anaplasmataceae

Summary

Summary: A family of bacteria which inhabit RED BLOOD CELLS and cause several animal diseases.

Top Publications

  1. Pekova S, Vydra J, Kabickova H, Frankova S, Haugvicova R, Mazal O, et al. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis infection identified in 2 hematooncologic patients: benefit of molecular techniques for rare pathogen detection. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;69:266-70 pubmed publisher
    ..In both individuals, the clinical presentation suggested ehrlichiosis-like syndrome. We believe that molecular techniques open new vistas in the field of pathogen detection...
  2. Sarih M, M ghirbi Y, Bouattour A, Gern L, Baranton G, Postic D. Detection and identification of Ehrlichia spp. in ticks collected in Tunisia and Morocco. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43:1127-32 pubmed
    ..assay followed by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used for the detection of members of the family Anaplasmataceae in ticks in North Africa...
  3. Park H, Lee J, Jeong E, Park T, Kim T, Chae J, et al. Differentiation of Anaplasmataceae through partial groEL gene analysis. Microbiol Immunol. 2005;49:655-62 pubmed
    The nucleotide sequences (287 bp) of the partial groEL gene from 14 reference strains of Anaplasmataceae were determined and compared...
  4. Diniz P, Schulz B, Hartmann K, Breitschwerdt E. "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" infection in a dog from Germany. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:2059-62 pubmed publisher
    ..quot;Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" infection in a chronically neutropenic dog from Germany was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The same organism was previously described from ticks and two sick human beings from Germany...
  5. Vayssier Taussat M, Le Rhun D, Buffet J, Maaoui N, Galan M, Guivier E, et al. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in bank voles, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:2063-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequencing showed the isolates carried the same genotype as the bacteria that caused disease in humans and animals elsewhere in Europe...
  6. Djiba M, Mediannikov O, Mbengue M, Thiongane Y, Molez J, Seck M, et al. Survey of Anaplasmataceae bacteria in sheep from Senegal. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2013;45:1557-61 pubmed publisher
    The authors studied the role of bacteria belonging to Anaplasmataceae family as the causes of acute illnesses of sheep in West Africa.
  7. von Loewenich F, Geissdörfer W, Disqué C, Matten J, Schett G, Sakka S, et al. Detection of "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" in two patients with severe febrile illnesses: evidence for a European sequence variant. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:2630-5 pubmed publisher
    Recently, a new genus of Anaplasmataceae termed "Candidatus Neoehrlichia" was discovered in ticks and rodents...
  8. Welinder Olsson C, Kjellin E, Vaht K, Jacobsson S, Wenneras C. First case of human "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" infection in a febrile patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:1956-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Amplification of 16S rRNA gene sequences from blood and sequence analysis revealed "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis." We report the first case of human disease caused by "Ca. Neoehrlichia mikurensis."..
  9. Richter D, Matuschka F. "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis," Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and lyme disease spirochetes in questing european vector ticks and in feeding ticks removed from people. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:943-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Neoehrlichia mikurensis" appears to be the second most common pathogen in I. ricinus ticks. In our survey, only Borrelia afzelii appears to infect Central European vector ticks more frequently...

More Information

Publications90

  1. Dumler J, Barbet A, Bekker C, Dasch G, Palmer G, Ray S, et al. Reorganization of genera in the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in the order Rickettsiales: unification of some species of Ehrlichia with Anaplasma, Cowdria with Ehrlichia and Ehrlichia with Neorickettsia, descriptions of six new species . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:2145-65 pubmed
    ..It is proposed that all members of the tribes Ehrlichieae and Wolbachieae be transferred to the family Anaplasmataceae and that the tribe structure of the family Rickettsiaceae be eliminated...
  2. Rikihisa Y. Mechanisms to create a safe haven by members of the family Anaplasmataceae. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003;990:548-55 pubmed
    Members of the family Anaplasmataceae are obligatory intracellular bacteria with unique host cell specificities...
  3. Rikihisa Y. New findings on members of the family Anaplasmataceae of veterinary importance. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006;1078:438-45 pubmed
    Members of the family Anaplasmataceae are obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that naturally infect a variety of wild and domestic animal species, the spillover of which may lead to zoonosis...
  4. Silveira J, Rabelo E, Ribeiro M. Molecular detection of tick-borne pathogens of the family Anaplasmataceae in Brazilian brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira, Fischer, 1814) and marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus, Illiger, 1815). Transbound Emerg Dis. 2012;59:353-60 pubmed publisher
    Deer are important natural reservoir hosts of Anaplasmataceae. The present study used nested PCR and nucleotide sequencing to evaluate the occurrence of Anaplasmataceae species in 23 free-living and six captive specimens of the cervids ..
  5. Tabara K, Arai S, Kawabuchi T, Itagaki A, Ishihara C, Satoh H, et al. Molecular survey of Babesia microti, Ehrlichia species and Candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis in wild rodents from Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Microbiol Immunol. 2007;51:359-67 pubmed
    ..PCR using primers specific for the Babesia 18S small-subunit rRNA (rDNA) gene and Anaplasmataceae groESL amplified products from 45% (28/62) and 25.8% (16/62) of captured mice, respectively...
  6. Yabsley M, Murphy S, Luttrell M, Wilcox B, Ruckdeschel C. Raccoons (Procyon lotor), but not rodents, are natural and experimental hosts for an ehrlichial organism related to "Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis". Vet Microbiol. 2008;131:301-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the molecular and natural history uniqueness of this organism from raccoons, we propose that this represents a novel species in the "Candidatus Neoehrlichia" group of ehrlichial organisms...
  7. Kawahara M, Rikihisa Y, Isogai E, Takahashi M, Misumi H, Suto C, et al. Ultrastructure and phylogenetic analysis of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' in the family Anaplasmataceae, isolated from wild rats and found in Ixodes ovatus ticks. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:1837-43 pubmed
    ..rats and Ixodes ovatus ticks in Japan revealed that the organism represents a novel clade in the family Anaplasmataceae, which includes the Schotti variant found in Ixodes ricinus ticks in the Netherlands and the Ehrlichia-like ..
  8. Dagnone A, Souza A, André M, Machado R. Molecular diagnosis of Anaplasmataceae organisms in dogs with clinical and microscopical signs of ehrlichiosis. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2009;18:20-5 pubmed
    ..Clinical manifestations of ehrlichiosis caused by different members of Anaplasmataceae in dogs are similar to each other and to other diseases showing systemic manifestation...
  9. Beninati T, Piccolo G, Rizzoli A, Genchi C, Bandi C. Anaplasmataceae in wild rodents and roe deer from Trento Province (northern Italy). Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006;25:677-8 pubmed
  10. Fehr J, Bloemberg G, Ritter C, Hombach M, Luscher T, Weber R, et al. Septicemia caused by tick-borne bacterial pathogen Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010;16:1127-9 pubmed publisher
    ..After 6 weeks of therapy with doxycycline and rifampin, the patient recovered...
  11. Ekner A, Dudek K, Sajkowska Z, Majlathova V, Majláth I, Tryjanowski P. Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in the sand lizard Lacerta agilis and co-infection of these bacteria in hosted Ixodes ricinus ticks. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:182 pubmed publisher
    b>Anaplasmataceae and Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are important tick-borne bacteria maintained in nature by transmission between ticks and vertebrate hosts. However, the potential role of lizards as hosts has not been sufficiently studied.
  12. Ferquel E, Garnier M, Marie J, Bernede Bauduin C, Baranton G, Perez Eid C, et al. Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasmataceae members in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Alsace, a focus of Lyme borreliosis endemicity in France. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:3074-8 pubmed
    ..in order to determine the density of Ixodes ricinus ticks infected by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasmataceae. The peak density of nymphs infected by B...
  13. Westfall D, Jensen W, Reagan W, Radecki S, Lappin M. Inoculation of two genotypes of Hemobartonella felis (California and Ohio variants) to induce infection in cats and the response to treatment with azithromycin. Am J Vet Res. 2001;62:687-91 pubmed
  14. Berent L, Messick J, Cooper S. Detection of Haemobartonella felis in cats with experimentally induced acute and chronic infections, using a polymerase chain reaction assay. Am J Vet Res. 1998;59:1215-20 pubmed
    ..To develop a test for detection of Haemobartonella felis, using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
  15. Allerdice M, Hecht J, Karpathy S, Paddock C. Evaluation of Gulf Coast Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) for Ehrlichia and Anaplasma Species. J Med Entomol. 2017;54:481-484 pubmed publisher
    ..maculatum collected from six U.S. states using broad-range Anaplasmataceae and Ehrlichia genus-specific PCR assays. Of the samples tested, four (0...
  16. Ayllon T, Diniz P, Breitschwerdt E, Villaescusa A, Rodriguez Franco F, Sainz A. Vector-borne diseases in client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, Spain. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:143-50 pubmed publisher
    ..About 9.9% of cats had antibody reactivity to more than one agent. L. infantum DNA was amplified from four cats (0.6%), B. henselae DNA from one cat (0.15%), and B. clarridgeiae DNA from another cat (0.15%)...
  17. Hornok S, Ágh N, Takács N, Kontschán J, Hofmann Lehmann R. Haematospirillum and insect Wolbachia DNA in avian blood. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2018;111:479-483 pubmed publisher
    In this study, blood samples of 259 Acrocephalus sp. warblers were molecularly analysed for Anaplasmataceae and Rhodospirillaceae based on PCR amplification of 16S rRNA gene fragments...
  18. Vieira F, Acosta I, Martins T, Filho J, Krawczak F, Barbieri A, et al. Tick-borne infections in dogs and horses in the state of Espírito Santo, Southeast Brazil. Vet Parasitol. 2018;249:43-48 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Anaplasmataceae, Hepatozoon spp. and by real-time PCR for Ehrlichia canis. Of the 378 dogs examined, 157 (41...
  19. Sykes J. Feline hemotropic mycoplasmosis (feline hemobartonellosis). Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2003;33:773-89 pubmed
    ..Affected cats should be tested for FeLV, the most common concurrent infection in cats with FHM...
  20. Dahmani M, Davoust B, Rousseau F, Raoult D, Fenollar F, Mediannikov O. Natural Anaplasmataceae infection in Rhipicephalus bursa ticks collected from sheep in the French Basque Country. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:18-24 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we investigated Anaplasmataceae bacteria associated with R. bursa collected after an epizootic outbreak of ovine anaplasmosis...
  21. Huber D, Reil I, Duvnjak S, Jurković D, Lukačević D, Pilat M, et al. Molecular detection of Anaplasma platys, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Wolbachia sp. but not Ehrlichia canis in Croatian dogs. Parasitol Res. 2017;116:3019-3026 pubmed publisher
    ..63 deceased dogs with a history of anaemia and thrombocytopenia were collected for molecular screening by an Anaplasmataceae-specific 16S rRNA conventional PCR...
  22. Goldman D, Artenstein A, Bolan C. Human ehrlichiosis: a newly recognized tick-borne disease. Am Fam Physician. 1992;46:199-208 pubmed
    ..Therapy must be initiated empirically in suspected cases. Both ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever respond well to tetracycline and chloramphenicol, but not to penicillins or cephalosporins. ..
  23. Birkenheuer A, Breitschwerdt E, Alleman A, Pitulle C. Differentiation of Haemobartonella canis and Mycoplasma haemofelis on the basis of comparative analysis of gene sequences. Am J Vet Res. 2002;63:1385-8 pubmed
    ..To determine whether Haemobartonella canis and Mycoplasma haemofelis (formerly known as H felis [large form]) can be differentiated by use of comparative analysis of gene sequences...
  24. Koh F, Kho K, Panchadcharam C, Sitam F, Tay S. Molecular detection of Anaplasma spp. in pangolins (Manis javanica) and wild boars (Sus scrofa) in Peninsular Malaysia. Vet Parasitol. 2016;227:73-6 pubmed publisher
    ..16S rRNA gene sequences, Candidatus Anaplasma pangolinii is identified in a distinct branch within the family Anaplasmataceae, exhibiting the closest sequence similarity with the type strains of Anaplasma bovis (97...
  25. Wattanamethanont J, Kaewthamasorn M, Tiawsirisup S. Natural infection of questing ixodid ticks with protozoa and bacteria in Chonburi Province, Thailand. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2018;9:749-758 pubmed publisher
    ..of the 18S rRNA gene of Babesia and Theileria species, and the 16S rRNA gene of bacteria in the family Anaplasmataceae. Results revealed a tick infection rate for the tick pools of 57...
  26. Erwin J, Fitak R, Dwyer J, Morrison J, Culver M. Molecular detection of bacteria in the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in northern crested caracaras (Caracara cheriway). Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7:470-4 pubmed publisher
    Bacterial pathogens of the families Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae are often spread to humans or other animals from bites from infected arthropod hosts...
  27. Cicuttin G, Tarragona E, De Salvo M, Mangold A, Nava S. Infection with Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma platys (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) in two lineages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (Acari: Ixodidae) from Argentina. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2015;6:724-9 pubmed publisher
    ..canis and A. platys to dogs by R. sanguineus s.l probably occurs along this region. ..
  28. Palomar A, Portillo A, Santibáñez P, Mazuelas D, Roncero L, García Álvarez L, et al. Detection of tick-borne Anaplasma bovis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma centrale in Spain. Med Vet Entomol. 2015;29:349-53 pubmed publisher
    The genus Anaplasma (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) includes species of medical and veterinary importance. The presence of Anaplasma spp...
  29. Werther K, Luzzi M, Gonçalves L, de Oliveira J, Alves Júnior J, Machado R, et al. Arthropod-borne agents in wild Orinoco geese (Neochen jubata) in Brazil. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017;55:30-41 pubmed publisher
    ..work aimed to verify, by serological and molecular methods, the occurrence of haemosporida piroplasmids and Anaplasmataceae agents in wild Orinoco geese captured in Brazil...
  30. Svitálková Z, Haruštiaková D, Mahríková L, Mojšová M, Berthová L, Slovák M, et al. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in ticks and rodents from urban and natural habitats of South-Western Slovakia. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:2 pubmed publisher
    ..phagocytophilum prevailed in the urban/suburban habitat (75.0%). The study confirmed the circulation of CNM between I. ricinus ticks and rodents in South-Western Slovakia, and indicates a potential risk of contracting human infections. ..
  31. Blanco C, Teixeira B, da Silva A, de Oliveira R, Strecht L, Ogrzewalska M, et al. Microorganisms in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) collected on marsupials and rodents from Santa Catarina, Paraná and Mato Grosso do Sul states, Brazil. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:90-98 pubmed publisher
    ..the ticks were individually tested for the presence of bacteria of the genera Rickettsia, Borrelia, family Anaplasmataceae, and protozoa of the genus Babesia...
  32. Cicuttin G, De Salvo M, Nava S. Two novel Ehrlichia strains detected in Amblyomma tigrinum ticks associated to dogs in peri-urban areas of Argentina. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017;53:40-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Molecular detection of agents belonging to the family Anaplasmataceae was performed targeting three different loci: 16S rRNA gene, dsb gene and a fragment of groESL heat shock ..
  33. Cicuttin G, De Salvo M, Gury Dohmen F. Molecular characterization of Ehrlichia canis infecting dogs, Buenos Aires. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2016;7:954-957 pubmed publisher
    ..The samples were initially screened for Anaplasmataceae family by PCR, resulting in 30 positive dogs (13.4%)...
  34. Yabsley M, Murphy S, Luttrell M, Wilcox B, Howerth E, Munderloh U. Characterization of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia lotoris' (family Anaplasmataceae) from raccoons (Procyon lotor). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:2794-8 pubmed publisher
    ..rRNA gene, groESL, gltA and rpoB) confirmed that the novel ehrlichial organism was a member of the family Anaplasmataceae and was most closely related to, but distinct from, 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' TK4456(R) and IS58...
  35. Jahfari S, Fonville M, Hengeveld P, Reusken C, Scholte E, Takken W, et al. Prevalence of Neoehrlichia mikurensis in ticks and rodents from North-west Europe. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:74 pubmed publisher
    ..An Ehrlichia-like schotti variant has been described in questing Ixodes ricinus ticks, which could be identical to Neoehrlichia mikurensis...
  36. Szokoli F, Castelli M, Sabaneyeva E, Schrallhammer M, Krenek S, Doak T, et al. Disentangling the Taxonomy of Rickettsiales and Description of Two Novel Symbionts ("Candidatus Bealeia paramacronuclearis" and "Candidatus Fokinia cryptica") Sharing the Cytoplasm of the Ciliate Protist Paramecium biaurelia. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016;82:7236-7247 pubmed
    ..a separation of Rickettsiales into at least two groups: one represented by the families Rickettsiaceae, Anaplasmataceae, and "Candidatus Midichloriaceae" (RAM clade), and the other represented by "basal Rickettsiales," including "..
  37. Noroy C, Meyer D. Comparative Genomics of the Zoonotic Pathogen Ehrlichia chaffeensis Reveals Candidate Type IV Effectors and Putative Host Cell Targets. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2016;6:204 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to the identification of the two known type IV effectors of Anaplasmataceae, we identified two novel candidates T4Es, ECHLIB_RS02720 and ECHLIB_RS04640, which are not present in all ..
  38. Atif F. Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma phagocytophilum: Rickettsiales pathogens of veterinary and public health significance. Parasitol Res. 2015;114:3941-57 pubmed publisher
    ..are the most important tick-borne bacteria of veterinary and public health significance in the family Anaplasmataceae. The objective of current review is to provide knowledge on ecology and epidemiology of A...
  39. Benevenute J, Dumler J, Ogrzewalska M, Roque A, Mello V, de Sousa K, et al. Assessment of a quantitative 5' nuclease real-time polymerase chain reaction using groEL gene for Ehrlichia and Anaplasma species in rodents in Brazil. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:646-656 pubmed publisher
    New genotypes of Anaplasmataceae agents have been detected in wild carnivores, birds and deer in Brazil. The present work aimed to investigate the presence of Ehrlichia and Anaplasma species in rodents sampled in Brazil...
  40. Dahmani M, Davoust B, Tahir D, Raoult D, Fenollar F, Mediannikov O. Molecular investigation and phylogeny of Anaplasmataceae species infecting domestic animals and ticks in Corsica, France. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:302 pubmed publisher
    ..The family Anaplasmataceae is a member of the order Rickettsiales; it includes the genera Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, Neorickettsia and ..
  41. Grindem C, Corbett W, Tomkins M. Risk factors for Haemobartonella felis infection in cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1990;196:96-9 pubmed
    ..The sex, breed, number of cats in the household, or presence of fleas were not significant factors, although ill male cats had a greater estimated relative risk for haemobartonellosis...
  42. Liesner J, Krucken J, Schaper R, Pachnicke S, Kohn B, Müller E, et al. Vector-borne pathogens in dogs and red foxes from the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany. Vet Parasitol. 2016;224:44-51 pubmed publisher
    ..DNA was analysed by PCR for the presence of filariae, piroplasms, anaplasmataceae and Rickettsia spp. Filariae were detected in six dogs (0.6%), two were positive for DNA from D...
  43. Davies G. Bovine petechial fever (Ondiri disease). Vet Microbiol. 1993;34:103-21 pubmed
    ..These and possibly other species, may serve as the amplifying and reservoir hosts...
  44. Messick J, Berent L, Cooper S. Development and evaluation of a PCR-based assay for detection of Haemobartonella felis in cats and differentiation of H. felis from related bacteria by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. J Clin Microbiol. 1998;36:462-6 pubmed
    ..felis from closely related bacteria was examined. This is the first report of the utility of PCR-facilitated diagnosis and discrimination of H. felis infection in cats...
  45. Reddy G, Sulsona C, Barbet A, Mahan S, Burridge M, Alleman A. Molecular characterization of a 28 kDa surface antigen gene family of the tribe Ehrlichiae. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998;247:636-43 pubmed
    ..Location of the epitopes at the variable regions and the presence of multigene family with only one expressed copy suggest a mechanism of immune evasion in these Ehrlichiae...
  46. Sashika M, Abe G, Matsumoto K, Inokuma H. Molecular survey of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia infections of feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Hokkaido, Japan. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11:349-54 pubmed publisher
    ..A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screen for Anaplasmataceae, based on 16S rRNA, showed that 38 (5.4%) of 699 raccoons examined were positive...
  47. Dowers K, Olver C, Radecki S, Lappin M. Use of enrofloxacin for treatment of large-form Haemobartonella felis in experimentally infected cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002;221:250-3 pubmed
    ..To compare treatment with enrofloxacin and doxycycline with no treatment in cats experimentally infected with Haemobartonella felis...
  48. Gokce H, Woldehiwet Z. Production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and reactive nitrogen intermediates by ovine peripheral blood leucocytes stimulated by Ehrlichia (Cytoecetes) phagocytophila. J Comp Pathol. 2002;126:202-11 pubmed
    ..phagocytophila, peak concentrations occurring at the peak period of rickettsiaemia. The addition of E. phagocytophila to cell cultures enhanced in-vitro production of TNF-alpha and nitric oxide by normal ovine PBMCs...
  49. Michel J, de Thoisy B, Contamin H. Chemotherapy of haemobartonellosis in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). J Med Primatol. 2000;29:85-7 pubmed
    ..However, we report here that such antibiotic therapy is often ineffective and that neoarsphenamine chemotherapy may be considered as an alternative to cure both latent and patent haemobartonellosis in S. sciureus monkeys...
  50. Mattioli R, Bah M, Reibel R, Jongejan F. Cowdria ruminantium antibodies in acaricide-treated and untreated cattle exposed to Amblyomma variegatum ticks in The Gambia. Exp Appl Acarol. 2000;24:957-69 pubmed
    ..002) in untreated animals than in previously treated cattle. These results provide a support for designing A. variegatum and heartwater control strategies, if necessary, in The Gambia in relation to cattle breeds...
  51. Messick J, Cooper S, Huntley M. Development and evaluation of a polymerase chain reaction assay using the 16S rRNA gene for detection of Eperythrozoon suis infection. J Vet Diagn Invest. 1999;11:229-36 pubmed
    ..suis based on the 16S rRNA gene. The PCR method developed will be useful in monitoring the progression and significance of E. suis in the disease process in the pig...
  52. Magnarelli L, Stafford K, Mather T, Yeh M, Horn K, Dumler J. Hemocytic rickettsia-like organisms in ticks: serologic reactivity with antisera to Ehrlichiae and detection of DNA of agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis by PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 1995;33:2710-4 pubmed
    ..canis and E. equi or between any of the ehrlichial reagents and those of R. rickettsii. The geographic distribution of hemocytic microorganisms with shared antigens to Ehrlichia species or spotted fever group rickettsiae is widespread...
  53. Huchzermeyer F, Horak I, Putterill J, Earlé R. Description of Aegyptianella botuliformis n. sp. (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) from the helmeted guineafowl, Numida meleagris. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 1992;59:97-101 pubmed
    Aegyptianella botuliformis n. sp. (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) isolated from helmeted guineafowls Numida meleagris from the Kruger National Park is described...
  54. Layfield D, Guilfoile P. The prevalence of Borrelia burgdorfieri (Spirochaetales: spirochaetaceae) and the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (Rickettsiaceae: Ehrlichieae) in Ixodes scapularis (Acari:Ixodidae) collected during 1998 and 1999 from Minnesota. J Med Entomol. 2002;39:218-20 pubmed
    ..Counties in Minnesota with established and recently reported populations of I. scapularis both had ticks infected with B. burgdorferi. The agent of HGE was only detected in counties with established I. scapularis populations...
  55. Brinson J, Messick J. Use of a polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of Haemobartonella canis in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2001;218:1943-5, 1936 pubmed
    ..The PCR assay used for detection of H felis may be useful for the detection of H canis in dogs prior to blood donation, splenectomy, or treatment with immunosuppressive drugs...
  56. Bobade P, Nash A. A comparative study of the efficiency of acridine orange and some Romanowsky staining procedures in the demonstration of Haemobartonella felis in feline blood. Vet Parasitol. 1987;26:169-72 pubmed
    ..Of the Romanowsky staining procedures, that of May-Grunwald-Giemsa was at least one and a half and about twice as efficient as the Giemsa and Leishman methods, respectively...
  57. Silaghi C, Woll D, Mahling M, Pfister K, Pfeffer M. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in rodents in an area with sympatric existence of the hard ticks Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus, Germany. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:285 pubmed publisher
    ..The aims of this study were to identify DNA of CNM in small mammals, the ticks parasitizing them and questing ticks in areas with sympatric existence of Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus in Germany...
  58. Rikihisa Y, Kawahara M, Wen B, Kociba G, Fuerst P, Kawamori F, et al. Western immunoblot analysis of Haemobartonella muris and comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences of H. muris, H. felis, and Eperythrozoon suis. J Clin Microbiol. 1997;35:823-9 pubmed
    ..79 to 83% similarity) than to Anaplasma marginale (72 to 75% similarity). Our results suggest that the Haemobartonella spp. and E. suis may be reclassified in the same genus in the family Mycoplasmataceae...
  59. Barker E, Langton D, Helps C, Brown G, Malik R, Shaw S, et al. Haemoparasites of free-roaming dogs associated with several remote Aboriginal communities in Australia. BMC Vet Res. 2012;8:55 pubmed publisher
    ..DNA was purified and PCR analyses for piroplasms, Anaplasmataceae family bacteria and haemoplasmas performed. Serum was analysed using a commercial haemoparasite ELISA...
  60. Desser S. The blood parasites of the spiny pocket mouse Liomys salvini (Thomas, 1893) from Costa Rica. J Parasitol. 2000;86:156-7 pubmed
    ..Sixty percent of the mice harbored Trypanosoma zeledoni, 5% an unnamed species of Hepatozoon, and 20% of the mice were infected with a species of Haemobartonella...
  61. Bartkowiak R, Huchzermeyer F, Potgieter F, Van Rensburg L, Labuschagne F, van Biljon B. Freeze-drying of Aegyptianella pullorum. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 1988;55:125-6 pubmed
    ..Infectivity was maintained throughout. However, the prepatent period was lengthened after freezing and particularly after lyophilization when there was some loss of viability...
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    ..On the basis of these findings and other morphological, biological, and serological characteristics of the organism, we propose that ehrlichiae with these properties belong to a new species, Ehrlichia muris...
  63. Earlé R, Horak I, Huchzermeyer F, Bennett G, Braack L, Penzhorn B. The prevalence of blood parasites in helmeted guineafowls, Numida meleagris, in the Kruger National Park. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 1991;58:145-7 pubmed
    ..H. pratasi and L. neavei, the three most commonly occurring parasites (42%, 49% and 56% of birds infected respectively), is probably dependent on the presence of their respective vectors...
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    ..Phylogenetic analyses based on the partial groEL and nearly entire 16S rRNA gene sequences of the agent revealed genetic diversity, which was correlated with its geographic origins...
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  66. Clark P, Foster S, Spencer P. Detection of Haemobartonella felis (Candidatus Mycoplasma haemofelis) in Australia that is similar to the 'Ohio' strain. Aust Vet J. 2002;80:703-4; discussion 704 pubmed
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    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of oesophageal strictures associated with oral administration of tetracyclines in a cat in the UK...
  68. Tasker S, Helps C, Belford C, Birtles R, Day M, Sparkes A, et al. 16S rDNA comparison demonstrates near identity between an United Kingdom Haemobartonella felis strain and the American California strain. Vet Microbiol. 2001;81:73-8 pubmed
    ..Using this approach, an UK strain was characterised, providing an identity for a non-USA H. felis for the first time. This strain shared close phylogenetic homology with the USA Californian strain...
  69. Lin M, Zhang C, Gibson K, Rikihisa Y. Analysis of complete genome sequence of Neorickettsia risticii: causative agent of Potomac horse fever. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009;37:6076-91 pubmed publisher
    ..risticii and N. sennetsu. Four-way comparison of genes among N. risticii and other Anaplasmataceae showed that most genes are either shared among Anaplasmataceae (525 orthologs that generally associated with ..
  70. Jensen W, Lappin M, Kamkar S, Reagan W. Use of a polymerase chain reaction assay to detect and differentiate two strains of Haemobartonella felis in naturally infected cats. Am J Vet Res. 2001;62:604-8 pubmed
    ..felis-OH) and the California strain of H. felis (H. felis-CA) and to apply the assay to blood samples from cats with and without suspected haemobartonellosis (suspect and control cats, respectively)...
  71. Hill T, Odesnik B. Omentalisation of perinephric pseudocysts in a cat. J Small Anim Pract. 2000;41:115-8 pubmed
    ..Perirenal fluid was not detected at clinical and ultrasound follow-up examinations 14 days and seven months postoperatively. Mild azotaemia and refractory Haemobartonella infection were, however, still present...
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    ..These data suggest that one or more of these antigens might be useful for the serologic diagnosis of H. felis infections in cats...
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    quot;Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" (Anaplasmataceae) is an emerging pathogen transmitted by Ixodes ticks...
  75. Pangrácová L, Derdakova M, Pekárik L, Hviščová I, Vichova B, Stanko M, et al. Ixodes ricinus abundance and its infection with the tick-borne pathogens in urban and suburban areas of Eastern Slovakia. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:238 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim was to study the abundance of ticks in correlation with the environmental factors and their infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Neoehrlichia mikurensis...
  76. Nakao R, Amin Babjee S, Maizatul A, Youn J, Qiu Y, Sugimoto C, et al. Molecular screening for Rickettsia, Anaplasmataceae and Coxiella burnetii in Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks from Malaysia. Trop Biomed. 2015;32:390-8 pubmed
    ..A total of 44 Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks collected from 23 dogs from Malaysia were screened for Rickettsia, Anaplasmataceae and Coxiella burnetii...
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    ..Patients commonly have elevated liver transaminases early in the course of illness as well as leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. If not diagnosed and treated in a timely fashion, ehrlichiosis can progress to multiorgan failure...
  78. Berent L, Messick J, Cooper S, Cusick P. Specific in situ hybridization of Haemobartonella felis with a DNA probe and tyramide signal amplification. Vet Pathol. 2000;37:47-53 pubmed
    ..felis-infected cat. This in situ hybridization study is the final step in fulfilling the molecular guidelines for disease causation and proves that H. felis, a mycoplasmal organism, is the causative agent of feline infectious anemia...
  79. De La Fuente J, Blouin E, Kocan K. Infection exclusion of the rickettsial pathogen anaplasma marginale in the tick vector Dermacentor variabilis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2003;10:182-4 pubmed
    ..These studies demonstrate that infection exclusion of A. marginale genotypes also occurs in naturally infected ticks, as well as in cattle and cultured tick cells, and results in establishment of only one genotype per tick...
  80. George J, Rideout B, Griffey S, Pedersen N. Effect of preexisting FeLV infection or FeLV and feline immunodeficiency virus coinfection on pathogenicity of the small variant of Haemobartonella felis in cats. Am J Vet Res. 2002;63:1172-8 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effects of preexisting FeLV infection or FeLV and feline immunodeficiency (FIV) coinfection on the pathogenicity of the small variant of Haemobartonella felis (Hfsm, California variant) in cats...
  81. Zhang C, Rikihisa Y. Proposal to transfer 'Aegyptianella ranarum', an intracellular bacterium of frog red blood cells, to the family Flavobacteriaceae as 'Candidatus Hemobacterium ranarum' comb. nov. Environ Microbiol. 2004;6:568-73 pubmed
    ..We propose to classify 'Aegyptianella ranarum' as 'Candidatus Hemobacterium ranarum' in the family Flavobacteriaceae. Our results provide a starting point for studies of related intraerythrocytic bacterial infections in frogs...