Proteobacteria, while several esters with LAB and Hafnia. In particular, esters, associated with fruity and floral notes, were positively correlated to L...
  7. Dugat Bony E, Sarthou A, Perello M, de Revel G, Bonnarme P, Helinck S. The effect of reduced sodium chloride content on the microbiological and biochemical properties of a soft surface-ripened cheese. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:2502-2511 pubmed publisher
    ..lesser development of the yeast Debaryomyces hansenii and the greater development of the gram-negative bacterium Hafnia alvei...
  8. Calasso M, Mancini L, di Cagno R, Cardinali G, Gobbetti M. Microbial cell-free extracts as sources of enzyme activities to be used for enhancement flavor development of ewe milk cheese. J Dairy Sci. 2015;98:5874-89 pubmed publisher
    Freeze-dried cell-free extracts (CFE) from Lactobacillus casei LC01, Weissella cibaria 1XF5, Hafnia alvei Moller ATCC 51815, and Debaryomyces hansenii LCF-558 were used as sources of enzyme activities for conditioning the ripening of ewe ..
  9. Höll L, Behr J, Vogel R. Identification and growth dynamics of meat spoilage microorganisms in modified atmosphere packaged poultry meat by MALDI-TOF MS. Food Microbiol. 2016;60:84-91 pubmed publisher
    ..In low O2 MAP, the main spoilage microbiota was represented by species Hafnia alvei at 10 °C, and genera Carnobacterium sp., Serratia sp., and Yersinia sp. at 4 °C...

More Information

Publications57

  1. Eom N, Parsons D, Craig V. Measurement of long range attractive forces between hydrophobic surfaces produced by vapor phase adsorption of palmitic acid. Soft Matter. 2017;13:8910-8921 pubmed publisher
    ..by the interaction of a single patch of bilayered palmitic acid molecules interacting with an exposed patch of the hafnia surface...
  2. Hyldgaard M, Meyer R, Peng M, Hibberd A, Fischer J, Sigmundsson A, et al. Binary combination of epsilon-poly-L-lysine and isoeugenol affect progression of spoilage microbiota in fresh turkey meat, and delay onset of spoilage in Pseudomonas putida challenged meat. Int J Food Microbiol. 2015;215:131-42 pubmed publisher
    ..dominated food matrix, while treatment with the antimicrobial blend resulted in increased relative abundance of Hafnia spp., Enterococcaceae, and Photobacterium spp...
  3. Jardine J, Abia A, Mavumengwana V, Ubomba Jaswa E. Phylogenetic Analysis and Antimicrobial Profiles of Cultured Emerging Opportunistic Pathogens (Phyla Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria) Identified in Hot Springs. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14: pubmed publisher
    ..i>Ralstonia sp., Cronobacter sp., Tepidimonas sp., Hafnia sp. and Sphingomonas sp. were isolated, all recognised as emerging food-borne pathogens...
  4. Phillips R, Poteh P, Miller K, Hoover T. STM2360 encodes a d-ornithine/d-lysine decarboxylase in Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2017;634:83-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Homologs of STM2360 with high sequence identity (>80%) are found in other common enterobacteria, including species of Klebsiella, Citrobacter, Vibrio and Hafnia, as well as Clostridium in the Firmicutes, and Pseudomonas.
  5. Furasova A, Fakhardo A, Milichko V, Tervoort E, Niederberger M, Vinogradov V. Synthesis of a rare-earth doped hafnia hydrosol: Towards injectable luminescent nanocolloids. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2017;154:21-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we point to a potential solution of this problem by using rare-earth (RE) doped hafnia NPs...
  6. Lázaro Díez M, Redondo Salvo S, Arboleya Agudo A, Ocejo Vinyals J, Chapartegui González I, Ocampo Sosa A, et al. Whole-Genome Sequence of Hafnia alvei HUMV-5920, a Human Isolate. Genome Announc. 2016;4: pubmed publisher
    A clinical isolate of Hafnia alvei (strain HUMV-5920) was obtained from a urine sample from an adult patient...
  7. Tian B, Moran N. Genome Sequence of Hafnia alvei bta3_1, a Bacterium with Antimicrobial Properties Isolated from Honey Bee Gut. Genome Announc. 2016;4: pubmed publisher
    b>Hafnia alvei bta3_1, a strain with antibacterial properties, was isolated from honey bee gut and cultured under aerobic and anaerobic conditions...
  8. Rydosz A, Brzozowska E, Górska S, Wincza K, Gamian A, Gruszczynski S. A broadband capacitive sensing method for label-free bacterial LPS detection. Biosens Bioelectron. 2016;75:328-36 pubmed publisher
    ..The selectivity has been confirmed by the ELISA experiments and tested by sensor measurements with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from E. coli B, E. coli 056, E. coli 0111, Pseudomonas aeruginosa NBRC 13743 and Hafnia alvei 1185.
  9. Kaur M, Shang H, Tamplin M, Ross T, Bowman J. Culture-dependent and culture-independent assessment of spoilage community growth on VP lamb meat from packaging to past end of shelf-life. Food Microbiol. 2017;68:71-80 pubmed publisher
    ..2 °C SSO included mainly Carnobacterium, Yersinia and Clostridium spp. while at 8 °C SSO expanded to include Hafnia, Lactococcus, Providencia spp...
  10. de Frutos M, López E, Aragón R, López Urrutia L, Ramos C, Domínguez Gil M, et al. [A descriptive study of Hafnia alvei isolated from stool samples: an approach to its clinical assessment]. Rev Esp Quimioter. 2017;30:280-284 pubmed
    The importance in human diarrhoeal disease of Hafnia alvei is unclear. The objective of the study was to describe the population which was isolated H...
  11. de Angelis M, Campanella D, Cosmai L, Summo C, Rizzello C, Caponio F. Microbiota and metabolome of un-started and started Greek-type fermentation of Bella di Cerignola table olives. Food Microbiol. 2015;52:18-30 pubmed publisher
    ..olives and brine after one day of fermentation was primarily composed of Enterobacteria that belonged to Hafnia alvei and Methylobacterium. However, L. plantarum and L...
  12. Erban T, Ledvinka O, Kamler M, Nesvorna M, Hortova B, Tyl J, et al. Honeybee (Apis mellifera)-associated bacterial community affected by American foulbrood: detection of Paenibacillus larvae via microbiome analysis. Sci Rep. 2017;7:5084 pubmed publisher
    ..The relative sequence numbers of Citrobacter freundii and Hafnia alvei were higher in AFB2 and AFB1 than in AFB0, whereas Enterococcus faecalis, Klebsiella oxytoca, Spiroplasma ..
  13. Wittmann A, Lamprinaki D, Bowles K, Katzenellenbogen E, Knirel Y, Whitfield C, et al. Dectin-2 Recognizes Mannosylated O-antigens of Human Opportunistic Pathogens and Augments Lipopolysaccharide Activation of Myeloid Cells. J Biol Chem. 2016;291:17629-38 pubmed publisher
    ..cell-associated C-type lectin-2 (Dectin-2) and mannosylated O-antigen found in a human opportunistic pathogen, Hafnia alvei PCM 1223, which has a repeating unit of [-Man-?1,3-Man-?1,2-Man-?1,2-Man-?1,2-Man-?1,3-]. H...
  14. Tang J, Ma J, Li X, Li Y. Illumina sequencing-based community analysis of bacteria associated with different bryophytes collected from Tibet, China. BMC Microbiol. 2016;16:276 pubmed
    ..Novosphingobium, Mucilaginibacter, Sorangium, Frankia, Frondihatitans, Haliangium, Rhizobacter, Granulicella and Hafnia, and 11 unclassified genera were also detected in all samples, which exhibited that large amounts of unclassified ..
  15. Swierzko A, Bartłomiejczyk M, Brzostek A, Łukasiewicz J, Michalski M, Dziadek J, et al. Mycobacterial antigen 85 complex (Ag85) as a target for ficolins and mannose-binding lectin. Int J Med Microbiol. 2016;306:212-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the use of specific inhibitors (mannan for MBL, acetylated bovine serum albumin for ficolin-1 and -2, Hafnia alvei PCM 1200 lipopolysaccharide for ficolin-3), we concluded that carbohydrate-recognition (MBL) and fibrinogen-..
  16. Park M, Kim H, Kim Y, Moon T, Kim K, Lee Y, et al. Giant Negative Electrocaloric Effects of Hf0.5 Zr0.5 O2 Thin Films. Adv Mater. 2016;28:7956-7961 pubmed publisher
    b>Hafnia (HfO2 )-zirconia (ZrO2 ) solid solution films show giant positive (?T = 13.4 K) and negative (?T = -10.8 K) electrocaloric effects that can be simply controlled by tuning the Hf/Zr ratio...
  17. Masiello S, Martin N, Trmčić A, Wiedmann M, Boor K. Identification and characterization of psychrotolerant coliform bacteria isolated from pasteurized fluid milk. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:130-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The majority of these isolates were identified as belonging to the genera Enterobacter (42% of isolates), Hafnia (13%), Citrobacter (12%), Serratia (10%), and Raoultella (9%); additional isolates were classified into the genera ..
  18. Adouard N, Magne L, Cattenoz T, Guillemin H, Foligné B, Picque D, et al. Survival of cheese-ripening microorganisms in a dynamic simulator of the gastrointestinal tract. Food Microbiol. 2016;53:30-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Ripening bacteria such as Hafnia alvei survived gastric stress less well when grown in cheese (with no viable cells after 90 min of exposure of ..
  19. Hauge S, Nesbakken T, Moen B, Røtterud O, Dommersnes S, Nesteng O, et al. The significance of clean and dirty animals for bacterial dynamics along the beef chain. Int J Food Microbiol. 2015;214:70-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The meat trimmings were dominated by the genera Kluyvera, Hafnia, and unclassified Enterobacteriaceae...
  20. Lee Y, Kung H, Wu C, Hsu H, Chen H, Huang T, et al. Determination of histamine in milkfish stick implicated in food-borne poisoning. J Food Drug Anal. 2016;24:63-71 pubmed publisher
    ..4 strains), Enterobacter cloacae (1 strain), Morganella morganii (2 strains), Serratia marcescens (1 strain), Hafnia alvei (1 strain), and Raoultella orithinolytica (1 strain), by 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing with polymerase chain ..
  21. Calasso M, Mancini L, de Angelis M, Conte A, Costa C, Del Nobile M, et al. Multiple microbial cell-free extracts improve the microbiological, biochemical and sensory features of ewes' milk cheese. Food Microbiol. 2017;66:129-140 pubmed publisher
    This study used cell-free enzyme (CFE) extracts from Lactobacillus casei, Hafnia alvei, Debaryomyces hansenii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae to condition or accelerate Pecorino-type cheese ripening...
  22. McGinnity T, Dominguez O, Curtis T, Nallathamby P, Hoffman A, Roeder R. Hafnia (HfO2) nanoparticles as an X-ray contrast agent and mid-infrared biosensor. Nanoscale. 2016;8:13627-37 pubmed publisher
  23. Gallington L, Ghadar Y, Skinner L, Weber J, Ushakov S, Navrotsky A, et al. The Structure of Liquid and Amorphous Hafnia. Materials (Basel). 2017;10: pubmed publisher
    ..benchmark the atomic interactions in the high temperature stable liquid and low-density amorphous solid states of hafnia. The diffraction results reveal an average Hf-O coordination number of ~7 exists in both the liquid and amorphous ..
  24. Ruiz Moreno J, Alio J, De La Hoz F. Delayed-onset postoperative endophthalmitis caused by Hafnia alvei. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2001;11:189-92 pubmed
    To identify Hafnia alvei as an etiological factor of delayed-onset endophthalmitis.
  25. Callon C, Arliguie C, Montel M. Control of Shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli in cheese by dairy bacterial strains. Food Microbiol. 2016;53:63-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Lactobacillus sp, Carnobacterium mobile, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Macrococcus caseolyticus and Hafnia alvei reduced STEC O26:H11 counts by 1.4-2...
  26. Lackey K, Williams J, Price W, Carrothers J, Brooker S, Shafii B, et al. Comparison of commercially-available preservatives for maintaining the integrity of bacterial DNA in human milk. J Microbiol Methods. 2017;141:73-81 pubmed publisher
    ..3%), Staphylococcus (14.0%), Dyella (6.3%), Pseudomonas (3.0%), Veillonella (2.5%), Hafnia (2.0%), Prevotella (1.7%), Rhodococcus (1.6%), and Granulicatella (1.4%)...
  27. Tolenis T, Grinevičiūtė L, Smalakys L, Ščiuka M, Drazdys R, Mažulė L, et al. Next generation highly resistant mirrors featuring all-silica layers. Sci Rep. 2017;7:10898 pubmed publisher
    ..Its damage performance was directly compared with state of the art hafnia/silica coating produced by Ion-Beam-Sputtering...
  28. Odenthal S, Akineden O, Usleber E. Extended-spectrum ?-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in bulk tank milk from German dairy farms. Int J Food Microbiol. 2016;238:72-78 pubmed publisher
    ..1%), and Klebsiella oxytoca (3.7%), a few isolates belonged to other species within the genera Hafnia, Raoutella and Serratia. The majority of isolates (95...
  29. Park M, Lee Y, Kim H, Kim Y, Moon T, Kim K, et al. Understanding the formation of the metastable ferroelectric phase in hafnia-zirconia solid solution thin films. Nanoscale. 2018;10:716-725 pubmed publisher
  30. Sizova O, Shashkov A, Kondakova A, Knirel Y, Shaikhutdinova R, Ivanov S, et al. Full structure and insight into the gene cluster of the O-specific polysaccharide of Yersinia intermedia H9-36/83 (O:17). Carbohydr Res. 2018;460:51-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The O-polysaccharide structure and gene cluster of Y. intermedia are related to those of Hafnia alvei 1211 and Escherichia coli O:103.
  31. Hernández Galán L, Cattenoz T, Le Feunteun S, Canette A, Briandet R, Le Guin S, et al. Effect of dairy matrices on the survival of Streptococcus thermophilus, Brevibacterium aurantiacum and Hafnia alvei during digestion. Food Res Int. 2017;100:477-488 pubmed publisher
    ..The viability of three dairy microorganisms Streptococcus thermophilus, Brevibacterium aurantiacum and Hafnia alvei was measured during in vitro and in vivo digestion. S...
  32. Man Kupisinska A, Michalski M, Maciejewska A, Swierzko A, Cedzynski M, Lugowski C, et al. A New Ligand-Based Method for Purifying Active Human Plasma-Derived Ficolin-3 Complexes Supports the Phenomenon of Crosstalk between Pattern-Recognition Molecules and Immunoglobulins. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0156691 pubmed publisher
    ..ficolin-3 complexes from human plasma that is based on an exclusive ligand: the O-specific polysaccharide of Hafnia alvei PCM 1200 LPS (O-PS 1200)...
  33. Man Kupisinska A, Bobko E, Gozdziewicz T, Maciejewska A, Jachymek W, Lugowski C, et al. Fractionation and analysis of lipopolysaccharide-derived oligosaccharides by zwitterionic-type hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry. Carbohydr Res. 2016;427:29-37 pubmed publisher
    ..of Escherichia coli R1 LOS, (ii) to separate RU-[Hep]-Kdo oligosaccharides from core OS glycoforms of Hafnia alvei PCM 1200 LPS, and (iii) to separate Hep and Kdo-containing mono, di-, tri- and tetrasaccharides of H...
  34. Hou H, Zhu Y, Wang J, Jiang F, Qu W, Zhang G, et al. Characteristics of N-Acylhomoserine Lactones Produced by Hafnia alvei H4 Isolated from Spoiled Instant Sea Cucumber. Sensors (Basel). 2017;17: pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to identify N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) produced by Hafnia alvei H4, which was isolated from spoiled instant sea cucumber, and to investigate the effect of AHLs on biofilm formation...
  35. Vieira Colombo A, Magalhães C, Hartenbach F, Martins do Souto R, Maciel da Silva Boghossian C. Periodontal-disease-associated biofilm: A reservoir for pathogens of medical importance. Microb Pathog. 2016;94:27-34 pubmed publisher
    ..albicans, Neisseria spp., P. aeruginosa, O. uli, Hafnia alvei, Serratia marcescens and Filifactor alocis (p < 0.05)...
  36. Trmčić A, Chauhan K, Kent D, Ralyea R, Martin N, Boor K, et al. Coliform detection in cheese is associated with specific cheese characteristics, but no association was found with pathogen detection. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:6105-6120 pubmed publisher
    ..isolated from cheese samples were classified into 13 different genera, including the environmental coliform genera Hafnia, Raoultella, and Serratia, which represent the 3 genera most frequently isolated across all cheeses...
  37. Park M, Lee Y, Kim H, Schenk T, Lee W, Kim K, et al. Surface and grain boundary energy as the key enabler of ferroelectricity in nanoscale hafnia-zirconia: a comparison of model and experiment. Nanoscale. 2017;9:9973-9986 pubmed publisher
    The unexpected ferroelectric properties of nanoscale hafnia-zirconia are considered to be promising for a wealth of applications including ferroelectric memory, field effect transistors, and energy-related applications...
  38. Singh M, Ganguli N, Singh H, Deodhar S, Sethi S, Sharma M. Role of 30 kDa antigen of enteric bacterial pathogens as a possible arthritogenic factor in post-dysenteric reactive arthritis. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2013;56:231-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Reactive arthritis (ReA)/Reiter's syndrome (RS) may be caused as a sequel of infections caused by enteric bacterial pathogens, although the mechanisms through, which different pathogens cause similar disease are not clear...
  39. Janda J, Abbott S, Bystrom S, Probert W. Identification of two distinct hybridization groups in the genus Hafnia by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phenotypic methods. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:3320-3 pubmed
    A collection of 52 strains belonging to the Hafnia alvei complex were subjected to molecular (16S rRNA gene sequencing) and biochemical analysis...
  40. Hoth D, Rivera J, Colon L. Metal oxide monolithic columns. J Chromatogr A. 2005;1079:392-6 pubmed
    ..Capillary electrochromatography and capillary liquid chromatography were performed in a monolithic column with the HfO2 material. Separation of a simple sample mixture showed the potential of the new metal oxide monolithic columns...
  41. Huys G, Cnockaert M, Abbott S, Janda J, Vandamme P. Hafnia paralvei sp. nov., formerly known as Hafnia alvei hybridization group 2. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:1725-8 pubmed publisher
    It has been shown previously, based largely on DNA-DNA hybridizations and partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing, that Hafnia alvei is genotypically heterogeneous and consists of at least two DNA hybridization groups (HGs)...
  42. Gu W, Huang H, Yang P, Luo H, Meng K, Wang Y, et al. [Gene cloning, expression and characterization of a novel phytase from Hafnia alvei]. Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2007;23:1017-21 pubmed
    A gene appA encoding a novel phytase was firstly cloned from Hafnia alvei by PCR and sequenced. The gene was consisted of 1335 bp, encoding 444 amino acids. The calculated molecular weight of the mature APPA was about 45.2 kD...
  43. Uraz G, Oncül O. Detection of ticarcillin-clavulonic acid susceptibility with microdilution method in Citrobacter, Hafnia, Proteus and some gram negative bacteria. Drug Metabol Drug Interact. 2004;20:185-91 pubmed
    ..TIM) was investigated by the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) method on strains of Aeromonas, Citrobacter, Hafnia, Morganella, Proteus, Pseudomonas and gram negative bacteria isolated from raw milk...
  44. Medina Martínez M, Uyttendaele M, Nadal Jimenez P, Debevere J. Detection of N-acyl-L-homoserine lactones degradation by Bacillus spp. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2005;70:15-8 pubmed
  45. Skurnik D, Nucci A, Ruimy R, Lasocki S, Muller Serieys C, Montravers P, et al. Emergence of carbapenem-resistant Hafnia: the fall of the last soldier. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;50:1429-31 pubmed publisher
  46. Osuka H, Hitomi S, Koganemaru H, Kaneko T. A case of bacteremia caused by Hafnia paralvei. J Infect Chemother. 2011;17:855-7 pubmed publisher
    The genus Hafnia, a member of the Enterobacteriaceae, is widespread in nature and rarely causes human infection. We describe a case of an 85-year-old Japanese man hospitalized consequent to suspected cholecystitis, in which Hafnia sp...
  47. Abbott S, Moler S, Green N, Tran R, Wainwright K, Janda J. Clinical and laboratory diagnostic characteristics and cytotoxigenic potential of Hafnia alvei and Hafnia paralvei strains. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:3122-6 pubmed publisher
    A collection of 68 Hafnia strains previously identified to the species level by 16S rRNA gene sequencing were investigated for simple phenotypic properties that could aid in their recognition in the clinical laboratory...
  48. Wang Q, Qian L, Jiang S, Cai C, Ma D, Gao P, et al. Safety Evaluation of Neo Transgenic Pigs by Studying Changes in Gut Microbiota Using High-Throughput Sequencing Technology. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0150937 pubmed publisher
    ..abundance of phyla Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria, and genera Lactobacillus and Escherichia-Shigella-Hafnia between transgenic pigs and non-transgenic pigs...