campylobacter fetus

Summary

Summary: A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.

Top Publications

  1. Campero C, Anderson M, Walker R, Blanchard P, Barbano L, Chiu P, et al. Immunohistochemical identification of Campylobacter fetus in natural cases of bovine and ovine abortions. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2005;52:138-41 pubmed
    An immunohistochemistry (IHC) procedure for the detection of Campylobacter fetus antigens using an avidin-biotin complex technique was performed on formalin fixed bovine and ovine fetal tissues from 26 natural cases of Campylobacter spp...
  2. Wong P, Fedder G, Heilmann F. [A man with Campylobacter endocarditis, treatable as Campylobacter fetus following identification]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2003;147:399-403 pubmed
    ..DNA sequencing identified Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus (C. fetus)...
  3. van Bergen M, Linnane S, van Putten J, Wagenaar J. Global detection and identification of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis. Rev Sci Tech. 2005;24:1017-26 pubmed
    Bovine genital campylobacteriosis caused by Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Cfv) is a genital infection that threatens the cattle industry. Detection and identification of Cfv are key factors in control programmes...
  4. Asakura M, Samosornsuk W, Hinenoya A, Misawa N, Nishimura K, Matsuhisa A, et al. Development of a cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) gene-based species-specific multiplex PCR assay for the detection and identification of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter fetus. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2008;52:260-6 pubmed publisher
    ..PCR assay for the detection of cdtA, cdtB or cdtC gene of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli or Campylobacter fetus, respectively, was developed and evaluated with 76 Campylobacter strains belonging to seven different ..
  5. Haruyama A, Toyoda S, Kikuchi M, Arikawa T, Inami S, Otani N, et al. Campylobacter fetus as cause of prosthetic valve endocarditis. Tex Heart Inst J. 2011;38:584-7 pubmed
    ..Transesophageal echocardiography showed an 18 × 4-mm vegetation on her prosthetic valve. Campylobacter fetus was isolated on blood cultures, and she was diagnosed with infectious endocarditis...
  6. Dost L, Denes E, Hidri N, Ploy M, Barraud O, Moreau J, et al. [Chronic subdural hematoma infected by Campylobacter fetus: case report]. Neurochirurgie. 2012;58:52-4 pubmed publisher
    We report here a rare case of chronic subdural hematoma infected by Campylobacter fetus in a 86-year-old woman. She was admitted for confusion and disorientation in a context of high fever and diarrhoea...
  7. Stynen A, Lage A, Moore R, Rezende A, de Resende V, Ruy P, et al. Complete genome sequence of type strain Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis NCTC 10354T. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5871-2 pubmed publisher
    b>Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis is the etiologic agent of bovine genital campylobacteriosis, a sexually transmitted disease of cattle that is of worldwide importance...
  8. Tremblay C, Gaudreau C, Lorange M. Epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of 111 Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus strains isolated in Québec, Canada, from 1983 to 2000. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41:463-6 pubmed
    The epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibilities of 111 Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus strains isolated from 103 patients from 1983 to 2000 in Québec, Canada, were determined...
  9. Tu Z, Zeitlin G, Gagner J, Keo T, Hanna B, Blaser M. Campylobacter fetus of reptile origin as a human pathogen. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42:4405-7 pubmed
    ..Although phenotypic testing did not definitively identify the organisms, molecular analysis indicated that they were the same strain of Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus and were of reptile origin.

More Information

Publications69

  1. Asakura M, Samosornsuk W, Taguchi M, Kobayashi K, Misawa N, Kusumoto M, et al. Comparative analysis of cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) genes among Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli and C. fetus strains. Microb Pathog. 2007;42:174-83 pubmed
    ..jejuni and C. fetus varied among strains, however, any C. coli strains exhibited Cdt activity on HeLa cells. These data indicate that the cdt gene may have a potential for virulence factor at least in C. jejuni and C. fetus...
  2. Zonios D, Panayiotakopoulos G, Kabletsas E, Tzima E, Stefanou I, Archimandritis A. Campylobacter fetus bacteraemia in a healthy individual: clinical and therapeutical implications. J Infect. 2005;51:329-32 pubmed
    ..While Campylobacter jejuni is probably the most common Campylobacter isolated in humans, Campylobacter fetus is rather infrequent and mostly related with bacteraemia...
  3. Willoughby K, Nettleton P, Quirie M, Maley M, Foster G, Toszeghy M, et al. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction to detect and differentiate Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus and Campylobacter fetus -species venerealis: use on UK isolates of C. fetus and other Campylobacter spp. J Appl Microbiol. 2005;99:758-66 pubmed
    Subspeciation of Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (CFF) and Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (CFV) is important for international animal import regulations...
  4. Monno R, Rendina M, Ceci G, Rizzo C, Luzzi I, Francavilla A, et al. Campylobacter fetus bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient: case report and review of the literature. New Microbiol. 2004;27:281-5 pubmed
    ..Blood cultures were positive for a bacterium that was identified as Campylobacter fetus. The patient was successfully treated with intravenous ciprofloxacin...
  5. Dingle K, Blaser M, Tu Z, Pruckler J, Fitzgerald C, Van Bergen M, et al. Genetic relationships among reptilian and mammalian Campylobacter fetus strains determined by multilocus sequence typing. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:977-80 pubmed publisher
    Reptile Campylobacter fetus isolates and closely related strains causing human disease were characterized by multilocus sequence typing. They shared approximately 90% nucleotide sequence identity with classical mammalian C...
  6. Ali A, Soares S, Santos A, Guimarães L, Barbosa E, Almeida S, et al. Campylobacter fetus subspecies: comparative genomics and prediction of potential virulence targets. Gene. 2012;508:145-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Among them, the Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus and venerealis deserve special attention, as they are the etiological agents of human ..
  7. Iraola G, Hernández M, Calleros L, Paolicchi F, Silveyra S, Velilla A, et al. Application of a multiplex PCR assay for Campylobacter fetus detection and subspecies differentiation in uncultured samples of aborted bovine fetuses. J Vet Sci. 2012;13:371-6 pubmed
    ..fetus subspecies and obtaining epidemiological information about abortion events in cattle...
  8. Manavathu E, Hiratsuka K, Taylor D. Nucleotide sequence analysis and expression of a tetracycline-resistance gene from Campylobacter jejuni. Gene. 1988;62:17-26 pubmed
    ..These results clearly support our earlier [Taylor et al., J. Bacteriol. 169 (1987) 2984-2989] suggestion that TcR determinants found in Gram-positive bacteria and in C. jejuni may have a common ancestry...
  9. Graham L. Campylobacter fetus adheres to and enters INT 407 cells. Can J Microbiol. 2002;48:995-1007 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus is a Gram-negative bacterial pathogen of humans and ungulates and is normally transmitted via ingestion of contaminated food or water with infection resulting in mild to severe enteritis...
  10. Van Bergen M, Dingle K, Maiden M, Newell D, van der Graaf van Bloois L, van Putten J, et al. Clonal nature of Campylobacter fetus as defined by multilocus sequence typing. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:5888-98 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus can be divided into the subspecies C. fetus subsp. fetus and C. fetus subsp. venerealis. C. fetus subsp...
  11. Benejat L, Gravet A, Sifré E, Ben Amor S, Quintard B, Megraud F, et al. Characterization of a Campylobacter fetus-like strain isolated from the faeces of a sick leopard tortoise (Stigmochelys pardalis) using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight as an alternative to bacterial 16S rDNA phylogeny. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2014;58:338-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Molecular as well as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) characterization suggests that it could correspond to a new Campylobacter species...
  12. Thompson S, Shedd O, Ray K, Beins M, Jorgensen J, Blaser M. Campylobacter fetus surface layer proteins are transported by a type I secretion system. J Bacteriol. 1998;180:6450-8 pubmed
    The virulence of Campylobacter fetus, a bacterial pathogen of ungulates and humans, is mediated in part by the presence of a paracrystalline surface layer (S-layer) that confers serum resistance...
  13. Yamashita K, Aoki Y, Hiroshima K. Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus. A case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999;24:582-4 pubmed
    ..Clinical observation of a patient...
  14. Graham L, Friel T, Woodman R. Fibronectin enhances Campylobacter fetus interaction with extracellular matrix components and INT 407 cells. Can J Microbiol. 2008;54:37-47 pubmed publisher
    b>Campylobacter fetus is a recognized pathogen of cattle and sheep that can also infect humans. No adhesins specific for C. fetus have to date been identified; however, bacterial attachment is essential to establish an infecting population...
  15. Bessède E, Lehours P, Labadi L, Bakiri S, Megraud F. Comparison of characteristics of patients infected by Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter fetus. J Clin Microbiol. 2014;52:328-30 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Campylobacter fetus infection occurred in much older patients and in hospitalized patients with a systemic disease.
  16. Abril C, Vilei E, Brodard I, Burnens A, Frey J, Miserez R. Discovery of insertion element ISCfe1: a new tool for Campylobacter fetus subspecies differentiation. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007;13:993-1000 pubmed
    The species Campylobacter fetus is divided into the subspecies C. fetus subsp. venerealis (CFV) and C. fetus subsp. fetus (CFF)...
  17. Ahmar W, Johnson D, Richards M, Strathmore N. Campylobacter fetus infection of an internal cardioverter defibrillator. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008;31:258-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The generator became infected at the time of Campylobacter fetus bacteremia. The ICD was removed and a new device was implanted without complication.
  18. McMillen L, Fordyce G, Doogan V, Lew A. Comparison of culture and a novel 5' Taq nuclease assay for direct detection of Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in clinical specimens from cattle. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:938-45 pubmed
    A Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis-specific 5' Taq nuclease PCR assay using a 3' minor groove binder-DNA probe (TaqMan MGB) was developed based on a subspecies-specific fragment of unknown identity (S. Hum, K. Quinn, J...
  19. van Bergen M, Simons G, van der Graaf van Bloois L, van Putten J, Rombout J, Wesley I, et al. Amplified fragment length polymorphism based identification of genetic markers and novel PCR assay for differentiation of Campylobacter fetus subspecies. J Med Microbiol. 2005;54:1217-24 pubmed
    Differentiation of Campylobacter fetus into C. fetus subsp. fetus (Cff) and C. fetus subsp. venerealis (Cfv) is important for both clinical and economic reasons...
  20. Brooks B, Robertson R, Lutze Wallace C, Pfahler W. Monoclonal antibodies specific for Campylobacter fetus lipopolysaccharides. Vet Microbiol. 2002;87:37-49 pubmed
    Four monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) (M1357, M1360, M1823 and M1825) which reacted with Campylobacter fetus lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core region epitopes were produced and characterized. Reactivity of these mAbs with C...
  21. Gorkiewicz G, Kienesberger S, Schober C, Scheicher S, Gülly C, Zechner R, et al. A genomic island defines subspecies-specific virulence features of the host-adapted pathogen Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:502-17 pubmed publisher
    The pathogen Campylobacter fetus comprises two subspecies, C. fetus subsp. fetus and C. fetus subsp. venerealis. Although these taxa are highly related on the genome level, they are adapted to distinct hosts and tissues. C. fetus subsp...
  22. Cobo E, Morsella C, Cano D, Cipolla A, Campero C. Immunization in heifers with dual vaccines containing Tritrichomonas foetus and Campylobacter fetus antigens using systemic and mucosal routes. Theriogenology. 2004;62:1367-82 pubmed
    ..heifers) and group 2 (n = 20) received a commercial or experimental vaccine, respectively, containing both Campylobacter fetus and Tritrichomonas foetus antigens. Group 3 (n = 21) received adjuvant alone...
  23. Grogono Thomas R, Blaser M, Ahmadi M, Newell D. Role of S-layer protein antigenic diversity in the immune responses of sheep experimentally challenged with Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus. Infect Immun. 2003;71:147-54 pubmed
    Surface layer proteins (SLPs) are essential for induction of abortion by Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus in experimentally challenged ewes. These proteins are encoded by multiple sap genes and vary in size and antigenicity...
  24. Yamazaki W, Taguchi M, Ishibashi M, Nukina M, Misawa N, Inoue K. Development of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for sensitive and rapid detection of Campylobacter fetus. Vet Microbiol. 2009;136:393-6 pubmed publisher
    We developed a sensitive and rapid loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for detection of Campylobacter fetus. This assay provides simpler and more rapid detection of C. fetus than conventional biochemical and PCR assays...
  25. Moolhuijzen P, Lew Tabor A, Wlodek B, Agüero F, Comerci D, Ugalde R, et al. Genomic analysis of Campylobacter fetus subspecies: identification of candidate virulence determinants and diagnostic assay targets. BMC Microbiol. 2009;9:86 pubmed publisher
    b>Campylobacter fetus subspecies venerealis is the causative agent of bovine genital campylobacteriosis, asymptomatic in bulls the disease is spread to female cattle causing extensive reproductive loss...
  26. Kapperud G, Rosef O. Avian wildlife reservoir of Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, Yersinia spp., and Salmonella spp. in Norway. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1983;45:375-80 pubmed
    Cloacal swabs from 540 wild-living birds were cultured for Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni, Yersinia spp., and Salmonella spp. The carrier rates detected were as follows: C. fetus subsp. jejuni, 28.4%; Yersinia spp., 1...
  27. Abril C, Brodard I, Perreten V. Two novel antibiotic resistance genes, tet(44) and ant(6)-Ib, are located within a transferable pathogenicity island in Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010;54:3052-5 pubmed publisher
    New tetracycline and streptomycin resistance genes, tet(44) and ant(6)-Ib, were identified in Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus within a transferable pathogenicity island that is typically unique to Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis...
  28. Kienesberger S, Schober Trummler C, Fauster A, Lang S, Sprenger H, Gorkiewicz G, et al. Interbacterial macromolecular transfer by the Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis type IV secretion system. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:744-58 pubmed publisher
    We report here the first demonstration of intra- and interspecies conjugative plasmid DNA transfer for Campylobacter fetus. Gene regions carried by a Campylobacter coli plasmid were identified that are sufficient for conjugative ..
  29. Jimenez D, Perez A, Carpenter T, Martinez A. Factors associated with infection by Campylobacter fetus in beef herds in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Prev Vet Med. 2011;101:157-62 pubmed publisher
    b>Campylobacter fetus is a major venereal pathogen of cattle that is considered to be widespread among the livestock population of Argentina...
  30. Tu Z, Ray K, Thompson S, Blaser M. Campylobacter fetus uses multiple loci for DNA inversion within the 5' conserved regions of sap homologs. J Bacteriol. 2001;183:6654-61 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus cells possess multiple promoterless sap homologs, each capable of expressing a surface layer protein (SLP) by utilizing a unique promoter present on a 6.2-kb invertible element...
  31. Tu Z, Eisner W, Kreiswirth B, Blaser M. Genetic divergence of Campylobacter fetus strains of mammal and reptile origins. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:3334-40 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus is a gram-negative bacterial pathogen of both humans and animals. Two subspecies have been identified, Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus and Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis, and there are two serotypes, A and B...
  32. Kienesberger S, Gorkiewicz G, Joainig M, Scheicher S, Leitner E, Zechner E. Development of experimental genetic tools for Campylobacter fetus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:4619-30 pubmed publisher
    Molecular analysis of the virulence mechanisms of the emerging pathogen Campylobacter fetus has been hampered by the lack of genetic tools...
  33. Mai H, Irons P, Kabir J, Thompson P. Herd-level risk factors for Campylobacter fetus infection, Brucella seropositivity and within-herd seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle in northern Nigeria. Prev Vet Med. 2013;111:256-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Preputial scrapings from 602 bulls were tested using culture and identification for Campylobacter fetus. For each disease, a herd was classified as positive if one or more animals tested positive...
  34. Tu Z, Dewhirst F, Blaser M. Evidence that the Campylobacter fetus sap locus is an ancient genomic constituent with origins before mammals and reptiles diverged. Infect Immun. 2001;69:2237-44 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus bacteria, isolated from both mammals and reptiles, may be either subsp. fetus or subsp. venerealis and either serotype A or serotype B...
  35. Mshelia G, Amin J, Egwu G, Woldehiwet Z, Murray R. The prevalence of bovine venereal campylobacteriosis in cattle herds in the Lake Chad basin of Nigeria. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2012;44:1487-9 pubmed publisher
    ..All the samples investigated were cultured using standard bacteriological technique. Campylobacter fetus was isolated from six bulls and four cows. In all cattle sampled, the isolation rates were 2.2% for C...
  36. Schmidt T, Venter E, Picard J. Evaluation of PCR assays for the detection of Campylobacter fetus in bovine preputial scrapings and the identification of subspecies in South African field isolates. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2010;81:87-92 pubmed
    As a result of the high lability and slow growth of Campylobacter fetus subspecies, the laboratory diagnosis of bovine genital campylobacteriosis has always been difficult...
  37. Baker N, Graham L. Campylobacter fetus translocation across Caco-2 cell monolayers. Microb Pathog. 2010;49:260-72 pubmed publisher
    b>Campylobacter fetus is a recognized pathogen of cattle and sheep, though human infection has also been reported. Ingestion of contaminated food or water is a proposed route of transmission for both humans and animals...
  38. Tu Z, Wassenaar T, Thompson S, Blaser M. Structure and genotypic plasticity of the Campylobacter fetus sap locus. Mol Microbiol. 2003;48:685-98 pubmed
    The Campylobacter fetus surface layer proteins (SLPs), encoded by five to nine sapA homologues, are major virulence factors. To characterize the sapA homologues further, a 65.9 kb C...
  39. Brooks B, Devenish J, Lutze Wallace C, Milnes D, Robertson R, Berlie Surujballi G. Evaluation of a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Campylobacter fetus in bovine preputial washing and vaginal mucus samples. Vet Microbiol. 2004;103:77-84 pubmed
    ..assay (ELISA) was described and evaluated for use as a presumptive screening test for detection of Campylobacter fetus in bovine preputial washing and vaginal mucus samples...
  40. Miki K, Maekura R, Hiraga T, Hirotani A, Hashimoto H, Kitada S, et al. Infective tricuspid valve endocarditis with pulmonary emboli caused by Campylobacter fetus after tooth extraction. Intern Med. 2005;44:1055-9 pubmed
    We describe a case of infective endocarditis caused by Campylobacter fetus accompanied by pulmonary emboli...
  41. Gazaigne L, Legrand P, Renaud B, Bourra B, Taillandier E, Brun Buisson C, et al. Campylobacter fetus bloodstream infection: risk factors and clinical features. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008;27:185-9 pubmed
    In this paper, we report 21 cases of Campylobacter fetus bloodstream infection observed in our institution over a 9-year period. The median age of the patients was 78 years...
  42. Schulze F, Bagon A, Muller W, Hotzel H. Identification of Campylobacter fetus subspecies by phenotypic differentiation and PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44:2019-24 pubmed
    The species Campylobacter fetus is divided into the subspecies C. fetus subsp. venerealis and C. fetus subsp. fetus, which differ in their epidemiologies and clinical importance...
  43. Tu Z, Gaudreau C, Blaser M. Mechanisms underlying Campylobacter fetus pathogenesis in humans: surface-layer protein variation in relapsing infections. J Infect Dis. 2005;191:2082-9 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus causes gastrointestinal and systemic infections in humans. Although relapse is common despite antibiotic treatment, the mechanisms are not well understood. The surface-layer proteins (SLPs) of C...
  44. Mshelia G, Amin J, Egwu G, Yavari C, Murray R, Woldehiwet Z. Detection of antibodies specific to Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in the vaginal mucus of Nigerian breeding cows. Vet Ital. 2010;46:337-44 pubmed
    ..using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of IgA antibodies specific to Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis in vaginal mucus (n = 66). IgA antibodies specific to C. fetus subsp...
  45. On S, Harrington C. Evaluation of numerical analysis of PFGE-DNA profiles for differentiating Campylobacter fetus subspecies by comparison with phenotypic, PCR and 16S rDNA sequencing methods. J Appl Microbiol. 2001;90:285-93 pubmed
    To assess the efficacy of numerical analysis of PFGE-DNA profiles for identification and differentiation of Campylobacter fetus subspecies.
  46. Wang C, Shia W, Jhou Y, Shyu C. Occurrence and molecular characterization of reptilian Campylobacter fetus strains isolated in Taiwan. Vet Microbiol. 2013;164:67-76 pubmed publisher
    ..7% (12/179) were Campylobacter positive; all positive samples were identified as Campylobacter fetus. For the different reptile species, the prevalence of C. fetus in turtles was 9.7% (10/103), 1...
  47. Mackay B. Walkerton, 2 years later: "Memory fades very quickly". CMAJ. 2002;166:1326 pubmed
  48. Sifré E, Salha B, Ducournau A, Floch P, Chardon H, Mégraud F, et al. EUCAST recommendations for antimicrobial susceptibility testing applied to the three main Campylobacter species isolated in humans. J Microbiol Methods. 2015;119:206-13 pubmed publisher
    ..jejuni, 419 C. coli and 100 Campylobacter fetus strains received at the French National Reference Center for Campylobacters and Helicobacters...
  49. Viejo G, Gomez B, De Miguel D, Del Valle A, Otero L, de La Iglesia P. Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus bacteremia associated with chorioamnionitis and intact fetal membranes. Scand J Infect Dis. 2001;33:126-7 pubmed
    b>Campylobacter fetus subspecies fetus was isolated from the blood of a patient with chorioamnionitis and intact fetal membranes...
  50. Michi A, Favetto P, Kastelic J, Cobo E. A review of sexually transmitted bovine trichomoniasis and campylobacteriosis affecting cattle reproductive health. Theriogenology. 2016;85:781-791 pubmed publisher
    The objective is to discuss sexually transmitted diseases caused by Tritrichomonas foetus (T foetus) and Campylobacter fetus (C fetus) subsp. venerealis, with a focus on prevalence, pathogenesis, and diagnosis in cows and bulls...
  51. Cipolla A, Cordeviola J, Terzolo H, Combessies G, Bardon J, Ramon N, et al. Campylobacter fetus diagnosis: direct immunofluorescence comparing chicken IgY and rabbit IgG conjugates. ALTEX. 2001;18:165-70 pubmed
    ..fetus. IgY had less background due to unspecific fluorescence than IgG. IgY is a cheap, bloodless and very productive method. IgY can replace mammal immunoglobulins for C. fetus diagnosis. ..
  52. Elbrissi A, Sabeil Y, Khalifa K, Enan K, Khair O, El Hussein A. Isolation, identification and differentiation of Campylobacter spp. using multiplex PCR assay from goats in Khartoum State, Sudan. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2017;49:575-581 pubmed publisher
    ..jejuni). Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter lari, Campylobacter upsaliensis and Campylobacter fetus. Conventional cultural methods to diagnose campylobacteriosis are tedious and time consuming...
  53. Zhao H, Yu S, Liu H, Si W, Wang C, Liu S. Identification of antigenic epitopes of the SapA protein of Campylobacter fetus using a phage display peptide library. Res Vet Sci. 2012;93:1274-80 pubmed publisher
    In this study, we immunized mice with prokaryotically expressed recombinant surface layer protein, SapA, of Campylobacter fetus, generated hybridomas secreting mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAb) targeting SapA, and purified the mAb A2D5 ..
  54. Moran A, O Malley D, Vuopio Varkila J, Varkila K, Pyhälä L, Saxen H, et al. Biological characterization of Campylobacter fetus lipopolysaccharides. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1996;15:43-50 pubmed
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of three strains of Campylobacter fetus (subspp...
  55. Charbonnel A, Carmoi T, Lecoules S, Bonnefoy S, Algayres J. [Vascular manifestations due to Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus infection: report of two cases]. Rev Med Interne. 2012;33:643-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Campylobacter fetus is a rare Gram-negative bacteria affecting especially elderly and immunocompromised patients, and that is responsible of vascular and cutaneous involvement.
  56. Fujihara N, Takakura S, Saito T, Iinuma Y, Ichiyama S. A case of perinatal sepsis by Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus infection successfully treated with carbapenem--case report and literature review. J Infect. 2006;53:e199-202 pubmed
    Infection due to Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus during pregnancy is uncommon in humans. We report a case of a pregnant woman who experienced premature labor. The infant was diagnosed with neonatal sepsis due to C. fetus subsp...
  57. Brooks B, Robertson R, Lutze Wallace C, Pfahler W. Identification, characterization, and variation in expression of two serologically distinct O-antigen epitopes in lipopolysaccharides of Campylobacter fetus serotype A strains. Infect Immun. 2001;69:7596-602 pubmed
    Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) O-antigens of Campylobacter fetus serotype A and B strains were produced. Eight MAbs specific for serotype A LPS were characterized on immunoblots of C. fetus serotype A LPS...
  58. Sahin O, Plummer P, Jordan D, Sulaj K, Pereira S, Robbe Austerman S, et al. Emergence of a tetracycline-resistant Campylobacter jejuni clone associated with outbreaks of ovine abortion in the United States. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46:1663-71 pubmed publisher
    Campylobacter infection is one of the major causes of ovine abortions worldwide. Historically, Campylobacter fetus subsp...
  59. Kalka Moll W, van Bergen M, Plum G, Kronke M, Wagenaar J. The need to differentiate Campylobacter fetus subspecies isolated from humans. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005;11:341-2 pubmed
  60. David J, Nasser R, Goldberg J, Reed K, Earll M. Bilateral prosthetic knee infection by Campylobacter fetus. J Arthroplasty. 2005;20:401-5 pubmed
    We present the first documented case of a bilateral prosthetic knee joint infection with Campylobacter fetus. Our patient's risk factors included age, the presence of prosthetic joints, and potential exposure through his contact with ..