hydraulic fracking


Summary: A drilling technology in which NATURAL GAS is extracted from large deposits of impermeable rock formations known as shale, deep within the earth’s crust. This drilling technique involves injecting large volumes of high-pressure fracturing fluid (a mixture of water, sand, and chemicals) several thousand feet underground, thereby creating cracks or fissures in the shale formation, and releasing trapped gas.

Top Publications

  1. Konkel L. What's NORMal for Fracking? Estimating Total Radioactivity of Produced Fluids. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123:A186 pubmed publisher
  2. Johnson W, Douglas M, Lewis J, Stuecker T, Carbonero F, Austin B, et al. Do biofilm communities respond to the chemical signatures of fracking? A test involving streams in North-central Arkansas. BMC Microbiol. 2017;17:29 pubmed publisher
    ..Study streams must be carefully categorized with regard to the magnitude and extent of anthropogenic impacts. They must also be segregated with statistical confidence (as herein) before fracking impacts are monitored. ..
  3. Stringfellow W, Camarillo M, Domen J, Shonkoff S. Comparison of chemical-use between hydraulic fracturing, acidizing, and routine oil and gas development. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0175344 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study indicate regulations and risk assessments focused exclusively on chemicals used in well-stimulation activities may underestimate potential hazard or risk from overall oil field chemical-use. ..
  4. Duthu R, Bradley T. A road damage and life-cycle greenhouse gas comparison of trucking and pipeline water delivery systems for hydraulically fractured oil and gas field development in Colorado. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0180587 pubmed publisher
  5. Luek J, Gonsior M. Organic compounds in hydraulic fracturing fluids and wastewaters: A review. Water Res. 2017;123:536-548 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on recently published information on organic compounds identified in flowback fluids and produced waters from HVHF. ..