bread wheat

Summary

Alias: Canadian hard winter wheat, common wheat, wheat, Triticum aestivum, Triticum vulgare, Tricum aestivum, Triticum aestivam, Triticum aestivum8, Triticum aestivum L., Triticum aestivum subsp. aestivum

Top Publications

  1. Rosenkrands I, Hejgaard J, Rasmussen S, Bjørn S. Serpins from wheat grain. FEBS Lett. 1994;343:75-80 pubmed
    b>Wheat serpin genes have been identified by Southern blot hybridization with three distinct barley protein Z probes...
  2. Liu Y, Liu D, Zhang H, Gao H, Guo X, Wang D, et al. The alpha- and beta-expansin and xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase gene families of wheat: molecular cloning, gene expression, and EST data mining. Genomics. 2007;90:516-29 pubmed
    ..In this study, three, six, and five members of the wheat alpha-expansin (TaEXPA1 to TaEXPA3), beta-expansin (TaEXPB1 to TaEXPB6), and XTH (TaXTH1 to TaXTH5) gene families, ..
  3. Johnson R, Wagner R, Verhey S, Walker Simmons M. The abscisic acid-responsive kinase PKABA1 interacts with a seed-specific abscisic acid response element-binding factor, TaABF, and phosphorylates TaABF peptide sequences. Plant Physiol. 2002;130:837-46 pubmed
    ..ABA response element-binding factor (ABF) family of basic leucine zipper transcription factors from wheat (Triticum aestivum) that is specifically bound by PKABA1...
  4. Saraike T, Shitsukawa N, Yamamoto Y, Hagita H, Iwasaki Y, Takumi S, et al. Identification of a protein kinase gene associated with pistillody, homeotic transformation of stamens into pistil-like structures, in alloplasmic wheat. Planta. 2007;227:211-21 pubmed
    ..called pistillody) has been reported in cytoplasmic substitution (alloplasmic) lines of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) having the cytoplasm of a wild relative species, Aegilops crassa...
  5. Choulet F, Wicker T, Rustenholz C, Paux E, Salse J, Leroy P, et al. Megabase level sequencing reveals contrasted organization and evolution patterns of the wheat gene and transposable element spaces. Plant Cell. 2010;22:1686-701 pubmed publisher
    To improve our understanding of the organization and evolution of the wheat (Triticum aestivum) genome, we sequenced and annotated 13-Mb contigs (18...
  6. Al Kaff N, Knight E, Bertin I, Foote T, Hart N, Griffiths S, et al. Detailed dissection of the chromosomal region containing the Ph1 locus in wheat Triticum aestivum: with deletion mutants and expression profiling. Ann Bot. 2008;101:863-72 pubmed
    ..Ph1, a dominant homoeologous chromosome pairing suppressor locus on the long arm of chromosome 5B in wheat Triticum aestivum L., is the core of the investigation in this article...
  7. Xue G. A CELD-fusion method for rapid determination of the DNA-binding sequence specificity of novel plant DNA-binding proteins. Plant J. 2005;41:638-49 pubmed
    ..The binding sequence specificity of three novel transcription factors (rice OsbHLH66, wheat TaNAC69 and TaMYB80), determined with this method, is presented...
  8. Ma Q, Xu Y. Characterization of a caffeic acid 3-O-methyltransferase from wheat and its function in lignin biosynthesis. Biochimie. 2008;90:515-24 pubmed
    ..A cDNA (TaCM) was identified from wheat and it was found to be expressed constitutively in stem, leaf and root tissues...
  9. Boden S, Shadiac N, Tucker E, Langridge P, Able J. Expression and functional analysis of TaASY1 during meiosis of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). BMC Mol Biol. 2007;8:65 pubmed
    ..TaASY1 is a homologue of ScHOP1, AtASY1 and OsPAIR2 and is the first gene to be isolated from bread wheat that is involved in pairing and synapsis of homologous chromosomes.

More Information

Publications86

  1. Ridha Farajalla M, Gulick P. The alpha-tubulin gene family in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and differential gene expression during cold acclimation. Genome. 2007;50:502-10 pubmed
    ..identified 15 full-length cDNAs for the members of the alpha-tubulin gene family in hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The genes were clustered into 5 homeologous groups of 3 genes...
  2. Kume S, Kobayashi F, Ishibashi M, Ohno R, Nakamura C, Takumi S. Differential and coordinated expression of Cbf and Cor/Lea genes during long-term cold acclimation in two wheat cultivars showing distinct levels of freezing tolerance. Genes Genet Syst. 2005;80:185-97 pubmed
    ..stages of cold acclimation can be at least partly explained by the differential and coordinated regulation of the predicted Cor/Lea gene signal transduction pathway that is mediated by the CBF/DREB1 transcription factors in common wheat.
  3. Zhou H, Li S, Deng Z, Wang X, Chen T, Zhang J, et al. Molecular analysis of three new receptor-like kinase genes from hexaploid wheat and evidence for their participation in the wheat hypersensitive response to stripe rust fungus infection. Plant J. 2007;52:420-34 pubmed
    ..However, much less is known about these genes in crop species. Here we report the characterization of three new wheat RLK genes (TaRLK-R1, 2 and 3)...
  4. Li C, Dubcovsky J. Wheat FT protein regulates VRN1 transcription through interactions with FDL2. Plant J. 2008;55:543-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we show that the product of the wheat gene TaFT, which integrates photoperiod and vernalization signals promoting flowering, interacts with bZIP ..
  5. Wang G, Wei X, Fan R, Zhou H, Wang X, Yu C, et al. Molecular analysis of common wheat genes encoding three types of cytosolic heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90): functional involvement of cytosolic Hsp90s in the control of wheat seedling growth and disease resistance. New Phytol. 2011;191:418-31 pubmed publisher
    ..However, little is known about the genes encoding Hsp90s in common wheat. Here, we report genetic and functional analysis of the genes specifying cytosolic Hsp90s in this species...
  6. Lin Z, Ni Z, Zhang Y, Yao Y, Wu H, Sun Q. Isolation and characterization of 18 genes encoding alpha- and beta-expansins in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Mol Genet Genomics. 2005;274:548-56 pubmed
    ..In this study, we isolated 18 expansin genes from wheat, nine of which encode alpha-expansins while the other nine code for beta-expansins...
  7. Kobayashi F, Takumi S, Nakata M, Ohno R, Nakamura T, Nakamura C. Comparative study of the expression profiles of the Cor/Lea gene family in two wheat cultivars with contrasting levels of freezing tolerance. Physiol Plant. 2004;120:585-594 pubmed
    ..profiles of a set of Cor/Lea genes were assessed during early stages of cold acclimation in seedlings of two wheat cultivars, which showed contrasting levels of freezing tolerance...
  8. Xu Z, Liu L, Ni Z, Liu P, Chen M, Li L, et al. W55a encodes a novel protein kinase that is involved in multiple stress responses. J Integr Plant Biol. 2009;51:58-66 pubmed publisher
    ..belonging to SNF1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) subfamily, was isolated from a cDNA library of drought-treated wheat seedlings...
  9. Mao X, Zhang H, Tian S, Chang X, Jing R. TaSnRK2.4, an SNF1-type serine/threonine protein kinase of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), confers enhanced multistress tolerance in Arabidopsis. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:683-96 pubmed publisher
    ..4 under various environmental stresses, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing wheat TaSnRK2.4 under control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter were generated. Overexpression of TaSnRK2...
  10. Ryan P, Raman H, Gupta S, Sasaki T, Yamamoto Y, Delhaize E. The multiple origins of aluminium resistance in hexaploid wheat include Aegilops tauschii and more recent cis mutations to TaALMT1. Plant J. 2010;64:446-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Major food crops such as wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) have evolved mechanisms to resist Al(3+) toxicity, thus enabling wider distribution...
  11. Motoda H, Sasaki T, Kano Y, Ryan P, Delhaize E, Matsumoto H, et al. The Membrane Topology of ALMT1, an Aluminum-Activated Malate Transport Protein in Wheat (Triticum aestivum). Plant Signal Behav. 2007;2:467-72 pubmed
    The wheat ALMT1 gene encodes an aluminum (Al)-activated malate transport protein which confers Al-resistance. We investigated the membrane topology of this plasma-membrane localized protein with immunocytochemical techniques...
  12. Regina A, Kosar Hashemi B, Li Z, Pedler A, Mukai Y, Yamamoto M, et al. Starch branching enzyme IIb in wheat is expressed at low levels in the endosperm compared to other cereals and encoded at a non-syntenic locus. Planta. 2005;222:899-909 pubmed
    ..However, in wheat, the ratio of SBEIIb and SBEIIa expression are inversely related to the expression levels observed in maize and ..
  13. Laurie S, McKibbin R, Halford N. Antisense SNF1-related (SnRK1) protein kinase gene represses transient activity of an alpha-amylase (alpha-Amy2) gene promoter in cultured wheat embryos. J Exp Bot. 2003;54:739-47 pubmed
    ..protein kinase (SnRK1) transcript was amplified by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from a wheat (Triticum aestivum) endosperm cDNA library...
  14. Kobayashi F, Maeta E, Terashima A, Takumi S. Positive role of a wheat HvABI5 ortholog in abiotic stress response of seedlings. Physiol Plant. 2008;134:74-86 pubmed publisher
    ..These results clearly indicated that WABI5 functions as a transcriptional regulator of the Cor/Lea genes in multiple abiotic stress responses in common wheat.
  15. Ma Q. Characterization of a cinnamoyl-CoA reductase that is associated with stem development in wheat. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:2011-21 pubmed
    ..of lignin biosynthesis and its biological function, a cDNA encoding CCR was identified from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and designated as Ta-CCR1...
  16. Ganeshan S, Vitamvas P, Fowler D, Chibbar R. Quantitative expression analysis of selected COR genes reveals their differential expression in leaf and crown tissues of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) during an extended low temperature acclimation regimen. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:2393-402 pubmed publisher
    ..COld-Regulated genes) have been implicated in the acquisition of low temperature (LT) tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)...
  17. Sestili F, Janni M, Doherty A, Botticella E, D Ovidio R, Masci S, et al. Increasing the amylose content of durum wheat through silencing of the SBEIIa genes. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:144 pubmed publisher
    ..enzymes of class II (SBEIIa) were silenced using the RNA interference (RNAi) technique in two cultivars of durum wheat, using two different methods of transformation (biolistic and Agrobacterium)...
  18. Fu D, Szucs P, Yan L, Helguera M, Skinner J, von Zitzewitz J, et al. Large deletions within the first intron in VRN-1 are associated with spring growth habit in barley and wheat. Mol Genet Genomics. 2005;273:54-65 pubmed
    ..habit are frequently associated with mutations in the promoter region in diploid wheat and in the A genome of common wheat. However, several dominant Vrn-A1, Vrn-B1, Vrn-D1 (common wheat) and Vrn-H1 (barley) alleles show no ..
  19. Ravel C, Martre P, Romeuf I, Dardevet M, El Malki R, Bordes J, et al. Nucleotide polymorphism in the wheat transcriptional activator Spa influences its pattern of expression and has pleiotropic effects on grain protein composition, dough viscoelasticity, and grain hardness. Plant Physiol. 2009;151:2133-44 pubmed publisher
    Storage protein activator (SPA) is a key regulator of the transcription of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grain storage protein genes and belongs to the Opaque2 transcription factor subfamily...
  20. Brini F, Hanin M, Mezghani I, Berkowitz G, Masmoudi K. Overexpression of wheat Na+/H+ antiporter TNHX1 and H+-pyrophosphatase TVP1 improve salt- and drought-stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana plants. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:301-8 pubmed
    Transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing the wheat vacuolar Na(+)/H(+) antiporter TNHX1 and H(+)-PPase TVP1 are much more resistant to high concentrations of NaCl and to water deprivation than the wild-type strains...
  21. Ciaffi M, Paolacci A, d Aloisio E, Tanzarella O, Porceddu E. Cloning and characterization of wheat PDI (protein disulfide isomerase) homoeologous genes and promoter sequences. Gene. 2006;366:209-18 pubmed
    The genomic and cDNA sequences of three PDI homoeologous genes located on chromosomes 4A, 4B and 4D of bread wheat and their promoters were cloned and sequenced...
  22. Sue M, Yamazaki K, Yajima S, Nomura T, Matsukawa T, Iwamura H, et al. Molecular and structural characterization of hexameric beta-D-glucosidases in wheat and rye. Plant Physiol. 2006;141:1237-47 pubmed
    The wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rye (Secale cereale) beta-D-glucosidases hydrolyze hydroxamic acid-glucose conjugates, exist as different types of isozyme, and function as oligomers...
  23. Dong G, Ni Z, Yao Y, Nie X, Sun Q. Wheat Dof transcription factor WPBF interacts with TaQM and activates transcription of an alpha-gliadin gene during wheat seed development. Plant Mol Biol. 2007;63:73-84 pubmed
    b>Wheat prolamin-box binding factor (WPBF), a DOF transcription factor previously was isolated from wheat endosperm and suggested to function as an activator of prolamin gene expression during seed development...
  24. Egawa C, Kobayashi F, Ishibashi M, Nakamura T, Nakamura C, Takumi S. Differential regulation of transcript accumulation and alternative splicing of a DREB2 homolog under abiotic stress conditions in common wheat. Genes Genet Syst. 2006;81:77-91 pubmed
    ..To understand the molecular basis of cold acclimation and its relationship with drought stress response in wheat seedlings, we isolated a DREB2 homolog Wdreb2, which is the candidate gene for a transcription factor of the Cor/..
  25. Shitsukawa N, Tahira C, Kassai K, Hirabayashi C, Shimizu T, Takumi S, et al. Genetic and epigenetic alteration among three homoeologous genes of a class E MADS box gene in hexaploid wheat. Plant Cell. 2007;19:1723-37 pubmed
    Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is a hexaploid species with A, B, and D ancestral genomes. Most bread wheat genes are present in the genome as triplicated homoeologous genes (homoeologs) derived from the ancestral species...
  26. van Herpen T, Goryunova S, van der Schoot J, Mitreva M, Salentijn E, Vorst O, et al. Alpha-gliadin genes from the A, B, and D genomes of wheat contain different sets of celiac disease epitopes. BMC Genomics. 2006;7:1 pubmed
    Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is an important staple food. However, wheat gluten proteins cause celiac disease (CD) in 0.5 to 1% of the general population...
  27. Weichel M, Vergoossen N, Bonomi S, Scibilia J, Ortolani C, Ballmer Weber B, et al. Screening the allergenic repertoires of wheat and maize with sera from double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge positive patients. Allergy. 2006;61:128-35 pubmed
    Food allergy to wheat and maize is an increasing factor of deterioration of life quality, especially childhood and can, in rare cases, even induce anaphylaxis...
  28. Morimoto R, Nishioka E, Murai K, Takumi S. Functional conservation of wheat orthologs of maize rough sheath1 and rough sheath2 genes. Plant Mol Biol. 2009;69:273-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The RS2/AS1-KNOX relationship is functionally conserved between maize and Arabidopsis. Here, we cloned wheat orthologs of RS2/AS1 and of a maize rough sheath1 (rs1) KNOX gene and named them WRS2 and WRS1, respectively...
  29. Wu M, Huang J, Xu S, Ling T, Xie Y, Shen W. Haem oxygenase delays programmed cell death in wheat aleurone layers by modulation of hydrogen peroxide metabolism. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:235-48 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, it is confirmed that programmed cell death (PCD) in wheat aleurone layers is stimulated by GA and prevented by ABA...
  30. Sue M, Nakamura C, Miyamoto T, Yajima S. Active-site architecture of benzoxazinone-glucoside ?-D-glucosidases in Triticeae. Plant Sci. 2011;180:268-75 pubmed publisher
    The ?-D-glucosidases from wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rye (Secale cereale) hydrolyze benzoxazinone-glucose conjugates...
  31. Konik Rose C, Thistleton J, Chanvrier H, Tan I, Halley P, Gidley M, et al. Effects of starch synthase IIa gene dosage on grain, protein and starch in endosperm of wheat. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;115:1053-65 pubmed
    ..A doubled haploid population was generated by crossing a line of wheat, which lacks functional ssIIa genes on each genome (abd), and an Australian wheat cultivar, Sunco, with wild type ..
  32. Kane N, Danyluk J, Tardif G, Ouellet F, Laliberté J, Limin A, et al. TaVRT-2, a member of the StMADS-11 clade of flowering repressors, is regulated by vernalization and photoperiod in wheat. Plant Physiol. 2005;138:2354-63 pubmed
    ..However, the recent identification of the wheat (Triticum aestivum L...
  33. Qi P, Wei Y, Ouellet T, Chen Q, Tan X, Zheng Y. The gamma-gliadin multigene family in common wheat (Triticum aestivum) and its closely related species. BMC Genomics. 2009;10:168 pubmed publisher
    ..However, no systematic research has been conducted yet. A total of 170 gamma-gliadin genes were isolated from common wheat and its closely related species, among which 138 sequences are putatively functional...
  34. Duan Y, Guo J, Ding K, Wang S, Zhang H, Dai X, et al. Characterization of a wheat HSP70 gene and its expression in response to stripe rust infection and abiotic stresses. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:301-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, a wheat HSP70 gene was isolated from a suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) cDNA library of wheat leaves infected ..
  35. Kovalchuk N, Smith J, Pallotta M, Singh R, Ismagul A, Eliby S, et al. Characterization of the wheat endosperm transfer cell-specific protein TaPR60. Plant Mol Biol. 2009;71:81-98 pubmed publisher
    The TaPR60 gene from bread wheat encodes a small cysteine-rich protein with a hydrophobic signal peptide, predicted to direct the TaPR60 protein to a secretory pathway...
  36. Xia N, Zhang G, Liu X, Deng L, Cai G, Zhang Y, et al. Characterization of a novel wheat NAC transcription factor gene involved in defense response against stripe rust pathogen infection and abiotic stresses. Mol Biol Rep. 2010;37:3703-12 pubmed publisher
    ..In the current paper, a full-length cDNA sequence of a novel wheat NAC gene, designated as TaNAC4, was isolated using in silico cloning and the reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) ..
  37. Chauhan H, Khurana N, Nijhavan A, Khurana J, Khurana P. The wheat chloroplastic small heat shock protein (sHSP26) is involved in seed maturation and germination and imparts tolerance to heat stress. Plant Cell Environ. 2012;35:1912-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Expression analysis shows that the wheat chloroplastic sHSP (HSP26) is highly inducible by heat stress in almost all the vegetative and generative tissues ..
  38. Bustos D, Iglesias A. Non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is post-translationally phosphorylated in heterotrophic cells of wheat (Triticum aestivum). FEBS Lett. 2002;530:169-73 pubmed
    In wheat, non-phosphorylating, NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPN) was found to be encoded by one gene giving rise to a single protein...
  39. Cao A, Xing L, Wang X, Yang X, Wang W, Sun Y, et al. Serine/threonine kinase gene Stpk-V, a key member of powdery mildew resistance gene Pm21, confers powdery mildew resistance in wheat. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:7727-32 pubmed publisher
    Powdery mildew resistance gene Pm21, located on the chromosome 6V short arm of Haynaldia villosa and transferred to wheat as a 6VS·6AL translocation (T6VS·6AL), confers durable and broad-spectrum resistance to wheat powdery mildew...
  40. Zhang J, Liu W, Yang X, Gao A, Li X, Wu X, et al. Isolation and characterization of two putative cytokinin oxidase genes related to grain number per spike phenotype in wheat. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:2337-47 pubmed publisher
    ..A collection of 12 typical common wheat varieties exhibiting grain number per spike ranging from 31 to 139 were used for the transcription abundance ..
  41. Shan L, Molberg Ø, Parrot I, Hausch F, Filiz F, Gray G, et al. Structural basis for gluten intolerance in celiac sprue. Science. 2002;297:2275-9 pubmed
    ..The peptide could be detoxified in in vitro and in vivo assays by exposure to a bacterial prolyl endopeptidase, suggesting a strategy for oral peptidase supplement therapy for Celiac Sprue. ..
  42. Danyluk J, Kane N, Breton G, Limin A, Fowler D, Sarhan F. TaVRT-1, a putative transcription factor associated with vegetative to reproductive transition in cereals. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:1849-60 pubmed
    ..To better understand this mechanism, we cloned and characterized a gene that we named TaVRT-1 (wheat [Triticum aestivum] vegetative to reproductive transition-1)...
  43. Mizumoto K, Hatano H, Hirabayashi C, Murai K, Takumi S. Altered expression of wheat AINTEGUMENTA homolog, WANT-1, in pistil and pistil-like transformed stamen of an alloplasmic line with Aegilops crassa cytoplasm. Dev Genes Evol. 2009;219:175-87 pubmed publisher
    ..transformation of stamens into pistil-like structures, called pistillody, has been reported in some alloplasmic common wheat lines with Aegilops crassa cytoplasm. An alloplasmic line of Chinese Spring ditelosomic 7BS (CSdt7BS) with Ae...
  44. Jin Y, Tashpulatov A, Katholnigg H, Heberle Bors E, Touraev A. Isolation and characterisation of two wheat beta-expansin genes expressed during male gametophyte development. Protoplasma. 2006;228:13-9 pubmed
    Two novel beta-expansin genes, TaEXPB1 and TaEXPB2, were isolated from wheat microspores by suppression subtractive hybridisation...
  45. Ikeda T, Nagamine T, Fukuoka H, Yano H. Identification of new low-molecular-weight glutenin subunit genes in wheat. Theor Appl Genet. 2002;104:680-687 pubmed
    To clarify the composition of low-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (LMW-GSs) in a soft wheat cultivar, we cloned and characterized LMW-GS genes from a cDNA library and genomic DNA in Norin 61...
  46. Zhang Z, Yao W, Dong N, Liang H, Liu H, Huang R. A novel ERF transcription activator in wheat and its induction kinetics after pathogen and hormone treatments. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:2993-3003 pubmed
    In this study, a pathogen-inducible ERF (ethylene-response factor) gene in wheat, designated TaERF3, was isolated and characterized in detail...
  47. Zhang W, Ryan P, Sasaki T, Yamamoto Y, Sullivan W, Tyerman S. Characterization of the TaALMT1 protein as an Al3+-activated anion channel in transformed tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) cells. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:1316-30 pubmed publisher
    TaALMT1 encodes a putative transport protein associated with Al(3+)-activated efflux of malate from wheat root apices. We expressed TaALMT1 in Nicotiana tabacum L. suspension cells and conducted a detailed functional analysis...
  48. Nemoto Y, Kisaka M, Fuse T, Yano M, Ogihara Y. Characterization and functional analysis of three wheat genes with homology to the CONSTANS flowering time gene in transgenic rice. Plant J. 2003;36:82-93 pubmed
    ..in cereals in more detail, we isolated three kinds of CO/Hd1 (rice ortholog of CO) homolog from hexaploid wheat, derived from the A, B, and D genomes and designated as wheat ortholog of CO from A genome (TaHd1-1), TaHd1-2, and ..
  49. Furuichi T, Sasaki T, Tsuchiya Y, Ryan P, Delhaize E, Yamamoto Y. An extracellular hydrophilic carboxy-terminal domain regulates the activity of TaALMT1, the aluminum-activated malate transport protein of wheat. Plant J. 2010;64:47-55 pubmed publisher
    Al³+ -resistant cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) release malate through the Al³+ -activated anion transport protein Triticum aestivum aluminum-activated malate transporter 1 (TaALMT1)...
  50. Boden S, Langridge P, Spangenberg G, Able J. TaASY1 promotes homologous chromosome interactions and is affected by deletion of Ph1. Plant J. 2009;57:487-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Studies in wheat (Triticum aestivum) have shown that the Pairing homoeologous 1 (Ph1) locus is required to suppress interactions between ..
  51. Hama E, Takumi S, Ogihara Y, Murai K. Pistillody is caused by alterations to the class-B MADS-box gene expression pattern in alloplasmic wheats. Planta. 2004;218:712-20 pubmed
    ..into pistil-like structures (called pistillody) has been observed in alloplasmic lines of bread wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) having the cytoplasm of a wild relative species, Aegilops crassa Boiss...
  52. Ligaba A, Kochian L, Piñeros M. Phosphorylation at S384 regulates the activity of the TaALMT1 malate transporter that underlies aluminum resistance in wheat. Plant J. 2009;60:411-23 pubmed publisher
    ..we examined the role of protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation in the transport properties of the wheat (Triticum aestivum) root malate efflux transporter underlying Al resistance, TaALMT1...
  53. Houde M, Danyluk J, Laliberte J, Rassart E, Dhindsa R, Sarhan F. Cloning, characterization, and expression of a cDNA encoding a 50-kilodalton protein specifically induced by cold acclimation in wheat. Plant Physiol. 1992;99:1381-7 pubmed
    ..hybridizes to a major mRNA species of approximately 1650 nucleotides from cold-acclimated wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)...
  54. Khalil H, Wang Z, Wright J, Ralevski A, Donayo A, Gulick P. Heterotrimeric G? subunit from wheat (Triticum aestivum), GA3, interacts with the calcium-binding protein, Clo3, and the phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C, PI-PLC1. Plant Mol Biol. 2011;77:145-58 pubmed publisher
    The canonical G? subunit of the heterotrimeric G protein complex from wheat (Triticum aestivum), GA3, and the calcium-binding protein, Clo3, were revealed to interact both in vivo and in vitro and Clo3 was shown to enhance the GTPase ..
  55. Tai Y. Interactome of signaling networks in wheat: the protein-protein interaction between TaRAR1 and TaSGT1. Mol Biol Rep. 2008;35:337-43 pubmed
    ..Lr21 is the first identified NBS-LRR-type R protein in wheat and is required for resistance to the leaf rust pathogen...
  56. Piattoni C, Rius S, Gomez Casati D, Guerrero S, Iglesias A. Heterologous expression of non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Triticum aestivum and Arabidopsis thaliana. Biochimie. 2010;92:909-13 pubmed publisher
    ..apply this strategy to np-Ga3PDHase we performed the cloning of the gapN gene from Arabidopsis thaliana and Triticum aestivum, followed by the heterologous expression in Escherichia coli by two different strategies...
  57. Pineros M, Cançado G, Kochian L. Novel properties of the wheat aluminum tolerance organic acid transporter (TaALMT1) revealed by electrophysiological characterization in Xenopus Oocytes: functional and structural implications. Plant Physiol. 2008;147:2131-46 pubmed publisher
    ..study a detailed characterization of the transport properties of TaALMT1 (formerly named ALMT1) from wheat (Triticum aestivum) expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes was conducted. The electrophysiological findings are as follows...
  58. Payan F, Leone P, Porciero S, Furniss C, Tahir T, Williamson G, et al. The dual nature of the wheat xylanase protein inhibitor XIP-I: structural basis for the inhibition of family 10 and family 11 xylanases. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:36029-37 pubmed
    The xylanase inhibitor protein I (XIP-I) from wheat Triticum aestivum is the prototype of a novel class of cereal protein inhibitors that inhibit fungal xylanases belonging to glycoside hydrolase families 10 (GH10) and 11 (GH11)...
  59. Zhao X, Liu M, Li J, Guan C, Zhang X. The wheat TaGI1, involved in photoperiodic flowering, encodes an Arabidopsis GI ortholog. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;58:53-64 pubmed
    Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is an important crop and requires long day and short night to flower...
  60. Adam H, Ouellet F, Kane N, Agharbaoui Z, Major G, Tominaga Y, et al. Overexpression of TaVRN1 in Arabidopsis promotes early flowering and alters development. Plant Cell Physiol. 2007;48:1192-206 pubmed
    ..of MADS-box transcription factors, is a key gene that controls transition from vegetative to reproductive phase in wheat. The accumulation of TaVRN1 transcripts in winter wheat probably requires the down-regulation of TaVRT2, a MADS-..
  61. Morimoto R, Kosugi T, Nakamura C, Takumi S. Intragenic diversity and functional conservation of the three homoeologous loci of the KN1-type homeobox gene Wknox1 in common wheat. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;57:907-24 pubmed
    b>Common wheat represents a typical allohexaploid species and provides a good experimental system for studying genomic alterations associated with allopolyploidization...
  62. Lopato S, Bazanova N, Morran S, Milligan A, Shirley N, Langridge P. Isolation of plant transcription factors using a modified yeast one-hybrid system. Plant Methods. 2006;2:3 pubmed
    ..The procedure is demonstrated using a cDNA library prepared from the liquid part of the multinucleate coenocyte of wheat endosperm...
  63. Sasaki T, Ryan P, Delhaize E, Hebb D, Ogihara Y, Kawaura K, et al. Sequence upstream of the wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) ALMT1 gene and its relationship to aluminum resistance. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:1343-54 pubmed
    Aluminum (Al) resistance in wheat relies on the Al-activated malate efflux from root apices, which appears to be controlled by an Al-activated anion transporter encoded by the ALMT1 gene on chromosome 4DL...
  64. Feng H, Wang X, Sun Y, Wang X, Chen X, Guo J, et al. Cloning and characterization of a calcium binding EF-hand protein gene TaCab1 from wheat and its expression in response to Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici and abiotic stresses. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:3857-66 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, a calcium binding protein gene, designated as TaCab1 (Triticum aestivum calcium binding EF-hand protein 1), was isolated and characterized from wheat leaves (cv...
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    b>Triticum aestivum aluminum-activated malate transporter (TaALMT1) is the founding member of a unique gene family of anion transporters (ALMTs) that mediate the efflux of organic acids...
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    ..In this work, PMM cDNAs were isolated from Arabidopsis, Nicotiana benthamiana, soybean, tomato, rice and wheat. Amino acid sequence comparisons indicated that plant PMM proteins exhibited significant identity to their fungal ..
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    The starch granules of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) contain a group of three proteins known as SGP-1 (starch granule protein-1) proteins, which have apparent molecular masses of 100, 108, and 115 kD...
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    ..and characterization of a new leaf-specific light-stimulated gene induced during cold acclimation of wheat. Sequence analysis revealed that the gene encodes a protein of 19 kDa with a pI of 8.8...
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    Coeliac disease is a chronic intestinal disorder most probably caused by an abnormal immune reaction to wheat gliadin...
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    ..PEPC) activity and corresponding mRNA levels were investigated in developing and germinating wheat (Triticum aestivum) grains. During grain development PEPC activity increased to reach a maximum 15 d postanthesis...
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    We have characterized a new wheat cold-regulated cDNA clone, Wcor410, that accumulates to equivalent levels in root, crown and leaf tissues during cold acclimation...
  72. Gautier M, Aleman M, Guirao A, Marion D, Joudrier P. Triticum aestivum puroindolines, two basic cystine-rich seed proteins: cDNA sequence analysis and developmental gene expression. Plant Mol Biol. 1994;25:43-57 pubmed
    From a mid-maturation seed cDNA library we have isolated cDNA clones encoding two Triticum aestivum puroindolines. Puroindoline-a and puroindoline-b, which are 55% similar, are basic, cystine-rich and tryptophan-rich proteins...
  73. Li Z, Mouille G, Kosar Hashemi B, Rahman S, Clarke B, Gale K, et al. The structure and expression of the wheat starch synthase III gene. Motifs in the expressed gene define the lineage of the starch synthase III gene family. Plant Physiol. 2000;123:613-24 pubmed
    The endosperm of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum [L.]) was shown to contain a high molecular weight starch synthase (SS) analogous to the product of the maize du1 gene, starch synthase III (SSIII; DU1)...
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    ..protein in the hexaploid wheat genome, we isolated clones from a cDNA library of young spikes of Japanese common wheat cultivar 'Norin 26'...
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    ..Southern blot analysis of wheat DNA suggested that the number of genes encoding the alpha-/beta-type gliadins was extremely large (greater than ..
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    A cDNA library was constructed from a cold-acclimated winter-hardy common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar 'Mironovska 808'...
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    We isolated, and expressed in Escherichia coli, a gene (Wcs120) that is strongly induced during cold acclimation of wheat. The gene product was purified and used to produce antibodies...