halobacteriaceae

Summary

Summary: A family of extremely halophilic archaea found in environments with high salt concentrations, such as salt lakes, evaporated brines, or salted fish. Halobacteriaceae are either obligate aerobes or facultative anaerobes and are divided into at least twenty-six genera including: HALOARCULA; HALOBACTERIUM; HALOCOCCUS; HALOFERAX; HALORUBRUM; NATRONOBACTERIUM; and NATRONOCOCCUS.

Top Publications

  1. Zhou P, Wen J, Oren A, Chen M, Wu M. Genomic survey of sequence features for ultraviolet tolerance in Haloarchaea (family Halobacteriaceae). Genomics. 2007;90:103-9 pubmed
    We have investigated the strategy of Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 and other members of the family Halobacteriaceae to survive ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, based on an integrated analysis of various genomic and proteomic features such as ..
  2. Ihara K, Watanabe S, Tamura T. Haloarcula argentinensis sp. nov. and Haloarcula mukohataei sp. nov., two new extremely halophilic archaea collected in Argentina. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997;47:73-7 pubmed
    ..nov., although arg-2T may belong to a new genus or a subgenus of the genus Haloarcula. The type strain of H. argentinensis is strain arg-1 (= JCM 9737), and the type strain of H. mukohataei is strain arg-2 (= JCM 9738). ..
  3. Oren A. Taxonomy of the family Halobacteriaceae: a paradigm for changing concepts in prokaryote systematics. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2012;62:263-71 pubmed publisher
    The halophilic Archaea of the family Halobacteriaceae (36 genera with 129 species with standing in nomenclature as of November 2011) provide an excellent example of how changing concepts on prokaryote taxonomy and the development of new ..
  4. Gimenez M, Sánchez J, De Castro R. Detection of an intracellular protease inhibitor in archaea. Curr Microbiol. 2003;46:334-9 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that NSI may regulate NSP activity in vivo and that this protease may have a role in stationary phase cells. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the occurrence of protease inhibitors in Archaea. ..
  5. Zhang Z, Liu Y, Wang S, Yang D, Cheng Y, Hu J, et al. Temperate membrane-containing halophilic archaeal virus SNJ1 has a circular dsDNA genome identical to that of plasmid pHH205. Virology. 2012;434:233-41 pubmed publisher
  6. Roh S, Nam Y, Nam S, Choi S, Park H, Bae J. Complete genome sequence of Halalkalicoccus jeotgali B3(T), an extremely halophilic archaeon. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:4528-9 pubmed publisher
    ..from salt-fermented seafood from South Korea, is an extremely halophilic archaeon belonging to the family Halobacteriaceae. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of the type strain H...
  7. Pfeiffer F, Broicher A, Gillich T, Klee K, Mejia J, Rampp M, et al. Genome information management and integrated data analysis with HaloLex. Arch Microbiol. 2008;190:281-99 pubmed publisher
  8. Sastre D, Paggi R, De Castro R. The Lon protease from the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natrialba magadii is transcriptionally linked to a cluster of putative membrane proteases and displays DNA-binding activity. Microbiol Res. 2011;166:304-13 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding shows that DNA-binding is conserved in the LonA and LonB subfamilies and suggests that Lon-DNA interaction may be relevant for its function in haloarchaea...
  9. Fröls S, Dyall Smith M, Pfeifer F. Biofilm formation by haloarchaea. Environ Microbiol. 2012;14:3159-74 pubmed publisher
    ..salinarum DSM 3754T showed several types of cellular appendages that could be involved in the initial attachment. Our results show that biofilm formation occurs in a surprisingly wide variety of haloarchaeal species...

More Information

Publications70

  1. Sudo Y, Ihara K, Kobayashi S, Suzuki D, Irieda H, Kikukawa T, et al. A microbial rhodopsin with a unique retinal composition shows both sensory rhodopsin II and bacteriorhodopsin-like properties. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:5967-76 pubmed publisher
    ..MR may be a missing link in the evolution from type 1 rhodopsins (microorganisms) to type 2 rhodopsins (animals), because it is the first microbial rhodopsin known to have 11-cis-retinal similar to type 2 rhodopsins...
  2. Santos F, Meyerdierks A, Peña A, Rossello Mora R, Amann R, Antón J. Metagenomic approach to the study of halophages: the environmental halophage 1. Environ Microbiol. 2007;9:1711-23 pubmed
    ..Forty open reading frames have been predicted, including genes that putatively code for proteins involved in DNA replication (ribonucleotide reductases, thymidylate kinase) normally found in lytic viruses...
  3. Burns D, Camakaris H, Janssen P, Dyall Smith M. Combined use of cultivation-dependent and cultivation-independent methods indicates that members of most haloarchaeal groups in an Australian crystallizer pond are cultivable. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004;70:5258-65 pubmed
    ..Of 66 isolates examined, all belonged to the family Halobacteriaceae, including members related to species of the genera Haloferax, Halorubrum, and Natronomonas...
  4. Oren A. Bioenergetic aspects of halophilism. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 1999;63:334-48 pubmed
  5. Xu X, Ren P, Liu S, Wu M, Zhou P. Natrinema altunense sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a salt lake in Altun Mountain in Xinjiang, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55:1311-4 pubmed
    ..On the basis of the polyphasic evidence, strain AJ2(T) (= AS 1.3731(T) = JCM 12890(T)) represents the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Natrinema altunense sp. nov. is proposed...
  6. Oh D, Porter K, Russ B, Burns D, Dyall Smith M. Diversity of Haloquadratum and other haloarchaea in three, geographically distant, Australian saltern crystallizer ponds. Extremophiles. 2010;14:161-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Such sequences have only rarely been previously detected but were found at all three Australian crystallizers...
  7. Castillo A, Gutierrez M, Kamekura M, Xue Y, Ma Y, Cowan D, et al. Natrinema ejinorense sp. nov., isolated from a saline lake in Inner Mongolia, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:2683-7 pubmed
    ..16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the isolate represented a member of the genus Natrinema in the family Halobacteriaceae. Strain EJ-57T was most closely related to Natrinema versiforme JCM 10478T (96...
  8. Falb M, Pfeiffer F, Palm P, Rodewald K, Hickmann V, Tittor J, et al. Living with two extremes: conclusions from the genome sequence of Natronomonas pharaonis. Genome Res. 2005;15:1336-43 pubmed
    ..Clusters of signal transduction genes are rearranged in haloarchaeal genomes, whereas those involved in information processing or energy metabolism show a highly conserved gene order...
  9. Wang J, Sasaki J, Tsai A, Spudich J. HAMP domain signal relay mechanism in a sensory rhodopsin-transducer complex. J Biol Chem. 2012;287:21316-25 pubmed publisher
  10. Kamekura M, Dyall Smith M, Upasani V, Ventosa A, Kates M. Diversity of alkaliphilic halobacteria: proposals for transfer of Natronobacterium vacuolatum, Natronobacterium magadii, and Natronobacterium pharaonis to Halorubrum, Natrialba, and Natronomonas gen. nov., respectively, as Halorubrum vacuolatum comb. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997;47:853-7 pubmed
    ..distinct from the other members of the genus and also from other recognized genera of the family Halobacteriaceae. However, Natronobacterium vacuolatum and Natronobacterium magadii were found to be most closely related to ..
  11. Kriegsmann J, Brehs M, Klare J, Engelhard M, Fitter J. Sensory rhodopsin II/transducer complex formation in detergent and in lipid bilayers studied with FRET. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009;1788:522-31 pubmed publisher
  12. Minegishi H, Kamekura M, Itoh T, Echigo A, Usami R, Hashimoto T. Further refinement of the phylogeny of the Halobacteriaceae based on the full-length RNA polymerase subunit B' (rpoB') gene. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:2398-408 pubmed publisher
    A considerable number of species of the Halobacteriaceae possess multiple copies of the 16S rRNA gene that exhibit more than 5?% divergence, complicating phylogenetic interpretations...
  13. Konstantinidis K, Tebbe A, Klein C, Scheffer B, Aivaliotis M, Bisle B, et al. Genome-wide proteomics of Natronomonas pharaonis. J Proteome Res. 2007;6:185-93 pubmed
    ..The set of identified proteins covers about 60% of the cytosolic proteins involved in metabolism and genetic information processing. Many of the identified proteins illustrate the high genetic variability among the halophilic archaea...
  14. Tapingkae W, Tanasupawat S, Itoh T, Parkin K, Benjakul S, Visessanguan W, et al. Natrinema gari sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from fish sauce in Thailand. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:2378-83 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. is proposed. The type strain is HIS40-3(T) (=BCC 24370(T) =JCM 14663(T) =PCU 303(T))...
  15. Legault B, Lopez Lopez A, Alba Casado J, Doolittle W, Bolhuis H, Rodriguez Valera F, et al. Environmental genomics of "Haloquadratum walsbyi" in a saltern crystallizer indicates a large pool of accessory genes in an otherwise coherent species. BMC Genomics. 2006;7:171 pubmed
    ..Similar studies carried out in other extreme environments have revealed very little diversity in gene content among the cell lineages present...
  16. Dyall Smith M, Pfeiffer F, Klee K, Palm P, Gross K, Schuster S, et al. Haloquadratum walsbyi: limited diversity in a global pond. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20968 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess this, the genome sequences of two isolates recovered from sites at near maximum distance on Earth, were compared...
  17. Savage K, Krumholz L, Oren A, Elshahed M. Halosarcina pallida gen. nov., sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon from a low-salt, sulfide-rich spring. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:856-60 pubmed publisher
    ..archaea suggest that this strain represents a member of a novel genus and species within the family Halobacteriaceae, for which the name Halosarcina pallida gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed...
  18. Lobasso S, Lopalco P, Mascolo G, Corcelli A. Lipids of the ultra-thin square halophilic archaeon Haloquadratum walsbyi. Archaea. 2008;2:177-83 pubmed
    ..Distinguishing it from other extreme halophiles of the Halobacteriaceae family, the osmotic stress did not induce the neo-synthesis of cardiolipins in H. walsbyi...
  19. Savage K, Krumholz L, Oren A, Elshahed M. Haladaptatus paucihalophilus gen. nov., sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from a low-salt, sulfide-rich spring. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:19-24 pubmed
    ..halophilic archaea suggest that these novel strains represent a novel species and genus within the family Halobacteriaceae, for which the name Haladaptatus paucihalophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed...
  20. Doebber M, Bordignon E, Klare J, Holterhues J, Martell S, Mennes N, et al. Salt-driven equilibrium between two conformations in the HAMP domain from Natronomonas pharaonis: the language of signal transfer?. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:28691-701 pubmed publisher
    ..The structural properties of the cHAMP as proven by mobility, accessibility, and intra-transducer-dimer distance data are in agreement with the four helical bundle NMR model of the HAMP domain from Archaeoglobus fulgidus...
  21. Klein R, Baranyi U, Rossler N, Greineder B, Scholz H, Witte A. Natrialba magadii virus phiCh1: first complete nucleotide sequence and functional organization of a virus infecting a haloalkaliphilic archaeon. Mol Microbiol. 2002;45:851-63 pubmed
  22. Cui H, Gao X, Li X, Xu X, Zhou Y, Liu H, et al. Halosarcina limi sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Halosarcina. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:2462-3466 pubmed publisher
    ..borinquense, respectively, members of the most closely related recognized genera within the family Halobacteriaceae. The DNA G+C content of strain RO1-6(T) was 61.2 mol%...
  23. Oren A, Arahal D, Ventosa A. Emended descriptions of genera of the family Halobacteriaceae. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2009;59:637-42 pubmed publisher
    The family Halobacteriaceae currently contains 96 species whose names have been validly published, classified in 27 genera (as of September 2008)...
  24. Zhang H, Lin L, Zeng C, Shen P, Huang Y. Cloning and characterization of a haloarchaeal heat shock protein 70 functionally expressed in Escherichia coli. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;275:168-74 pubmed publisher
    ..coli dnak-null mutant to propagate lambda phages and grow at 42 degrees C. The results suggested that haloarchaeal Hsp70 should be beneficial for extreme halophiles survival in low-salt environments...
  25. Aivaliotis M, Gevaert K, Falb M, Tebbe A, Konstantinidis K, Bisle B, et al. Large-scale identification of N-terminal peptides in the halophilic archaea Halobacterium salinarum and Natronomonas pharaonis. J Proteome Res. 2007;6:2195-204 pubmed
    ..The protein sets described in this paper are available by FTP and might be used as reference sets to test the performance of new gene finders...
  26. Serganova I, Ksenzenko V, Serganov A, Meshcheryakova I, Pyatibratov M, Vakhrusheva O, et al. Sequencing of flagellin genes from Natrialba magadii provides new insight into evolutionary aspects of archaeal flagellins. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:318-22 pubmed
    ..Based on the sequence analysis we suggest that different regions of the genes might have distinct evolutionary histories including possible genetic exchange with bacterial flagellin genes...
  27. Vreeland R, Straight S, Krammes J, Dougherty K, Rosenzweig W, Kamekura M. Halosimplex carlsbadense gen. nov., sp. nov., a unique halophilic archaeon, with three 16S rRNA genes, that grows only in defined medium with glycerol and acetate or pyruvate. Extremophiles. 2002;6:445-52 pubmed
    ..The name suggested for this new genus and species is Halosimplex carlsbadense. The type strain is 2-9-1(T) (= ATCC BAA-75 and JCM 11222) as written in the formal description...
  28. Jalasvuori M, Pawlowski A, Bamford J. A unique group of virus-related, genome-integrating elements found solely in the bacterial family Thermaceae and the archaeal family Halobacteriaceae. J Bacteriol. 2010;192:3231-4 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the lineage is expanded to archaeal Halomicrobium and bacterial Meiothermus species by analysis of five genome-integrated elements that share the core genes with these viruses...
  29. Sharma A, Walsh D, Bapteste E, Rodriguez Valera F, Ford Doolittle W, Papke R. Evolution of rhodopsin ion pumps in haloarchaea. BMC Evol Biol. 2007;7:79 pubmed
    ..In this initial study, we assess the roles of LGT and gene loss in the evolution of haloarchaeal rhodopsin ion pump genes, using phylogenetics and comparative genomics approaches...
  30. Gushchin I, Gordeliy V, Grudinin S. Role of the HAMP domain region of sensory rhodopsin transducers in signal transduction. Biochemistry. 2011;50:574-80 pubmed publisher
  31. Anderson I, Scheuner C, Göker M, Mavromatis K, Hooper S, Porat I, et al. Novel insights into the diversity of catabolic metabolism from ten haloarchaeal genomes. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20237 pubmed publisher
    ..The extremely halophilic archaea are present worldwide in saline environments and have important biotechnological applications. Ten complete genomes of haloarchaea are now available, providing an opportunity for comparative analysis...
  32. Chen Y, Zhou F, Li G, Xu Y. MUST: a system for identification of miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements and applications to Anabaena variabilis and Haloquadratum walsbyi. Gene. 2009;436:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..bmb.uga.edu/ffzhou/MUST/ (the standalone version is available upon request). Supplementary data associated with this article are available in the online version or at: http://csbl1.bmb.uga.edu/ffzhou/MUST/supp/...
  33. Pyatibratov M, Leonard K, Tarasov V, Fedorov O. Two immunologically distinct types of protofilaments can be identified in Natrialba magadii flagella. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002;212:23-7 pubmed
    ..At the same time both uniformly labelled and completely unlabelled PF, outwardly indistinguishable one from another, were observed...
  34. Gonzalez O, Oberwinkler T, Mansueto L, Pfeiffer F, Mendoza E, Zimmer R, et al. Characterization of growth and metabolism of the haloalkaliphile Natronomonas pharaonis. PLoS Comput Biol. 2010;6:e1000799 pubmed publisher
    ..We also found that the archaeon has a very low carbon efficiency of only about 35%. This inefficiency is probably due to a very low P/O ratio as well as to the other difficulties posed by its extreme environment...
  35. Cui H, Yang X, Gao X, Li X, Xu X, Zhou Y, et al. Halogeometricum rufum sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon from a marine solar saltern, and emended description of the genus Halogeometricum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2010;60:2613-7 pubmed publisher
    ..It was concluded that strains RO1-4(T) and RO1-64 represent a novel species of the genus Halogeometricum, for which the name Halogeometricum rufum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RO1-4(T) (=CGMCC 1.7736(T) =JCM 15770(T))...
  36. Cui H, Gao X, Yang X, Xu X. Halorussus rarus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from a marine solar saltern. Extremophiles. 2010;14:493-9 pubmed publisher
    ..suggest that strain TBN4(T) and strain TBN5 represent a novel species in a new genus within the family Halobacteriaceae, for which the name Halorussus rarus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TBN4(T) (=CGMCC 1...
  37. Siddaramappa S, Challacombe J, Decastro R, Pfeiffer F, Sastre D, Gimenez M, et al. A comparative genomics perspective on the genetic content of the alkaliphilic haloarchaeon Natrialba magadii ATCC 43099T. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:165 pubmed publisher
    ..magadii type strain ATCC 43099 was deciphered to obtain a comprehensive insight into the genetic content of this haloarchaeon and to understand the basis of some of the cellular functions necessary for its survival...
  38. Scharf B, Engelhard M. Blue halorhodopsin from Natronobacterium pharaonis: wavelength regulation by anions. Biochemistry. 1994;33:6387-93 pubmed
    ..Pharaonis hR reconstituted with azide shows photochemical reactions similar to the photocycle of bacteriorhodopsin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)..
  39. Gimenez M, Studdert C, Sanchez J, de Castro R. Extracellular protease of Natrialba magadii: purification and biochemical characterization. Extremophiles. 2000;4:181-8 pubmed
  40. Enache M, Itoh T, Fukushima T, Usami R, Dumitru L, Kamekura M. Phylogenetic relationships within the family Halobacteriaceae inferred from rpoB' gene and protein sequences. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:2289-95 pubmed
    ..Partial sequences of the gene were determined from 16 strains of the family Halobacteriaceae. Comparisons of phylogenetic trees inferred from the gene and protein sequences as well as from corresponding ..
  41. McGenity T, Gemmell R, Grant W. Proposal of a new halobacterial genus Natrinema gen. nov., with two species Natrinema pellirubrum nom. nov. and Natrinema pallidum nom. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1998;48 Pt 4:1187-96 pubmed
    ..nov. It was notable that halobacteria closely related to the proposed new genus have been isolated from relatively low-salt environments...
  42. Hezayen F, Steinbüchel A, Rehm B. Biochemical and enzymological properties of the polyhydroxybutyrate synthase from the extremely halophilic archaeon strain 56. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2002;403:284-91 pubmed
    Some members of the archaebacterial family Halobacteriaceae have been determined to accumulate polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB)...
  43. Dyall Smith M, Tang S, Bath C. Haloarchaeal viruses: how diverse are they?. Res Microbiol. 2003;154:309-13 pubmed
    ..Here we provide an outline of the reported haloviruses, including fusiform and unpublished isolates from this laboratory, and we discuss their diversity and the future directions for this research...
  44. Boucher Y, Douady C, Sharma A, Kamekura M, Doolittle W. Intragenomic heterogeneity and intergenomic recombination among haloarchaeal rRNA genes. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:3980-90 pubmed
    ..We suggest that intragenomic heterogeneity of rRNA operons is an ancient and stable trait in several lineages of the Halobacteriales. The impact of this phenomenon on the taxonomy of extremely halophilic archaea is discussed...
  45. Pasic L, Bartual S, Ulrih N, Grabnar M, Velikonja B. Diversity of halophilic archaea in the crystallizers of an Adriatic solar saltern. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2005;54:491-8 pubmed
    ..Presence of such special and diverse haloarchaeal community could be attributed to the Secovlje salterns rare continuous short-cycling salt production mechanism...
  46. Klein R, Greineder B, Baranyi U, Witte A. The structural protein E of the archaeal virus phiCh1: evidence for processing in Natrialba magadii during virus maturation. Virology. 2000;276:376-87 pubmed
    ..RT-PCR analysis as well as Western blot studies revealed gene E as a late gene. Transcripts and proteins could be detected shortly before onset of lysis of the lysogenic strain N. magadii L11...
  47. De Castro R, Ruiz D, Gimenez M, Silveyra M, Paggi R, Maupin Furlow J. Gene cloning and heterologous synthesis of a haloalkaliphilic extracellular protease of Natrialba magadii (Nep). Extremophiles. 2008;12:677-87 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides the first molecular characterization of a halolysin-like protease from alkaliphilic haloarchaea and is the first description of a recombinant system that facilitates high-level secretion of a haloarchaeal protease...
  48. Castillo A, Gutierrez M, Kamekura M, Ma Y, Cowan D, Jones B, et al. Halovivax asiaticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Inner Mongolia, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006;56:765-70 pubmed
    ..rRNA gene analysis revealed that strain EJ-46T was a member of the phylogenetic group defined by the family Halobacteriaceae, and the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity values of 94.9 and 94...
  49. Kamo N, Hashiba T, Kikukawa T, Araiso T, Ihara K, Nara T. A light-driven proton pump from Haloterrigena turkmenica: functional expression in Escherichia coli membrane and coupling with a H+ co-transporter. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006;341:285-90 pubmed
    ..We co-expressed both HtdR and EmrE, a proton-coupled multi-drug efflux transporter in E. coli, and the cells successfully extruded ethidium, a substrate of EmrE, on illumination...
  50. Papke R, Koenig J, Rodriguez Valera F, Doolittle W. Frequent recombination in a saltern population of Halorubrum. Science. 2004;306:1928-9 pubmed
    ..We used multi-locus sequence typing to demonstrate that haloarchaea exchange genetic information promiscuously, exhibiting a degree of linkage equilibrium approaching that of a sexual population...
  51. Kamekura M. Diversity of extremely halophilic bacteria. Extremophiles. 1998;2:289-95 pubmed
    In this review, the history of the classification of the family Halobacteriaceae, the extremely halophilic aerobic Archaea, is reviewed with some emphasis on the recently described new genera Halobaculum, Halorubrum, Natrialba, ..
  52. Hezayen F, Tindall B, Steinbuchel A, Rehm B. Characterization of a novel halophilic archaeon, Halobiforma haloterrestris gen. nov., sp. nov., and transfer of Natronobacterium nitratireducens to Halobiforma nitratireducens comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002;52:2271-80 pubmed
    ..16S rDNA analysis revealed that strain 135(T) was a member of the phyletic group defined by the family Halobacteriaceae, but there was a low degree of similarity to other members of this family. Highest similarity values of 96...
  53. Xu Y, Wang Z, Xue Y, Zhou P, Ma Y, Ventosa A, et al. Natrialba hulunbeirensis sp. nov. and Natrialba chahannaoensis sp. nov., novel haloalkaliphilic archaea from soda lakes in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:1693-8 pubmed
    ..The names Natrialba hulunbeirensis sp. nov. (type strain X21T = AS 1.1986T = JCM 10989T) and Natrialba chahannaoensis sp. nov. (type strain C112T = AS 1.1977T = JCM 10990T) are proposed...
  54. Kamekura M, Kates M. Structural diversity of membrane lipids in members of Halobacteriaceae. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1999;63:969-72 pubmed
    ..correlated with membrane phospholipid, glycolipid, and core lipid structural diversity within the family Halobacteriaceae. We also point out that the recently reported diversity in the membrane core lipid structure of a putative ..
  55. Soppa J. From genomes to function: haloarchaea as model organisms. Microbiology. 2006;152:585-90 pubmed
    ..Taken together, the wealth of techniques available make haloarchaea excellent archaeal model species...
  56. Gautier A, Kirkpatrick J, Nietlispach D. Solution-state NMR spectroscopy of a seven-helix transmembrane protein receptor: backbone assignment, secondary structure, and dynamics. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2008;47:7297-300 pubmed publisher
  57. Kouyama T, Kanada S, Takeguchi Y, Narusawa A, Murakami M, Ihara K. Crystal structure of the light-driven chloride pump halorhodopsin from Natronomonas pharaonis. J Mol Biol. 2010;396:564-79 pubmed publisher
  58. Cui H, Yang X, Mou Y. Salinarchaeum laminariae gen. nov., sp. nov.: a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from salted brown alga Laminaria. Extremophiles. 2011;15:625-31 pubmed publisher
    ..properties suggest that the strains R26(T) and R22 represent a novel species in a new genus within the family Halobacteriaceae, for which the name Salinarchaeum laminariae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed...
  59. Cuadros Orellana S, Martin Cuadrado A, Legault B, D Auria G, Zhaxybayeva O, Papke R, et al. Genomic plasticity in prokaryotes: the case of the square haloarchaeon. ISME J. 2007;1:235-45 pubmed
    ..Rather than containing different genes it consisted of homologs with low similarity. This variation might reflect a phage evasion strategy...
  60. Wainø M, Ingvorsen K. Production of beta-xylanase and beta-xylosidase by the extremely halophilic archaeon Halorhabdus utahensis. Extremophiles. 2003;7:87-93 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge, this paper is the first report on hemicellulose-degrading enzymes produced by an extremely halophilic archaeon...
  61. Minegishi H, Kamekura M, Kitajima Ihara T, Nakasone K, Echigo A, Shimane Y, et al. Gene orders in the upstream of 16S rRNA genes divide genera of the family Halobacteriaceae into two groups. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2012;62:188-95 pubmed publisher
    ..At the time of writing, the genus Haloarcula of the family Halobacteriaceae comprises nine species with validly published names, all of which possess two to four highly heterogeneous ..