tnf receptor associated factor 5


Summary: A signal transducing tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor that mediates signaling from CD27 ANTIGENS; CD40 ANTIGENS; and the LYMPHOTOXIN BETA RECEPTOR. It is involved in regulation of NF-KAPPA B signaling.

Top Publications

  1. Esparza E, Lindsten T, Stockhausen J, Arch R. Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 5 is a critical intermediate of costimulatory signaling pathways triggered by glucocorticoid-induced TNFR in T cells. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:8559-64 pubmed
    ..Consistent with impaired signaling, costimulatory effects of GITR were diminished in TRAF5-/- T cells. In sum, our studies indicate that TRAF5 plays a crucial role in GITR-induced signaling pathways that augment T cell activation. ..
  2. Guo F, Sun A, Wang W, He J, Hou J, Zhou P, et al. TRAF1 is involved in the classical NF-kappaB activation and CD30-induced alternative activity in Hodgkin's lymphoma cells. Mol Immunol. 2009;46:2441-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that TRAF1 is an important molecule mediating both the CD30 signaling-dependent and independent NF-kappaB activation, which prevents the lymphoma cells from spontaneous and induced apoptosis. ..
  3. Mukundan L, Bishop G, Head K, Zhang L, Wahl L, Suttles J. TNF receptor-associated factor 6 is an essential mediator of CD40-activated proinflammatory pathways in monocytes and macrophages. J Immunol. 2005;174:1081-90 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate that TRAF6 acts as a critical adapter of both the Src/ERK1/2 and IKK/NF-kappaB proinflammatory signaling pathways in monocytes and macrophages. ..
  4. Zirlik A, Bavendiek U, Libby P, MacFarlane L, Gerdes N, Jagielska J, et al. TRAF-1, -2, -3, -5, and -6 are induced in atherosclerotic plaques and differentially mediate proinflammatory functions of CD40L in endothelial cells. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007;27:1101-7 pubmed
    ..These results implicate endothelial TRAF-1, -2, -3, -5, and -6 in CD40 signaling in atherogenesis, identifying these molecules as potential targets for selective therapeutic intervention. ..
  5. Au P, Yeh W. Physiological roles and mechanisms of signaling by TRAF2 and TRAF5. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;597:32-47 pubmed
    ..TRAF2 is heavily regulated by ubiquitin signals, and many of the signaling functions of TRAF2 are mediated through its RING domain and likely its own role as an E3 ubiquitin ligase. ..
  6. Darnay B, Ni J, Moore P, Aggarwal B. Activation of NF-kappaB by RANK requires tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 6 and NF-kappaB-inducing kinase. Identification of a novel TRAF6 interaction motif. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:7724-31 pubmed
  7. Nakano H, Oshima H, Chung W, Williams Abbott L, Ware C, Yagita H, et al. TRAF5, an activator of NF-kappaB and putative signal transducer for the lymphotoxin-beta receptor. J Biol Chem. 1996;271:14661-4 pubmed
    ..These results show TRAF5 is functionally similar to TRAF2 in that both mediate activation NF-kappaB and implicate TRAF5 as a signal transducer for LT-betaR. ..
  8. Chung J, Park Y, Ye H, Wu H. All TRAFs are not created equal: common and distinct molecular mechanisms of TRAF-mediated signal transduction. J Cell Sci. 2002;115:679-88 pubmed
    ..We raise additional questions and propose hypotheses regarding the molecular basis of TRAF signaling specificity. ..
  9. Hoeflich K, Yeh W, Yao Z, Mak T, Woodgett J. Mediation of TNF receptor-associated factor effector functions by apoptosis signal-regulating kinase-1 (ASK1). Oncogene. 1999;18:5814-20 pubmed
    ..Hence, ASK1 is a common mediator of TRAF-regulated SAPK and apoptosis signaling, and the TRAF2 - ASK1 connection completes the signaling cascade from TNF to SAPK/JNK activation. ..

More Information


  1. Tsukamoto N, Kobayashi N, Azuma S, Yamamoto T, Inoue J. Two differently regulated nuclear factor kappaB activation pathways triggered by the cytoplasmic tail of CD40. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999;96:1234-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that NFkappaB activating signals emanating from cyt-N and cyt-C are mediated by the different members of the TRAF family and could be regulated in a distinct manner. ..
  2. Nishitoh H, Saitoh M, Mochida Y, Takeda K, Nakano H, Rothe M, et al. ASK1 is essential for JNK/SAPK activation by TRAF2. Mol Cell. 1998;2:389-95 pubmed
    ..In untransfected mammalian cells, ASK1 rapidly associates with TRAF2 in a TNF-dependent manner. Thus, ASK1 is a mediator of TRAF2-induced JNK activation. ..
  3. Chang Y, Hsieh S, Chen M, Lin W. Lymphotoxin beta receptor induces interleukin 8 gene expression via NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation. Exp Cell Res. 2002;278:166-74 pubmed
    ..This suggests that IL-8 induction by LTbetaR is via TRAFs-elicited signaling pathways, including NIK/IKK-dependent NF-kappaB activation and ASK/MKK/JNK-dependent AP-1 activation. ..
  4. Yasui T, Muraoka M, Takaoka Shichijo Y, Ishida I, Takegahara N, Uchida J, et al. Dissection of B cell differentiation during primary immune responses in mice with altered CD40 signals. Int Immunol. 2002;14:319-29 pubmed
    ..We conclude that combinations of these two signals determine which of the extrafollicular or the follicular (GC) differentiation pathway B cells enter. ..
  5. Kim H, Lee D, Shin J, Lee Y, Jeon Y, Chung C, et al. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB recruits multiple TRAF family adaptors and activates c-Jun N-terminal kinase. FEBS Lett. 1999;443:297-302 pubmed
    ..The domain responsible for JNK activation was localized to the same region where TRAF1, 2, 3, and 6 bound, which suggests that these TRAF molecules might mediate the RANK-induced JNK activation. ..
  6. Chen W, Tang Z, Fortina P, Patel P, Addya S, Surrey S, et al. Ethanol potentiates HIV-1 gp120-induced apoptosis in human neurons via both the death receptor and NMDA receptor pathways. Virology. 2005;334:59-73 pubmed
    ..Thus, these data suggest rationally-designed, molecular targets for potential anti-HIV-1 neuroprotection. ..
  7. Aizawa S, Nakano H, Ishida T, Horie R, Nagai M, Ito K, et al. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 5 and TRAF2 are involved in CD30-mediated NFkappaB activation. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:2042-5 pubmed
    ..Taken together, our results indicate that TRAF2 and TRAF5 directly interact with CD30 and are involved in NFkappaB activation by CD30 signaling. ..
  8. Siervo Sassi R, Marrangoni A, Feng X, Naoumova N, Winans M, Edwards R, et al. Physiological and molecular effects of Apo2L/TRAIL and cisplatin in ovarian carcinoma cell lines. Cancer Lett. 2003;190:61-72 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate positive cooperation of cisplatin and Apo2L/TRAIL and emphasize the potential clinical usefulness of cisplatin/Apo2L/TRAIL combination therapy. ..
  9. Bradley J, Pober J. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs). Oncogene. 2001;20:6482-91 pubmed
    ..TRAF proteins are expressed in normal and diseased tissue in a regulated fashion, suggesting that they play an important role in physiological and pathological processes. ..
  10. Poblenz A, Jacoby J, Singh S, Darnay B. Inhibition of RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation by selective TRAF6 decoy peptides. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007;359:510-5 pubmed
    ..Thus, disruption of the RANK-TRAF6 interaction may prove useful as a novel target for the development of a small molecule therapeutic agent for the treatment of bone-related diseases. ..
  11. Hauer J, PĆ¼schner S, Ramakrishnan P, Simon U, Bongers M, Federle C, et al. TNF receptor (TNFR)-associated factor (TRAF) 3 serves as an inhibitor of TRAF2/5-mediated activation of the noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway by TRAF-binding TNFRs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:2874-9 pubmed
  12. Lee N, Lee S. Modulation of life and death by the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs). J Biochem Mol Biol. 2002;35:61-6 pubmed
    ..In addition, TRAFs interact with a variety of proteins that regulate receptor-induced cell death or survival. Thus, TRAF-mediated signals may directly induce cell survival or interfere with the death receptor-induced apoptosis. ..
  13. Shirakata M, Imadome K, Okazaki K, Hirai K. Activation of TRAF5 and TRAF6 signal cascades negatively regulates the latent replication origin of Epstein-Barr virus through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. J Virol. 2001;75:5059-68 pubmed
    ..These results suggested that the level of oriP activity is regulated by LMP1 and extracellular signals through TRAF5- and TRAF6-mediated signal cascades. ..
  14. Hasegawa M, Fujimoto Y, Lucas P, Nakano H, Fukase K, Nunez G, et al. A critical role of RICK/RIP2 polyubiquitination in Nod-induced NF-kappaB activation. EMBO J. 2008;27:373-83 pubmed
    ..Thus, RICK polyubiquitination links TAK1 to IKK complexes, a critical step in Nod1/Nod2-mediated NF-kappaB activation. ..
  15. Pearson L, Castle B, Kehry M. CD40-mediated signaling in monocytic cells: up-regulation of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor mRNAs and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. Int Immunol. 2001;13:273-83 pubmed
    ..Collectively, these results suggest distinct differences between B cells and monocytic cells in CD40-dependent activation of MAPK pathways. ..
  16. Gravallese E, Galson D, Goldring S, Auron P. The role of TNF-receptor family members and other TRAF-dependent receptors in bone resorption. Arthritis Res. 2001;3:6-12 pubmed
  17. Han S, Yoon K, Lee K, Kim K, Jang H, Lee N, et al. TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis receptor, a TNF receptor superfamily member, activates NF-kappa B through TNF receptor-associated factors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003;305:789-96 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, TweakR mutations within the TRAF-binding motif abolished TweakR-stimulated SMC migration, revealing a role for TRAFs in TweakR-induced activation events. ..
  18. Zhang L, Blackwell K, Thomas G, Sun S, Yeh W, Habelhah H. TRAF2 suppresses basal IKK activity in resting cells and TNFalpha can activate IKK in TRAF2 and TRAF5 double knockout cells. J Mol Biol. 2009;389:495-510 pubmed publisher
  19. Kanazawa K, Azuma Y, Nakano H, Kudo A. TRAF5 functions in both RANKL- and TNFalpha-induced osteoclastogenesis. J Bone Miner Res. 2003;18:443-50 pubmed
    ..However, in TRAF5-deficient mice, this peak was delayed and found at day 5, showing less effective osteoclast differentiation. Thus, we have provided the first evidence showing that TRAF5 is involved in osteoclastogenesis. ..
  20. Sakurai H, Suzuki S, Kawasaki N, Nakano H, Okazaki T, Chino A, et al. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced IKK phosphorylation of NF-kappaB p65 on serine 536 is mediated through the TRAF2, TRAF5, and TAK1 signaling pathway. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:36916-23 pubmed
  21. Galibert L, Tometsko M, Anderson D, Cosman D, Dougall W. The involvement of multiple tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factors in the signaling mechanisms of receptor activator of NF-kappaB, a member of the TNFR superfamily. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:34120-7 pubmed
  22. Gil J, Garcia M, Gomez Puertas P, Guerra S, Rullas J, Nakano H, et al. TRAF family proteins link PKR with NF-kappa B activation. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:4502-12 pubmed
    ..Altogether, our data suggest that TRAF family proteins are key components located downstream of PKR that have an important role in mediating activation of NF-kappa B by the dsRNA-dependent protein kinase. ..
  23. Hsu H, Solovyev I, Colombero A, Elliott R, Kelley M, Boyle W. ATAR, a novel tumor necrosis factor receptor family member, signals through TRAF2 and TRAF5. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:13471-4 pubmed
    ..Co-expression of ATAR with TRAF5, but not TRAF2, results in synergistic activation of NF-kappaB, suggesting potentially different roles for TRAF2 and TRAF5 in post-receptor signaling. ..
  24. Lutgens E, Lievens D, Beckers L, Wijnands E, Soehnlein O, Zernecke A, et al. Deficient CD40-TRAF6 signaling in leukocytes prevents atherosclerosis by skewing the immune response toward an antiinflammatory profile. J Exp Med. 2010;207:391-404 pubmed publisher
  25. Kraus Z, Haring J, Bishop G. TNF receptor-associated factor 5 is required for optimal T cell expansion and survival in response to infection. J Immunol. 2008;181:7800-9 pubmed
    ..Collectively, these studies identify TRAF5 as an important positive signaling element that enhances T cell expansion and pathogen containment by providing a survival advantage to responding Ag-specific CD8(+) T cells during infection. ..
  26. Ishida T, Tojo T, Aoki T, Kobayashi N, Ohishi T, Watanabe T, et al. TRAF5, a novel tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor family protein, mediates CD40 signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996;93:9437-42 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that TRAF5 and TRAF3 could be involved in both common and distinct signaling pathways emanating from CD40. ..
  27. Sondarva G, Kundu C, Mehrotra S, Mishra R, Rangasamy V, Sathyanarayana P, et al. TRAF2-MLK3 interaction is essential for TNF-alpha-induced MLK3 activation. Cell Res. 2010;20:89-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, our data show that the direct interaction between TRAF2 and MLK3 is required for TNF-alpha-induced activation of MLK3 and its downstream target, JNK. ..
  28. Jang H, Yoon K, Shin Y, Kim J, Lee S. PIAS3 suppresses NF-kappaB-mediated transcription by interacting with the p65/RelA subunit. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:24873-80 pubmed
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that PIAS3 may function in vivo as a modulator in suppressing the transcriptional activity of p65. ..
  29. Kraus Z, Nakano H, Bishop G. TRAF5 is a critical mediator of in vitro signals and in vivo functions of LMP1, the viral oncogenic mimic of CD40. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:17140-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report showing a major requirement for TRAF5 in signaling by a specific receptor both in vitro and in vivo, as well as playing an important role in biological function in B lymphocytes. ..
  30. Mizushima S, Fujita M, Ishida T, Azuma S, Kato K, Hirai M, et al. Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding the human homolog of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 5 (TRAF5). Gene. 1998;207:135-40 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that the human TRAF5 protein could be involved in the signal triggered by various members of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily including CD40, CD30 and lymphotoxin-beta receptor. ..
  31. Akiba H, Nakano H, Nishinaka S, Shindo M, Kobata T, Atsuta M, et al. CD27, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, activates NF-kappaB and stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase via TRAF2, TRAF5, and NF-kappaB-inducing kinase. J Biol Chem. 1998;273:13353-8 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that TRAF2 and TRAF5 are involved in NF-kappaB and SAPK/JNK activation by CD27, and NIK is a common downstream kinase of TRAF2 and TRAF5 for NF-kappaB and SAPK/JNK activation. ..
  32. Horie R, Watanabe T, Morishita Y, Ito K, Ishida T, Kanegae Y, et al. Ligand-independent signaling by overexpressed CD30 drives NF-kappaB activation in Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg cells. Oncogene. 2002;21:2493-503 pubmed
    ..Inhibition of NF-kappaB activation by adenovirus vector-mediated gene transfer may provide a novel strategy of cell- and target molecule-specific therapy for patients with HD. ..
  33. Grech A, Quinn R, Srinivasan D, Badoux X, Brink R. Complete structural characterisation of the mammalian and Drosophila TRAF genes: implications for TRAF evolution and the role of RING finger splice variants. Mol Immunol. 2000;37:721-34 pubmed
    ..We also report that the sequence of murine C57BL/6 TRAF4 differs significantly from the published murine TRAF4 sequence, but appears to represent the actual TRAF4 sequence expressed in many mouse strains. ..
  34. He L, Grammer A, Wu X, Lipsky P. TRAF3 forms heterotrimers with TRAF2 and modulates its ability to mediate NF-{kappa}B activation. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:55855-65 pubmed
    ..Together, these results reveal a novel association between TRAF2 and TRAF3 that is mediated by unique portions of each protein and that specifically regulates activation of NF-kappaB, but not AP-1. ..
  35. Hur G, Lewis J, Yang Q, Lin Y, Nakano H, Nedospasov S, et al. The death domain kinase RIP has an essential role in DNA damage-induced NF-kappa B activation. Genes Dev. 2003;17:873-82 pubmed
    ..We also found that RIP forms a complex with IKK in response to DNA damage. Therefore, our study provides a possible mechanism for the initiation of the cytoplasmic signaling to activate NF-kappaB in response to DNA damage. ..
  36. Tang E, Wang C. TRAF5 is a downstream target of MAVS in antiviral innate immune signaling. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9172 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, our findings reveal a possible function for TRAF5 in mediating the activation of IRF3 and NF-kappaB downstream of MAVS through the recruitment of NEMO. TRAF5 may be a key molecule in the innate response against viral infection. ..
  37. Nakano H. [Signaling crosstalk between NF-kappaB and JNK]. Seikagaku. 2005;77:29-32 pubmed
  38. Basaki Y, Ikizawa K, Kajiwara K, Yanagihara Y. CD40-mediated tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 3 signaling upregulates IL-4-induced germline Cepsilon transcription in a human B cell line. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2002;405:199-204 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that in DG75 cells, TRAF3-induced MEK1 activation may be involved in CD40-mediated upregulation of IL-4-driven germline C epsilon transcription. ..
  39. Chin A, Shu J, Shan Shi C, Yao Z, Kehrl J, Cheng G. TANK potentiates tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor-mediated c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase activation through the germinal center kinase pathway. Mol Cell Biol. 1999;19:6665-72 pubmed
    ..In addition, CD40 activated endogenous GCKR in primary B cells, implicating GCK family proteins in CD40-mediated B-cell functions. ..
  40. Horie R, Ishida T, Maruyama Nagai M, Ito K, Watanabe M, Yoneyama A, et al. TRAF activation of C/EBPbeta (NF-IL6) via p38 MAPK induces HIV-1 gene expression in monocytes/macrophages. Microbes Infect. 2007;9:721-8 pubmed
    ..Identification of TRAF-p38 MAPK-CEBPbeta pathway provides a new target for controlling reactivation of latent HIV-1 in monocytes/macrophages. ..
  41. Tada K, Okazaki T, Sakon S, Kobarai T, Kurosawa K, Yamaoka S, et al. Critical roles of TRAF2 and TRAF5 in tumor necrosis factor-induced NF-kappa B activation and protection from cell death. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:36530-4 pubmed
    ..Collectively, these results indicate that both TRAF2 and TRAF5 are involved in TNF-induced NF-kappaB activation and protection from cell death. ..
  42. Missiou A, Rudolf P, Stachon P, Wolf D, Varo N, Aichele P, et al. TRAF5 deficiency accelerates atherogenesis in mice by increasing inflammatory cell recruitment and foam cell formation. Circ Res. 2010;107:757-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Unexpectedly, TRAF5 deficiency accelerates atherogenesis in mice, an effect likely mediated by increased inflammatory cell recruitment to the vessel wall and enhanced foam cell formation. ..
  43. So T, Salek Ardakani S, Nakano H, Ware C, Croft M. TNF receptor-associated factor 5 limits the induction of Th2 immune responses. J Immunol. 2004;172:4292-7 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that TRAF5 can limit the induction of Th2 responses, and that TRAF5 can play a role in modulating responses driven by OX40 costimulation. ..
  44. Nakano H, Sakon S, Koseki H, Takemori T, Tada K, Matsumoto M, et al. Targeted disruption of Traf5 gene causes defects in CD40- and CD27-mediated lymphocyte activation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999;96:9803-8 pubmed
    ..CD27-mediated costimulatory signal also was impaired in traf5(-/-) T cells. Collectively, these results demonstrate that TRAF5 is involved in CD40- and CD27-mediated signaling. ..
  45. Kobayashi N, Kadono Y, Naito A, Matsumoto K, Yamamoto T, Tanaka S, et al. Segregation of TRAF6-mediated signaling pathways clarifies its role in osteoclastogenesis. EMBO J. 2001;20:1271-80 pubmed
    ..Thus, TRAF6 plays essential roles in both the differentiation and maturation of osteoclasts by activating various kinases via its multiple domains. ..
  46. Kim J, Oh Y, Lee J, Im D, Kim Y, Youn J, et al. Induction of proinflammatory mediators requires activation of the TRAF, NIK, IKK and NF-kappaB signal transduction pathway in astrocytes infected with Escherichia coli. Clin Exp Immunol. 2005;140:450-60 pubmed
    ..coli-infected astrocytes via an NF-kappaB pathway, suggesting that these mediators may contribute to inflammation in the brain, including infiltration of inflammatory cells. ..
  47. Lee S, Han S, Kim H, Lee Z. TAK1-dependent activation of AP-1 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase by receptor activator of NF-kappaB. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2002;35:371-6 pubmed
    ..Our findings indicate that TAK1 is involved in the MAPK cascade and NF-kappaB pathway that is activated by RANK. ..
  48. Saitoh T, Nakano H, Yamamoto N, Yamaoka S. Lymphotoxin-beta receptor mediates NEMO-independent NF-kappaB activation. FEBS Lett. 2002;532:45-51 pubmed
    ..In the absence of NEMO, the p50 and RelB, but not RelA subunits of NF-kappaB are found in the nuclear DNA binding complexes induced by the LTbetaR signaling. Our results thus disclose NEMO-independent NF-kappaB activation by LTbetaR. ..
  49. He L, Olson D, Wu X, Karpova T, McNally J, Lipsky P. A flow cytometric method to detect protein-protein interaction in living cells by directly visualizing donor fluorophore quenching during CFP-->YFP fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Cytometry A. 2003;55:71-85 pubmed
    ..This method can be used not only to analyze cells that express a CFP and YFP fusion protein, but also independent CFP-coupled and YFP-coupled interacting proteins. ..
  50. Piao J, Yoshida H, Yeh W, Doi T, Xue X, Yagita H, et al. TNF receptor-associated factor 2-dependent canonical pathway is crucial for the development of Peyer's patches. J Immunol. 2007;178:2272-7 pubmed
    ..These results underscore a crucial role for the TNFR1-TRAF2-RelA-dependent canonical pathway in the development of PP through up-regulation of cxcl13 mRNA. ..
  51. Potter C, Eyre S, Cope A, Worthington J, Barton A. Investigation of association between the TRAF family genes and RA susceptibility. Ann Rheum Dis. 2007;66:1322-6 pubmed
    ..Further association and functional studies are required to investigate the role of this variant, or one in linkage disequilibrium with it, in RA disease causation. ..
  52. Horie R, Watanabe T, Ito K, Morisita Y, Watanabe M, Ishida T, et al. Cytoplasmic aggregation of TRAF2 and TRAF5 proteins in the Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg cells. Am J Pathol. 2002;160:1647-54 pubmed
    ..Thus, cytoplasmic aggregation of TRAF proteins appears to reflect constitutive CD30 signaling which is characteristic of H-RS cells. ..
  53. Nakano H, Shindo M, Yamada K, Yoshida M, Santee S, Ware C, et al. Human TNF receptor-associated factor 5 (TRAF5): cDNA cloning, expression and assignment of the TRAF5 gene to chromosome 1q32. Genomics. 1997;42:26-32 pubmed
    ..Fluorescence in situ hybridization confirmed regional localization to human chromosome 1q32. ..