Summary: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.

Top Publications

  1. Kennedy Q, Taylor J, Noda A, Adamson M, Murphy G, Zeitzer J, et al. The roles of COMT val158met status and aviation expertise in flight simulator performance and cognitive ability. Behav Genet. 2011;41:700-8 pubmed publisher
    ..effects extend to a real-world task, aircraft navigation performance in a flight simulator; and (3) determine if aviation expertise moderates any effect of COMT val158met status on flight simulator performance...
  2. Catchpole K, Dale T, Hirst D, Smith J, Giddings T. A multicenter trial of aviation-style training for surgical teams. J Patient Saf. 2010;6:180-6 pubmed publisher
    This study measured the effect of aviation-style team training on 3 surgical teams from different specialties...
  3. Zadik Y. Aviation dentistry: current concepts and practice. Br Dent J. 2009;206:11-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this article is to introduce the concepts of aviation (aerospace) medicine and dentistry...
  4. Causse M, Peran P, Dehais F, Caravasso C, Zeffiro T, Sabatini U, et al. Affective decision making under uncertainty during a plausible aviation task: an fMRI study. Neuroimage. 2013;71:19-29 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated this hypothesis by combining functional neuroimaging with an ecologically valid aviation task performed under contextual variation in incentive and situational uncertainty...
  5. Payette M, Chatterjee A, Weeks W. Cost and workforce implications of subjecting all physicians to aviation industry work-hour restrictions. Am J Surg. 2009;197:820-5; discussion 826-7 pubmed publisher
    Efforts to improve patient safety have attempted to incorporate aviation industry safety standards...
  6. Reader T, Cuthbertson B. Teamwork and team training in the ICU: where do the similarities with aviation end?. Crit Care. 2011;15:313 pubmed publisher
    The aviation industry has made significant progress in identifying the skills and behaviors that result in effective teamwork...
  7. Miranda M, Anthopolos R, Hastings D. A geospatial analysis of the effects of aviation gasoline on childhood blood lead levels. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:1513-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Aviation gasoline, commonly referred to as avgas, is a leaded fuel used in small aircraft. Recent concern about the effects of lead emissions from planes has motivated the U.S. Environmental Protection to consider regulating leaded avgas.
  8. Cabarkapa M, Korica V, Rodjenkov S. [Personal traits and a sense of job-related stress in a military aviation crew]. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2011;68:143-9 pubmed
    ..Since these changes are particularly common in military aviation, this study examined the way military aviation crew experiences job-related stress during a regular aviation ..
  9. De Luca C, Deeva I, Mariani S, Maiani G, Stancato A, Korkina L. Monitoring antioxidant defenses and free radical production in space-flight, aviation and railway engine operators, for the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress, immunological impairment, and pre-mature cell aging. Toxicol Ind Health. 2009;25:259-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Long route aviation pilots display elevated oncogenic risk, connected with cosmic radiation overexposure, and high mortality rates ..

More Information


  1. Zeltser M, Nash D. Approaching the evidence basis for aviation-derived teamwork training in medicine. Am J Med Qual. 2010;25:13-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Training on such topics has been adapted from teamwork training programs used in military and commercial aviation, called crew resource management (CRM)...
  2. Sax H, Browne P, Mayewski R, Panzer R, Hittner K, Burke R, et al. Can aviation-based team training elicit sustainable behavioral change?. Arch Surg. 2009;144:1133-7 pubmed publisher
    To quantify effects of aviation-based crew resource management training on patient safety-related behaviors and perceived personal empowerment...
  3. Tiewtrakul T, Fletcher S. The challenge of regional accents for aviation English language proficiency standards: a study of difficulties in understanding in air traffic control-pilot communications. Ergonomics. 2010;53:229-39 pubmed publisher
    Although English has been the international aviation language since 1951, formal language proficiency testing for key aviation personnel has only recently been implemented by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
  4. Hatcher S. Risk management in mental health: applying lessons from commercial aviation. Australas Psychiatry. 2010;18:4-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Commercial aviation has a similar task in preventing rare but catastrophic accidents...
  5. Adamson M, Samarina V, Xiangyan X, Huynh V, Kennedy Q, Weiner M, et al. The impact of brain size on pilot performance varies with aviation training and years of education. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2010;16:412-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The Stanford/VA Aviation Study examines the influence of specialized training and skill level (expertise) on age-related changes in ..
  6. Singer S, Rosen A, Zhao S, Ciavarelli A, Gaba D. Comparing safety climate in naval aviation and hospitals: implications for improving patient safety. Health Care Manage Rev. 2010;35:134-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare safety climate among hospital workers with personnel from naval aviation, an organization that operates with high reliability despite intrinsically hazardous conditions...
  7. Kennedy Q, Taylor J, Reade G, Yesavage J. Age and expertise effects in aviation decision making and flight control in a flight simulator. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2010;81:489-97 pubmed
    Age (due to declines in cognitive abilities necessary for navigation) and level of aviation expertise are two factors that may affect aviation performance and decision making under adverse weather conditions...
  8. Schmidt C, Hardt F, Moller J, Malchow B, Schmidt K, Bauer M. [Improvement of team competence in the operating room : Training programs from aviation]. Anaesthesist. 2010;59:717-22, 724-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Human performance can be supported by well-trained interpersonal skills which are evolved in CRM training. In combination these training programs make a significant contribution to maintaining patient safety. ..
  9. Thomas E, Sexton J, Helmreich R. Translating teamwork behaviours from aviation to healthcare: development of behavioural markers for neonatal resuscitation. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13 Suppl 1:i57-64 pubmed
    ..recordings of neonatal resuscitations were used to identify some new teamwork behaviours, to translate existing aviation team behaviours to this setting, and to develop a data collection form...
  10. Burke C, Salas E, Wilson Donnelly K, Priest H. How to turn a team of experts into an expert medical team: guidance from the aviation and military communities. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13 Suppl 1:i96-104 pubmed
    ..Over the past 20 years the military and aviation communities have made a large investment in understanding teams and their requisite training requirements...
  11. Catchpole K, de Leval M, McEwan A, Pigott N, Elliott M, McQuillan A, et al. Patient handover from surgery to intensive care: using Formula 1 pit-stop and aviation models to improve safety and quality. Paediatr Anaesth. 2007;17:470-8 pubmed
    ..handover of patients from surgery to intensive care using the analogy of a Formula 1 pit stop and expertise from aviation. A prospective intervention study measured the change in performance before and after the implementation of a new ..
  12. Signal T, Ratieta D, Gander P. Flight crew fatigue management in a more flexible regulatory environment: an overview of the New Zealand aviation industry. Chronobiol Int. 2008;25:373-88 pubmed publisher
  13. Passchier W, Knottnerus A, Albering H, Walda I. Public health impact of large airports. Rev Environ Health. 2000;15:83-96 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that, generally, integrated health assessments are not available. Such assessments, as part of sustainable mobility policy, should accompany the further development of the global aviation system.
  14. Jones J, McCarten M, Manuel K, Djojonegoro B, Murray J, Feiversen A, et al. Cataract formation mechanisms and risk in aviation and space crews. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007;78:A56-66 pubmed
  15. Singh H, Petersen L, Thomas E. Understanding diagnostic errors in medicine: a lesson from aviation. Qual Saf Health Care. 2006;15:159-64 pubmed
    ..Situational awareness is a model that is primarily used in aviation human factors research that can encompass both the cognitive and the systems roots of such errors...
  16. Wilf Miron R, Lewenhoff I, Benyamini Z, Aviram A. From aviation to medicine: applying concepts of aviation safety to risk management in ambulatory care. Qual Saf Health Care. 2003;12:35-9 pubmed
    The development of a medical risk management programme based on the aviation safety approach and its implementation in a large ambulatory healthcare organisation is described. The following key safety principles were applied: (1)...
  17. Grais R, Ellis J, Glass G. Assessing the impact of airline travel on the geographic spread of pandemic influenza. Eur J Epidemiol. 2003;18:1065-72 pubmed
    ..In addition, after recognition of pandemic onset in the focal city, the time lag for public health intervention is very short. These findings highlight the importance of coordinated global surveillance and pandemic planning. ..
  18. Tesseraux I. Risk factors of jet fuel combustion products. Toxicol Lett. 2004;149:295-300 pubmed
    ..The analysis of such data shows that there is an impact on the air quality of the adjacent communities, but this impact does not result in levels higher than those in a typical urban environment. ..
  19. Hamman W. The complexity of team training: what we have learned from aviation and its applications to medicine. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13 Suppl 1:i72-9 pubmed
    ..education in performing the research, identifying performance measurements, and modifying educational curricula for the advancement of interdisciplinary teams, based on the complexity of team training identified in commercial aviation.
  20. Higton P. Safety lessons from aviation. Perfusion. 2005;20:191-3 pubmed
    Thirty years ago the world of Commercial Aviation provided a challenging environment...
  21. Wieslander G, Lindgren T, Norback D, Venge P. Changes in the ocular and nasal signs and symptoms of aircrews in relation to the ban on smoking on intercontinental flights. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2000;26:514-22 pubmed
    ..This ETS exposure is associated with an increase in ocular and general symptoms, decreased tear-film stability, and alterations of nasal patency. ..
  22. Peres M, Van de Moortele P, Pierard C, Lehericy S, Satabin P, Le Bihan D, et al. Functional magnetic resonance imaging of mental strategy in a simulated aviation performance task. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2000;71:1218-31 pubmed
    ..associated with activated brain regions characterizing mental strategy relative to degree of expertise in aviation-related tasks...
  23. Helmreich R, Merritt A, Wilhelm J. The evolution of Crew Resource Management training in commercial aviation. Int J Aviat Psychol. 1999;9:19-32 pubmed
    In this study, we describe changes in the nature of Crew Resource Management (CRM) training in commercial aviation, including its shift from cockpit to crew resource management. Validation of the impact of CRM is discussed...
  24. Wilkening R. The age 60 rule: age discrimination in commercial aviation. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2002;73:194-202 pubmed
    The Federal Aviation Administration's Age 60 Rule, promulgated in 1959, prohibits airline pilots from working in Part 121 operations once they have reached the age of 60...
  25. Hocking M. Trends in cabin air quality of commercial aircraft: industry and passenger perspectives. Rev Environ Health. 2002;17:1-49 pubmed
    ..Also suggested are some measures that passengers can take to help improve their comfort and decrease their risk of illness, particularly on long-haul flights. ..
  26. Colizza V, Barrat A, Barthelemy M, Vespignani A. The role of the airline transportation network in the prediction and predictability of global epidemics. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:2015-20 pubmed
    ..These measures may be used for the analysis of containment policies and epidemic risk assessment. ..
  27. Tatem A, Hay S, Rogers D. Global traffic and disease vector dispersal. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:6242-7 pubmed
    ..In contrast, An. gambiae has rarely spread from Africa, which we suggest is partly due to the low volume of sea traffic from the continent and, until very recently, a European destination for most flights. ..
  28. Rosekind M, Gregory K, Mallis M. Alertness management in aviation operations: enhancing performance and sleep. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006;77:1256-65 pubmed
    ..The robust and consistent findings support the use of an AMP approach to effectively manage fatigue in operational settings. ..
  29. Kao L, Thomas E. Navigating towards improved surgical safety using aviation-based strategies. J Surg Res. 2008;145:327-35 pubmed
    Safety practices in the aviation industry are being increasingly adapted to healthcare in an effort to reduce medical errors and patient harm...
  30. Sexton J, Thomas E, Helmreich R. Error, stress, and teamwork in medicine and aviation: cross sectional surveys. BMJ. 2000;320:745-9 pubmed
    ..Further problems include differing perceptions of teamwork among team members and reluctance of senior theatre staff to accept input from junior members. ..
  31. Pankova V. [The criteria for the relationship between hearing impairment and professional occupation and the criteria for professional suitability in terms of hearing among the aeronautical personnel engaged in civilian aviation]. Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2017;82:11-15 pubmed publisher
    ..of disturbed sound perception in the members of the aeronautical personnel engaged in the Russian civilian aviation. The main expert criteria for the relationship between the diseases of the organs of hearing (as exemplified by ..
  32. Werbos L, Kozma R, Silva Lugo R, Pazienza G, Werbos P. Metamodeling and the Critic-based approach to multi-level optimization. Neural Netw. 2012;32:179-85 pubmed publisher
    ..A MATLAB implementation of our solution procedure for a realistic set of data and constraints shows promising results, compared to the iterative MIP approach. ..
  33. Foerch C, Mayer C, Berkefeld J, You S. Endovascular Treatment of a Severe Stroke Occurring in a Commercial Airplane Over the Sahara. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016;87:825-9 pubmed publisher
    ..but highly effective therapies such as mechanical recanalization in acute stroke challenges decision making in aviation medicine...
  34. Tribukait A, Bergsten E, Eiken O. Pitch-Plane Angular Displacement Perception During Helicopter Flight and Gondola Centrifugation. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016;87:852-861 pubmed
    ..Tribukait A, Bergsten E, Eiken O. Pitch-plane angular displacement perception during helicopter flight and gondola centrifugation. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(10):852-861. ..
  35. Loft S, Bolland S, Humphreys M, Neal A. A theory and model of conflict detection in air traffic control: incorporating environmental constraints. J Exp Psychol Appl. 2009;15:106-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The strength of the model over existing and alternative models is that it better captures the uncertainty and decision biases involved in the process of conflict detection. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved). ..
  36. Schwaitzberg S, Godinez C, Kavic S, Sutton E, Worthington R, Colburn B, et al. Training and working in high-stakes environments: lessons learned and problems shared by aviators and surgeons. Surg Innov. 2009;16:187-95 pubmed publisher
    ..In doing so, surgeons may find reinvigorated commitment through study of the aviation industry's established methods of training and practice.
  37. Rosatte R, Donovan D, Davies J, Allan M, Bachmann P, Stevenson B, et al. Aerial distribution of ONRAB baits as a tactic to control rabies in raccoons and striped skunks in Ontario, Canada. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45:363-74 pubmed
    ..Because tetracycline marking was poor in skunks, an estimate of vaccine efficacy was not possible. Aerial distribution of ONRAB vaccine baits seems to be a feasible tactic for controlling rabies in skunks and raccoons...
  38. Chen C, Chen S. Scale development of safety management system evaluation for the airline industry. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;47:177-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper thus aims to develop an SMS measurement scale from the perspective of aviation experts and airline managers to evaluate the performance of company's safety management system, by adopting ..
  39. Powell D, Spencer M, Holland D, Petrie K. Fatigue in two-pilot operations: implications for flight and duty time limitations. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2008;79:1047-50 pubmed
    ..56 higher at the end of a two-sector compared with a single-sector duty. The results imply authorities should consider increasing existing limits for daytime duties and reducing those for nighttime two-pilot operations. ..
  40. Qiang Y, Rebok G, Baker S, Li G. Hearing deficit in a birth cohort of U.S. male commuter air carrier and air taxi pilots. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2008;79:1051-5 pubmed
    Long-term exposure to multiple risk factors in aviation may place pilots at excess risk of developing hearing deficits. We examined the incidence and risk factors for hearing deficit in a birth cohort of male commuter and air taxi pilots...
  41. Dehais F, Causse M, Vachon F, Régis N, Menant E, Tremblay S. Failure to detect critical auditory alerts in the cockpit: evidence for inattentional deafness. Hum Factors. 2014;56:631-44 pubmed
    ..g., alarms) is a major safety problem in aeronautics. In aviation, the lack of response to alarms is usually not attributed to attentional limitations, but rather to pilots ..
  42. van Drongelen A, Boot C, Pas L, Penders G, Hlobil H, van der Beek A, et al. Flight schedules and occupational accidents among cabin crew: a longitudinal study. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2013;84:1281-5 pubmed
    ..Airline companies can increase their focus on the short-haul operation in order to reduce onboard accidents. ..
  43. Dassios K, Kordatos E, Aggelis D, Matikas T. Nondestructive damage evaluation in ceramic matrix composites for aerospace applications. ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:715945 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, these nondestructive parameters help in early prediction of the residual life of the material and in establishing the fatigue limit of materials rapidly and accurately. ..
  44. Selent M, De Rochars V, Stanek D, Bensyl D, Martin B, Cohen N, et al. Malaria prevention knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) among international flying pilots and flight attendants of a US commercial airline. J Travel Med. 2012;19:366-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Malaria prevention education should focus on advance notification if traveling to a malaria-endemic area, how to easily obtain antimalarial medications, and the importance of practicing all recommended preventive measures. ..
  45. Corsi S, Geis S, Bowman G, Failey G, Rutter T. Aquatic toxicity of airfield-pavement deicer materials and implications for airport runoff. Environ Sci Technol. 2009;43:40-6 pubmed
    ..Results demonstrate that PDM must be considered to comprehensively evaluate the impact of chemical deicers on aquatic toxicity in water containing airport runoff...
  46. Roach G, Darwent D, Dawson D. How well do pilots sleep during long-haul flights?. Ergonomics. 2010;53:1072-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To increase the restoration provided by in-flight sleep, airlines could take measures to improve the quality, or increase the amount, of sleep obtained by pilots during flights. ..
  47. Brown A, Gibson R, Tavener M, Guest M, D Este C, Byles J, et al. Sexual function in F-111 maintenance workers: the study of health outcomes in aircraft maintenance personnel. J Sex Med. 2009;6:1569-1578 pubmed publisher
    ..There was a consistent problem with sexual functioning in the exposed group that is not explained by anxiety and depression, and it appears related to DSRS activities. ..
  48. Boonstra Hörwein K, Punzengruber D, Gartner J. Reducing understaffing and shift work with Temporal Profile Optimization (TPO). Appl Ergon. 2011;42:233-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This allowed for shorter shifts than before (thereby decreasing overtime). Experiences made so far stress the potential of Temporal Profile Optimization. ..
  49. Hsiao Y, DRURY C, Wu C, Paquet V. Predictive models of safety based on audit findings: Part 1: Model development and reliability. Appl Ergon. 2013;44:261-73 pubmed publisher
    ..An aviation maintenance domain was chosen for this work as both audits and safety outcomes are currently prescribed and ..
  50. Dorrian J, Darwent D, Dawson D, Roach G. Predicting pilot's sleep during layovers using their own behaviour or data from colleagues: implications for biomathematical models. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;45 Suppl:17-21 pubmed publisher
  51. Kang S, Hwang S, Lee E, Yang S, Park J. Measuring the cumulative effect of G force on aviator neck pain. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2011;82:1042-8 pubmed
    ..This means that amount of Gmax exposure becomes more influential on aviator neck pain than the level of Gmax. ..
  52. Ivins B, Crowley J, Johnson J, Warden D, Schwab K. Traumatic brain injury risk while parachuting: comparison of the personnel armor system for ground troops helmet and the advanced combat helmet. Mil Med. 2008;173:1168-72 pubmed
    ..3 times (95% confidence interval, 1.3-4.3) higher for personnel armor system for ground troops helmet users. Most of the increase in risk was accounted for by the most-minor TBIs (American Academy of Neurology grade 1 or 2 concussion). ..
  53. McIlroy R, Stanton N. Getting past first base: Going all the way with Cognitive Work Analysis. Appl Ergon. 2011;42:358-70 pubmed publisher
    ..reports the application of Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) to the problem of communications planning in military aviation. Applications of CWA rarely get beyond the first one or two phases; this paper presents an analysis in which all ..