erwinia

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are associated with plants as pathogens, saprophytes, or as constituents of the epiphytic flora.

Top Publications

  1. Geider K, Auling G, Jakovljevic V, Völksch B. A polyphasic approach assigns the pathogenic Erwinia strains from diseased pear trees in Japan to Erwinia pyrifoliae. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009;48:324-30 pubmed publisher
    Bacterial shoot blight of pear in Japan (BSBP) is caused by Erwinia strains which were formerly associated with the species Erwinia amylovora, the causative agent of fire blight...
  2. Wing R, Yamaguchi J, Larabell S, Ursin V, McCormick S. Molecular and genetic characterization of two pollen-expressed genes that have sequence similarity to pectate lyases of the plant pathogen Erwinia. Plant Mol Biol. 1990;14:17-28 pubmed
    ..pectate lyases is equivalent to the homology described for different pectate lyase sequences of the genus Erwinia. We suggest that the pollen expression of LAT56 and LAT59 might relate to a requirement for pectin degradation ..
  3. Jock S, Donat V, Lopez M, Bazzi C, Geider K. Following spread of fire blight in Western, Central and Southern Europe by molecular differentiation of Erwinia amylovora strains with PFGE analysis. Environ Microbiol. 2002;4:106-14 pubmed
    ..To follow spread of the disease within Europe, more than 120 Erwinia amylovora strains isolated from 1957-1900 in England, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium, Poland, Italy ..
  4. Unterholzner S, Hailer B, Poppenberger B, Rozhon W. Characterisation of the stbD/E toxin-antitoxin system of pEP36, a plasmid of the plant pathogen Erwinia pyrifoliae. Plasmid. 2013;70:216-25 pubmed publisher
    pEP36 is a plasmid ubiquitously present in Erwinia pyrifoliae, a pathogen which causes black stem blight of Asian pear. pEP36 is highly stable in its host, even in the absence of selective pressure...
  5. Xia T, Zhao G, Fischer R, Jensen R. A monofunctional prephenate dehydrogenase created by cleavage of the 5' 109 bp of the tyrA gene from Erwinia herbicola. J Gen Microbiol. 1992;138:1309-16 pubmed publisher
    ..A portion of the tyr A gene cloned from Erwinia herbicola was deleted in vitro with exonuclease III and fused in-frame with a 5' portion of lacZ to yield a new ..
  6. El Maarouf H, Barny M, Rona J, Bouteau F. Harpin, a hypersensitive response elicitor from Erwinia amylovora, regulates ion channel activities in Arabidopsis thaliana suspension cells. FEBS Lett. 2001;497:82-4 pubmed
    HrpN, the hypersensitive response elicitor from Erwinia amylovora, stimulated K(+) outward rectifying currents in Arabidopsis thaliana suspension cells. It also decreased anion currents...
  7. Venisse J, Malnoy M, Faize M, Paulin J, Brisset M. Modulation of defense responses of Malus spp. during compatible and incompatible interactions with Erwinia amylovora. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002;15:1204-12 pubmed publisher
    b>Erwinia amylovora is the causal agent of fire blight, a disease affecting members of subfamily Maloideae...
  8. Li S, Cai H, Qing Y, Ren B, Xu H, Zhu H, et al. Cloning and characterization of a sucrose isomerase from Erwinia rhapontici NX-5 for isomaltulose hyperproduction. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2011;163:52-63 pubmed publisher
    The sucrose isomerase (SIase) gene from an efficient strain of Erwinia rhapontici NX-5 for isomaltulose hyperproduction was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli...
  9. Jock S, Völksch B, Mansvelt L, Geider K. Characterization of Bacillus strains from apple and pear trees in South Africa antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002;211:247-52 pubmed
    ..in orchards of the Western Cape region in South Africa were extracted for bacteria which could be antagonistic to Erwinia amylovora. Screening was done in the late growth season and mainly Gram-positive bacteria were isolated...

More Information

Publications77

  1. Lopez M, Roselló M, Llop P, Ferrer S, Christen R, Gardan L. Erwinia piriflorinigrans sp. nov., a novel pathogen that causes necrosis of pear blossoms. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:561-7 pubmed publisher
    Eight Erwinia strains, isolated from necrotic pear blossoms in València, Spain, were compared with reference strains of Erwinia amylovora and Erwinia pyrifoliae, both of which are pathogenic to species of pear tree, and to other species ..
  2. Sauer S, Freiwald A, Maier T, Kube M, Reinhardt R, Kostrzewa M, et al. Classification and identification of bacteria by mass spectrometry and computational analysis. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e2843 pubmed publisher
    ..We particularly applied the approach for classifying and identifying strains in species of the genus Erwinia. Many species of this genus are associated with disastrous plant diseases such as fire blight...
  3. Lehman S, Kim W, Castle A, Svircev A. Duplex real-time polymerase chain reaction reveals competition between Erwinia amylovora and E. pyrifoliae on pear blossoms. Phytopathology. 2008;98:673-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Erwinia amylovora and E. pyrifoliae are the causative agents of fire blight and Asian pear blight, respectively. The pathogens are closely related, with overlapping host ranges. Data are unavailable on the current distribution of E...
  4. Ren B, Li S, Xu H, Feng X, Cai H, Ye Q. Purification and characterization of a highly selective sucrose isomerase from Erwinia rhapontici NX-5. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2011;34:629-37 pubmed publisher
    A highly selective sucrose isomerase (SIase) was purified to homogeneity from the cell-free extract of Erwinia rhapontici NX-5 with a recovery of 27.7% and a fold purification of 213.6...
  5. Venisse J, Barny M, Paulin J, Brisset M. Involvement of three pathogenicity factors of Erwinia amylovora in the oxidative stress associated with compatible interaction in pear. FEBS Lett. 2003;537:198-202 pubmed
    b>Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight of Maloideae, induces in its susceptible host plants an oxidative burst as does an incompatible pathogen...
  6. De Maayer P, Venter S, Kamber T, Duffy B, Coutinho T, Smits T. Comparative genomics of the Type VI secretion systems of Pantoea and Erwinia species reveals the presence of putative effector islands that may be translocated by the VgrG and Hcp proteins. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:576 pubmed publisher
    ..identified numerous distinct Type VI secretion system (T6SS) loci in the genomes of several ecologically diverse Pantoea and Erwinia species and detected the presence of putative effector islands associated with the hcp and vgrG genes.
  7. Hinton J, Sidebotham J, Gill D, Salmond G. Extracellular and periplasmic isoenzymes of pectate lyase from Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora belong to different gene families. Mol Microbiol. 1989;3:1785-95 pubmed
    Pectate lyase (Pel) plays a crucial role in the maceration of vegetables by soft rot Erwinia spp. We have characterized the four Pel isoenzymes of Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora strain SCRI193...
  8. Bartling S, Wegener C, Olsen O. Synergism between Erwinia pectate lyase isoenzymes that depolymerize both pectate and pectin. Microbiology. 1995;141 ( Pt 4):873-81 pubmed
    Phytopathogenic Erwinia bacteria cause tissue maceration by secretion of pectinolytic enzymes such as pectate lyase (PL). Sequencing of overlapping genomic fragments from Erwinia carotovora subsp...
  9. Mulholland V, Hinton J, Sidebotham J, Toth I, Hyman L, Perombelon M, et al. A pleiotropic reduced virulence (Rvi-) mutant of Erwinia carotovora subspecies atroseptica is defective in flagella assembly proteins that are conserved in plant and animal bacterial pathogens. Mol Microbiol. 1993;9:343-56 pubmed
    b>Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica was mutagenized and assayed for virulence in planta...
  10. McGhee G, Schnabel E, Maxson Stein K, Jones B, Stromberg V, Lacy G, et al. Relatedness of chromosomal and plasmid DNAs of Erwinia pyrifoliae and Erwinia amylovora. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:6182-92 pubmed
    The plant pathogen Erwinia pyrifoliae has been classified as a separate species from Erwinia amylovora based in part on differences in molecular properties. In this study, these and other molecular properties were examined for E...
  11. Katayama T, Suzuki H, Koyanagi T, Kumagai H. Cloning and random mutagenesis of the Erwinia herbicola tyrR gene for high-level expression of tyrosine phenol-lyase. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000;66:4764-71 pubmed
    ..Previous studies demonstrated that the tpl promoter of Erwinia herbicola is activated by the TyrR protein of Escherichia coli...
  12. Ma W, Cui Y, Liu Y, Dumenyo C, Mukherjee A, Chatterjee A. Molecular characterization of global regulatory RNA species that control pathogenicity factors in Erwinia amylovora and Erwinia herbicola pv. gypsophilae. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:1870-80 pubmed
    ..a nontranslatable RNA regulator that controls exoprotein production and pathogenicity in soft rot-causing Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora...
  13. Estes A, Hearn D, Bronstein J, Pierson E. The olive fly endosymbiont, "Candidatus Erwinia dacicola," switches from an intracellular existence to an extracellular existence during host insect development. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:7097-106 pubmed publisher
    ..quot;Candidatus Erwinia dacicola" was found in the digestive systems of all life stages of wild olive flies from the southwestern ..
  14. Pomini A, Manfio G, Araujo W, Marsaioli A. Acyl-homoserine lactones from Erwinia psidii R. IBSBF 435T, a guava phytopathogen (Psidium guajava L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:6262-5 pubmed
    The phytopathogen Erwinia psidii R. IBSBF 435T causes rot in branches, flowers, and fruits of guava (Psidium guajava L.), being responsible for crop losses, and has no effective control...
  15. Matsumoto Y, Nomura K, Kanda Akano Y, Fujita Y, Nakao M, Ueda K, et al. Successful treatment with Erwinia L-asparaginase for recurrent natural killer/T cell lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma. 2003;44:879-82 pubmed
    ..coli) and Erwinia L-asparaginase...
  16. Zhao X, McEntee K. DNA sequence analysis of the recA genes from Proteus vulgaris, Erwinia carotovora, Shigella flexneri and Escherichia coli B/r. Mol Gen Genet. 1990;222:369-76 pubmed
    The complete nucleotide sequences of the recA genes from Escherichia coli B/r, Shigella flexneri, Erwinia carotovora and Proteus vulgaris were determined. The DNA sequence of the coding region of the E...
  17. D Avino R, Camardella L, Christensen T, Giovane A, Servillo L. Tomato pectin methylesterase: modeling, fluorescence, and inhibitor interaction studies-comparison with the bacterial (Erwinia chrysanthemi) enzyme. Proteins. 2003;53:830-9 pubmed
    ..methylesterase (PME) was built by using the X-ray crystal structure of PME from the phytopathogenic bacterium Erwinia chrysanthemi as a template...
  18. Giddens S, Feng Y, Mahanty H. Characterization of a novel phenazine antibiotic gene cluster in Erwinia herbicola Eh1087. Mol Microbiol. 2002;45:769-83 pubmed
    b>Erwinia herbicola strain Eh1087 produces the broad-spectrum phenazine antibiotic D-alanylgriseoluteic acid (AGA)...
  19. Zeiter J, Koch D, Parke D, Font R. Endogenous endophthalmitis with lenticular abscess caused by Enterobacter agglomerans (Erwinia species). Ophthalmic Surg. 1989;20:9-12 pubmed
    ..first time a case of metastatic endophthalmitis caused by the gram-negative organism Enterobacter agglomerans (Erwinia species)...
  20. Kube M, Migdoll A, Gehring I, Heitmann K, Mayer Y, Kuhl H, et al. Genome comparison of the epiphytic bacteria Erwinia billingiae and E. tasmaniensis with the pear pathogen E. pyrifoliae. BMC Genomics. 2010;11:393 pubmed publisher
    The genus Erwinia includes plant-associated pathogenic and non-pathogenic Enterobacteria. Important pathogens such as Erwinia amylovora, the causative agent of fire blight and E...
  21. Manulis S, Haviv Chesner A, Brandl M, Lindow S, Barash I. Differential involvement of indole-3-acetic acid biosynthetic pathways in pathogenicity and epiphytic fitness of Erwinia herbicola pv. gypsophilae. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1998;11:634-42 pubmed
    b>Erwinia herbicola pv...
  22. Condemine G, Hugouvieux Cotte Pattat N, Robert Baudouy J. Isolation of Erwinia chrysanthemi kduD mutants altered in pectin degradation. J Bacteriol. 1986;165:937-41 pubmed
    Mutants of Erwinia chrysanthemi impaired in pectin degradation were isolated by chemical and Mu d(Ap lac) insertion mutagenesis...
  23. Zhou X, Zheng Y, Wei X, Yang K, Yang X, Wang Y, et al. Sucrose isomerase and its mutants from Erwinia rhapontici can synthesise ?-arbutin. Protein Pept Lett. 2011;18:1028-34 pubmed
    Sucrose isomerase (SI) from Erwinia rhapontici is an intramolecular isomerase that is normally used to synthesise isomaltulose from sucrose by a mechanism of intramolecular transglycosylation...
  24. Reeves P, Whitcombe D, Wharam S, Gibson M, Allison G, Bunce N, et al. Molecular cloning and characterization of 13 out genes from Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora: genes encoding members of a general secretion pathway (GSP) widespread in gram-negative bacteria. Mol Microbiol. 1993;8:443-56 pubmed
    The chemical mutagen ethylmethanesulphonate (EMS) has been used to generate mutants of Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora which are defective in the secretion of pectinases (Pel) and cellulases (Cel) but unaltered for protease (Prt)..
  25. Pristovsek P, Sengupta K, Lohr F, Schäfer B, von Trebra M, Rüterjans H, et al. Structural analysis of the DNA-binding domain of the Erwinia amylovora RcsB protein and its interaction with the RcsAB box. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:17752-9 pubmed
    ..We report the solution structure of the C-terminal DNA-binding domain of the RcsB protein from Erwinia amylovora spanning amino acid residues 129-215 solved by heteronuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
  26. Venisse J, Gullner G, Brisset M. Evidence for the involvement of an oxidative stress in the initiation of infection of pear by Erwinia amylovora. Plant Physiol. 2001;125:2164-72 pubmed
    ..related to incompatible plant/pathogen interactions leading to hypersensitive reactions, was investigated with Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight of Maloideae subfamily of Rosaceae, in interaction with pear (Pyrus ..
  27. Gardan L, Christen R, Achouak W, Prior P. Erwinia papayae sp. nov., a pathogen of papaya (Carica papaya). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:107-13 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the papaya strains belonged to the genus Erwinia. The DNA G+C content of strain CFBP 5189T, 52.5 mol%, is in the range of the genus Erwinia...
  28. Albertsen B, Schrøder H, Ingerslev J, Jakobsen P, Avramis V, Muller H, et al. Comparison of intramuscular therapy with Erwinia asparaginase and asparaginase Medac: pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, formation of antibodies and influence on the coagulation system. Br J Haematol. 2001;115:983-90 pubmed
    ..b>Erwinia asparaginase (ASNase) has a shorter half-life than the Escherichia coli preparations, and it has been reported to ..
  29. de Vries E, Breeuwer J, Jacobs G, Mollema C. The association of Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, with a near Erwinia species gut bacteria: transient or permanent?. J Invertebr Pathol. 2001;77:120-8 pubmed
    ..Isolates tested with API 20E biochemical tests were Erwinia species. This was the only type of bacteria found in all thrips individuals on any of the 10 different agar media...
  30. McGhee G, Jones A. Complete nucleotide sequence of ubiquitous plasmid pEA29 from Erwinia amylovora strain Ea88: gene organization and intraspecies variation. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000;66:4897-907 pubmed
    The complete sequence of plasmid pEA29 from Erwinia amylovora strain Ea88 consists of 28,185 bp with a 50.2% G+C content. As deletions and insertions were detected in other derivatives of pEA29, its size actually varied from 27.6 to 34...
  31. Lei S, Lin H, Wang S, Callaway J, Wilcox G. Characterization of the Erwinia carotovora pelB gene and its product pectate lyase. J Bacteriol. 1987;169:4379-83 pubmed
    The pelB gene encodes pectate lyase B, one of three pectate lyases identified in Erwinia carotovora EC. Pectate lyase B was purified from Escherichia coli containing the pelB gene on a recombinant plasmid...
  32. Vrooman L, Supko J, Neuberg D, Asselin B, Athale U, Clavell L, et al. Erwinia asparaginase after allergy to E. coli asparaginase in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2010;54:199-205 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed the nadir enzyme activity and tolerability of Erwinia asparaginase, an alternative preparation, in E. coli asparaginase-allergic patients.
  33. Chatterjee A, McEvoy J, Chambost J, Blasco F, Chatterjee A. Nucleotide sequence and molecular characterization of pnlA, the structural gene for damage-inducible pectin lyase of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora 71. J Bacteriol. 1991;173:1765-9 pubmed
    In a previous study, pnlA (the DNA damage-inducible structural gene for pectin lyase) of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora 71 was localized to a 1.4-kb DNA segment within a 3.4-kb EcoRI fragment (J. L. McEvoy, H. Murata, and A. K...
  34. Montesano M, Hyyti inen H, Wettstein R, Palva E. A novel potato defence-related alcohol:NADP+ oxidoreductase induced in response to Erwinia carotovora. Plant Mol Biol. 2003;52:177-89 pubmed
    Identification of Solanum tuberosum genes responsive to culture filtrates (CF) from Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora led to the isolation of a full-length cDNA with high sequence similarity to several alcohol dehydrogenases...
  35. Gaudriault S, Brisset M, Barny M. HrpW of Erwinia amylovora, a new Hrp-secreted protein. FEBS Lett. 1998;428:224-8 pubmed
    b>Erwinia amylovora strain CFBP1430 secretes a protein called HrpW in a Hrp-dependent manner. HrpW was detected in culture supernatant of the wild-type strain grown on solid inducing hrp medium...
  36. Jabrane A, Sabri A, Compère P, Jacques P, Vandenberghe I, Van Beeumen J, et al. Characterization of serracin P, a phage-tail-like bacteriocin, and its activity against Erwinia amylovora, the fire blight pathogen. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:5704-10 pubmed
    Serratia plymithicum J7 culture supernatant displayed activity against many pathogenic strains of Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of the most serious bacterial disease of apple and pear trees, fire blight, and against Klebsiella ..
  37. Lee S, Wroble M, Ross J. L-asparaginase from Erwinia carotovora. An improved recovery and purification process using affinity chromatography. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 1989;22:1-11 pubmed
    A large-scale process was developed to purify L-asparaginase from submerged cultures of Erwinia carotovora. Cells from 880 L of fermentation broth were harvested and washed using a plate and frame type filter press...
  38. Muller I, Kube M, Reinhardt R, Jelkmann W, Geider K. Complete genome sequences of three Erwinia amylovora phages isolated in north america and a bacteriophage induced from an Erwinia tasmaniensis strain. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:795-6 pubmed publisher
    Fire blight, a plant disease of economic importance caused by Erwinia amylovora, may be controlled by the application of bacteriophages. Here, we provide the complete genome sequences and the annotation of three E...
  39. Pieters R, Hunger S, Boos J, Rizzari C, Silverman L, Baruchel A, et al. L-asparaginase treatment in acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a focus on Erwinia asparaginase. Cancer. 2011;117:238-49 pubmed publisher
    ..coli asparaginase), a pegylated form of this enzyme (PEG-asparaginase), and a product isolated from Erwinia chrysanthemi, ie, Erwinia asparaginase...
  40. de Vries E, Jacobs G, Breeuwer J. Growth and transmission of gut bacteria in the Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis. J Invertebr Pathol. 2001;77:129-37 pubmed
    ..occidentalis), a polyphagous insect with global distribution, has a permanent association with a near Erwinia species TAC bacterium in its hindgut...
  41. Bonasera J, Kim J, Beer S. PR genes of apple: identification and expression in response to elicitors and inoculation with Erwinia amylovora. BMC Plant Biol. 2006;6:23 pubmed
    ..However within the range of species examined, components of the pathway seem to be highly conserved. In this study, we attempted to identify downstream components of the SAR pathway in apple to serve as markers for its activation...
  42. Koyanagi T, Katayama T, Suzuki H, Onishi A, Yokozeki K, Kumagai H. Hyperproduction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (L-Dopa) using Erwinia herbicola cells carrying a mutant transcriptional regulator TyrR. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009;73:1221-3 pubmed
    ..The highest productivity was obtained for the strain grown under non-induced conditions. It was 30-fold higher than that obtained for tyrosine-induced wild-type cells...
  43. Waleron M, Waleron K, Podhajska A, Lojkowska E. Genotyping of bacteria belonging to the former Erwinia genus by PCR-RFLP analysis of a recA gene fragment. Microbiology. 2002;148:583-95 pubmed
    ..length polymorphism of the recA gene fragment PCR product (recA PCR-RFLP), was performed on members of the former Erwinia genus...
  44. Avramis V, Avramis E, Hunter W, Long M. Immunogenicity of native or pegylated E. coli and Erwinia asparaginases assessed by ELISA and surface plasmon resonance (SPR-biacore) assays of IgG antibodies (Ab) in sera from patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Anticancer Res. 2009;29:299-302 pubmed
    ..Recently, a protein chip bioassay (Biacore) was developed for the Ab of these proteins. These methods were compared...
  45. Park D, Thapa S, Choi B, Kim W, Hur J, Cho J, et al. Complete genome sequence of Japanese erwinia strain ejp617, a bacterial shoot blight pathogen of pear. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:586-7 pubmed publisher
    The Japanese Erwinia strain Ejp617 is a plant pathogen that causes bacterial shoot blight of pear in Japan...
  46. Smits T, Jaenicke S, Rezzonico F, Kamber T, Goesmann A, Frey J, et al. Complete genome sequence of the fire blight pathogen Erwinia pyrifoliae DSM 12163T and comparative genomic insights into plant pathogenicity. BMC Genomics. 2010;11:2 pubmed publisher
    b>Erwinia pyrifoliae is a newly described necrotrophic pathogen, which causes fire blight on Asian (Nashi) pear and is geographically restricted to Eastern Asia...
  47. Saarilahti H, Heino P, Pakkanen R, Kalkkinen N, Palva I, Palva E. Structural analysis of the pehA gene and characterization of its protein product, endopolygalacturonase, of Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora. Mol Microbiol. 1990;4:1037-44 pubmed
    A clone producing a polygalacturonase (EC 3.2.1.15) in Escherichia coli was isolated from a genomic library of Erwinia carotovora subspecies carotovora constructed in PUC18...
  48. Chen L, Ma B, Gao N. Reannotation of hypothetical ORFs in plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica SCRI1043. FEBS J. 2008;275:198-206 pubmed
    ..The important plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp...
  49. Triplett L, Zhao Y, Sundin G. Genetic differences between blight-causing Erwinia species with differing host specificities, identified by suppression subtractive hybridization. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:7359-64 pubmed
    PCR-based subtractive hybridization was used to isolate sequences from Erwinia amylovora strain Ea110, which is pathogenic on apples and pears, that were not present in three closely related strains with differing host specificities: E...
  50. Gill J, Svircev A, Smith R, Castle A. Bacteriophages of Erwinia amylovora. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:2133-8 pubmed
    Fifty bacteriophage isolates of Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight, were collected from sites in and around the Niagara region of southern Ontario and the Royal Botanical Gardens, Hamilton, Ontario...
  51. Jock S, Kim W, Barny M, Geider K. Molecular characterization of natural Erwinia pyrifoliae strains deficient in hypersensitive response. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:679-82 pubmed
    From necrotic tissue of a Nashi pear tree, 24 Erwinia pyrifoliae strains, found to be identical by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis, were isolated...
  52. Blower T, Fineran P, Johnson M, Toth I, Humphreys D, Salmond G. Mutagenesis and functional characterization of the RNA and protein components of the toxIN abortive infection and toxin-antitoxin locus of Erwinia. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:6029-39 pubmed publisher
    ..A cryptic plasmid of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica, pECA1039, has been shown to encode an abortive infection system...
  53. Koyanagi T, Katayama T, Suzuki H, Nakazawa H, Yokozeki K, Kumagai H. Effective production of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (L-DOPA) with Erwinia herbicola cells carrying a mutant transcriptional regulator TyrR. J Biotechnol. 2005;115:303-6 pubmed
    The enzymatic production of 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine (L-DOPA) using Erwinia herbicola cells involves the action of tyrosine phenol-lyase (Tpl, EC 4.1.99.2)...
  54. Mohammadi M, Geider K. Autoinducer-2 of the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora and other plant-associated bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;266:34-41 pubmed
    ..The gene was identified in a shotgun library of Erwinia amylovora and primers designed for PCR amplification from bacterial DNA...
  55. Watanabe K, Sato M. Gut colonization by an ice nucleation active bacterium, Erwinia (Pantoea) ananas reduces the cold hardiness of mulberry pyralid larvae. Cryobiology. 1999;38:281-9 pubmed
    ..SCP) of larvae of mulberry pyralid, Glyphodes duplicalis, and silkworm, Bombyx mori, ingesting INA strains of Erwinia (Pantoea) ananas and Pseudomonas syringae was determined...
  56. Sohn S, Kim Y, Kim B, Lee S, Lim C, Hur J, et al. Transgenic tobacco expressing the hrpN(EP) gene from Erwinia pyrifoliae triggers defense responses against botrytis cinerea. Mol Cells. 2007;24:232-9 pubmed
    HrpN(EP), from the gram-negative pathogen, Erwinia pyrifoliae, is a member of the harpin group of proteins, inducing pathogen resistance and hypersensitive cell death in plants...
  57. Contesini F, Ibarguren C, Grosso C, Carvalho P, Sato H. Immobilization of glucosyltransferase from Erwinia sp. using two different techniques. J Biotechnol. 2012;158:137-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The optimum conditions for immobilization of Erwinia sp. glucosyltransferase onto Celite 545, determined using response surface methodology, was pH 4...
  58. Garcia Asua G, Cogdell R, Hunter C. Functional assembly of the foreign carotenoid lycopene into the photosynthetic apparatus of Rhodobacter sphaeroides, achieved by replacement of the native 3-step phytoene desaturase with its 4-step counterpart from Erwinia herbicola. Mol Microbiol. 2002;44:233-44 pubmed
    ..Replacing the native 3-step phytoene desaturase (CrtI) with the 4-step enzyme from Erwinia herbicola results in significant flux down the spirilloxanthin pathway for the first time in Rb. sphaeroides...
  59. Jin Q, Hu W, Brown I, McGhee G, Hart P, Jones A, et al. Visualization of secreted Hrp and Avr proteins along the Hrp pilus during type III secretion in Erwinia amylovora and Pseudomonas syringae. Mol Microbiol. 2001;40:1129-39 pubmed
    ..labelling procedure enabled visualization of the specific localization of type III effector proteins of Erwinia amylovora and Pseudomonas syringae pv...
  60. Geider K, Auling G, Du Z, Jakovljevic V, Jock S, Völksch B. Erwinia tasmaniensis sp. nov., a non-phytopathogenic bacterium from apple and pear trees. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:2937-43 pubmed
    ..results of these studies indicate that the bacteria belong to a novel separate species, which we propose to name Erwinia tasmaniensis sp. nov., with the type strain Et1/99(T) (=DSM 17950(T)=NCPPB 4357(T))...
  61. Shrestha R, Park D, Cho J, Cho S, Wilson C, Hwang I, et al. Genetic organization of the hrp genes cluster in Erwinia pyrifoliae and characterization of HR active domains in HrpNEp protein by mutational analysis. Mol Cells. 2008;25:30-42 pubmed
    ..and pathogenicity (hrp) genes, including the hrpW, hrpNEp, and hrpC operons have previously been sequenced in Erwinia pyrifoliae WT3 [Shrestha et al. (2005a)]...
  62. Mor H, Manulis S, Zuck M, Nizan R, Coplin D, Barash I. Genetic organization of the hrp gene cluster and dspAE/BF operon in Erwinia herbicola pv. gypsophilae. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:431-6 pubmed
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