Summary: Pigmented or colored fluid used for writing, staining, painting, drawing, printing, or copying images.

Top Publications

  1. Terris M, McNeal J. Application of tissue-marking ink to prostate biopsy specimens. Prostate. 2002;50:247-51 pubmed
    ..We have tried several methods of ink application and combining ink-labeled biopsy specimens into fewer containers with the goal of maintaining ..
  2. Gibson G, Lesnikoski B, Yoo J, Mott L, Cady B, Barth R. A comparison of ink-directed and traditional whole-cavity re-excision for breast lumpectomy specimens with positive margins. Ann Surg Oncol. 2001;8:693-704 pubmed
    ..Fifty-five percent had a positive or close margin; 181 underwent whole-cavity re-excision, and 120 had ink-directed re-excision. The mean follow-up time was 3.4 years...
  3. Braun R, Thomas L, Kolm I, French L, Marghoob A. The furrow ink test: a clue for the dermoscopic diagnosis of acral melanoma vs nevus. Arch Dermatol. 2008;144:1618-20 pubmed publisher
    ..For this reason, we describe a simple in vivo technique that makes this task much easier for the clinician...
  4. Bohonowych J, Zhao B, Timme Laragy A, Jung D, Di Giulio R, Denison M. Newspapers and newspaper ink contain agonists for the ah receptor. Toxicol Sci. 2008;102:278-90 pubmed publisher
    ..sulfoxide (DMSO), ethanol, and water extracts of printed newspaper, unprinted virgin paper, and black printing ink, where activation of luciferase reporter gene expression was transient, suggesting that the AhR active chemical(s) ..
  5. Kim Y, Yoo B, Anthony J, Park S. Controlled deposition of a high-performance small-molecule organic single-crystal transistor array by direct ink-jet printing. Adv Mater. 2012;24:497-502 pubmed publisher
    b>Ink-jet printed small-molecule organic single-crystal transistors are realized by using selective surface energy modification, precise control of volume density of ink droplets on spatially patterned areas, and a co-solvent system to ..
  6. Kennedy B, Bedard B, Younge M, Tuttle D, Ammerman E, Ricci J, et al. Outbreak of Mycobacterium chelonae infection associated with tattoo ink. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:1020-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The main goals were to identify the extent, cause, and form of transmission of the outbreak and to prevent further cases of infection...
  7. Pemberton R, Pittson R, Biddle N, Hart J. Fabrication of microband glucose biosensors using a screen-printing water-based carbon ink and their application in serum analysis. Biosens Bioelectron. 2009;24:1246-52 pubmed publisher
    Microband glucose biosensors were fabricated by screen-printing a water-based carbon ink formulation containing cobalt phthalocyanine redox mediator and glucose oxidase (GOD) enzyme, then insulating and sectioning through the thick (..
  8. Yu Y, Zhang J, Liu J. Biomedical implementation of liquid metal ink as drawable ECG electrode and skin circuit. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58771 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe for the first time the method of applying Ga-based liquid metal ink as drawable electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes...
  9. Heikkinen J, Kivimäki L, Määttä J, Mäkelä I, Hakalahti L, Takkinen K, et al. Versatile bio-ink for covalent immobilization of chimeric avidin on sol-gel substrates. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2011;87:409-14 pubmed publisher
    A bio-ink for covalent deposition of thermostable, high affinity biotin-binding chimeric avidin onto sol-gel substrates was developed...

Scientific Experts

More Information


  1. Chen S, Xu J, Xue C, Dong P, Sheng W, Yu G, et al. Sequence determination of a non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan-like polysaccharide from melanin-free ink of the squid Ommastrephes bartrami by negative-ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. Glycoconj J. 2008;25:481-92 pubmed publisher
    A non-sulfated polysaccharide was isolated from the ink sac of squid Ommastrephes bartrami after removal of the melanin granules...
  2. Singh B, Hillier A. Multicolor surface plasmon resonance imaging of ink jet-printed protein microarrays. Anal Chem. 2007;79:5124-32 pubmed
    ..As an example, we interrogated a protein microarray formed by a commercial drop-on-demand chemical ink jet printer. Submonolayer films of a test protein (bovine serum albumin) were readily detected by this method...
  3. Simon J, Michna S, Lewis J, Rekow E, Thompson V, Smay J, et al. In vivo bone response to 3D periodic hydroxyapatite scaffolds assembled by direct ink writing. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2007;83:747-58 pubmed
    ..5 mm thick) are fabricated by direct-write assembly of a concentrated HA ink. The scaffolds consist of cylindrical rods periodically arranged into four quadrants with varying separation ..
  4. Cullan D, Wongworawat M. Sterility of the surgical site marking between the ink and the epidermis. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;205:319-21 pubmed
    ..Potential contamination of the surgical field and the inability to prepare the area under the ink film raises concerns...
  5. Rawson F, Purcell W, Xu J, Pemberton R, Fielden P, Biddle N, et al. A microband lactate biosensor fabricated using a water-based screen-printed carbon ink. Talanta. 2009;77:1149-54 pubmed publisher demonstrated for the first time that screen-printed carbon microband electrodes fabricated from water-based ink can readily detect H(2)O(2) and that the same ink, with the addition of lactate oxidase, can be used to construct ..
  6. Russo G, De Nisco E, Fiore G, Di Donato P, d Ischia M, Palumbo A. Toxicity of melanin-free ink of Sepia officinalis to transformed cell lines: identification of the active factor as tyrosinase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003;308:293-9 pubmed
    The melanin-free ink of the cephalopod Sepia officinalis is shown to contain a heat labile proteinaceous component toxic to a variety of cell lines, including PC12 cells...
  7. Yeo C, Kwon J, Jang S, Lee Y. Antireflective disordered subwavelength structure on GaAs using spin-coated Ag ink mask. Opt Express. 2012;20:19554-62 pubmed publisher
    ..disordered subwavelength structures (d-SWSs) on GaAs substrate by Ag etch masks formed using spin-coated Ag ink and subsequent inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching process...
  8. Chung W, Yang J, Lee D, Chang S, Lee M, Choi J, et al. Paradoxical darkening of unperceived tattoo ink after relatively low fluence from a Q-switched Nd:YAG (1064-nm) laser in the course of treatment for melasma. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2009;34:e555-7 pubmed publisher
    Although Q-switched (QS) lasers are the mainstay of modern tattoo removal, paradoxical darkening of tattoo ink may occur...
  9. Yoo S, Hsieh J, Zou P, Kokoszka J. Utilization of calcium carbonate particles from eggshell waste as coating pigments for ink-jet printing paper. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:6416-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The recovered ECC particles were utilized as coating pigments for ink-jet printing paper and their impact on the ink density and paper gloss were investigated...
  10. Crouch E, Cowell D, Hoskins S, Pittson R, Hart J. A novel, disposable, screen-printed amperometric biosensor for glucose in serum fabricated using a water-based carbon ink. Biosens Bioelectron. 2005;21:712-8 pubmed
    Screen-printed amperometric glucose biosensors have been fabricated using a water-based carbon ink. The enzyme glucose oxidase (GOD) and the electro-catalyst cobalt phthalocyanine were mixed with the carbon ink prior to the screen-..
  11. Derby C, Tottempudi M, Love Chezem T, Wolfe L. Ink from longfin inshore squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, as a chemical and visual defense against two predatory fishes, summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus, and sea catfish, Ariopsis felis. Biol Bull. 2013;225:152-60 pubmed
    ..gastropods such as sea hares and cephalopods such as squid, cuttlefish, and octopus-which release a colored ink upon approach or attack...
  12. Crouch E, Cowell D, Hoskins S, Pittson R, Hart J. Amperometric, screen-printed, glucose biosensor for analysis of human plasma samples using a biocomposite water-based carbon ink incorporating glucose oxidase. Anal Biochem. 2005;347:17-23 pubmed
    This paper describes the optimisation of a screen-printing water-based carbon ink containing cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPC) and glucose oxidase (GOD) for the fabrication of a glucose biosensor...
  13. Madaras F, Gerber J, Peddie F, Kokkinn M. The effect of sampling methods on the apparent constituents of ink from the squid Sepioteuthis australis. J Chem Ecol. 2010;36:1171-9 pubmed publisher
    Results of experiments conducted on ink recovered from the squid Sepioteuthis australis indicate that there is no epinephrine or protein naturally present in the ink as it would be ejected in vivo...
  14. Perelaer J, Jani R, Grouchko M, Kamyshny A, Magdassi S, Schubert U. Plasma and microwave flash sintering of a tailored silver nanoparticle ink, yielding 60% bulk conductivity on cost-effective polymer foils. Adv Mater. 2012;24:3993-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach leads to highly conductive features on cost-effective polymer substrates in relatively short times, which are compatible with roll-to-roll (R2R) production. An electroluminescence device is prepared as an example. ..
  15. Wang Y, Zhao X, Wang D. Electrophoretic ink using urea-formaldehyde microspheres. J Microencapsul. 2006;23:762-8 pubmed
    A kind of electronic ink, which is supported on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) glass before polymerization, is prepared using urea and formaldehyde resin as wall materials, in which TiO(2) modified with PMMA are dispersed in tetrachloroethylene (..
  16. Fu Y, Cai X, Wu H, Lv Z, Hou S, Peng M, et al. Fiber supercapacitors utilizing pen ink for flexible/wearable energy storage. Adv Mater. 2012;24:5713-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In the carbon-based fiber supercapacitor (FSC), which has high capacitance performance, commercial pen ink is directly utilized as the electrochemical material...
  17. Gao Y, Li H, Liu J. Direct writing of flexible electronics through room temperature liquid metal ink. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45485 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we describe for the first time the method of using high-performance GaIn(10)-based electrical ink, a significantly neglected room temperature liquid metal, as both electrical conductors and interconnects, for ..
  18. Barona D, Amirfazli A. Producing a superhydrophobic paper and altering its repellency through ink-jet printing. Lab Chip. 2011;11:936-40 pubmed publisher
    ..e. printing solid grey patterns of different intensities with simple printing technology (home or office grade ink-jet and laser printers)...
  19. Hummelgård M, Zhang R, Nilsson H, Olin H. Electrical sintering of silver nanoparticle ink studied by in-situ TEM probing. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17209 pubmed publisher
    ..1-10 mW/?m³. In addition, a carbonization of the organic shells that stabilize the nanoparticles were found, with a conductivity of 4 10? Sm?¹. ..
  20. Schulze K, Clark E. Ink dispersion by sequential contractions in isolated segments of guinea pig ileum and duodenum. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2008;20:1317-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we recorded the flow of an ink bolus in response to peristaltic contractions of segments of guinea pig intestine...
  21. Hashiyada M. Development of biometric DNA ink for authentication security. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2004;204:109-17 pubmed
    ..This report describes the development of DNA ink, which contains synthetic DNA mixed with printing inks...
  22. Bog U, Laue T, Grossmann T, Beck T, Wienhold T, Richter B, et al. On-chip microlasers for biomolecular detection via highly localized deposition of a multifunctional phospholipid ink. Lab Chip. 2013;13:2701-7 pubmed publisher
    ..light-guiding circumference of pre-fabricated poly(methyl methacrylate) resonators with a multifunctional molecular ink. The functionalization is performed in one single fabrication step and simultaneously provides optical gain as well ..
  23. Takulapalli B, Morrison M, Gu J, Zhang P. A nanocontact printing system for sub-100 nm aligned patterning. Nanotechnology. 2011;22:285302 pubmed publisher
    ..the stamp inking, we have devised a microfluidic apparatus based on the gradient capillary force for transport of ink solutions. The nCP system has been tested by printing nucleoside phosphoramidites on a nanopillar arrayed substrate...
  24. Faraldo A, Lello E. Defense reactions of Dermatobia hominis (Diptera: Cuterebridae) larval hemocytes. Biocell. 2003;27:197-203 pubmed
    ..reactions against biological (Histoplasma capsulatum and Escherichia coli) and non-biological materials (China ink and nylon thread) were tested in vivo in third instar larvae of Dermatobia hominis...
  25. Gardner Thorpe D, Gardner Thorpe C, Pearn J. William Close (1775-1813): medicine, music, ink and engines in the Lake District. J R Soc Med. 2004;97:599-602 pubmed
  26. Ounsi H, Franciosi G, Paragliola R, Al Hezaimi K, Salameh Z, Tay F, et al. Comparison of two techniques for assessing the shaping efficacy of repeatedly used nickel-titanium rotary instruments. J Endod. 2011;37:847-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Canal preparations are significantly smaller after the third use of the same instrument. ..
  27. Singh M, Singh G, Hogan K, Atkins K, Schroen A. The effect of intraoperative specimen inking on lumpectomy re-excision rates. World J Surg Oncol. 2010;8:4 pubmed publisher
    ..Residual disease at re-excision was found in 27% [SI] vs. 67% [II] of cases. Intraoperative inking in this practice offered a simple way to reduce re-excision rates after lumpectomy and affect an improvement in quality of patient care. ..
  28. Bagwan I, Walker M, Theaker J. Granuloma annulare-like tattoo reaction. J Cutan Pathol. 2007;34:804-5 pubmed
  29. Kishimura A, Yamashita T, Yamaguchi K, Aida T. Rewritable phosphorescent paper by the control of competing kinetic and thermodynamic self-assembling events. Nat Mater. 2005;4:546-9 pubmed
    ..Here we report a novel photoluminescent ink for rewritable media that dichroically emits phosphorescence due to a structural bistability of the self-assembled ..
  30. Lenhert S, Sun P, Wang Y, Fuchs H, Mirkin C. Massively parallel dip-pen nanolithography of heterogeneous supported phospholipid multilayer patterns. Small. 2007;3:71-5 pubmed
  31. Jordan A, Hsieh J, Lee D. Purification of inkjet ink from water using liquid phase, electric discharge polymerization and cellulosic membrane filtration. Water Sci Technol. 2013;68:2042-7 pubmed publisher
    A method to separate inkjet ink from water was developed using a liquid phase, electric discharge process...
  32. Høgsberg T, Saunte D, Frimodt Møller N, Serup J. Microbial status and product labelling of 58 original tattoo inks. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013;27:73-80 pubmed publisher
    European Council resolutions on tattoo ink introduce sterility and preservation of inks to protect customers...
  33. Kim B, Jung S, Suh S, Park B. Study of palladium catalyzation for electroless copper plating on polyimide film. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2013;13:517-22 pubmed
    In order to form flexible printed circuits through inkjet printing technique, the Pd(ll) catalyst ink was printed on the surface of polyimide film modified with KOH solution and then reduced with NaBH4 solution to extract the Pd(O) ..
  34. Belgardt C, Sowade E, Blaudeck T, Baumgärtel T, Graaf H, von Borczyskowski C, et al. Inkjet printing as a tool for the patterned deposition of octadecylsiloxane monolayers on silicon oxide surfaces. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013;15:7494-504 pubmed publisher
  35. Lee D, Lee D, Won Y, Hong H, Kim Y, Song H, et al. Insertion of Vertically Aligned Nanowires into Living Cells by Inkjet Printing of Cells. Small. 2016;12:1446-57 pubmed publisher
    ..conditions and printable bioink composed of living Chlamy cells are optimized to achieve stable jetting and precise ink deposition of bioink for indentation of NWs into Chlamy cells...
  36. Laurin N, Célestin F, Clark M, Wilkinson D, Yamashita B, Frégeau C. New incompatibilities uncovered using the Promega DNA IQ™ chemistry. Forensic Sci Int. 2015;257:134-41 pubmed publisher
    ..High quality STR profiles were obtained from samples subjected to MAGNAâ„¢ Jet Black suggesting it does not impact DNA integrity. ..
  37. Heath J, Zoitopoulos L, Griffiths C. Simple methods for denture identification: a clinical trial. J Oral Rehabil. 1988;15:587-92 pubmed
    ..In general, the marks applied with the pens were rapidly lost, but those covered with the sealants persisted satisfactorily. The experimental sealant performed slightly better than the proprietary product. ..
  38. Rouhi N, Jain D, Burke P. High-performance semiconducting nanotube inks: progress and prospects. ACS Nano. 2011;5:8471-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the development of ink formulations that are of practical use in manufacturing is of paramount importance, especially with regard to ..
  39. Tabacca N, Cole L, Hillier A, Rajala Schultz P. Epithelial migration on the canine tympanic membrane. Vet Dermatol. 2011;22:502-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Eighteen dogs were anaesthetized, and three drops of waterproof drawing ink were placed on two sites of the pars tensa (PT) and one on the pars flaccida (PF)...
  40. Khan M, Fon D, Li X, Tian J, Forsythe J, Garnier G, et al. Biosurface engineering through ink jet printing. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2010;75:441-7 pubmed publisher
    The feasibility of thermal ink jet printing as a robust process for biosurface engineering was demonstrated. The strategy investigated was to reconstruct a commercial printer and take advantage of its colour management interface...
  41. Balu B, Berry A, Hess D, Breedveld V. Patterning of superhydrophobic paper to control the mobility of micro-liter drops for two-dimensional lab-on-paper applications. Lab Chip. 2009;9:3066-75 pubmed publisher
    Superhydrophobic paper substrates were patterned with high surface energy black ink using commercially available desktop printing technology...
  42. Hovanesian J. Cataract wound closure with a polymerizing liquid hydrogel ocular bandage. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2009;35:912-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Each eye was tested under low-pressure conditions to detect fluid ingress of India ink on the eye's surface. Eyes were tested again with external compression to distort the wound to detect fluid egress...
  43. Arrabito G, Musumeci C, Aiello V, Libertino S, Compagnini G, Pignataro B. On the relationship between jetted inks and printed biopatterns: molecular-thin functional microarrays of glucose oxidase. Langmuir. 2009;25:6312-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The addition of glycerol to the molecular ink allows to obtain high spot definition and resolution (tens of micrometers wide; one molecule tall), but in spite of ..
  44. Ide T, Yoo S, Kymionis G, Perez V, Goldman J, O Brien T. Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK): effect of nontoxic gentian violet marking pen on DSAEK donor tissue viability by using vital dye assay. Cornea. 2008;27:562-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To qualitatively assess the endothelial damage on Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) donor tissue resulting from a gentian violet marking pen...
  45. Baluya D, Garrett T, Yost R. Automated MALDI matrix deposition method with inkjet printing for imaging mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2007;79:6862-7 pubmed
    ..The inkjet printer tray, designed to hold CDs and DVDs, was modified to hold microscope slides. Empty ink cartridges were filled with MALDI matrix solutions, including DHB in methanol/water (70:30) at concentrations up to ..
  46. Lee C, Darah I, Ibrahim C. Enzymatic deinking of laser printed office waste papers: some governing parameters on deinking efficiency. Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:1684-9 pubmed
    ..5% (w/w), working air flow rate of 10.0L/min and temperature of 45 degrees C. The deinked papers were found to exhibit properties comparable to the commercial papers suggesting the effectiveness of the enzymatic process developed. ..
  47. Mueannoom W, Srisongphan A, Taylor K, Hauschild S, Gaisford S. Thermal ink-jet spray freeze-drying for preparation of excipient-free salbutamol sulphate for inhalation. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2012;80:149-55 pubmed publisher
    The use of thermal ink-jet spray freeze-drying (TIJ-SFD) to engineer inhalable, excipient-free salbutamol sulphate (SS) particles was assessed...
  48. Regensburger J, Lehner K, Maisch T, Vasold R, Santarelli F, Engel E, et al. Tattoo inks contain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons that additionally generate deleterious singlet oxygen. Exp Dermatol. 2010;19:e275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The total concentrations of PAHs in the different inks ranged from 0.14 to 201 microg/g tattoo ink. Benz(a)pyrene was found in four ink samples at a mean concentration of 0.3 +/- 0.2 microg/g...
  49. Li X, Tian J, Garnier G, Shen W. Fabrication of paper-based microfluidic sensors by printing. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2010;76:564-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Incorporating this idea with digital ink jet printing techniques, a new fabrication method of paper-based microfluidic devices is established...
  50. Lim S, Lim C. New contrast stain for the rapid diagnosis of pityriasis versicolor. Arch Dermatol. 2008;144:1058-9 pubmed publisher
  51. Salazar R, Shovsky A, Schönherr H, Vancso G. Dip-pen nanolithography on (bio)reactive monolayer and block-copolymer platforms: deposition of lines of single macromolecules. Small. 2006;2:1274-82 pubmed
  52. Chaplin T, Clark R, Jacobs D, Jensen K, Smith G. The Gutenberg Bibles: analysis of the illuminations and inks using Raman spectroscopy. Anal Chem. 2005;77:3611-22 pubmed
    ..The two Gutenberg Bibles held in Germany, printed on vellum, have the more expensive palettes, which include lazurite. The SUB Göttingen copy has the most extensive palette with 16 pigment-related materials having been identified. ..
  53. Kasas S, Khanmy Vital A, Dietler G. Examination of line crossings by atomic force microscopy. Forensic Sci Int. 2001;119:290-8 pubmed