allied health personnel


Summary: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.

Top Publications

  1. Keane S, Lincoln M, Smith T. Retention of allied health professionals in rural New South Wales: a thematic analysis of focus group discussions. BMC Health Serv Res. 2012;12:175 pubmed publisher
    ..Access to CPD and inequitable resource distribution were strong 'push' factors in this group. Health policy based on the assumption of transferability between professions may be misguided. ..
  2. Iliopoulos E, Priporas C. The effect of internal marketing on job satisfaction in health services: a pilot study in public hospitals in Northern Greece. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11:261 pubmed publisher
    ..Staff with time-defined work contracts with the hospital are more satisfied than permanent staff, and as the staff age, there is a slight decline in job satisfaction. ..
  3. Lizarondo L, Grimmer Somers K, Kumar S. Exploring the perspectives of allied health practitioners toward the use of journal clubs as a medium for promoting evidence-based practice: a qualitative study. BMC Med Educ. 2011;11:66 pubmed publisher
    ..Future research should explore the impact of iCAHE JC compared with no JC exposure, and other forms of exposure to JCs, in influencing change in allied health practitioners behaviours and evidence implementation. ..
  4. Courtenay M, Carey N, Stenner K. Non medical prescribing leads views on their role and the implementation of non medical prescribing from a multi-organisational perspective. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11:142 pubmed publisher
    ..The extent to which NMP is in place worldwide differs. However, our findings will be of interest to policymakers in other countries involved in the development and implementation of this role. ..
  5. Chisholm M, Russell D, Humphreys J. Measuring rural allied health workforce turnover and retention: what are the patterns, determinants and costs?. Aust J Rural Health. 2011;19:81-8 pubmed publisher
  6. Wang H, Seitz S, Hostler D, Yealy D. Defining the learning curve for paramedic student endotracheal intubation. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2005;9:156-62 pubmed
    ..Strategies for PS airway education must consider the volume of live ETIs as well as the clinical settings used for ETI training. ..
  7. Turnbull C, Grimmer Somers K, Kumar S, May E, Law D, Ashworth E. Allied, scientific and complementary health professionals: a new model for Australian allied health. Aust Health Rev. 2009;33:27-37 pubmed
    ..Use of this model will allow individual organisations to describe their ASC health workforce, and plan for recruitment, staff training and remuneration. ..
  8. Sehlen S, Vordermark D, Schäfer C, Herschbach P, Bayerl A, Pigorsch S, et al. Job stress and job satisfaction of physicians, radiographers, nurses and physicists working in radiotherapy: a multicenter analysis by the DEGRO Quality of Life Work Group. Radiat Oncol. 2009;4:6 pubmed publisher
    ..Identification and removal of the above-mentioned critical points requires various changes which should lead to the reduction of stress. ..
  9. Gärtner F, Nieuwenhuijsen K, van Dijk F, Sluiter J. The impact of common mental disorders on the work functioning of nurses and allied health professionals: a systematic review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010;47:1047-61 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide input for preventive actions to improve both health and work functioning in health care workers. ..

More Information


  1. Brice J, Evenson K, Lellis J, Rosamond W, Aytur S, Christian J, et al. Emergency medical services education, community outreach, and protocols for stroke and chest pain in North Carolina. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2008;12:366-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Many stroke protocols were lacking basic components and would benefit from standardization across the state. Community outreach programs for both stroke and chest pain are minimal. ..
  2. Keane S, Smith T, Lincoln M, Fisher K. Survey of the rural allied health workforce in New South Wales to inform recruitment and retention. Aust J Rural Health. 2011;19:38-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Recruitment should target rural high school students and promote positive aspects of rural practice, such as diversity and autonomy. Retention strategies should include flexible employment options and career development opportunities. ..
  3. Fragar L, Depczynski J. Beyond 50. Challenges at work for older nurses and allied health workers in rural Australia: a thematic analysis of focus group discussions. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11:42 pubmed publisher
    ..Solutions need to address difficulties at personal, workplace and system wide levels. ..
  4. Gillham S, Ristevski E. Where do I go from here: we've got enough seniors?. Aust J Rural Health. 2007;15:313-20 pubmed
    ..Staff also need to be included as part of a social network in the community. ..
  5. Stagnitti K, Schoo A, Dunbar J, Reid C. An exploration of issues of management and intention to stay: allied health professionals in South West Victoria, Australia. J Allied Health. 2006;35:226-32 pubmed
    ..Recommendations are given for organizational development and training for managers. ..
  6. Upton D, Upton P. Knowledge and use of evidence-based practice by allied health and health science professionals in the United Kingdom. J Allied Health. 2006;35:127-33 pubmed
    ..A number of differences between professions were recorded that highlight the difference in educational and policy approach required for greater uptake of EBP. ..
  7. Schoo A, Stagnitti K, Mercer C, Dunbar J. A conceptual model for recruitment and retention: allied health workforce enhancement in Western Victoria, Australia. Rural Remote Health. 2005;5:477 pubmed
    ..Based on themes identified in the literature, an interactive model is being developed that addresses recruitment and retention factors in three domains: (1) personal or individual; (2) organisation; and (3) community. ..
  8. Chandhiok N, Dhillon B, Datey S, Mathur A, Saxena N. Oral misoprostol for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage by paramedical workers in India. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006;92:170-5 pubmed
    ..Simple interventions can be easily implemented in rural health care settings to reduce the blood loss during labor. This finding has significant implications for developing countries, in which the prevalence of anemia is high. ..
  9. Heiwe S, Kajermo K, Tyni Lenne R, Guidetti S, Samuelsson M, Andersson I, et al. Evidence-based practice: attitudes, knowledge and behaviour among allied health care professionals. Int J Qual Health Care. 2011;23:198-209 pubmed publisher
  10. Bjørshol C, Myklebust H, Nilsen K, Hoff T, Bjørkli C, Illguth E, et al. Effect of socioemotional stress on the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation during advanced life support in a randomized manikin study. Crit Care Med. 2011;39:300-4 pubmed publisher
    ..In this advanced life support manikin study, the presence of socioemotional stress increased the subjective workload, frustration, and feeling of realism, without affecting the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ..
  11. O Toole K, Schoo A, Hernan A. Why did they leave and what can they tell us? Allied health professionals leaving rural settings. Aust Health Rev. 2010;34:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The attempts by government to address some of the leading factors for retention of allied health professionals are perhaps too narrowly focussed on the public sector and could encompass a wider approach. ..
  12. Hauer P, Straub C, Wolf S. Learning styles of allied health students using Kolb's LSI-IIa. J Allied Health. 2005;34:177-82 pubmed
  13. Wylie D, Gallagher H. Transformational leadership behaviors in allied health professions. J Allied Health. 2009;38:65-73 pubmed
    ..This highlights an as-yet missed opportunity for effectively targeting and evaluating multidisciplinary leadership training programs across the allied health professions. ..
  14. LeBlanc V, MacDonald R, McArthur B, King K, Lepine T. Paramedic performance in calculating drug dosages following stressful scenarios in a human patient simulator. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2005;9:439-44 pubmed
  15. Stagnitti K, Schoo A, Reid C, Dunbar J. Retention of allied health professionals in the south-west of Victoria. Aust J Rural Health. 2005;13:364-5 pubmed
  16. Keane S, Smith T, Lincoln M, Wagner S, Lowe S. The rural allied health workforce study (RAHWS): background, rationale and questionnaire development. Rural Remote Health. 2008;8:1132 pubmed
    ..This valid and feasible instrument will be used to explore the rural allied health workforce by implementing the RAHWS survey in rural regions on a state-by-state basis in Australia during 2009 and 2010. ..
  17. Wilson R, Lewis S, Murray P. Trends in the rehabilitation therapist workforce in underserved areas: 1980-2000. J Rural Health. 2009;25:26-32 pubmed publisher
    ..It is unclear if these maldistributions represent a shortage of rehabilitation therapists. Continued monitoring of the rehabilitation therapist workforce and the determination of the optimal supply should be undertaken in the future. ..
  18. Hadley J, Hassan I, Khan K. Knowledge and beliefs concerning evidence-based practice amongst complementary and alternative medicine health care practitioners and allied health care professionals: a questionnaire survey. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008;8:45 pubmed publisher
  19. Timmermann A, Russo S, Hollmann M. Paramedic versus emergency physician emergency medical service: role of the anaesthesiologist and the European versus the Anglo-American concept. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2008;21:222-7 pubmed publisher
  20. O Toole K, Schoo A, Stagnitti K, Cuss K. Rethinking policies for the retention of allied health professionals in rural areas: a social relations approach. Health Policy. 2008;87:326-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The paper concludes by raising some questions about the pertinence of present models for regional health initiatives since they are locked into a bureaucratic model where relationships are hierarchical and asymmetrically controlled. ..
  21. Guion W, Mishoe S, Taft A, Campbell C. Connecting allied health students to rural communities. J Rural Health. 2006;22:260-3 pubmed
  22. Bjørshol C, Søreide E, Torsteinbø T, Lexow K, Nilsen O, Sunde K. Quality of chest compressions during 10min of single-rescuer basic life support with different compression: ventilation ratios in a manikin model. Resuscitation. 2008;77:95-100 pubmed publisher
    ..We found no decline in chest compression quality below guideline recommendations during 10 min of BLS with any of the three different C:V ratios. ..
  23. McAuliffe E, Manafa O, Maseko F, Bowie C, White E. Understanding job satisfaction amongst mid-level cadres in Malawi: the contribution of organisational justice. Reprod Health Matters. 2009;17:80-90 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings highlight the important role that managers can play in the motivation, career development and performance of mid-level health workers. ..
  24. Williams B, Brown T. Should DVD simulations replace hospital-based clinical placements?. Med Educ. 2007;41:1089-90 pubmed
  25. Bosley S, Dale J. Healthcare assistants in general practice: practical and conceptual issues of skill-mix change. Br J Gen Pract. 2008;58:118-24 pubmed publisher
    ..It is concluded that HCAs can make an increasingly useful contribution to the skill mix in general practice, but that more research and evaluation are needed to inform their training and development within the general practice team. ..
  26. Manahan C, Hardy C, MacLeod M. Personal characteristics and experiences of long-term allied health professionals in rural and northern British Columbia. Rural Remote Health. 2009;9:1238 pubmed
  27. De Brouwere V, Dieng T, Diadhiou M, Witter S, Denerville E. Task shifting for emergency obstetric surgery in district hospitals in Senegal. Reprod Health Matters. 2009;17:32-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Communities appreciated that the services saved lives and money, but called for improved information and greater continuity of care. ..
  28. Scott T. Sudden death liminality: dehumanisation and disengagement. Int Emerg Nurs. 2013;21:10-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The discussion contributes to the emerging sociology of sudden death. ..
  29. Maher A. Podiatry: an illustration of surgery provided by allied health professionals. J Perioper Pract. 2013;23:218-21 pubmed
    ..Over the last 40 years however podiatric surgery performed by podiatrists has become established as a viable, safe and cost effective alternative to traditional models of service provision. ..
  30. Magnusson L, Ahlstrom G. Experiences of providing prosthetic and orthotic services in Sierra Leone--the local staff's perspective. Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34:2111-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Support from international organisations was considered necessary as well as educating more prosthetic and orthotic staff to a higher level. ..
  31. Mbaeyi C, Panlilio A, Hobbs C, Patel P, Kuhar D. Assessment of management policies and practices for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens in dialysis facilities. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012;60:617-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Significant improvements are required in the implementation of guidelines for managing occupational exposures to bloodborne pathogens in outpatient dialysis facilities. ..
  32. Hou X, Rego J, Service M. Review article: Paramedic education opportunities and challenges in Australia. Emerg Med Australas. 2013;25:114-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The further advances of the paramedic education programmes should aim to respond to population change and industry development, which would enhance the paramedic profession across Australia. ..
  33. Graber D, Mitcham M, Coker Bolt P, Wise H, Jacques P, Edlunc B, et al. The Caring Professionals Program: educational approaches that integrate caring attitudes and empathic behaviors into health professions education. J Allied Health. 2012;41:90-6 pubmed
    ..The Caring Professionals Program may serve as a model for other allied health schools and also contribute to a college culture that supports caring and humanism. ..
  34. Haywood H, Pain H, Ryan S, Adams J. Engagement with continuing professional development: development of a service model. J Allied Health. 2012;41:83-9 pubmed
  35. Overton A. A postprofessional distance-education program in neurodiagnostics and sleep science. N C Med J. 2014;75:71-2 pubmed
    ..The University of North Carolina has proven innovative and timely in offering a neurodiagnostics and sleep science bachelor's degree program for the sleep medicine profession. ..
  36. Camden C, Tétreault S, Swaine B. Increasing the use of group interventions in a pediatric rehabilitation program: perceptions of administrators, therapists, and parents. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2012;32:120-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Generally, parents were satisfied with group interventions. Groups appear to be a promising method of service delivery, but organizational-related issues should be considered. ..
  37. Chan B, Proudfoot J, Zwar N, Davies G, Harris M. Satisfaction with referral relationships between general practice and allied health professionals in Australian primary health care. Aust J Prim Health. 2011;17:250-8 pubmed publisher
    ..There were few associations with the other measures suggesting that the MoML might assess other aspects of teamwork involving practitioners who are not collocated or in the same organisation. ..
  38. Adhikari S, Shrestha U. Validation of performance of certified medical assistants in preschool vision screening examination. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2011;3:128-33 pubmed publisher
    ..In developing countries like Nepal,where access to regular eye examination is a rare possibility, preschool vision screening using the HOTV test can be effective. ..
  39. Taghavi M, Simon A, Kappus S, Meyer N, Lassen C, Klier T, et al. Paramedics experiences and expectations concerning advance directives: a prospective, questionnaire-based, bi-centre study. Palliat Med. 2012;26:908-16 pubmed
    ..Participants do not feel adequately trained in end-of-life care and the content of advance directives. Other recent studies have also demonstrated that there is a need for training curricula in end-of-life care for paramedics. ..
  40. Mueller P, Ottenberg A, Hayes D, Koenig B. "I felt like the angel of death": role conflicts and moral distress among allied professionals employed by the US cardiovascular implantable electronic device industry. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2011;32:253-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Health care institutions should develop and enforce clear boundaries between IEAPs and clinicians in the clinical setting. Clinicians and IEAPs should adhere to these boundaries. ..
  41. Gauld R, Horsburgh S. Healthcare professional perspectives on quality and safety in New Zealand public hospitals: findings from a national survey. Aust Health Rev. 2014;38:109-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Policy makers and hospital managers should support strong clinical leadership. ..
  42. Williams C, Miyazaki K, Borkowski D, McKinstry C, Cotchet M, Haines T. Research capacity and culture of the Victorian public health allied health workforce is influenced by key research support staff and location. Aust Health Rev. 2015;39:303-311 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of the present study suggest that the development of key people to build capacity at a higher organisational level has a flow-down effect on research capacity and culture. ..
  43. Szarpak L, Truszewski Z, Smereka J, Krajewski P, Fudalej M, Madziala M. Ability of paramedics to perform intraosseous access. A randomized cadaver study comparing EZ-IO(®) and NIO(®) devices. Resuscitation. 2016;104:e5-6 pubmed publisher
  44. Kelleher S, Buckley D, Reyment J. Attitudes and beliefs of staff to feedback following the review of adverse events in clinical care. Aust Health Rev. 2013;37:552-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Medical staff were less enthusiastic about feedback and preferred formal feedback processes. Feedback from clinical incident reviews closes the loop of the review process and creates a platform for necessary changes to be undertaken. ..
  45. Mitchell D, O Brien L, Bardoel A, Haines T. Challenges, uncertainties and perceived benefits of providing weekend allied health services-a managers' perspective. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17:118 pubmed publisher
    ..The resources may be better spent in areas with clear evidence to show the addition of weekend allied health services improves patient outcomes, such as on acute assess units and rehabilitation wards. ..
  46. Reifels L, Bassilios B, King K, Fletcher J, Blashki G, Pirkis J. Innovations in primary mental healthcare. Aust Health Rev. 2013;37:312-7 pubmed publisher
    ..They also identify challenges to and facilitators of the implementation process, which can inform innovation efforts in other primary care contexts. ..
  47. Donley E. Suicide risk of your client: initial identification and management for the allied health professional. J Allied Health. 2013;42:56-61 pubmed
    ..Know your local crisis and supportive mental health services, create links with them, have ongoing professional education and protocols for managing clients at-risk, and be acutely aware of your role and limitations. ..
  48. Wilkinson S, Stapleton H. Overweight and obesity in pregnancy: the evidence-practice gap in staff knowledge, attitudes and practices. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2012;52:588-92 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings will be categorised using implementation of science methodological frameworks, and effective behaviour change interventions will be constructed to facilitate translation of this important guideline into practice. ..
  49. Arendts G, Fitzhardinge S, Pronk K, Donaldson M, Hutton M, Nagree Y. The impact of early emergency department allied health intervention on admission rates in older people: a non-randomized clinical study. BMC Geriatr. 2012;12:8 pubmed publisher
    ..This difference was significant. Early allied health intervention in the ED has a significant but modest impact on admission rates in older patients. The effect appears to be limited to a small number of common presenting problems. ..
  50. Venkatachalam J, Kumar D, Gupta M, Aggarwal A. Knowledge and skills of primary health care workers trained on integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness: follow-up assessment 3 years after the training. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55:298-302 pubmed publisher
    ..Long-term retention of knowledge and skills in 5-day group was equivalent to that in 8-day training group. Refresher trainings may boost up the decline in the knowledge and skills. ..
  51. Fullerton J, Price C, Silvey N, Brace S, Perkins G. Is the Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) superior to clinician judgement in detecting critical illness in the pre-hospital environment?. Resuscitation. 2012;83:557-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The addition of MEWS improves detection at the expense of reduced specificity. The optimal scoring system to be employed in this setting is yet to be elucidated. ..
  52. Goodwin T, Delasobera B, Strehlow M, Camacho J, Koskovich M, D Souza P, et al. Indian and United States paramedic students: comparison of examination performance for the American Heart Association Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) training. J Emerg Med. 2012;43:298-302 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the study results, the AHA ACLS course proved effective in an international setting despite being taught in a non-native language. ..
  53. Brown T, Boyle M, Williams B, Molloy A, Palermo C, McKenna L, et al. Predictors of empathy in health science students. J Allied Health. 2011;40:143-9 pubmed
    ..The findings suggest that promoting effective communication among health science students may improve their ability to empathize. ..