Genomes and Genes
Summary: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
- Karama M, Johnson R, Holtslander R, McEwen S, Gyles C. Prevalence and characterization of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) in cattle from an Ontario abattoir. Can J Vet Res. 2008;72:297-302 pubmed
- Fraile L, Alegre A, López Jiménez R, Nofrarias M, Segales J. Risk factors associated with pleuritis and cranio-ventral pulmonary consolidation in slaughter-aged pigs. Vet J. 2010;184:326-33 pubmed publisher..59) that cranio-ventral pulmonary consolidation lesions (EP-like lesions) were affected by the type of farm ventilation, the presence of respiratory symptoms during the fattening period and Mhyo and SIV H1N2 herd seroprevalence...
- Tenhagen B, Fetsch A, Stührenberg B, Schleuter G, Guerra B, Hammerl J, et al. Prevalence of MRSA types in slaughter pigs in different German abattoirs. Vet Rec. 2009;165:589-93 pubmed..the prevalence of types of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in slaughter pigs in German abattoirs, nasal swabs were collected from a total of 1026 pigs in five abattoirs after stunning in the course of two ..
- Van Driessche E, Houf K. Survival capacity in water of Arcobacter species under different temperature conditions. J Appl Microbiol. 2008;105:443-51 pubmed publisher..To assess the survival capacity in vitro of arcobacters in water at temperatures applied in the food industry...
- Benschop J, Heuer C, Jaros P, Collins Emerson J, Midwinter A, Wilson P. Sero-prevalence of leptospirosis in workers at a New Zealand slaughterhouse. N Z Med J. 2009;122:39-47 pubmed..To evaluate worker age, sex and previous clinical episodes of leptospirosis as risk factors for sero-positivity...
- Lindblad M. Microbiological sampling of swine carcasses: a comparison of data obtained by swabbing with medical gauze and data collected routinely by excision at Swedish abattoirs. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007;118:180-5 pubmedSwab sample data from a 13-month microbiological baseline study of swine carcasses at Swedish abattoirs were combined with excision sample data collected routinely at five abattoirs...
- del Rio Vilas V, Hopp P, Nunes T, Ru G, Sivam K, Ortiz Pelaez A. Explaining the heterogeneous scrapie surveillance figures across Europe: a meta-regression approach. BMC Vet Res. 2007;3:13 pubmed..The meta-analysis approach was useful to assess the level of heterogeneity in the implementation of the surveys and to explore the reasons for the variation between countries. ..
- Palatsi J, Vinas M, Guivernau M, Fernandez B, Flotats X. Anaerobic digestion of slaughterhouse waste: main process limitations and microbial community interactions. Bioresour Technol. 2011;102:2219-27 pubmed publisher..Consequently, the lipid concentration of substrate and the structure of the microbial community are the main limiting factors for a successful anaerobic treatment of fresh slaughterhouse waste. ..
- Prendergast D, Lendrum L, Pearce R, Ball C, McLernon J, O Grady D, et al. Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157 in beef and sheep abattoirs in Ireland and characterisation of isolates by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and Multi-Locus Variable Number of Tandem Repeat Analysis. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011;144:519-27 pubmed publisher
- Rajakumar R, Meenambal T, Saravanan P, Ananthanarayanan P. Treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater in hybrid upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor packed with pleated poly vinyl chloride rings. Bioresour Technol. 2012;103:116-22 pubmed publisher..Step wise polynomial regression analysis was fitted well. Methanobacterium and Methanosaeta bacteria were dominant at the end of start-up whereas Methanosarcina, Cocci and rods were predominant at the end of performance studies. ..
- Fongsatitkul P, Wareham D, Elefsiniotis P, Charoensuk P. Treatment of a slaughterhouse wastewater: effect of internal recycle rate on chemical oxygen demand, total Kjeldahl nitrogen and total phosphorus removal. Environ Technol. 2011;33:1755-9 pubmed..The TP removal reached its optimum (around 85%-89% (again depending on the DO)) at the 2Q rate. ..
- Mekroud A, Titi A, Benakhla A, Rondelaud D. The proportion of liver excised in Algerian abattoirs is not a good indicator of Fasciola hepatica infections in local cattle breeds. J Helminthol. 2006;80:319-21 pubmed..0% of 31 cattle). These results indicate that partial removal of the liver in the case of fasciolosis is unreliable, so this method does not represent a good tool to establish epidemiological data on this disease. ..
- Diguimbaye Djaïbe C, Hilty M, Ngandolo R, Mahamat H, Pfyffer G, Baggi F, et al. Mycobacterium bovis isolates from tuberculous lesions in Chadian zebu carcasses. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:769-71 pubmed..Spoligotyping shows a homogenetic population structure for M. bovis and lack of spacer 30, as were found in neighboring Cameroon and Nigeria. This finding suggests transborder and ongoing transmission between cattle. ..
- Hiko A, Agga G. First-time detection of mycobacterium species from goats in Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2011;43:133-9 pubmed publisher..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of caprine tuberculosis from Ethiopia. Further studies are required at the farm level to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis in the general goat population. ..
- Muwonge A, Kankya C, Godfroid J, Djonne B, Opuda Asibo J, Biffa D, et al. Prevalence and associated risk factors of mycobacterial infections in slaughter pigs from Mubende district in Uganda. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2010;42:905-13 pubmed publisher..This then warrants further molecular investigation to identify the specific Mycobacterium species and their public health importance in this area. ..
- Visscher C, Klein G, Verspohl J, Beyerbach M, Stratmann Selke J, Kamphues J. Serodiversity and serological as well as cultural distribution of Salmonella on farms and in abattoirs in Lower Saxony, Germany. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011;146:44-51 pubmed publisher..This is because once introduced into a slaughterhouse via swine the serovars seem to maintain the resident slaughterhouse flora and add to it...
- Akanbi B, Mbah I, Kerry P. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and faeces of ruminants at slaughter in two major abattoirs in Nigeria. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2011;53:336-40 pubmed publisher..To determine the occurrence of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in hides and faeces of slaughtered ruminants in Nigeria...
- Iwata N, Sato Y, Higuchi Y, Nohtomi K, Nagata N, Hasegawa H, et al. Distribution of PrP(Sc) in cattle with bovine spongiform encephalopathy slaughtered at abattoirs in Japan. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2006;59:100-7 pubmed..dairy cattle infected naturally with the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and slaughtered at abattoirs in Japan were examined for the distribution of disease-specific and protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) ..
- Phiri A, Phiri I, Sikasunge C, Chembensofu M, Monrad J. Comparative fluke burden and pathology in condemned and non-condemned cattle livers from selected abattoirs in Zambia. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2006;73:275-81 pubmed..dissecting 70 condemned and 32 non-condemned cattle livers collected from Lusaka, Chisamba, Mongu and Senanga abattoirs and Turnpike slaughter slab, significantly higher numbers of liver flukes (Fasciola gigantica) (P < 0...
- Asselin M, Drogui P, Benmoussa H, Blais J. Effectiveness of electrocoagulation process in removing organic compounds from slaughterhouse wastewater using monopolar and bipolar electrolytic cells. Chemosphere. 2008;72:1727-33 pubmed publisher..Electrochemical coagulation operated under the optimal conditions involves a total cost of 0.71 USD $ per cubic meter of treated PS effluent. This cost includes energy and electrode consumptions, chemicals, and sludge disposal. ..
- Ostanello F, Dottori M, Gusmara C, Leotti G, Sala V. Pneumonia disease assessment using a slaughterhouse lung-scoring method. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2007;54:70-5 pubmed..Moreover, we also found a statistically significant association between the increase in the mean lung score of the batch and the decrease of the carcass quality. ..
- Arthur T, Bosilevac J, Brichta Harhay D, Guerini M, Kalchayanand N, Shackelford S, et al. Transportation and lairage environment effects on prevalence, numbers, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and carcasses of beef cattle at processing. J Food Prot. 2007;70:280-6 pubmed..More study is needed to confirm the mechanism by which additional E. coli O157:H7 strains contaminate cattle hides during transport and lairage and to design interventions to prevent this contamination. ..
- Goodwin Ray K, Stevenson M, Heuer C, Pinchbeck G. Hierarchical and spatial analyses of pneumonia-lesion prevalence at slaughter in New Zealand lambs. Prev Vet Med. 2008;83:144-55 pubmed..We therefore concluded that the risk of moderate-to-severe pneumonia-lesion prevalence detectable at slaughter of lambs was determined at the flock and batch level, rather than at the spatial level. ..
- Hundesa A, Maluquer de Motes C, Bofill Mas S, Albinana Gimenez N, Girones R. Identification of human and animal adenoviruses and polyomaviruses for determination of sources of fecal contamination in the environment. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:7886-93 pubmed..Human and porcine adenoviruses and human and bovine polyomaviruses are proposed as tools for evaluating the presence of viral contamination and for tracking the origin of fecal/urine contamination in environmental samples. ..
- Muwonge A, Munang andu H, Kankya C, Biffa D, Oura C, Skjerve E, et al. African swine fever among slaughter pigs in Mubende district, Uganda. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2012;44:1593-8 pubmed publisher..2%) that were seropositive at slaughter, however a significantly higher number of pigs were slaughtered during the outbreak as a strategy for farmers to avoid losses associated with mortality...
- Mersha G, Asrat D, Zewde B, Kyule M. Occurrence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in faeces, skin and carcasses from sheep and goats in Ethiopia. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2010;50:71-6 pubmed publisher..Escherichia coli O157:H7 was detected from carcasses before and after washing during slaughtering operations, and one O157 isolate was positive for verotoxins. ..
- Spagnol F, Paranhos E, Oliveira L, de Medeiros S, Lopes C, Albuquerque G. [Prevalence of antibodies anti-Toxoplasma gondii in slaughtered cattle at stockyards in the State of Bahia, Brazil]. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2009;18:42-5 pubmed
- Li J, Healy M, Zhan X, Rodgers M. Nutrient removal from slaughterhouse wastewater in an intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactor. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:7644-50 pubmed publisher..The nitrogen balance analysis indicates that denitrification and biomass synthesis contributed to 66% and 34% of TN removed, respectively. ..
- Kayali G, Ortiz E, Chorazy M, Gray G. Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workers. Zoonoses Public Health. 2010;57:265-72 pubmed publisher..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms. ..
- Carney E, O Brien S, Sheridan J, McDowell D, Blair I, Duffy G. Prevalence and level of Escherichia coli O157 on beef trimmings, carcasses and boned head meat at a beef slaughter plant. Food Microbiol. 2006;23:52-9 pubmed..70-3.0 log10 cfu g(-1). Overall, the qualitative and quantitative data obtained for E. coli O157 on beef trimming samples in this study could be employed as part of a quantitative risk assessment model. ..
- Barros L, Amaral L, Lorenzon C, Junior J, Neto J. Potential microbiological contamination of effluents in poultry and swine abattoirs. Epidemiol Infect. 2007;135:505-18 pubmedHealth risks in the effluents of seven swine abattoirs and of seven poultry abattoirs were evaluated with regard to environment degradation and to dissemination of pathogenic microorganisms during the rainy and dry seasons...
- Morignat E, Cazeau G, Biacabe A, Vinard J, Bencsik A, Madec J, et al. Estimates of the prevalence of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in sheep and goats in France in 2002. Vet Rec. 2006;158:683-7 pubmed..for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSES) in sheep and goats was implemented in France in 2002 at abattoirs and rendering plants...
- Del Rio Vilas V, Böhning D, Kuhnert R. A comparison of the active surveillance of scrapie in the European Union. Vet Res. 2008;39:37 pubmed publisher..The initial justification for the fallen stock, targeting a high-risk population to increase the likelihood of case finding, appears compromised for both types of scrapie in some countries. ..
- Oloya J, Kazwala R, Lund A, Opuda Asibo J, Demelash B, Skjerve E, et al. Characterisation of mycobacteria isolated from slaughter cattle in pastoral regions of Uganda. BMC Microbiol. 2007;7:95 pubmed
- Demelash B, Inangolet F, Oloya J, Asseged B, Badaso M, Yilkal A, et al. Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in Ethiopian slaughter cattle based on post-mortem examination. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2009;41:755-65 pubmed publisher..distribution of gross lesions compatible with bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in Ethiiopian slaughter cattle in five abattoirs (four municipal and one export) located in various cattle husbandry systems in Ethiopia was carried out from ..
- Van Driessche E, Houf K. Discrepancy between the occurrence of Arcobacter in chickens and broiler carcass contamination. Poult Sci. 2007;86:744-51 pubmed
- di Bartolo I, Ponterio E, Castellini L, Ostanello F, Ruggeri F. Viral and antibody HEV prevalence in swine at slaughterhouse in Italy. Vet Microbiol. 2011;149:330-8 pubmed publisher..Phylogenetic analysis on the nucleotide sequences from 14 positive PCR products indicated that all strains belonged to genotype 3, clustering in two branches subtypes g3c and g3f. ..
- Elgroud R, Zerdoumi F, Benazzouz M, Bouzitouna Bentchouala C, Granier S, Fremy S, et al. Characteristics of Salmonella contamination of broilers and slaughterhouses in the region of Constantine (Algeria). Zoonoses Public Health. 2009;56:84-93 pubmed publisher..Together with the huge spread of Salmonella in the broiler production chain in Constantine, Algeria, these risk factors highlight the hazards of the broiler channels, particularly linked to poor technical and hygiene practices. ..
- Asiimwe B, Asiimwe J, Kallenius G, Ashaba F, Ghebremichael S, Joloba M, et al. Molecular characterisation of Mycobacterium bovis isolates from cattle carcases at a city slaughterhouse in Uganda. Vet Rec. 2009;164:655-8 pubmed..Six of the 11 infected carcases had multiple sites of infection, but none was condemned as unfit for human consumption. ..
- Kjeldgaard J, Jørgensen K, Ingmer H. Growth and survival at chiller temperatures of Arcobacter butzleri. Int J Food Microbiol. 2009;131:256-9 pubmed publisher..Given the ability to survive, multiply and form biofilm under chilled conditions A. butzleri appears well suited for establishment in food processing and slaughterhouse environments. ..
- Thomas Bachli A, Pearl D, Friendship R, Berke O. Suitability and limitations of portion-specific abattoir data as part of an early warning system for emerging diseases of swine in Ontario. BMC Vet Res. 2012;8:3 pubmed publisher..We analyzed data collected at all provincially-inspected abattoirs in Ontario, Canada during 2001-2007...
- Sanchez Vazquez M, Strachan W, Armstrong D, Nielen M, Gunn G. The British pig health schemes: integrated systems for large-scale pig abattoir lesion monitoring. Vet Rec. 2011;169:413 pubmed publisher..Additionally, they offer the added value of providing nationwide disease monitoring information and have the potential to be a useful surveillance tool for emerging and enzootic conditions. ..
- Duffy L, Barlow R, Fegan N, Vanderlinde P. Prevalence and serotypes of Salmonella associated with goats at two Australian abattoirs. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009;48:193-7 pubmed publisher..Goat carcases contaminated with Salmonella during slaughter could be a source of food-borne disease if consumed raw or inadequately cooked, or may be a source of cross-contamination to other foods. ..
- Cleaveland S, Shaw D, Mfinanga S, Shirima G, Kazwala R, Eblate E, et al. Mycobacterium bovis in rural Tanzania: risk factors for infection in human and cattle populations. Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2007;87:30-43 pubmed..024); herds housed inside at night (p=0.021) and herds in contact with wildlife (p=0.041). Furthermore, villages that experienced annual flooding had a higher prevalence of infection (p=0.043)...
- Bello M, Lawan M, Kwaga J, Raji M. Assessment of carcass contamination with E. coli O157 before and after washing with water at abattoirs in Nigeria. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011;150:184-6 pubmed publisher..carcasses were collected and thirty beef carcasses were swabbed within a period of one month in each of three abattoirs located in North-Western states of Nigeria. E. coli were enumerated as indicator organisms...
- Frankena K, White P, O Keeffe J, Costello E, Martin S, van Grevenhof I, et al. Quantification of the relative efficiency of factory surveillance in the disclosure of tuberculosis lesions in attested Irish cattle. Vet Rec. 2007;161:679-84 pubmed
- McIntyre K, del Rio Vilas V, Gubbins S. No temporal trends in the prevalence of atypical scrapie in British sheep, 2002-2006. BMC Vet Res. 2008;4:13 pubmed publisher..Our results indicate there was no significant temporal trend in prevalence, adding to evidence that this atypical form of scrapie may be a sporadic condition or, if it is infectious, that the force of infection is very low. ..
- Mohamed A, Abou El Ella G, Nasr E. Phenotypic and molecular typing of tuberculous and nontuberculous Mycobacterium species from slaughtered pigs in Egypt. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2009;21:48-52 pubmed..In addition, the study showed the usefulness of IGS sequence analysis as a reliable molecular tool that would be useful for further epidemiologic and public health studies. ..
- Shaapan R, El Nawawi F, Tawfik M. Sensitivity and specificity of various serological tests for the detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection in naturally infected sheep. Vet Parasitol. 2008;153:359-62 pubmed publisher..1%) and IFAT, which demonstrated the lowest sensitivity (80.4%). Conversely, IFAT had the highest specificity (91.4%), followed by MAT (88.9%) and ELISA (85.9%). ..
- Cuetos M, Gomez X, Otero M, Moran A. Anaerobic digestion and co-digestion of slaughterhouse waste (SHW): influence of heat and pressure pre-treatment in biogas yield. Waste Manag. 2010;30:1780-9 pubmed publisher..These tools verified the existence of complex nitrogen-containing polymers in the final effluents, confirming the formation of refractory compounds during pre-treatment. ..
- Adjemian J, Howell J, Holzbauer S, Harris J, Recuenco S, McQuiston J, et al. A clustering of immune-mediated polyradiculoneuropathy among swine abattoir workers exposed to aerosolized porcine brains, Indiana, United States. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2009;15:331-8 pubmed..IP cases at this plant were similar in clinical presentation and exposure risks to those detected in Minnesota. Swine abattoirs using similar brain extraction methods should discontinue this process.
- Kozak G, Pearl D, Parkman J, Reid Smith R, Deckert A, Boerlin P. Distribution of sulfonamide resistance genes in Escherichia coli and Salmonella isolates from swine and chickens at abattoirs in Ontario and Québec, Canada. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:5999-6001 pubmed publisher..Each sul gene was distributed differently across populations, with a significant difference between distribution in commensal E. coli and Salmonella isolates and sul3 restricted mainly to porcine E. coli isolates. ..
- Ho H, Lipman L, Gaastra W. The introduction of Arcobacter spp. in poultry slaughterhouses. Int J Food Microbiol. 2008;125:223-9 pubmed publisher..The present study demonstrated that Arcobacter spp. can be detected in chicken intestines at slaughter and could be brought in this way into slaughterhouses where the bacteria contaminate carcasses during processing. ..