air sacs

Summary

Summary: Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.

Top Publications

  1. Berenbrink M, Koldkjaer P, Kepp O, Cossins A. Evolution of oxygen secretion in fishes and the emergence of a complex physiological system. Science. 2005;307:1752-7 pubmed
    ..Our synthesis reveals the dynamics of gains and losses of these multiple traits over time, accounting for part of the huge diversity of form and function in living fishes...
  2. Webb J, Herman J, Woods C, Ketten D. The ears of butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae): 'hearing generalists' on noisy coral reefs?. J Fish Biol. 2010;77:1406-23 pubmed publisher
  3. Reeder D, Jech J, Stanton T. Broadband acoustic backscatter and high-resolution morphology of fish: measurement and modeling. J Acoust Soc Am. 2004;116:747-61 pubmed
    ..In addition to further validation of the KRM model, the potential of the new FMM formulation was demonstrated, which is a versatile approach, valid over a wide range of shapes, all frequencies and all angles of orientation...
  4. Knopf K, Mahnke M. Differences in susceptibility of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) and the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) to the swim-bladder nematode Anguillicola crassus. Parasitology. 2004;129:491-6 pubmed
    ..japonica compared with A. anguilla. These results demonstrate that the original host, A. japonica, possesses more effective defence mechanisms against A. crassus than does the non-adapted host, A. anguilla...
  5. Wysocki L, Codarin A, Ladich F, Picciulin M. Sound pressure and particle acceleration audiograms in three marine fish species from the Adriatic Sea. J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;126:2100-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The low auditory thresholds and the large hearing bandwidth of S. umbra indicate that sound pressure may play a role in S. umbra's hearing, even though pronounced connections between the swim bladder and the inner ears are lacking...
  6. Wilson J, D Emic M, Ikejiri T, Moacdieh E, Whitlock J. A nomenclature for vertebral fossae in sauropods and other saurischian dinosaurs. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17114 pubmed publisher
    ..This deficiency has fostered confusion and limited their use as character data in phylogenetic analysis...
  7. Sato M, Kornberg T. FGF is an essential mitogen and chemoattractant for the air sacs of the drosophila tracheal system. Dev Cell. 2002;3:195-207 pubmed
    ..We have studied the derivation of part of this system, the air sacs of the dorsal thorax...
  8. Farmer C. On the origin of avian air sacs. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2006;154:89-106 pubmed
    ..With this transition avian air sacs may have been favored because they enhanced balance and agility in flight...
  9. Horodysky A, Brill R, Fine M, Musick J, Latour R. Acoustic pressure and particle motion thresholds in six sciaenid fishes. J Exp Biol. 2008;211:1504-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Auditory thresholds of these species were used to estimate idealized propagation distances of sciaenid vocalizations in coastal and estuarine environments...

More Information

Publications84

  1. Finney J, Robertson G, McGee C, Smith F, Croll R. Structure and autonomic innervation of the swim bladder in the zebrafish (Danio rerio). J Comp Neurol. 2006;495:587-606 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that the zebrafish swim bladder is a complex and richly innervated organ and that buoyancy-regulating effectors may be controlled by multiple populations of autonomic neurons...
  2. Moravec F, Nagasawa K, Miyakawa M. First record of ostracods as natural intermediate hosts of Anguillicola crassus, a pathogenic swimbladder parasite of eels Anguilla spp. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;66:171-3 pubmed
    ..This indicates that A. crassus could complete its life cycle under conditions of modern eel-culture technology where copepods were absent due to the unfavorable water quality for them, by utilizing ostracods as the intermediate host...
  3. Birindelli J, Shibatta O. Morphology of the gas bladder in bumblebee catfishes (Siluriformes, Pseudopimelodidae). J Morphol. 2011;272:890-6 pubmed publisher
    ..J. Morphol., 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc...
  4. Müller I, Knapik E, Hatzopoulos A. Expression of the protein related to Dan and Cerberus gene--prdc--During eye, pharyngeal arch, somite, and swim bladder development in zebrafish. Dev Dyn. 2006;235:2881-8 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the complexity of the prdc expression pattern suggests possible roles in eye development, pharyngeal arch remodeling, somitogenesis, and swim bladder organogenesis...
  5. Lefebvre F, Crivelli A. Anguillicolosis: dynamics of the infection over two decades. Dis Aquat Organ. 2004;62:227-32 pubmed
    ..e. the swimbladder, unsuitable for further A. crassus establishment. In support of this hypothesis, we showed that the infection rate is lower among eels with severely damaged swimbladders...
  6. Ramcharitar J, Deng X, Ketten D, Popper A. Form and function in the unique inner ear of a teleost: the silver perch (Bairdiella chrysoura). J Comp Neurol. 2004;475:531-9 pubmed
    ..The findings of this study support the proposal that sciaenids are excellent model species for investigating structure-function relations in the teleost auditory system...
  7. Teoh P, Shu Chien A, Chan W. Pbx1 is essential for growth of zebrafish swim bladder. Dev Dyn. 2010;239:865-74 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the expression of anxa5 was completely abolished by pbx1 knockdown at 60 hpf suggesting that pbx1 may be required during the late stage of swim bladder development...
  8. Pelster B. pH regulation and swimbladder function in fish. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2004;144:179-90 pubmed
    ..The mechanisms regulating the activity of these acid-secreting pathways and of the metabolism responsible for the production of protons are largely unknown...
  9. Lefebvre F, Fazio G, Palstra A, Szekely C, Crivelli A. An evaluation of indices of gross pathology associated with the nematode Anguillicoloides crassus in eels. J Fish Dis. 2011;34:31-45 pubmed publisher
  10. Ladich F, Wysocki L. How does tripus extirpation affect auditory sensitivity in goldfish?. Hear Res. 2003;182:119-29 pubmed
    ..This suggests that the auditory system in otophysines improves with increasing frequency due to a more efficient connection between the swimbladder and inner ear ensured by the Weberian ossicles...
  11. Perlberg S, Diamant A, Ofir R, Zilberg D. Characterization of swim bladder non-inflation (SBN) in angelfish, Pterophyllum scalare (Schultz), and the effect of exposure to methylene blue. J Fish Dis. 2008;31:215-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Histologically, abnormal swim bladders in larvae hatched in 5 ppm MB could not be distinguished from those in fish raised under routine conditions (0.5 ppm MB). We suggest that MB may have a teratogenic effect in angelfish...
  12. Pelster B. Mechanisms of acid release in isolated gas gland cells of the European eel Anguilla anguilla. Am J Physiol. 1995;269:R793-9 pubmed
    ..4 nmol/l). Prontosil-dextran, a membrane-impermeable sulfonamide, also reduced the proton release, thus indicating the presence of a membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase facing the extracellular space...
  13. O Connor P. Postcranial pneumaticity: an evaluation of soft-tissue influences on the postcranial skeleton and the reconstruction of pulmonary anatomy in archosaurs. J Morphol. 2006;267:1199-226 pubmed
    ..diverticula of a cervical air sac system, with sacral pneumaticity indicating the presence of caudally expanding air sacs and/or diverticula...
  14. Knopf K, Madriles Helm A, Lucius R, Bleiss W, Taraschewski H. Migratory response of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) phagocytes to the eel swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:1311-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, infection of European eels with A. crassus leads to an activation of the defence cells resulting in an increased migration activity compared to uninfected eels...
  15. Parmentier E, Mann K, Mann D. Hearing and morphological specializations of the mojarra (Eucinostomus argenteus). J Exp Biol. 2011;214:2697-701 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the inclined position of the swimbladder may help the fish to catch their prey more easily, as the swimbladder will be horizontal when they are picking up benthic prey...
  16. Schulz Mirbach T, Metscher B, Ladich F. Relationship between swim bladder morphology and hearing abilities--a case study on Asian and African cichlids. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e42292 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigates the diversity of swim bladder morphology in four Asian and African cichlid species and analyzes how this diversity affects their hearing sensitivity...
  17. McCune A, Carlson R. Twenty ways to lose your bladder: common natural mutants in zebrafish and widespread convergence of swim bladder loss among teleost fishes. Evol Dev. 2004;6:246-59 pubmed
    ..In this way, developmental bias and selection can work together to produce widespread convergence...
  18. Laetsch D, Heitlinger E, Taraschewski H, Nadler S, Blaxter M. The phylogenetics of Anguillicolidae (Nematoda: Anguillicoloidea), swimbladder parasites of eels. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:60 pubmed publisher
    ..Anguillicolidae is part of Spirurina, a diverse clade made up of only animal parasites, but placement of the family within Spirurina is based on limited data...
  19. Beregi A, Molnar K, Békési L, Szekely C. Radiodiagnostic method for studying swimbladder inflammation caused by Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea). Dis Aquat Organ. 1998;34:155-60 pubmed
    ..Results obtained by radiography showed good agreement with dissection findings. Radiographic results are compared with pathological findings obtained from fish dissections separately for each severity grade of infection...
  20. Reidenberg J, Laitman J. Sisters of the sinuses: cetacean air sacs. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2008;291:1389-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Odontocetes (toothed whales) exhibit several pairs of paranasal air sacs. Although fossil evidence indicates that paranasal sinuses occur in archaeocetes (ancestors/relatives of living ..
  21. Sures B, Knopf K, Taraschewski H. Development of Anguillicola crassus (Dracunculoidea, Anguillicolidae) in experimentally infected Balearic congers Ariosoma balearicum (Anguilloidea, Congridae). Dis Aquat Organ. 1999;39:75-8 pubmed
    ..Factors determining the definitive host range of A. crassus remain to be elucidated. Water salinity does not seem to act as a factor affecting definitive host specificity once the parasite has become ingested by the eel...
  22. Zheng W, Wang Z, Collins J, Andrews R, STEMPLE D, Gong Z. Comparative transcriptome analyses indicate molecular homology of zebrafish swimbladder and mammalian lung. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24019 pubmed publisher
    ..Our comparative analyses also provide molecular evidence of the relatedness of the fish swimbladder and mammalian lung...
  23. Birindelli J, Akama A, Britski H. Comparative morphology of the gas bladder in driftwood catfishes (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae). J Morphol. 2012;273:651-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Eight phylogenetic characters are proposed based on the morphology of the gas bladder and associated structures in species of Auchenipteridae, and the evolution of those characters in the family discussed...
  24. Winata C, Korzh S, Kondrychyn I, Zheng W, Korzh V, Gong Z. Development of zebrafish swimbladder: The requirement of Hedgehog signaling in specification and organization of the three tissue layers. Dev Biol. 2009;331:222-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, time-specific Hh inhibition by cyclopamine revealed different requirements of Hh signaling in the formation and organization of all three tissue layers of swimbladder...
  25. de Boer B. Loss of air sacs improved hominin speech abilities. J Hum Evol. 2012;62:1-6 pubmed publisher
    In this paper, the acoustic-perceptual effects of air sacs are investigated. Using an adaptive hearing experiment, it is shown that air sacs reduce the perceptual effect of vowel-like articulations...
  26. Longrie N, Van Wassenbergh S, Vandewalle P, Mauguit Q, Parmentier E. Potential mechanism of sound production in Oreochromis niloticus (Cichlidae). J Exp Biol. 2009;212:3395-402 pubmed publisher
    ..Contraction of these bundles should result in compression of the rib cage and also of the swimbladder, because of its close association with the serosa and ribs. Deflation of the swimbladder resulted in a reduced sound intensity...
  27. Winata C, Korzh S, Kondrychyn I, Korzh V, Gong Z. The role of vasculature and blood circulation in zebrafish swimbladder development. BMC Dev Biol. 2010;10:3 pubmed publisher
    ..As the swimbladder is lined with an intricate network of blood capillaries, it is of interest to investigate the role of the vascular system during early development of swimbladder...
  28. Knopf K, Wurtz J, Sures B, Taraschewski H. Impact of low water temperature on the development of Anguillicola crassus in the final host Anguilla anguilla. Dis Aquat Organ. 1998;33:143-9 pubmed
    ..The experimentally obtained results support the hypothesis that the spread of A. crassus in boreal regions, e.g. Northern Europe, is restricted by the natural ambient temperature regimes...
  29. Ramcharitar J, Higgs D, Popper A. Audition in sciaenid fishes with different swim bladder-inner ear configurations. J Acoust Soc Am. 2006;119:439-43 pubmed
    ..There were, however, no significant interspecific differences in auditory sensitivity for stimuli between 200 and 700 Hz. These data support the hypothesis that the swim bladder can potentially expand the frequency range of detection...
  30. Wedel M. Evidence for bird-like air sacs in saurischian dinosaurs. J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol. 2009;311:611-28 pubmed publisher
    ..bones are only present in birds, and they are osteological correlates of the diverticular lungs and pulmonary air sacs. The presence of postcranial pneumaticity in sauropod and theropod dinosaurs suggests that some form of air sac ..
  31. Abbas L, Whitfield T. Nkcc1 (Slc12a2) is required for the regulation of endolymph volume in the otic vesicle and swim bladder volume in the zebrafish larva. Development. 2009;136:2837-48 pubmed publisher
    ..This exemplifies the use of morpholinos as potential therapeutic agents for genetic disease...
  32. Lechner W, Ladich F. Size matters: diversity in swimbladders and Weberian ossicles affects hearing in catfishes. J Exp Biol. 2008;211:1681-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We furthermore assume that the tiny bladders have minimized their hydrostatic function but were not completely lost because of their auditory function...
  33. Bird N, Hernandez L. Morphological variation in the Weberian apparatus of Cypriniformes. J Morphol. 2007;268:739-57 pubmed
    ..For example, inhabiting swift-moving waters appears to be a key factor in the encapsulation of the anterior gas bladder in some cobitids, balitorids, and gobionin cyprinids...
  34. Moravec F, Justine J. Redescription of Metabronema magnum (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae), a swimbladder parasite of the carangid fish Gnathanodon speciosus off New Caledonia. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2007;54:293-300 pubmed
    ..Since the morphology of M. magnum considerably differs from that of other representatives of the Cystidicolidae, Metabronema in Rasheed's (1966) conception is considered a valid genus...
  35. Sereno P, Martinez R, Wilson J, Varricchio D, Alcober O, Larsson H. Evidence for avian intrathoracic air sacs in a new predatory dinosaur from Argentina. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e3303 pubmed publisher
    ..possess a unique heterogeneous pulmonary system composed of a rigid, dorsally-anchored lung and several compliant air sacs that operate as bellows, driving inspired air through the lung...
  36. Robertson G, McGee C, Dumbarton T, Croll R, Smith F. Development of the swimbladder and its innervation in the zebrafish, Danio rerio. J Morphol. 2007;268:967-85 pubmed
  37. Georgijevic S, Subramanian Y, Rollins E, Starovic Subota O, Tang A, Childs S. Spatiotemporal expression of smooth muscle markers in developing zebrafish gut. Dev Dyn. 2007;236:1623-32 pubmed
    ..We find that smooth muscle marker expression in the swim bladder follows the same sequence of marker expression as the gut, but markers have a temporal delay reflecting the later formation of swim bladder smooth muscle...
  38. Webb J, Smith W, Ketten D. The laterophysic connection and swim bladder of butterflyfishes in the genus Chaetodon (Perciformes: Chaetodontidae). J Morphol. 2006;267:1338-55 pubmed
    ..The data presented here provide the comparative morphological context for the functional analysis of this novel swim bladder-lateral line connection...
  39. Knopf K. The swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus in the European eel Anguilla anguilla and the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica: differences in susceptibility and immunity between a recently colonized host and the original host. J Helminthol. 2006;80:129-36 pubmed
    ..Immunization with irradiated third stage larvae provided preliminary evidence for acquired immunity against A. crassus in the Japanese eel, but not in the European eel...
  40. Zeddies D, Fay R. Development of the acoustically evoked behavioral response in zebrafish to pure tones. J Exp Biol. 2005;208:1363-72 pubmed
  41. Taraschewski H, Boomker J, Knopf K, Moravec F. Anguillicola papernai (Nematoda: Anguillicolidae) and other helminths parasitizing the African longfin eel Anguilla mossambica. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;63:185-95 pubmed
    ..In this study A. papernai has been experimentally demonstrated to be capable of reproducing in the European eel and of using European copepods as intermediate hosts...
  42. Sures B, Knopf K, Wurtz J, Hirt J. Richness and diversity of parasite communities in European eels Anguilla anguilla of the River Rhine, Germany, with special reference to helminth parasites. Parasitology. 1999;119 ( Pt 3):323-30 pubmed
    ..The evenness reached only approximately 50% or less and it remained unclear why the helminth communities of the eels from the River Rhine with its huge catchment area exhibit such a low parasite diversity and high dominance...
  43. Münderle M, Taraschewski H, Klar B, Chang C, Shiao J, Shen K, et al. Occurrence of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) in Japanese eels Anguilla japonica from a river and an aquaculture unit in SW Taiwan. Dis Aquat Organ. 2006;71:101-8 pubmed
    ..crassus on this host. This study shows that A. crassus is moderately common in cultured and wild Japanese eels in Taiwan, where the parasite is endemic...
  44. Taraschewski H. Hosts and parasites as aliens. J Helminthol. 2006;80:99-128 pubmed
    ..Summarizing all we know about hosts and parasites as aliens, tentative patterns and principles can be figured out, but individual case studies teach us that generalizations should be avoided...
  45. Ladich F. Sound-generating and -detecting motor system in catfish: design of swimbladder muscles in doradids and pimelodids. Anat Rec. 2001;263:297-306 pubmed
    ..The fine structure of the TT reveals that contractions most likely prevent transmission of swimbladder vibrations to the inner ear via the Weberian ossicles during vocalization...
  46. Wei C, Au W, Song Z, Zhang Y. The role of various structures in the head on the formation of the biosonar beam of the baiji (Lipotes vexillifer). J Acoust Soc Am. 2016;139:875-80 pubmed publisher
    ..numerically simulate the acoustic propagation through a dolphin's head to examine the relative role of the skull, air sacs, and melon in the formation of the biosonar beam in the vertical plane...
  47. Russell S. The effect of airsacculitis on bird weights, uniformity, fecal contamination, processing errors, and populations of Campylobacter spp. and Escherichia coli. Poult Sci. 2003;82:1326-31 pubmed
    ..broiler companies should emphasize control of AS in the flocks as a means of preventing subsequent food-borne bacterial infection. ..
  48. Love R, Thompson C, Nero R. Changes in volume reverberation from deep to shallow water in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. J Acoust Soc Am. 2003;114:2698-708 pubmed
    ..Hence, experiment results confirmed that, as expected, volume reverberation over shelf waters is different and more variable than in deeper waters of the eastern Gulf of Mexico. ..
  49. Robertson G, Lindsey B, Dumbarton T, Croll R, Smith F. The contribution of the swimbladder to buoyancy in the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio): a morphometric analysis. J Morphol. 2008;269:666-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we describe and verify a stereological method for estimating swimbladder volume that will aid future studies of the functions of this organ. ..
  50. Guo H, Kazadaeva Y, Ortega F, Manjunath N, Desai T. Trinucleotide repeat containing 6c (TNRC6c) is essential for microvascular maturation during distal airspace sacculation in the developing lung. Dev Biol. 2017;430:214-223 pubmed publisher
    ..TGF? family mutant mice exhibit a similar lung phenotype of thick-walled air sacs and neonatal lethality, and qRT-PCR confirmed dynamic downregulation of TGF?1 and TGF?R2 in TNRC6c mutant lungs ..
  51. Tagami T, Suzuki T, Matsunaga M, Nakamura K, Moriyoshi N, Ishida T, et al. Anti-angiogenic therapy via cationic liposome-mediated systemic siRNA delivery. Int J Pharm. 2012;422:280-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that the PEGylated cationic liposome-mediated systemic delivery of cytotoxic siRNA achieves anti-angiogenesis, resulting in the suppression of tumor growth. ..
  52. Noormohammadi A, Jones J, Harrigan K, Whithear K. Evaluation of the non-temperature-sensitive field clonal isolates of the Mycoplasma synoviae vaccine strain MS-H. Avian Dis. 2003;47:355-60 pubmed
    ..The vaccine parent strain 86079/7NS and two of the ts- clones were recovered from the air sacs of the respectively infected chickens whereas the MS-H vaccine and two other ts- clones were not...
  53. Székely C, Molnár K, Rácz O. Radiodiagnostic method for studying the dynamics of Anguillicola crassus (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) infection and pathological status of the swimbladder in Lake Balaton eels. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;64:53-61 pubmed
    ..With the help of the radiographs presented, the dynamics of A. crassus infection and of changes in the swimbladder of individual eel specimens can be monitored easily...
  54. Roy S, Huang H, Liu S, Kornberg T. Cytoneme-mediated contact-dependent transport of the Drosophila decapentaplegic signaling protein. Science. 2014;343:1244624 pubmed publisher
  55. Heitlinger E, Bridgett S, Montazam A, Taraschewski H, Blaxter M. The transcriptome of the invasive eel swimbladder nematode parasite Anguillicola crassus. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:87 pubmed publisher
    ..The identification of peptidases under positive selection is a first step in this programme. ..
  56. Lagardère J, Millot S, Parmentier E. Aspects of sound communication in the pearlfish Carapus boraborensis and Carapus homei (Carapidae). J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol. 2005;303:1066-74 pubmed
    ..It highlights that both carapids are able to adapt their sounds to the facing species. Because a modification of the sound appears to be done at the first emission, it is supposed that recognition precedes the sound emission. ..
  57. Kirkton S, Hennessey L, Duffy B, Bennett M, Lee W, Greenlee K. Intermolt development reduces oxygen delivery capacity and jumping performance in the American locust (Schistocerca americana). J Comp Physiol B. 2012;182:217-30 pubmed publisher
    ..that late stage grasshoppers had a lower proportion of their body dedicated to respiratory structures, especially air sacs, which convectively ventilate the tracheal system...
  58. Strugnell B, Dagleish M, Bayne C, Brown M, Ainsworth H, Nicholas R, et al. Investigations into an outbreak of corvid respiratory disease associated with Pasteurella multocida. Avian Pathol. 2011;40:329-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that wild corvids in the UK can suffer from lung pathology associated with P. multocida and, as potential vectors of P. multocida, may pose a risk to domestic poultry. ..
  59. Perkins L, Swayne D. Susceptibility of laughing gulls (Larus atricilla) to H5N1 and H5N3 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses. Avian Dis. 2002;46:877-85 pubmed
    ..from infection with either virus were only mild, with the tern/SA virus causing decreased lucency of the air sacs (2/6), splenomegaly (2/6), and pancreatic mottling (1/6) and the chicken/HK virus causing only decreased lucency ..
  60. Holzer A, Schachner O. Myxobolus cycloides on the swimbladder of chub Leuciscus cephalus: a controlled, host-specific localisation. Dis Aquat Organ. 2002;49:179-83 pubmed
  61. Zebedin A, Ladich F. Does the hearing sensitivity in thorny catfishes depend on swim bladder morphology?. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e67049 pubmed publisher
    ..This is in contrast to a prior inter-familial study on catfishes in which species with large unpaired bladders possessed higher sensitivity at higher frequencies than species having tiny paired and encapsulated bladders. ..
  62. Huff G, Huff W, Balog J, Rath N, Izard R. The effects of water supplementation with vitamin E and sodium salicylate (Uni-Sol) on the resistance of turkeys to Escherichia coli respiratory infection. Avian Dis. 2004;48:324-31 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that treatment of turkey poults with vitamin E or Uni-Sol prior to and during the stressful events that can lead to colisepticema may decrease disease incidence and mortality. ..
  63. Parmentier E, Bouillac G, Dragicevic B, Dulcic J, Fine M. Call properties and morphology of the sound-producing organ in Ophidion rochei (Ophidiidae). J Exp Biol. 2010;213:3230-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The 'bow' hypothesis involves a release mechanism with the sustained contraction of the dorsal muscle during all of the call, and the rapid contraction/relaxation of the ventral muscle to form each pulse. ..
  64. Taylor G, Holbrook R, de Perera T. Fractional rate of change of swim-bladder volume is reliably related to absolute depth during vertical displacements in teleost fish. J R Soc Interface. 2010;7:1379-82 pubmed publisher
    ..There is therefore no a priori physical justification for assuming that teleost fish cannot sense absolute depth by using hydrostatic pressure cues. ..
  65. Grotmol S, Kryvi H, Totland G. Deformation of the notochord by pressure from the swim bladder may cause malformation of the vertebral column in cultured Atlantic cod Gadus morhua larvae: a case study. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005;65:121-8 pubmed
    ..Chronic overinflation of the swim bladder or pathological dilatation of the digestive tract may cause the lesions, and aetiology may be related to factors that influence the function of these organs. ..
  66. Krasnikova T, Arefieva T, Melekhov M, Kukhtina N, Sidorova M, Molokoedov A, et al. The peptide of sequence 66-77 of monocytic chemotactic protein (MCP-1) inhibits inflammation in experimental animals. Dokl Biol Sci. 2005;404:402-5 pubmed
  67. Chen J, Tanguay R, Tal T, Gai Z, Ma X, Bai C, et al. Early life perfluorooctanesulphonic acid (PFOS) exposure impairs zebrafish organogenesis. Aquat Toxicol. 2014;150:124-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, early life stage exposure to PFOS perturbs various molecular pathways potentially resulting in observed defects in swim bladder and gut development. ..
  68. Veit L, Aronov D, Fee M. Learning to breathe and sing: development of respiratory-vocal coordination in young songbirds. J Neurophysiol. 2011;106:1747-65 pubmed publisher
  69. Alliende J, Mendez J, Goller F, Mindlin G. Hormonal acceleration of song development illuminates motor control mechanism in canaries. Dev Neurobiol. 2010;70:943-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Extensive practice of these motor patterns during the sensorimotor phase is not required for their expression...
  70. Prem C, Pelster B. Swimbladder gas gland cells cultured on permeable supports regain their characteristic polarity. J Exp Biol. 2001;204:4023-9 pubmed
    ..Cells cultured in the air/liquid system showed a similar structure and polarity...
  71. Divers S. Avian diagnostic endoscopy. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2010;13:187-202 pubmed publisher
  72. Zhu Y, Song D, Tran N, Nguyen N. The effects of the members of growth hormone family knockdown in zebrafish development. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2007;150:395-404 pubmed
    ..These results provide the first evidence that members of the GH/PRL superfamily play a role in proper development of various structures including the head, eyes, melanophores and the gas bladder in zebrafish...
  73. Desmidt M, Ducatelle R, Uyttebroek E, Charlier G, Hoorens J. Respiratory adenovirus-like infection in a rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri). Avian Dis. 1991;35:1001-6 pubmed
    ..Transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of numerous particles of adenovirus morphology. A latent adenovirus infection may have become more severe following chlamydiosis and the stress of handling...
  74. Follo C, Ozzano M, Mugoni V, Castino R, Santoro M, Isidoro C. Knock-down of cathepsin D affects the retinal pigment epithelium, impairs swim-bladder ontogenesis and causes premature death in zebrafish. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e21908 pubmed publisher
    ..Rescue experiments confirmed the involvement of CD in the developmental processes leading to these phenotypic alterations. Our findings add to the list of CD functions in organ development and patho-physiology in vertebrates...
  75. Stewart W, McHenry M. Sensing the strike of a predator fish depends on the specific gravity of a prey fish. J Exp Biol. 2010;213:3769-77 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings demonstrate that the ability of a prey fish to sense a predator depends crucially on the specific gravity of the prey...