animal lameness

Summary

Summary: A departure from the normal gait in animals.

Top Publications

  1. Zoric M, Nilsson E, Mattsson S, Lundeheim N, Wallgren P. Abrasions and lameness in piglets born in different farrowing systems with different types of floor. Acta Vet Scand. 2008;50:37 pubmed publisher
    ..Apart from animal suffering, lameness contributes to losses in form of dead piglets, decreased growth, and increased use of antibiotics and manual labour...
  2. Kaler J, Green L. Naming and recognition of six foot lesions of sheep using written and pictorial information: a study of 809 English sheep farmers. Prev Vet Med. 2008;83:52-64 pubmed
    ..Whilst ID and FR were the most prevalent causes of lameness in most flocks it is possible that in up to 17% flocks the primary cause of lameness was a different lesion...
  3. Angeby Möller K, Berge O, Hamers F. Using the CatWalk method to assess weight-bearing and pain behaviour in walking rats with ankle joint monoarthritis induced by carrageenan: effects of morphine and rofecoxib. J Neurosci Methods. 2008;174:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, behavioural effects interpreted as reflecting movement-related pain in monoarthritic rats and pharmacological treatment of the monoarthritis can objectively and efficiently be quantified in detail by the CatWalk method...
  4. Vincelette J, Xu Y, Zhang L, Schaefer C, Vergona R, Sullivan M, et al. Gait analysis in a murine model of collagen-induced arthritis. Arthritis Res Ther. 2007;9:R123 pubmed
  5. Katic N, Bockstahler B, Mueller M, Peham C. Fourier analysis of vertical ground reaction forces in dogs with unilateral hind limb lameness caused by degenerative disease of the hip joint and in dogs without lameness. Am J Vet Res. 2009;70:118-26 pubmed publisher
  6. Mork M, Lindberg A, Alenius S, Vågsholm I, Egenvall A. Comparison between dairy cow disease incidence in data registered by farmers and in data from a disease-recording system based on veterinary reporting. Prev Vet Med. 2009;88:298-307 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that for the time period studied there was differential under-reporting associated with the diagnosis, the age of the animal and whether the herd was served by a state-employed or private veterinarian...
  7. Walker S, Smith R, Jones D, Routly J, Dobson H. Chronic stress, hormone profiles and estrus intensity in dairy cattle. Horm Behav. 2008;53:493-501 pubmed publisher
    ..This reduced intensity of estrus was associated with lower maximum progesterone values prior to estrus but not abnormal daily cortisol or estradiol values in milk...
  8. Kaler J, Wassink G, Green L. The inter- and intra-observer reliability of a locomotion scoring scale for sheep. Vet J. 2009;180:189-94 pubmed publisher
  9. Melendez P, Bartolome J, Archbald L, Donovan A. The association between lameness, ovarian cysts and fertility in lactating dairy cows. Theriogenology. 2003;59:927-37 pubmed
    ..Because this is an observational study it is not possible to conclude a cause-effect relationship...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Hazewinkel H, van den Brom W, Theyse L, Pollmeier M, Hanson P. Comparison of the effects of firocoxib, carprofen and vedaprofen in a sodium urate crystal induced synovitis model of arthritis in dogs. Res Vet Sci. 2008;84:74-9 pubmed
    ..Improvement in lameness score was also significantly better in the dogs treated with firocoxib than placebo and carprofen at both the 3 and 7 h post-treatment time points...
  2. Bergsten C, Herlin A. Sole haemorrhages and heel horn erosion in dairy cows: the influence of housing system on their prevalence and severity. Acta Vet Scand. 1996;37:395-408 pubmed
    ..Heel horn erosions were reduced in association with the introduction of a footbath. A higher incidence of lameness was observed in the cubicle system...
  3. Vokey F, Guard C, Erb H, Galton D. Effects of alley and stall surfaces on indices of claw and leg health in dairy cattle housed in a free-stall barn. J Dairy Sci. 2001;84:2686-99 pubmed
    ..All claw measurements were correlated; however, toe angle was most strongly correlated with the other two. In this experiment, stall and alley configurations did not lead to significant differences in several indices of lameness...
  4. Shearer J, van Amstel S. Functional and corrective claw trimming. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2001;17:53-72 pubmed
  5. Bergsten C. Effects of conformation and management system on hoof and leg diseases and lameness in dairy cows. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2001;17:1-23, v pubmed
    ..This article describes relationships between hoof health and some of these factors as well as methods for prevention of lameness on a herd basis...
  6. Jørgensen B. Osteochondrosis/osteoarthrosis and claw disorders in sows, associated with leg weakness. Acta Vet Scand. 2000;41:123-38 pubmed
    ..Overgrown claws were strongly associated with leg weakness indicating the need for claw trimming in sow populations...
  7. Mlacnik E, Bockstahler B, Muller M, Tetrick M, Nap R, Zentek J. Effects of caloric restriction and a moderate or intense physiotherapy program for treatment of lameness in overweight dogs with osteoarthritis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006;229:1756-60 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the effects of a weight reduction program combined with a basic or more complex physical therapy program including transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation on lameness in overweight dogs with osteoarthritis...
  8. Sogstad A, Østerås O, Fjeldaas T. Bovine claw and limb disorders related to reproductive performance and production diseases. J Dairy Sci. 2006;89:2519-28 pubmed
    ..4). Our study shows that claw disorders are associated with poorer reproductive performance and some production diseases...
  9. Jaeger G, Larsen S, Søli N, Moe L. Double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the pain-relieving effects of the implantation of gold beads into dogs with hip dysplasia. Vet Rec. 2006;158:722-6 pubmed
    ..There were significantly greater improvements in mobility and greater reductions in the signs of pain in the dogs treated with gold implantation than in the placebo group. The veterinarian's and the owners' assessments corresponded well...
  10. Fjeldaas T, Sogstad A, Østerås O. Claw trimming routines in relation to claw lesions, claw shape and lameness in Norwegian dairy herds housed in tie stalls and free stalls. Prev Vet Med. 2006;73:255-71 pubmed
    ..The routine claw trimming performed in Norwegian free stalls has not had the desired effects on claw lesions and abnormal claw shapes. Routine trimming in tie stalls, however, seems to have prevented claw disorders...
  11. Zoric M, Sjolund M, Persson M, Nilsson E, Lundeheim N, Wallgren P. Lameness in piglets. Abrasions in nursing piglets and transfer of protection towards infections with Streptococci from sow to offspring. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2004;51:278-84 pubmed
    ..During the first 2 weeks of life somewhat lower median levels of serum antibodies were recorded among the piglets that were treated against arthritis (n = 8)...
  12. Simjee S, Pleuvry B, Coulthard P. Modulation of the gait deficit in arthritic rats by infusions of muscimol and bicuculline. Pain. 2004;109:453-60 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that the development of arthritic pain is increased in the absence of GABA(A) receptor tone and that increasing GABA(A) receptor tone can reduce arthritic pain but does not affect the disease process...
  13. Webster A. Effects of housing practices on the development of foot lesions in dairy heifers in early lactation. Vet Rec. 2002;151:9-12 pubmed
    ..By 12 weeks after calving, six of the 17 heifers in group 1 had sole ulcers but none of the 16 in group 2 had ulcers...
  14. Somers J, Frankena K, Noordhuizen Stassen E, Metz J. Prevalence of claw disorders in Dutch dairy cows exposed to several floor systems. J Dairy Sci. 2003;86:2082-93 pubmed
    ..This indicates that the level of DD infection has increased considerably over the last 10 yr in The Netherlands...
  15. Sogstad A, Fjeldaas T, Osterås O. Lameness and claw lesions of the Norwegian red dairy cattle housed in free stalls in relation to environment, parity and stage of lactation. Acta Vet Scand. 2005;46:203-17 pubmed
    ..As new free stalls are being built, it is important to optimise the conditions for claw health...
  16. Kaneene J, Ross W, Miller R. The Michigan equine monitoring system. II. Frequencies and impact of selected health problems. Prev Vet Med. 1997;29:277-92 pubmed
    ..Neurological problems, lameness, respiratory problems and gastrointestinal problems (other than colic) had the longest average days lost per case...
  17. Stokka G, Lechtenberg K, Edwards T, MacGregor S, Voss K, Griffin D, et al. Lameness in feedlot cattle. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2001;17:189-207, viii pubmed
    ..Specific conditions are discussed, including interdigital necrobacillosis, laminitis, feedlot injuries, and feedlot lameness associated with Mycoplasma bovis. Immune management of the foot is also reviewed...
  18. Moreau M, Dupuis J, Bonneau N, Desnoyers M. Clinical evaluation of a nutraceutical, carprofen and meloxicam for the treatment of dogs with osteoarthritis. Vet Rec. 2003;152:323-9 pubmed
    ..The blood and faecal analyses did not reveal any changes. The treatments were well tolerated, except for a case of hepatopathy in a dog treated with carprofen...
  19. Livesey C, Metcalf J, Laven R. Effect of concentrate composition and cubicle bedding on the development of hoof haemorrhages in Holstein heifers after calving. Vet Rec. 2003;152:735-9 pubmed
    ..However, the change had no significant effect on the development of hoof horn haemorrhages. The change of bedding material also had no significant effect on the development of hoof horn haemorrhages...
  20. Menalled L, Sison J, Dragatsis I, Zeitlin S, Chesselet M. Time course of early motor and neuropathological anomalies in a knock-in mouse model of Huntington's disease with 140 CAG repeats. J Comp Neurol. 2003;465:11-26 pubmed
    ..Because of their early behavioral anomalies and regionally specific pathology, these mice provide a powerful tool with which to evaluate the effectiveness of new therapies and to study the mechanisms involved in the neuropathology of HD...
  21. Petersson K, Strandberg E, Gustafsson H, Berglund B. Environmental effects on progesterone profile measures of dairy cow fertility. Anim Reprod Sci. 2006;91:201-14 pubmed
    ..10. Our study shows that early fertility measurements have a possibility to be used in breeding for better fertility. To improve the early fertility of the cow, there are a number of important factors that have to be taken into account...
  22. Zoric M, Stern S, Lundeheim N, Wallgren P. Four-year study of lameness in piglets at a research station. Vet Rec. 2003;153:323-8 pubmed
    ..Clinical signs of disease in the sow and whether the piglets were given an intramuscular injection of 200 mg of iron on their second, third or fourth day of life had no effect on the incidence of lameness...
  23. Offer J, Logue D, Offer N, Marsden M. The effect of concentrate composition on lameness and hoof health in dairy cows. Vet J. 2004;167:111-3 pubmed
  24. Manske T, Hultgren J, Bergsten C. Prevalence and interrelationships of hoof lesions and lameness in Swedish dairy cows. Prev Vet Med. 2002;54:247-63 pubmed
    ..Abnormal claw shape was strongly associated with sole ulcer (r(s)=0.41 at cow level)-suggesting the importance of maintaining a correct claw shape for the prevention of hoof-horn lesions...
  25. Pucheu B, Duhautois B. Surgical treatment of shoulder instability. A retrospective study on 76 cases (1993-2007). Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2008;21:368-74 pubmed
    ..During the medial transposition, the biceps tendon was easily and effectively stabilized using a metallic staple...
  26. Lafuente M, Fransson B, Lincoln J, Martinez S, Gavin P, Lahmers K, et al. Surgical treatment of mineralized and nonmineralized supraspinatus tendinopathy in twenty-four dogs. Vet Surg. 2009;38:380-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To report and compare the clinical diagnosis, surgical treatment, histopathologic changes, and outcomes of dogs with mineralized and nonmineralized supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST)...
  27. Luther J, Cook C, Cook J. Meniscal release in cruciate ligament intact stifles causes lameness and medial compartment cartilage pathology in dogs 12 weeks postoperatively. Vet Surg. 2009;38:520-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate after 12 weeks the effects of caudal medial meniscal release (MR) in the cranial cruciate ligament-intact canine stifle...
  28. Ragetly C, Griffon D, Mostafa A, Thomas J, Hsiao Wecksler E. Inverse dynamics analysis of the pelvic limbs in Labrador Retrievers with and without cranial cruciate ligament disease. Vet Surg. 2010;39:513-22 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate differences in joint mechanics between normal, CCL deficient, and contralateral pelvic limbs...
  29. Joslyn S, Witte P, Scott H. Delayed spinal cord injury following microchip placement in a dog. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2010;23:214-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Two weeks following surgery the dog showed return of left forelimb function and resolving tetraparesis. Microchip implantation had been performed three years previously...
  30. Barry S, Lafuente M, Martinez S. Arthropathy caused by a lead bullet in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008;232:886-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A 3-year-old spayed female Labrador Retriever was evaluated for progressive lameness of the left forelimb 21 months after being shot in the elbow with a lead bullet...
  31. Parkes R, Weller R, Groth A, May S, Pfau T. Evidence of the development of 'domain-restricted' expertise in the recognition of asymmetric motion characteristics of hindlimb lameness in the horse. Equine Vet J. 2009;41:112-7 pubmed
    ..However, to date there are no data available on the ability of the human visual system to recognise (a)symmetry in moving objects...
  32. Jenner F, Ross M, Martin B, Richardson D. Scapulohumeral osteochondrosis. A retrospective study of 32 horses. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2008;21:406-12 pubmed
    ..To review the outcome of equine shoulder osteochondrosis (OC) with surgical or conservative treatment...
  33. Ferket P, Oviedo Rondon E, Mente P, Bohórquez D, Santos A, Grimes J, et al. Organic trace minerals and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol affect performance characteristics, leg abnormalities, and biomechanical properties of leg bones of turkeys. Poult Sci. 2009;88:118-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Dietary supplementation of MIN and HyD may improve biomechanical properties of bones. Dietary MIN supplementation may improve feed conversion of turkeys, likely by decreasing leg problems...
  34. Cook N, Nordlund K. The influence of the environment on dairy cow behavior, claw health and herd lameness dynamics. Vet J. 2009;179:360-9 pubmed
    ..However, caution is required when using rubber floors in pens with uncomfortable stalls due to apparent adverse effects on cow time budgets, which may in turn have a detrimental effect on lameness...
  35. Sampson S, Schneider R, Gavin P, Ho C, Tucker R, Charles E. Magnetic resonance imaging findings in horses with recent onset navicular syndrome but without radiographic abnormalities. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2009;50:339-46 pubmed
    ..This provides a more specific diagnosis which affects further treatment of the horse. Pathologic changes in different locations in the foot can cause similar clinical signs that, before MR imaging, were categorized as one syndrome...
  36. Hoffmann M, Hopf R, Niederreiter B, Redl H, Smolen J, Steiner G. Gait changes precede overt arthritis and strongly correlate with symptoms and histopathological events in pristane-induced arthritis. Arthritis Res Ther. 2010;12:R41 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate this issue a detailed analysis of the pathologic changes occurring during the prodromal and early stages of PIA was performed...
  37. Broster C, Burn C, Barr A, Whay H. The range and prevalence of pathological abnormalities associated with lameness in working horses from developing countries. Equine Vet J. 2009;41:474-81 pubmed
    ..With over 42 million horses in developing countries and the majority used for work, lameness has major welfare implications...
  38. Silver I. Laminitis: drink deep, or taste not the Pierian Spring. Equine Vet J. 2008;40:431-2 pubmed publisher
  39. Gulay M, Liboni M, Hayen M, Head H. Supplementing Holstein cows with low doses of bovine somatotropin prepartum and postpartum reduces calving-related diseases. J Dairy Sci. 2007;90:5439-45 pubmed
    ..Importantly, no negative effects of bST supplementation on postpartum calving diseases were detected compared with nonsupplemented cows...
  40. Winegardner K, Scrivani P, Krotscheck U, Todhunter R. Magnetic resonance imaging of subarticular bone marrow lesions in dogs with stifle lameness. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2007;48:312-7 pubmed
    ..High-signal STIR lesions may be a common sign in naturally acquired canine stifle disease, but the pathogenesis, prognostic and diagnostic values need further investigation...
  41. Cannon M, Puchalski S. Ultrasonographic evaluation of normal canine iliopsoas muscle. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2008;49:378-82 pubmed
    ..Ultrasound is an important tool for the diagnosis of musculotendinous injury and may be useful for identification of ilipsoas injury as a cause of lameness in the dog...
  42. Vezzoni A, Bohorquez Vanelli A, Modenato M, Dziezyc J, Devine Slocum T. Proximal tibial epiphysiodesis to reduce tibial plateau slope in young dogs with cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifle. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2008;21:343-8 pubmed
    ..The technique appeared to be mini-invasive and malalignment complications could be avoided by correct and precise insertion of the screw...
  43. Coudry V, Denoix J, Didierlaurent D, Rossignol F, Audigie F. Use of magnetic resonance imaging to diagnose the cause of proximal metacarpal pain in a standardbred trotter. Vet Rec. 2008;162:790-2 pubmed
  44. Brokken M, Schneider R, Tucker R. Surgical approach for removal of nonarticular base sesamoid fragments of the proximal sesamoid bones in horses. Vet Surg. 2008;37:619-24 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe a surgical approach for the removal of nonarticular base sesamoid fragments in performance horses and to report the outcome...
  45. Burton N, Dobney J, Owen M, Colborne G. Joint angle, moment and power compensations in dogs with fragmented medial coronoid process. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2008;21:110-8 pubmed
    ..05) being most affected in its propulsive phase in the second half of stance. Inverse dynamic analysis of this clinical condition is an objective means by which to assess the mechanical disruption to gait...
  46. Draffan D, Clements D, Farrell M, Heller J, Bennett D, Carmichael S. The role of computed tomography in the classification and management of pelvic fractures. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2009;22:190-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Experienced orthopaedic surgeons often disagreed on the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of pelvic trauma...
  47. Kunkel K, Palmisano M, Stefanacci J. Imaging diagnosis--spinal myxosarcoma in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2007;48:557-9 pubmed
  48. Burton N, Owen M. Limb alignment of pes valgus in a giant breed dog by plate-rod fixation. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2007;20:236-40 pubmed
    ..Following surgical correction of the deformity the dog regained good functional mobility of the limb...
  49. Evans D. Physiology of equine performance and associated tests of function. Equine Vet J. 2007;39:373-83 pubmed
    ..Emphasis is given to the assessment of pulmonary ventilation by techniques such as spirometry and ergospirometry. These techniques are considered to be of particular potential for further development...
  50. Egenvall A, Bonnett B, Wattle O, Emanuelson U. Veterinary-care events and costs over a 5-year follow-up period for warmblooded riding horses with or without previously recorded locomotor problems in Sweden. Prev Vet Med. 2008;83:130-43 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the horses with previous locomotor problems continued to have considerably more veterinary-care events and higher costs for locomotor problems during the follow-up period...
  51. Harper T, Miller J, Filipowicz D. What is your diagnosis? Periarticular osteophyte production, cortical remodeling, and stifle joint effusion are evident. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008;232:681-2 pubmed publisher
  52. Schmidt M, Schachenmayr W, Thiel C, Kramer M. Recurrent spinal arachnoid cyst in a cat. J Feline Med Surg. 2007;9:509-13 pubmed
    ..SACs are very rare in cats and seem to occur mainly as a secondary lesion to spinal and meningeal trauma or irritation due to bony changes of the vertebrae...
  53. van Bruggen L, Hazewinkel H, Wolschrijn C, Voorhout G, Pollak Y, Barthez P. Bone scintigraphy for the diagnosis of an abnormal medial coronoid process in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2010;51:344-8 pubmed
    ..Based on our results, bone scintigraphy may be a valuable diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of abnormalities of the MCP in dogs, and particularly in older dogs where clinical and radiographic changes may be ambiguous...