phages with long non-contractile tails

Summary

Alias: Siphoviridae, Styloviridae

Top Publications

  1. pmc Characterization of LytA-like N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidases from two new Streptococcus mitis bacteriophages provides insights into the properties of the major pneumococcal autolysin
    Patricia Romero
    Departmento de Microbiologia Molecular, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28006 Madrid, Spain
    J Bacteriol 186:8229-39. 2004
  2. pmc Comparative genome analysis of Listeria bacteriophages reveals extensive mosaicism, programmed translational frameshifting, and a novel prophage insertion site
    Julia Dorscht
    Abteilung Mikrobiologie, Zentralinstitut für Ernährungs und Lebensmittelforschung, Technische Universitat Munchen, Freising, Germany
    J Bacteriol 191:7206-15. 2009
  3. pmc Phim46.1, the main Streptococcus pyogenes element carrying mef(A) and tet(O) genes
    Andrea Brenciani
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Section of Microbiology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Via Tronto 10 A, Ancona 60020, Italy
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:221-9. 2010
  4. pmc Bacteriophage diversity in the North Sea
    A Wichels
    Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, D 27498 Helgoland, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 64:4128-33. 1998
  5. doi Identification and characterization of bacteriophages specific to the catfish pathogen, Edwardsiella ictaluri
    J K Walakira
    Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 105:2133-42. 2008
  6. ncbi [Isolation and characterization of Serratia marcescens phage]
    Long Yu
    State Research Center for Bio protective Equipment and Engineering Technology, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100071, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 48:498-502. 2008
  7. ncbi Flow cytometric detection of viruses
    C P Brussaard
    Department of Microbiology, University of Bergen, Norway
    J Virol Methods 85:175-82. 2000
  8. ncbi Remarkable morphological diversity of viruses and virus-like particles in hot terrestrial environments
    R Rachel
    Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie und Archaeenzentrum, Universitat Regensburg, Germany
    Arch Virol 147:2419-29. 2002
  9. doi The influence of the mode of administration in the dissemination of three coliphages in chickens
    A Oliveira
    Research and Development Department, Controlvet, Segurança Alimentar S A, Zona Industrial de Tondela, ZIM II, L 6, 3460 070 Tondela, Portugal
    Poult Sci 88:728-33. 2009
  10. doi Bacteriophages induced from lysogenic root canal isolates of Enterococcus faecalis
    R H Stevens
    Department of Endodontology, Temple University Kornberg School of Dentistry, 3223 NorthBroad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Oral Microbiol Immunol 24:278-84. 2009

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications155 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Characterization of LytA-like N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidases from two new Streptococcus mitis bacteriophages provides insights into the properties of the major pneumococcal autolysin
    Patricia Romero
    Departmento de Microbiologia Molecular, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28006 Madrid, Spain
    J Bacteriol 186:8229-39. 2004
    Two new temperate bacteriophages exhibiting a Myoviridae (phiB6) and a Siphoviridae (phiHER) morphology have been isolated from Streptococcus mitis strains B6 and HER 1055, respectively, and partially characterized...
  2. pmc Comparative genome analysis of Listeria bacteriophages reveals extensive mosaicism, programmed translational frameshifting, and a novel prophage insertion site
    Julia Dorscht
    Abteilung Mikrobiologie, Zentralinstitut für Ernährungs und Lebensmittelforschung, Technische Universitat Munchen, Freising, Germany
    J Bacteriol 191:7206-15. 2009
    ..Phages A006, A500, B025, P35, and P40 are members of the Siphoviridae and contain double-stranded DNA genomes of between 35.6 kb and 42.7 kb...
  3. pmc Phim46.1, the main Streptococcus pyogenes element carrying mef(A) and tet(O) genes
    Andrea Brenciani
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Section of Microbiology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Via Tronto 10 A, Ancona 60020, Italy
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:221-9. 2010
    ..1 revealed phage particles with the distinctive icosahedral head and tail morphology of the Siphoviridae family. The chromosome integration site was within a 23S rRNA uracil methyltransferase gene...
  4. pmc Bacteriophage diversity in the North Sea
    A Wichels
    Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, D 27498 Helgoland, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 64:4128-33. 1998
    ..of morphology, 11 phages were assigned to the virus family Myoviridae, 7 phages were assigned to the family Siphoviridae, and 4 phages were assigned to the family Podoviridae...
  5. doi Identification and characterization of bacteriophages specific to the catfish pathogen, Edwardsiella ictaluri
    J K Walakira
    Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 105:2133-42. 2008
    ..To identify and characterize bacteriophages specific for Edwardsiella ictaluri, the causative agent for enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC)...
  6. ncbi [Isolation and characterization of Serratia marcescens phage]
    Long Yu
    State Research Center for Bio protective Equipment and Engineering Technology, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100071, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 48:498-502. 2008
    ..To isolate the bacteriophage of Serratia marcescens (8039) from sewage, and to study on its biological characteristics...
  7. ncbi Flow cytometric detection of viruses
    C P Brussaard
    Department of Microbiology, University of Bergen, Norway
    J Virol Methods 85:175-82. 2000
    ..Baculoviridae, Herpesviridae, Myoviridae, Phycodnaviridae, Picornaviridae, Podoviridae, Retroviridae, and Siphoviridae) were stained using a variety of highly fluorescent nucleic acid specific dyes (SYBR Green I, SYBR Green II, ..
  8. ncbi Remarkable morphological diversity of viruses and virus-like particles in hot terrestrial environments
    R Rachel
    Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie und Archaeenzentrum, Universitat Regensburg, Germany
    Arch Virol 147:2419-29. 2002
    ..Two virus types resembled head-and-tail bacteriophages from the families Siphoviridae and Podoviridae, and constituted the first observation of these viruses in a hydrothermal environment...
  9. doi The influence of the mode of administration in the dissemination of three coliphages in chickens
    A Oliveira
    Research and Development Department, Controlvet, Segurança Alimentar S A, Zona Industrial de Tondela, ZIM II, L 6, 3460 070 Tondela, Portugal
    Poult Sci 88:728-33. 2009
    ..10(7), and 10(8) plaque-forming units/mL suspensions of 3 lytic phages: phi F78E (Myoviridae), phi F258E (Siphoviridae), and phi F61E (Myoviridae)...
  10. doi Bacteriophages induced from lysogenic root canal isolates of Enterococcus faecalis
    R H Stevens
    Department of Endodontology, Temple University Kornberg School of Dentistry, 3223 NorthBroad Street, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Oral Microbiol Immunol 24:278-84. 2009
    ..In this study, we sought to detect, isolate, and describe temperate bacteriophages harbored by Enterococcus faecalis strains isolated from endodontic infections...
  11. doi Cultivation-based assessment of lysogeny among soil bacteria
    Kurt E Williamson
    Environmental Genomics Group, J Craig Venter Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Microb Ecol 56:437-47. 2008
    ..Morphological analysis revealed that four of the lysogens produced lambda-like Siphoviridae particles, whereas two produced Myoviridae particles...
  12. pmc Isolation and characterization of a virulent bacteriophage AB1 of Acinetobacter baumannii
    Hongjiang Yang
    Key Laboratory of Industrial Microbiology, Ministry of Education, PO Box 08, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, TEDA, Tianjin 300457, PR China
    BMC Microbiol 10:131. 2010
    ..In this study, we described the isolation and characterization of one virulent bacteriophage AB1 capable of specifically infecting A. baumannii...
  13. doi Morphology and general characteristics of bacteriophages infectious to Robinia pseudoacacia mesorhizobia
    Anna Turska-Szewczuk
    Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Maria Curie Skłodowska University, 19 Akademicka St, 20 033 Lublin, Poland
    Curr Microbiol 61:315-21. 2010
    ..Mlo1, with its elongated hexagonal head and a long flexible tail represented subgroup B2 bacteriophages, the Siphoviridae family...
  14. pmc Identification of tail genes in the temperate phage 16-3 of Sinorhizobium meliloti 41
    Veronika Deák
    Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Pecs, H 7601 Pecs, Hungary
    J Bacteriol 192:1617-23. 2010
    ..showed that phage 16-3 possesses an icosahedral head and a long, noncontractile tail characteristic of the Siphoviridae. By using a lysogenic S...
  15. pmc Molecular characterization and lytic activities of Streptococcus agalactiae bacteriophages and determination of lysogenic-strain features
    Anne Sophie Domelier
    Equipe d Accueil 3854, Bactéries et Risque Maternofoetal, Institut Fédératif de Recherche 136, Agents Transmissibles et Infectiologie, UFR Medecine, Universite Francois Rabelais de Tours, 37032 Tours Cedex, France
    J Bacteriol 191:4776-85. 2009
    ..On electron microscopy of the phage suspensions, it was possible to assign the phages to the Siphoviridae family, with three different morphotypes (A, B, and C)...
  16. doi Characterization of bacteriophages used in the Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis phage-typing scheme
    N De Lappe
    National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Republic of Ireland
    J Med Microbiol 58:86-93. 2009
    ..The 16 phages comprise three morphotypes, Podoviridae (SETP1, 8, 10, 14, 15 and 16), Siphoviridae (SETP3, 5, 7, 11, 12 and 13) and Myoviridae (SETP2, 4, 6 and 9)...
  17. pmc Morphology, genome sequence, and structural proteome of type phage P335 from Lactococcus lactis
    Simon J Labrie
    Department of Food Science, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:4636-44. 2008
    Lactococcus lactis phage P335 is a virulent type phage for the species that bears its name and belongs to the Siphoviridae family. Morphologically, P335 resembled the L...
  18. pmc Comparative genomics and transcriptional analysis of prophages identified in the genomes of Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus salivarius, and Lactobacillus casei
    Marco Ventura
    Department of Genetics, Anthropology and Evolution, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11 A, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:3130-46. 2006
    ..revealed that LgaI, Lca1, Sal1, and Sal2 prophages belong to the group of Sfi11-like pac site and cos site Siphoviridae, respectively...
  19. ncbi Isolation and characterization of Thermus bacteriophages
    M X Yu
    Promega Corporation, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Arch Virol 151:663-79. 2006
    ..S.A. The phages belonged to the Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, Tectiviridae, and Inoviridae families. Over 50% of isolates were isometric or filamentous...
  20. pmc FepA- and TonB-dependent bacteriophage H8: receptor binding and genomic sequence
    Wolfgang Rabsch
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, 620 Parrington Oval, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    J Bacteriol 189:5658-74. 2007
    ..Its morphology and genomic structure closely resemble those of bacteriophage T5 in the family Siphoviridae. H8 infected S...
  21. doi Wide variation in effectiveness of laboratory disinfectants against bacteriophages
    D E Halfhide
    Aerobiology Unit, DFAS, Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, North Somerset, UK
    Lett Appl Microbiol 47:608-12. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify an effective disinfectant for the inactivation of the bacteriophages (phages) being used in our laboratory, as published studies on phage inactivation are far from unanimous in their conclusions...
  22. doi In vivo efficiency evaluation of a phage cocktail in controlling severe colibacillosis in confined conditions and experimental poultry houses
    Ana Oliveira
    Department of Research and Development Controlvet, Seguranca Alimentar, S A Zona Industrial de Tondela, ZIM II, L6 Tondela, Portugal
    Vet Microbiol 146:303-8. 2010
    ..Three lytic coliphages, phi F78E (Myoviridae), phi F258E (Siphoviridae) and phi F61E (Myoviridae) were combined in a 5...
  23. doi [Virus and prophages in aquatic ecosystems]
    Télesphore Sime-Ngando
    Universite Blaise Pascal, 63177 Aubiere, France
    Can J Microbiol 55:95-109. 2009
    ..the majority being represented by phages without tails and by tailed-phages such as members of the family Siphoviridae. Both types of phages have a small capsid and a small genome size, which is considered an evolutionary ..
  24. pmc Origins of the Xylella fastidiosa prophage-like regions and their impact in genome differentiation
    Alessandro de Mello Varani
    Genome and Transposable Elements Laboratory GaTE Lab, Departamento de Botanica, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 3:e4059. 2008
    ..fastidiosa prophage-like regions are related to structural phage genes belonging to the Siphoviridae family...
  25. ncbi Molecular characterization of Vibrio harveyi bacteriophages isolated from aquaculture environments along the coast of India
    Mockshanath M Shivu
    Department of Fishery Microbiology, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, College of Fisheries, Mangalore 575 002, India
    Environ Microbiol 9:322-31. 2007
    ..Morphologically, six phages were grouped under family Siphoviridae and one under Myoviridae...
  26. ncbi Comparative genomics of phages and prophages in lactic acid bacteria
    Frank Desiere
    Nestle Research Center, Nestec Ltd, Vers chez les Blanc, CH Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 82:73-91. 2002
    ..An Sfi21-like and an Sfi11-like genus of Siphoviridae is proposed...
  27. pmc phiSITE: database of gene regulation in bacteriophages
    Lubos Klucar
    Institute of Molecular Biology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 21, 84551 Bratislava, Slovakia
    Nucleic Acids Res 38:D366-70. 2010
    ..elements (promoters, operators, terminators and attachment sites) from 32 bacteriophages belonging to Siphoviridae, Myoviridae and Podoviridae families...
  28. ncbi The use of degenerate-primed random amplification of polymorphic DNA (DP-RAPD) for strain-typing and inferring the genetic similarity among closely related viruses
    André M Comeau
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada V6T 1Z4
    J Virol Methods 118:95-100. 2004
    ..As well, marine vibriophage from the families Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, and Podoviridae showed high diversity and were distinct from coliphage and cyanophage...
  29. doi Isolation of lytic bacteriophage against Vibrio harveyi
    C Crothers-Stomps
    School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia
    J Appl Microbiol 108:1744-50. 2010
    ..The isolation of lytic bacteriophage of Vibrio harveyi with potential for phage therapy of bacterial pathogens of phyllosoma larvae from the tropical rock lobster Panulirus ornatus...
  30. ncbi Characterization of phages virulent for Sarothamnus scoparius bradyrhizobia
    Wanda Małek
    Department of General Microbiology, M Curie Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
    Curr Microbiol 51:244-9. 2005
    ..New phages were separated into two morphological families: Siphoviridae with long, noncontractile tails (PhiDl, PhiTl) and Myoviridae with long, contractile tails (PhiCYT21, PhiOS6)...
  31. doi An examination of the bacteriophages and bacteria of the Namib desert
    Eric Prestel
    Laboratoire de Génomique et Biodiversité Microbienne des Biofilms, Universite Paris Sud 11, Institut de Genetique et Microbiologie, CNRS UMR 8621, Batiment 409, 91405 Orsay, France
    J Microbiol 46:364-72. 2008
    ..microscopy revealed 20 seemingly different phage-like morphologies and sizes belonging to the Myoviridae and Siphoviridae families of tailed phages...
  32. pmc Genomic characterization of the intron-containing T7-like phage phiL7 of Xanthomonas campestris
    Chia Ni Lee
    Institute of Molecular Biology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7828-37. 2009
    The lytic phage phiL7, which morphologically belongs to the Siphoviridae family, infects Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris...
  33. doi Isolation and characterization of an extremely long tail Thermus bacteriophage from Tengchong hot springs in China
    Lianbing Lin
    Biotechnology Research Center, Kunming University of Science and Technology Kunming, China
    J Basic Microbiol 50:452-6. 2010
    ..In this research, a Thermus bacteriophage named TSP4 (Thermus Siphoviridae phage) was isolated from Tengchong hot springs in China, and characteristics of morphology, temperature for ..
  34. pmc Morphological and genetic diversity of temperate phages in Clostridium difficile
    Louis Charles Fortier
    Departement de Microbiologie et d Infectiologie, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1H 5N4
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:7358-66. 2007
    ..capsids and long contractile tails (Myoviridae family), as well as five phages with long noncontractile tails (Siphoviridae family)...
  35. doi Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages infecting Staphylococcus epidermidis
    Diana Gutiérrez
    Instituto de Productos Lacteos de Asturias IPLA CSIC, Apdo 85, 33300, Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain
    Curr Microbiol 61:601-8. 2010
    ..Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the phages were of similar size and belonged to the Siphoviridae family. Phage phi-IPLA7 had the broadest host range infecting 21 out of 65 S. epidermidis isolates...
  36. ncbi Characterization of a Leuconostoc gelidum bacteriophage from pork
    G Gordon Greer
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Lacombe Research Centre, 6000 C and E Trail, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada T4L IWl
    Int J Food Microbiol 114:370-5. 2007
    ..Electron microscopic observation revealed that phage ggg was a member of the Siphoviridae. The host range was limited to L. gelidum isolates from meats...
  37. doi Whole-genome sequencing and gene mapping of a newly isolated lytic enterococcal bacteriophage EFRM31
    Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard
    Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Arch Virol 155:1887-91. 2010
    ..The complete bacteriophage genome was determined by shotgun sequencing. EFRM31 belongs to the family Siphoviridae (order Caudovirales) and has a circular double-stranded DNA genome...
  38. pmc Isolation of a novel bacteriophage specific for the periodontal pathogen Fusobacterium nucleatum
    Pamela Machuca
    Laboratorio de Microbiologia y Biotecnologia Oral, Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad Andres Bello, Echaurren 237, Santiago, Chile
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:7243-50. 2010
    ..The morphological features and the genetic characteristics suggest that FnpΦ02 is part of the Siphoviridae family...
  39. doi Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophages isolated from Kefir grains: phenotypic and molecular characterization
    Graciela De Antoni
    Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos, Universidad National de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina
    J Dairy Res 77:7-12. 2010
    ..Both phages belonged to the Siphoviridae family (morphotype B1) and showed similar dimensions for head and tail sizes...
  40. pmc Diversity of prophages in dominant Staphylococcus aureus clonal lineages
    Christiane Goerke
    Institut für Med Mikrobiologie und Hygiene, Universitatsklinikum Tubingen, Elfriede Aulhorn Str 6, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    J Bacteriol 191:3462-8. 2009
    ..Here we established a classification scheme for staphylococcal prophages of the major Siphoviridae family based on integrase gene polymorphism...
  41. doi Characterization of 1706, a virulent phage from Lactococcus lactis with similarities to prophages from other Firmicutes
    Josiane E Garneau
    Departement de Biochimie et de Microbiologie, Faculte des sciences et de genie, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
    Virology 373:298-309. 2008
    ..isolated in 1995 from a failed cheese production in France, represents a new lactococcal phage species of the Siphoviridae family. This phage has a burst size of 160 and a latent period of 85 min...
  42. pmc Complete genomic sequence of bacteriophage phiEcoM-GJ1, a novel phage that has myovirus morphology and a podovirus-like RNA polymerase
    Nidham Jamalludeen
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:516-25. 2008
    ..nine with proteins of phages of the family Podoviridae, and six with proteins of phages of the family Siphoviridae. ORF 1 encoded a T7-like single-subunit RNA polymerase and was preceded by a putative E...
  43. ncbi [Isolation and characterization of a Thermus bacteriophage lytic from Tengchong Rehai Hot Spring lytic]
    Wei Hong
    Biotechnology Research Center, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650224
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 50:322-7. 2010
    ..Genus Thermus represents an ancient descendant within the domain of Bacteria. This research was focused on the isolation and characterization of Thermus bacteriophages from Tengchong Reihai hot spring...
  44. ncbi Detection and characterization of a lytic Pediococcus bacteriophage from the fermenting cucumber brine
    Sung Sik Yoon
    Department of Biological Resources and Technology, Yonsei University, Wonju 220 710, Korea
    J Microbiol Biotechnol 17:262-70. 2007
    ..Overall appearance indicated that it belongs to the Siphoviridae family or Bradley's group B1, with a small isometric head and a flexible noncontractile tail with swollen base ..
  45. ncbi Characterization of a lytic Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage and molecular cloning of a lysin gene in Escherichia coli
    S S Yoon
    Department of Biological Resources and Technology, College of Arts and Sciences, Yonsei University, Wonju, Kangwon Do, South Korea
    Int J Food Microbiol 65:63-74. 2001
    ..a non-contractile tail (260 nm long and 9-11 nm wide), indicating that it belongs to Bradley's group B or the Siphoviridae family according to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). The bouyant density was 1...
  46. ncbi Therapeutic effects of bacteriophages against Salmonella gallinarum infection in chickens
    Sung Sik Hong
    Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yong In 449 791, Republic of Korea
    J Microbiol Biotechnol 23:1478-83. 2013
    ..They were further tested for their in vivo efficacy in phage therapy. All three phages belong to the Siphoviridae family with isometric heads and non-contractile tails...
  47. doi Characterization and genome sequencing of a novel bacteriophage infecting Streptococcus agalactiae with high similarity to a phage from Streptococcus pyogenes
    Qinqin Bai
    Key Lab of Animal Bacteriology, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    Arch Virol 158:1733-41. 2013
    ..The phage morphology showed that JX01 belongs to the family Siphoviridae, and this phage demonstrated a broad host range...
  48. doi Complete nucleotide sequence of Bacillus subtilis (natto) bacteriophage PM1, a phage associated with disruption of food production
    Kenichi Umene
    Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Faculty of Human Environmental Science, Fukuoka Woman s University, Fukuoka, 813 8529, Japan
    Virus Genes 46:524-34. 2013
    ..In a previous study, PM1 was classified morphologically into the family Siphoviridae, and its genome, comprising approximately 50 kbp of linear double-stranded DNA, was assumed to be circularly ..
  49. ncbi Ten new temperate bacteriophages of Citrobacter youngae
    J Smarda
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, 662 43 Brno, Czechia
    Folia Microbiol (Praha) 49:671-8. 2004
    ..The phages belong to the morphotypes of Myoviridae (6 phages) and Siphoviridae (4 phages), with head diameters of 51-58 nm and tail length of 97-173 nm...
  50. pmc Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage LP65: a new member of the SPO1-like genus of the family Myoviridae
    Sandra Chibani-Chennoufi
    Nestle Research Centre, CH 1000 Lausanne, 26 Vers chez les Blanc, Switzerland
    J Bacteriol 186:7069-83. 2004
    ..The putative tail sheath protein showed a shear-induced change in electrophoretic migration behavior. The genome organization of the structural module in LP65 resembled that of Siphoviridae from the lambda supergroup.
  51. ncbi The prophages of Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533: comparative genomics and transcription analysis
    Marco Ventura
    Nestle Research Center, Nestec Ltd, CH 1026 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Virology 320:229-42. 2004
    ..The 38- and 40-kb-long prophages Lj928 and Lj965 represent distinct lineages of Sfi11-like pac-site Siphoviridae unrelated at the DNA sequence level...
  52. doi Genome sequence of a novel deep-sea vent epsilonproteobacterial phage provides new insight into the co-evolution of Epsilonproteobacteria and their phages
    Yukari Yoshida-Takashima
    Subsurface Geobiology Advanced Research SUGAR Team, Extremobiosphere Research Program, Institute of Biogeosciences, Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology JAMSTEC, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 237 0061, Japan
    Extremophiles 17:405-19. 2013
    ..NrS-1 belongs to the family Siphoviridae, but its sequence and genomic organization are distinct from those of any other previously known Siphoviridae ..
  53. doi Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages specific to hydrogen-sulfide-producing bacteria
    Chao Gong
    Department of Food, Nutrition and Packaging Sciences, Clemson University, D239 P and A Building, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
    Can J Microbiol 59:39-45. 2013
    ..observation of 9 phages selected for the phage cocktail revealed that 6 phages belonged to the family of Siphoviridae and 3 belonged to the Myoviridae family...
  54. pmc The Staphylococci phages family: an overview
    Marie Deghorain
    Laboratoire de Génétique et Physiologie Bactérienne, Faculte de Sciences, IBMM, Universite Libre de Bruxelles ULB, Gosselies, B 6141, Belgium
    Viruses 4:3316-35. 2012
    ..level, all these phages characterized so far belong to the Caudovirales order and are mainly temperate Siphoviridae. At the molecular level, comparative genomics revealed an extensive mosaicism, with genes organized into ..
  55. pmc Characterization of the Burkholderia thailandensis SOS response by using whole-transcriptome shotgun sequencing
    Ricky L Ulrich
    Integrated Toxicology Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases USAMRIID, Fort Detrick, Maryland, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 79:5830-43. 2013
    ..thailandensis genomic island encoding a Siphoviridae bacteriophage designated E264. Using B. thailandensis plaque assays and PCR with B...
  56. pmc Genomic organization and molecular characterization of SM1, a temperate bacteriophage of Streptococcus mitis
    Ian R Siboo
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of California, San Francisco, California 94121, USA
    J Bacteriol 185:6968-75. 2003
    ..These findings indicate that SM1 may be part of a discrete subfamily of the Siphoviridae that includes at least phages r1t of Lactococcus lactis and SF370.3 of Streptococcus pyogenes.
  57. pmc Structural characterization and assembly of the distal tail structure of the temperate lactococcal bacteriophage TP901-1
    Christina S Vegge
    Department of Food Science, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Rolighedsvej 30, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    J Bacteriol 187:4187-97. 2005
    ..The temperate Lactococcus lactis phage TP901-1 of the Siphoviridae family has a long noncontractile tail with a distal baseplate...
  58. pmc Prevention of Gordonia and Nocardia stabilized foam formation by using bacteriophage GTE7
    Steve Petrovski
    Biotechnology Research Centre, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria 3552, Australia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:7864-7. 2011
    ..These are often stabilized by hydrophobic mycolic acid-synthesizing actinobacterial species. A polyvalent Siphoviridae phage, GTE7, which lysed several Gordonia and Nocardia species, is described here...
  59. ncbi 5500 Phages examined in the electron microscope
    H W Ackermann
    Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Felix d Herelle Reference Center for Bacterial Viruses, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
    Arch Virol 152:227-43. 2007
    ..Of the tailed phages, 61% have long, noncontractile tails and belong to the family Siphoviridae. Convergent evolution is visible in the morphology of certain phage groups.
  60. ncbi Prophages of Staphylococcus aureus Newman and their contribution to virulence
    Taeok Bae
    Department of Microbiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Mol Microbiol 62:1035-47. 2006
    ..phiNM1, phiNM2 and phiNM4, members of the siphoviridae family, insert at different sites (poiA, downstream of isdB and geh) in the staphylococcal chromosome...
  61. doi Isolation and identification of bacteriophages infecting ayu Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis specific Flavobacterium psychrophilum
    Ji Hyung Kim
    Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Republic of Korea
    Vet Microbiol 140:109-15. 2010
    ..phages isolated were classified as members of Myoviridae (PFpW-3, PFpC-Y), Podoviridae (PFpW-6, PFpW-7), and Siphoviridae (PFpW-8) and had highly variable patterns of infectivity for different F. psychrophilum isolates (n=128)...
  62. pmc Bacteriophage ecology in commercial sauerkraut fermentations
    Z Lu
    Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 7624, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:3192-202. 2003
    ..They belonged to the family Myoviridae or Siphoviridae and showed distinct host ranges and DNA fingerprints...
  63. doi Isolation and characterization of five lytic bacteriophages infecting a Vibrio strain closely related to Vibrio owensii
    Yan Ping Yu
    Key Laboratory of Marine Biogenetic Resources, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen, China Marine Biology Institute, Shantou University, Shantou, China
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 348:112-9. 2013
    ..All phages were found to belong to the family Siphoviridae with long noncontractile tails and terminal fibers...
  64. pmc Genome characteristics of a novel phage from Bacillus thuringiensis showing high similarity with phage from Bacillus cereus
    Yihui Yuan
    Key Laboratory of Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 7:e37557. 2012
    ..cereus. Several genomes of phages originating from this group had been sequenced, but no genome of Siphoviridae phage from B. thuringiensis has been reported...
  65. pmc Visualizing a complete Siphoviridae member by single-particle electron microscopy: the structure of lactococcal phage TP901-1
    Cecilia Bebeacua
    Division of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London, United Kingdom
    J Virol 87:1061-8. 2013
    ..Finally, we propose that host adsorption apparatus architectures have evolved in correlation with the nature of the receptors used during infection...
  66. pmc Characterization and genomic analysis of two Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophages isolated from poultry/livestock farms
    Hyunjin Yoon
    Department of Food Technology and Services, College of Health Industry, Eulji University, Seongnam 461 713, Korea
    J Gen Virol 94:2569-76. 2013
    ..Both SP5 and SP6 were classified as members of the family Siphoviridae. The genome of SP5 comprises 43 305 bp and contains 63 ORFs, while the SP6 genome comprises 42 902 bp and ..
  67. pmc Crystallization of the C-terminal domain of the bacteriophage T5 L-shaped fibre
    Carmela Garcia-Doval
    Departamento de Estructura de Macromoléculas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia CNB CSIC, Calle Darwin 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun 69:1363-7. 2013
    Tails of bacteriophage T5 (a member of the Siphoviridae family) were studied by electron microscopy...
  68. pmc Identification of the lower baseplate protein as the antireceptor of the temperate lactococcal bacteriophages TP901-1 and Tuc2009
    Christina S Vegge
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Stigbøjlen 4, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    J Bacteriol 188:55-63. 2006
    ..The temperate Lactococcus lactis phage TP901-1 belongs to the P335 species of the Siphoviridae family, which also includes the related phage Tuc2009...
  69. ncbi Induction and preliminary characterization of a novel halophage SNJ1 from lysogenic Natrinema sp. F5
    Yunjun Mei
    State Key Laboratory of Virology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    Can J Microbiol 53:1106-10. 2007
    ..has a head of about 67 nm in diameter and a tail of 570 nm in length and belongs morphologically to the family Siphoviridae. The phage is strongly salt dependent; NaCl concentration affects the integrity of SNJ1, phage adsorption, and ..
  70. pmc Classification of lytic bacteriophages attacking dairy Leuconostoc starter strains
    Yahya Ali
    Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Max Rubner Institut, Kiel, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 79:3628-36. 2013
    ..pseudomesenteroides phages, 12 Ln. mesenteroides phages). All phages belonged to the Siphoviridae family of phages with isometric heads (diameter, 55 nm) and noncontractile tails (length, 140 nm)...
  71. pmc Cluster J mycobacteriophages: intron splicing in capsid and tail genes
    Welkin H Pope
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e69273. 2013
    ..The six mycobacteriophages forming Cluster J are morphologically members of the Siphoviridae, but have unusually long genomes ranging from 106.3 to 117 kbp...
  72. doi Development and application of a method for the purification of free shigatoxigenic bacteriophage from environmental samples
    David J Rooks
    Microbiology Research Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, United Kingdom
    J Microbiol Methods 91:240-5. 2012
    ..The remaining 6 phages possessed long tails, four of which appeared to be contractile in nature (Myoviridae) and two of which were morphologically very similar to bacteriophage lambda (Siphoviridae).
  73. doi Safety analysis of a Russian phage cocktail: from metagenomic analysis to oral application in healthy human subjects
    Shawna McCallin
    Nestle Research Centre, Nestec Ltd, Vers chez les Blanc, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Virology 443:187-96. 2013
    ..types, including 7 genera of Podoviridae, 2 established and 2 proposed genera of Myoviridae, and 2 genera of Siphoviridae. De novo assembly yielded 7 contigs greater than 30 kb, including a 147-kb Myovirus genome and a 42-kb genome ..
  74. doi Existence of lysogenic bacteriophages in Bacillus thuringiensis type strains
    Jong Yul Roh
    Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Republic of Korea
    J Invertebr Pathol 113:228-31. 2013
    ..Their morphological characteristic suggests that they belong to Family Siphoviridae which had a long tail and symmetrical head.
  75. doi Phage-antibiotic synergism: a possible approach to combatting Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Petar Knezevic
    Department of Biology and Ecology, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 2, Novi Sad, Vojvodina, Serbia
    Res Microbiol 164:55-60. 2013
    ..aeruginosa-specific bacteriophages belonging to families Podoviridae and Siphoviridae. The time-kill curve method showed that a combination of bacteriophages and subinhibitory concentrations of ..
  76. pmc Characterization of novel phages isolated in coagulase-negative staphylococci reveals evolutionary relationships with Staphylococcus aureus phages
    Marie Deghorain
    Laboratoire de Génétique et Physiologie Bactérienne, Faculte de Sciences, IBMM, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Gosselies, Belgium
    J Bacteriol 194:5829-39. 2012
    ..We isolated and sequenced three novel temperate Siphoviridae phages (StB12, StB27, and StB20) from the CoNS Staphylococcus hominis and S. capitis species...
  77. doi Isolation and characterisation of lytic bacteriophages of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca
    Natia Karumidze
    Eliava Institute of Bacteriophages, Microbiology and Virology, Tbilisi, Georgia
    Curr Microbiol 66:251-8. 2013
    ..reported in this study are double-stranded DNA bacterial viruses belonging to the families Podoviridae and Siphoviridae. One or more of the six phages was capable of efficiently lysing ~63 % of Klebsiella strains comprising a ..
  78. ncbi Fighting foam with phages?
    J A Thomas
    Biotechnology Research Centre, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
    Water Sci Technol 46:511-8. 2002
    ..Their morphology indicated that they were all members of the viral family Siphoviridae, but they varied in the size of the icosahedral head and length of non-contractile tail, suggesting they were ..
  79. doi Genome sequence and characterization of a Rhodococcus equi phage REQ1
    Steve Petrovski
    La Trobe Institute for Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Vic, Australia
    Virus Genes 46:588-90. 2013
    ..A novel Siphoviridae bacteriophage (REQ1) lytic in R. equi was isolated and characterized...
  80. ncbi Complete genomic sequence of the virulent bacteriophage RAP44 of Riemerella anatipestifer
    Long Fei Cheng
    Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou 350013, Fujian Province, People s Republic of China
    Avian Dis 56:321-7. 2012
    A virulent Riemerella anatipestifer bacteriophage, RAP44, belonging to the Siphoviridae family of tailed phages, was previously isolated from feces of healthy Muscovy ducks in China...
  81. pmc Elevated enterotoxin A expression and formation in Staphylococcus aureus and its association with prophage induction
    Rong Cao
    Applied Microbiology, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:4942-8. 2012
    ..Furthermore, differences in nucleotide sequence in the Siphoviridae phage region showed two clonal lineages of the high-SEA-producing strains...
  82. doi Genome sequence of temperate bacteriophage Psymv2 from Antarctic Dry Valley soil isolate Psychrobacter sp. MV2
    Tracy L Meiring
    Institute for Microbial Biotechnology and Metagenomics, University of the Western Cape, Office 2117, Level 2 Life Sciences Building, Modderdam Rd, Bellville 7535, South Africa
    Extremophiles 16:715-26. 2012
    ..MV2. The morphology of Psymv2 was typical of the Siphoviridae, with an isometric head and non-contractile tail...
  83. pmc Complete genome sequence of bacteriophage BC-611 specifically infecting Enterococcus faecalis strain NP-10011
    Tomohiro Horiuchi
    Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, Nichinichi Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Mie, Japan
    J Virol 86:9538-9. 2012
    ..We isolated a virulent Siphoviridae bacteriophage, BC-611, specifically infecting E. faecalis strain NP-10011 but not infecting other E...
  84. pmc Complete genome sequence of Caulobacter crescentus bacteriophage φCbK
    Gaël Panis
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    J Virol 86:10234-5. 2012
    CbK is a B3 morphotype bacteriophage of the Siphoviridae family that infects Caulobacter crescentus, the preeminent model system for bacterial cell cycle studies...
  85. pmc Genomic, proteomic and physiological characterization of a T5-like bacteriophage for control of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7
    Yan D Niu
    Lethbridge Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e34585. 2012
    ..Bacteriophage vB_EcoS_AKFV33 (AKFV33), a T5-like phage of Siphoviridae lysed common phage types of STEC O157:H7 and not non-O157 E. coli...
  86. pmc Complete genome sequence of enterococcal bacteriophage SAP6
    Young Duck Lee
    Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Gachon University, Sungnam si, Kyunggi Do, South Korea
    J Virol 86:5402-3. 2012
    ..faecalis, we isolated a virulent enterococcal bacteriophage, SAP6, belonging to the family Siphoviridae. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report the complete genome sequence of bacteriophage SAP6, which ..
  87. pmc Complete genome sequence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium bacteriophage SPN3UB
    Ju Hoon Lee
    Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology and Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
    J Virol 86:3404-5. 2012
    ..This phage belongs morphologically to the Siphoviridae family and infects the host via the O antigen of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
  88. doi Virus removal in ceramic depth filters based on diatomaceous earth
    Benjamin Michen
    Laboratory for High Performance Ceramics, Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 129, 8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 46:1170-7. 2012
    ..However, a larger-sized, tailed bacteriophage of the family Siphoviridae was removed by log 2 to 3, which is explained by postulating hydrophobic interactions.
  89. pmc Complete genome sequence of a novel marine siphovirus, pVp-1, infecting Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    Ji Hyung Kim
    Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    J Virol 86:7013-4. 2012
    ..Here we report the complete genome sequence of Vibrio phage pVP-1, which belongs to the family Siphoviridae and infects Vibrio parahaemolyticus ATCC 33844.
  90. pmc First complete genome sequence of two Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteriophages
    Anu Daniel
    Laboratory of Bacterial Pathogenesis and Immunology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    J Bacteriol 189:2086-100. 2007
    ..epidermidis phages, phiPH15 (PH15) and phiCNPH82 (CNPH82). Both phages belonged to the Siphoviridae family and produced stable lysogens...
  91. ncbi Diversity of temperate bacteriophages induced in bovine and ovine Mannheimia haemolytica isolates and identification of a new P2-like phage
    Robert L Davies
    Division of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Glasgow Biomedical Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 260:162-70. 2006
    ..glucosida and one (25%) P. trehalosi isolate. The M. haemolytica phages were relatively diverse as seven Siphoviridae, 15 Myoviridae and two Podoviridae-like phages were identified; the Myoviridae-type phages also exhibited ..
  92. ncbi A group I intron in the terminase gene of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis phage LL-H
    M Mikkonen
    Department of Genetics, University of Oulu, Finland
    Microbiology 141:2183-90. 1995
    ..bacteria and the first one to be found in a phage belonging to the most abundant taxonomic group, group B or Siphoviridae. The LL-H intron interrupts gene terL, the product of which (50...
  93. pmc Genome sequence and analysis of a Propionibacterium acnes bacteriophage
    Mark D Farrar
    Skin Research Centre, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Bacteriol 189:4161-7. 2007
    ..PA6 possesses an icosahedreal head and long noncontractile tail characteristic of the Siphoviridae. The overall genome organization of PA6 resembled that of the temperate mycobacteriophages, although the genome ..
  94. ncbi Phage diversity in a methanogenic digester
    M O Park
    Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, Marine Biotechnology Institute, Kamaishi, Iwate, 026 0001, Japan
    Microb Ecol 53:98-103. 2007
    ..A production rate of the PLPs was estimated at least 5.2 x 10(7) PLPs day-1 L-1. TEM and FIGE showed that a variety of phages were produced in the digester, including those affiliated with Siphoviridae, Myoviridae, and Cystoviridae.
  95. ncbi [Biology of two lysogenic phages from Bacillus thuringiensis MZ1]
    Wei Liao
    State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Sun Yat Sen Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 47:92-7. 2007
    ..They belonged to family Siphoviridae, which had icosahedral heads (MZTP01 :82nm x 85nm; MZTP02: 75nm x 55nm) and long tails (MZTP01: 220nm x 18nm; ..
  96. doi Sequence analysis of the Lactobacillus temperate phage Sha1
    Bo Hyun Yoon
    College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 5 1 Anam dong, Sungbuk Gu, Seoul, Korea
    Arch Virol 156:1681-4. 2011
    ..Sha1 can be classified as a member of the large family Siphoviridae by genomic structure and morphology...
  97. pmc Complete genome sequence of Bacillus cereus bacteriophage BCP78
    Ju Hoon Lee
    Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, South Korea
    J Virol 86:637-8. 2012
    ..To develop a novel biocontrol agent to inhibit this pathogen, bacteriophage BCP78 belonging to the Siphoviridae family was isolated from a fermented food sample...
  98. doi Characterization of four lytic transducing bacteriophages of luminescent Vibrio harveyi isolated from shrimp (Penaeus monodon) hatcheries
    Sanjeevi Thiyagarajan
    Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Raja Annamalai Puram, Chennai, India
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 325:85-91. 2011
    ..head of 60-115 nm size with a long, noncontractile tail of 130-329 × 1-17 nm, belonged to the family Siphoviridae. φVh3 had an icosahedral head (72 ± 5 nm) with a short tail (27 × 12 nm) and belonged to Podoviridae...
  99. pmc Genome sequences and characterization of the related Gordonia phages GTE5 and GRU1 and their use as potential biocontrol agents
    Steve Petrovski
    La Trobe Institute for Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:42-7. 2012
    ..Phage GRU1 also propagates on Nocardia nova. Both phages belong to the family Siphoviridae and have similar-size icosahedral heads that encapsulate double-stranded DNA genomes (∼65 kb)...
  100. pmc Small but sufficient: the Rhodococcus phage RRH1 has the smallest known Siphoviridae genome at 14.2 kilobases
    Steve Petrovski
    La Trobe Institute for Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Victoria 3552, Australia
    J Virol 86:358-63. 2012
    Bacteriophages are considered to be the most abundant biological entities on the planet. The Siphoviridae are the most commonly encountered tailed phages and contain double-stranded DNA with an average genome size of ∼50 kb...
  101. pmc Anatomy of a lactococcal phage tail
    Stephen Mc Grath
    Department of Microbiology, National University of Ireland, Cork, Ireland
    J Bacteriol 188:3972-82. 2006
    Bacteriophages of the Siphoviridae family utilize a long noncontractile tail to recognize, adsorb to, and inject DNA into their bacterial host...