gram positive cocci


Summary: Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.

Top Publications

  1. Wall I, Davies C, Hill K, Wilson M, Stephens P, Harding K, et al. Potential role of anaerobic cocci in impaired human wound healing. Wound Repair Regen. 2002;10:346-53 pubmed
    ..This article discusses the mechanisms by which these microorganisms may interfere with the inflammation, repair, and remodeling phases of the wound healing process...
  2. Funke G, Funke Kissling P. Performance of the new VITEK 2 GP card for identification of medically relevant gram-positive cocci in a routine clinical laboratory. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:84-8 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that the new VITEK 2 GP identification card provides reliable results for the identification of GP cocci under routine laboratory conditions...
  3. Karlsson C, Andersson M, Collin M, Schmidtchen A, Bjorck L, Frick I. SufA--a novel subtilisin-like serine proteinase of Finegoldia magna. Microbiology. 2007;153:4208-18 pubmed
    ..SufA was found to efficiently cleave and inactivate the antibacterial peptide LL-37 and the CXC chemokine MIG/CXCL9, indicating that the enzyme promotes F. magna survival and colonization...
  4. Frick I, Karlsson C, Morgelin M, Olin A, Janjusevic R, Hammarstrom C, et al. Identification of a novel protein promoting the colonization and survival of Finegoldia magna, a bacterial commensal and opportunistic pathogen. Mol Microbiol. 2008;70:695-708 pubmed publisher
    ..Altogether, the data demonstrate that FAF plays an important role in colonization and survival of F. magna in the human host...
  5. Xiao Y, Wei Z, Shen P, Ji J, Sun Z, Yu H, et al. Bacterial-resistance among outpatients of county hospitals in China: significant geographic distinctions and minor differences between central cities. Microbes Infect. 2015;17:417-25 pubmed publisher
  6. Takano N, Yatabe M, Yatabe J, Kato M, Sueoka D, Iguchi S, et al. Fatal Fournier's gangrene caused by Clostridium ramosum in a patient with central diabetes insipidus and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a case report. BMC Infect Dis. 2018;18:363 pubmed publisher
    ..C. ramosum is a potentially opportunistic pathogen among immunosuppressed persons and a rare cause of necrotizing fasciitis. ..
  7. Bruguera Casamada C, Sirés I, Prieto M, Brillas E, Araujo R. The ability of electrochemical oxidation with a BDD anode to inactivate Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria in low conductivity sulfate medium. Chemosphere. 2016;163:516-524 pubmed publisher
    ..The inactivation effect could then be related to the chemical composition of the outer layers of the cell structure along with the modification of the transmembrane potentials upon current passage. ..
  8. Tan E, Marcelin J, Sohail R, Ramar K. Necrotising pyomyositis complicating intramuscular antipsychotic administration. BMJ Case Rep. 2015;2015: pubmed publisher
    ..The patient recovered after 10 days of daptomycin and 7 weeks of wound care. Paliperidone injections were discontinued and oral risperidone was initiated. ..
  9. Calvo Lon J, Landaverde D, Ramos Esquivel A, Villalobos Vindas J. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Bloodstream Infections in Patients With Solid Tumors in a Central American Population at Mexico Hospital, San Jose, Costa Rica. J Glob Oncol. 2017;:JGO1700058 pubmed publisher
    ..GI cancers had more BSIs than other sites. Mortality and antibiotic sensitivity remained stable and acceptable during this observational period in this Latin American population...

More Information

Publications230 found, 100 shown here

  1. Guira O, Tiéno H, Traoré S, Diallo I, Ouangré E, Sagna Y, et al. [The bacterial microflora of diabetic foot infection and factors determining its spectrum in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2015;108:307-11 pubmed publisher
    ..A better design is necessary to a clarification of bacterial flora in diabetic foot infections. Prevention of bacterial resistance is also needed. ..
  2. Kanai H, Sato H, Takei Y. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis pyelonephritis in a child: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2014;8:415 pubmed publisher
  3. Mansoor S, Qadir S, Javed S, Jehan F, Kundi M. Antimicrobial susceptibility of organisms isolated from sputum culture of Karachi, Pakistan. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2017;30:2247-2252 pubmed
    ..The total yield of sputum culture was 25.11%. The gram positive cocci which were isolated were mostly resistant to beta lactam antibiotics alone i.e. only 45% of S...
  4. Fujioka W, Cowles R. Infectious complications following serial transverse enteroplasty in infants and children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 2015;50:428-30 pubmed publisher
    ..In this fragile patient population, however, STEP carries a documented infectious burden. The optimal antibiotic prophylaxis and the role of ethanol locking in patients undergoing STEP require further study. ..
  5. Miyata N, Yoshimura Y, Tachikawa N, Amano Y, Sakamoto Y, Kosuge Y. Cavity Forming Pneumonia Due to Staphylococcus aureus Following Dengue Fever. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015;93:1055-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinicians should pay systematic attention to bacterial pneumonia following dengue fever to establish whether such a connection is causally associated. ..
  6. Scapellato P, Pessacq P, Corso A, Pasteran F, Rapoport M, Vasen W, et al. [Aerobic etiology of acute appendicitis in adults. Multicenter study of abdominal sepsis in Argentina]. Medicina (B Aires). 2017;77:121-124 pubmed
    ..3%), Enterobacter spp. 2 (1%), other Gram negative bacilli 5 (2.7%); Enterococcus spp. 16 (8.7%) and other Gram positive cocci 20 (10.9%). The resistance rate of E...
  7. Rathi A, Chakrabarti A, Agarwal T, Pushker N, Patil M, Kamble H, et al. Pythium Keratitis Leading to Fatal Cavernous Sinus Thrombophlebitis. Cornea. 2018;37:519-522 pubmed publisher
    ..Timely diagnosis and early radical surgery are of value. A high index of suspicion must be kept for P. insidiosum in cases with suspected fungal etiology not responding to conventional treatment. ..
  8. Thapa S, Pant N, Shrestha R, Gc G, Shrestha B, Pandey B, et al. Prevalence of dengue and diversity of cultivable bacteria in vector Aedes aegypti (L.) from two dengue endemic districts, Kanchanpur and Parsa of Nepal. J Health Popul Nutr. 2017;36:5 pubmed publisher
    ..aegypti. The paratransgenic approach to control vector might be possible by spreading the genetically modified bacteria in larval habitat or shelter of adult mosquitoes. ..
  9. Dutt S, Lodhi J, Kumar V, Kashyap A. Acromioclavicular joint septic arthritis in an immunocompetent child: A case report. Chin J Traumatol. 2018;21:182-185 pubmed publisher
    ..The aspirate was thick and purulent in nature, revealing Gram positive cocci at staining. Arthrotomy and thorough lavage of AC joint was done...
  10. Ohtani S, Shimizu K, Nejima R, Kagaya F, Aihara M, Iwasaki T, et al. Conjunctival Bacteria Flora of Glaucoma Patients During Long-Term Administration of Prostaglandin Analog Drops. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:3991-3996 pubmed publisher
    ..The higher incidence of MRSE in the Xa group should be considered during the long-term, continuous administration of eye drops, such as in glaucoma treatment. ..
  11. Guérin F, Isnard C, Bucquet F, Fines Guyon M, Giard J, Burrus V, et al. Novel chromosome-encoded erm(47) determinant responsible for constitutive MLSB resistance in Helcococcus kunzii. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016;71:3046-3049 pubmed
    ..This is the first description of a novel MLSB resistance determinant, named erm(47). The prevalence of this gene among Gram-positive cocci must be further investigated to determine its clinical significance. ..
  12. Botwin G, Morgan T. Bacterial infections in cirrhosis. Hepatol Int. 2014;8 Suppl 2:467-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Albumin administration to cirrhotics with SBP and evidence of advanced liver disease improves survival. The benefit of albumin administration to cirrhotics with infections other than SBP is under investigation. ..
  13. Kose S, Turken M, Tasli F, Colak H, Göl Serin B. Staphylococcal empyema secondary to IgA nephropathy. CEN Case Rep. 2014;3:195-197 pubmed publisher
    ..In the direct examination of the empyema fluid, Gram positive cocci and abundant amount of PNLs were observed. There was no growth in the culture...
  14. Cordesmeyer R, Kauffmann P, Markus T, Sommer C, Eiffert H, Bremmer F, et al. Bacterial and histopathological findings in deep head and neck infections: a retrospective analysis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2017;124:11-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Biopsy obtained from an abscess cavity for histologic examination should always be part of the diagnostic process in order to exclude a malignant process. ..
  15. Davido B, Bouchand F, Dinh A, Perronne C, Villart M, Senard O, et al. Reinforcement of an antimicrobial stewardship task force aims at a better use of antibiotics of last resort: the COLITIFOS study. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2017;50:142-147 pubmed publisher
    ..9% vs 3.5%) and fewer dose errors (56.2% vs 27.6%) (P = 0.02). Reinforcement of the antimicrobial stewardship task force seems to be valuable for promoting the better use of last-resort antibiotics. ..
  16. Li G, Ren J, Wu Q, Hu D, Wang G, Wu X, et al. Bacteriology of Spontaneous Intra-Abdominal Abscess in Patients with Crohn Disease in China: Risk of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Bacteria. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2015;16:461-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Considering the predominance of Enterococcus faecium, it may be advisable to use more effective antibiotics when gram-positive cocci are suspected. ..
  17. Maldonado M, Acuña M, Alvarez A, Aviles C, De La Maza V, Salgado C, et al. [Microorganisms isolated from blood cultures in children with cancer and high-risk febrile neutropenia from five hospitals in Santiago, Chile, 2012-2015]. Rev Chilena Infectol. 2018;35:140-146 pubmed publisher
    ..The main isolates were Gram negative bacilli (46.6%) and Gram positive cocci (45.1%) and the most frequent microorganisms were Escherichia coli (22...
  18. da Silva M, Bertelsen M, Heegaard S, Garner M. Ophidian Spectaculitis and Spectacular Dysecdysis: A Histologic Description. Vet Pathol. 2015;52:1220-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It was notable that only 4% of the submitted cases were found to have spectaculitis and/or spectacular dysecdysis. ..
  19. Lee Y, Park Y, Kim M, Uh Y, Kim M, Lee K. Multicenter study of antimicrobial susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria in Korea in 2012. Ann Lab Med. 2015;35:479-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Piperacillin-tazobactam, cefoxitin, and carbapemems are highly active beta-lactam agents against most of the anaerobes. The resistance rates to moxifloxacin and tigecycline are slightly higher than those in the previous study. ..
  20. Wójkowska Mach J, Merritt T, Borszewska Kornacka M, Domańska J, Gulczyńska E, Nowiczewski M, et al. Device-associated pneumonia of very low birth weight infants in Polish Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Adv Med Sci. 2016;61:90-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The incidence of pneumonia was found to be lower when using CPAP as compared to using MV. ..
  21. Cabo Verde S, Almeida S, Matos J, Guerreiro D, Meneses M, Faria T, et al. Microbiological assessment of indoor air quality at different hospital sites. Res Microbiol. 2015;166:557-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, microbiological survey data should be used to clearly define specific air quality guidelines for controlled environments in hospital settings. ..
  22. Hotta F, Eguchi H, Nishimura K, Kogiso M, Ishimaru M, Kusaka S, et al. A super-infection in the cornea caused by Stemphylium, Acremonium, and ?-Streptococcus. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2017;16:11 pubmed publisher
    ..Microscopic examination of the corneal scrapings was beneficial in rapid decision of changing to appropriate drug according to the dominancy of pathogenicity. ..
  23. Kumar S, Shankar B, Arya S, Deb M, Chellani H. Healthcare associated infections in neonatal intensive care unit and its correlation with environmental surveillance. J Infect Public Health. 2018;11:275-279 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Gram positive cocci were the most common isolates in HAI as well as environmental surveillance...
  24. Sarig H, Rotem S, Ziserman L, Danino D, Mor A. Impact of self-assembly properties on antibacterial activity of short acyl-lysine oligomers. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008;52:4308-14 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that similar strategies might improve hydrophobic OAKs and related lipopeptide antibiotics. ..
  25. Sader H, Fritsche T, Jones R. Potency and bactericidal activity of iclaprim against recent clinical gram-positive isolates. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009;53:2171-5 pubmed publisher
    ..aureus [MRSA]), beta-hemolytic Streptococcus spp., and Enterococcus faecalis strains tested. In addition, iclaprim exhibited bactericidal activity against all S. aureus strains tested, including MRSA. ..
  26. Rothschild C, Oaks J, Schaupp J, Rurangirwa F, Sellon D, Hines M. Helcococcus ovis isolated from a pulmonary abscess in a horse. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:2224-6 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of this organism in horses and the first report in veterinary medicine to clearly demonstrate a pathogenic role for this organism. ..
  27. Jorgensen J, Crawford S. Assessment of two commercial susceptibility test methods for determination of daptomycin MICs. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:2126-9 pubmed
    ..In summary, daptomycin MICs generated by the Etest or JustOne method generally agreed within 1 dilution of the reference daptomycin MICs. However, both devices produced slightly lower MICs that resulted in some VM errors. ..
  28. Bensalah F, Delorme C, Renault P. Characterisation of thermotolerant cocci from indigenous flora of 'leben' in algerian arid area and DNA identification of atypical Lactococcus lactis strains. Curr Microbiol. 2009;59:139-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies to assess this source of diversity within the wild microbial population should provide starter new strains for product innovation. ..
  29. Lin X, Rico A, Chu D, Carroll G, Barker L, Shawar R, et al. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of C12 des-methyl ketolides. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2006;16:4692-6 pubmed
    ..These ketolides are potent against several key respiratory pathogens, including erythromycin resistant erm- and mef-containing strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae. ..
  30. Planes A, Calleja R, Bernet A, Campins Martí M, Almirante B, Pumarola T, et al. Evaluation of the usefulness of a quantitative blood culture in the diagnosis of catheter-related bloodstream infection: Comparative analysis of two periods (2002 and 2012). Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2016;34:484-9 pubmed publisher
    ..QBC is a useful method for diagnosing CRBSI. Blood samples from all catheter lumens must be cultured to avoid missing around one-third of CRBSI diagnoses. ..
  31. Altun O, Athlin S, Almuhayawi M, Strålin K, Özenci V. Rapid identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae in blood cultures by using the ImmuLex, Slidex and Wellcogen latex agglutination tests and the BinaxNOW antigen test. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016;35:579-85 pubmed publisher
    ..pneumoniae in BC bottles, similar to the other compared methods. However, the specificity was sub-optimal, since the test may cross-react with other Gram-positive bacteria. ..
  32. Mikamo H, Yin X, Ninomiya M, Tamaya T. In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of telithromycin. Chemotherapy. 2003;49:62-5 pubmed
    ..These in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities suggest that telithromycin could be a potential candidate for the treatment of bacterial infections complicated by chlamydial infection. ..
  33. Boulanger L, Boukerrou M, Rubod C, Collinet P, Fruchard A, Courcol R, et al. Bacteriological analysis of meshes removed for complications after surgical management of urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2008;19:827-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Forty-three per cent of bacterial quantifications were under 10(3) colony-forming units per millilitre. Bacterial contamination was found in all meshes, quantification was often low, and therefore, its exact role is not yet clear. ..
  34. Dols Lafargue M, Lee H, Le Marrec C, Heyraud A, Chambat G, Lonvaud Funel A. Characterization of gtf, a glucosyltransferase gene in the genomes of Pediococcus parvulus and Oenococcus oeni, two bacterial species commonly found in wine. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:4079-90 pubmed publisher
  35. Oono T, Matsuura H, Morizane S, Yamasaki O, Iwatsuki K. A case of infectious eccrine hidradenitis. J Dermatol. 2006;33:142-5 pubmed
    ..Gram-positive cocci were present in the lesional eccrine duct indicating an infective origin of the disease. Human beta defensin-2, one of epithelial antimicrobial peptides, was present in the lesional epidermis and eccrine duct. ..
  36. Bielenica A, Stefańska J, Stępień K, Napiórkowska A, Augustynowicz Kopeć E, Sanna G, et al. Synthesis, cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activity of thiourea derivatives incorporating 3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl moiety. Eur J Med Chem. 2015;101:111-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, all obtained thioureas were evaluated for cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against a large panel of DNA and RNA viruses. Compounds 5, 6, 8-12, 15 resulted cytotoxic against MT-4 cells (CC50 ≤ 10 μM). ..
  37. Chebil A, Feki O, Chaker N, Zghal I, Hsairi A, Ben Ayed N, et al. [Microbiological profile of endophthalmitis in a referral centre in Tunisia]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2015;38:729-34 pubmed publisher
    ..In our study, microbiological samples were positive in 43% and coagulase-negative Gram-positive cocci are the most common organisms. However, antibiotic resistance has been increasing over the years. ..
  38. Braun M, Wang E, Zimmermann S, Boutin S, Wink M. Kocuria uropygioeca sp. nov. and Kocuria uropygialis sp. nov., isolated from the preen glands of Great Spotted Woodpeckers (Dendrocopos major). Syst Appl Microbiol. 2018;41:38-43 pubmed publisher
    ..are proposed. The type strains are 36T (DSM 101740T=LMG 29265T) and 257T (=DSM 101741T=LMG 29266T) for K. uropygialis sp. nov. and K. uropygioeca sp. nov., respectively. ..
  39. Reguant C, Carreté R, Constantí M, Bordons A. Population dynamics of Oenococcus oeni strains in a new winery and the effect of SO2 and yeast strain. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2005;246:111-7 pubmed
    ..This made it possible to monitor the population dynamics and follow the proportion of as many as 29 different indigenous strains. In one of the vintages, O. oeni strains were more inhibited when a specific yeast starter was used. ..
  40. Lakshmi Narayana M, Azeem Mohiyuddin S, Mohammadi K, Devnikar A, Prasad K. Parotid abscess in children - A tertiary rural hospital experience. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015;79:1988-90 pubmed publisher
    ..It is commonly caused by Gram positive cocci and responds well to incision and drainage followed by appropriate antibiotics...
  41. Lapierre P, Halse T, Shea J, Escuyer V, Musser K. Draft Genome Sequence of Branchiibius sp. NY16-3462-2, Isolated from a Mixed Clinical Sample. Genome Announc. 2016;4: pubmed publisher
    ..NY16-3462-2 with a high-GC content, sequenced from a mixed clinical sample containing Mycobacterium tuberculosis This genome is the first publicly available sequence from a representative of the genus Branchiibius. ..
  42. Jones R, Stilwell M, Sader H, Fritsche T, Goldstein B. Spectrum and potency of dalbavancin tested against 3322 Gram-positive cocci isolated in the United States Surveillance Program (2004). Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006;54:149-53 pubmed
    ..Dalbavancin wild-type MIC distributions remain unchanged compared with prior sampled years (2002-2003) in the USA. ..
  43. Suresh K, Mayilraj S, Bhattacharya A, Chakrabarti T. Planococcus columbae sp. nov., isolated from pigeon faeces. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:1266-71 pubmed
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is PgEx11(T) (=MTCC 7251(T)=DSM 17517(T)). ..
  44. Neher A, Gstottner M, Scholtz A, Nagl M. Antibacterial activity of mometasone furoate. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134:519-21 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the antibacterial properties of the topical corticoid mometasone furoate, which is used as a nasal spray...
  45. Schofield D, Westwater C, Hoel B, Werner P, Norris J, Schmidt M. Development of a thermally regulated broad-spectrum promoter system for use in pathogenic gram-positive species. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:3385-92 pubmed
  46. Drancourt M, Berger P, Raoult D. Systematic 16S rRNA gene sequencing of atypical clinical isolates identified 27 new bacterial species associated with humans. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:2197-202 pubmed
    ..Sixteen species were obtained from humans for the first time. Our results show the important role that 16S rRNA gene sequence-based bacterial identification currently plays in recognizing unusual and emerging bacterial diseases. ..
  47. Bogomolova N, Oreshkina T, Bolshakov L. [Problems of prophylaxis and treatment of infectious complications in reconstructive surgery]. Antibiot Khimioter. 2005;50:11-7 pubmed
    ..Step-by-step therapy with linezolid was shown possible. In the treatment of pediatric cases no side effects of linezolid were recorded. ..
  48. Zubkov M. [Efficacy and safety of levofloxacin in low respiratory tract infection]. Antibiot Khimioter. 2004;49:31-7 pubmed
  49. Ulger Toprak N, Liu C, Summanen P, Finegold S. Murdochiella asaccharolytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a Gram-stain-positive, anaerobic coccus isolated from human wound specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:1013-6 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., sp. nov., are proposed. Strain WAL 1855C(T) (=ATCC BAA-1631(T) =CCUG 55976(T)) is the type strain of Murdochiella asaccharolytica...
  50. Kochman M, Piekarska K, Lawrynowicz Paciorek M. [Microbiological external quality assurance program (MEQAP)--evaluation of results obtained in sanitary epidemiological laboratories in 2002]. Med Dosw Mikrobiol. 2004;56:377-90 pubmed
    ..reliability of identification and determination of sensitivity to antibiotics and chemotherapeutics of some Gram positive cocci strains in 34 sanitary-epidemiological stations...
  51. Kiffer C, Mendes C, Oplustil C, Sampaio J. Antibiotic resistance and trend of urinary pathogens in general outpatients from a major urban city. Int Braz J Urol. 2007;33:42-8; discussion 49 pubmed
    ..Fluoroquinolones should be used with caution. Nitrofurantoin should be used as empirical therapy for primary, non-complicated urinary tract infections. ..
  52. Teng S, Lee W, Ou T, Hsieh Y, Lee W, Lin Y. Bacterial contamination of patients' medical charts in a surgical ward and the intensive care unit: impact on nosocomial infections. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2009;42:86-91 pubmed
    ..Contaminated charts can serve as a source for cross-infection. Health care personnel should wash their hands before and after contact with the chart to reduce the nosocomial infection rate. ..
  53. Văduva D, Muntean D, Licker M, Velimirovici D, Rădulescu M, Văduva M, et al. [Gram-positive cocci isolated from urocultures of ambulatory and hospitalized patients with surgical risk]. Bacteriol Virusol Parazitol Epidemiol. 2009;54:23-9 pubmed
    ..Enforcement of efficient nosocomial infection control measures is advisable, as well as a policy for rational antibiotic use. ..
  54. Zhang D, Lovitt R. Studies on growth and metabolism of Oenococcus oeni on sugars and sugar mixtures. J Appl Microbiol. 2005;99:565-72 pubmed
    ..This study uniquely showed that appropriate sugar mixtures with the correct environmental conditions can significantly improve the productivity of O. oeni cultures. ..
  55. Astigarraga P, Montero J, Cerrato S, Colomo O, Martínez M, Crespo R, et al. [GEIPC-SEIMC (Study Group for Infections in the Critically Ill Patient of the Spanish Society for Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology) and GTEI-SEMICYUC ( Working Group on Infectious Diseases of the Spanish Society of Intensive Medicine, Cr. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2007;25:446-66 pubmed
  56. Nousbaum J. [Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis]. Presse Med. 2015;44:1235-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Primary prophylaxis in patients with low protein ascites (<15 g/L) should be restricted to patients with severe cirrhosis awaiting for liver transplantation. ..
  57. DiNubile M, Lipsky B. Complicated infections of skin and skin structures: when the infection is more than skin deep. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2004;53 Suppl 2:ii37-50 pubmed
    ..Surgical debridement is important for many complicated infections, and is the critical element in managing necrotizing fasciitis and myonecrosis. ..
  58. Brook I. Microbiology of intracranial abscesses associated with sinusitis of odontogenic origin. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2006;115:917-20 pubmed
    ..These data illustrate the concordance in the organisms recovered from sinusitis of dental origin and their associated IAs and confirm the importance of anaerobic bacteria in sinusitis and IAs of dental origin. ..
  59. Yoon J, Kang S, Jung S, Oh T. Humicoccus flavidus gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:56-9 pubmed
    ..Accordingly, based on combined phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain DS-52(T) (=KCTC 19127(T)=CIP 108919(T)) is proposed as the type strain of a novel species in a new genus, Humicoccus flavidus gen. nov., sp. nov. ..
  60. Fortier L, Tourdot Maréchal R, Divies C, Lee B, Guzzo J. Induction of Oenococcus oeni H+-ATPase activity and mRNA transcription under acidic conditions. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2003;222:165-9 pubmed
    ..oeni is induced at low pH and that regulation seems to occur at the level of transcription. This agrees with the role of this enzyme in the regulation of the cytoplasmic pH and in the acid tolerance of O. oeni. ..
  61. Grandvalet C, Assad Garc a J, Chu Ky S, Tollot M, Guzzo J, Gresti J, et al. Changes in membrane lipid composition in ethanol- and acid-adapted Oenococcus oeni cells: characterization of the cfa gene by heterologous complementation. Microbiology. 2008;154:2611-9 pubmed publisher
    ..oeni. In spite of this partial complementation, the complemented strain of E. coli totally recovered its viability after ethanol shock (10 %, v/v) whereas its viability was only partly recovered after an acid shock at pH 3.0...
  62. Gul H, Coskun O, Savaşci U, Ors F, Besirbellioglu A, Eyigün C. [A case of meningitis emerged as a complication of hidradenitis suppurativa]. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2009;43:153-7 pubmed
    ..The treatment continued for 21 days for ceftriaxone and 28 days for linezolid. The patient was successfully treated and was transferred to neurosurgery department without any sequela for the management of fistulas. ..
  63. Khullar P, Datta N, Wahi I, Kataria S. Brain abscess mimicking brain metastasis in breast cancer. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst. 2016;28:59-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Gram stain showed gram positive cocci. After 1 month of evacuation and treatment she was fine...
  64. Biedenbach D, Bell J, Sader H, Fritsche T, Jones R, Turnidge J. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram-positive bacterial isolates from the Asia-Pacific region and an in vitro evaluation of the bactericidal activity of daptomycin, vancomycin, and teicoplanin: a SENTRY Program Report (2003-2004). Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2007;30:143-9 pubmed
    ..Daptomycin was demonstrated to have excellent in vitro activity when tested against Gram-positive isolates collected from Asia-Pacific countries, including hVISA strains. ..
  65. Szulczyk D, Tomaszewski P, Jóźwiak M, Kozioł A, Lis T, Collu D, et al. Synthesis and Biological Activities of Ethyl 2-(2-pyridylacetate) Derivatives Containing Thiourea, 1,2,4-triazole, Thiadiazole and Oxadiazole Moieties. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the obtained compounds were tested for cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against HIV-1. ..
  66. Medírcio S, Leão V, Teixeira M. Specific growth rate of sulfate reducing bacteria in the presence of manganese and cadmium. J Hazard Mater. 2007;143:593-6 pubmed
    ..A low sulfate reduction (maximum 25%) occurred which was sufficient for metal precipitation. The results are discussed considering their implications for metal precipitation in acid mining drainage. ..
  67. Sader H, Mallick R, Kuznik A, Fritsche T, Jones R. Use of in vitro susceptibility and pathogen prevalence data to model the expected clinical success rates of tigecycline and other commonly used antimicrobials for empirical treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2007;30:514-20 pubmed
    ..1%) and imipenem in Spain (87.7%). Our results suggest that tigecycline represents a viable additional option for the empirical treatment of cSSSI in these countries. ..
  68. Brazier J, Hall V, Morris T, Gal M, Duerden B. Antibiotic susceptibilities of Gram-positive anaerobic cocci: results of a sentinel study in England and Wales. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2003;52:224-8 pubmed
    ..This study is one of the largest susceptibility studies specifically on GPAC carried out to date and the resulting data may be of value to those involved in the empirical treatment of infections involving Gram-positive anaerobic cocci. ..
  69. Le Marrec C, Bon E, Lonvaud Funel A. Tolerance to high osmolality of the lactic acid bacterium Oenococcus oeni and identification of potential osmoprotectants. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007;115:335-42 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that proline- and glutamate-containing peptides may contribute to the adaptation of O. oeni to high salt through their intracellular hydrolysis and/or direct accumulation. ..
  70. Rodloff A, Leclercq R, Debbia E, Canton R, Oppenheim B, Dowzicky M. Comparative analysis of antimicrobial susceptibility among organisms from France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK as part of the tigecycline evaluation and surveillance trial. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2008;14:307-14 pubmed publisher
    ..The in-vitro activity of tigecycline against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative isolates may make it valuable in the treatment of hospital infections, including those caused by otherwise antimicrobial-resistant organisms. ..
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    ..6% of cases, non-fermenters--in 12.9%, yeasts (mainly C. albicans)--in 10.5%. More frequently blood cultures were positive in Intensive Care Unit (37.5%). ..
  72. Sprincova A, Stovcik V, Javorsky P, Pristas P. Occurrence of pS86/pEF47-related plasmids in gram-positive cocci. Curr Microbiol. 2005;51:198-201 pubmed
    ..faecalis S-86. PCR followed by sequence analysis and Southern hybridization showed that pS86/pEF47-related replicons are regularly encountered in plasmids from gram-positive cocci. ..
  73. Ribot S, Siddiqi S, Chen C. Right heart complications of dual lumen tunneled venous catheters in hemodialysis patients. Am J Med Sci. 2005;330:204-8 pubmed
    ..There is no entirely satisfactory method for prevention of venous catheter--induced endocarditis. ..
  74. Al Tawfiq J, Kiwan G, Murrar H. Granulicatella elegans native valve infective endocarditis: case report and review. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007;57:439-41 pubmed
    ..elegans endocarditis. The organism was isolated from blood cultures and the patient had mitral valvuloplasty and repair, and completed a course of 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics with no sequela...
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    ..The doubtful pathogenicity is also confirmed by the fact that--in the rat model--A. otitidis elicited only a mild response in the middle ear. It was possible to isolate A. otitidis using a blood agar plate with 6% saline. ..
  76. Burgmann H, Stoiser B, Heinz G, Schenk P, Apfalter P, Zedtwitz Liebenstein K, et al. Likelihood of inadequate treatment: a novel approach to evaluating drug-resistance patterns. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009;30:672-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In daily practice, this new approach may be helpful for choosing adequate antimicrobial therapy. ..
  77. Queiroz A, Nelson Filho P, Silva L, Assed S, Silva R, Ito I. Antibacterial activity of root canal filling materials for primary teeth: zinc oxide and eugenol cement, Calen paste thickened with zinc oxide, Sealapex and EndoREZ. Braz Dent J. 2009;20:290-6 pubmed
  78. Derevianko I. [Cefepime (maxipime) in the treatment of severe urinary tract infection]. Antibiot Khimioter. 2003;48:24-8 pubmed
    ..The treatment course was 7 to 14 days. The daily dose was 1 to 2 g. The clinical and bacteriological efficacies of the cefepime therapy equaled to 93.2 and 85.4% respectively. ..
  79. Huang M, Wang J. Gram stain as a relapse predictor of bacterial vaginosis after metronidazole treatment. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2005;38:137-40 pubmed
    ..Gram-positive cocci in pretreatment smear was a good predictor of relapse after metronidazole treatment. ..
  80. Palini S, Primiterra M, De Stefani S, Pedna M, Sparacino M, Farabegoli P, et al. A new micro swim-up procedure for sperm preparation in ICSI treatments: preliminary microbiological testing. JBRA Assist Reprod. 2016;20:94-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The new workflow is faster and more affordable, and is likely to prevent infection problems that could arise from the normal microbial flora of the semen. ..
  81. Nagaya L, Salles M, Takikawa L, Fregoneze M, Doneux P, Silva L, et al. Infections after shoulder arthroplasty are correlated with higher anesthetic risk score: a case-control study in Brazil. Braz J Infect Dis. 2017;21:613-619 pubmed publisher
    ..7%). This study provides evidence suggesting that patient-related known factors such as higher ASA score predisposes to shoulder arthroplasty-associated infection. Furthermore, unusual pathogens associated with PSI were identified. ..
  82. Anderegg T, Sader H, Fritsche T, Ross J, Jones R. Trends in linezolid susceptibility patterns: report from the 2002-2003 worldwide Zyvox Annual Appraisal of Potency and Spectrum (ZAAPS) Program. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2005;26:13-21 pubmed
    ..63DDD/100 patient days (a 50% increase since 2002), and indicates the important role of hospital hygiene practice in preventing the dissemination of oxazolidinone resistances, should they be detected. ..
  83. Landete J, Pardo I, Ferrer S. Histamine, histidine, and growth-phase mediated regulation of the histidine decarboxylase gene in lactic acid bacteria isolated from wine. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2006;260:84-90 pubmed
    ..Data on histamine-producing lactic acid bacteria isolated from wine should contribute to the prevention of histamine formation during winemaking and storage. ..
  84. Pratti A, Karanika M, Maniatis A, Petinaki E, Spiliopoulou I, Kolonitsiou F, et al. Activity of linezolid against Gram-positive cocci: a multicentre study in Greek hospitals. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2007;29:604-5 pubmed
  85. Zimerman R, Machado D, Constante C, Barth A, Goldani L. Over 18 h to positivity in the BacT/ALERT system with clustered Gram-positive cocci is highly predictive of coagulase-negative staphylococci. J Clin Pathol. 2007;60:733-4 pubmed
  86. Ti T, Kumarasinghe G, Taylor M, Tan S, Ee A, Chua C, et al. What is true community-acquired urinary tract infection? Comparison of pathogens identified in urine from routine outpatient specimens and from community clinics in a prospective study. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003;22:242-5 pubmed
    ..Hence, surveys based on laboratory data alone may overestimate resistance rates, leading to misinformed choices being made when treatment is empirical. ..
  87. D Antonio D, Staniscia T, Piccolomini R, Fioritoni G, Rotolo S, Parruti G, et al. Addition of teicoplanin or vancomycin for the treatment of documented bacteremia due to gram-positive cocci in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies: microbiological, clinical and economic evaluation. Chemotherapy. 2004;50:81-7 pubmed
    ..Isolated staphylococci showed a progressive and significant decrease in susceptibility to both glycopeptides during the 8 study years. The economic analysis performed showed that the addition of vancomycin is cost-saving. ..
  88. Lawson P, Collins M, Falsen E, Foster G. Catellicoccus marimammalium gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium from porpoise and grey seal. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:429-32 pubmed
    ..nov., sp. nov. The type strain is M35/04/3T (=CCUG 49459T=CIP 108575T). ..
  89. Mohanty S, Kapil A, Das B. Bacteriology of parapneumonic pleural effusions in an Indian hospital. Trop Doct. 2007;37:228-9 pubmed
    ..27.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (23.9%) and Klebsiella spp. (12.6%). Staphylococcus aureus (9.6%) was the most frequent Gram-positive organism. Most of the pathogens showed resistance to multiple antibiotic agents. ..
  90. Cook A, Riley P, Murdoch H, Evans P, McDonald I. Howardella ureilytica gen. nov., sp. nov., a Gram-positive, coccoid-shaped bacterium from a sheep rumen. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:2940-5 pubmed
    ..nov., sp. nov. The type strain is strain GPC 589(T) (=DSM 15118(T)=JCM 13267(T))...
  91. Bauer S, Aubert C, Richli M, Chuard C. Blood cultures in the evaluation of uncomplicated cellulitis. Eur J Intern Med. 2016;36:50-56 pubmed publisher
    ..In accordance with existing guidelines, we do not recommend to collect blood for cultures in uncomplicated cellulitis. Clinicians' awareness of guidelines and of the poor yield of blood cultures could reduce useless investigation. ..
  92. Valentine K, Viacheslav K. Bacterial flora of combat wounds from eastern Ukraine and time-specified changes of bacterial recovery during treatment in Ukrainian military hospital. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:152 pubmed publisher
    ..For Ukrainian military medicine this study is the first time-specified assessment of battle wound colonization from the World War II. ..