citrobacter

Summary

Summary: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped enterobacteria that can use citrate as the sole source of carbon.

Top Publications

  1. Samonis G, Karageorgopoulos D, Kofteridis D, Matthaiou D, Sidiropoulou V, Maraki S, et al. Citrobacter infections in a general hospital: characteristics and outcomes. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009;28:61-8 pubmed publisher
    In this investigation, we sought to investigate the characteristics of Citrobacter spp. infections...
  2. Shahid M. Citrobacter spp. simultaneously harboring blaCTX-M, blaTEM, blaSHV, blaampC, and insertion sequences IS26 and orf513: an evolutionary phenomenon of recent concern for antibiotic resistance. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:1833-8 pubmed publisher
    A collection of 40 confirmed isolates of Citrobacter spp., obtained from the culture of 5,732 clinical samples during 2006 to 2008, was studied for the presence of blaCTX-M, blaTEM, blaSHV, and blaampC by monoplex and multiplex PCRs...
  3. Carlini A, Mattei R, Mazzotta L, Lucarotti I, Pioli R, Bartelloni A, et al. Citrobacter braakii, an unusual organism as cause of acute peritonitis in PD patients. Perit Dial Int. 2005;25:405-6 pubmed
  4. Bartowsky E, Normark S. Purification and mutant analysis of Citrobacter freundii AmpR, the regulator for chromosomal AmpC beta-lactamase. Mol Microbiol. 1991;5:1715-25 pubmed
    AmpR, the transcriptional regulator for the Citrobacter freundii ampC beta-lactamase gene, was purified...
  5. Xie S, Yang J, Chen C, Zhang X, Wang Q, Zhang C. Study on biosorption kinetics and thermodynamics of uranium by Citrobacter freudii. J Environ Radioact. 2008;99:126-33 pubmed
    ..In this study, a bacterium, Citrobacter freudii, was used as a biosorbent to adsorb uranium ions...
  6. Kehrenberg C, Friederichs S, de Jong A, Schwarz S. Novel variant of the qnrB gene, qnrB12, in Citrobacter werkmanii. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008;52:1206-7 pubmed
  7. Macaskie L, Bonthrone K, Yong P, Goddard D. Enzymically mediated bioprecipitation of uranium by a Citrobacter sp. : a concerted role for exocellular lipopolysaccharide and associated phosphatase in biomineral formation. Microbiology. 2000;146 ( Pt 8):1855-67 pubmed
    A Citrobacter sp. accumulated uranyl ion (UO2(2+)) via precipitation with phosphate ligand liberated by phosphatase activity...
  8. Pepperell C, Kus J, Gardam M, Humar A, Burrows L. Low-virulence Citrobacter species encode resistance to multiple antimicrobials. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002;46:3555-60 pubmed
    b>Citrobacter spp. are gram-negative commensal bacteria that infrequently cause serious nosocomial infections in compromised hosts. They are often resistant to cephalosporins due to overexpression of their chromosomal beta-lactamase...
  9. Jacoby G, Griffin C, Hooper D. Citrobacter spp. as a source of qnrB Alleles. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011;55:4979-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Almost two-thirds of the qnrB alleles have been reported in Citrobacter spp., and several were shown to be located on the chromosome...

More Information

Publications76

  1. Gursu M, Aydin Z, Pehlivanoglu F, Ozturk S, Karadag S, Uzun S, et al. Citrobacter peritonitis: two cases and review of the literature. Perit Dial Int. 2011;31:409-11 pubmed publisher
    One of the uncommon gram negative organisms causing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients is Citrobacter. Because of this organism's resistant nature, treatment for Citrobacter peritonitis may be difficult, and removal of the ..
  2. Slessor K, Stok J, Cavaignac S, Hawkes D, Ghasemi Y, De Voss J. Cineole biodegradation: molecular cloning, expression and characterisation of (1R)-6beta-hydroxycineole dehydrogenase from Citrobacter braakii. Bioorg Chem. 2010;38:81-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In Citrobacter braakii, cytochrome P450(cin) has previously been demonstrated to perform the first oxidation to produce (1R)-..
  3. Tan C, Lai C, Lin S, Liao C, Huang Y, Hsueh P. Fatal Citrobacter farmeri meningitis in a patient with nasopharyngeal cancer. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:1499-500 pubmed publisher
    We describe the case of an adult male with nasopharyngeal carcinoma who had meningitis caused by Citrobacter farmeri. The isolate was confirmed as C. farmeri by two commercial identification systems and 16S rRNA gene analysis...
  4. Huang H, Tseng S. Nitrate reduction by Citrobacter diversus under aerobic environment. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001;55:90-4 pubmed
    A new aerobic denitrifier, Citrobacter diversus, was isolated from both nitrification and denitrification sludge. To monitor the variation in the concentration of nitrogen oxides, aerobic denitrification by C...
  5. Mokracka J, Koczura R, Kaznowski A. Yersiniabactin and other siderophores produced by clinical isolates of Enterobacter spp. and Citrobacter spp. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2004;40:51-5 pubmed
    We analyzed the ability of extraintestinal strains of Enterobacter spp. and Citrobacter spp. to employ different siderophore-mediated strategies of iron acquisition. All strains produced iron-chelating compounds...
  6. Kanamori H, Yano H, Hirakata Y, Endo S, Arai K, Ogawa M, et al. High prevalence of extended-spectrum ?-lactamases and qnr determinants in Citrobacter species from Japan: dissemination of CTX-M-2. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2011;66:2255-62 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we investigated the prevalence and regional variation of ESBLs in Japanese clinical isolates of Citrobacter spp. and analysed plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants in ESBL-producing Citrobacter spp.
  7. Nawaz M, Khan A, Khan S, Sung K, Steele R. Isolation and characterization of tetracycline-resistant Citrobacter spp. from catfish. Food Microbiol. 2008;25:85-91 pubmed
    Fifty-two tetracycline-resistant Citrobacter spp. strains were isolated from farm-raised catfish. Morphological and biochemical characteristics indicated that 38 of the 52 citrobacters were Citrobacter freundii, 7 were C...
  8. Patel D, Archana G, Kumar G. Variation in the nature of organic acid secretion and mineral phosphate solubilization by Citrobacter sp. DHRSS in the presence of different sugars. Curr Microbiol. 2008;56:168-74 pubmed
    ..PCR amplification of the rRNA gene and sequence analysis identified this bacterium as Citrobacter sp. DHRSS. On sucrose and fructose Citrobacter sp...
  9. McGeehan J, Streeter S, Thresh S, Taylor J, Shevtsov M, Kneale G. Structural analysis of a novel class of R-M controller proteins: C.Csp231I from Citrobacter sp. RFL231. J Mol Biol. 2011;409:177-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The protein structure shows an unusual positively charged surface that could form the basis for wrapping the DNA completely around the C-protein dimer...
  10. Kim Y, Lee S, Park B, Son M, Jung Y, Yang S, et al. Proteomic analysis on acetate metabolism in Citrobacter sp. BL-4. Int J Biol Sci. 2012;8:66-78 pubmed
    ..Prior to set up a microbial cellular platform, this study was to assess acetate metabolism in Citrobacter sp. BL-4 (BL-4) which has produced a polyglucosamine PGB-2...
  11. Chao C, Lee S, Yang W, Chen H, Fang C, Yen C, et al. Citrobacter peritoneal dialysis peritonitis: rare occurrence with poor outcomes. Int J Med Sci. 2013;10:1092-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The role of Citrobacter species in the etiology of PD-related peritonitis is often underestimated...
  12. Pontoppidan K, Glitsoe V, Guggenbuhl P, Quintana A, Nunes C, Pettersson D, et al. In vitro and in vivo degradation of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate by a phytase from Citrobacter braakii. Arch Anim Nutr. 2012;66:431-44 pubmed publisher
    ..of this work was to investigate the stereospecific degradation of InsP? in vitro and in vivo by a phytase from Citrobacter braakii (C...
  13. Kocharova N, Zatonsky G, Bystrova O, Shashkov A, Knirel Y, Kholodkova E, et al. Structure of the O-specific polysaccharide of Citrobacter braakii O7a,3b,1c. Carbohydr Res. 2001;333:335-8 pubmed
    The following structure of the O-specific polysaccharide of Citrobacter braakii O7a,3b,1c was established using sugar and methylation analyses and NMR spectroscopy, including 2D COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, and 1H, 13C heteronuclear single-..
  14. Lipinski T, Zatonsky G, Kocharova N, Jaquinod M, Forest E, Shashkov A, et al. Structures of two O-chain polysaccharides of Citrobacter gillenii O9a,9b lipopolysaccharide. A new homopolymer of 4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-mannose (perosamine). Eur J Biochem. 2002;269:93-9 pubmed
    ..Anti-(C. gillenii O9a,9b) serum reacted with PS1 in double immunodiffusion and immunoblotting, whereas neither PS2 nor the lipopolysaccharide of Vibrio cholerae O1 with a structurally related O-chain polysaccharide were reactive...
  15. Tenover F, Filpula D, Phillips K, Plorde J. Cloning and sequencing of a gene encoding an aminoglycoside 6'-N-acetyltransferase from an R factor of Citrobacter diversus. J Bacteriol. 1988;170:471-3 pubmed
    ..AAC(6')-I] mediating resistance to kanamycin, tobramycin, and amikacin, was cloned from the Citrobacter diversus R plasmid pBWH100 into the Escherichia coli vector pBR322...
  16. Luo H, Huang H, Yang P, Wang Y, Yuan T, Wu N, et al. A novel phytase appA from Citrobacter amalonaticus CGMCC 1696: gene cloning and overexpression in Pichia pastoris. Curr Microbiol. 2007;55:185-92 pubmed
    A novel phytase gene appA, with upstream and downstream sequences from Citrobacter amalonaticus CGMCC 1696, was cloned by degenerate polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and thermal asymmetric interlaced (TAIL) PCR and was overexpressed in ..
  17. Li F, Zhu L. Effect of surfactant-induced cell surface modifications on electron transport system and catechol 1,2-dioxygenase activities and phenanthrene biodegradation by Citrobacter sp. SA01. Bioresour Technol. 2012;123:42-8 pubmed publisher
    ..surface hydrophobicity (CSH), electron transport system (ETS) activities and phenanthrene biodegradation by Citrobacter sp. SA01. Tween 80 and SDBS increased CSH by 19.8-25.2%, ETS activities by 352.1-376...
  18. Lavigne J, Defez C, Bouziges N, Mahamat A, Sotto A. Clinical and molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Citrobacter spp. infections in a French university hospital. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007;26:439-41 pubmed
  19. Deng W, Vallance B, Li Y, Puente J, Finlay B. Citrobacter rodentium translocated intimin receptor (Tir) is an essential virulence factor needed for actin condensation, intestinal colonization and colonic hyperplasia in mice. Mol Microbiol. 2003;48:95-115 pubmed
    b>Citrobacter rodentium infection of mice serves as a relevant small animal model to study enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) infections in man. Enteropathogenic E...
  20. Sanchez Cespedes J, Marti S, Soto S, Alba V, Melcion C, Almela M, et al. Two chromosomally located qnrB variants, qnrB6 and the new qnrB16, in Citrobacter spp. isolates causing bacteraemia. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15:1132-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Five strains were found to carry a qnr gene, one of which, qnrB16, a new variant of qnrB, was detected in a Citrobacter freundii isolate. The qnrB6 variant was found in two C...
  21. Kim M, Kim Y, Park H, Lee J, Kwak S, Jung W, et al. Structural insight into bioremediation of triphenylmethane dyes by Citrobacter sp. triphenylmethane reductase. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:31981-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Triphenylmethane reductase (TMR) from Citrobacter sp...
  22. Mruk I, Kaczorowski T. A rapid and efficient method for cloning genes of type II restriction-modification systems by use of a killer plasmid. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:4286-93 pubmed
    ..The new method was successfully used to clone two R-M systems, BstZ1II from Bacillus stearothermophilus 14P and Csp231I from Citrobacter sp. strain RFL231, both isospecific to the prototype HindIII R-M system.
  23. Petrella S, Clermont D, Casin I, Jarlier V, Sougakoff W. Novel class A beta-lactamase Sed-1 from Citrobacter sedlakii: genetic diversity of beta-lactamases within the Citrobacter genus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2001;45:2287-98 pubmed
    b>Citrobacter sedlakii 2596, a clinical strain resistant to aminopenicillins, carboxypenicillins, and early cephalosporins such as cephalothin, but remaining susceptible to acylureidopenicillins, carbapenems, and later cephalosporins such ..
  24. Ocholi R, Chima J, Spencer T. Concurrent infection of a Patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) by Citrobacter freundii and Trichuris trichiura. J Wildl Dis. 1989;25:124-5 pubmed
    Concurrent infection of Citrobacter freundii and Trichuris trichiura in a Patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas) is reported. A synergistic effect of both organisms contributing to host mortality in this case is suggested.
  25. Dhiaf A, Bakhrouf A, Witzel K. Resuscitation of eleven-year VBNC Citrobacter. J Water Health. 2008;6:565-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Citrobacter freundii strain WA1 was stressed by incubation in seawater microcosms for eleven years. After two years of starvation, no culturable strain was observed...
  26. Frankel G, Phillips A, Novakova M, Field H, Candy D, Schauer D, et al. Intimin from enteropathogenic Escherichia coli restores murine virulence to a Citrobacter rodentium eaeA mutant: induction of an immunoglobulin A response to intimin and EspB. Infect Immun. 1996;64:5315-25 pubmed
    ..is central to the pathogenesis of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC)-mediated disease in humans and Citrobacter rodentium (formerly C. freundii biotype 4280)-mediated transmissible colonic hyperplasia in mice...
  27. Underwood S, Avison M. Citrobacter koseri and Citrobacter amalonaticus isolates carry highly divergent beta-lactamase genes despite having high levels of biochemical similarity and 16S rRNA sequence homology. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004;53:1076-80 pubmed
    Isolates previously identified as Citrobacter diversus are now known as Citrobacter koseri. We measured sequence variation at the beta-lactamase structural gene among a group of clinical isolates originally identified as C...
  28. Kim B, Lee S, Choi S, Kim N, Woo J, Ryu J, et al. Outcome of antibiotic therapy for third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Gram-negative bacteraemia: an analysis of 249 cases caused by Citrobacter, Enterobacter and Serratia species. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2003;22:106-11 pubmed
    ..and forty-nine patients with monomicrobial bacteraemia due to third-generation cephalosporin (TGC)-resistant Citrobacter freundii (42), E. aerogenes (23), E...
  29. Rizvi M, Fatima N, Rashid M, Shukla I, Malik A, Usman A, et al. Extended spectrum AmpC and metallo-beta-lactamases in Serratia and Citrobacter spp. in a disc approximation assay. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2009;3:285-94 pubmed
    ..of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), AmpC and metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing Serratia and Citrobacter species using cefoperazone sulbactam as well as other inducer-substrate combinations in a disc approximation ..
  30. Iversen C, Waddington M, On S, Forsythe S. Identification and phylogeny of Enterobacter sakazakii relative to Enterobacter and Citrobacter Species. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:5368-70 pubmed
    ..sakazakii strains among four clusters, indicating substantial taxonomic heterogeneity. The E. sakazakii type strain 16S rDNA sequence was 97.8% similar to that of Citrobacter koseri but 97.0% similar to that of Enterobacter cloacae.
  31. Oefner C, D Arcy A, Daly J, Gubernator K, Charnas R, Heinze I, et al. Refined crystal structure of beta-lactamase from Citrobacter freundii indicates a mechanism for beta-lactam hydrolysis. Nature. 1990;343:284-8 pubmed
    ..We report here the refined three-dimensional structure of the class C beta-lactamase from Citrobacter freundii at 2.0-A resolution and confirm the predicted structural similarity...
  32. Jang M, Lee Y, Kim C, Lee J, Kang D, Kim S, et al. Triphenylmethane reductase from Citrobacter sp. strain KCTC 18061P: purification, characterization, gene cloning, and overexpression of a functional protein in Escherichia coli. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:7955-60 pubmed
    We purified to homogeneity an enzyme from Citrobacter sp. strain KCTC 18061P capable of decolorizing triphenylmethane dyes. The native form of the enzyme was identified as a homodimer with a subunit molecular mass of about 31 kDa...
  33. Gupta N, Yadav A, Choudhary U, Arora D. Citrobacter bacteremia in a tertiary care hospital. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003;35:765-8 pubmed
    From January 1998 to December 2001, 176 cases of Citrobacter bacteremia occurred of which repeat isolation was possible in 48 cases. Of 48 isolates, 79.1% were C. diversus and 20.9% C. freundii...
  34. Jang J, Hia H, Ike M, Inoue C, Fujita M, Yoshida T. Acid hydrolysis and quantitative determination of total hexosamines of an exopolysaccharide produced by Citrobacter sp. Biotechnol Lett. 2005;27:13-8 pubmed
    During the hydrolysis of an exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by Citrobacter sp., the maximum liberation of hexosamine was obtained with 6 M HCl at 115 degrees C in an autoclave for 1 h...
  35. Tirsoaga A, El Hamidi A, Perry M, Caroff M, Novikov A. A rapid, small-scale procedure for the structural characterization of lipid A applied to Citrobacter and Bordetella strains: discovery of a new structural element. J Lipid Res. 2007;48:2419-27 pubmed
    ..We illustrate the method by applying it to the analysis of lipids A of three species of Citrobacter that were found to be identical...
  36. Demidkina T, Myagkikh I, Azhayev A. Transamination catalysed by tyrosine phenol-lyase from Citrobacter intermedius. Eur J Biochem. 1987;170:311-6 pubmed
    ..The transfer of the amino group to the coenzyme takes place in the direction from amino acid to pyridoxal phosphate, but not in the opposite direction, i.e. the transamination is irreversible...
  37. Kim L, Hong S, Son M, Lee Y. Polymeric and compositional properties of novel extracellular microbial polyglucosamine biopolymer from new strain of citrobacter sp. BL-4. Biotechnol Lett. 2006;28:241-5 pubmed
    A novel polyglucosamine polymer, PGB-2, was produced extracellularly from a new strain Citrobacter sp. BL-4 using pH-stat fed batch cultivation. It was composed of 97.3% glucosamine and 2...
  38. Kim J, Lim Y. Prevalence of derepressed ampC mutants and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producers among clinical isolates of Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter spp., and Serratia marcescens in Korea: dissemination of CTX-M-3, TEM-52, and SHV-12. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:2452-5 pubmed
    The resistance mechanism of extended-spectrum cephalosporins in clinical isolates of Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter spp., and Serratia marcescens was studied. Of 152 isolates, 45 isolates (29...
  39. Patel K, Vig S, Naresh Kumar G, Archana G. Effect of transgenic rhizobacteria overexpressing Citrobacter braakii appA on phytate-P availability to mung bean plants. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010;20:1491-9 pubmed
    ..In the present study, Citrobacter braakii phytase gene (appA) was over-expressed in rhizobacteria possessing plant growth promoting (PGP) traits ..
  40. Siddiqi K, Husen A, Rao R. A review on biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles and their biocidal properties. J Nanobiotechnology. 2018;16:14 pubmed publisher
    ..Ag NPs arrest the growth and multiplication of many bacteria such as Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Citrobacter koseri, Salmonella typhii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Vibrio ..
  41. Książczyk M, Kuczkowski M, Dudek B, Korzekwa K, Tobiasz A, Korzeniowska Kowal A, et al. Application of Routine Diagnostic Procedure, VITEK 2 Compact, MALDI-TOF MS, and PCR Assays in Identification Procedure of Bacterial Strain with Ambiguous Phenotype. Curr Microbiol. 2016;72:570-82 pubmed publisher
    ..coli and Citrobacter spp., mass spectrometry analysis of proteome initially assigned the tested strain to Citrobacter genus (C...
  42. Dillon R, Webster G, Weightman A, Dillon V, Blanford S, Charnley A. Composition of Acridid gut bacterial communities as revealed by 16S rRNA gene analysis. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;97:265-72 pubmed
    ..A single bacterial phylotype, consistent with Citrobacter sp. dominated the gut microbiota of two sympatric populations of Moroccan and Italian locusts in Spain...
  43. Wen S, Feng D, Lu Z, Liu J, Peters B, Tang H, et al. Microbial infection pattern, pathogenic features and resistance mechanism of carbapenem-resistant Gram negative bacilli during long-term hospitalization. Microb Pathog. 2018;117:356-360 pubmed publisher
    ..isolates, including two blaIMP-25-carrying Pseudomonas aeruginosa, one blaNDM-1-carrying Citrobacter freundii, three blaNDM-1-carrying Klebsiella pneumoniae and six blaKPC-2-carrying K...
  44. Nukaga M, Papp Wallace K, Hoshino T, Lefurgy S, Bethel C, Barnes M, et al. Probing the Mechanism of Inactivation of the FOX-4 Cephamycinase by Avibactam. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018;62: pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, a single amino acid substitution at N346 in the Citrobacter AmpC is implicated in resistance to the aztreonam-avibactam combination...
  45. Hammerum A, Hansen F, Nielsen H, Jakobsen L, Stegger M, Andersen P, et al. Use of WGS data for investigation of a long-term NDM-1-producing Citrobacter freundii outbreak and secondary in vivo spread of blaNDM-1 to Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016;71:3117-3124 pubmed
    An outbreak of NDM-1-producing Citrobacter freundii and possible secondary in vivo spread of blaNDM-1 to other Enterobacteriaceae were investigated...
  46. Zamani H, Rakhshaee R, Garakoui S. Two contrary roles of Fe3O4 nanoparticles on kinetic and thermodynamic of Paclitaxel degradation by Citrobacter amalonaticus Rashtia immobilized on sodium alginate gel beads. J Hazard Mater. 2018;344:566-575 pubmed publisher
    Roles of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) on biodegradation of Paclitaxel by Citrobacter amalonaticus immobilized on alginate gel beads were investigated...
  47. Thomassin J, Leclerc J, Giannakopoulou N, Zhu L, Salmon K, Portt A, et al. Systematic Analysis of Two-Component Systems in Citrobacter rodentium Reveals Positive and Negative Roles in Virulence. Infect Immun. 2017;85: pubmed publisher
    b>Citrobacter rodentium is a murine pathogen used to model intestinal infections caused by the human diarrheal pathogens enterohemorrhagic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli During infection, bacteria use two-component systems (TCSs) to ..
  48. Solaymani Mohammadi S, Lakhdari O, Minev I, Shenouda S, Frey B, Billeskov R, et al. Lack of the programmed death-1 receptor renders host susceptible to enteric microbial infection through impairing the production of the mucosal natural killer cell effector molecules. J Leukoc Biol. 2016;99:475-82 pubmed publisher
    ..killer T cells, or CD11b(+) or CD11c(+) macrophages or dendritic cells after infection with the mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium...
  49. Madrona Y, Hollingsworth S, Khan B, Poulos T. P450cin active site water: implications for substrate binding and solvent accessibility. Biochemistry. 2013;52:5039-50 pubmed publisher
    ..These data indicate the importance of the interconnected water network on substrate binding and on the open/closed conformational equilibrium, which are both critically important for maintaining high-coupling efficiency. ..
  50. Lee Y, Yang H, Yang J, Kim Y, Lee S, Kim J, et al. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling in intestinal stromal cells controls KC/ CXCL1 secretion, which correlates with recruitment of IL-22- secreting neutrophils at early stages of Citrobacter rodentium infection. Infect Immun. 2015;83:3257-67 pubmed publisher
    Attaching and effacing pathogens, including enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in humans and Citrobacter rodentium in mice, raise serious public health concerns...
  51. Sun P, Esquivel Elizondo S, Zhao Y, Wu Y. Glucose triggers the cytotoxicity of Citrobacter sp. R1 against Microcystis aeruginosa. Sci Total Environ. 2017;603-604:18-25 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, Citrobacter sp. R1 presented high algicidal activity (81.6±2.2%, 72h) against M...
  52. Sun K, Xu X, Yan J, Zhang L. Evaluation of Six Phenotypic Methods for the Detection of Carbapenemases in Gram-Negative Bacteria With Characterized Resistance Mechanisms. Ann Lab Med. 2017;37:305-312 pubmed publisher
    ..74 Klebsiella spp., 33 Escherichia coli, 10 Citrobacter spp., and 1 Serratia marcescens), 51 Acinetobacter baumannii, and 8 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains...
  53. Wang Q, Wang H, Yu Y, Xu X, Sun Z, Lu J, et al. [Antimicrobial resistance monitoring of gram-negative bacilli isolated from 15 teaching hospitals in 2014 in China]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2015;54:837-45 pubmed
    ..8%) were less sensitive. The activity of antimicrobial agents against E. cloacae, E. aerogenes and Citrobacter freundii was listed as followings in descending order of susceptibility: meropenem (96.1%-97.4%), imipenem (95...
  54. Demidkina T, Myagkikh I, Antson A, Harutyunyan E. Crystallization and crystal data on tyrosine phenol-lyase. FEBS Lett. 1988;232:381-2 pubmed
    Crystals of the apoenzyme of tyrosine phenol-lyase (EC 4.1.99.2), a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme from Citrobacter intermedius, have been grown by vapor diffusion of an ammonium sulfate solution to a protein solution...
  55. Muramatsu H, Ishikawa J, Nagura O, Horii T. [Comparison of susceptibilities for fosfomycin determined by various methods in clinical isolates in 2003 -2004]. Jpn J Antibiot. 2007;60:107-24 pubmed
    ..Serratia marcescens, Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp. and Proteus mirabilis, which were isolated from patients in 2003-2004...
  56. Levy C, Buckley P, Sedelnikova S, Kato Y, Asano Y, Rice D, et al. Insights into enzyme evolution revealed by the structure of methylaspartate ammonia lyase. Structure. 2002;10:105-13 pubmed
    ..The 1.3 A MAD crystal structure of the dimeric Citrobacter amalonaticus MAL shows that each subunit comprises two domains, one of which adopts the classical TIM barrel ..
  57. Kira I, Asano Y, Yokozeki K. Screening, purification, and identification of the enzyme producing N-(L-alpha-L-aspartyl)-L-phenylalanine methyl ester from l-isoasparagine and L-phenylalanine methyl ester. J Biosci Bioeng. 2009;108:190-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Of the 422 strains examined, 44 strains belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae were found to produce APM. The enzyme catalyzing APM production was purified and identified as dipeptidase E...
  58. Ouyang Latimer J, Ajami N, Jiang Z, Okhuysen P, Paredes M, Flores J, et al. Biochemical and genetic diversity of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli associated with diarrhea in United States students in Cuernavaca and Guadalajara, Mexico, 2004-2007. J Infect Dis. 2010;201:1831-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Molecular characterization of Escherichia coli with use of the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay allows the determination of clonal origin and geographic clustering...
  59. Lefresne G, Latrille E, Irlinger F, Grimont P. Repeatability and reproducibility of ribotyping and its computer interpretation. Res Microbiol. 2004;155:154-61 pubmed
    ..Conversion of the data considerably improved the identification of patterns irrespective of the laboratory in which the data were obtained...
  60. Hamden H, Guerfali M, Fadhl S, Saidi M, Chevrier C. Fitness improvement of mass-reared sterile males of Ceratitis capitata (Vienna 8 strain) (Diptera: Tephritidae) after gut enrichment with probiotics. J Econ Entomol. 2013;106:641-7 pubmed
    ..and Citrobacter freundii) resulted in increase in the number of Enterobacteriacae communities inhabiting the male's gut and a ..
  61. Cigerci I, Korcan S, Konuk M, Oztürk S. Comparison of ALAD activities of Citrobacter and Pseudomonas strains and their usage as biomarker for Pb contamination. Environ Monit Assess. 2008;139:41-8 pubmed
    ..can be used as biomarker in metal contamination and compare its possible usage with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Citrobacter freundii (previously known as Esherichia freundii) and Bacterium freundii which are classified in Group I...
  62. Dougan G, Ghaem Maghami M, Pickard D, Frankel G, Douce G, Clare S, et al. The immune responses to bacterial antigens encountered in vivo at mucosal surfaces. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2000;355:705-12 pubmed
    ..Studies on mucosal immunogens may facilitate the identification of common characteristics that contribute to mucosal immunogenicity and aid the development of novel, non-living mucosal vaccines and immunostimulators...
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