researcher subject relations


Summary: Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.

Top Publications

  1. Nunkoosing K. The problems with interviews. Qual Health Res. 2005;15:698-706 pubmed
    ..quot; ..
  2. Dickert N, DeRiemer K, Duffy P, Garcia Garcia L, Mutabingwa T, Sina B, et al. Ancillary-care responsibilities in observational research: two cases, two issues. Lancet. 2007;369:874-7 pubmed
  3. Ravitsky V, Wilfond B. Disclosing individual genetic results to research participants. Am J Bioeth. 2006;6:8-17 pubmed
    ..This analysis shows that the same result may require different decisions in different contexts. ..
  4. Cutcliffe J. Reconsidering reflexivity: introducing the case for intellectual entrepreneurship. Qual Health Res. 2003;13:136-48 pubmed
    ..Wherein intellectual entrepreneurship implies a conscious and deliberate attempt on the part of academics to explore the world of ideas boldly; to take more risks in theory development and to move away from being timid researchers. ..
  5. McAllister C, Green B, Terry M, Herman V, Mulvey L. Parents, practitioners, and researchers: community-based participatory research with early head start. Am J Public Health. 2003;93:1672-9 pubmed
    ..Our goal is to make the practices of CBPR visible and explicit so they can be analyzed, further developed, and effectively applied to a range of public health issues in a diversity of community contexts. ..
  6. Li N. Out of the armchair: a bioethics student's search for practical knowledge in Kenya. J Bioeth Inq. 2004;1:20-6 pubmed
    ..It concludes that, in addition to existing considerations, ethical review ought to include another kind of information: that which can be gained only from listening to the feelings and experiences related by subjects themselves. ..
  7. Savage C, Xu Y, Lee R, Rose B, Kappesser M, Anthony J. A case study in the use of community-based participatory research in public health nursing. Public Health Nurs. 2006;23:472-8 pubmed
    ..CBPR provides opportunities for community health nurse researchers to conduct research with vulnerable populations and sets the stage for implementing evidenced-based nursing interventions in the community. ..
  8. Kidd J, Finlayson M. Navigating uncharted water: research ethics and emotional engagement in human inquiry. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2006;13:423-8 pubmed
    ..Such issues may be recognized and managed using clinical supervision in addition to academic supervision. Researcher vulnerability adds depth and complexity to human inquiry. ..
  9. Levine R. Clinical trials and physicians as double agents. Yale J Biol Med. 1992;65:65-74 pubmed
    ..quot; 3. The protocol is designed to introduce, test, evaluate, or compare therapeutic, diagnostic, or prophylactic maneuvers. ..

More Information


  1. Clayton E. Incidental findings in genetics research using archived DNA. J Law Med Ethics. 2008;36:286-91, 212 pubmed publisher
  2. Rabeharisoa V. The struggle against neuromuscular diseases in France and the emergence of the "partnership model" of patient organisation. Soc Sci Med. 2003;57:2127-36 pubmed
  3. Cash R. What is owed to the community before, during and following research: an ethical dialogue. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12 Suppl 1:S37-41 pubmed
    ..Most ethical guidelines are focused on the individual participants. Yet increasingly the community may be the unit of study. More attention will need to be directed towards developing guidelines for community-based research. ..
  4. Miller F, Brody H. What makes placebo-controlled trials unethical?. Am J Bioeth. 2002;2:3-9 pubmed
    ..Placebo controls are ethically justifiable when they are supported by sound methodological considerations and their use does not expose research participants to excessive risks of harm. ..
  5. Oeye C, Bjelland A, Skorpen A. Doing participant observation in a psychiatric hospital-- research ethics resumed. Soc Sci Med. 2007;65:2296-306 pubmed
    ..The article suggests the need for reformulation of research guidelines for participant observation in medical settings. ..
  6. Karmaliani R, McFarlane J, Asad N, Madhani F, Hirani S, Shehzad S, et al. Applying community-based participatory research methods to improve maternal and child health in Karachi, Pakistan. Nurs Outlook. 2009;57:204-9 pubmed publisher
  7. Locher J, Bronstein J, Robinson C, Williams C, Ritchie C. Ethical issues involving research conducted with homebound older adults. Gerontologist. 2006;46:160-4 pubmed
    ..This may be accomplished especially through clear communication during the informed consent process with participants and in scientific communication with colleagues. ..
  8. Rallis S, Rossman G, Gajda R. Trustworthiness in evaluation practice: an emphasis on the relational. Eval Program Plann. 2007;30:404-9 pubmed
    ..The chapter provides a theoretical framework for this position and offers two illustrative examples in the form of dialogues. ..
  9. Sandelowski M. "Meta-Jeopardy": the crisis of representation in qualitative metasynthesis. Nurs Outlook. 2006;54:10-6 pubmed
  10. Kralik D, Price K, Warren J, Koch T. Issues in data generation using email group conversations for nursing research. J Adv Nurs. 2006;53:213-20 pubmed
    ..However the scope and viability of computer-mediated communication as a qualitative method of research remains relatively unexplored, hence this paper. ..
  11. Milne J, Oberle K. Enhancing rigor in qualitative description: a case study. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2005;32:413-20 pubmed
    ..Strategies to enhance rigor included flexible yet systematic sampling, ensuring participants had the freedom to speak, ensuring accurate transcription and data-driven coding, and on-going attention to context. ..
  12. Edwards C, Staniszweska S, Crichton N. Investigation of the ways in which patients' reports of their satisfaction with healthcare are constructed. Sociol Health Illn. 2004;26:159-83 pubmed
    ..Methods of inquiry are needed which access something of patients' development of opinion, and thereby something of their initial, often more negative, untransformed responses to their healthcare experiences. ..
  13. Litton P, Miller F. A normative justification for distinguishing the ethics of clinical research from the ethics of medical care. J Law Med Ethics. 2005;33:566-74 pubmed
  14. Hadley E, Smith C, Gallo A, Angst D, Knafl K. Parents' perspectives on having their children interviewed for research. Res Nurs Health. 2008;31:4-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowing this information, researchers can prepare to work more collaboratively with parents and include them more fully in the research process. ..
  15. Rhodes R. Rethinking research ethics. Am J Bioeth. 2005;5:7-28 pubmed
    ..These include: the primacy of informed consent, the protection of the vulnerable, the substitution of beneficence for research's social purpose, and the introduction of an untenable distinction between innovation and research. ..
  16. Mack R, Giarelli E, Bernhardt B. The adolescent research participant: strategies for productive and ethical interviewing. J Pediatr Nurs. 2009;24:448-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Strategies presented are useful to clinicians who wish to establish a therapeutic rapport with young patients. ..
  17. Elgesem D. What is special about the ethical issues in online research?. Ethics Inf Technol. 2002;4:195-203 pubmed
  18. Whitney S, Alcser K, Schneider C, McCullough L, McGuire A, Volk R. Principal investigator views of the IRB system. Int J Med Sci. 2008;5:68-72 pubmed
    ..Significant concern was expressed about the cost, inefficiency, and irrationality of IRB review. The IRB system works well for some researchers, but our results indicate that other investigators feel the costs outweigh the benefits. ..
  19. Katz R, Green B, Kressin N, James S, Wang M, Claudio C, et al. Exploring the "legacy" of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study: a follow-up study from the Tuskegee Legacy Project. J Natl Med Assoc. 2009;101:179-83 pubmed
    ..These findings, being in complete agreement with our previous findings from our 1999-2000 4-City TLP, validate those prior findings. ..
  20. Bartlett T. Did a university let a sex researcher go too far? A psychology professor returned to his lab, only to draw complaints for a second time. Chron High Educ. 2003;50:A10-2 pubmed
  21. Newsom J, Prigerson H, Schulz R, Reynolds C. Investigating moderator hypotheses in aging research: statistical, methodological, and conceptual difficulties with comparing separate regressions. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2003;57:119-50 pubmed
    ..These results clearly illustrate that the analysis strategy researchers choose may have important bearing on theory in aging research such as conclusions regarding the role of social support across the life span. ..
  22. Twenge J, Zhang L, Catanese K, Dolan Pascoe B, Lyche L, Baumeister R. Replenishing connectedness: reminders of social activity reduce aggression after social exclusion. Br J Soc Psychol. 2007;46:205-24 pubmed
    ..The effect was mediated by trust in other people but not by state self-esteem or mood. Rejected participants who have an alternative source of social connection eschew the increased aggression usually displayed after social exclusion. ..
  23. Murphy T. Sex, romance, and research subjects: an ethical exploration. Am J Bioeth. 2010;10:30-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Each of these options has drawbacks that undermine its value as a definitive solution. The deficiencies of these options highlight the need for a professional code of conduct for nonclinical researchers. ..
  24. Gorman D, Conde E. Conflict of interest in the evaluation and dissemination of "model" school-based drug and violence prevention programs. Eval Program Plann. 2007;30:422-9 pubmed
  25. Welle D, Clatts M. Scaffolded interviewing with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning youth: a developmental approach to HIV education and prevention. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2007;18:5-14 pubmed
  26. Kaiser K. Protecting respondent confidentiality in qualitative research. Qual Health Res. 2009;19:1632-41 pubmed publisher
  27. Rempel G, Neufeld A, Kushner K. Interactive use of genograms and ecomaps in family caregiving research. J Fam Nurs. 2007;13:403-19 pubmed publisher
  28. Daniels J, Savitz D, Bradley C, Dole N, Evenson K, Eucker B, et al. Attitudes toward participation in a pregnancy and child cohort study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2006;20:260-6 pubmed
    ..This survey confirmed that once women are enrolled, they tend to be willing to complete most components of an intensive study, suggesting that initial efforts for recruitment are most important. ..
  29. Hughes H. Awakening from addiction the Mâori way. Nurs N Z. 2008;14:18-9 pubmed
  30. Shalowitz D, Miller F. The search for clarity in communicating research results to study participants. J Med Ethics. 2008;34:e17 pubmed publisher
    ..Lack of consistency on these issues, however, does not undermine investigators' obligation to offer to disclose research an obligation rooted firmly in the principle of respect for research participants. ..
  31. Barton S. Using narrative inquiry to elicit diabetes self-care experience in an Aboriginal population. Can J Nurs Res. 2008;40:16-36 pubmed
    ..The discussion connects various philosophical, epistemological, and methodological orientations to research with Aboriginal people living with diabetes. ..
  32. Hede K. Efforts to communicate clinical trial results to patients face uphill climb. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99:11-3 pubmed
  33. Sava H, Matlow P, Sole M. Legal liability of physicians in medical research. Clin Invest Med. 1994;17:148-84 pubmed
    ..Each source details the circumstances necessary for its particular coverage to be triggered. Other issues addressed include those arising when research is conducted outside Canada and multiple coverage. ..
  34. Lilford R. Ethics of clinical trials from a bayesian and decision analytic perspective: whose equipoise is it anyway?. BMJ. 2003;326:980-1 pubmed
  35. Weijer C, Miller P. Therapeutic obligation in clinical research. Hastings Cent Rep. 2003;33:3 pubmed
  36. Menikoff J. Equipoise: beyond rehabilitation?. Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2003;13:347-51 pubmed
    ..In fact, his key point was that patients have a right to know and to make their own decisions about participation in clinical trials, regardless of equipoise, however it is defined. ..
  37. Pessini L. Building a new culture of ethics in research involving humans in Brazil. Not Polit. 2002;18:101-12 pubmed
  38. Kimmelman J, Levenstadt A. Elements of style: consent form language and the therapeutic misconception in phase 1 gene transfer trials. Hum Gene Ther. 2005;16:502-8 pubmed
    ..Trends and coherence in consent form language were analyzed as well. Our results indicate that consent forms used in gene transfer phase 1 trials often contain language that promotes, or does little to deter, therapeutic misconceptions. ..
  39. Stiffman A, Brown E, Striley C, Ostmann E, Chowa G. Cultural and ethical issues concerning research on American Indian youth. Ethics Behav. 2005;15:1-14 pubmed
    ..Researchers must accept the competing pressures and find ethically appropriate compromises that will not undermine research integrity. ..
  40. Merritt M. Moral conflict in clinical trials. Ethics. 2005;115:306-30 pubmed
  41. Helgesson G, Johnsson L. The right to withdraw consent to research on biobank samples. Med Health Care Philos. 2005;8:315-21 pubmed
  42. Sharp R, Foster M. Clinical utility and full disclosure of genetic results to research participants. Am J Bioeth. 2006;6:42-4; author reply W10-2 pubmed
  43. Simpson A, Barker P. The persistence of memory: using narrative picturing to co-operatively explore life stories in qualitative inquiry. Nurs Inq. 2007;14:35-41 pubmed
    ..Once overcome, narrative picturing appeared to support the exploration and narration of more 'in-depth' accounts of lived experience, enhancing understandings of both the person interviewed and the researcher. ..
  44. Morse J. Does informed consent interfere with induction?. Qual Health Res. 2008;18:439-40 pubmed publisher
  45. Fontes L. Ethics in violence against women research: the sensitive, the dangerous, and the overlooked. Ethics Behav. 2004;14:141-74 pubmed
    ..In the article, I include examples from qualitative and quantitative studies in many nations. I also offer suggestions for researchers and institutional review boards. ..
  46. Glenton C, Nilsen E, Carlsen B. Lay perceptions of evidence-based information--a qualitative evaluation of a website for back pain sufferers. BMC Health Serv Res. 2006;6:34 pubmed
  47. Weijer C, Anderson J. A critical appraisal of protections for aboriginal communities in biomedical research. Jurimetrics. 2002;42:187-98 pubmed
    ..To explore how such a principle might be specified and operationalized, it reviews existing guidelines for protecting aboriginal communities and points out problems with these guidelines and areas for further work. ..
  48. Greatrex White S. Thinking about the nature of research findings: a hermeneutic phenomenological perspective. Int J Nurs Stud. 2008;45:1842-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Where this relationship is harmonious, intellectual ability increases leading to better meaning making, better decisions and greater understanding. ..
  49. Hewitt J. Ethical components of researcher researched relationships in qualitative interviewing. Qual Health Res. 2007;17:1149-59 pubmed
    ..Examination of the self through critical reflection and supervision are therefore necessary components of ethical research. ..
  50. Bowekaty M, Davis D. Cultural issues in genetic research with American Indian and Alaskan Native people. IRB. 2003;25:12-5 pubmed
  51. Morris N, Balmer B. Are you sitting comfortably? Perspectives of the researchers and the researched on "being comfortable". Account Res. 2006;13:111-33 pubmed
  52. Standing M. A new critical framework for applying hermeneutic phenomenology. Nurse Res. 2009;16:20-30 pubmed
    ..This paper outlines the principles of hermeneutic phenomenology and demonstrates how these can be applied to the design of a research study. ..
  53. Morin K, Rakatansky H, Riddick F, Morse L, O Bannon J, Goldrich M, et al. Managing conflicts of interest in the conduct of clinical trials. JAMA. 2002;287:78-84 pubmed
    ..Finally, the article addresses disclosure of financial incentives and related funding issues. ..