prochlorococcus

Summary

Summary: A genus of marine planktonic CYANOBACTERIA in the order PROCHLOROPHYTES. They lack PHYCOBILISOMES and contain divinyl CHLOROPHYLL, a and b.

Top Publications

  1. Henn M, Sullivan M, Stange Thomann N, Osburne M, Berlin A, Kelly L, et al. Analysis of high-throughput sequencing and annotation strategies for phage genomes. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9083 pubmed publisher
    ..These DNA preparation, sequencing and annotation strategies enable a high-throughput approach to the burgeoning field of phage genomics. ..
  2. Axmann I, Dühring U, Seeliger L, Arnold A, Vanselow J, Kramer A, et al. Biochemical evidence for a timing mechanism in prochlorococcus. J Bacteriol. 2009;191:5342-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, a group of very abundant cyanobacteria, namely, marine Prochlorococcus species, lost the third oscillator component, KaiA, during evolution...
  3. Sher D, Thompson J, Kashtan N, Croal L, Chisholm S. Response of Prochlorococcus ecotypes to co-culture with diverse marine bacteria. ISME J. 2011;5:1125-32 pubmed publisher
    ..co-cultures between two ecologically distinct, yet closely related, strains of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus and hundreds of heterotrophic marine bacteria...
  4. Rusch D, Martiny A, Dupont C, Halpern A, Venter J. Characterization of Prochlorococcus clades from iron-depleted oceanic regions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:16184-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Prochlorococcus describes a diverse and abundant genus of marine photosynthetic microbes. It is primarily found in oligotrophic waters across the globe and plays a crucial role in energy and nutrient cycling in the ocean ecosystem...
  5. Bailey S, Clokie M, Millard A, Mann N. Cyanophage infection and photoinhibition in marine cyanobacteria. Res Microbiol. 2004;155:720-5 pubmed
    Members of two cyanobacterial genera, Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus, are dominant within the prokaryotic component of the picophytoplankton and contribute significantly to global photosynthetic productivity...
  6. Dammeyer T, Bagby S, Sullivan M, Chisholm S, Frankenberg Dinkel N. Efficient phage-mediated pigment biosynthesis in oceanic cyanobacteria. Curr Biol. 2008;18:442-8 pubmed publisher
    Although the oceanic cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus harvests light with a chlorophyll antenna [1-3] rather than with the phycobilisomes that are typical of cyanobacteria, some strains express genes that are remnants of the ancestral ..
  7. Hellweger F. Carrying photosynthesis genes increases ecological fitness of cyanophage in silico. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:1386-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The model is calibrated to the available database for Prochlorococcus ecotype MED4 and podovirus P-SSP7...
  8. Marais G, Calteau A, Tenaillon O. Mutation rate and genome reduction in endosymbiotic and free-living bacteria. Genetica. 2008;134:205-10 pubmed
    ..For at least one of them (Prochlorococcus), genome reduction is associated with accelerated evolution and we suggest an alternative hypothesis based on ..
  9. Malmstrom R, Rodrigue S, Huang K, Kelly L, Kern S, Thompson A, et al. Ecology of uncultured Prochlorococcus clades revealed through single-cell genomics and biogeographic analysis. ISME J. 2013;7:184-98 pubmed publisher
    b>Prochlorococcus is the numerically dominant photosynthetic organism throughout much of the world's oceans, yet little is known about the ecology and genetic diversity of populations inhabiting tropical waters...

More Information

Publications89

  1. Garczarek L, Dufresne A, Rousvoal S, West N, Mazard S, Marie D, et al. High vertical and low horizontal diversity of Prochlorococcus ecotypes in the Mediterranean Sea in summer. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2007;60:189-206 pubmed
    Natural populations of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus exist as two main ecotypes, inhabiting different layers of the ocean's photic zone...
  2. Weigele P, Pope W, Pedulla M, Houtz J, Smith A, Conway J, et al. Genomic and structural analysis of Syn9, a cyanophage infecting marine Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus. Environ Microbiol. 2007;9:1675-95 pubmed
    ..bacteriophage infecting the widespread, numerically dominant marine cyanobacteria of the genera Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus. Its 177,300 bp genome sequence encodes 226 putative proteins and six tRNAs...
  3. Sullivan M, Huang K, Ignacio Espinoza J, Berlin A, Kelly L, Weigele P, et al. Genomic analysis of oceanic cyanobacterial myoviruses compared with T4-like myoviruses from diverse hosts and environments. Environ Microbiol. 2010;12:3035-56 pubmed publisher
    ..non-cyanobacterial myoviruses, and 16 from marine cyanobacterial myoviruses (cyanophages) isolated on diverse Prochlorococcus or Synechococcus hosts...
  4. Martiny A, Coleman M, Chisholm S. Phosphate acquisition genes in Prochlorococcus ecotypes: evidence for genome-wide adaptation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:12552-7 pubmed publisher
    The cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the numerically dominant phototroph in the oligotrophic oceans...
  5. Zinser E, Coe A, Johnson Z, Martiny A, Fuller N, Scanlan D, et al. Prochlorococcus ecotype abundances in the North Atlantic Ocean as revealed by an improved quantitative PCR method. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:723-32 pubmed
    The cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus numerically dominates the photosynthetic community in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world's oceans...
  6. Steglich C, Futschik M, Rector T, Steen R, Chisholm S. Genome-wide analysis of light sensing in Prochlorococcus. J Bacteriol. 2006;188:7796-806 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus MED4 has, with a total of only 1,716 annotated protein-coding genes, the most compact genome of a free-living photoautotroph...
  7. Zinser E, Lindell D, Johnson Z, Futschik M, Steglich C, Coleman M, et al. Choreography of the transcriptome, photophysiology, and cell cycle of a minimal photoautotroph, prochlorococcus. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e5135 pubmed publisher
    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus MED4 has the smallest genome and cell size of all known photosynthetic organisms...
  8. Enav H, Beja O, Mandel Gutfreund Y. Cyanophage tRNAs may have a role in cross-infectivity of oceanic Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus hosts. ISME J. 2012;6:619-28 pubmed publisher
    Marine cyanobacteria of the genera Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus are the most abundant photosynthetic prokaryotes in oceanic environments, and are key contributors to global CO(2) fixation, chlorophyll biomass and primary production...
  9. Sharon I, Alperovitch A, Rohwer F, Haynes M, Glaser F, Atamna Ismaeel N, et al. Photosystem I gene cassettes are present in marine virus genomes. Nature. 2009;461:258-262 pubmed publisher
    Cyanobacteria of the Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus genera are important contributors to photosynthetic productivity in the open oceans...
  10. ROBERTS E, Cai F, Kerfeld C, Cannon G, Heinhorst S. Isolation and characterization of the Prochlorococcus carboxysome reveal the presence of the novel shell protein CsoS1D. J Bacteriol. 2012;194:787-95 pubmed publisher
    Cyanobacteria, including members of the genus Prochlorococcus, contain icosahedral protein microcompartments known as carboxysomes that encapsulate multiple copies of the CO(2)-fixing enzyme ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/..
  11. Mary I, Tarran G, Warwick P, Terry M, Scanlan D, Burkill P, et al. Light enhanced amino acid uptake by dominant bacterioplankton groups in surface waters of the Atlantic Ocean. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2008;63:36-45 pubmed
    ..The two numerically dominant groups of oceanic bacterioplankton were Prochlorococcus cyanobacteria and bacteria with low nucleic acid (LNA) content, comprising 60% SAR11-related cells...
  12. Sullivan M, Lindell D, Lee J, Thompson L, Bielawski J, Chisholm S. Prevalence and evolution of core photosystem II genes in marine cyanobacterial viruses and their hosts. PLoS Biol. 2006;4:e234 pubmed
    ..The psbA gene was found in all myoviruses and Prochlorococcus podoviruses, but could not be amplified from Prochlorococcus siphoviruses or Synechococcus podoviruses...
  13. Steglich C, Frankenberg Dinkel N, Penno S, Hess W. A green light-absorbing phycoerythrin is present in the high-light-adapted marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus sp. MED4. Environ Microbiol. 2005;7:1611-8 pubmed
    In the high-light-adapted unicellular marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus sp. MED4 the cpeB gene is the only gene coding for a structural phycobiliprotein...
  14. Richter A, Schleberger C, Backofen R, Steglich C. Seed-based INTARNA prediction combined with GFP-reporter system identifies mRNA targets of the small RNA Yfr1. Bioinformatics. 2010;26:1-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Prochlorococcus possesses the smallest genome of all sequenced photoautotrophs...
  15. Osburne M, Holmbeck B, Frias Lopez J, Steen R, Huang K, Kelly L, et al. UV hyper-resistance in Prochlorococcus MED4 results from a single base pair deletion just upstream of an operon encoding nudix hydrolase and photolyase. Environ Microbiol. 2010;12:1978-88 pubmed publisher
    ..While developing a UV mutagenesis protocol for the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, we isolated a UV-hyper-resistant variant of high light-adapted strain MED4...
  16. Martiny A, Huang Y, Li W. Occurrence of phosphate acquisition genes in Prochlorococcus cells from different ocean regions. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:1340-7 pubmed publisher
    The cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the numerically dominant phototroph in oligotrophic parts of the oceans...
  17. Tolonen A, Liszt G, Hess W. Genetic manipulation of Prochlorococcus strain MIT9313: green fluorescent protein expression from an RSF1010 plasmid and Tn5 transposition. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:7607-13 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus is the smallest oxygenic phototroph yet described. It numerically dominates the phytoplankton community in the mid-latitude oceanic gyres, where it has an important role in the global carbon cycle...
  18. Lindell D, Jaffe J, Coleman M, Futschik M, Axmann I, Rector T, et al. Genome-wide expression dynamics of a marine virus and host reveal features of co-evolution. Nature. 2007;449:83-6 pubmed
    ..Here we investigate whole-genome expression of a host and phage, the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus MED4 and the T7-like cyanophage P-SSP7, during lytic infection, to gain insight into these co-evolutionary ..
  19. Liu X, Zhang Q, Murata K, Baker M, Sullivan M, Fu C, et al. Structural changes in a marine podovirus associated with release of its genome into Prochlorococcus. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2010;17:830-6 pubmed publisher
    Podovirus P-SSP7 infects Prochlorococcus marinus, the most abundant oceanic photosynthetic microorganism. Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy yields icosahedral and asymmetrical structures of infectious P-SSP7 with 4...
  20. Lv J, Li N, Niu D. Association between the availability of environmental resources and the atomic composition of organismal proteomes: evidence from Prochlorococcus strains living at different depths. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008;375:241-6 pubmed publisher
    The cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus is a cyanbacterial genus, with some strains adapted to sea surface environments, which are poor in nutrients and have high-light intensity, and some strains adapted to deep sea conditions, which have ..
  21. Reistetter E, Krumhardt K, Callnan K, Roache Johnson K, Saunders J, Moore L, et al. Effects of phosphorus starvation versus limitation on the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus?MED4 II: gene expression. Environ Microbiol. 2013;15:2129-43 pubmed publisher
    ..drives niche differentiation in the most abundant phytoplankter in the oceans, the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. We compared the molecular response of Prochlorococcus strain MED4 to P starvation in batch culture to P-..
  22. Vila Costa M, Simó R, Harada H, Gasol J, Slezak D, Kiene R. Dimethylsulfoniopropionate uptake by marine phytoplankton. Science. 2006;314:652-4 pubmed
    ..with radio-labeled DMSP showed that dominant phytoplankton groups of the ocean, the unicellular cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus and diatoms, as well as heterotrophic bacteria take up and assimilate DMSP sulfur, thus ..
  23. Dufresne A, Garczarek L, Partensky F. Accelerated evolution associated with genome reduction in a free-living prokaryote. Genome Biol. 2005;6:R14 pubmed
    Three complete genomes of Prochlorococcus species, the smallest and most abundant photosynthetic organism in the ocean, have recently been published...
  24. Christaki U, Vázquez Domínguez E, Courties C, Lebaron P. Grazing impact of different heterotrophic nanoflagellates on eukaryotic (Ostreococcus tauri) and prokaryotic picoautotrophs (Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus). Environ Microbiol. 2005;7:1200-10 pubmed
    ..For comparison with Ostreococcus, we used similar-sized prokaryotes as prey, Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus...
  25. Flombaum P, Gallegos J, Gordillo R, Rincón J, Zabala L, Jiao N, et al. Present and future global distributions of the marine Cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:9824-9 pubmed publisher
    The Cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus account for a substantial fraction of marine primary production...
  26. Yu T, Li J, Yang Y, Qi L, Chen B, Zhao F, et al. Codon usage patterns and adaptive evolution of marine unicellular cyanobacteria Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;62:206-13 pubmed publisher
    Marine unicellular cyanobacteria, represented by Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus, dominate the total phytoplankton biomass and production in oligotrophic ocean...
  27. Frias Lopez J, Shi Y, Tyson G, Coleman M, Schuster S, Chisholm S, et al. Microbial community gene expression in ocean surface waters. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:3805-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The fidelity of the RNA amplification procedure was validated with Prochlorococcus cultures and then applied to a microbial assemblage collected in the oligotrophic Pacific Ocean...
  28. Satoh S, Tanaka A. Identification of chlorophyllide a oxygenase in the Prochlorococcus genome by a comparative genomic approach. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:1622-9 pubmed
    ..However, the CAO gene is not found in whole genome sequences of Prochlorococcus although a gene which is distantly related to CAO was reported...
  29. Eitinger T. In vivo production of active nickel superoxide dismutase from Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313 is dependent on its cognate peptidase. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:7821-5 pubmed
    ..NiSOD activity was observed in Escherichia coli when sodN and sodX (encoding a putative peptidase) from Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313 were coexpressed.
  30. Hu J, Blanchard J. Environmental sequence data from the Sargasso Sea reveal that the characteristics of genome reduction in Prochlorococcus are not a harbinger for an escalation in genetic drift. Mol Biol Evol. 2009;26:5-13 pubmed publisher
    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus MED4 has the smallest sequenced genome of any photosynthetic organism...
  31. Martiny A, Tai A, Veneziano D, Primeau F, Chisholm S. Taxonomic resolution, ecotypes and the biogeography of Prochlorococcus. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:823-32 pubmed publisher
    In order to expand our understanding of the diversity and biogeography of Prochlorococcus ribotypes, we PCR-amplified, cloned and sequenced the 16S/23S rRNA ITS region from sites in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans...
  32. Coleman M, Chisholm S. Code and context: Prochlorococcus as a model for cross-scale biology. Trends Microbiol. 2007;15:398-407 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus is a simple cyanobacterium that is abundant throughout large regions of the oceans, and has become a useful model for studying the nature and regulation of biological diversity across all scales of complexity...
  33. Ito H, Tanaka A. Evolution of a divinyl chlorophyll-based photosystem in Prochlorococcus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:18014-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this process, pigment-binding proteins must evolve to fit new pigments. Prochlorococcus is a unique photosynthetic organism that uses divinyl chlorophyll (DVChl) instead of monovinyl chlorophyll...
  34. Kamennaya N, Post A. Characterization of cyanate metabolism in marine Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus spp. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:291-301 pubmed publisher
    Cyanobacteria of the genera Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus are the most abundant photosynthetic organisms on earth, occupying a key position at the base of marine food webs...
  35. Steglich C, Lindell D, Futschik M, Rector T, Steen R, Chisholm S. Short RNA half-lives in the slow-growing marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Genome Biol. 2010;11:R54 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated whole-genome RNA stability of Prochlorococcus, a relatively slow-growing marine cyanobacterium doubling approximately once a day, which is extremely ..
  36. Holtzendorff J, Partensky F, Mella D, Lennon J, Hess W, Garczarek L. Genome streamlining results in loss of robustness of the circadian clock in the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus PCC 9511. J Biol Rhythms. 2008;23:187-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Accordingly, most cyanobacteria possess at least 1 copy of each kai gene. One exception is the marine genus Prochlorococcus, which we suggest here has suffered a stepwise deletion of the kaiA gene, together with significant genome ..
  37. Muñoz Marín M, Luque I, Zubkov M, Hill P, Diez J, García Fernández J. Prochlorococcus can use the Pro1404 transporter to take up glucose at nanomolar concentrations in the Atlantic Ocean. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:8597-602 pubmed publisher
    b>Prochlorococcus is responsible for a significant part of CO2 fixation in the ocean...
  38. Tagwerker C, Dupont C, Karas B, Ma L, Chuang R, Benders G, et al. Sequence analysis of a complete 1.66 Mb Prochlorococcus marinus MED4 genome cloned in yeast. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:10375-83 pubmed publisher
    Marine cyanobacteria of the genus Prochlorococcus represent numerically dominant photoautotrophs residing throughout the euphotic zones in the open oceans and are major contributors to the global carbon cycle...
  39. Nagata N, Tanaka R, Satoh S, Tanaka A. Identification of a vinyl reductase gene for chlorophyll synthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana and implications for the evolution of Prochlorococcus species. Plant Cell. 2005;17:233-40 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, identification of the DVR gene helped understanding the evolution of Prochlorococcus marinus, a marine cyanobacterium that is dominant in the open ocean and is uncommon in using divinyl ..
  40. Sommaruga R, Hofer J, Alonso Sáez L, Gasol J. Differential sunlight sensitivity of picophytoplankton from surface Mediterranean Coastal Waters. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2005;71:2154-7 pubmed
    ..Cell abundance and cell-specific chlorophyll fluorescence were significantly reduced in Prochlorococcus spp. but not in Synechococcus, whereas picoeukaryotes had an intermediate response...
  41. Avrani S, Wurtzel O, Sharon I, Sorek R, Lindell D. Genomic island variability facilitates Prochlorococcus-virus coexistence. Nature. 2011;474:604-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Prochlorococcus cyanobacteria are extremely abundant in the oceans, as are the viruses that infect them...
  42. Klein M, Zwart P, Bagby S, Cai F, Chisholm S, Heinhorst S, et al. Identification and structural analysis of a novel carboxysome shell protein with implications for metabolite transport. J Mol Biol. 2009;392:319-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the first structural insights into the carboxysome of Prochlorococcus, the numerically dominant cyanobacterium in the world's oligotrophic oceans...
  43. Gómez Baena G, López Lozano A, Gil Martínez J, Lucena J, Diez J, Candau P, et al. Glucose uptake and its effect on gene expression in prochlorococcus. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3416 pubmed publisher
    The marine cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus have been considered photoautotrophic microorganisms, although the utilization of exogenous sugars has never been specifically addressed in them...
  44. Martiny A, Kathuria S, Berube P. Widespread metabolic potential for nitrite and nitrate assimilation among Prochlorococcus ecotypes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:10787-92 pubmed publisher
    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the most abundant photosynthetic organism in oligotrophic regions of the oceans...
  45. Shi Y, Tyson G, Eppley J, DeLong E. Integrated metatranscriptomic and metagenomic analyses of stratified microbial assemblages in the open ocean. ISME J. 2011;5:999-1013 pubmed publisher
    ..partitioning of coexisting microbial populations, highlighted by a transcriptionally active high-light-like Prochlorococcus population in the bottom of the photic zone...
  46. Partensky F, Garczarek L. Prochlorococcus: advantages and limits of minimalism. Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2010;2:305-31 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus is the key phytoplanktonic organism of tropical gyres, large ocean regions that are depleted of the essential macronutrients needed for photosynthesis and cell growth...
  47. Ahlgren N, Rocap G, Chisholm S. Measurement of Prochlorococcus ecotypes using real-time polymerase chain reaction reveals different abundances of genotypes with similar light physiologies. Environ Microbiol. 2006;8:441-54 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus is a marine cyanobacterium which is found at high abundances in world's tropical and subtropical oligotrophic oceans. The genus Prochlorococcus can be divided into two major groups based on light physiology...
  48. Huang S, Wilhelm S, Harvey H, Taylor K, Jiao N, Chen F. Novel lineages of Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus in the global oceans. ISME J. 2012;6:285-97 pubmed publisher
    Picocyanobacteria represented by Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus have an important role in oceanic carbon fixation and nutrient cycling...
  49. Moisander P, Zhang R, Boyle E, Hewson I, Montoya J, Zehr J. Analogous nutrient limitations in unicellular diazotrophs and Prochlorococcus in the South Pacific Ocean. ISME J. 2012;6:733-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Group A), Crocosphaera watsonii, ?-Proteobacterium 24774A11, and the non-diazotrophic picocyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, varied within the region...
  50. Coleman M, Sullivan M, Martiny A, Steglich C, Barry K, DeLong E, et al. Genomic islands and the ecology and evolution of Prochlorococcus. Science. 2006;311:1768-70 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus ecotypes are a useful system for exploring the origin and function of diversity among closely related microbes...
  51. Malmstrom R, Coe A, Kettler G, Martiny A, Frias Lopez J, Zinser E, et al. Temporal dynamics of Prochlorococcus ecotypes in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. ISME J. 2010;4:1252-64 pubmed publisher
    To better understand the temporal and spatial dynamics of Prochlorococcus populations, and how these populations co-vary with the physical environment, we followed monthly changes in the abundance of five ecotypes-two high-light adapted ..
  52. van Mooy B, Rocap G, Fredricks H, Evans C, Devol A. Sulfolipids dramatically decrease phosphorus demand by picocyanobacteria in oligotrophic marine environments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:8607-12 pubmed
    ..Paradoxically, Prochlorococcus, the cyanobacterium that dominates NPSG phytoplankton, primarily synthesizes sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (..
  53. Hill P, Zubkov M, Purdie D. Differential responses of Prochlorococcus and SAR11-dominated bacterioplankton groups to atmospheric dust inputs in the tropical Northeast Atlantic Ocean. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2010;306:82-9 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Prochlorococcus and low nucleic acid (LNA) cells were sorted by flow cytometry to determine their group-specific responses...
  54. Gómez Pereira P, Hartmann M, Grob C, Tarran G, Martin A, Fuchs B, et al. Comparable light stimulation of organic nutrient uptake by SAR11 and Prochlorococcus in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. ISME J. 2013;7:603-14 pubmed publisher
    Subtropical oceanic gyres are the most extensive biomes on Earth where SAR11 and Prochlorococcus bacterioplankton numerically dominate the surface waters depleted in inorganic macronutrients as well as in dissolved organic matter...
  55. Sullivan M, Krastins B, Hughes J, Kelly L, Chase M, Sarracino D, et al. The genome and structural proteome of an ocean siphovirus: a new window into the cyanobacterial 'mobilome'. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:2935-51 pubmed publisher
    b>Prochlorococcus, an abundant phototroph in the oceans, are infected by members of three families of viruses: myo-, podo- and siphoviruses...
  56. Kelly L, Huang K, Ding H, Chisholm S. ProPortal: a resource for integrated systems biology of Prochlorococcus and its phage. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:D632-40 pubmed publisher
    ..is a database containing genomic, metagenomic, transcriptomic and field data for the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Our goal is to provide a source of cross-referenced data across multiple scales of biological organization--..
  57. Feingersch R, Philosof A, Mejuch T, Glaser F, Alalouf O, Shoham Y, et al. Potential for phosphite and phosphonate utilization by Prochlorococcus. ISME J. 2012;6:827-34 pubmed publisher
    ..contributor in Pn utilization in oceanic surface water is the globally important marine primary producer Prochlorococcus. Moreover, a number of Prochlorococcus strains contain two distinct putative Pn uptake operons coding for ABC-..
  58. Michelou V, Cottrell M, Kirchman D. Light-stimulated bacterial production and amino acid assimilation by cyanobacteria and other microbes in the North Atlantic ocean. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73:5539-46 pubmed
    ..5 nM addition) using flow cytometry. Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus were abundant in surface waters where light-dependent leucine incorporation was observed, ..
  59. Martinez A, Osburne M, Sharma A, DeLong E, Chisholm S. Phosphite utilization by the marine picocyanobacterium Prochlorococcus MIT9301. Environ Microbiol. 2012;14:1363-77 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Prochlorococcus, the numerically dominant primary producer in the oligotrophic ocean, encodes high-affinity P transporters, P ..
  60. Sullivan M, Coleman M, Quinlivan V, Rosenkrantz J, Defrancesco A, Tan G, et al. Portal protein diversity and phage ecology. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10:2810-23 pubmed publisher
    ..We sequenced g20 from 38 marine myophages isolated using a diversity of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus hosts to see if any would fall into the clusters that lacked cultured representatives...
  61. Morris J, Kirkegaard R, Szul M, Johnson Z, Zinser E. Facilitation of robust growth of Prochlorococcus colonies and dilute liquid cultures by "helper" heterotrophic bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:4530-4 pubmed publisher
    Axenic (pure) cultures of marine unicellular cyanobacteria of the Prochlorococcus genus grow efficiently only if the inoculation concentration is large; colonies form on semisolid medium at low efficiencies...
  62. Mary I, Garczarek L, Tarran G, Kolowrat C, Terry M, Scanlan D, et al. Diel rhythmicity in amino acid uptake by Prochlorococcus. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10:2124-31 pubmed publisher
    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, the most abundant phototrophic organism on Earth, numerically dominates the phytoplankton in nitrogen (N)-depleted oceanic gyres...
  63. Gilbert J, Fagan W. Contrasting mechanisms of proteomic nitrogen thrift in Prochlorococcus. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:92-104 pubmed publisher
    ..six low-light, high-nutrient adapted (LL) Prochlorococcus (marine cyanobacteria) strains, alongside expression data under experimental nitrogen and phosphorus ..
  64. Follows M, Dutkiewicz S, Grant S, Chisholm S. Emergent biogeography of microbial communities in a model ocean. Science. 2007;315:1843-6 pubmed
    ..The modeled organisms included types analogous to the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Their emergent global distributions and physiological properties simultaneously correspond to observations...
  65. Liu H, Zhu J. Analysis of the 3' ends of tRNA as the cause of insertion sites of foreign DNA in Prochlorococcus. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2010;11:708-18 pubmed publisher
    ..between tRNA genes and genes of apparently foreign origin (genomic islands) in five high-light adapted Prochlorococcus strains...
  66. Zhaxybayeva O, Gogarten J, Doolittle W. A hyperconserved protein in Prochlorococcus and marine Synechococcus. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;274:30-4 pubmed
    An ORF (encoding a hyperconserved protein of unknown function) in Prochlorococcus/marine Synechococcus genomes that is 100% conserved on the amino acid level but lacks homologs outside this group is described here...
  67. Gómez Baena G, Manuel García Fernández J, López Lozano A, Toribio F, Diez J. Glutamine synthetase degradation is controlled by oxidative proteolysis in the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus strain PCC 9511. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006;1760:930-40 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus is one of the most important primary producers on Earth; its unusual features and ecological importance have made it a model organism, but nutrient assimilation has received little attention...
  68. García Fernández J, de Marsac N, Diez J. Streamlined regulation and gene loss as adaptive mechanisms in Prochlorococcus for optimized nitrogen utilization in oligotrophic environments. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2004;68:630-8 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus is one of the dominant cyanobacteria and a key primary producer in oligotrophic intertropical oceans...
  69. Tolonen A, Aach J, Lindell D, Johnson Z, Rector T, Steen R, et al. Global gene expression of Prochlorococcus ecotypes in response to changes in nitrogen availability. Mol Syst Biol. 2006;2:53 pubmed
    Nitrogen (N) often limits biological productivity in the oceanic gyres where Prochlorococcus is the most abundant photosynthetic organism...
  70. Zeidner G, Bielawski J, Shmoish M, Scanlan D, Sabehi G, Beja O. Potential photosynthesis gene recombination between Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus via viral intermediates. Environ Microbiol. 2005;7:1505-13 pubmed
    ..our data also indicate the possible exchange and reshuffling of psbA genes between Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus via phage intermediates...
  71. Kolowrat C, Partensky F, Mella Flores D, Le Corguillé G, Boutte C, Blot N, et al. Ultraviolet stress delays chromosome replication in light/dark synchronized cells of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus PCC9511. BMC Microbiol. 2010;10:204 pubmed publisher
    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is very abundant in warm, nutrient-poor oceanic areas...
  72. Poretsky R, Hewson I, Sun S, Allen A, Zehr J, Moran M. Comparative day/night metatranscriptomic analysis of microbial communities in the North Pacific subtropical gyre. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11:1358-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Direct sequencing of these environmental transcripts has provided detailed information on metabolic and biogeochemical responses of a microbial community to solar forcing...
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    ..For example, photosynthesis genes of cyanobacterial origin have been found in phages that infect Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus, the numerically dominant phototrophs in ocean ecosystems...
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    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus, having multiple ecotypes of distinct genotypic/phenotypic traits and being the first documented example of genome shrinkage in free-living organisms, offers an ideal system for studying ..
  75. Banerjee T, Ghosh T. Gene expression level shapes the amino acid usages in Prochlorococcus marinus MED4. J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2006;23:547-54 pubmed
    b>Prochlorococcus species are the first example of free-living bacteria with reduced genome...
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    ..Here we quantify heterogeneity in gene content for two model marine microbes, Prochlorococcus and Pelagibacter, within and between populations in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, to begin to understand ..
  77. Pandhal J, Wright P, Biggs C. A quantitative proteomic analysis of light adaptation in a globally significant marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus MED4. J Proteome Res. 2007;6:996-1005 pubmed
    ..tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ), to elucidate the light adaptation strategies of Prochlorococcus marinus MED4...
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    ..These results, together with previous studies, suggest that 2-oxoglutarate could be the molecule utilized by Prochlorococcus to sense the C/N balance...
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    ..of proteins? In this issue, Gilbert & Fagan (2011) address this question in the marine cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus, examining a variety of ways in which cells might be thrifty with nitrogen when making proteins...
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    Many cyanophage isolates which infect the marine cyanobacteria Synechococcus spp. and Prochlorococcus spp. contain a gene homologous to psbA, which codes for the D1 protein involved in photosynthesis...