location directories and signs


Summary: Directory signs or listings of designated areas within or without a facility.

Top Publications

  1. Mendonça A, van der Linden J, Fonseca T. A brief essay on ergonomics in graphic design. Work. 2012;41 Suppl 1:1547-52 pubmed publisher
    ..As a methodology, we considered the identification that the practices derived from ergonomics as epistemic system found in the main bibliography related to graphic design. ..
  2. Tay R. Drivers' perceptions and reactions to roadside memorials. Accid Anal Prev. 2009;41:663-9 pubmed publisher
    ..7% in the 6 weeks after the installation of the mock memorials compared to the 6 weeks before whereas the number of violations at two comparison sites experienced an increase of 16.8%. ..
  3. Anthony K, Wiencek C, Bauer C, Daly B, Anthony M. No interruptions please: impact of a No Interruption Zone on medication safety in intensive care units. Crit Care Nurse. 2010;30:21-9 pubmed publisher
  4. Halstuch A, Yitzhaky Y. Properties of light reflected from road signs in active imaging. Appl Opt. 2008;47:4031-6 pubmed
    ..Unfortunately, while this solution performs well for two types of road sign, it is less efficient for the third sign type. ..
  5. Chiou Y, Chang C. Driver responses to green and red vehicular signal countdown displays: Safety and efficiency aspects. Accid Anal Prev. 2010;42:1057-65 pubmed publisher
    ..5 months after-RSCD installation. Thus, RSCD enhances intersection efficiency. RSCD is clearly less controversial and more beneficial than GSCD. ..
  6. Bill D, Weddell J. Dental office access for patients with disabling conditions. Spec Care Dentist. 1986;6:246-52 pubmed
    ..The American Dental Association and constituent state associations can further accomplish this by setting accessibility guidelines for the dental environment. ..
  7. Tabiner A, Lewis L. Developing a magnetic sign system to ensure patients receive appropriate nutritional care. Nurs Times. 2010;106:18-20 pubmed
    ..Nutritional link nurses at Milton Keynes Hospital Foundation Trust developed a tool to ensure that all staff, patients and relatives were aware opatients' current andcorrect nutritional status. ..
  8. Vilar E, Rebelo F, Noriega P, Teles J, Mayhorn C. The influence of environmental features on route selection in an emergency situation. Appl Ergon. 2013;44:618-27 pubmed publisher
    ..In situations where these variables are in conflict, there is a preference for brighter paths in both intersection configurations. ..
  9. Zhang Y, Harris E, Rogers M, Kaber D, Hummer J, Rasdorf W, et al. Driver distraction and performance effects of highway logo sign design. Appl Ergon. 2013;44:472-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggested the use of nine-panel and overflow-combination logo signs may be suitable for interchanges where there are more than six qualifying businesses in a category in terms of driver performance and safety. ..

More Information


  1. Marques L, Cardoso V. Informational ergonomics and design: signage design for Monte Sião Camp. Work. 2012;41 Suppl 1:1553-8 pubmed publisher
    ..As a result, we obtained a signaling system, with graphic features that refer to formal-site, capable of meeting the needs of orientation and displacement inherent to the site. ..
  2. Changiz T, Haghani F, Masoomi R. Design and implementation of a web directory for medical education (WDME): a tool to facilitate research in medical education. Med Arh. 2012;66:133-6 pubmed
    ..It may help medical educators to find their desirable resources more quickly and easily; hence have more informed decisions in education. ..
  3. Scialfa C, Spadafora P, Klein M, Lesnik A, Dial L, Heinrich A. Iconic sign comprehension in older adults: the role of cognitive impairment and text enhancement. Can J Aging. 2008;27:253-65 pubmed publisher
  4. Lesch M. Warning symbols as reminders of hazards: impact of training. Accid Anal Prev. 2008;40:1005-12 pubmed publisher
    ..It is suggested that accident scenario training can be used to help prevent accidents and injuries by ensuring that responses to warnings are "sure and swift". ..
  5. Lesch M. A comparison of two training methods for improving warning symbol comprehension. Appl Ergon. 2008;39:135-43 pubmed
    ..In order to further improve symbol design, as well as training to address comprehension difficulties, future research should more closely examine symbol characteristics that influence comprehension. ..
  6. Laws J. 6I sinks in. Occup Health Saf. 2005;74:24, 26, 28 pubmed
  7. Chan A, Ng A. The guessing of mine safety signs meaning: effects of user factors and cognitive sign features. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2012;18:195-208 pubmed
    ..To design more user-friendly mine safety signs, industrial designers should develop and evaluate signs with consideration of the significant user factors and the 5 sign features tested here. ..
  8. Ng A, Siu K, Chan C. Perspectives toward the stereotype production method for public symbol design: a case study of novice designers. Appl Ergon. 2013;44:65-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings should aid the optimization of the stereotype production method for user-involved symbol design. ..
  9. Koneczny S, Rousek J, Hallbeck M. Simulating visual impairment to detect hospital way-finding difficulties. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2009;142:133-5 pubmed
    ..Most of these problems can easily be detected by the use of low-vision simulation, then categorized and eliminated. Hospitals can improve their facility to reduce potential slips and falls as well as frustration using these data. ..
  10. MacKenzie S, Krusberg J. Can I get there from here? Wayfinding systems for healthcare facilities. Leadersh Health Serv. 1996;5:42-6 pubmed
    ..This makes a well-designed wayfinding system particularly important. Two facilities' dealings with professional designers illustrate some solutions which help both hospital and patients. ..
  11. Joy Lo C, Yien H, Chen I. How Universal Are Universal Symbols? An Estimation of Cross-Cultural Adoption of Universal Healthcare Symbols. HERD. 2016;9:116-34 pubmed publisher
  12. Thomas J, Corcos D, Hasan Z. Effect of movement speed on limb segment motions for reaching from a standing position. Exp Brain Res. 2003;148:377-87 pubmed
  13. Di Bucchianico G, Camplone S, Picciani S, Vallese V. "EWS Matrix" and "EWG Matrix": "De-sign for All" tools referred to the development of a enabling communication system for public spaces. Work. 2012;41 Suppl 1:1368-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The paper presents the results of a study on this specific issue. In particular, the study focuses on the description of some tools useful for the analysis and design of a signage system that is truly "for All". ..
  14. Carpman J, Grant M. Wayfinding woes. Common obstacles to a successful wayfinding system. Health Facil Manage. 2002;15:22-5 pubmed
  15. Laws J. Photoluminescence shines through. Occup Health Saf. 2004;73:126-8, 137 pubmed
  16. Rousek J, Hallbeck M. Improving and analyzing signage within a healthcare setting. Appl Ergon. 2011;42:771-84 pubmed publisher
    ..These fundamental signage principles are critical in producing an efficient, universal wayfinding system for healthcare facilities. ..
  17. Easter J. Traffic report. Advice on improving a hospital wayfinding system. Health Facil Manage. 2007;20:29-34 pubmed
  18. Murphy K, Waxman B. Orient express. Ease navigation of your children's hospital by creating a patient/visitor's guide. Mark Health Serv. 2007;27:10-4 pubmed
  19. May A, Ross T. Presence and quality of navigational landmarks: effect on driver performance and implications for design. Hum Factors. 2006;48:346-61 pubmed
  20. Waterson P, Pilcher C, Evans S, Moore J. Developing safety signs for children on board trains. Appl Ergon. 2012;43:254-65 pubmed publisher
    ..A final section considers the main methodological and other lessons learnt from the study, alongside study limitations and possibilities for future research. ..
  21. Thrall T. Wayfinding. Say it with symbols. Hosp Health Netw. 2005;79:20, 22, 24 pubmed
  22. Pape T, Guerra D, Muzquiz M, Bryant J, Ingram M, Schranner B, et al. Innovative approaches to reducing nurses' distractions during medication administration. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2005;36:108-16; quiz 141-2 pubmed
    ..The results provide evidence that protocol checklists and signage can be used as reminders to reduce distractions, and are simple, inexpensive tools for medication safety. ..
  23. Ye Z, Veneziano D, Lord D. Safety impact of Gateway Monuments. Accid Anal Prev. 2011;43:290-300 pubmed publisher
    ..In light of these results, Caltrans may continue to participate in the Gateway Monument Program at its discretion with the knowledge that roadway safety is not impacted by monuments. ..
  24. Boen F, Maurissen K, Opdenacker J. A simple health sign increases stair use in a shopping mall and two train stations in Flanders, Belgium. Health Promot Int. 2010;25:183-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Preliminary evidence was found that repeated exposure to a health sign might have a longer term effect on stair use. ..
  25. Cavalcanti J, SOARES M. Ergonomic analysis of safety signs: a focus of informational and cultural ergonomics. Work. 2012;41 Suppl 1:3427-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The overall results show differences in the sign structure across the states, confirming the influence of cultural differences on the design of safety signs, which must be taken into account during the design process. ..
  26. Alves P, Arezes P. Urban ergonomics: an ongoing study of city signs and maps. Work. 2012;41 Suppl 1:1534-40 pubmed publisher
  27. Fonda G. Legal blindness can be compatible with safe driving. Ophthalmology. 1989;96:1457-9 pubmed
    ..Subjects recognized the symbols at a distance, determined by the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads, within which a vehicle traveling 40 mph could stop safely. ..
  28. Ng A, Chan A. The effects of driver factors and sign design features on the comprehensibility of traffic signs. J Safety Res. 2008;39:321-8 pubmed publisher
  29. Rubinger J. AC vs. solar power: choosing the right safety sign. Occup Health Saf. 2006;75:84-6 pubmed
  30. Miller K. Illuminating changes. Occup Health Saf. 2005;74:44, 46, 48 pubmed
  31. Reed R. Creating a healing environment by design. J Ambul Care Manage. 1995;18:16-31 pubmed
    ..Ambulatory care centers in general would benefit from application of these principles. ..
  32. Løfgren B, Grove E, Krarup N. [Where is the automated external defibrillator? Development and education]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2009;171:3598-9 pubmed
    ..To disseminate the knowledge of this important signage, a review in a Danish context is presented. It is essential that the public in general and health care professionals in particular know where to locate on AEDs. ..
  33. Swett R, Listowski C, Fry D, Boutelle S, Fann D. A regional waterway management system for balancing recreational boating and resource protection. Environ Manage. 2009;43:962-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Compared with traditional approaches to waterway management, the science-based RWMS is relatively unbiased, objective, transparent, ecologically sound, and fiscally prudent. ..
  34. Wigington P. Clear messages for effective communication. J Environ Health. 2008;70:71-3 pubmed
  35. Chan A, Ng A. Effects of sign characteristics and training methods on safety sign training effectiveness. Ergonomics. 2010;53:1325-46 pubmed publisher
    ..They provide a basis for useful guidelines for designing symbol-training programmes and for designing more user-friendly safety signs. ..
  36. Townsend D. Increase safety awareness with signs. Color combination is a vital component in all sign and graphic design and aids in all four of the basic sign design guides. Occup Health Saf. 2007;76:18, 20 pubmed
  37. Vrkljan B, Polgar J. Driving, navigation, and vehicular technology: experiences of older drivers and their co-pilots. Traffic Inj Prev. 2007;8:403-10 pubmed
    ..Further investigation into the effects of in-vehicle navigation technology on the driving safety of older drivers and their co-pilots is warranted. ..
  38. Ng A, Chan A. The guessability of traffic signs: effects of prospective-user factors and sign design features. Accid Anal Prev. 2007;39:1245-57 pubmed
    ..In order to design more user-friendly traffic signs and effective ways of using them, it is suggested that designers develop and evaluate signs according to the relative importance of the five sign features. ..
  39. Montella A. Identifying crash contributory factors at urban roundabouts and using association rules to explore their relationships to different crash types. Accid Anal Prev. 2011;43:1451-63 pubmed publisher
  40. Ng A, Chan A. Investigation of the effectiveness of traffic sign training in terms of training methods and sign characteristics. Traffic Inj Prev. 2011;12:283-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings of this study provide a basis for useful recommendations for designing symbol-training programs to improve road safety for road users. ..
  41. Johnson A. First impressions: towards becoming a health-literate health service. Aust Health Rev. 2014;38:190-3 pubmed publisher
  42. Harding L, Griffith J, Harding V, Tulley N, Notghi A, Thomson W. Closing the audit loop: a patient satisfaction survey. Nucl Med Commun. 1994;15:275-8 pubmed
    ..The postal survey was repeated after 1 year, thus completing the audit loop. A significant reduction in dissatisfied responses has occurred in those areas which had been addressed following the criticisms revealed by the first survey. ..
  43. Fabrizio N, Huang C. The new Health Sciences Library at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Bull Med Libr Assoc. 1988;76:164-70 pubmed
    ..The new library is equipped to face the challenge of meeting the needs of biomedical education, research, and clinical programs of the institution and its constituents in the years to come. ..
  44. Lesch M, Horrey W, Wogalter M, Powell W. Age-related differences in warning symbol comprehension and training effectiveness: effects of familiarity, complexity, and comprehensibility. Ergonomics. 2011;54:879-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Alternatively, symbol design could incorporate cues to knowledge to facilitate the linkage between new knowledge and relevant knowledge in long-term memory. ..
  45. Wood J, Lacherez P, Marszalek R, King M. Drivers' and cyclists' experiences of sharing the road: incidents, attitudes and perceptions of visibility. Accid Anal Prev. 2009;41:772-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, these results suggest that interventions should target cyclists' use of visibility aids, which is less than optimal in this population, as well as re-educating both groups regarding visibility issues. ..
  46. Cooper R, Smith R. Sign language. Wayfinding design requires a team approach. Health Facil Manage. 2004;17:24-8 pubmed
  47. McCarthy M. Healthy design. Lancet. 2004;364:405-6 pubmed
  48. Sloan G. Facility identification. Occup Health Saf. 2004;73:129-30 pubmed
  49. McGilton K, Rivera T, Dawson P. Can we help persons with dementia find their way in a new environment?. Aging Ment Health. 2003;7:363-71 pubmed
    ..Results indicated that the residents' in the treatment group demonstrated an increased ability to find their way to the dining room one week after the intervention. The intervention effect was not sustained three months later. ..
  50. Hamula W. Transitional office design: attracting an associate. J Clin Orthod. 2002;36:701-6 pubmed
  51. Coleman K, Gonzalez E. Promoting stair use in a US-Mexico border community. Am J Public Health. 2001;91:2007-9 pubmed
    ..These results underscore the importance of considering the physical characteristics of the environments targeted for health promotion campaigns. ..
  52. Chen X, Yang J, Zhang J, Waibel A. Automatic detection and recognition of signs from natural scenes. IEEE Trans Image Process. 2004;13:87-99 pubmed
    ..We have applied the approach in developing a Chinese sign translation system, which can automatically detect and recognize Chinese signs as input from a camera, and translate the recognized text into English. ..
  53. Thomson G, Wilson N. Smokefree signage at New Zealand racecourses and sports facilities with outdoor stands. N Z Med J. 2017;130:80-86 pubmed
    ..There were smokefree signs at the main entrances of 40% of the sports facilities with outdoor stands, and at 16% of the 25 other entrances. None of the horse/greyhound racecourses had smokefree signage at any of their entrances...