Top Publications

  1. Fonseca P, Badotti F, de Oliveira T, Fonseca A, Vaz A, Tomé L, et al. Virome analyses of Hevea brasiliensis using small RNA deep sequencing and PCR techniques reveal the presence of a potential new virus. Virol J. 2018;15:184 pubmed publisher
    ..The only virus described to infect H. brasiliensis until now is a Carlavirus, which was described more than 30 years ago...
  2. Li X, Hataya T. Construction and characterization of an infectious cDNA clone of potato virus S developed from selected populations that survived genetic bottlenecks. Virol J. 2019;16:18 pubmed publisher
    ..Potato virus S (PVS) is a carlavirus with a worldwide distribution...
  3. Li Y, Zhang R, Xiang H, Abouelnasr H, Li D, Yu J, et al. Discovery and Characterization of a Novel Carlavirus Infecting Potatoes in China. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e69255 pubmed publisher
    A new carlavirus, tentatively named Potato virus H (PVH), was found on potato plants with mild symptoms in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China...
  4. Ge B, He Z, Zhang Z, Wang H, Li S. Genetic variation in potato virus M isolates infecting pepino (Solanum muricatum) in China. Arch Virol. 2014;159:3197-210 pubmed publisher
    Potato virus M (PVM, genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexviridae) is considered to be one of most economically important pathogens of pepino in China. However, the details and the mechanisms underlying PVM evolution are unknown...
  5. Nemchinov L, Shao J, Postnikova O. Complete Genome Sequence of the Alfalfa latent virus. Genome Announc. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    The first complete genome sequence of the Alfalfa latent carlavirus (ALV) was obtained by primer walking and Illumina RNA sequencing...
  6. Su L, Li Z, Bernardy M, Wiersma P, Cheng Z, Xiang Y. The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of pea streak virus (genus Carlavirus). Arch Virol. 2015;160:2651-4 pubmed publisher
    Pea streak virus (PeSV) is a member of the genus Carlavirus in the family Betaflexiviridae...
  7. Ho T, Quito Avila D, Keller K, Postman J, Martin R, Tzanetakis I. Evidence of sympatric speciation of elderberry carlaviruses. Virus Res. 2016;215:72-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Analyses of the carlavirus conserved domains indicate that the 2-oxoglutarate and Fe(II)-dependent oxygenase motifs are reliable indicators ..
  8. Wang R, Dong J, Wang Z, Zhou T, Li Y, Ding W. Complete nucleotide sequence of a new carlavirus in chrysanthemums in China. Arch Virol. 2018;163:1973-1976 pubmed publisher
    ..contains six putative open reading frames (ORFs), and has a genomic organization typical of members of the genus Carlavirus. BLAST analysis of the full genome sequence showed low similarity (38%-56% sequence identity) to other members ..
  9. Zhao F, Igori D, Lim S, Yoo R, Lee S, Moon J. Nucleotide sequence and genome organization of atractylodes mottle virus, a new member of the genus Carlavirus. Arch Virol. 2015;160:2895-8 pubmed publisher
    The complete genome sequence of a member of a distinct species of the genus Carlavirus in the family Betaflexiviridae, tentatively named atractylodes mottle virus (AtrMoV), has been determined...

More Information


  1. Igori D, Lim S, Zhao F, Baek D, Park J, Cho H, et al. The complete sequence and genome organization of ligustrum virus A, a novel carlavirus. Arch Virol. 2016;161:3593-3596 pubmed
    ..nucleotides, excluding the poly(A) tail, and consists of six open reading frames typical of members of the genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae...
  2. Jo Y, Choi H, Kim S, Kim S, Lee B, Cho W. The pepper virome: natural co-infection of diverse viruses and their quasispecies. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:453 pubmed publisher
    ..The pepper viromes are dominated by geminivirus DNA-A followed by a novel carlavirus referred to as Pepper virus A. The two pepper cultivars share similar viral populations and replications...
  3. Costa T, Blawid R, da Costa Junior A, Lima M, de Aragão F, de Andrade G, et al. Complete genome sequence of melon yellowing-associated virus from melon plants with the severe yellowing disease in Brazil. Arch Virol. 2017;162:3899-3901 pubmed publisher
    ..At least six open reading frames were predicted, with a typical carlavirus genomic organisation...
  4. Maina S, Edwards O, de Almeida L, Ximenes A, Jones R. Complete Genome Sequences of the Carlavirus Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus from East Timor and Australia. Genome Announc. 2016;4: pubmed publisher
    ..The Australian, East Timorese, South Korean, and Ugandan genomes differed considerably from each other. ..
  5. Carvalho S, Nagata T, Junqueira B, Zanardo L, Paiva A, Carvalho C. Construction of a full-length infectious cDNA clone of Cowpea mild mottle virus. Virus Genes. 2017;53:137-140 pubmed publisher
    ..describes the first generation of a full-length infectious cDNA clone of Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV), a Carlavirus. The full-length genome was synthesized by Overlap Extension PCR of two overlapping fragments and cloned in a ..
  6. Ohshima K, Okamura K, Yasaka R, Fukuda S, Ishimaru K, Tomitaka Y, et al. First Genome Sequence of Shallot Latent Carlavirus from Allium macrostemon Bunge. Genome Announc. 2017;5: pubmed publisher
    ..Genome sequencing showed that it was infected with shallot latent carlavirus. The genomic sequence of this virus is reported for the first time from wild onion.
  7. Fujita N, Komatsu K, Ayukawa Y, Matsuo Y, Hashimoto M, Netsu O, et al. N-terminal region of cysteine-rich protein (CRP) in carlaviruses is involved in the determination of symptom types. Mol Plant Pathol. 2018;19:180-190 pubmed publisher
    Plant viruses in the genus Carlavirus include more than 65 members. Plants infected with carlaviruses exhibit various symptoms, including leaf malformation and plant stunting...