clostridium

Summary

Summary: A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.

Top Publications

  1. Rafii F, Park M. Detection and characterization of an ABC transporter in Clostridium hathewayi. Arch Microbiol. 2008;190:417-26 pubmed publisher
    An ABC transporter gene from Clostridium hathewayi is characterized. It has duplicated ATPase domains in addition to a transmembrane protein...
  2. Khanna S, Goyal A, Moholkar V. Effect of fermentation parameters on bio-alcohols production from glycerol using immobilized Clostridium pasteurianum: an optimization study. Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2013;43:828-47 pubmed publisher
    ..form) into three value-added products, namely, ethanol, butanol, and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), by immobilized Clostridium pasteurianum and thereby addresses the statistical optimization of this process...
  3. Petit E, Latouf W, Coppi M, Warnick T, Currie D, Romashko I, et al. Involvement of a bacterial microcompartment in the metabolism of fucose and rhamnose by Clostridium phytofermentans. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54337 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium phytofermentans, an anaerobic soil bacterium, can directly convert plant biomass into biofuels. The genome of C...
  4. Hope V, Palmateer N, Wiessing L, Marongiu A, White J, Ncube F, et al. A decade of spore-forming bacterial infections among European injecting drug users: pronounced regional variation. Am J Public Health. 2012;102:122-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We collated the numbers of cases of 4 bacterial illnesses (botulism, tetanus, Clostridium novyi, and anthrax) in European IDUs for 2000 to 2009 and calculated population rates...
  5. Moon C, Lee C, Sang B, Um Y. Optimization of medium compositions favoring butanol and 1,3-propanediol production from glycerol by Clostridium pasteurianum. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:10561-8 pubmed publisher
    Medium compositions favoring butanol and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) production from glycerol by Clostridium pasteurianum DSM525 were investigated using statistical experimental designs...
  6. Vermeiren J, Van den Abbeele P, Laukens D, Vigsnaes L, De Vos M, Boon N, et al. Decreased colonization of fecal Clostridium coccoides/Eubacterium rectale species from ulcerative colitis patients in an in vitro dynamic gut model with mucin environment. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2012;79:685-96 pubmed publisher
    ..community analysis of those microbial groups known to produce butyrate revealed that the diversity of the Clostridium coccoides/Eubacterium rectale and Clostridium leptum group, and counts of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii were ..
  7. Nagano Y, Itoh K, Honda K. The induction of Treg cells by gut-indigenous Clostridium. Curr Opin Immunol. 2012;24:392-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The presence of the gut microbiota, particularly the Clostridium species, affects the development and function of Treg cells...
  8. Liu J, Tan Y, Yang X, Chen X, Li F. Evaluation of Clostridium ljungdahlii DSM 13528 reference genes in gene expression studies by qRT-PCR. J Biosci Bioeng. 2013;116:460-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium ljungdahlii DSM 13528 is a promising platform organism for biofuel production from syngas...
  9. Jensen T, Kvist T, Mikkelsen M, Christensen P, Westermann P. Fermentation of crude glycerol from biodiesel production by Clostridium pasteurianum. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;39:709-17 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium pasteurianum can utilize glycerol as the sole carbon source for the production of butanol and 1,3-propanediol...

More Information

Publications69

  1. Taylor R, Dunn M, Ogden L, Jefferies L, Eggett D, Steele F. Conditions associated with Clostridium sporogenes growth as a surrogate for Clostridium botulinum in nonthermally processed canned butter. J Dairy Sci. 2013;96:2754-64 pubmed publisher
    ..was to better understand the effect of butter composition and emulsion structure on growth and survival of Clostridium sporogenes, used as a surrogate for C. botulinum in canned butter...
  2. He Q, Hemme C, Jiang H, He Z, Zhou J. Mechanisms of enhanced cellulosic bioethanol fermentation by co-cultivation of Clostridium and Thermoanaerobacter spp. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:9586-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Co-cultures of cellulolytic Clostridium thermocellum with non-cellulolytic Thermoanaerobacter strains (X514 and 39E) significantly improved ethanol ..
  3. Nihira T, Nakai H, Kitaoka M. 3-O-?-D-glucopyranosyl-L-rhamnose phosphorylase from Clostridium phytofermentans. Carbohydr Res. 2012;350:94-7 pubmed publisher
    ..of phosphorylase catalyzed by a protein (Cphy1019) belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 65 (GH65) from Clostridium phytofermentans...
  4. Patáková P, Linhová M, Rychtera M, Paulová L, Melzoch K. Novel and neglected issues of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation by clostridia: Clostridium metabolic diversity, tools for process mapping and continuous fermentation systems. Biotechnol Adv. 2013;31:58-67 pubmed publisher
    ..ABE) fermentation by solventogenic clostridia cannot be limited to research on the strain Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824...
  5. Jain A, Morlok C, Henson J. Comparison of solid-state and submerged-state fermentation for the bioprocessing of switchgrass to ethanol and acetate by Clostridium phytofermentans. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;97:905-17 pubmed publisher
    ..compares the use of solid-state versus submerged-state fermentation using the mesophilic anaerobic bacterium Clostridium phytofermentans in the conversion of switchgrass to the end products of ethanol, acetate, and hydrogen...
  6. Wang S, Huang H, Kahnt J, Mueller A, Köpke M, Thauer R. NADP-specific electron-bifurcating [FeFe]-hydrogenase in a functional complex with formate dehydrogenase in Clostridium autoethanogenum grown on CO. J Bacteriol. 2013;195:4373-86 pubmed publisher
    ..The complex was found in high concentrations (6% of the cytoplasmic proteins) in the acetogenic Clostridium autoethanogenum autotrophically grown on CO, which was fermented to acetate, ethanol, and 2,3-butanediol...
  7. Malaviya A, Jang Y, Lee S. Continuous butanol production with reduced byproducts formation from glycerol by a hyper producing mutant of Clostridium pasteurianum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:1485-94 pubmed publisher
    ..First, a hyper butanol producing strain of Clostridium pasteurianum was isolated by chemical mutagenesis. The best mutant strain, C...
  8. Brown A, Brooks J, Karunasena E, Echeverry A, Laury A, Brashears M. Inhibition of?Escherichia coli?O157:H7 and?Clostridium sporogenes?in spinach packaged in modified atmospheres after treatment combined with chlorine and lactic acid bacteria. J Food Sci. 2011;76:M427-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Spinach was coinoculated with?E. coli?O157:H7 and?Clostridium sporogenes, a surrogate for?C...
  9. Li Y, Huang F, Liu L, Qiao H, Li Y, Cheng H. Effect of oral feeding with Clostridium leptum on regulatory T-cell responses and allergic airway inflammation in mice. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2012;109:201-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies have reported that inoculation of indigenous Clostridium species in the early lives of mice can induce Tregs that colonize the colon...
  10. Venkataramanan K, Boatman J, Kurniawan Y, Taconi K, Bothun G, Scholz C. Impact of impurities in biodiesel-derived crude glycerol on the fermentation by Clostridium pasteurianum ATCC 6013. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:1325-35 pubmed publisher
    During the production of biodiesel, crude glycerol is produced as a byproduct at 10% (w/w). Clostridium pasteurianum has the inherent potential to grow on glycerol and produce 1,3-propanediol and butanol as the major products...
  11. Garde S, Avila M, Arias R, Gaya P, Nunez M. Outgrowth inhibition of Clostridium beijerinckii spores by a bacteriocin-producing lactic culture in ovine milk cheese. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011;150:59-65 pubmed publisher
    In the manufacture of model cheeses, ovine milk was deliberately contaminated with spores of Clostridium beijerinckii INIA 63, a wild isolate from Manchego cheese with late blowing defect, and inoculated with nisin- and lacticin 481-..
  12. Varrin Doyer M, Spencer C, Schulze Topphoff U, Nelson P, Stroud R, Cree B, et al. Aquaporin 4-specific T cells in neuromyelitis optica exhibit a Th17 bias and recognize Clostridium ABC transporter. Ann Neurol. 2012;72:53-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Our goal was to identify and characterize AQP4-specific T cells in NMO patients and healthy controls (HC)...
  13. Nakayama S, Kiyoshi K, Kadokura T, Nakazato A. Butanol production from crystalline cellulose by cocultured Clostridium thermocellum and Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:6470-5 pubmed publisher
    We investigated butanol production from crystalline cellulose by cocultured cellulolytic Clostridium thermocellum and the butanol-producing strain, Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum (strain N1-4)...
  14. Cornish A, Gärtner K, Yang H, Peters J, Hegg E. Mechanism of proton transfer in [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium pasteurianum. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:38341-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously, structural characterization of [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium pasteurianum indicated a potential proton transport pathway involving four residues (Cys-299, Glu-279, Ser-319, ..
  15. Chang J, Shin S, Chun J, Lee J, Seo J. Pyrosequencing-based molecular monitoring of the intestinal bacterial colonization in preterm infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011;53:512-9 pubmed publisher
  16. Tuovinen E, Keto J, Nikkilä J, Mättö J, Lähteenmäki K. Cytokine response of human mononuclear cells induced by intestinal Clostridium species. Anaerobe. 2013;19:70-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Although Clostridium species are major inhabitants of the intestinal tract, their interaction with the host immunological system is ..
  17. Leang C, Ueki T, Nevin K, Lovley D. A genetic system for Clostridium ljungdahlii: a chassis for autotrophic production of biocommodities and a model homoacetogen. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013;79:1102-9 pubmed publisher
    Methods for genetic manipulation of Clostridium ljungdahlii are of interest because of the potential for production of fuels and other biocommodities from carbon dioxide via microbial electrosynthesis or more traditional modes of ..
  18. Köpke M, Mihalcea C, Liew F, Tizard J, ALI M, Conolly J, et al. 2,3-butanediol production by acetogenic bacteria, an alternative route to chemical synthesis, using industrial waste gas. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:5467-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we present evidence of 23BD production by three nonpathogenic acetogenic Clostridium species-Clostridium autoethanogenum, C. ljungdahlii, and C...
  19. Ouephanit C, Virunanon C, Burapatana V, Chulalaksananukul W. Butanol and ethanol production from tapioca starch wastewater by Clostridium spp. Water Sci Technol. 2011;64:1774-80 pubmed publisher
    ..with a view to evaluate their potential as substrates for solvent production by ABE fermentation with Clostridium spp. Starch was detected at a 1.63-fold higher level in the TWW than that in the TSWW (24.4% and 15...
  20. Tremblay P, Zhang T, Dar S, Leang C, Lovley D. The Rnf complex of Clostridium ljungdahlii is a proton-translocating ferredoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase essential for autotrophic growth. MBio. 2012;4:e00406-12 pubmed publisher
    It has been predicted that the Rnf complex of Clostridium ljungdahlii is a proton-translocating ferredoxin:NAD(+) oxidoreductase which contributes to ATP synthesis by an H(+)-translocating ATPase under both autotrophic and heterotrophic ..
  21. Kaur G, Srivastava A, Chand S. Simple strategy of repeated batch cultivation for enhanced production of 1,3-propanediol using Clostridium diolis. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012;167:1061-8 pubmed publisher
    Repeated batch cultivation (empty-and-fill protocol) using obligate anaerobe Clostridium diolis was attempted in the present study to improve the production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD)...
  22. Kuehne S, Heap J, Cooksley C, Cartman S, Minton N. ClosTron-mediated engineering of Clostridium. Methods Mol Biol. 2011;765:389-407 pubmed publisher
    The genus Clostridium is a diverse assemblage of Gram positive, anaerobic, endospore-forming bacteria. Whilst certain species have achieved notoriety as important animal and human pathogens (e.g...
  23. Marvaud J, Mory F, Lambert T. Clostridium clostridioforme and Atopobium minutum clinical isolates with vanB-type resistance in France. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:3436-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the emergence of VanB-type resistance in Clostridium clostridioforme and Atopobium minutum involved in human infections in France.
  24. Papatheodorou P, Wilczek C, Nölke T, Guttenberg G, Hornuss D, Schwan C, et al. Identification of the cellular receptor of Clostridium spiroforme toxin. Infect Immun. 2012;80:1418-23 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium spiroforme produces the binary actin-ADP-ribosylating toxin CST (C. spiroforme toxin), which has been proposed to be responsible for diarrhea, enterocolitis, and eventually death, especially in rabbits...
  25. Ridlon J, Hylemon P. Identification and characterization of two bile acid coenzyme A transferases from Clostridium scindens, a bile acid 7?-dehydroxylating intestinal bacterium. J Lipid Res. 2012;53:66-76 pubmed publisher
    ..We have previously described a multistep biochemical pathway in Clostridium scindens that is responsible for bile acid 7?-dehydroxylation...
  26. Li L, Taghavi S, Izquierdo J, Van Der Lelie D. Complete genome sequence of Clostridium sp. strain BNL1100, a cellulolytic mesophile isolated from corn stover. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:6982-3 pubmed publisher
    We present the full genome sequence of Clostridium sp. strain BNL1100, a Gram-positive, endospore-forming, lignocellulolytic bacterium isolated from a corn stover enrichment culture...
  27. Tan Y, Liu J, Chen X, Zheng H, Li F. RNA-seq-based comparative transcriptome analysis of the syngas-utilizing bacterium Clostridium ljungdahlii DSM 13528 grown autotrophically and heterotrophically. Mol Biosyst. 2013;9:2775-84 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium ljungdahlii DSM 13528 represents a promising platform organism for production of a whole variety of different biofuels and biochemicals from syngas...
  28. Mayer M, Gasson M, Narbad A. Genomic sequence of bacteriophage ATCC 8074-B1 and activity of its endolysin and engineered variants against Clostridium sporogenes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:3685-92 pubmed publisher
    Lytic bacteriophage ATCC 8074-B1 produces large plaques on its host Clostridium sporogenes...
  29. Brown J, Tran Dinh N, Chapman B. Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679 and its uses in the derivation of thermal processing schedules for low-acid shelf-stable foods and as a research model for proteolytic Clostridium botulinum. J Food Prot. 2012;75:779-92 pubmed publisher
    The putrefactive anaerobe Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679 has been widely used as a nontoxigenic surrogate for proteolytic Clostridium botulinum in the validation of thermal processes for low-acid shelf-stable foods, as a target organism ..
  30. Bassi D, Cappa F, Cocconcelli P. Array-based transcriptional analysis of Clostridium sporogenes UC9000 during germination, cell outgrowth and vegetative life. Food Microbiol. 2013;33:11-23 pubmed publisher
    The members of the genus Clostridium, including the spore-forming anaerobic bacteria, have a complex and strictly regulated life cycle, but very little is known about the genetic pathways involved in the different stages of their life ..
  31. Van den Abbeele P, Belzer C, Goossens M, Kleerebezem M, de Vos W, Thas O, et al. Butyrate-producing Clostridium cluster XIVa species specifically colonize mucins in an in vitro gut model. ISME J. 2013;7:949-61 pubmed publisher
    ..and Proteobacteria were enriched in the luminal content while Firmicutes rather colonized the mucin layer, with Clostridium cluster XIVa accounting for almost 60% of the mucin-adhered microbiota...
  32. Pequegnat B, Sagermann M, Valliani M, Toh M, Chow H, Allen Vercoe E, et al. A vaccine and diagnostic target for Clostridium bolteae, an autism-associated bacterium. Vaccine. 2013;31:2787-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment with antibiotics against bacteria appears to partially alleviate autistic-related symptoms. Clostridium bolteae is a bacterium that has been shown to be overabundant in the intestinal tract of autistic children ..
  33. Ishimori T, Takahashi K, Goto M, Nakagawa S, Kasai Y, Konagaya Y, et al. Synergistic effects of high hydrostatic pressure, mild heating, and amino acids on germination and inactivation of Clostridium sporogenes spores. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:8202-7 pubmed publisher
    The synergistic effects of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP), mild heating, and amino acids on the germination of Clostridium sporogenes spores were examined by determining the number of surviving spores that returned to vegetative growth ..
  34. Kabeerdoss J, Sankaran V, Pugazhendhi S, Ramakrishna B. Clostridium leptum group bacteria abundance and diversity in the fecal microbiota of patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study in India. BMC Gastroenterol. 2013;13:20 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the abundance and diversity of Clostridium leptum group, an important group of carbohydrate-fermenting bacteria, in the feces of patients with IBD and ..
  35. Mackin K, Carter G, Howarth P, Rood J, Lyras D. Spo0A differentially regulates toxin production in evolutionarily diverse strains of Clostridium difficile. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e79666 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium difficile is an important pathogen of humans and animals, representing a significant global healthcare problem...
  36. Ukpong M, Atiyeh H, De Lorme M, Liu K, Zhu X, Tanner R, et al. Physiological response of Clostridium carboxidivorans during conversion of synthesis gas to solvents in a gas-fed bioreactor. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2012;109:2720-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium carboxidivorans P7 is one of three microbial catalysts capable of fermenting synthesis gas (mainly CO, CO(2) , and H(2) ) to produce the liquid biofuels ethanol and butanol...
  37. Behnken S, Hertweck C. Cryptic polyketide synthase genes in non-pathogenic Clostridium SPP. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29609 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we explored the diversity and distribution of PKS genes in the genus Clostridium. In addition to comparative genomic analyses combined with predictions of modular type I polyketide synthase (..
  38. Sczesnak A, Segata N, Qin X, Gevers D, Petrosino J, Huttenhower C, et al. The genome of th17 cell-inducing segmented filamentous bacteria reveals extensive auxotrophy and adaptations to the intestinal environment. Cell Host Microbe. 2011;10:260-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparative analyses reveal that SFB are functionally related to members of the genus Clostridium and several pathogenic or commensal "minimal" genera, including Finegoldia, Mycoplasma, Borrelia, and ..
  39. Nihira T, Nakai H, Chiku K, Kitaoka M. Discovery of nigerose phosphorylase from Clostridium phytofermentans. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:1513-22 pubmed publisher
    A novel phosphorylase from Clostridium phytofermentans belonging to the glycoside hydrolase family (GH) 65 (Cphy1874) was characterized...
  40. Huang W, Lee W, Chang T, Ou T, Lam C. Emphysematous cholecystitis complicating liver abscess due to Clostridium baratii infection. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2012;45:390-2 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium baratii bacteremia is a rare but severe anaerobic infection. Its major clinical features are neurological presentation, and significant risk factors include hemodialysis, intestinal disease or malignancy...
  41. Bradbury M, Greenfield P, Midgley D, Li D, Tran Dinh N, Vriesekoop F, et al. Draft genome sequence of Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679, the common nontoxigenic surrogate for proteolytic Clostridium botulinum. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:1631-2 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679 is widely used as a nontoxigenic surrogate for proteolytic strains of Clostridium botulinum in the derivation and validation of thermal processes in food...
  42. Tseng S, Abramzon N, Jackson J, Lin W. Gas discharge plasmas are effective in inactivating Bacillus and Clostridium spores. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:2563-70 pubmed publisher
    ..radio-frequency cold plasma jet was used to examine its sporicidal effect on selected strains of Bacillus and Clostridium. The species tested included Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus stearothermophilus, Clostridium sporogenes, ..
  43. Al Hinai M, Fast A, Papoutsakis E. Novel system for efficient isolation of Clostridium double-crossover allelic exchange mutants enabling markerless chromosomal gene deletions and DNA integration. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:8112-21 pubmed publisher
    Isolation of Clostridium mutants based on gene replacement via allelic exchange remains a major limitation for this important genus...
  44. Yokoyama S, Oshima K, Nomura I, Hattori M, Suzuki T. Complete genomic sequence of the O-desmethylangolensin-producing bacterium Clostridium rRNA cluster XIVa strain SY8519, isolated from adult human intestine. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:5568-9 pubmed publisher
    The O-desmethylangolensin-producing Clostridium rRNA cluster XIVa strain SY8519 was isolated from the intestinal flora of a healthy human as a key isoflavonoid-metabolizing bacterium...
  45. Baba S, Tashiro Y, Shinto H, Sonomoto K. Development of high-speed and highly efficient butanol production systems from butyric acid with high density of living cells of Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum. J Biotechnol. 2012;157:605-12 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated various butanol production systems with high density of living cells of Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 supplemented with methyl viologen (MV) as an electron carrier and nutrient ..
  46. Kao W, Lin D, Cheng C, Chen B, Lin C, Chang J. Enhancing butanol production with Clostridium pasteurianum CH4 using sequential glucose-glycerol addition and simultaneous dual-substrate cultivation strategies. Bioresour Technol. 2013;135:324-30 pubmed publisher
    Adding butyrate significantly enhanced butanol production from glycerol with Clostridium pasteurianum CH4, which predominantly produces butyrate (instead of butanol) when grown on glucose...
  47. Kalia V, Mukherjee T, Bhushan A, Joshi J, Shankar P, Huma N. Analysis of the unexplored features of rrs (16S rDNA) of the Genus Clostridium. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:18 pubmed publisher
    ..Within the large bacterial community, Clostridium represents a large genus of around 110 species of significant biotechnological and medical importance...
  48. Maukonen J, Mättö J, Suihko M, Saarela M. Intra-individual diversity and similarity of salivary and faecal microbiota. J Med Microbiol. 2008;57:1560-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The predominant bacterial microbiota, Clostridium coccoides-Eubacterium rectale group and bifidobacterial populations, were generally stable in salivary and ..
  49. Westerbeek E, van den Berg A, Lafeber H, Knol J, Fetter W, van Elburg R. The intestinal bacterial colonisation in preterm infants: a review of the literature. Clin Nutr. 2006;25:361-8 pubmed
    ..As antibiotics delay the normal intestinal colonisation, caution should be given to the treatment with broadspectrum antibiotics in preterm infants at birth and every attempt has to be made to restrict the period of treatment. ..
  50. Mariat D, Firmesse O, Levenez F, Guimarăes V, Sokol H, Dore J, et al. The Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio of the human microbiota changes with age. BMC Microbiol. 2009;9:123 pubmed publisher
    ..The counts of major bacterial groups Clostridium leptum, Clostridium coccoides, Bacteroidetes, Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and Escherichia coli were assessed ..
  51. Hemme C, Mouttaki H, Lee Y, Zhang G, Goodwin L, Lucas S, et al. Sequencing of multiple clostridial genomes related to biomass conversion and biofuel production. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:6494-6 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Clostridium species have long been recognized as ideal candidates for processes involving biomass conversion and production ..
  52. Tamura M, Tsushida T, Shinohara K. Isolation of an isoflavone-metabolizing, Clostridium-like bacterium, strain TM-40, from human faeces. Anaerobe. 2007;13:32-5 pubmed
    ..The 16S rRNA partial sequence of strain TM-40 (AB249652) exhibited a 93% similarity to that of Coprobacillus catenaformis (AB030218). This strain seems to be a new species. ..
  53. Furet J, Kong L, Tap J, Poitou C, Basdevant A, Bouillot J, et al. Differential adaptation of human gut microbiota to bariatric surgery-induced weight loss: links with metabolic and low-grade inflammation markers. Diabetes. 2010;59:3049-57 pubmed publisher
    ..We analyzed the impact of RYGB on the modifications of gut microbiota and examined links with adaptations associated with this procedure...
  54. Bayer E, Lamed R, White B, Flint H. From cellulosomes to cellulosomics. Chem Rec. 2008;8:364-77 pubmed publisher
    ..cellulolytic bacteria, the first example of which was discovered in the anaerobic thermophilic bacterium, Clostridium thermocellum...
  55. Bowman K, Rainey F, Moe W. Production of hydrogen by Clostridium species in the presence of chlorinated solvents. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2009;290:188-94 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, 18 Clostridium strains including nine uncharacterized isolates originating from chlorinated solvent contaminated groundwater ..
  56. Ramlachan N, Anderson R, Andrews K, Laban G, Nisbet D. Characterization of an antibiotic resistant Clostridium hathewayi strain from a continuous-flow exclusion chemostat culture derived from the cecal contents of a feral pig. Anaerobe. 2007;13:153-60 pubmed
    ..strains of antibiotic-sensitive bacteria were isolated including Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Clostridium sp...
  57. Theys J, Pennington O, Dubois L, Anlezark G, Vaughan T, Mengesha A, et al. Repeated cycles of Clostridium-directed enzyme prodrug therapy result in sustained antitumour effects in vivo. Br J Cancer. 2006;95:1212-9 pubmed
    ..Although several recombinant Clostridium species have been generated during the past decade, their efficacy has been limited...
  58. Yang W, Ponce A. Validation of a Clostridium endospore viability assay and analysis of Greenland ices and Atacama Desert soils. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:2352-8 pubmed publisher
    A microscopy-based endospore viability assay (micro-EVA) capable of enumerating germinable Clostridium endospores (GCEs) in less than 30 min has been validated and employed to determine GCE concentrations in Greenland ices and Atacama ..
  59. Köpke M, Held C, Hujer S, Liesegang H, Wiezer A, Wollherr A, et al. Clostridium ljungdahlii represents a microbial production platform based on syngas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:13087-92 pubmed publisher
    b>Clostridium ljungdahlii is an anaerobic homoacetogen, able to ferment sugars, other organic compounds, or CO(2)/H(2) and synthesis gas (CO/H(2))...
  60. Heffron A, Poxton I. A PCR approach to determine the distribution of toxin genes in closely related Clostridium species: Clostridium botulinum type C and D neurotoxins and C2 toxin, and Clostridium novyi alpha toxin. J Med Microbiol. 2007;56:196-201 pubmed
    The closely related Clostridium novyi and Clostridium botulinum types C and D are of current interest because of their association with serious infections in injecting drug users (C. novyi type A) and equine and feline dysautonomias (C...