cotton fiber


Summary: A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.

Top Publications

  1. Chaudhary B, Hovav R, Flagel L, Mittler R, Wendel J. Parallel expression evolution of oxidative stress-related genes in fiber from wild and domesticated diploid and polyploid cotton (Gossypium). BMC Genomics. 2009;10:378 pubmed publisher
  2. Lacape J, Llewellyn D, Jacobs J, Arioli T, Becker D, Calhoun S, et al. Meta-analysis of cotton fiber quality QTLs across diverse environments in a Gossypium hirsutum x G. barbadense RIL population. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:132 pubmed publisher
  3. Betancur L, Singh B, Rapp R, Wendel J, Marks M, Roberts A, et al. Phylogenetically distinct cellulose synthase genes support secondary wall thickening in arabidopsis shoot trichomes and cotton fiber. J Integr Plant Biol. 2010;52:205-20 pubmed publisher
    Abstract Through exploring potential analogies between cotton seed trichomes (or cotton fiber) and arabidopsis shoot trichomes we discovered that CesAs from either the primary or secondary wall phylogenetic clades can support secondary ..
  4. Xiao Y, Li D, Yin M, Li X, Zhang M, Wang Y, et al. Gibberellin 20-oxidase promotes initiation and elongation of cotton fibers by regulating gibberellin synthesis. J Plant Physiol. 2010;167:829-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that GA 20-oxidase is involved in fiber development by regulating GA levels, and corresponding genes might be employed as target genes for the manipulation of fiber initiation and elongation in cotton. ..
  5. Brill E, van Thournout M, White R, Llewellyn D, Campbell P, Engelen S, et al. A novel isoform of sucrose synthase is targeted to the cell wall during secondary cell wall synthesis in cotton fiber. Plant Physiol. 2011;157:40-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The subcellular location of the Sus isoforms is determined, and it is proposed that cell wall-localized SusC may provide UDP-glucose for cellulose and callose synthesis from extracellular sugars. ..
  6. Gilbert M, Turley R, Kim H, Li P, Thyssen G, Tang Y, et al. Transcript profiling by microarray and marker analysis of the short cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fiber mutant Ligon lintless-1 (Li1). BMC Genomics. 2013;14:403 pubmed publisher
    b>Cotton fiber length is very important to the quality of textiles...
  7. Naoumkina M, Hinchliffe D, Turley R, Bland J, Fang D. Integrated metabolomics and genomics analysis provides new insights into the fiber elongation process in Ligon lintless-2 mutant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). BMC Genomics. 2013;14:155 pubmed publisher
    The length of cotton fiber is an important agronomic trait characteristic that directly affects the quality of yarn and fabric. The cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L...
  8. Zhang B, Yang Y, Zhang Y, Liu J. A high-confidence reference dataset of differentially expressed proteins in elongating cotton fiber cells. Proteomics. 2013;13:1159-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Our high-confidence reference dataset, composed of 235 DEPs, provides a valuable resource for future studies on the molecular mechanism of cotton fiber elongation.
  9. Chen X, Guo W, Liu B, Zhang Y, Song X, Cheng Y, et al. Molecular mechanisms of fiber differential development between G. barbadense and G. hirsutum revealed by genetical genomics. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30056 pubmed publisher
    b>Cotton fiber qualities including length, strength and fineness are known to be controlled by genes affecting cell elongation and secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis, but the molecular mechanisms that govern development of fiber traits ..

More Information


  1. Padmalatha K, Dhandapani G, Kanakachari M, Kumar S, Dass A, Patil D, et al. Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of cotton under drought stress reveal significant down-regulation of genes and pathways involved in fibre elongation and up-regulation of defense responsive genes. Plant Mol Biol. 2012;78:223-46 pubmed publisher
  2. Mei W, Qin Y, Song W, Li J, Zhu Y. Cotton GhPOX1 encoding plant class III peroxidase may be responsible for the high level of reactive oxygen species production that is related to cotton fiber elongation. J Genet Genomics. 2009;36:141-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we showed that ROS was significantly generated during cotton fiber initiation and elongation, whereas, application of NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and ..
  3. Argiriou A, Kalivas A, Michailidis G, Tsaftaris A. Characterization of PROFILIN genes from allotetraploid (Gossypium hirsutum) cotton and its diploid progenitors and expression analysis in cotton genotypes differing in fiber characteristics. Mol Biol Rep. 2012;39:3523-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, higher levels of expression were observed at the early stages of cotton fiber development (at 10 days post anthesis), indicative that this gene may play a major role in the early stages of ..
  4. Pang Y, Wang H, Song W, Zhu Y. The cotton ATP synthase ?1 subunit is required to maintain a higher ATP/ADP ratio that facilitates rapid fibre cell elongation. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2010;12:903-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that GhATP?1 is important for activity of mitochondrial ATP synthase and is probably related to cotton fibre elongation...
  5. Lee J, Burns T, Light G, Sun Y, Fokar M, Kasukabe Y, et al. Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase genes in cotton and their role in fiber elongation. Planta. 2010;232:1191-205 pubmed publisher
    ..The function of GhXTH1 in mediating cotton fiber elongation was analyzed in transgenic cotton plants that express a transgene consisting of the GhXTH1 coding ..
  6. Ruan Y. Boosting seed development as a new strategy to increase cotton fiber yield and quality. J Integr Plant Biol. 2013;55:572-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Research to improve cotton fiber yield and quality in recent years has been largely focused on identifying genes regulating fiber cell ..
  7. Al Ghazi Y, Bourot S, Arioli T, Dennis E, Llewellyn D. Transcript profiling during fiber development identifies pathways in secondary metabolism and cell wall structure that may contribute to cotton fiber quality. Plant Cell Physiol. 2009;50:1364-81 pubmed publisher
  8. Huang G, Gong S, Xu W, Li W, Li P, Zhang C, et al. A fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein, GhFLA1, is involved in fiber initiation and elongation of cotton. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:1278-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, our results suggested that GhFLA1 may function in fiber initiation and elongation by affecting AGP composition and the integrity of the primary cell wall matrix...
  9. Wang L, Li X, Lian H, Ni D, He Y, Chen X, et al. Evidence that high activity of vacuolar invertase is required for cotton fiber and Arabidopsis root elongation through osmotic dependent and independent pathways, respectively. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:744-56 pubmed publisher
    ..This demonstrates that GhVIN1 functions as VIN in vivo. In cotton fiber, GhVIN1 expression level matched closely with VIN activity and fiber elongation rate...
  10. Jiang Y, Guo W, Zhu H, Ruan Y, Zhang T. Overexpression of GhSusA1 increases plant biomass and improves cotton fiber yield and quality. Plant Biotechnol J. 2012;10:301-12 pubmed publisher
    ..these findings identified GhSusA1 as a key regulator of sink strength in cotton, which is tightly associated with productivity, and hence a promising candidate gene that can be developed to increase cotton fiber yield and quality.
  11. Liu K, Han M, Zhang C, Yao L, Sun J, Zhang T. Comparative proteomic analysis reveals the mechanisms governing cotton fiber differentiation and initiation. J Proteomics. 2012;75:845-56 pubmed publisher
    ..expressed proteins were identified in ovules at -3 and 0 days post-anthesis (DPA), at the times of cotton fiber differentiation and initiation, respectively...
  12. Bowling A, Vaughn K, Turley R. Polysaccharide and glycoprotein distribution in the epidermis of cotton ovules during early fiber initiation and growth. Protoplasma. 2011;248:579-90 pubmed publisher
    The cotton fiber is a model system to study cell wall biosynthesis because the fiber cell elongates (?3 cm in ?20 days) without mitosis...
  13. Jin X, Pang Y, Jia F, Xiao G, Li Q, Zhu Y. A potential role for CHH DNA methylation in cotton fiber growth patterns. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60547 pubmed publisher
    ..FACTOR 6 (ERF6), SUPPRESSION OF RVS 161 DELTA 4 (SUR4) and 3-KETOACYL-COA SYNTHASE 13 (KCS13), which regulate cotton fiber growth. Three independent techniques were used to confirm the annual fluctuations in DNA methylation...
  14. Li X, Wang L, Ruan Y. Developmental and molecular physiological evidence for the role of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in rapid cotton fibre elongation. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:287-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, the data indicate that cotton fibre elongation requires high activity of PEPC, probably through the expression of the GhPEPC1 and 2 genes. ..
  15. Singh B, Cheek H, Haigler C. A synthetic auxin (NAA) suppresses secondary wall cellulose synthesis and enhances elongation in cultured cotton fiber. Plant Cell Rep. 2009;28:1023-32 pubmed publisher
  16. Munis M, Tu L, Deng F, Tan J, Xu L, Xu S, et al. A thaumatin-like protein gene involved in cotton fiber secondary cell wall development enhances resistance against Verticillium dahliae and other stresses in transgenic tobacco. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;393:38-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Overexpression of GbTLP1 had no significant deleterious effect on plant growth except that flowering was delayed for 3-5 weeks. The apparent pleiotropic effect of this novel gene has given us insight to the plant defense mechanism. ..
  17. Walford S, Wu Y, Llewellyn D, Dennis E. Epidermal cell differentiation in cotton mediated by the homeodomain leucine zipper gene, GhHD-1. Plant J. 2012;71:464-78 pubmed publisher
  18. Qu J, Ye J, Geng Y, Sun Y, Gao S, Zhang B, et al. Dissecting functions of KATANIN and WRINKLED1 in cotton fiber development by virus-induced gene silencing. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:738-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide evidence that the TRV-VIGS system can be used for rapid functional analysis of genes involved in cotton fiber development.
  19. Chen H, Qian N, Guo W, Song Q, Li B, Deng F, et al. Using three overlapped RILs to dissect genetically clustered QTL for fiber strength on Chro.D8 in Upland cotton. Theor Appl Genet. 2009;119:605-12 pubmed publisher
    Fiber strength is an important trait among cotton fiber qualities due to ongoing changes in spinning technology...
  20. Feng H, Tian X, Liu Y, Li Y, Zhang X, Jones B, et al. Analysis of flavonoids and the flavonoid structural genes in brown fiber of upland cotton. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58820 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular mechanisms leading to colored fiber development are still largely unknown, although it is expected that the color is derived from flavanoids...
  21. Tan J, Tu L, Deng F, Hu H, Nie Y, Zhang X. A genetic and metabolic analysis revealed that cotton fiber cell development was retarded by flavonoid naringenin. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:86-95 pubmed publisher
    ..associated with fiber development and that the metabolism mediated by F3H is important in fiber development, thus highlighting that flavonoid metabolism represents a novel pathway with the potential for cotton fiber improvement.
  22. Rapp R, Haigler C, Flagel L, Hovav R, Udall J, Wendel J. Gene expression in developing fibres of Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was massively altered by domestication. BMC Biol. 2010;8:139 pubmed publisher
    ..See Commentary: ..
  23. Shi J, Mehta A, Hang J, Zhang H, Dai H, Su L, et al. Chronic lung function decline in cotton textile workers: roles of historical and recent exposures to endotoxin. Environ Health Perspect. 2010;118:1620-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Recent endotoxin exposure was significantly associated with byssinosis, chronic bronchitis, and chronic cough. ..
  24. Zhang D, Zhang T, Guo W. Effect of H2O2 on fiber initiation using fiber retardation initiation mutants in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). J Plant Physiol. 2010;167:393-9 pubmed publisher
    ..seed epidermal cells of normal developmental cotton cultivars; however, fiber initiation is retarded in some cotton fiber mutants...
  25. Lenters V, Basinas I, Beane Freeman L, Boffetta P, Checkoway H, Coggon D, et al. Endotoxin exposure and lung cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature on agriculture and cotton textile workers. Cancer Causes Control. 2010;21:523-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite several limitations, this meta-analysis based on high-quality studies adds weight to the hypothesis that occupational exposure to endotoxin in cotton textile production and agriculture is protective against lung cancer. ..
  26. Li D, Ruan X, Zhang J, Wu Y, Wang X, Li X. Cotton plasma membrane intrinsic protein 2s (PIP2s) selectively interact to regulate their water channel activities and are required for fibre development. New Phytol. 2013;199:695-707 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, GhPIP2 proteins are the primary aquaporin isoforms in fibres. They selectively form hetero-oligomers in order to regulate their activities to meet the requirements for rapid fibre elongation...
  27. Clark G, Torres J, Finlayson S, Guan X, Handley C, Lee J, et al. Apyrase (nucleoside triphosphate-diphosphohydrolase) and extracellular nucleotides regulate cotton fiber elongation in cultured ovules. Plant Physiol. 2010;152:1073-83 pubmed publisher
    ..These data indicate that ectoapyrases and extracellular nucleotides play a significant role in regulating cotton fiber growth and that ethylene is a likely downstream component of the signaling pathway.
  28. Li Y, Liu D, Tu L, Zhang X, Wang L, Zhu L, et al. Suppression of GhAGP4 gene expression repressed the initiation and elongation of cotton fiber. Plant Cell Rep. 2010;29:193-202 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the roles of genes encoding fasciclin-like arabinoglactan proteins (FLAs) in cotton fiber were examined by transforming RNA interfering (RNAi) construct...
  29. Avci U, Pattathil S, Singh B, Brown V, Hahn M, Haigler C. Cotton fiber cell walls of Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense have differences related to loosely-bound xyloglucan. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56315 pubmed publisher
    b>Cotton fiber is an important natural textile fiber due to its exceptional length and thickness. These properties arise largely through primary and secondary cell wall synthesis...
  30. Lai P, Christiani D. Long-term respiratory health effects in textile workers. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2013;19:152-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Textile dust-related obstructive lung disease has characteristics of both asthma and COPD. Significant progress has been made in the understanding of chronic lung disease due to organic dust exposure in textile workers. ..
  31. Paterson A, Wendel J, Gundlach H, Guo H, Jenkins J, Jin D, et al. Repeated polyploidization of Gossypium genomes and the evolution of spinnable cotton fibres. Nature. 2012;492:423-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Opportunities abound for dissecting emergent properties of other polyploids, particularly angiosperms, by comparison to diploid progenitors and outgroups...
  32. Lacape J, Claverie M, Vidal R, Carazzolle M, Guimar√£es Pereira G, Ruiz M, et al. Deep sequencing reveals differences in the transcriptional landscapes of fibers from two cultivated species of cotton. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e48855 pubmed publisher
    ..The new set of fiber ESTs and the gene-based markers complement existing available resources useful in basic and applied research for crop improvement in cotton...
  33. Singh B, Avci U, Eichler Inwood S, Grimson M, Landgraf J, Mohnen D, et al. A specialized outer layer of the primary cell wall joins elongating cotton fibers into tissue-like bundles. Plant Physiol. 2009;150:684-99 pubmed publisher
    Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) provides the world's dominant renewable textile fiber, and cotton fiber is valued as a research model because of its extensive elongation and secondary wall thickening...
  34. Mansoor S, Paterson A. Genomes for jeans: cotton genomics for engineering superior fiber. Trends Biotechnol. 2012;30:521-7 pubmed publisher
    ..predicted that better understanding of fiber development would lead to novel ways to engineer superior cotton fiber. Advances in genetic resources, DNA markers, DNA sequence information, and gene expression data have indeed ..
  35. Wang H, Guo Y, Lv F, Zhu H, Wu S, Jiang Y, et al. The essential role of GhPEL gene, encoding a pectate lyase, in cell wall loosening by depolymerization of the de-esterified pectin during fiber elongation in cotton. Plant Mol Biol. 2010;72:397-406 pubmed publisher
    b>Cotton fiber elongation, largely achieved by cell wall loosening, is an important stage during cotton fiber development...
  36. Wang P, Zhu Y, Song X, Cao Z, Ding Y, Liu B, et al. Inheritance of long staple fiber quality traits of Gossypium barbadense in G. hirsutum background using CSILs. Theor Appl Genet. 2012;124:1415-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The CSILs developed and the analyses presented here will enhance the understanding of the genetics of fiber qualities in long staple G. barbadense and facilitate further molecular breeding to improve fiber quality in Upland cotton. ..
  37. Walford S, Wu Y, Llewellyn D, Dennis E. GhMYB25-like: a key factor in early cotton fibre development. Plant J. 2011;65:785-97 pubmed publisher
  38. Zheng M, Wang Y, Liu K, Shu H, Zhou Z. Protein expression changes during cotton fiber elongation in response to low temperature stress. J Plant Physiol. 2012;169:399-409 pubmed publisher
    ..fiber qualities, especially fiber length. To investigate the molecular adaptation mechanisms of cotton fiber elongation to low temperature stress, two cotton cultivars, Kemian 1 (low temperature-tolerant) and Sumian 15 (..
  39. Bischof Vukusic S, Flincec Grgac S, Budimir A, Kalenic S. Cotton textiles modified with citric acid as efficient anti-bacterial agent for prevention of nosocomial infections. Croat Med J. 2011;52:68-75 pubmed
  40. Liu K, Sun J, Yao L, Yuan Y. Transcriptome analysis reveals critical genes and key pathways for early cotton fiber elongation in Ligon lintless-1 mutant. Genomics. 2012;100:42-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides new insight into the mechanisms of fiber development, and offers novel genes as potential objects for genetic manipulation to achieve improvement of fiber properties. ..
  41. Qin Y, Zhu Y. How cotton fibers elongate: a tale of linear cell-growth mode. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2011;14:106-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, a high Ca(2+) gradient is found in the cytoplasm of fast-elongating cotton fiber cells near the growing tip...
  42. Zhang B, Liu J. Mass spectrometric identification of in vivo phosphorylation sites of differentially expressed proteins in elongating cotton fiber cells. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58758 pubmed publisher
    ..of 40 DEPs were successfully identified among 235 known DEPs previously revealed in the 2-D gels of elongating cotton fiber cells...
  43. Kwak P, Wang Q, Chen X, Qiu C, Yang Z. Enrichment of a set of microRNAs during the cotton fiber development. BMC Genomics. 2009;10:457 pubmed publisher investigate global expression and complexity of small RNAs during cotton fiber initiation and development...
  44. Toews M, Shurley W. Crop juxtaposition affects cotton fiber quality in Georgia farmscapes. J Econ Entomol. 2009;102:1515-22 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that integrated pest management programs for the stink bug complex in cotton may include farmscape level planning and targeted interventions as opposed to a crop specific management approach. ..
  45. Hinchliffe D, Turley R, Naoumkina M, Kim H, Tang Y, Yeater K, et al. A combined functional and structural genomics approach identified an EST-SSR marker with complete linkage to the Ligon lintless-2 genetic locus in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). BMC Genomics. 2011;12:445 pubmed publisher
    b>Cotton fiber length is an important quality attribute to the textile industry and longer fibers can be more efficiently spun into yarns to produce superior fabrics...
  46. Babu N, Pandikumar P, Ignacimuthu S. Anti-inflammatory activity of Albizia lebbeck Benth., an ethnomedicinal plant, in acute and chronic animal models of inflammation. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;125:356-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to evaluate the scientific basis of anti-inflammatory activity of different organic solvent extracts of Albizia lebbeck...
  47. Zhao L, Yuanda L, Caiping C, Xiangchao T, Xiangdong C, Wei Z, et al. Toward allotetraploid cotton genome assembly: integration of a high-density molecular genetic linkage map with DNA sequence information. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:539 pubmed publisher
    ..Integration of high-density genetic maps with genomic sequence information will largely accelerate the process of whole-genome assembly in cotton...
  48. Shao M, Wang X, Ni M, Bibi N, Yuan S, Malik W, et al. Regulation of cotton fiber elongation by xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase genes. Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:3771-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Higher XTH activity can cleave down the xyloglucan-cellulose chains thus loosening fiber cell wall and promoting fiber cell elongation in wild type as compared to its mutant. ..
  49. Deng F, Tu L, Tan J, Li Y, Nie Y, Zhang X. GbPDF1 is involved in cotton fiber initiation via the core cis-element HDZIP2ATATHB2. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:890-904 pubmed publisher
    ..shorter fibers and lower lint percentage compared with the wild type, indicating that the gene is required for cotton fiber development...
  50. Hao J, Tu L, Hu H, Tan J, Deng F, Tang W, et al. GbTCP, a cotton TCP transcription factor, confers fibre elongation and root hair development by a complex regulating system. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:6267-81 pubmed publisher
  51. Pang C, Wang H, Pang Y, Xu C, Jiao Y, Qin Y, et al. Comparative proteomics indicates that biosynthesis of pectic precursors is important for cotton fiber and Arabidopsis root hair elongation. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2010;9:2019-33 pubmed publisher
    The quality of cotton fiber is determined by its final length and strength, which is a function of primary and secondary cell wall deposition...
  52. Li X, Yuan D, Wang H, Chen X, Wang B, Lin Z, et al. Increasing cotton genome coverage with polymorphic SSRs as revealed by SSCP. Genome. 2012;55:459-70 pubmed publisher
    ..integrated 160 loci into our interspecific BC(1) linkage map, 5 of which associated with QTLs related to cotton fiber quality...
  53. Hinchliffe D, Meredith W, Yeater K, Kim H, Woodward A, Chen Z, et al. Near-isogenic cotton germplasm lines that differ in fiber-bundle strength have temporal differences in fiber gene expression patterns as revealed by comparative high-throughput profiling. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;120:1347-66 pubmed publisher
    ..developmental expression patterns revealed by the microarray experiment agreed with previously reported cotton fiber gene expression patterns for specific genes...