motivational interviewing


Summary: It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.

Top Publications

  1. Karpen S, Hagemeier N. Assessing Faculty and Student Interpretations of AACP Survey Items with Cognitive Interviewing. Am J Pharm Educ. 2017;81:88 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Conclusion. Several interpretational inconsistencies and ambiguities were discovered that could compromise the usefulness of certain survey items. ..
  2. Hingson R, Compton W. Screening and brief intervention and referral to treatment for drug use in primary care: back to the drawing board. JAMA. 2014;312:488-9 pubmed publisher
  3. Xu X, Yonkers K, Ruger J. Economic evaluation of a behavioral intervention versus brief advice for substance use treatment in pregnant women: results from a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017;17:83 pubmed publisher NCT00227903 . Registered 27 September 2005. ..
  4. Mcqueen J, Ballinger C, Howe T. Factors associated with alcohol reduction in harmful and hazardous drinkers following alcohol brief intervention in Scotland: a qualitative enquiry. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17:181 pubmed publisher
    ..Trial registration number TRN NCT00982306 September 22nd 2009. ..
  5. Sayegh C, Huey S, Barnett E, Spruijt Metz D. Motivational Interviewing to prevent dropout from an education and employment program for young adults: A randomized controlled trial. J Adolesc. 2017;58:1-11 pubmed publisher
    This study tested the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing for improving retention at a "second chance" program in the United States for unemployed young adults who had not graduated high school (ages 18-24; 60% male)...
  6. Baillie A, Sannibale C, Stapinski L, Teesson M, Rapee R, Haber P. An investigator-blinded, randomized study to compare the efficacy of combined CBT for alcohol use disorders and social anxiety disorder versus CBT focused on alcohol alone in adults with comorbid disorders: the Combined Alcohol Social Phobia (CASP) t. BMC Psychiatry. 2013;13:199 pubmed publisher
    ..integrated treatment for comorbid Social Anxiety Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder based on established Motivational Interviewing (MI) and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) interventions for the separate disorders...
  7. Letourneau K, Goodman J. A patient - centered approach to addressing physical activity in older adults: motivational interviewing. J Gerontol Nurs. 2014;40:26-33; quiz 34-5 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Motivational interviewing (MI) is a conversational style that has been shown to help overcome ambivalence by guiding patients to ..
  8. Lee E. The Effect of Positive Group Psychotherapy and Motivational Interviewing on Smoking Cessation: A Qualitative Descriptive Study. J Addict Nurs. 2017;28:88-95 pubmed publisher
    ..of this study was to describe the process and evaluate the effect of positive group psychotherapy and motivational interviewing as an intervention for smoking cessation...
  9. Hughes B, Gans K, Raker C, Hipolito E, Rouse D. A Brief Prenatal Intervention of Behavioral Change to Reduce the Risk of Maternal Cytomegalovirus: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;130:726-734 pubmed publisher
    ..The 7- to 10-minute in-office intervention included a video and hygiene education using motivational interviewing. Participants were then given a reminder calendar to take home and weekly text message reminders...

More Information


  1. Mahajan R, Solanki J, Kurdekar R, Gupta S, Modh A, Yadav O. Educating the handicraft factory workers about tobacco cessation and to assess its effectiveness by motivational interviewing: An Intervention study. J Exp Ther Oncol. 2017;12:43-49 pubmed
    ..The study was done to assess the effectiveness of smoking cessation intervention among workers by motivational interviewing among handicraft factories, Jodhpur, Rajasthan...
  2. Modesto Lowe V, Alvarado C. E-cigs . . . Are They Cool? Talking to Teens About E-Cigarettes. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017;56:947-952 pubmed publisher
    ..of e-cigarettes and potential health hazards, followed by selected literature on teens' perceptions of e-cigarettes, as well as motivational interviewing strategies that can be used in talking to teens about using electronic cigarettes.
  3. Looijmans A, Jörg F, Bruggeman R, Schoevers R, Corpeleijn E. Design of the Lifestyle Interventions for severe mentally ill Outpatients in the Netherlands (LION) trial; a cluster randomised controlled study of a multidimensional web tool intervention to improve cardiometabolic health in patients with severe men. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17:107 pubmed publisher
    ..Per team, nurses are trained in motivational interviewing and use of the multidimensional web tool, covering lifestyle behaviour awareness, lifestyle knowledge, ..
  4. Christie D, Hudson L, Kinra S, Wong I, Nazareth I, Cole T, et al. A community-based motivational personalised lifestyle intervention to reduce BMI in obese adolescents: results from the Healthy Eating and Lifestyle Programme (HELP) randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child. 2017;102:695-701 pubmed publisher
    ..The study has significant implications in terms of informing public health interventions to tackle childhood obesity. ISRCTN: ISRCTN99840111. ..
  5. Stoffers P, Hatler C. Increasing Nurse Confidence in Patient Teaching Using Motivational Interviewing. J Nurses Prof Dev. 2017;33:189-195 pubmed publisher
    This article describes a pilot study that involves nurses learning motivational interviewing techniques as a way to enhance confidence in educating patients about diabetes...
  6. Stevens J, Lutz R, Osuagwu N, Rotz D, Goesling B. A randomized trial of motivational interviewing and facilitated contraceptive access to prevent rapid repeat pregnancy among adolescent mothers. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017;217:423.e1-423.e9 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, a large randomized controlled trial was conducted regarding a motivational interviewing program entitled Teen Options to Prevent Pregnancy in a low-income sample of adolescent mothers...
  7. Cascaes A, Bielemann R, Clark V, Barros A. Effectiveness of motivational interviewing at improving oral health: a systematic review. Rev Saude Publica. 2014;48:142-53 pubmed
    To analyze the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) at improving oral health behaviors (oral hygiene habits, sugar consumption, dental services utilization or use of fluoride) and dental clinical outcomes (dental plaque, ..
  8. Milgrom P, Riedy C, Weinstein P, Mancl L, Garson G, Huebner C, et al. Design of a community-based intergenerational oral health study: "Baby Smiles". BMC Oral Health. 2013;13:38 pubmed publisher
    ..participants were randomly assigned to one of four treatment arms in which they received either brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) or health education (HE) delivered during pregnancy and after the baby was born...
  9. Arnett M, Korte D, Richards P, Saglik B, Taichman L, Kinney J, et al. Effect of Faculty Development Activities on Dental Hygiene Faculty Perceptions of and Teaching About Motivational Interviewing: A Pilot Study. J Dent Educ. 2017;81:969-977 pubmed publisher
    ..aims of this pilot study were to assess dental hygiene faculty members' perceptions of the importance of motivational interviewing (MI) and their confidence in teaching students about MI and to determine the effect of MI training ..
  10. . ACOG Committee Opinion No. 650: Physical Activity and Exercise During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period. Obstet Gynecol. 2015;126:e135-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Similar work is needed to create an improved evidence base concerning the effects of occupational physical activity on maternal-fetal health. ..
  11. Osenbach J, Lewis C, Rosenfeld B, Russo J, Ingraham L, Peterson R, et al. Exploring the longitudinal trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder in injured trauma survivors. Psychiatry. 2014;77:386-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Stepped care intervention procedures may optimally address the diverse PTSD trajectory patterns observed in injured trauma survivors through the tailoring of intervention timing and dosing. ..
  12. Gwadz M, Collins L, Cleland C, Leonard N, Wilton L, Gandhi M, et al. Using the multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to optimize an HIV care continuum intervention for vulnerable populations: a study protocol. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:383 pubmed publisher
    ..Guided by a multi-level social cognitive theory, and using the motivational interviewing approach, the study will evaluate five distinct culturally based intervention components (i.e...
  13. Cao J, Zhang S. Multiple comparison procedures. JAMA. 2014;312:543-4 pubmed publisher
  14. Eisenberg K, Woodruff S. Randomized controlled trial to evaluate screening and brief intervention for drug-using multiethnic emergency and trauma department patients. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013;8:8 pubmed publisher
    ..concepts, comorbid mental health issues, special treatment of marijuana use, and nonscripted enhanced motivational interviewing as well as their ongoing monitoring and evaluation-are among the features described...
  15. Beckman M, Forsberg L, Lindqvist H, Diez M, Enö Persson J, Ghaderi A. The dissemination of motivational interviewing in Swedish county councils: Results of a randomized controlled trial. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181715 pubmed publisher
    A significant number of Swedish practitioners are offered workshop trainings in motivational interviewing through community-based implementation programs...
  16. Pócs D, Hamvai C, Kelemen O. [Health behavior change: motivational interviewing]. Orv Hetil. 2017;158:1331-1337 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the reason why motivational interview has become a widely-accepted evidence based approach. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(34): 1331-1337. ..
  17. Widder Prewett R, Draime J, Cameron G, Anderson D, Pinkerton M, Chen A. Impact of Student vs Faculty Facilitators on Motivational Interviewing Student Outcomes. Am J Pharm Educ. 2017;81:107 pubmed publisher
    ..of student or faculty facilitation on student self-assessed attitudes, confidence, and competence in motivational interviewing (MI) skills; actual competence; and evaluation of facilitator performance. Methods...
  18. Ball G, Spence N, Browne N, O CONNOR K, Srikameswaran S, Zelichowska J, et al. The readiness and motivation interview for families (RMI-Family) managing pediatric obesity: study protocol. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17:261 pubmed publisher
    ..Readiness and Motivational Interview for Families (RMI-Family), a structured interview that utilizes a motivational interviewing approach to (i) assess motivational factors in youth and their parents, and (ii) examine the degree to ..
  19. Livitz I, Fox K, Himawan L, France C. A brief motivational interview promotes internal motivation to donate blood among young adults with and without a prior donation history. Transfusion. 2017;57:1527-1535 pubmed publisher
    ..A brief motivational interview may enhance donation intention and intrinsic motivation among both experienced donors and nondonors alike. ..
  20. Östlund A, Wadensten B, Kristofferzon M, Häggström E. Motivational interviewing: experiences of primary care nurses trained in the method. Nurse Educ Pract. 2015;15:111-8 pubmed
    b>Motivational interviewing is a person-centered counseling style used to promote behavioral change regarding a wide variety of lifestyle problems...
  21. Farrell T, Keeping Burke L. The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: nurse practitioners using behaviour modification strategies. Can J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014;24:8-15 pubmed
    ..Behaviour modification strategies, including motivational interviewing (MI) and the transtheoretical model (TTM), have been suggested, but neither approach is established as ..