power plants


Summary: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.

Top Publications

  1. Barrett E, Day K, Gigliotti A, Reed M, McDonald J, Mauderly J, et al. Effects of simulated downwind coal combustion emissions on pre-existing allergic airway responses in mice. Inhal Toxicol. 2011;23:792-804 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that acute exposure to either the particulate or gaseous phase of SDCCE can exacerbate various features of allergic airway responses depending on the timing of exposure in relation to allergen challenge. ..
  2. Godleski J, Rohr A, Coull B, Kang C, Diaz E, Koutrakis P. Toxicological evaluation of realistic emission source aerosols (TERESA): summary and conclusions. Inhal Toxicol. 2011;23 Suppl 2:95-103 pubmed publisher
    ..This series of papers reports the findings of experiments using coal-fired power plants as the source of emissions and this paper summarizes the findings and knowledge acquired from these studies...
  3. Ochoa Gonzalez R, Cordoba P, Díaz Somoano M, Font O, López Antón M, Leiva C, et al. Differential partitioning and speciation of Hg in wet FGD facilities of two Spanish PCC power plants. Chemosphere. 2011;85:565-70 pubmed publisher
    This paper evaluates the speciation and partitioning of mercury in two Spanish pulverised coal combustion power plants (PP1 and PP2), equipped with wet limestone-based flue gas desulphurisation facilities (FGD) operating with forced ..
  4. Salt A, Hullar T. Responses of the ear to low frequency sounds, infrasound and wind turbines. Hear Res. 2010;268:12-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This raises the possibility that exposure to the infrasound component of wind turbine noise could influence the physiology of the ear. ..
  5. Tang D, Li T, Liu J, Chen Y, Qu L, Perera F. PAH-DNA adducts in cord blood and fetal and child development in a Chinese cohort. Environ Health Perspect. 2006;114:1297-300 pubmed
    ..001), and 30 months of age (p<0.001). The findings suggest that exposure to elevated levels of PAHs, with the Tongliang power plant being a significant source, is associated with reduced fetal and child growth in this population. ..
  6. Ivanov V, Gorski A, Maksioutov M, Tsyb A, Souchkevitch G. Mortality among the Chernobyl emergency workers: estimation of radiation risks (preliminary analysis). Health Phys. 2001;81:514-21 pubmed
    ..54 (0.18,0.91 95% CI) (for external control), 2.04 (0.45, 4.31 95% CI) and 0.79 (0.07, 1.64 95% CI) (for internal control), respectively. The risk of death from all noncancer causes is close to zero and not statistically significant. ..
  7. Behets J, Declerck P, Delaedt Y, Verelst L, Ollevier F. Survey for the presence of specific free-living amoebae in cooling waters from Belgian power plants. Parasitol Res. 2007;100:1249-56 pubmed
    ..Naegleria fowleri was the most frequently encountered thermotolerant species, and concentrations of thermotolerant FLA were correlated with higher temperatures...
  8. Reddy M, Basha S, Joshi H, Jha B. Evaluation of the emission characteristics of trace metals from coal and fuel oil fired power plants and their fate during combustion. J Hazard Mater. 2005;123:242-9 pubmed
    ..The above sampling method is moderately adequate method for trace element sampling in coal as well as oil fired power plants except for Hg...
  9. Mohorovic L. The level of maternal methemoglobin during pregnancy in an air-polluted environment. Environ Health Perspect. 2003;111:1902-5 pubmed
    ..73, p 0.01). The increase of maternal methemoglobin could be a useful biomarker to determine when the health of pregnant women is threatened by toxic substances in the environment. ..

More Information


  1. Williams D. Cancer after nuclear fallout: lessons from the Chernobyl accident. Nat Rev Cancer. 2002;2:543-9 pubmed
  2. Lopez Abente G, Aragones N, Pollan M. Solid-tumor mortality in the vicinity of uranium cycle facilities and nuclear power plants in Spain. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109:721-9 pubmed
    To ascertain solid tumor mortality in towns near Spain's four nuclear power plants and four nuclear fuel facilities from 1975 to 1993, we conducted a mortality study based on 12,245 cancer deaths in 283 towns situated within a 30-km ..
  3. McGeoghegan D, Binks K. The mortality and cancer morbidity experience of workers at the Capenhurst uranium enrichment facility 1946-95. J Radiol Prot. 2000;20:381-401 pubmed
    ..An association between bladder cancer registrations and cumulative external radiation exposure was noted when the cumulative external dose was lagged by 20 years. ..
  4. Lopez Abente G, Aragones N, Pollan M, Ruiz M, Gandarillas A. Leukemia, lymphomas, and myeloma mortality in the vicinity of nuclear power plants and nuclear fuel facilities in Spain. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1999;8:925-34 pubmed
    Mortality due to hematological tumors in towns near Spain's seven nuclear power plants and five nuclear fuel facilities during the period 1975-1993 was ascertained...
  5. Havenaar J, Rumyantzeva G, Kasyanenko A, Kaasjager K, Westermann A, van den Brink W, et al. Health effects of the Chernobyl disaster: illness or illness behavior? A comparative general health survey in two former Soviet regions. Environ Health Perspect. 1997;105 Suppl 6:1533-7 pubmed
    ..The results of this study suggest that the Chernobyl disaster had a significant long-term impact on psychological well-being, health-related quality of life, and illness behavior in the exposed population. ..
  6. Trasande L, Schechter C, Haynes K, Landrigan P. Mental retardation and prenatal methylmercury toxicity. Am J Ind Med. 2006;49:153-8 pubmed
    ..cohort is estimated, and the portion of this burden attributable to mercury (Hg) emissions from coal-fired power plants is identified. The aggregate loss in cognition associated with MeHg exposure in the 2000 U.S...
  7. Douglas A, Omar R, Smith P. Cancer mortality and morbidity among workers at the Sellafield plant of British Nuclear Fuels. Br J Cancer. 1994;70:1232-43 pubmed
    ..Overall, however, there was no excess of leukaemia among the workers compared with national rates. ..
  8. Bird M, MacIntosh D, Williams P. Occupational exposures during routine activities in coal-fueled power plants. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2004;1:403-13 pubmed
    ..information is available on occupational exposures during routine, nonoutage work activities in coal-fueled power plants. This study evaluated occupational exposures to the principal contaminants in the facilities, including ..
  9. Trasande L, Landrigan P, Schechter C. Public health and economic consequences of methyl mercury toxicity to the developing brain. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113:590-6 pubmed
    ..Agency (EPA) made steady progress in reducing mercury emissions from anthropogenic sources, especially from power plants, which account for 41% of anthropogenic emissions. However, the U.S...
  10. Levy J, Wilson A, Evans J, Spengler J. Estimation of primary and secondary particulate matter intake fractions for power plants in Georgia. Environ Sci Technol. 2003;37:5528-36 pubmed
    ..We apply CALPUFF, a regional-scale dispersion model common in health benefits assessments, to seven power plants in northern Georgia, considering both direct emissions of fine particulate matter (PM2...
  11. Yoshimoto Y, Yoshinaga S, Yamamoto K, Fijimoto K, Nishizawa K, Sasaki Y. Research on potential radiation risks in areas with nuclear power plants in Japan: leukaemia and malignant lymphoma mortality between 1972 and 1997 in 100 selected municipalities. J Radiol Prot. 2004;24:343-68 pubmed
    ..Our findings do not support the hypothesis of a leukaemogenic impact of NPPs in Japan. ..
  12. Schmitz Feuerhake I, Mietelski J, Gaca P. Transuranic isotopes and 90Sr in attic dust in the vicinity of two nuclear establishments in northern Germany. Health Phys. 2003;84:599-607 pubmed
    ..The derived release of alpha emitters is assumed to have contributed to the induction of a leukemia cluster in children, which was observed in Elbmarsch between 1990 and 1996...
  13. Zhou Y, Levy J, Evans J, Hammitt J. The influence of geographic location on population exposure to emissions from power plants throughout China. Environ Int. 2006;32:365-73 pubmed
    ..To model the concentration increase due to emissions from selected power plants, we used a detailed long-range atmospheric dispersion model, CALPUFF...
  14. Pala K, Turkkan A, Gerçek H, Osman E, Aytekin H. Evaluation of respiratory functions of residents around the Orhaneli thermal power plant in Turkey. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2012;24:48-57 pubmed publisher
  15. Chow J, Watson J, Chen L, Ho S, Koracin D, Zielinska B, et al. Exposure to PM2.5 and PAHs from the Tong Liang, China epidemiological study. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2006;41:517-42 pubmed
    ..5 to 3.5 times during the coal-fired power plant operational period. However, further investigation is needed to determine the relative contribution from residential and utility coal combustion and vehicular activities. ..
  16. Schmitz Feuerhake I, Dieckmann H, Hoffmann W, Lengfelder E, Pflugbeil S, Stevenson A. The Elbmarsch leukemia cluster: are there conceptual limitations in controlling immission from nuclear establishments in Germany?. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2005;49:589-600 pubmed
    ..The ongoing discussion highlights limitations in the immission-control concept, which is predominantly based on gamma-radiation monitoring. ..
  17. Wang D, He L, Wei S, Feng X. Estimation of mercury emission from different sources to atmosphere in Chongqing, China. Sci Total Environ. 2006;366:722-8 pubmed
    ..The natural emissions represented approximately 17% of total emissions (1.78 t yr(-1)). The total mercury emission to atmosphere in Chongqing in 2001 was 10.63 t. ..
  18. Schmitz Feuerhake I, Dannheim B, Heimers A, Oberheitmann B, Schroder H, Ziggel H. Leukemia in the proximity of a German boiling-water nuclear reactor: evidence of population exposure by chromosome studies and environmental radioactivity. Environ Health Perspect. 1997;105 Suppl 6:1499-504 pubmed
    ..Calculations of the corresponding source terms show that emissions must have been well above authorized annual limits. Bone marrow doses supposedly result primarily through incorporation of bone-seeking beta- and alpha-emitters. ..
  19. Pedersen E, Waye K. Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise--a dose-response relationship. J Acoust Soc Am. 2004;116:3460-70 pubmed
    ..The respondents' attitude to the visual impact of wind turbines on the landscape scenery was found to influence noise annoyance. ..
  20. Baba A, Kaya A. Leaching characteristics of solid wastes from thermal power plants of western Turkey and comparison of toxicity methodologies. J Environ Manage. 2004;73:199-207 pubmed
    ..In this study, fly and bottom ash samples obtained from thermal power plants, namely Yenikoy, Kemerkoy and Yatagan, located at the southwestern coast of Turkey, were subjected to toxicity ..
  21. Kaatsch P, Spix C, Schulze Rath R, Schmiedel S, Blettner M. Leukaemia in young children living in the vicinity of German nuclear power plants. Int J Cancer. 2008;122:721-6 pubmed
    ..99 (lower 95%-CL: -0.41). This indicates a negative trend for distance. Cases live closer to nuclear power plants than the randomly selected controls. A categorical analysis shows a statistically significant odds ratio of 2...
  22. Silva Mato A, Viana D, Fernández Sanmartín M, Cobos J, Viana M. Cancer risk around the nuclear power plants of Trillo and Zorita (Spain). Occup Environ Med. 2003;60:521-7 pubmed
    ..To investigate the association between cancer risk and proximity of place of residence to the Guadalajara nuclear power plants: Trillo and Zorita. Case-control study...
  23. Levy J, Baxter L, Schwartz J. Uncertainty and variability in health-related damages from coal-fired power plants in the United States. Risk Anal. 2009;29:1000-14 pubmed publisher
    The health-related damages associated with emissions from coal-fired power plants can vary greatly across facilities as a function of plant, site, and population characteristics, but the degree of variability and the contributing factors ..
  24. Pedersen E, van den Berg F, Bakker R, Bouma J. Response to noise from modern wind farms in The Netherlands. J Acoust Soc Am. 2009;126:634-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Response to wind turbine noise was similar to that found in Sweden so the dose-response relationship should be generalizable. ..
  25. Lee Y, Sung F, Lin R, Hsu H, Chien K, Yang C, et al. Peripheral blood cells among community residents living near nuclear power plants. Sci Total Environ. 2001;280:165-72 pubmed
    ..by a surrogate level, '1/D2(1i) + 1/D2(2i)', a transformed distance from each individual's residence to the two power plants D1 and D2...
  26. Singh N, Mehra R, Sharma V. Malaria and the Narmada-river development in India: a case study of the Bargi dam. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1999;93:477-88 pubmed
    ..In fact, indoor-resting densities of anophelines and of the most established vector, Anopheles culicifacies, have fallen since the dam was built, but densities of another vector, An. fluviatilis, have increased. ..
  27. Griffiths C, McGartland A, Miller M. A comparison of the monetized impact of IQ decrements from mercury emissions. Environ Health Perspect. 2007;115:841-7 pubmed
    ..S. power plants after implementing its Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) is $210 million per year. In contrast, Trasande et al...
  28. Vrijheid M, Cardis E, Ashmore P, Auvinen A, Bae J, Engels H, et al. Mortality from diseases other than cancer following low doses of ionizing radiation: results from the 15-Country Study of nuclear industry workers. Int J Epidemiol. 2007;36:1126-35 pubmed
    ..However, we cannot rule out risks per unit dose of the same order of magnitude as found in studies at higher doses. ..
  29. Little J, McLaughlin J, Miller A. Leukaemia in young children living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants. Int J Cancer. 2008;122:x-xi pubmed
  30. Laurier D, Hemon D, Clavel J. Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants. J Radiol Prot. 2008;28:401-3 pubmed publisher
    ..indicated an excess risk of leukaemia among children under the age of 5 years living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany...
  31. Sackett D, Aday D, Rice J, Cope W, Buchwalter D. Does proximity to coal-fired power plants influence fish tissue mercury?. Ecotoxicology. 2010;19:1601-11 pubmed publisher
    Much of the mercury contamination in aquatic biota originates from coal-fired power plants, point sources that release mercury into the atmosphere...
  32. Peled R, Friger M, Bolotin A, Bibi H, Epstein L, Pilpel D, et al. Fine particles and meteorological conditions are associated with lung function in children with asthma living near two power plants. Public Health. 2005;119:418-25 pubmed
    ..clinical and sociodemographic measurements, in a panel of schoolchildren with asthma living near two power plants in Israel...
  33. Bromet E, Goldgaber D, Carlson G, Panina N, Golovakha E, Gluzman S, et al. Children's well-being 11 years after the Chornobyl catastrophe. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000;57:563-71 pubmed
    ..The trauma experienced by the mothers was reflected in their perceptions of their children's well-being, particularly somatic symptoms, but was not transmitted to the children themselves. ..
  34. Hermann R, Divita F, Lanier J. Predicting premature mortality from new power plant development in Virginia. Arch Environ Health. 2004;59:529-35 pubmed
    ..5 microm (PM2.5) that would result from making 29 proposed fossil fuel power plants in Virginia operational. We used a U.S...
  35. McGeoghegan D, Binks K. The mortality and cancer morbidity experience of employees at the Chapelcross plant of British Nuclear Fuels plc, 1955-95. J Radiol Prot. 2001;21:221-50 pubmed
    ..There is no evidence to date amongst the Chapelcross cohort of increased risk for cancers considered to be radiogenic based on studies of populations exposed to high levels of radiation. ..
  36. Srivastava R, Jozewicz W. Flue gas desulfurization: the state of the art. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2001;51:1676-88 pubmed
    ..e., coals with a sulfur content of 2% or lower) may use LSD; and (2) plants larger than 250 MWe and firing medium- to high-sulfur coals (i.e., coals with a sulfur content of 2% or higher) may use either LSFO or MEL. ..
  37. Grahame T, Hidy G. Using factor analysis to attribute health impacts to particulate pollution sources. Inhal Toxicol. 2004;16 Suppl 1:143-52 pubmed
  38. Bromet E, Gluzman S, Schwartz J, Goldgaber D. Somatic symptoms in women 11 years after the Chornobyl accident: prevalence and risk factors. Environ Health Perspect. 2002;110 Suppl 4:625-9 pubmed
  39. Peled R, Pilpel D, Bolotin A, Epstein L, Bibi H, Friger M. Young infants' morbidity and exposure to fine particles in a region with two power plants. Arch Environ Health. 2004;59:611-6 pubmed
    ..among young children (0-3 yr) residing in 4 communities in southern Israel, within an area 5-25 km from the 2 power plants, which operate within 25 km of each other...
  40. Bruske Hohlfeld I, Scherb H, Bauchinger M, Schmid E, Fender H, Wolf G, et al. A cluster of childhood leukaemias near two neighbouring nuclear installations in Northern Germany: prevalence of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Int J Radiat Biol. 2001;77:111-6 pubmed
    ..The power of the study to detect a threefold or higher increase in the aberration frequency was at least 0.86. ..
  41. Moysich K, Menezes R, Michalek A. Chernobyl-related ionising radiation exposure and cancer risk: an epidemiological review. Lancet Oncol. 2002;3:269-79 pubmed
    ..Among adult populations, there is no strong evidence to suggest that risk of thyroid cancer, leukaemia, or other malignant disease has increased as a result of the Chernobyl accident...
  42. Carbol P, Solatie D, Erdmann N, Nylen T, Betti M. Deposition and distribution of Chernobyl fallout fission products and actinides in a Russian soil profile. J Environ Radioact. 2003;68:27-46 pubmed
    ..The results presented in this article are valid for this single soil profile and should not be generalised unless validated in a more rigorous study of a larger number of soil profiles. ..
  43. McGeoghegan D, Gillies M, Riddell A, Binks K. Mortality and cancer morbidity experience of female workers at the British Nuclear Fuels Sellafield plant, 1946-1998. Am J Ind Med. 2003;44:653-63 pubmed
    ..This study offers reassurance that there is no detrimental effect on the health of the female workers from occupational exposures at Sellafield. Am. J. Ind. Med. 44:653-663, 2003. ..
  44. Spix C, Schmiedel S, Kaatsch P, Schulze Rath R, Blettner M. Case-control study on childhood cancer in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany 1980-2003. Eur J Cancer. 2008;44:275-84 pubmed
    The 1984 Windscale study raised concern about a possible association between living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants and childhood cancer. No such effect for all cancers was seen in ecological studies in Germany (1980-1995)...
  45. Williams E, Abrosimov A, Bogdanova T, Demidchik E, Ito M, LiVolsi V, et al. Thyroid carcinoma after Chernobyl latent period, morphology and aggressiveness. Br J Cancer. 2004;90:2219-24 pubmed
  46. Unger K, Zitzelsberger H, Salvatore G, Santoro M, Bogdanova T, Braselmann H, et al. Heterogeneity in the distribution of RET/PTC rearrangements within individual post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid carcinomas. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004;89:4272-9 pubmed
  47. Cardis E, Vrijheid M, Blettner M, Gilbert E, Hakama M, Hill C, et al. Risk of cancer after low doses of ionising radiation: retrospective cohort study in 15 countries. BMJ. 2005;331:77 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that there is a small excess risk of cancer, even at the low doses and dose rates typically received by nuclear workers in this study. ..
  48. Levy J, Greco S, Spengler J. The importance of population susceptibility for air pollution risk assessment: a case study of power plants near Washington, DC. Environ Health Perspect. 2002;110:1253-60 pubmed
    ..to estimate the magnitude and distribution of health benefits associated with emission controls at five older power plants in the Washington, DC, area...
  49. Akbari H. Shade trees reduce building energy use and CO2 emissions from power plants. Environ Pollut. 2002;116 Suppl 1:S119-26 pubmed
    ..house (each with a top view cross section of 50 m2) would lead to an annual reduction in carbon emissions from power plants of 16,000, 41,000, and 9000 t, respectively (the per-tree reduction in carbon emissions is about 10-11 kg per ..
  50. Tsai S, Yu H, Chang C, Chuang H, Yang C. Increased risk of preterm delivery in women residing near thermal power plants in Taiwan. Arch Environ Health. 2004;59:478-83 pubmed
    In this article, the researchers studied the prevalence of preterm births for women living near thermal power plants. The prevalence of delivery of preterm birth infants was significantly higher among women living within 3 km of a thermal ..
  51. Ivanov V, Maksioutov M, Chekin S, Petrov A, Biryukov A, Kruglova Z, et al. The risk of radiation-induced cerebrovascular disease in Chernobyl emergency workers. Health Phys. 2006;90:199-207 pubmed
    ..002, with 95% CI = (-0.004; -0.001). The radiation risks in this large-scale cohort study were not adjusted for recognized risk factors such as excessive weight, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, alcohol consumption, and others. ..
  52. Ribeiro A, Miyazaki R, Silva M, Zeilhofer P. Spatial and temporal abundance of three sylvatic yellow fever vectors in the influence area of the Manso hydroelectric power plant, Mato Grosso, Brazil. J Med Entomol. 2012;49:223-6 pubmed
    ..The highest vector abundance was observed during the rainy season (November through March) and SYF vectors were present in all sampling points throughout the year, mainly in riparian and shadowed transitional forests at shadowed ramps. ..
  53. Cagney H. Coal power plants cause deaths in neighbouring countries. Lancet Respir Med. 2016;4:609 pubmed publisher