enterobacter cloacae

Summary

Summary: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in water, sewage, soil, meat, hospital environments, and on the skin and in the intestinal tract of man and animals as a commensal.

Top Publications

  1. Wu Q, Liu Q, Han L, Sun J, Ni Y. Plasmid-mediated carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzyme KPC-2 and ArmA 16S rRNA methylase conferring high-level aminoglycoside resistance in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae in China. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;66:326-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated 5 isolates of Enterobacter cloacae that were resistant to all clinically available antimicrobial agents, except polymyxin B...
  2. Lu Z, Jin M, Huang M, Wang Y, Wang Y. Bioactivity of selenium-enriched exopolysaccharides produced by Enterobacter cloacae Z0206 in broilers. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;96:131-6 pubmed publisher
    To investigate effects of Se-enriched exopolysaccharides (Se-ECZ-EPS) produced by Enterobacter cloacae Z0206 on growth performance, antioxidant status and immune function, 240 broilers were randomly assigned into five groups: the control ..
  3. Kim S, Lee H, Choi Y, Kim S, Lee J, Lee Y, et al. Involvement of curli fimbriae in the biofilm formation of Enterobacter cloacae. J Microbiol. 2012;50:175-8 pubmed publisher
    ..mRNA expression of curli genes and the morphologies of curli fimbriae and biofilms in clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae. The csgBA operon was found in 11 (78.6%) of the 14 isolates. The ability of E...
  4. Zhang H, Gao Z, Wang W, Liu G, Xu J, Su X, et al. Structure of the type VI effector-immunity complex (Tae4-Tai4) provides novel insights into the inhibition mechanism of the effector by its immunity protein. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:5928-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report the crystal structures of Tae4 from Enterobacter cloacae and Tae4-Tai4 complexes from both E. cloacae and Salmonella typhimurium...
  5. Wu J, Ko W, Tsai S, Yan J. Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants QnrA, QnrB, and QnrS among clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae in a Taiwanese hospital. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007;51:1223-7 pubmed publisher
    ..quinolone resistance determinants, QnrA, QnrB, and QnrS, among 526 nonreplicate clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae collected at a Taiwanese university hospital in 2004 was determined by PCR and colony hybridization, and ..
  6. Song E, Park K, Jang E, Lee E, Chong Y, Cho O, et al. Comparison of the clinical and microbiologic characteristics of patients with Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter aerogenes bacteremia: a prospective observation study. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;66:436-40 pubmed publisher
    We compared the characteristics and outcomes of 172 Enterobacter cloacae bacteremia and 67 Enterobacter aerogenes bacteremia (EAB) cases. Antimicrobial resistance rates to E. cloacae were higher than those to E. aerogenes...
  7. Baydas B, Uslu H, Yavuz I, Ceylan I, Dağsuyu I. Effect of a chronic nail-biting habit on the oral carriage of Enterobacteriaceae. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2007;22:1-4 pubmed
    ..001). E. coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter gergoviae were found in the saliva samples of 19 of the 25 nail-biting subjects (76%), ..
  8. Huang S, Dai W, Sun S, Zhang X, Zhang L. Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance and aminoglycoside resistance determinants among carbapeneme non-susceptible Enterobacter cloacae. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47636 pubmed publisher
    ..quinolone resistance determinants (QRDs) and aminoglycoside resistance determinants (ARDs) among the CNS Enterobacter cloacae (E...
  9. Lascols C, Robert J, Cattoir V, Bebear C, Cavallo J, Podglajen I, et al. Type II topoisomerase mutations in clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae and other enterobacterial species harbouring the qnrA gene. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2007;29:402-9 pubmed
    ..Isolates of the Enterobacter cloacae complex were compared with reference strains of the new Enterobacter species...

More Information

Publications80

  1. Ikonomidis A, Spanakis N, Poulou A, Pournaras S, Markou F, Tsakris A. Emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae carrying VIM-4 metallo-beta-lactamase and SHV-2a extended-spectrum beta-lactamase in a conjugative plasmid. Microb Drug Resist. 2007;13:221-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae strains are still infrequently resistant to carbapenems. A carbapenem-resistant clinical isolate of E...
  2. Fernandez A, Pereira M, Suárez J, Poza M, Treviño M, Villalón P, et al. Emergence in Spain of a multidrug-resistant Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolate producing SFO-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:822-8 pubmed publisher
    ..by an epidemic, multidrug-resistant (MDR), and extended-spectrum-?-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strain of Enterobacter cloacae (EbSF), which was susceptible only to carbapenems...
  3. Herter T, Berezina O, Zinin N, Velikodvorskaya G, Greiner R, Borriss R. Glucose-1-phosphatase (AgpE) from Enterobacter cloacae displays enhanced phytase activity. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006;70:60-4 pubmed
    ..detection of phytate hydrolysing enzymes, the gene agpE encoding glucose-1-phosphatase was cloned from an Enterobacter cloacae VKPM B2254 plasmid library...
  4. Vonberg R, Wolter A, Kola A, Ziesing S, Gastmeier P. The endemic situation of Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae: you will only discover what you are looking for. J Hosp Infect. 2007;65:372-4 pubmed
  5. He G, Zhang C, Crow R, Thorpe C, Chen H, Kumar S, et al. SugE, a new member of the SMR family of transporters, contributes to antimicrobial resistance in Enterobacter cloacae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011;55:3954-7 pubmed publisher
    We cloned a gene, sugE, from the chromosome of Enterobacter cloacae ATCC 13047. Analysis of the susceptibilities of the sugE-containing strain (Escherichia coli KAM32/pSUGE28) and sugE-deficient E...
  6. Kanemitsu K, Endo S, Oda K, Saito K, Kunishima H, Hatta M, et al. An increased incidence of Enterobacter cloacae in a cardiovascular ward. J Hosp Infect. 2007;66:130-4 pubmed
    Routine surveillance in a cardiovascular ward showed that the incidence of Enterobacter cloacae isolated from sputum and oropharyngeal cultures in June 2004 increased to 27.6% (8/29) compared to 5...
  7. Oteo J, Cercenado E, Vindel A, Bautista V, Fernández Romero S, Sáez D, et al. Outbreak of multidrug-resistant CTX-M-15-producing Enterobacter cloacae in a neonatal intensive care unit. J Med Microbiol. 2013;62:571-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In a neonatal intensive care unit, 14 newborns were infected or colonized by CTX-M-15-producing Enterobacter cloacae. All seven infected patients had underlying medical conditions, and five of them were treated successfully ..
  8. Watson J, Jones R, Siston A, Fernandez J, Martin K, Beck E, et al. Outbreak of catheter-associated Klebsiella oxytoca and Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infections in an oncology chemotherapy center. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165:2639-43 pubmed
    ..Department of Public Health was notified of a cluster of bloodstream infections with Klebsiella oxytoca and Enterobacter cloacae at a chemotherapy center. Our purpose was to identify the source of the outbreak and prevent further cases.
  9. Chmelnitsky I, Navon Venezia S, Strahilevitz J, Carmeli Y. Plasmid-mediated qnrB2 and carbapenemase gene bla(KPC-2) carried on the same plasmid in carbapenem-resistant ciprofloxacin-susceptible Enterobacter cloacae isolates. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008;52:2962-5 pubmed publisher
    Fourteen out of 16 carbapenem-resistant quinolone-susceptible Enterobacter cloacae isolates were found to carry qnrB2 and bla(KPC-2) genes encoded on the same plasmid. One isolate also carried the aac(6')-Ib-cr gene...
  10. Ren Y, Ren Y, Zhou Z, Guo X, Li Y, Feng L, et al. Complete genome sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae type strain ATCC 13047. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:2463-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae is an important nosocomial pathogen. Here, we report the completion of the genome sequence of E. cloacae ATCC 13047, the type strain of E. cloacae subsp. cloacae...
  11. Daniel Hoffmann M, Sredni B, Nitzan Y. Bactericidal activity of the organo-tellurium compound AS101 against Enterobacter cloacae. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012;67:2165-72 pubmed publisher
    The antibacterial effect of the organo-tellurium compound AS101 on the Gram-negative bacterium Enterobacter cloacae is shown in this study for the first time.
  12. Liu W, Chung K, Wong C, Jiang J, Hui R, Leung F. Complete genome sequence of the endophytic Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae strain ENHKU01. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:5965 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae strain ENHKU01 is a Gram-negative endophyte isolated from a diseased pepper (Capsicum annuum) plant in Hong Kong. This is the first complete genome sequence report of a plant-endophytic strain of E...
  13. Xu Y, Wang A, Tao F, Su F, Tang H, Ma C, et al. Genome sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens SDM, an efficient biomass-utilizing producer of platform chemical 2,3-butanediol. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:897-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens SDM has an extraordinary characteristic of biomass utilization for 2,3-butanediol production. Here we present a 4.9-Mb assembly of its genome...
  14. Qureshi Z, Paterson D, Pakstis D, Adams Haduch J, Sandkovsky G, Sordillo E, et al. Risk factors and outcome of extended-spectrum ?-lactamase-producing Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infections. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2011;37:26-32 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae is a major nosocomial pathogen that causes serious infections, including bloodstream infections (BSIs). The clinical significance of extended-spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL) production in E...
  15. Krzyminska S, Koczura R, Mokracka J, Puton T, Kaznowski A. Isolates of the Enterobacter cloacae complex induce apoptosis of human intestinal epithelial cells. Microb Pathog. 2010;49:83-9 pubmed publisher
    Strains of the Enterobacter cloacae complex are becoming increasingly important human pathogen. The aim of the study was to identify, by sequencing the hsp60 gene, the species of clinical isolates phenotypically identified as E...
  16. Kruse E, Conrad A, Wenzler Röttele S, Jonas D, Dettenkofer M, Wolkewitz M, et al. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacter cloacae in mobile dialysis units in the medical and surgical departments of a university hospital: a case-control study. J Hosp Infect. 2010;75:33-6 pubmed publisher
    ..for colonisation and infection during an outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacter cloacae in the University Medical Center Freiburg...
  17. Dos Reis Ponce A, Martins M, de Araújo E, Mantovani H, Vanetti M. AiiA quorum-sensing quenching controls proteolytic activity and biofilm formation by Enterobacter cloacae. Curr Microbiol. 2012;65:758-63 pubmed publisher
    ..this work was to evaluate a quorum-quenching approach to identify functions regulated by quorum sensing in Enterobacter cloacae. We employed an aiiA transconjugant strain of E...
  18. Miyoshi Akiyama T, Hayakawa K, Ohmagari N, Shimojima M, Kirikae T. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for characterization of Enterobacter cloacae. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e66358 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae is an important emerging pathogen, which sometime causes respiratory infection, surgical site infection, urinary infection, sepsis, and outbreaks at neonatal units...
  19. Miro E, Segura C, Navarro F, Sorlí L, Coll P, Horcajada J, et al. Spread of plasmids containing the bla(VIM-1) and bla(CTX-M) genes and the qnr determinant in Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca isolates. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010;65:661-5 pubmed publisher
    We describe 12 VIM-1-producing strains (7 Enterobacter cloacae, 2 Klebsiella pneumoniae and 3 clonal Klebsiella oxytoca strains) detected among clinically relevant Enterobacteriaceae isolates from routine cultures at the Hospital del Mar (..
  20. Paauw A, Fluit A, Verhoef J, Leverstein van Hall M. Enterobacter cloacae outbreak and emergence of quinolone resistance gene in Dutch hospital. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:807-12 pubmed publisher
    An outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae infections with variable susceptibility to fluoroquinolones occurred in the University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands in 2002...
  21. Thompson L, Gray V, Kalala B, Lindsay D, Reynolds K, von Holy A. Biohydrogen production by Enterobacter cloacae and Citrobacter freundii in carrier induced granules. Biotechnol Lett. 2008;30:271-4 pubmed
    Carrier induced granular particles comprising Enterobacter cloacae and Citrobacter freundii were used to generate H(2) from sucrose in an anaerobic fluidized bed bioreactor. At a hydraulic retention time of 4.5 h, 95...
  22. Hermes J, Jansen A, Geipel U, Herrmann M, von Muller L, Haber M, et al. [Multi-dose packaging of drugs as the causative vehicle for multidrug-resistant Enterobacter cloacae: new results from a case-control study]. Gesundheitswesen. 2011;73:778-83 pubmed publisher
    ..In NICUs the use of multi-dose medications should be avoided. The cooperation between locally available expertise and infectious disease epidemiologists enabled the discovery of a previously unidentified risk factor...
  23. Sun S, Zhang Z, Luo Y, Zhong W, Xiao M, Yi W, et al. Exopolysaccharide production by a genetically engineered Enterobacter cloacae strain for microbial enhanced oil recovery. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:6153-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, an Enterobacter cloacae which is capable of producing water-insoluble biopolymers at 37°C and a thermophilic Geobacillus strain ..
  24. Paauw A, Verhoef J, Fluit A, Blok H, Hopmans T, Troelstra A, et al. Failure to control an outbreak of qnrA1-positive multidrug-resistant Enterobacter cloacae infection despite adequate implementation of recommended infection control measures. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:1420-5 pubmed
    A large outbreak with an aminoglycoside-resistant Enterobacter cloacae (AREC) clone occurred at the University Medical Center Utrecht beginning in 2001 and continued up through the time that this study was completed...
  25. Lo A, Verrall R, Williams J, Stratton C, Della Latta P, Tang Y. Carbapenem resistance via the blaKPC-2 gene in Enterobacter cloacae blood culture isolate. South Med J. 2010;103:453-4 pubmed publisher
    An Enterobacter cloacae blood culture isolate expressing carbapenem resistance via the Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase KPC-2 gene is reported...
  26. Zhao X, Xu X, Zhu D, Ye X, Wang M. Decreased quinolone susceptibility in high percentage of Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolates caused only by Qnr determinants. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;67:110-3 pubmed publisher
    The prevalence of qnr genes was similar in the ciprofloxacin-resistant and ciprofloxacin-susceptible Enterobacter cloacae isolates, and no amino acid change in quinolone resistance-determining regions was found in any of the 21 qnr-..
  27. Yoshida T, Inami Y, Matsui T, Nagasawa T. Regioselective carboxylation of catechol by 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate decarboxylase of Enterobacter cloacae P. Biotechnol Lett. 2010;32:701-5 pubmed publisher
    3,4-Dihydroxybenzoate decarboxylase in Enterobacter cloacae P241 was induced by adding 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid or 4-acetamidobenzoic acid to the culture medium...
  28. Leverstein van Hall M, Blok H, Paauw A, Fluit A, Troelstra A, Mascini E, et al. Extensive hospital-wide spread of a multidrug-resistant enterobacter cloacae clone, with late detection due to a variable antibiogram and frequent patient transfer. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:518-24 pubmed
    A hospital-wide increase in the number of patients with aminoglycoside-resistant Enterobacter cloacae (AREC) isolated from clinical cultures was detected in December 2002 using a classical surveillance system (CSS)...
  29. Kim S, Park Y, Yu J, Kim Y, Han K. Prevalence and characteristics of aac(6')-Ib-cr in AmpC-producing Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, and Serratia marcescens: a multicenter study from Korea. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009;63:314-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 479 clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae (179), Citrobacter freundii (134), and Serratia marcescens (166) from 12 laboratories between March and ..
  30. Dalben M, Varkulja G, Basso M, Krebs V, Gibelli M, Van der Heijden I, et al. Investigation of an outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae in a neonatal unit and review of the literature. J Hosp Infect. 2008;70:7-14 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae has emerged as an important pathogen in neonatal units, with several outbreaks of infection being reported. The aim of this study was to investigate an outbreak of sepsis due to E...
  31. Hamprecht A, Poirel L, Göttig S, Seifert H, Kaase M, Nordmann P. Detection of the carbapenemase GIM-1 in Enterobacter cloacae in Germany. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013;68:558-61 pubmed publisher
    To characterize the mechanisms involved in reduced susceptibility to carbapenems in two Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolates.
  32. Nivinskas H, Sarlauskas J, Anusevicius Z, Toogood H, Scrutton N, Cenas N. Reduction of aliphatic nitroesters and N-nitramines by Enterobacter cloacae PB2 pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase: quantitative structure-activity relationships. FEBS J. 2008;275:6192-203 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae PB2 NADPH:pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase (PETNR) performs the biodegradation of explosive organic nitrate esters via their reductive denitration...
  33. Hornsey M, Ellington M, Doumith M, Scott G, Livermore D, Woodford N. Emergence of AcrAB-mediated tigecycline resistance in a clinical isolate of Enterobacter cloacae during ciprofloxacin treatment. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2010;35:478-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Using isolates of an Enterobacter cloacae strain that developed tigecycline resistance in vivo during ciprofloxacin therapy as well as laboratory-..
  34. Khanna N, Kotay S, Gilbert J, Das D. Improvement of biohydrogen production by Enterobacter cloacae IIT-BT 08 under regulated pH. J Biotechnol. 2011;152:9-15 pubmed publisher
    ..investigates the effect of pH and intermediate products formation on biological hydrogen production using Enterobacter cloacae IIT-BT 08...
  35. Barraud O, Casellas M, Dagot C, Ploy M. An antibiotic-resistant class 3 integron in an Enterobacter cloacae isolate from hospital effluent. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013;19:E306-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe here a new class 3 integron, In3-5, detected in an Enterobacter cloacae isolate retrieved from a random French hospital effluent sample collected in 2009...
  36. Park Y, Lee S, Yu J, Woo G, Lee K, Arakawa Y. Co-production of 16S rRNA methylases and extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in AmpC-producing Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii and Serratia marcescens in Korea. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2006;58:907-8 pubmed
  37. Shankar M, Ponraj P, Illakkiam D, Rajendhran J, Gunasekaran P. Inactivation of the transcriptional regulator-encoding gene sdiA enhances rice root colonization and biofilm formation in Enterobacter cloacae GS1. J Bacteriol. 2013;195:39-45 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae GS1 is a plant growth-promoting bacterium which colonizes rice roots...
  38. Brink A, Coetzee J, Clay C, Sithole S, Richards G, Poirel L, et al. Emergence of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1) and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC-2) in South Africa. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:525-7 pubmed publisher
    ..pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae in South Africa...
  39. Yang C, Cheng Y, Ma X, Zhu Y, Holman H, Lin Z, et al. Surface-mediated chromate-resistant mechanism of Enterobacter cloacae bacteria investigated by atomic force microscopy. Langmuir. 2007;23:4480-5 pubmed
    The Enterobacter cloacae CYS-25 strain isolated from a chromate plant shows a strong capability for chromate resistance instead of chromate reduction in aerobic conditions...
  40. Perez A, Canle D, Latasa C, Poza M, Beceiro A, Tomas M, et al. Cloning, nucleotide sequencing, and analysis of the AcrAB-TolC efflux pump of Enterobacter cloacae and determination of its involvement in antibiotic resistance in a clinical isolate. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007;51:3247-53 pubmed
    b>Enterobacter cloacae is an emerging clinical pathogen that may be responsible for nosocomial infections...
  41. Oteo J, Hernández Almaraz J, Gil Antón J, Vindel A, Fernandez S, Bautista V, et al. Outbreak of vim-1-carbapenemase-producing Enterobacter cloacae in a pediatric intensive care unit. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010;29:1144-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe 3 cases of children infected with VIM-1-producing clonal Enterobacter cloacae. Patients were treated with amikacin and cotrimoxazole...
  42. Matsui T, Yoshida T, Hayashi T, Nagasawa T. Purification, characterization, and gene cloning of 4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase of Enterobacter cloacae P240. Arch Microbiol. 2006;186:21-9 pubmed
    We found the occurrence of 4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase in Enterobacter cloacae P240, isolated from soils under anaerobic conditions, and purified the enzyme to homogeneity...
  43. Khalaf N, Eletreby M, Hanson N. Characterization of CTX-M ESBLs in Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates from Cairo, Egypt. BMC Infect Dis. 2009;9:84 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aims to characterize the resistance mechanism (s) to extended spectrum cephalosporins among resistant clinical isolates at a medical institute in Cairo, Egypt...
  44. Faheem M, Rehman M, Danishuddin M, Khan A. Biochemical characterization of CTX-M-15 from Enterobacter cloacae and designing a novel non-?-lactam-?-lactamase inhibitor. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56926 pubmed publisher
    ..coli DH5? transformed with bla(CTX-M-15) gene that was cloned from Enterobacter cloacae (EC-15) strain of clinical background...
  45. Krzyminska S, Mokracka J, Koczura R, Kaznowski A. Cytotoxic activity of Enterobacter cloacae human isolates. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2009;56:248-52 pubmed publisher
    We examined 55 Enterobacter cloacae isolates from clinical specimens for the production of cytotonic and cytotoxic toxins and the presence of the type III secretion system (TTSS)...
  46. Ridley H, Watts C, Richardson D, Butler C. Development of a viologen-based microtiter plate assay for the analysis of oxyanion reductase activity: application to the membrane-bound selenate reductase from Enterobacter cloacae SLD1a-1. Anal Biochem. 2006;358:289-94 pubmed
    The membrane-bound selenate reductase of Enterobacter cloacae SLD1a-1 is purified in low yield and has relatively low activity in the pure form compared to that of other oxyanion reductases, such as the membrane-bound and periplasmic ..
  47. Paauw A, Caspers M, Schuren F, Leverstein van Hall M, Deletoile A, Montijn R, et al. Genomic diversity within the Enterobacter cloacae complex. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3018 pubmed publisher
    Isolates of the Enterobacter cloacae complex have been increasingly isolated as nosocomial pathogens, but phenotypic identification of the E. cloacae complex is unreliable and irreproducible...
  48. Teo J, La M, Krishnan P, Ang B, Jureen R, Lin R. Enterobacter cloacae producing an uncommon class A carbapenemase, IMI-1, from Singapore. J Med Microbiol. 2013;62:1086-8 pubmed publisher
    ..describe the characterization of an infrequently encountered class A carbapenemase, IMI-1, from a clinical Enterobacter cloacae isolate...
  49. Heller I, Grif K, Orth D. Emergence of VIM-1-carbapenemase-producing Enterobacter cloacae in Tyrol, Austria. J Med Microbiol. 2012;61:567-71 pubmed publisher
    ..PFGE was performed to determine the genetic relatedness. In total, 33 isolates (28 Enterobacter cloacae and 5 Enterobacter aerogenes) were collected during the study period...
  50. Madmony A, Chernin L, Pleban S, Peleg E, Riov J. Enterobacter cloacae, an obligatory endophyte of pollen grains of Mediterranean pines. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2005;50:209-16 pubmed
    b>Enterobacter cloacae was found to be associated with the pollen of several Mediterranean pines. The bacterium was detected only in mature pollen of Pinus halepensis, P. brutia, and P. pinea. E...
  51. Bennett J, Herrera M, Lewis J, Wickes B, Jorgensen J. KPC-2-producing Enterobacter cloacae and pseudomonas putida coinfection in a liver transplant recipient. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009;53:292-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe bacteremia in a critically ill liver transplant recipient infected with KPC-2-producing Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas putida. Although this enzyme has been previously described in Enterobacter spp...
  52. Rezaei F, Xing D, Wagner R, Regan J, Richard T, Logan B. Simultaneous cellulose degradation and electricity production by Enterobacter cloacae in a microbial fuel cell. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:3673-8 pubmed publisher
    ..using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and band sequencing revealed that the dominant bacterium was Enterobacter cloacae. An isolate designated E. cloacae FR from the enrichment was found to be 100% identical to E...
  53. Ma J, Kobayashi D, Yee N. Chemical kinetic and molecular genetic study of selenium oxyanion reduction by Enterobacter cloacae SLD1a-1. Environ Sci Technol. 2007;41:7795-801 pubmed
    ..techniques to investigate the mechanisms of Se(IV) and Se-(VI) reduction by the facultative anaerobe Enterobacter cloacae SLD1a-1...
  54. Hua X, Wu Z, Zhang H, Lu D, Wang M, Liu Y, et al. Degradation of hexadecane by Enterobacter cloacae strain TU that secretes an exopolysaccharide as a bioemulsifier. Chemosphere. 2010;80:951-6 pubmed publisher
    ..previously shown to utilize alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), was identified as Enterobacter cloacae (GenBank accession number, GQ426323) by 16S rRNA sequence analysis and was designated as strain TU...
  55. Park Y, Yu J, Lee S, Oh E, Woo G. Prevalence and diversity of qnr alleles in AmpC-producing Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Citrobacter freundii and Serratia marcescens: a multicentre study from Korea. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007;60:868-71 pubmed
    ..To investigate the prevalence of qnr determinants, their influence on quinolone susceptibility and their association with other plasmid-mediated genes in AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae without any selection criteria...
  56. Morand P, Billoet A, Rottman M, Sivadon Tardy V, Eyrolle L, Jeanne L, et al. Specific distribution within the Enterobacter cloacae complex of strains isolated from infected orthopedic implants. J Clin Microbiol. 2009;47:2489-95 pubmed publisher
    ..clusters (clusters I to XII) and one sequence crowd (sequence crowd xiii) can be distinguished within the Enterobacter cloacae nomenspecies on the basis of hsp60 sequence analysis, and until now, none of these clusters could be ..
  57. Iabadene H, Messai Y, Ammari H, Ramdani Bouguessa N, Lounes S, Bakour R, et al. Dissemination of ESBL and Qnr determinants in Enterobacter cloacae in Algeria. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2008;62:133-6 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and diversity of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolates collected from Algerian hospitals and to verify the association with qnr genes.
  58. Liu G, Ling B, Xie Y, Lin L, Zeng Y, Zhang X, et al. Characterization of CTX-M-22 and TEM-141 Encoded by a single plasmid from a clinical isolate of Enterobacter cloacae in China. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2007;60:295-7 pubmed
    We analyzed the resistance to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins of an Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolate, EC002, by transconjugation, isoelectric-focusing analysis, and cloning experiments...
  59. Poirel L, Nguyen T, Weintraub A, Leviandier C, Nordmann P. Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant qnrS in Enterobacter cloacae. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2006;12:1021-3 pubmed
    ..In total, 162 Escherichia coli isolates, 28 Shigella isolates and three Enterobacter cloacae isolates were negative for qnrA, while a single Ent...
  60. Keeney D, Ruzin A, Bradford P. RamA, a transcriptional regulator, and AcrAB, an RND-type efflux pump, are associated with decreased susceptibility to tigecycline in Enterobacter cloacae. Microb Drug Resist. 2007;13:1-6 pubmed
    ..is active against many gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial pathogens including most strains of Enterobacter cloacae. Recently, however, a few clinical strains of E...
  61. Perez A, Poza M, Fernandez A, Fernandez M, Mallo S, Merino M, et al. Involvement of the AcrAB-TolC efflux pump in the resistance, fitness, and virulence of Enterobacter cloacae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012;56:2084-90 pubmed publisher
    ..the effect of the inactivation of AcrAB-TolC on antimicrobial resistance, fitness, and virulence in Enterobacter cloacae, an opportunistic pathogen usually involved in nosocomial infections. Two different clinical isolates of E...
  62. Chen L, Chen Z, Liu J, Zeng Z, Ma J, Jiang H. Emergence of RmtB methylase-producing Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae isolates from pigs in China. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007;59:880-5 pubmed
    ..To investigate the occurrence of 16S rRNA methylases conferring high-level resistance to aminoglycosides in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from two pig farms in China...
  63. Xu H, Miao V, Kwong W, Xia R, Davies J. Identification of a novel fosfomycin resistance gene (fosA2) in Enterobacter cloacae from the Salmon River, Canada. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2011;52:427-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the occurrence of fosfomycin-resistant (fos(R) ) bacteria in aquatic environments...
  64. Shankar M, Ponraj P, Ilakkiam D, Gunasekaran P. Root colonization of a rice growth promoting strain of Enterobacter cloacae. J Basic Microbiol. 2011;51:523-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Enterobacter cloacae GS1 was isolated by in-planta enrichment of a rice rhizoplane bacterial community. It displayed strong seed adherence ability (2.5 × 10(5) cfu/seed) and colonized rice roots reaching up to 1...
  65. Coelho A, Piedra Carrasco N, Bartolome R, Quintero Zarate J, Larrosa N, Cornejo Sánchez T, et al. Role of IncHI2 plasmids harbouring blaVIM-1, blaCTX-M-9, aac(6')-Ib and qnrA genes in the spread of multiresistant Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains in different units at Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2012;39:514-7 pubmed publisher
    Seven Enterobacter cloacae isolates and seven Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates harbouring a phenotype compatible with the production of a metallo-?-lactamase were recovered between 2009 and 2011 in three Intensive Care Units of Hospital ..
  66. Dai W, Sun S, Yang P, Huang S, Zhang X, Zhang L. Characterization of carbapenemases, extended spectrum ?-lactamases and molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-non-susceptible Enterobacter cloacae in a Chinese hospital in Chongqing. Infect Genet Evol. 2013;14:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize the carbapenemases and ESBLs in carbapenem-non-susceptible (CNS) Enterobacter cloacae (E. cloacae) isolates from a Chinese teaching hospital. A total of 986 non-duplicated E...
  67. Kuo C, Wang J, Chien J, Chen Y, Wu V, Tsai C, et al. Nontraumatic pneumocephalus due to nosocomial Enterobacter cloacae infection. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010;66:108-10 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of Enterobacter cloacae meningitis complicated with a nontraumatic pneumocephalus...
  68. Yang F, Yan J, Hung K, Wu J. Characterization of ertapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae in a Taiwanese university hospital. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:223-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to characterize ertapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae isolates from a Taiwanese university hospital. A total of 355 nonduplicated E...
  69. Vasan P, Piriya P, Prabhu D, Vennison S. Cellulosic ethanol production by Zymomonas mobilis harboring an endoglucanase gene from Enterobacter cloacae. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:2585-9 pubmed publisher
    ..cloacae isolate. The recombinant Z. mobilis strain could be improved further by simultaneous expression of cellulase cocktails before utilizing it for industrial level ethanol production...
  70. Moriguchi N, Itahashi Y, Tabata N, Yamazumi T, Furuta I, Shibata N, et al. Outbreak of CTX-M-3-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacter cloacae in a pediatric ward. J Infect Chemother. 2007;13:263-6 pubmed
    A first resistant strain of Enterobacter cloacae was isolated from a blood specimen in a pediatric patient with immature teratoma-developed sepsis after combination chemotherapy...
  71. Touati A, Benallaoua S, Forte D, Madoux J, Brasme L, De Champs C. First report of CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-3 beta-lactamases among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae in Béjaia, Algeria. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006;27:397-402 pubmed
    ..test yielded a positive result in five cases (three Escherichia coli, one Klebsiella pneumoniae and one Enterobacter cloacae). Using polymerase chain reaction and sequencing, the three E. coli isolates and the K...