tobacco industry


Summary: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.

Top Publications

  1. Harris B. The intractable cigarette 'filter problem'. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 1:i10-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Both the ineffectiveness of cigarette filters and the tobacco industry's misleading marketing of the benefits of filtered cigarettes have been well documented...
  2. Tauras J, Levy D, Chaloupka F, Villanti A, Niaura R, Vallone D, et al. Menthol and non-menthol smoking: the impact of prices and smoke-free air laws. Addiction. 2010;105 Suppl 1:115-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The strong preference for mentholated cigarettes may serve as a lever to reduce smoking prevalence when combined with increased access to effective cessation treatments. ..
  3. Borland R, Winstanley M, Reading D. Legislation to institutionalize resources for tobacco control: the 1987 Victorian Tobacco Act. Addiction. 2009;104:1623-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Health promotion agencies, once established, can play an important role in advancing issues like tobacco control. ..
  4. Siahpush M, Jones P, Singh G, Timsina L, Martin J. The association of tobacco marketing with median income and racial/ethnic characteristics of neighbourhoods in Omaha, Nebraska. Tob Control. 2010;19:256-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Banning tobacco marketing, as recommended by the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, is likely to reduce tobacco use disparities. ..
  5. Lyons A, McNeill A, Chen Y, Britton J. Tobacco and tobacco branding in films most popular in the UK from 1989 to 2008. Thorax. 2010;65:417-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Specific brand appearances are now rare but occur repeatedly in some films. The BBFC is not currently protecting children and young people from exposure to tobacco imagery in film. ..
  6. Adams M, Effertz T. [Excise taxes on tobacco and the problem of smuggling - concerning the credibility of the tobacco industry's "Discarded-Cigarette-Packages-Study"]. Gesundheitswesen. 2011;73:705-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The tobacco industry however claims that higher taxes have tremendous effects on smuggling activity with additional costs with ..
  7. Stepanov I, Knezevich A, Zhang L, Watson C, Hatsukami D, Hecht S. Carcinogenic tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines in US cigarettes: three decades of remarkable neglect by the tobacco industry. Tob Control. 2012;21:44-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In light of the recently granted regulatory authority to the FDA over tobacco products, regulation of TSNA levels in cigarette tobacco should be strongly considered to reduce the levels of these potent carcinogens in cigarette smoke. ..
  8. Laugesen M, Glover M, Fraser T, McCormick R, Scott J. Four policies to end the sale of cigarettes and smoking tobacco in New Zealand by 2020. N Z Med J. 2010;123:55-67 pubmed
    ..Intensive policy research is needed now as public interest increases. Support from the public and from legislators to promote a suitable amendment bill is now needed. ..
  9. Gilmore A, Fooks G, McKee M. A review of the impacts of tobacco industry privatisation: Implications for policy. Glob Public Health. 2011;6:621-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This review of available literature on tobacco industry privatisation suggests that any economic benefits of privatisation may be lower than supposed, because ..

More Information


  1. Leatherdale S, Ahmed R, Vu M. Factors associated with different cigarette access behaviours among underage smoking youth who usually smoke contraband (native) cigarettes. Can J Public Health. 2011;102:103-7 pubmed
    ..Ongoing surveillance of contraband cigarette use among youth and how youth access contraband cigarettes is required for guiding future tobacco control policy and programming activities. ..
  2. Lo C. FCTC guidelines on tobacco industry foreign investment would strengthen controls on tobacco supply and close loopholes in the tobacco treaty. Tob Control. 2010;19:306-10 pubmed publisher
    The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) contains no provisions covering tobacco industry investments...
  3. Yerger V. Menthol's potential effects on nicotine dependence: a tobacco industry perspective. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii29-36 pubmed publisher
    To examine what the tobacco industry knows about the potential effects menthol may have on nicotine dependence. A snowball strategy was used to systematically search the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf...
  4. Gilmore A, Branston J, Sweanor D. The case for OFSMOKE: how tobacco price regulation is needed to promote the health of markets, government revenue and the public. Tob Control. 2010;19:423-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The paper outlines in some detail how such a system might be developed in the UK, while briefly exploring how it could be applied elsewhere, including in markets with state monopolies. ..
  5. Helme D, Rayens M, Kercsmar S, Adkins S, Amundsen S, Lee E, et al. Rural print media portrayal of secondhand smoke and smoke-free policy. Health Promot Pract. 2012;13:848-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications for targeting pro-health media in rural communities as well as policy-based initiatives for tobacco control are discussed. ..
  6. DiFranza J. Which interventions against the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce smoking?. Tob Control. 2012;21:436-42 pubmed publisher
    ..The tobacco industry has a long history of legal challenges to such restrictions claiming that they cannot be expected to reduce ..
  7. Gallopel Morvan K, Moodie C, Hammond D, Eker F, Beguinot E, Martinet Y. Consumer perceptions of cigarette pack design in France: a comparison of regular, limited edition and plain packaging. Tob Control. 2012;21:502-6 pubmed publisher
    ..on the marketing of tobacco products, packaging has become an increasingly important promotional tool for the tobacco industry. A ban on the use of branding on tobacco packaging, known as 'plain' packaging, has emerged as a promising ..
  8. Aguinaga Bialous S, Peeters S. A brief overview of the tobacco industry in the last 20 years. Tob Control. 2012;21:92-4 pubmed publisher
    Since the launch of Tobacco Control 20 years ago, there have been several changes in the tobacco industry worldwide. The goal of this commentary is to present some of the keys changes of the past two decades...
  9. Gilmore A. Understanding the vector in order to plan effective tobacco control policies: an analysis of contemporary tobacco industry materials. Tob Control. 2012;21:119-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Monitoring TTCs can inform effective policy development. The value maximising approach of TTCs suggests that a ban on product innovation and more informed tobacco excise policies are needed. ..
  10. Gilmore A, Tavakoly B, Taylor G, Reed H. Understanding tobacco industry pricing strategy and whether it undermines tobacco tax policy: the example of the UK cigarette market. Addiction. 2013;108:1317-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Governments must monitor cigarette prices by price segment and consider industry pricing strategies in setting tobacco tax policies. ..
  11. Kreslake J, Yerger V. Tobacco industry knowledge of the role of menthol in chemosensory perception of tobacco smoke. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12 Suppl 2:S98-101 pubmed publisher
    Sensory perception is a key determinant of smoking behavior and, therefore, reinforcement and addiction. The tobacco industry has conducted extensive research on the chemosensory and physiological effects of menthol in tobacco smoke and ..
  12. Rosen L, Ben Noach M. Systematic reviews on tobacco control from Cochrane and the Community Guide: different methods, similar findings. J Clin Epidemiol. 2010;63:596-606 pubmed publisher
    ..Still, they usually reach similar conclusions. Identification of all pertinent original studies seems to be a weak point in the SR process. Policy makers should use reviews from both organizations in formulating tobacco control policy. ..
  13. Gonseth S, Jacot Sadowski I, Diethelm P, Barras V, Cornuz J. The tobacco industry's past role in weight control related to smoking. Eur J Public Health. 2012;22:234-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined whether the tobacco industry played a role in appetite and body weight control related to smoking and smoking cessation...
  14. Klausner K. Menthol cigarettes and smoking initiation: a tobacco industry perspective. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii12-9 pubmed publisher
    To determine what the tobacco industry knew about menthol cigarettes and the initiation of smoking...
  15. Yerger V, McCandless P. Menthol sensory qualities and smoking topography: a review of tobacco industry documents. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii37-43 pubmed publisher
    To determine what the tobacco industry knew about the potential effects of menthol on smoking topography-how a person smokes a cigarette...
  16. Klein E, Ferketich A, Abdel Rasoul M, KWAN M, Kenda L, Wewers M. Smokeless tobacco marketing and sales practices in Appalachian Ohio following federal regulations. Nicotine Tob Res. 2012;14:880-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The significant increase in ST brands advertised suggests that advertising remains a clear presence in retail outlets in Appalachian Ohio. ..
  17. Novotny T. Irreconcilable conflict: the tobacco industry and the public health challenge of tobacco use. PLoS Med. 2013;10:e1001457 pubmed publisher
    Thomas Novotny reflects on new research by Stanton Glantz and colleagues and the implications of their findings for engaging the tobacco industry on tobacco product regulation.
  18. Rees V, Kreslake J, O Connor R, Cummings K, Parascandola M, Hatsukami D, et al. Methods used in internal industry clinical trials to assess tobacco risk reduction. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009;18:3196-208 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Tobacco industry clinical trial methods may provide insight into strategies to assess potential reduced exposure products (..
  19. Pierce J, Messer K, James L, White M, Kealey S, Vallone D, et al. Camel No. 9 cigarette-marketing campaign targeted young teenage girls. Pediatrics. 2010;125:619-26 pubmed publisher
    The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) restricted tobacco industry advertising practices that targeted teens. To assess whether cigarette-advertising campaigns conducted after the MSA continue to influence smoking among adolescents...
  20. Freeman B, Chapman S. British American Tobacco on Facebook: undermining Article 13 of the global World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Tob Control. 2010;19:e1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of the present research could be used to test the comprehensiveness of the advertising ban by requesting that governments mandate the removal of this promotional material from Facebook. ..
  21. Tesler L, Malone R. "Our reach is wide by any corporate standard": how the tobacco industry helped defeat the Clinton health plan and why it matters now. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:1174-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Unwittingly perhaps, some reform supporters advanced the tobacco industry's public relations blitz, contributing to perceptions of public opposition to the plan...
  22. Currie L, Clancy L. The road to smoke-free legislation in Ireland. Addiction. 2011;106:15-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The Irish smoke-free legislation was a success as a policy initiative because of timing, dedication, planning, implementation and the existence of strong leadership and a powerful convinced credible political champion. ..
  23. Thomson G, Wilson N, Blakely T, Edwards R. Ending appreciable tobacco use in a nation: using a sinking lid on supply. Tob Control. 2010;19:431-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The likely context for initial success in jurisdictions includes geographical isolation and/or strong border controls, absence of significant tobacco production and/or manufacturing and low government corruption. ..
  24. Seidenberg A, Caughey R, Rees V, Connolly G. Storefront cigarette advertising differs by community demographic profile. Am J Health Promot. 2010;24:e26-31 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings emphasize the need for more effective regulation of storefront tobacco advertising. ..
  25. Smith K, Fooks G, Collin J, Weishaar H, Mandal S, Gilmore A. "Working the system"--British American tobacco's influence on the European union treaty and its implications for policy: an analysis of internal tobacco industry documents. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000202 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study sought to assess how, why, and in what ways corporations, and particularly the tobacco industry, influenced the EU's approach to IA...
  26. Chapman S. The case for a smoker's license. PLoS Med. 2012;9:e1001342 pubmed publisher
    ..argues against the proposal, saying that it would shift focus away from the real vector of the epidemic--the tobacco industry--and that by focusing on individuals it would censure victims, increase stigmatization of smokers, and ..
  27. Edwards R, Wilson N, Peace J, Weerasekera D, Thomson G, Gifford H. Support for a tobacco endgame and increased regulation of the tobacco industry among New Zealand smokers: results from a National Survey. Tob Control. 2013;22:e86-93 pubmed publisher
    ..prevalence of smoker support for a ban on cigarette sales in 10 years time and increased regulation of the tobacco industry and to investigate the independent associations of support for these measures...
  28. Fooks G, Gilmore A, Smith K, Collin J, Holden C, Lee K. Corporate social responsibility and access to policy élites: an analysis of tobacco industry documents. PLoS Med. 2011;8:e1001076 pubmed publisher
    ..Measures are needed to ensure transparency of interactions between all parts of government and the tobacco industry and for policy makers to be made more aware of what companies hope to achieve through CSR.
  29. Anderson S, McCandless P, Klausner K, Taketa R, Yerger V. Tobacco documents research methodology. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii8-11 pubmed publisher
    ..This brief discussion also highlights technological capabilities in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and updates methods for organising internal tobacco documents data and findings. ..
  30. Hatsukami D, Perkins K, LeSage M, Ashley D, Henningfield J, Benowitz N, et al. Nicotine reduction revisited: science and future directions. Tob Control. 2010;19:e1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This article provides an overview of the current science in the area of reduced nicotine content cigarettes and key conclusions and recommendations for research and policy that emerged from the deliberations of the meeting members. ..
  31. Fakunle D, Morton C, Peterson N. The importance of income in the link between tobacco outlet density and demographics at the tract level of analysis in New Jersey. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2010;9:249-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications of the study and directions for future research, specifically the interaction between income and race/ethnicity, are discussed. ..
  32. Chu A, Jiang N, Glantz S. Transnational tobacco industry promotion of the cigarette gifting custom in China. Tob Control. 2011;20:e3 pubmed publisher
    ..Library complemented by searches on LexisNexis Academic news, online search engines and information from the tobacco industry trade press...
  33. Lee Y, Glantz S. Menthol: putting the pieces together. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..companies' understanding and use of menthol as summarised in published research based on previously internal tobacco industry documents with results from large population-based surveys of tobacco use and other independent sources...
  34. Burch T, Wander N, Collin J. Uneasy money: the Instituto Carlos Slim de la Salud, tobacco philanthropy and conflict of interest in global health. Tob Control. 2010;19:e1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..ICSS was soon criticised, however, on the grounds that its funding was derived from tobacco industry profits and that its founder Carlos Slim Hélu remained an active industry principal...
  35. Anderson S. Marketing of menthol cigarettes and consumer perceptions: a review of tobacco industry documents. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii20-8 pubmed publisher
    To examine tobacco industry marketing of menthol cigarettes and to determine what the tobacco industry knew about consumer perceptions of menthol...
  36. Danishevskiy K, McKee M. Tobacco: a product like any other?. Health Econ Policy Law. 2011;6:265-72 pubmed publisher
    ..on the regulation of tobacco production has been passed by the State Duma, with the support of the tobacco industry, which implicitly assumes that tobacco is a lawful product, thereby creating legal confusion...
  37. Cruz T, Wright L, Crawford G. The menthol marketing mix: targeted promotions for focus communities in the United States. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12 Suppl 2:S147-53 pubmed publisher
    This study analyzes tobacco industry menthol marketing strategies aimed at urban predominantly Black populations...
  38. Casswell S. Vested interests in addiction research and policy. Why do we not see the corporate interests of the alcohol industry as clearly as we see those of the tobacco industry?. Addiction. 2013;108:680-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach, which obscures the contribution supply and marketing make to alcohol-related harm, has also contributed to failure by governments to adopt effective supply-side policies. ..
  39. Smith K, Savell E, Gilmore A. What is known about tobacco industry efforts to influence tobacco tax? A systematic review of empirical studies. Tob Control. 2013;22:144-53 pubmed publisher
    To systematically review studies of tobacco industry efforts to influence tobacco tax policies. Searches were conducted between 1 October 2009 and 31 March 2010 in 14 databases/websites, in relevant bibliographies and via experts...
  40. Shirane R, Smith K, Ross H, Silver K, Williams S, Gilmore A. Tobacco industry manipulation of tobacco excise and tobacco advertising policies in the Czech Republic: an analysis of tobacco industry documents. PLoS Med. 2012;9:e1001248 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings suggest there is significant scope for tobacco tax increases in the Czech Republic and that large (rather than small, incremental) increases are most effective in reducing smoking. ..
  41. de Camargo K. How to identify science being bent: the tobacco industry's fight to deny second-hand smoking health hazards as an example. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75:1230-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Drawing on examples from the tobacco industry, the article concludes that there are two key features of the tobacco industry case that indicate that ..
  42. Connolly G, Behm I, Osaki Y, Wayne G. The impact of menthol cigarettes on smoking initiation among non-smoking young females in Japan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8:1-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Internal tobacco industry documents demonstrate the intent of tobacco manufacturers to increase initiation among young females through ..
  43. Thomson G, Edwards R, Wilson N, Blakely T. What are the elements of the tobacco endgame?. Tob Control. 2012;21:293-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Even with some or all these circumstances, opposition from business, internal government forces and international factors may influence results. ..
  44. Malone R, Grundy Q, Bero L. Tobacco industry denormalisation as a tobacco control intervention: a review. Tob Control. 2012;21:162-70 pubmed publisher
    To conduct a review of research examining the effects of tobacco industry denormalisation (TID) on smoking-related and attitude-related outcomes...
  45. Friedman L. Tobacco industry use of corporate social responsibility tactics as a sword and a shield on secondhand smoke issues. J Law Med Ethics. 2009;37:819-27 pubmed publisher
    The tobacco industry has used corporate social responsibility tactics to improve its corporate image with the public, press, and regulators who increasingly have grown to view it as a merchant of death...
  46. Crosbie E, Sebrié E, Glantz S. Tobacco industry success in Costa Rica: the importance of FCTC article 5.3. Salud Publica Mex. 2012;54:28-38 pubmed
    To analyze how the tobacco industry influenced tobacco control policymaking in Costa Rica. Review of tobacco industry documents, tobacco control legislation, newspaper articles, and interviewing of key informants...
  47. O Connor R, Wilkins K, Caruso R, Cummings K, Kozlowski L. Cigarette characteristic and emission variations across high-, middle- and low-income countries. Public Health. 2010;124:667-74 pubmed publisher
    The public health burden of tobacco use is shifting to the developing world, and the tobacco industry may apply some of its successful marketing tactics, such as allaying health concerns with product modifications...
  48. Borland R, Young D, Coghill K, Zhang J. The tobacco use management system: analyzing tobacco control from a systems perspective. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:1229-36 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that this goal would be more readily achieved if the regulatory subsystem had dynamic power to regulate tobacco products and the tobacco industry as well as a responsive process for resourcing tobacco use control activities.
  49. Gardiner P, Clark P. Menthol cigarettes: moving toward a broader definition of harm. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12 Suppl 2:S85-93 pubmed publisher
    The current practice of the tobacco industry of primarily focusing on the extent that menthol cigarettes contribute or do not contribute to excess morbidity and mortality in various diseases does not, in and of itself, fully illuminate ..
  50. Cataldo J, Bero L, Malone R. "A delicate diplomatic situation": tobacco industry efforts to gain control of the Framingham Study. J Clin Epidemiol. 2010;63:841-53 pubmed publisher
    ..After US government funding ended, the tobacco industry funded Council for Tobacco Research (CTR) provided continued funding for analyses related to smoking...
  51. Warner K, Mendez D. Tobacco control policy in developed countries: yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12:876-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Needed policy innovations might be quite radical, such as legislating entirely smoke-free outdoor environments or regulators reducing allowable nicotine in cigarettes to non-addicting levels. ..
  52. Gan Q, Glantz S. Relationship between the Chinese tobacco industry and academic institutions in China. Tob Control. 2011;20:12-9 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the relationship between the Chinese tobacco industry and academic institutions in China...
  53. Salgado M, Glantz S. Direct disease-inducing effects of menthol through the eyes of tobacco companies. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii44-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Most information in the tobacco industry documents are reviews of the published biomedical literature, from which the companies concluded that menthol ..