Viruses

Summary

Alias: viruses, Vira, Viridae

Top Publications

  1. Bari F, Parida S, Asfor A, Haydon D, Reeve R, Paton D, et al. Prediction and characterization of novel epitopes of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in East Africa using site-directed mutagenesis. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1033-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous work focused on viruses isolated mainly from Asia, Europe and Latin America...
  2. Liu L, Lear Z, Hughes D, Wu W, Zhou E, Whitehouse A, et al. Resolution of the cellular proteome of the nucleocapsid protein from a highly pathogenic isolate of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus identifies PARP-1 as a cellular target whose interaction is critical for virus biology. Vet Microbiol. 2015;176:109-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Serial growth of PRRSV in different concentrations of 3-AB did not yield viruses that were able to grow with wild type kinetics, suggesting that by targeting a cellular protein crucial for virus ..
  3. Prabhakaran R, Chithambaram S, Xia X. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus phages: effect of translation initiation efficiency on differential codon adaptation mediated by virulent and temperate lifestyles. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1169-79 pubmed publisher
    Rapid biosynthesis is key to the success of bacteria and viruses. Highly expressed genes in bacteria exhibit a strong codon bias corresponding to the differential availability of tRNAs...
  4. Benfield C, Smith S, Wright E, Wash R, Ferrara F, Temperton N, et al. Bat and pig IFN-induced transmembrane protein 3 restrict cell entry by influenza virus and lyssaviruses. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:991-1005 pubmed publisher
    IFN-induced transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) is a restriction factor that blocks cytosolic entry of numerous viruses that utilize acidic endosomal entry pathways...
  5. Ao Y, Li X, Li L, Xie X, Jin D, Yu J, et al. Two novel bocaparvovirus species identified in wild Himalayan marmots. Sci China Life Sci. 2017;60:1348-1356 pubmed publisher
    Bocaparvovirus (BOV) is a genetically diverse group of DNA viruses and a possible cause of respiratory, enteric, and neurological diseases in humans and animals...
  6. Gamoh K, Nakamura S. Introduction of an update system for vaccine strains of veterinary influenza vaccines in Japan. Biologicals. 2015;43:150-2 pubmed publisher
    ..to the strains of stockpiled AI vaccines and that the EI vaccine strains did not need to be changed, but that the clade 2 viruses of the Florida sub-lineage strain, A/equine/Yokohama/aq13/2010(H3N8) was added to the EI vaccine strain.
  7. Lee J, Tseng C, Wu Y, Kaushik Basu N, Lin C, Chen W, et al. Characterization of the activity of 2'-C-methylcytidine against dengue virus replication. Antiviral Res. 2015;116:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Nucleoside inhibitors targeting viral polymerase have proved promising for the development of drugs against viruses. In this study, we report a nucleoside analog, 2'-C-methylcytidine (2CMC), which exerts potent anti-DENV activity ..
  8. Mäntynen S, Laanto E, Kohvakka A, Poranen M, Bamford J, Ravantti J. New enveloped dsRNA phage from freshwater habitat. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1180-9 pubmed publisher
    ..more conserved than those exposed on the virion surface, a phenomenon previously reported among eukaryotic dsRNA viruses. Structural models of several putative Ï•NN proteins propose that cystoviral structures are highly conserved.
  9. Miller M. The early years of retroviral protease crystal structures. Biopolymers. 2010;94:521-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, only minute amounts of PR were present in the HIV-1 and HIV-2 viruses, and initial attempts to express this protein in bacteria were not successful...
  10. García Villada L, Drake J. Mutational clusters generated by non-processive polymerases: A case study using DNA polymerase betain vitro. DNA Repair (Amst). 2010;9:871-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Excess multiples have been reported not only for viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic cells but also for the DNA polymerases of phages T4 and RB69 in vitro...

Detail Information

Publications246 found, 100 shown here

  1. Bari F, Parida S, Asfor A, Haydon D, Reeve R, Paton D, et al. Prediction and characterization of novel epitopes of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in East Africa using site-directed mutagenesis. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1033-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous work focused on viruses isolated mainly from Asia, Europe and Latin America...
  2. Liu L, Lear Z, Hughes D, Wu W, Zhou E, Whitehouse A, et al. Resolution of the cellular proteome of the nucleocapsid protein from a highly pathogenic isolate of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus identifies PARP-1 as a cellular target whose interaction is critical for virus biology. Vet Microbiol. 2015;176:109-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Serial growth of PRRSV in different concentrations of 3-AB did not yield viruses that were able to grow with wild type kinetics, suggesting that by targeting a cellular protein crucial for virus ..
  3. Prabhakaran R, Chithambaram S, Xia X. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus phages: effect of translation initiation efficiency on differential codon adaptation mediated by virulent and temperate lifestyles. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1169-79 pubmed publisher
    Rapid biosynthesis is key to the success of bacteria and viruses. Highly expressed genes in bacteria exhibit a strong codon bias corresponding to the differential availability of tRNAs...
  4. Benfield C, Smith S, Wright E, Wash R, Ferrara F, Temperton N, et al. Bat and pig IFN-induced transmembrane protein 3 restrict cell entry by influenza virus and lyssaviruses. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:991-1005 pubmed publisher
    IFN-induced transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) is a restriction factor that blocks cytosolic entry of numerous viruses that utilize acidic endosomal entry pathways...
  5. Ao Y, Li X, Li L, Xie X, Jin D, Yu J, et al. Two novel bocaparvovirus species identified in wild Himalayan marmots. Sci China Life Sci. 2017;60:1348-1356 pubmed publisher
    Bocaparvovirus (BOV) is a genetically diverse group of DNA viruses and a possible cause of respiratory, enteric, and neurological diseases in humans and animals...
  6. Gamoh K, Nakamura S. Introduction of an update system for vaccine strains of veterinary influenza vaccines in Japan. Biologicals. 2015;43:150-2 pubmed publisher
    ..to the strains of stockpiled AI vaccines and that the EI vaccine strains did not need to be changed, but that the clade 2 viruses of the Florida sub-lineage strain, A/equine/Yokohama/aq13/2010(H3N8) was added to the EI vaccine strain.
  7. Lee J, Tseng C, Wu Y, Kaushik Basu N, Lin C, Chen W, et al. Characterization of the activity of 2'-C-methylcytidine against dengue virus replication. Antiviral Res. 2015;116:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Nucleoside inhibitors targeting viral polymerase have proved promising for the development of drugs against viruses. In this study, we report a nucleoside analog, 2'-C-methylcytidine (2CMC), which exerts potent anti-DENV activity ..
  8. Mäntynen S, Laanto E, Kohvakka A, Poranen M, Bamford J, Ravantti J. New enveloped dsRNA phage from freshwater habitat. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1180-9 pubmed publisher
    ..more conserved than those exposed on the virion surface, a phenomenon previously reported among eukaryotic dsRNA viruses. Structural models of several putative Ï•NN proteins propose that cystoviral structures are highly conserved.
  9. Miller M. The early years of retroviral protease crystal structures. Biopolymers. 2010;94:521-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, only minute amounts of PR were present in the HIV-1 and HIV-2 viruses, and initial attempts to express this protein in bacteria were not successful...
  10. García Villada L, Drake J. Mutational clusters generated by non-processive polymerases: A case study using DNA polymerase betain vitro. DNA Repair (Amst). 2010;9:871-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Excess multiples have been reported not only for viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic cells but also for the DNA polymerases of phages T4 and RB69 in vitro...
  11. Medici M, Tummolo F, Bonica M, Heylen E, Zeller M, Calderaro A, et al. Genetic diversity in three bovine-like human G8P[14] and G10P[14] rotaviruses suggests independent interspecies transmission events. J Gen Virol. 2015;96:1161-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The history of these strains probably involved the interspecies transmission of these viruses to humans from an as-yet-unidentified animal host, without evidence of reassortment events involving human RVAs...
  12. Kozlov M, McMahon H, Chernomordik L. Protein-driven membrane stresses in fusion and fission. Trends Biochem Sci. 2010;35:699-706 pubmed publisher
    ..Exocytosis and endocytosis, mitochondrial fusion and fission, entry of enveloped viruses into host cells and release of the newly assembled virions, cell-to-cell fusion and cell division, and budding ..
  13. Koonin E, Starokadomskyy P. Are viruses alive? The replicator paradigm sheds decisive light on an old but misguided question. Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2016;59:125-34 pubmed publisher
    The question whether or not "viruses are alive" has caused considerable debate over many years...
  14. Hurley J. The ESCRT complexes. Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;45:463-87 pubmed publisher
    ..membrane proteins; biogenesis of the lysosome and the yeast vacuole; the budding of most membrane enveloped viruses; the membrane abscission step in cytokinesis; macroautophagy; and several other processes...
  15. Gupta R, Kohli A, McCormick A, Towers G, Pillay D, Parry C. Full-length HIV-1 Gag determines protease inhibitor susceptibility within in vitro assays. AIDS. 2010;24:1651-5 pubmed
    ..We wished to assess the contribution of full-length Gag to protease inhibitor susceptibility in viruses unexposed to protease inhibitors, in particular from the most common HIV-1 subtypes, namely subtype A and C...
  16. Geisbert T, Bausch D, Feldmann H. Prospects for immunisation against Marburg and Ebola viruses. Rev Med Virol. 2010;20:344-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The rVSV-based vaccine has also shown utility when administered for postexposure prophylaxis against filovirus infections. A VSV-based Ebola vaccine was recently used to manage a potential laboratory exposure. ..
  17. Maximova O, Murphy B, Pletnev A. High-throughput automated image analysis of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration enables quantitative assessment of virus neurovirulence. Vaccine. 2010;28:8315-26 pubmed publisher
    Historically, the safety of live attenuated vaccine candidates against neurotropic viruses was assessed by semi-quantitative analysis of virus-induced histopathology in the central nervous system of monkeys...
  18. Newton A, Cardani A, Braciale T. The host immune response in respiratory virus infection: balancing virus clearance and immunopathology. Semin Immunopathol. 2016;38:471-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The continuing threat posed by pandemic influenza as well as the emergence of novel respiratory viruses also capable of producing severe acute lung injury such as SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and enterovirus D68, highlights ..
  19. Saunders K, Pegu A, Georgiev I, Zeng M, Joyce M, Yang Z, et al. Sustained Delivery of a Broadly Neutralizing Antibody in Nonhuman Primates Confers Long-Term Protection against Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. J Virol. 2015;89:5895-903 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, passive antibody transfer can provide durable protection against infection by viruses that cause AIDS in primates.
  20. Luethy L, Erickson A, Jesudhasan P, Ikizler M, Dermody T, Pfeiffer J. Comparison of three neurotropic viruses reveals differences in viral dissemination to the central nervous system. Virology. 2016;487:1-10 pubmed publisher
    Neurotropic viruses initiate infection in peripheral tissues prior to entry into the central nervous system (CNS). However, mechanisms of dissemination are not completely understood...
  21. Li Y, Banerjee S, Wang Y, Goldstein S, Dong B, Gaughan C, et al. Activation of RNase L is dependent on OAS3 expression during infection with diverse human viruses. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113:2241-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Upon transfection with poly(rI):poly(rC), a synthetic surrogate for viral dsRNA, or infection with each of four viruses from different groups (West Nile virus, Sindbis virus, influenza virus, or vaccinia virus), OAS1-KO and OAS2-KO ..
  22. Ekanayake E, Fu R, Cross T. Structural Influences: Cholesterol, Drug, and Proton Binding to Full-Length Influenza A M2 Protein. Biophys J. 2016;110:1391-9 pubmed publisher
    ..a proton-selective channel and facilitator of viral budding, replacing the need for the ESCRT proteins that other viruses utilize...
  23. O Grady K, Hall K, Sloots T, Anderson J, Chang A. Upper airway viruses and bacteria in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Brisbane, Australia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:245 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to describe the prevalence of upper airway viruses and bacteria in symptomatic and asymptomatic urban-based Australian Indigenous children aged less than 5 years...
  24. Valkó A, Biksi I, Cságola A, Tuboly T, Kiss K, Ursu K, et al. Porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus with a recombinant S gene detected in Hungary, 2016. Acta Vet Hung. 2017;65:253-261 pubmed publisher
    ..The sequence PEDV HUN/5031/2016 showed high identity with recently reported European viruses. Differences were found mostly in the S gene, where recombination was detected with a newly identified and ..
  25. MacLachlan N, Osburn B. Teratogenic bluetongue and related orbivirus infections in pregnant ruminant livestock: timing and pathogen genetics are critical. Curr Opin Virol. 2017;27:31-35 pubmed publisher
    Congenital infections of domestic animals with viruses in several families, including Bunyaviridae, Flaviridae, Parvoviridae, and Reoviridae, are the cause of naturally occurring teratogenic central nervous system and/or musculoskeletal ..
  26. Gauci P, McAllister J, Mitchell I, Boyle D, Bulach D, Weir R, et al. Genomic characterisation of three Mapputta group viruses, a serogroup of Australian and Papua New Guinean bunyaviruses associated with human disease. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0116561 pubmed publisher
    The Mapputta serogroup tentatively contains the mosquito-associated viruses Mapputta, Maprik, Trubanaman and Gan Gan...
  27. Pereira Carvalho R, Díaz Pendón J, Fonseca M, Boiteux L, Fernández Muñoz R, Moriones E, et al. Recessive Resistance Derived from Tomato cv. Tyking-Limits Drastically the Spread of Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus. Viruses. 2015;7:2518-33 pubmed publisher
    ..TYLCD is associated with a complex of single-stranded circular DNA plant viruses of the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae) transmitted by the whitefy Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: ..
  28. Ferrer Orta C, Ferrero D, Verdaguer N. RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerases of Picornaviruses: From the Structure to Regulatory Mechanisms. Viruses. 2015;7:4438-60 pubmed publisher
    RNA viruses typically encode their own RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) to ensure genome replication within the infected cells. RdRP function is critical not only for the virus life cycle but also for its adaptive potential...
  29. Sluis Cremer N. Therapeutic Approaches to Eradicate Latent HIV-1 in Resting CD4+ T Cells. Curr Top Med Chem. 2016;16:1191-7 pubmed
    ..On discontinuation of cART, these viruses can reactivate and lead to waves of de novo infection events...
  30. Kong W, Wang F, Dong B, Ou C, Meng D, Liu J, et al. Novel reassortant influenza viruses between pandemic (H1N1) 2009 and other influenza viruses pose a risk to public health. Microb Pathog. 2015;89:62-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Novel reassortant virus may pose a pandemic among humans. In history, three human pandemic influenza viruses were caused by genetic reassortment between avian, human and swine influenza viruses...
  31. Roberts R, Zhang J, Mayberry L, Tatineni S, Browning K, Rakotondrafara A. A Unique 5' Translation Element Discovered in Triticum Mosaic Virus. J Virol. 2015;89:12427-40 pubmed publisher
    Several plant viruses encode elements at the 5' end of their RNAs, which, unlike most cellular mRNAs, can initiate translation in the absence of a 5' m7GpppG cap...
  32. Lin C, Lee C, Lin S, Huang P, Li H, Chang Y, et al. RNA recombination in Hepatitis delta virus: Identification of a novel naturally occurring recombinant. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2015;: pubmed publisher
    ..It replicates in the nucleus by host RNA polymerase via a rolling circle mechanism. Similar to many RNA viruses encoding their own RNA-dependent RNA polymerases, homologous recombination of HDV occurs in mixed-genotype ..
  33. Zheng X, Li S, Zang Z, Hu J, An J, Pei X, et al. Evidence for possible role of toll-like receptor 3 mediating virus-induced progression of pituitary adenomas. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2016;426:22-32 pubmed publisher
    Tumor-related viruses are known to be involved in initiation and progression of certain tumors. However, the relationship between virus and pituitary adenomas (PAs) remains unknown...
  34. Sun H, Pu J, Wei Y, Sun Y, Hu J, Liu L, et al. Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N6 Viruses Exhibit Enhanced Affinity for Human Type Sialic Acid Receptor and In-Contact Transmission in Model Ferrets. J Virol. 2016;90:6235-6243 pubmed publisher
    ..All four H5N6 viruses have acquired a binding affinity for human-like SAα2,6Gal-linked receptor to be able to attach to human ..
  35. Schobel S, Stucker K, Moore M, Anderson L, Larkin E, Shankar J, et al. Respiratory Syncytial Virus whole-genome sequencing identifies convergent evolution of sequence duplication in the C-terminus of the G gene. Sci Rep. 2016;6:26311 pubmed publisher
    ..Extensive sequence variability within and between RSV group A and B viruses and the ability of multiple clades and sub-clades of RSV to co-circulate are likely mechanisms contributing to ..
  36. Overend C, Cui J, Grubman M, Garmendia A. The activation of the IFN? induction/signaling pathway in porcine alveolar macrophages by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus is variable. Vet Res Commun. 2017;41:15-22 pubmed publisher
    ..lungs of healthy PRRSV-free animals were infected with virulent, attenuated, infectious clone-derived chimeric viruses, or field PRRS virus strains...
  37. Amman B, Swanepoel R, Nichol S, Towner J. Ecology of Filoviruses. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2017;411:23-61 pubmed publisher
    ..researchers from many scientific disciplines have worked to better understand the natural history of these deadly viruses. Citing original research wherever possible, this chapter reviews laboratory and field-based studies on filovirus ..
  38. Svardal H, Jasinska A, Apetrei C, Coppola G, Huang Y, Schmitt C, et al. Ancient hybridization and strong adaptation to viruses across African vervet monkey populations. Nat Genet. 2017;: pubmed publisher
  39. Zheng X, Song Z, Li Y, Zhang J, Wang X. Possible interference between seasonal epidemics of influenza and other respiratory viruses in Hong Kong, 2014-2017. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17:772 pubmed publisher
    Unlike influenza viruses, little is known about the prevalence and seasonality of other respiratory viruses because laboratory surveillance for non-influenza respiratory viruses is not well developed or supported in China and other ..
  40. Moyen N, Ahmed G, Gupta S, Tenzin T, Khan R, Khan T, et al. A large-scale study of a poultry trading network in Bangladesh: implications for control and surveillance of avian influenza viruses. BMC Vet Res. 2018;14:12 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowledge of the network structure could be used to target control and surveillance interventions to a small number of LBMs. ..
  41. Moskwa S, Piotrowski W, Marczak J, Pawełczyk M, Lewandowska Polak A, Jarzębska M, et al. Innate Immune Response to Viral Infections in Primary Bronchial Epithelial Cells is Modified by the Atopic Status of Asthmatic Patients. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2018;10:144-154 pubmed publisher
    In order to gain an insight into determinants of reported variability in immune responses to respiratory viruses in human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) from asthmatics, the responses of HBEC to viral infections were evaluated in ..
  42. Monedero V, Buesa J, Rodríguez Díaz J. The Interactions between Host Glycobiology, Bacterial Microbiota, and Viruses in the Gut. Viruses. 2018;10: pubmed publisher
    ..The identification of the bacterial and HBGA interactions that are exploited by RV and NoV would place the intestinal microbiota as a new target for alternative therapies aimed at preventing and treating viral gastroenteritis. ..
  43. Rougeron V, Feldmann H, Grard G, Becker S, Leroy E. Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fever. J Clin Virol. 2015;64:111-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This group of viruses is characterized by a linear, non-segmented, single-stranded RNA genome of negative polarity...
  44. Moelling K, Broecker F. The reverse transcriptase-RNase H: from viruses to antiviral defense. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015;1341:126-35 pubmed publisher
    ..We have noticed a surprising homology between the siRNA silencing system and the interferon response, as well as to siDNA and the CRISPR system. Further, ERVs serve in defense, in addition to having roles in gene regulation and cancer. ..
  45. Ravoet J, De Smet L, Wenseleers T, de Graaf D. Genome sequence heterogeneity of Lake Sinai Virus found in honey bees and Orf1/RdRP-based polymorphisms in a single host. Virus Res. 2015;201:67-72 pubmed publisher
    Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are susceptible to a wide range of pathogens, including a broad set of viruses. Recently, next-generation sequencing has expanded the list of viruses with, for instance, two strains of Lake Sinai Virus...
  46. Aubry M, Finke J, Teissier A, Roche C, Broult J, Paulous S, et al. Seroprevalence of arboviruses among blood donors in French Polynesia, 2011-2013. Int J Infect Dis. 2015;41:11-2 pubmed publisher
    French Polynesia is a high epidemic/endemic area for arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses)...
  47. Latorre Margalef N, Avril A, Tolf C, Olsen B, Waldenström J. How Does Sampling Methodology Influence Molecular Detection and Isolation Success in Influenza A Virus Field Studies?. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016;82:1147-1153 pubmed publisher
    ..The emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses, such as H5N1 and H5N8, and subsequent spread along migratory flyways prompted the initiation of several programs ..
  48. Phan T, da Costa A, Del Valle Mendoza J, Bucardo Rivera F, Nordgren J, O Ryan M, et al. The fecal virome of South and Central American children with diarrhea includes small circular DNA viral genomes of unknown origin. Arch Virol. 2016;161:959-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The cellular origins of these circular ssDNA viruses, whether human cells, ingested plants, animals or fungal foods, or residents of the gut microbiome, are currently ..
  49. Flores R, Owens R, Taylor J. Pathogenesis by subviral agents: viroids and hepatitis delta virus. Curr Opin Virol. 2016;17:87-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Their simplicity demands a greater need than conventional RNA or DNA viruses to redirect host components for facilitating their infectious cycle, a need that directly and indirectly incites ..
  50. Elgui de Oliveira D, Müller Coan B, Pagano J. Viral Carcinogenesis Beyond Malignant Transformation: EBV in the Progression of Human Cancers. Trends Microbiol. 2016;24:649-664 pubmed publisher
    ..Nonetheless, oncogenic viruses may also be important for the progression of infection-associated cancers...
  51. Xu Y, Lv L, Guo Z, Zhang W. Invasion and metastasis ability of renal cancer cell strains 786-0: under the influence of miR-141. J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2016;30:365-72 pubmed
    ..Results indicated that the expression of miR-141 in 786-0 cells could be significantly increased 400-fold by slow viruses that contained miR-141; moreover, c omprehensive functions showed that miR-141 inhibited the invasion and ..
  52. Xu G, Zhang X, Gao W, Wang C, Wang J, Sun H, et al. Prevailing PA Mutation K356R in Avian Influenza H9N2 Virus Increases Mammalian Replication and Pathogenicity. J Virol. 2016;90:8105-14 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that PA mutation K356R (PA-K356R) has become predominant since 2014 in avian H9N2 viruses in China as with seasonal human H1N1 viruses...
  53. Chiappini M, Eiser E, Sciortino F. Phase behaviour in complementary DNA-coated gold nanoparticles and fd-viruses mixtures: a numerical study. Eur Phys J E Soft Matter. 2017;40:7 pubmed publisher
    A new gel-forming colloidal system based on a binary mixture of fd-viruses and gold nanoparticles functionalized with complementary DNA single strands has been recently introduced...
  54. Grasse W, Spring O. ssRNA viruses from biotrophic Oomycetes form a new phylogenetic group between Nodaviridae and Tombusviridae. Arch Virol. 2017;162:1319-1324 pubmed publisher
    Plasmopara halstedii virus (PhV) is one of the few characterized oomycete viruses. Although it is fully sequenced and well-studied in its genetic diversity, the exact classification and phylogenetic relationships of PhV remain uncertain...
  55. Schoeny A, Desbiez C, Millot P, Wipf Scheibel C, Nozeran K, Gognalons P, et al. Impact of Vat resistance in melon on viral epidemics and genetic structure of virus populations. Virus Res. 2017;241:105-115 pubmed publisher
    ..genetic resources, Vat is a unique gene conferring resistance to both the melon aphid Aphis gossypii and the viruses it carries. The 'virus side' of this pleiotropic phenotype is seldom regarded as an asset for virus control...
  56. Dong W, Xiao L, Hu J, Zhao X, Liu J, Zhang Y. iTRAQ proteomic analysis of the interactions between Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus and silkworm. J Proteomics. 2017;166:138-145 pubmed publisher
    The silkworm hemolymph is an important defense system against bacteria and viruses. In this study, silkworms were infected with Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus to investigate the subsequent immune response at the protein level...
  57. Krasovec R, Richards H, Gifford D, Hatcher C, Faulkner K, Belavkin R, et al. Spontaneous mutation rate is a plastic trait associated with population density across domains of life. PLoS Biol. 2017;15:e2002731 pubmed publisher
    ..of mutation rates estimated using phenotypic markers of mutation (fluctuation tests) from all domains of life and viruses. We test this relationship experimentally, determining that there is indeed density-associated mutation-rate ..
  58. Dezzutti C, Park S, Marks K, Lawlor S, Russo J, Macio I, et al. Heterogeneity of HIV-1 replication in ectocervical and vaginal tissue ex vivo. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Cumulative p24 and RNA copies in both tissues demonstrated low intra-person correlation for both viruses (ICC?0.513 HIV-1BaL; ICC?0.419 HIV-1JR-CSF)...
  59. Carlsson A. Membrane bending by actin polymerization. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2018;50:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..processes that involve pulling the plasma membrane into the cell, including phagocytosis, cellular entry of large viruses, and endocytosis...
  60. Marais A, Faure C, Theil S, Candresse T. Molecular Characterization of a Novel Species of Capillovirus from Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume). Viruses. 2018;10: pubmed publisher
    With the increased use of high-throughput sequencing methods, new viruses infecting Prunus spp. are being discovered and characterized, especially in the family Betaflexiviridae...
  61. Yang T, McNally B, Ferrone S, Liu Y, Zheng P. A single-nucleotide deletion leads to rapid degradation of TAP-1 mRNA in a melanoma cell line. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:15291-6 pubmed
    Both viruses and tumors evade cytotoxic T lymphocyte-mediated host immunity by down-regulation of antigen presentation machineries...
  62. Vainio E, Hantula J. Taxonomy, biogeography and importance of Heterobasidion viruses. Virus Res. 2016;219:2-10 pubmed publisher
    ..These viruses are able to cross species borders, co-infect single host strains and cause phenotypic changes in their hosts...
  63. Bozorgi N, Heydarnejad J, Kamali M, Massumi H. Splicing features in the expression of the complementary-sense genes of Beet curly top Iran virus. Virus Genes. 2017;53:323-327 pubmed publisher
    ..BCTIV intron comprises of most consensus splicing signals required for splicing in eukaryotes and several plant viruses including mastre- and capulaviruses.
  64. Pantin Jackwood M, Costa Hurtado M, Bertran K, DeJesus E, Smith D, Swayne D. Infectivity, transmission and pathogenicity of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.4.4 (H5N8 and H5N2) United States index viruses in Pekin ducks and Chinese geese. Vet Res. 2017;48:33 pubmed publisher
    ..3.4.4, spread by migratory waterfowl into North America reassorting with low pathogenicity AI viruses to produce a H5N2 HPAI virus...
  65. Kaszab E, Marton S, Forró B, Bali K, Lengyel G, Banyai K, et al. Characterization of the genomic sequence of a novel CRESS DNA virus identified in Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius). Arch Virol. 2018;163:285-289 pubmed publisher
    Circular replication associated protein (Rep)-encoding ssDNA (CRESS DNA) viruses have diverse genomic architecture and are widely distributed in different ecosystems...
  66. Yunoki M, Tanaka H, Takahashi K, Urayama T, Hattori S, Ideno S, et al. Hepatitis E virus derived from different sources exhibits different behaviour in virus inactivation and/or removal studies with plasma derivatives. Biologicals. 2016;44:403-11 pubmed publisher
    ..encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) and canine and porcine parvoviruses (CPV/PPV) were also evaluated as model viruses for HEV. Small pore size (19 or 15 nm) virus filtration demonstrated effective removal of HEV...
  67. Thompson K, Bennett A. Persistence of influenza on surfaces. J Hosp Infect. 2017;95:194-199 pubmed publisher
    ..from coupons for up to two weeks (stainless steel) and one week (cotton and microfibre), whereas detection of viruses by PCR was made for the entire seven-week study period. No strain differences were found...
  68. Bandoro C, Runstadler J. Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide Destabilizes Influenza Viruses. mSphere. 2017;2: pubmed publisher
    ..The subtype and host origin of the viruses were shown to affect the extent to which IAV was susceptible to LPS...
  69. Ahmed Z, Pauszek S, Ludi A, LaRocco M, Khan E, Afzal M, et al. Genetic diversity and comparison of diagnostic tests for characterization of foot-and-mouth disease virus strains from Pakistan 2008-2012. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Serotype A viruses were classified within three different Iran-05 sublineages: HER-10, FAR-11 and ESF-10...
  70. Wang J, Wang J, Geng Y, Yuan W. A recombinase polymerase amplification-based assay for rapid detection of African swine fever virus. Can J Vet Res. 2017;81:308-312 pubmed
    ..The RPA assay did not cross-detect CSFV, PCV-2, PRV, PRRSV, or FMDV, common viruses seen in pigs...
  71. Dedkov V, Deviatkin A, Poleshchuk Е, Safonova M, Blinova E, Shchelkanov M, et al. Development and evaluation of a RT-qPCR assay for fast and sensitive rabies diagnosis. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, rabies-positive and rabies-negative samples, as well as nucleic acids from other viruses and DNA extracted from the brain tissues of mice, dogs, cats, bats and humans, were studied using the developed ..
  72. Zhou T, Block T, Liu F, Kondratowicz A, Sun L, Rawat S, et al. HBsAg mRNA degradation induced by a dihydroquinolizinone compound depends on the HBV posttranscriptional regulatory element. Antiviral Res. 2018;149:191-201 pubmed publisher
    ..This compound also showed broad HBV genotype coverage, but was inactive against a panel of DNA and RNA viruses of other species...
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    The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of respiratory viruses associated with severe pneumonia among children less than 2 years of age in the rural district of Matiari in Sindh, Pakistan...
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    Multiple subtypes of influenza A viruses circulating in animals must be closely monitored to understand their risk to humans and animal populations...
  77. Wu S, Kroeker A, Wong G, He S, Hou L, Audet J, et al. An Adenovirus Vaccine Expressing Ebola Virus Variant Makona Glycoprotein Is Efficacious in Guinea Pigs and Nonhuman Primates. J Infect Dis. 2016;214:S326-S332 pubmed
    ..Past studies have shown that recombinant vaccine viruses expressing EBOV glycoprotein (GP) are able to protect nonhuman primates (NHPs) from a lethal EBOV challenge...
  78. Meyer F. Viral interactions with components of the splicing machinery. Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. 2016;142:241-68 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Viruses also use RNA splicing to maximize their coding potential and economize on genetic space, and use clever ..
  79. Nguyen Q, Tb Tran T, Chan L, Nielsen L, Reid S. In vitro production of baculoviruses: identifying host and virus genes associated with high productivity. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016;100:9239-9253 pubmed
    ..armigera virus, extending current understanding of baculovirus-insect interactions, which mainly focuses on group I viruses.
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    ..a C-type lectin expressed on the plasma membrane by human immature dendritic cells, is a receptor for numerous viruses including Ebola, SARS and dengue...
  81. Hughes L, Wilkins K, Goldsmith C, Smith S, Hudson P, Patel N, et al. A rapid Orthopoxvirus purification protocol suitable for high-containment laboratories. J Virol Methods. 2017;243:68-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Orthopoxviruses are a family of viruses that, in some cases, requires work in a high-containment laboratory and due to size do not lend themselves to ..
  82. Darvishian M, van den Heuvel E, Bissielo A, Castilla J, Cohen C, Englund H, et al. Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccination in community-dwelling elderly people: an individual participant data meta-analysis of test-negative design case-control studies. Lancet Respir Med. 2017;5:200-211 pubmed publisher
    ..with influenza-like illness symptoms who tested positive for at least one of A H1N1, A H1N1 pdm09, A H3N2, or B viruses; controls were patients with influenza-like illness symptoms who tested negative for these virus types or ..
  83. Seshan V, Sarangan G, Sheriff K, Krishnasamy K, Palani G, Srikanth P. Serological, molecular and clinical correlates of dengue from a tertiary care centre in Chennai, India. Arch Virol. 2017;162:2983-2988 pubmed publisher
    Dengue disease is caused by dengue viruses 1-4 and has been ranked by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as the fastest spreading vector-borne viral disease...
  84. Perkins A, Trimmier M. Recreational Waterborne Illnesses: Recognition, Treatment, and Prevention. Am Fam Physician. 2017;95:554-560 pubmed
    Illness after recreational water activities can be caused by a variety of agents, including bacteria, viruses, parasites, algae, and even chlorine gas. These illnesses are more common in summer...
  85. Parsaei M, Javidan R, Shayegh Kargar N, Saberi Nik H. On the global stability of an epidemic model of computer viruses. Theory Biosci. 2017;136:169-178 pubmed publisher
    ..lead to the proof of the endemic global stability of the dynamical model characterizing the spread of computer viruses over the Internet...
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    ..September, CDC received reports of a small number of localized influenza outbreaks caused by influenza A(H3N2) viruses. In addition to influenza A(H3N2) viruses, influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and influenza B viruses were detected during ..
  88. Ganesh S, Ali B, Madhavan H. Infectious chorioretinitis in an immunocompetent patient: A diagnostic dilemma. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017;65:1043-1046 pubmed publisher
    ..Gold was test positive, aqueous aspirate was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome, negative for viruses and toxoplasma, and hence he was initiated on four-drug antitubercular therapy (ATT) with oral steroids...
  89. Piotrowski C, Lede V, Butthof A, Kaiser N, Hirrlinger P, Tschop M, et al. Open housing drives the expression of immune response genes in the nasal mucosa, but not the olfactory bulb. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0187192 pubmed publisher
    ..We have previously demonstrated that the cribriform plate is permissive for T cells and monocytes and that viruses can enter the bulb upon intranasal injection by axonal transportation...
  90. Schmidt B, Reim P, Pedersen O, Albertsen P, Greisen G, Jørgensen I. A possible way to assess tidal exhaled nitric oxide in neonates and infants treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Acta Paediatr. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..NO when up-regulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines or exogenous factors, like hypoxia, bacterial toxins and viruses (2)...
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    ..The role of infectious agents, such as viruses, bacteria, or parasites, in the pathogenesis of leukemia has been discussed...
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    ..Replication of OUR T88/3, but not virulent viruses, was reduced in interferon pretreated macrophages and a recombinant virus lacking similar genes to those absent ..
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    Since 2003, dozens of giant viruses that infect amoebas (GVA), including mimiviruses and marseilleviruses, have been discovered. These giants appear to be common in our biosphere...
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    Sandflies are vectors of protozoa, viruses, and bacteria. To investigate the transmission of phleboviruses, a total of 8753 sandflies were collected in four foci of leishmania...
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    RNA viruses replicate with very high error rates, which makes them more sensitive to additional increases in this parameter...
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    High morbidity and mortality associated with human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses, including H5N1 influenza virus, have been reported...
  97. Chen J, Zhang C, Liu Y, Liu G. Super-oxidized water inactivates major viruses circulating in swine farms. J Virol Methods. 2017;242:27-29 pubmed publisher
    ..this study, we investigated the efficacy of Medilox® super-oxidized water on inactivating veterinary viruses mainly circulating in swine farms...
  98. Peeters B, Reemers S, Dortmans J, de Vries E, de Jong M, Van de Zande S, et al. Genetic versus antigenic differences among highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses: Consequences for vaccine strain selection. Virology. 2017;503:83-93 pubmed publisher
    Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses display a remarkable genetic and antigenic diversity...
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    Coxsackie B viruses are among the most common enteroviruses, causing a wide range of diseases. Recent studies have also suggested that they may contribute to the development of type 1 diabetes...
  100. Wang J, Zhang Y, Wang J, Liu L, Pang X, Yuan W. Development of a TaqMan-based real-time PCR assay for the specific detection of porcine circovirus 3. J Virol Methods. 2017;248:177-180 pubmed publisher
    ..The assay was highly specific for PCV3, without cross-reactions with other non-targeted pig viruses. The detection limit of this assay was 102 copies. The assay had an efficiency of 95...
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    ..HPV has the unique ability to persist in the host's epithelium for a long time-longer than most viruses do-which is necessary to complete its replication cycle...