gram negative facultatively anaerobic rods


Summary: A large group of facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.

Top Publications

  1. Geider K, Gernold M, Jock S, Wensing A, Völksch B, Gross J, et al. Unifying bacteria from decaying wood with various ubiquitous Gibbsiella species as G. acetica sp. nov. based on nucleotide sequence similarities and their acetic acid secretion. Microbiol Res. 2015;181:93-104 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore propose to unify them in the species Gibbsiella acetica sp. nov. ..
  2. Shashkov A, Senchenkova S, Nazarenko E, Zubkov V, Gorshkova N, Knirel Y, et al. Structure of the acidic polysaccharide chain of the lipopolysaccharide of Shewanella alga 48055. Carbohydr Res. 1998;309:103-8 pubmed
    ..V. Vinogradov, O. Holst, J.E. Thomas-Oates, K.W. Broady, and H. Brade, Eur. J. Biochem., 210 (1992) 491-498]. ..
  3. Karim M, Rivera S. Artificial neural networks in bioprocess state estimation. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol. 1992;46:1-33 pubmed
    ..Results are presented for different training sets and different training methodologies. It is shown that the neural network estimator provides good on-line bioprocess state estimations. ..
  4. Tanner M, Cech T. Activity and thermostability of the small self-splicing group I intron in the pre-tRNA(lle) of the purple bacterium Azoarcus. RNA. 1996;2:74-83 pubmed
    ..Thus, even superficially similar group I introns from the same structural subgroup can differ significantly in activity and stability. ..
  5. Myers C, Myers J. Replication of plasmids with the p15A origin in Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1. Lett Appl Microbiol. 1997;24:221-5 pubmed
    ..However, we found that plasmids with the pMB1 origin of replication (e.g. pBR322) cannot replicate in MR-1 and could therefore have potential as vectors for gene replacement. ..
  6. el Khizzi N, Kasab S, Osoba A. HACEK group endocarditis at the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital. J Infect. 1997;34:69-74 pubmed
    ..Antibiotic therapy should be continued for 4-6 weeks. Progress and outcome was very good in the series. ..
  7. Spetsieris K, Zygourakis K, Mantzaris N. A novel assay based on fluorescence microscopy and image processing for determining phenotypic distributions of rod-shaped bacteria. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2009;102:598-615 pubmed publisher
    ..The new assay constitutes a powerful tool that can be used in conjunction with inverse CPB modeling to rigorously quantify single-cell behavior from data collected from highly heterogeneous cell populations. ..
  8. de Curtis M, Franceschi O, De Castro N. [Listeria monocytogenes in vegetables minimally processed]. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2002;52:282-8 pubmed
    ..monocytogenes. Shigella spp and Vibrio cholerae were not isolated. The findings of this study suggest the need of the microbiological control of the vegetables minimally processed ready-to-use to assure their quality and safety. ..
  9. Korgel B, Rotem A, Monbouquette H. Effective diffusivity of galactose in calcium alginate gels containing immobilized Zymomonas mobilis. Biotechnol Prog. 1992;8:111-7 pubmed
    ..Available effective diffusivity data from the literature provide evidence that the random pore model is an excellent predictor of sugar effective diffusivity in gel immobilized cell systems in general. ..

More Information

Publications155 found, 100 shown here

  1. Hoshino E, Ando N, Sato M, Kota K. Bacterial invasion of non-exposed dental pulp. Int Endod J. 1992;25:2-5 pubmed
    ..The bacterial composition resembled that of the deep layers of dentinal lesions described previously, suggesting that the bacteria isolated in this study had passed through some individual dentinal tubules, to invade the dental pulp...
  2. Hawser S, Bouchillon S, Hoban D, Badal R. In vitro susceptibilities of aerobic and facultative anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli from patients with intra-abdominal infections worldwide from 2005-2007: results from the SMART study. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2009;34:585-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Ertapenem and imipenem were the only agents that maintained consistent activity against GNB, including most ESBL-producing isolates. ..
  3. Hoq M, Mitsuno K, Tsujino Y, Aoki T, Ibrahim H. Triclosan-lysozyme complex as novel antimicrobial macromolecule: a new potential of lysozyme as phenolic drug-targeting molecule. Int J Biol Macromol. 2008;42:468-77 pubmed publisher
  4. Cheung J, Fung B, Tang W, Ip W. A review of necrotising fasciitis in the extremities. Hong Kong Med J. 2009;15:44-52 pubmed
    ..The timing of the first fasciotomy and radical debridement within a window of 24 hours from symptom onset is associated with significantly improved survival. ..
  5. Jones R, Pfaller M, Doern G, Erwin M, Hollis R. Antimicrobial activity and spectrum investigation of eight broad-spectrum beta-lactam drugs: a 1997 surveillance trial in 102 medical centers in the United States. Cefepime Study Group. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1998;30:215-28 pubmed
  6. Beller H, Spormann A. Substrate range of benzylsuccinate synthase from Azoarcus sp. strain T. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1999;178:147-53 pubmed
    ..The implications of these observations for the mechanism of benzylsuccinate synthase will be discussed. ..
  7. Shashkov A, Senchenkova SyN -, Nazarenko E, Zubkov V, Gorshkova NyM -, Knirel Y, et al. Structure of a phosphorylated polysaccharide from Shewanella putrefaciens strain S29. Carbohydr Res. 1997;303:333-8 pubmed
  8. Murakami C, Ohmae E, Tate S, Gekko K, Nakasone K, Kato C. Cloning and characterization of dihydrofolate reductases from deep-sea bacteria. J Biochem. 2010;147:591-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that DHFRs from deep-sea bacteria possess specific enzymatic properties adapted to their life under high pressure...
  9. Chen Y, Liu Y, Yen M, Wang J, Wann S, Cheng D. Skin and soft-tissue manifestations of Shewanella putrefaciens infection. Clin Infect Dis. 1997;25:225-9 pubmed
    ..Hepatobiliary diseases and malignancy were the major predisposing factors for S. putrefaciens infection of the biliary tract and S. putrefaciens bacteremia/septicemia. ..
  10. Kaneshiro T, Kuo T, Nakamura L. Conversion of unsaturated fatty acids by bacteria isolated from compost. Curr Microbiol. 1999;38:250-5 pubmed
    ..These saprophytic, compost bacteria were aerobic or facultative anaerobic Gram-negative and decomposed UFAs through decarboxylation, hydroxylation, and hydroperoxidation mechanisms. ..
  11. Kvist T, Molander A, Dahlen G, Reit C. Microbiological evaluation of one- and two-visit endodontic treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis: a randomized, clinical trial. J Endod. 2004;30:572-6 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that from a microbiological point of view, treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis performed in two appointments was not more effective than the investigated one-visit procedure...
  12. Takeyama H, Takeda D, Yazawa K, Yamada A, Matsunaga T. Expression of the eicosapentaenoic acid synthesis gene cluster from Shewanella sp. in a transgenic marine cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. Microbiology. 1997;143 ( Pt 8):2725-31 pubmed
    ..The yield was further improved to 0.64 mg (g dry weight)-1 by incubation for 1 d at 17 degrees C. This is believed to be the first successful cloning and expression of such a large heterologous gene cluster in a marine cyanobacterium. ..
  13. Dos Santos J, Iobbi Nivol C, Couillault C, Giordano G, M jean V. Molecular analysis of the trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) reductase respiratory system from a Shewanella species. J Mol Biol. 1998;284:421-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Although these bacteria are found in different ecological niches, their respiratory systems appear to be phylogenetically related, suggesting that they come from a common ancestor...
  14. Yazawa K. Production of eicosapentaenoic acid from marine bacteria. Lipids. 1996;31 Suppl:S297-300 pubmed
    ..Thus, it may be possible that these EPA biosynthesis genes are applied for EPA production in yeasts or higher plants, and offer a new method for EPA synthesis as new foods containing EPA. ..
  15. Ott S, Allewelt M, Lorenz J, Reimnitz P, Lode H. Moxifloxacin vs ampicillin/sulbactam in aspiration pneumonia and primary lung abscess. Infection. 2008;36:23-30 pubmed publisher
  16. Nichols D, Nichols P, Russell N, Davies N, McMeekin T. Polyunsaturated fatty acids in the psychrophilic bacterium Shewanella gelidimarina ACAM 456T: molecular species analysis of major phospholipids and biosynthesis of eicosapentaenoic acid. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997;1347:164-76 pubmed
    ..Similar results were found for the unsaturated fatty acid fractions of both PE and PG using sodium [1-14C]acetate radiolabel. The regulation of triunsaturated fatty acid components may be a potential control site in PUFA biosynthesis...
  17. Barnell W, Liu J, Hesman T, O Neill M, Conway T. The Zymomonas mobilis glf, zwf, edd, and glk genes form an operon: localization of the promoter and identification of a conserved sequence in the regulatory region. J Bacteriol. 1992;174:2816-23 pubmed
    ..0 min in glucose-grown cells. Thus, the higher level of glf operon mRNA in fructose-grown cells is the result of an increased rate of transcription. The importance of increasing glf expression in cells growing on fructose is discussed. ..
  18. Suzuki T, Funada M, Sugano Y, Misawa M, Okutomi T, Soma G, et al. Effects of a lipopolysaccharide from Pantoea agglomerans on the cocaine-induced place preference. Life Sci. 1994;54:PL75-80 pubmed
    ..Therefore, LPSp might be useful in pharmacotherapy for prevention of recurrent cocaine abuse. ..
  19. Ivushkina L, Mitrokhin S, Mironov A. [Gramnegative opportunistic microflora as etiological factor of secondary infection in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis]. Antibiot Khimioter. 2006;51:11-3 pubmed
    ..The data on resistance of the opportunistic gramnegative bacilli (enterobacteria, pseudomonads, Acinetobacter spp.) isolated from the patients with pulmonary tuberculosis to various groups of antibacterials are presented. ..
  20. Foss S, Harder J. Thauera linaloolentis sp. nov. and Thauera terpenica sp. nov., isolated on oxygen-containing monoterpenes (linalool, menthol, and eucalyptol) nitrate. Syst Appl Microbiol. 1998;21:365-73 pubmed
    ..The strains are described as new species belonging to the genus Thauera, strain 47Lol (DSM 12138T) as T. linaloolentis sp. nov. and strains 21Mol and 58Eu as T. terpenica sp. nov. with strain 58Eu (DSM 12139T) as type strain. ..
  21. Tiwana H, Wilson C, Cunningham P, Binder A, Ebringer A. Antibodies to four gram-negative bacteria in rheumatoid arthritis which share sequences with the rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility motif. Br J Rheumatol. 1996;35:592-4 pubmed
    ..001) when compared to 61 active ankylosing spondylitis patients and 60 controls. ..
  22. Schröder I, Rech S, Krafft T, Macy J. Purification and characterization of the selenate reductase from Thauera selenatis. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:23765-8 pubmed
    ..These studies constitute the first description of a selenate reductase, which represents a new class of enzymes. The significance of this enzyme in relation to cell growth and energy generation is discussed. ..
  23. Gurbuz A, Kunzelman J, Ratzer E. Supplemental dietary arginine accelerates intestinal mucosal regeneration and enhances bacterial clearance following radiation enteritis in rats. J Surg Res. 1998;74:149-54 pubmed
    ..Four percent arginine resulted in clear improvement in intestinal mucosal recovery when compared to 2% arginine and 4% glycine after abdominal irradiation in rats. ..
  24. Rajakumar P, Rasheed A, Balu P, Murugesan K. Synthesis, characterization, and anti-bacterial efficacy of some novel cyclophane amide. Bioorg Med Chem. 2006;14:7458-67 pubmed
    ..Synthesis of macrocyclic di, tetra- and hexaamides with aza and oxy linkages has been achieved and the inhibitory activity of cyclophane amides against human pathogenic bacteria well documented. ..
  25. Zarchi A, Vatani H. A survey on species and prevalence rate of bacterial agents isolated from cockroaches in three hospitals. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2009;9:197-200 pubmed publisher
    ..05), but significance was found for sex in Citrobacter freundii, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus non-group A&B (p < 0.05). ..
  26. Miczka G, Vernau J, Kula M, Hofmann B, Schomburg D. Purification and primary structure of pyruvate decarboxylase from Zymomonas mobilis. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1992;15:192-206 pubmed
    ..Crystals diffracting to about 0.3 nm resolution have been obtained by the hanging drop vapor diffusion method. The space group was identified as P4(1)22 or its enantiomorphs containing presumably one tetramer per asymmetric unit. ..
  27. Chee Sanford J, Frost J, Fries M, Zhou J, Tiedje J. Evidence for acetyl coenzyme A and cinnamoyl coenzyme A in the anaerobic toluene mineralization pathway in Azoarcus tolulyticus Tol-4. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996;62:964-73 pubmed
  28. Pealing S, Lysek D, Taylor P, Alexeev D, Reid G, Chapman S, et al. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of flavocytochrome c(3), the fumarate reductase from Shewanella frigidimarina. J Struct Biol. 1999;127:76-8 pubmed
    ..359 A, b = 88.051 A, c = 77.473 A, and beta = 104.499 degrees. Anomalous data have also been collected from the NCIMB400 crystal allowing the heme iron positions to be identified. ..
  29. Miroshnichenko M, Lebedinsky A, Chernyh N, Tourova T, Kolganova T, Spring S, et al. Caldimicrobium rimae gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely thermophilic, facultatively lithoautotrophic, anaerobic bacterium from the Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:1040-4 pubmed publisher
    ..nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Caldimicrobium rimae is DS(T) (=DSM 19393(T) =VKM B-2460(T)). ..
  30. Watanabe K, Yazawa K, Kondo K, Kawaguchi A. Fatty acid synthesis of an eicosapentaenoic acid-producing bacterium: de novo synthesis, chain elongation, and desaturation systems. J Biochem. 1997;122:467-73 pubmed
    ..Thus, Shewanella sp., strain SCRC-2738, has novel characteristics as to both fatty acid chain elongation and desaturation systems. ..
  31. Philipp B, Schink B. Evidence of two oxidative reaction steps initiating anaerobic degradation of resorcinol (1,3-dihydroxybenzene) by the denitrifying bacterium Azoarcus anaerobius. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:3644-9 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest a new strategy of anaerobic degradation of aromatic compounds involving oxidative steps for destabilization of the aromatic ring, different from the reductive dearomatization mechanisms described so far. ..
  32. Hurek T, Reinhold Hurek B. Identification of grass-associated and toluene-degrading diazotrophs, Azoarcus spp., by analyses of partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequences. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995;61:2257-61 pubmed
    ..Hybridization was species specific for Azoarcus communis and Azoarcus indigens.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) ..
  33. Tsapin A, Nealson K, Meyers T, Cusanovich M, Van Beuumen J, Crosby L, et al. Purification and properties of a low-redox-potential tetraheme cytochrome c3 from Shewanella putrefaciens. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:6386-8 pubmed
    ..The biochemical properties suggested that this protein was in the cytochrome c3 group, which is supported by N-terminal sequence data up to the first heme binding site. ..
  34. Myers C, Myers J. Cloning and sequence of cymA, a gene encoding a tetraheme cytochrome c required for reduction of iron(III), fumarate, and nitrate by Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1. J Bacteriol. 1997;179:1143-52 pubmed
    ..The localization of the fumarate and iron(III) reductases to the periplasm and outer membrane of MR-1, respectively, suggests the possibility of a similar electron transfer role for CymA. ..
  35. Mueller N, Kaplan V, Zbinden R, Altwegg M. Diagnosis of Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis by broad-range PCR from arterio-embolic tissue. Infection. 1999;27:278-9 pubmed
    ..A serologic assay employing complement fixation against a crude antigen of Cardiobacterium hominis confirmed the diagnosis of endocarditis caused by this unusual fastidious etiologic agent. ..
  36. Bruns A, Rohde M, Berthe Corti L. Muricauda ruestringensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic, appendaged bacterium from German North Sea intertidal sediment. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:1997-2006 pubmed
    ..It is therefore proposed that the isolated marine bacterium represents a novel taxon, designated Muricauda ruestringensis gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is strain B1T (= DSM 13258T = LMG 19739T). ..
  37. Wang E, Tan Z, Guo X, Rodríguez Duran R, Boll G, Martinez Romero E. Diverse endophytic bacteria isolated from a leguminous tree Conzattia multiflora grown in Mexico. Arch Microbiol. 2006;186:251-9 pubmed
    ..The existence of plant-borne lineages of Salmonella indicates that the unexplored plants may harbor some unknown microbes. ..
  38. Eylem C, Quintero E, Weiner R. Upstream sequence of the parahydroxyphenyl-pyruvate dioxygenase (melA) coding region leading to enhanced expression in Shewanella colwelliana. Microbios. 1996;86:163-74 pubmed
    ..This was the sole lesion detected in pHPPH hyperexpressing strains. It is suggested that a T to C transition alters the mRNA structure, exposing the ribosome binding site, thereby enhancing translational efficiency. ..
  39. Caccavo F, Ramsing N, Costerton J. Morphological and metabolic responses to starvation by the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacterium Shewanella alga BrY. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996;62:4678-82 pubmed
    ..Microbially reduced subsurface materials reduced CrO(4)2-. Starvation of dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria may provide a means of delivering this metabolism to contaminated subsurface environments for in situ bioremediation. ..
  40. Bowman J, McCammon S, Nichols D, Skerratt J, Rea S, Nichols P, et al. Shewanella gelidimarina sp. nov. and Shewanella frigidimarina sp. nov., novel Antarctic species with the ability to produce eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 omega 3) and grow anaerobically by dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997;47:1040-7 pubmed
    ..On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic data, the Antarctic iron-reducing strains are placed in two new species, Shewanella frigidimarina sp. nov. (type strain, ACAM 591) and Shewanella gelidimarina sp. nov. (type strain, ACAM 456). ..
  41. Hirsch W, Schagger H, Fuchs G. Phenylglyoxylate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (CoA benzoylating), a new enzyme of anaerobic phenylalanine metabolism in the denitrifying bacterium Azoarcus evansii. Eur J Biochem. 1998;251:907-15 pubmed
  42. Reinhold Hurek B, Shub D. Self-splicing introns in tRNA genes of widely divergent bacteria. Nature. 1992;357:173-6 pubmed
    ..Their occurrence in different genes of phylogenetically diverse bacteria indicates that group I introns have a widespread distribution among eubacteria. ..
  43. Tanner M, Anderson E, Gutell R, Cech T. Mutagenesis and comparative sequence analysis of a base triple joining the two domains of group I ribozymes. RNA. 1997;3:1037-51 pubmed
    ..Repositioning of the base triple to form a new set of interactions may be required for the second step of splicing. ..
  44. Rokosz A, Sawicka Grzelak A, Kot K, Pituch H, Meisel Mikołajczyk F, Luczak M. [Beta-lactamases with a wide substrate spectrum in gram negative strictly anaerobic rods]. Med Dosw Mikrobiol. 2000;52:129-37 pubmed
    ..Newer beta-lactam antibiotics, especially penicillins in combination with beta-lactamase inhibitors and carbapenems, are useful in empiric therapy of infections caused by Bacteroides spp. and Prevotella spp. anaerobic rods. ..
  45. Li L, Kato C, Nogi Y, Horikoshi K. Distribution of the pressure-regulated operons in deep-sea bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1998;159:159-66 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that the DNA sequences of the pressure-regulated operons can be regarded as marker sequences to identify the Shewanella barophilic strains. ..
  46. Nakasone K, Ikegami A, Kato C, Usami R, Horikoshi K. Mechanisms of gene expression controlled by pressure in deep-sea microorganisms. Extremophiles. 1998;2:149-54 pubmed
    ..1 MPa or 50 MPa were incubated with a DNA probe specific for region B. These results indicate that the deep-sea strain DSS12 expresses different DNA-binding factors under different pressure conditions. ..
  47. Czjzek M, Dos Santos J, Pommier J, Giordano G, M jean V, Haser R. Crystal structure of oxidized trimethylamine N-oxide reductase from Shewanella massilia at 2.5 A resolution. J Mol Biol. 1998;284:435-47 pubmed publisher
  48. Iwata M, Tateda K, Matsumoto T, Furuya N, Mizuiri S, Yamaguchi K. Primary Shewanella alga septicemia in a patient on hemodialysis. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:2104-5 pubmed
    ..Although the role of S. alga as a human pathogen has not been fully determined, accumulating data suggest that this organism may be a potential pathogen, especially in compromised hosts. ..
  49. Edelmann A, Pietzcker T, Wellinghausen N. Comparison of direct disk diffusion and standard microtitre broth dilution susceptibility testing of blood culture isolates. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:202-7 pubmed
  50. Yamane K, Arakawa Y. [Recent trend and research issues related to antimicrobial-resistant bacteria]. Masui. 2010;59:4-16 pubmed
  51. Lawford H, Rousseau J. Effect of acetic acid on xylose conversion to ethanol by genetically engineered E. coli. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 1992;34-35:185-204 pubmed
    ..The recombinant E. coli exhibits a xylose-to-ethanol conversion efficiency that is superior to that of other pentose-utilizing yeasts currently being investigated for the production of fuel ethanol from lignocellulosic materials. ..
  52. Cole J, Cascarelli A, Mohn W, Tiedje J. Isolation and characterization of a novel bacterium growing via reductive dehalogenation of 2-chlorophenol. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1994;60:3536-42 pubmed
    ..Analysis of the organism's 16S rRNA sequence revealed that it is a member of the delta proteobacteria, more closely related to the myxobacteria than to the sulfidogenic bacteria. ..
  53. Whitehead W, Kestle J. The treatment of cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections. Results from a practice survey of the American Society of Pediatric Neurosurgeons. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2001;35:205-10 pubmed
    ..Determining the most effective duration of antibiotic therapy in an effort to shorten hospitalization and minimize complications without sacrificing efficacy will require further study. ..
  54. Bjørkevoll I, Olsen R, Skjerdal O. Origin and spoilage potential of the microbiota dominating genus Psychrobacter in sterile rehydrated salt-cured and dried salt-cured cod (Gadus morhua). Int J Food Microbiol. 2003;84:175-87 pubmed
    ..The dominating bacterium in rehydrated salt-cured and dried salt-cured cod seems to mainly originate from the fresh fish itself and not from contamination during processing. ..
  55. Bae H, Moe W, Yan J, Tiago I, da Costa M, Rainey F. Propionicicella superfundia gen. nov., sp. nov., a chlorosolvent-tolerant propionate-forming, facultative anaerobic bacterium isolated from contaminated groundwater. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2006;29:404-13 pubmed
    ..nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Propionicicella superfundia is BL-10(T) (=ATCC BAA-1218(T), =LMG 23096(T)). ..
  56. Hurek T, Van Montagu M, Kellenberger E, Reinhold Hurek B. Induction of complex intracytoplasmic membranes related to nitrogen fixation in Azoarcus sp. BH72. Mol Microbiol. 1995;18:225-36 pubmed
    ..Development of diazosomes in nitrogen-fixing cells can be induced in pure cultures and in co-culture with a fungus isolated from the rhizosphere of Kallar grass. ..
  57. Shirasaka N, Nishi K, Shimizu S. Biosynthesis of furan fatty acids (F-acids) by a marine bacterium, Shewanella putrefaciens. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997;1346:253-60 pubmed
    ..Finally, the amount of F18 began to increase after 20 h and reached a plateau at 36 h. These results suggest that 11-me-18:1 and 11-me-18:2 are precursors of F18. ..
  58. Critchley I, Sahm D, Kelly L, Karlowsky J. In vitro synergy studies using aztreonam and fluoroquinolone combinations against six species of Gram-negative bacilli. Chemotherapy. 2003;49:44-8 pubmed
    ..Although in vivo clinical successes have been documented using aztreonam in combination with other agents, confirmation by laboratory techniques requires further investigation. ..
  59. Jonsdottir K, Kristinsson K. [Quinolone resistance in Gram negative rods in Iceland and association with antibiotic use]. Laeknabladid. 2008;94:279-85 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to measure the frequency of fluoroquinolone resistance in the most prevalent Gram negative rods and look at the correlation with fluoroquinolone use over the last 8 years...
  60. Venkateswaran K, Moser D, Dollhopf M, Lies D, Saffarini D, MacGregor B, et al. Polyphasic taxonomy of the genus Shewanella and description of Shewanella oneidensis sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1999;49 Pt 2:705-24 pubmed
    ..With this polyphasic approach, in addition to the ten described Shewanella species, two new species, Shewanella oneidensis and 'Shewanella pealeana', were recognized; Shewanella oneidensis sp. nov. is described here for the first time. ..
  61. Takeda M, Kamagata Y, Shinmaru S, Nishiyama T, Koizumi J. Paenibacillus koleovorans sp. nov., able to grow on the sheath of Sphaerotilus natans. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002;52:1597-601 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that the two strains represent a novel Paenibacillus species, for which the name Paenibacillus koleovorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain TB(T) (= JCM 11186T = IAM 14926T = KCTC 13912T)...
  62. Uraz G, Oncül O. Detection of ticarcillin-clavulonic acid susceptibility with microdilution method in Citrobacter, Hafnia, Proteus and some gram negative bacteria. Drug Metabol Drug Interact. 2004;20:185-91 pubmed
    ..04%) isolates were found sensitive (MIC < or = 8 microg/ml), 12 (13.19%) isolates were found intermediately sensitive (MIC 16-32 microg/ml), and 28 (30.77%) isolates were found resistant (MIC > or = 64 microg/ml) to TIM...
  63. Yumoto I, Hirota K, Nodasaka Y, Tokiwa Y, Nakajima K. Alkalibacterium indicireducens sp. nov., an obligate alkaliphile that reduces indigo dye. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:901-5 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species is A11T (=JCM 14232T=NCIMB 14253T). ..
  64. Makemson J, Fulayfil N, Landry W, Van Ert L, Wimpee C, Widder E, et al. Shewanella woodyi sp. nov., an exclusively respiratory luminous bacterium isolated from the Alboran Sea. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997;47:1034-9 pubmed
    ..hanedai 16S RNA gene. Based on the differences observed, we describe the new isolates as members of new species, Shewanella woodyi sp. nov. Strain ATCC 51908 (= MS32) is the type strain of this new species. ..
  65. Leung W, Jin L, Yau J, Sun Q, Corbet E. Microflora cultivable from minocycline strips placed in persisting periodontal pockets. Arch Oral Biol. 2005;50:39-48 pubmed
    ..Yeasts were occasionally isolated. The findings indicated that the minocycline strips but not the control strip supported a microbial colonisation compatible with periodontal health by day 6. ..
  66. Zembrzuski B, Chilco P, Liu X, Liu J, Conway T, Scopes R. Cloning, sequencing, and expression of the Zymomonas mobilis fructokinase gene and structural comparison of the enzyme with other hexose kinases. J Bacteriol. 1992;174:3455-60 pubmed
    ..Differential mRNA stability was not a factor, since the half-lives of the frk transcript were 6.2 min for glucose-grown cells and 6.6 min for fructose-grown cells. ..
  67. Anders H, Kaetzke A, Kampfer P, Ludwig W, Fuchs G. Taxonomic position of aromatic-degrading denitrifying pseudomonad strains K 172 and KB 740 and their description as new members of the genera Thauera, as Thauera aromatica sp. nov., and Azoarcus, as Azoarcus evansii sp. nov., respectively, members of. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995;45:327-33 pubmed
  68. Karg T, Reinhold Hurek B. Global changes in protein composition of N2-fixing-Azoarcus sp. strain BH72 upon diazosome formation. J Bacteriol. 1996;178:5748-54 pubmed
    ..Oligonucleotides deduced from N-terminal sequences of DP1 and DP4 specifically hybridized to chromosomal DNA of Azoarcus sp. strain BH72 in Southern hybridizations. ..
  69. Aluyi H, Boote V, Drucker D, Wilson J, Ling Y. Analysis of polar lipids from some representative enterobacteria, Plesiomonas and Acinetobacter by fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry. J Appl Bacteriol. 1992;73:426-32 pubmed
    ..90 (Ent. cloacae vs Ac. calcoaceticus, r = 0.46). Thus FAB-MS represents an excellent means of obtaining large quantities of data on polar lipids of a range of bacterial isolates, which may be suitable for chemotaxonomic purposes...
  70. Picardal F, Arnold R, Huey B. Effects of electron donor and acceptor conditions on reductive dehalogenation of tetrachloromethane by Shewanella putrefaciens 200. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995;61:8-12 pubmed
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    ..Elemental analysis of the material indicated that the content was organic in nature and might be a protein. HPLC analysis of the material showed that it was probably not a carbon source, nor an electron acceptor used by S. putrefaciens. ..
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    ..The results of this study add three new members to the genus Azoarcus, which previously comprised only nitrogen-fixing species associated with plant roots and denitrifying toluene degraders. ..
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    ..Similarly small differences in the clinical parameters were revealed when the subjects were grouped according to proportions of disease-associated and health-associated species in their subgingival samples...
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    ..It was concluded that protamine disrupted the outer surface structure and condensed the cytoplasm of sensitive cells and, in sublethal concentrations, altered membrane structures, thereby eliminating respiration. ..
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    ..Differential spectroscopy and heme analysis of the membrane preparations indicated that the cytochrome c oxidase is probably of the cb type. ..
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    ..This mechanism should be considered when evaluating heavy metal toxicity in the environment. ..
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    ..The results indicate that the loss of the fumarate reductase enzyme does not affect other anaerobic electron transport systems in this bacterium. ..
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    ..Newark, Del.), were also detected. Pathogenicity studies of mice indicate that S. alga appears to be the more virulent species, possibly due to the production of a hemolytic substance. ..
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    ..Finally, an important advantage is the use of nonreplicating plasmid DNA vectors to express protective antigens in the host...
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    ..selenatis, treating selenium-contaminated drainage water was also demonstrated. Selenium oxyanions and nitrate were reduced by 98%...
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    ..The present investigation determined the occurrence and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates of Gram-negative enteric rods from Colombian patients with chronic periodontitis...
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    ..Kinetic modelling was found to be valuable for both evaluation and prediction of microbial fish spoilage and an iterative approach for development of kinetic shelf life models was suggested...
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    ..Infect. Immun. 61:2089-2095), which encodes a 105-kda polypeptide with cytotoxic activity. DNA sequence analysis of the pHLBD genes shows 83.93% and 86.05% homologous to that of P. haemolytica IktBD genes, respectively...
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    ..It is of the utmost importance to conduct surveillance studies of these microorganisms in order to investigate their circulation in Cuba...
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    ..putrefaciens and the pseudomonads...