sorghum

Summary

Alias: broomcorn, milo, Sorghum bicolor, Sorghum vulgare, Sorghum bicolor milo, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, Sorghum saccharatum, Sorghum saccharatum (L.) Moench, Sorghum vulgare Pers.

Top Publications

  1. Wajant H, Mundry K, Pfizenmaier K. Molecular cloning of hydroxynitrile lyase from Sorghum bicolor (L.). Homologies to serine carboxypeptidases. Plant Mol Biol. 1994;26:735-46 pubmed
    ..comprising about 90% of the COOH terminal sequence of a precursor which encodes both subunit of HNL from Sorghum bicolor L. (SbHNL). Hence the subunits of SbHNL must be the result of post-translational processing...
  2. Bak S, Kahn R, Nielsen H, Moller B, Halkier B. Cloning of three A-type cytochromes P450, CYP71E1, CYP98, and CYP99 from Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench by a PCR approach and identification by expression in Escherichia coli of CYP71E1 as a multifunctional cytochrome P450 in the biosynthesis of the cya. Plant Mol Biol. 1998;36:393-405 pubmed
    ..cytochrome P450, CYP71E1, involved in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin from Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench was isolated...
  3. Mutisya J, Sathish P, Sun C, Andersson L, Ahlandsberg S, Baguma Y, et al. Starch branching enzymes in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and barley (Hordeum vulgare): comparative analyses of enzyme structure and gene expression. J Plant Physiol. 2003;160:921-30 pubmed
    A genomic clone for starch branching enzyme (SBE) IIb was isolated from a sorghum bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library...
  4. Shih C, Chu I, Yip W, Lo C. Differential expression of two flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase cDNAs involved in biosynthesis of anthocyanin pigments and 3-deoxyanthocyanidin phytoalexins in sorghum. Plant Cell Physiol. 2006;47:1412-9 pubmed
    Three unique sorghum flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase (F3'H) cDNAs (SbF3'H1, SbF3'H2 and SbF3'H3) were discovered through bioinformatics analysis. Their encoded proteins showed >60% identity to the Arabidopsis TT7 (F3'H) protein...
  5. Baerson S, Dayan F, Rimando A, Nanayakkara N, Liu C, Schr der J, et al. A functional genomics investigation of allelochemical biosynthesis in Sorghum bicolor root hairs. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:3231-47 pubmed publisher
    ..typically representing the predominant constituent of Sorghum bicolor root exudates...
  6. Koch B, Sibbesen O, Halkier B, Svendsen I, M ller B. The primary sequence of cytochrome P450tyr, the multifunctional N-hydroxylase catalyzing the conversion of L-tyrosine to p-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde oxime in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995;323:177-86 pubmed
    ..L-tyrosine to p-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde oxime in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin in Sorghum bicolor (Sibbesen et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 3506-3511)...
  7. Bak S, Kahn R, Olsen C, Halkier B. Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the obtusifoliol 14 alpha-demethylase of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, a cytochrome P450 orthologous to the sterol 14 alpha-demethylases (CYP51) from fungi and mammals. Plant J. 1997;11:191-201 pubmed
    Obtusifoliol 14 alpha-demethylase from Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench has been cloned using a gene-specific probe generated using PCR primers designed from an internal 14 amino acid sequence...
  8. Jones P, Moller B, Hoj P. The UDP-glucose:p-hydroxymandelonitrile-O-glucosyltransferase that catalyzes the last step in synthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin in Sorghum bicolor. Isolation, cloning, heterologous expression, and substrate specificity. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:35483-91 pubmed
    The final step in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin in Sorghum bicolor is the transformation of the labile cyanohydrin into a stable storage form by O-glucosylation of (S)-p-hydroxymandelonitrile at the cyanohydrin ..
  9. Pan Z, Rimando A, Baerson S, Fishbein M, Duke S. Functional characterization of desaturases involved in the formation of the terminal double bond of an unusual 16:3Delta(9,12,150) fatty acid isolated from Sorghum bicolor root hairs. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:4326-35 pubmed publisher
    Sorgoleone, produced in root hair cells of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), is likely responsible for much of the allelopathic properties of sorghum root exudates against broadleaf and grass weeds...

More Information

Publications235 found, 100 shown here

  1. Saballos A, Ejeta G, Sanchez E, Kang C, Vermerris W. A genomewide analysis of the cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase family in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] identifies SbCAD2 as the brown midrib6 gene. Genetics. 2009;181:783-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Analysis of the recently released sorghum genome revealed the existence of 14 CAD-like genes at seven genomic locations...
  2. Zheng L, Guo X, He B, Sun L, Peng Y, Dong S, et al. Genome-wide patterns of genetic variation in sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Genome Biol. 2011;12:R114 pubmed publisher
    Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is globally produced as a source of food, feed, fiber and fuel...
  3. Driehuis F, Wilkinson J, Jiang Y, Ogunade I, Adesogan A. Silage review: Animal and human health risks from silage. J Dairy Sci. 2018;101:4093-4110 pubmed publisher
    ..are ergot alkaloids, which are produced by endophytic fungal species in forages such as tall fescue grass, sorghum, and ryegrass. Varying effects of ensiling on the degradation of these plant toxins have been reported...
  4. Rao K, Chennappa G, Suraj U, Nagaraja H, Raj A, Sreenivasa M. Probiotic potential of lactobacillus strains isolated from sorghum-based traditional fermented food. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2015;7:146-56 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum-based traditional fermented food was screened for potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria. The isolates were identified by biochemical, physiological and genetic methods...
  5. Muthulakshmi S, Chakrabarti A, Mukherjee S. Gene expression profile of high-fat diet-fed C57BL/6J mice: in search of potential role of azelaic acid. J Physiol Biochem. 2015;71:29-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Azelaic acid (AzA), a naturally occurring α,ω-dicarboxylic acid in wheat, rye, barley, oat seeds and sorghum, has been reported to exert antidiabetic effects in HFD-induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) C57BL/6J mice...
  6. Malik N, Zain H, Ali N. Organismic-level acute toxicology profiling of reactive azo dyes. Environ Monit Assess. 2018;190:612 pubmed publisher
    ..Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium fujikuroi, and Rhizoctonia solani), plant (Raphanus sativus, Triticum aestivum, Sorghum bicolor, and Phaseolus mungo), and aquatic (Artemia salina and Daphnia magna) specimens...
  7. Muthusamy S, Dalal M, Chinnusamy V, Bansal K. Genome-wide identification and analysis of biotic and abiotic stress regulation of small heat shock protein (HSP20) family genes in bread wheat. J Plant Physiol. 2017;211:100-113 pubmed publisher
    ..to the sub-cellular localization and phylogenetic relationship with sequenced grass genomes (Oryza sativa, Sorghum bicolor, Zea mays, Brachypodium distachyon and Setaria italica)...
  8. Muck R, Nadeau E, McAllister T, Contreras Govea F, Santos M, Kung L. Silage review: Recent advances and future uses of silage additives. J Dairy Sci. 2018;101:3980-4000 pubmed publisher
    ..acid relative to other fermentation products, although a meta-analysis indicated no reduction in pH in corn, sorghum, and sugarcane silages relative to untreated silages...
  9. Rico J, Mathews A, Lovett J, Haughey N, McFadden J. Palmitic acid feeding increases ceramide supply in association with increased milk yield, circulating nonesterified fatty acids, and adipose tissue responsiveness to a glucose challenge. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:8817-8830 pubmed publisher
    ..All cows were randomly assigned to a sorghum silage-based diet containing no supplemental fat (control; n=10; 138±45 d in milk) or C16:0 at 4% of ration dry ..
  10. Ajiboye T, Iliasu G, Adeleye A, Ojewuyi O, Kolawole F, Bello S, et al. A fermented sorghum/millet-based beverage, Obiolor, extenuates high-fat diet-induced dyslipidaemia and redox imbalance in the livers of rats. J Sci Food Agric. 2016;96:791-7 pubmed publisher
    Obiolor, a non-alcoholic beverage produced from fermented sorghum and millet malts, is widely consumed on a daily basis by the Igala tribe in Nigeria and is closely associated with good health...
  11. Verma J, Wardhan V, Singh D, Chakraborty S, Chakraborty N. Genome-Wide Identification of the Alba Gene Family in Plants and Stress-Responsive Expression of the Rice Alba Genes. Genes (Basel). 2018;9: pubmed publisher
    ..i>Oryza sativa, Zea mays, Sorghum bicolor, Cicer arietinum, and Vitis vinifera, and in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana ..
  12. Riang a R, Broerse J, Nangulu A. Food beliefs and practices among the Kalenjin pregnant women in rural Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2017;13:29 pubmed publisher
    ..Recommendation of fruits, traditional herbs, ugali (a dish made of maize flour, millet flour, or Sorghum flour, sometimes mixed with cassava flour), porridge and liver, and restriction of avocadoes and oily food were ..
  13. Adesogan A, Arriola K, Jiang Y, Oyebade A, Paula E, Pech Cervantes A, et al. Symposium review: Technologies for improving fiber utilization. J Dairy Sci. 2019;: pubmed publisher
    ..Newer BMR corn hybrids are better yielding than the early hybrids and recent brachytic dwarf BMR sorghum hybrids avoid lodging problems of early hybrids...
  14. Komsky Elbaz A, Saktsier M, Roth Z. Aflatoxin B1 impairs sperm quality and fertilization competence. Toxicology. 2018;393:42-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Aflatoxins can be found in various food products, such as maize, sorghum, millet, rice and wheat...
  15. Rodriguez V, Mendoza Trejo M, Hernandez Plata I, Giordano M. Behavioral effects and neuroanatomical targets of acute atrazine exposure in the male Sprague-Dawley rat. Neurotoxicology. 2017;58:161-170 pubmed publisher
    Atrazine (ATR) is an herbicide broadly used in the world to control weeds in corn and sorghum fields, and it is potentially toxic for the dopaminergic system...
  16. Baderna D, Lomazzi E, Pogliaghi A, Ciaccia G, Lodi M, Benfenati E. Acute phytotoxicity of seven metals alone and in mixture: Are Italian soil threshold concentrations suitable for plant protection?. Environ Res. 2015;140:102-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Cucumber (Cucumis sativus), sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum) and cress (Lepidium sativum) seeds were used as models for other plants used in human nutrition such as ..
  17. Akanbi B, Usoh E. Safety of Street-Vended Soy Wara in Nigeria. J Food Prot. 2016;79:169-73 pubmed publisher
    ..compared with those processed with lime or ogi (an acid-fermented gruel of either maize [Zea mays], sorghum [Sorghum bicolor], or millet [Pennisetum glaucum]) (P < 0.05)...
  18. Módolo D, Horn C, Soares J, Yunes J, Lima L, de Sousa S, et al. Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum seeds expressing the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Alanine- and Proline-rich antigen. AMB Express. 2018;8:178 pubmed publisher
    ..We used a seed-specific promoter from sorghum, a signal peptide to target the protein to the endoplasmic reticulum and ultimately in the protein storage ..
  19. Gallo A, Giuberti G, Frisvad J, Bertuzzi T, Nielsen K. Review on Mycotoxin Issues in Ruminants: Occurrence in Forages, Effects of Mycotoxin Ingestion on Health Status and Animal Performance and Practical Strategies to Counteract Their Negative Effects. Toxins (Basel). 2015;7:3057-111 pubmed publisher
    ..protein feeds, their by-products as well as hay and grass, grass/legume, whole-crop maize, small grain or sorghum silages. Furthermore, ruminants are annually or seasonally fed with grazed forage in many parts of the World...
  20. Mathews A, Rico J, Sprenkle N, Lock A, McFadden J. Increasing palmitic acid intake enhances milk production and prevents glucose-stimulated fatty acid disappearance without modifying systemic glucose tolerance in mid-lactation dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:8802-8816 pubmed publisher
    ..All cows received a common sorghum silage-based diet and were randomly assigned to a diet containing no supplemental fat (control; n=10; 138±45d in ..
  21. Chen Y, Zhang Q, Hu W, Zhang X, Wang L, Hua X, et al. Evolution and expression of the fructokinase gene family in Saccharum. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:197 pubmed publisher
    ..Genomic constraints were analyzed within the gene alleles and between S. spontaneum and Sorghum bicolor, and gene expression analysis was performed under drought stress and with exogenous applications of plant ..
  22. Mandadi K, Scholthof K. Genome-wide analysis of alternative splicing landscapes modulated during plant-virus interactions in Brachypodium distachyon. Plant Cell. 2015;27:71-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparative analysis of AS patterns in B. distachyon, rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), Arabidopsis thaliana, potato (Solanum tuberosum), Medicago truncatula, and poplar (Populus trichocarpa) ..
  23. Dhar K, Wendisch V, Nampoothiri K. Engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for xylitol production from lignocellulosic pentose sugars. J Biotechnol. 2016;230:63-71 pubmed publisher
    ..05g/g cdw/h. The strain Cg-ax3 was also validated for xylitol production from pentose rich, acid pre-treated liquor of sorghum stover (SAPL) and the results were comparable in both SAPL (27±0.3g/L) and mineral medium (31±0.5g/L).
  24. Henriques A, Farias D, Costa de Oliveira A. Identification and characterization of the bZIP transcription factor involved in zinc homeostasis in cereals. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..Through BLASTp in Phytozome database, 33 bzip19 genes were identified on the genomes of Oryza sativa, Sorghum bicolor, Zea mays, Glycine max, Triticum aestivum, and Brachypodium distachyon...
  25. Wang L, Zheng Y, Ding S, Zhang Q, Chen Y, Zhang J. Molecular cloning, structure, phylogeny and expression analysis of the invertase gene family in sugarcane. BMC Plant Biol. 2017;17:109 pubmed publisher
    ..Faster divergence occurred in acid INVs than in neutral/alkaline INVs after the split of sugarcane and sorghum. At least a one-time gene duplication event was observed to have occurred in the four groups of acid INVs, ..
  26. Singh R, Jha P. The PGPR Stenotrophomonas maltophilia SBP-9 Augments Resistance against Biotic and Abiotic Stress in Wheat Plants. Front Microbiol. 2017;8:1945 pubmed publisher
    ..the present study aimed to examine the role of a rhizospheric bacterial isolate SBP-9 isolated from Sorghum bicolor (i) in promoting the wheat plant growth under salinity stress, and (ii) in enhancing the defense response ..
  27. Lo S, Hipskind J, Nicholson R. cDNA cloning of a sorghum pathogenesis-related protein (PR-10) and differential expression of defense-related genes following inoculation with Cochliobolus heterostrophus or Colletotrichum sublineolum. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1999;12:479-89 pubmed
    A sorghum cDNA clone was isolated by differential screening of a cDNA library prepared from mesocotyls (cultivar DK18) inoculated with fungal pathogenes...
  28. Koegel S, Ait Lahmidi N, Arnould C, Chatagnier O, Walder F, Ineichen K, et al. The family of ammonium transporters (AMT) in Sorghum bicolor: two AMT members are induced locally, but not systemically in roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytol. 2013;198:853-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we hypothesize that induction of specific ammonium transporter (AMT) genes in Sorghum bicolor during AM colonization might play a key role in the functionality of the symbiosis...
  29. Cai Z, Liu H, He Q, Pu M, Chen J, Lai J, et al. Differential genome evolution and speciation of Coix lacryma-jobi L. and Coix aquatica Roxb. hybrid guangxi revealed by repetitive sequence analysis and fine karyotyping. BMC Genomics. 2014;15:1025 pubmed publisher
    Coix, Sorghum and Zea are closely related plant genera in the subtribe Maydeae. Coix comprises 9-11 species with different ploidy levels (2n = 10, 20, 30, and 40). The exclusively cultivated C. lacryma-jobi L...
  30. Padmaja P, Shwetha B, Swetha G, Patil J. Oxidative enzyme changes in sorghum infested by shoot fly. J Insect Sci. 2014;14:193 pubmed publisher
    This research investigated the role of oxidative enzymes in the defense response of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench (Poales: Poaceae), to the sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata Rondani (Diptera: Muscidae)...
  31. Moraes F, Alvarenga E, Amorim K, Demuner A, Pereira Flores M. Novel platensimycin derivatives with herbicidal activity. Pest Manag Sci. 2016;72:580-4 pubmed publisher
    ..These compounds were subjected to evaluation for their biological activity against Sorghum bicolor (sorghum), Allium cepa (onion), Cucumis sativus (cucumber), Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) and Bidens pilosa (..
  32. Mafu L, Neomagus H, Everson R, Carrier M, Strydom C, Bunt J. Structural and chemical modifications of typical South African biomasses during torrefaction. Bioresour Technol. 2016;202:192-7 pubmed publisher
    ..were carried out for three typical South African biomass samples (softwood chips, hardwood chips and sweet sorghum bagasse) to a weight loss of 30 wt.%...
  33. Nkomba E, van Rensburg E, Chimphango A, Görgens J. The influence of sorghum grain decortication on bioethanol production and quality of the distillers' dried grains with solubles using cold and conventional warm starch processing. Bioresour Technol. 2016;203:181-9 pubmed publisher
    Very high gravity hydrolysis-fermentation of whole and decorticated sorghum grains were compared using conventional and cold hydrolysis methods to assess the extent by which decortication could minimize enzymes dosages and affect the ..
  34. Olafadehan O, Adebayo O. Nutritional evaluation of ammoniated ensiled threshed sorghum top as a feed for goats. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2016;48:785-91 pubmed publisher
    ..68 kg BW) were used in a completely randomized design to evaluate the inclusion of urea-treated ensiled threshed sorghum top (UTST) in their diets...
  35. Alaofè H, Burney J, Naylor R, Taren D. Solar-Powered Drip Irrigation Impacts on Crops Production Diversity and Dietary Diversity in Northern Benin. Food Nutr Bull. 2016;37:164-75 pubmed publisher
    ..05). In addition, the percentage change in corn, sorghum, beans, oil, rice and fish purchased was significantly greater in the SMG women's groups compared to other groups...
  36. Liu H, Fan H, Cao R, Blanchard C, Wang M. Physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of sorghum starch altered by high hydrostatic pressure. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;92:753-760 pubmed publisher
    ..was investigated to assess its influence on the physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of sorghum starch (SS)...
  37. Zhong S, Ma L, Fatima S, Yang J, Chen W, Liu T, et al. Collinearity Analysis and High-Density Genetic Mapping of the Wheat Powdery Mildew Resistance Gene Pm40 in PI 672538. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0164815 pubmed publisher
    ..16-Mbp genomic region on rice chromosome 8, and a 1.62-Mbp genomic region on sorghum chromosome 7. We further anchored the Pm40 target intervals to the wheat genome sequence...
  38. Shimshoni J, Cuneah O, Sulyok M, Krska R, Sionov E, Barel S, et al. Newly discovered ergot alkaloids in Sorghum ergot Claviceps africana occurring for the first time in Israel. Food Chem. 2017;219:459-467 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum ergot is a disease caused commonly by C. africana. In 2015, ergot was identified for the first time in sorghum fields in Israel, leading to measures of eradication and quarantine...
  39. Pantazopoulou E, Zebiliadou O, Mitrakas M, Zouboulis A. Stabilization of tannery sludge by co-treatment with aluminum anodizing sludge and phytotoxicity of end-products. Waste Manag. 2017;61:327-336 pubmed publisher
    ..this stabilized product was subjected to phytotoxicity tests using the Lepidium sativum, Sinapis alba and Sorghum saccharatum seeds...
  40. Schlemper T, Leite M, Lucheta A, Shimels M, Bouwmeester H, van Veen J, et al. Rhizobacterial community structure differences among sorghum cultivars in different growth stages and soils. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2017;93: pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the rhizosphere bacterial community composition of seven different sorghum cultivars in two different soil types (abandoned (CF) and agricultural (VD))...
  41. Ongom P, Ejeta G. Mating Design and Genetic Structure of a Multi-Parent Advanced Generation Intercross (MAGIC) Population of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). G3 (Bethesda). 2018;8:331-341 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe here the mating design and structure of the first MAGIC population in sorghum, and test its utility for mapping...
  42. Garsmeur O, Droc G, Antonise R, Grimwood J, Potier B, Aitken K, et al. A mosaic monoploid reference sequence for the highly complex genome of sugarcane. Nat Commun. 2018;9:2638 pubmed publisher
    ..We exploited colinearity with sorghum to produce a BAC-based monoploid genome sequence of sugarcane...
  43. Wijaya H, Sasaki K, Kahar P, Yopi -, Kawaguchi H, Sazuka T, et al. Repeated ethanol fermentation from membrane-concentrated sweet sorghum juice using the flocculating yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae F118 strain. Bioresour Technol. 2018;265:542-547 pubmed publisher
    ..production using membrane (ultrafiltration permeation and nanofiltration concentration)-concentrated sweet sorghum juice by using flocculent Saccharomyces cerevisiae F118 strain...
  44. Su M, Li X, Ma X, Peng X, Zhao A, Cheng L, et al. Cloning two P5CS genes from bioenergy sorghum and their expression profiles under abiotic stresses and MeJA treatment. Plant Sci. 2011;181:652-9 pubmed publisher
    Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (Linn.) Moench) has promise as a bioenergy feedstock in China and other countries for its use in the production of ethanol as the result of its high fermentable sugar accumulation in stems...
  45. Michael I, Hapeshi E, Michael C, Varela A, Kyriakou S, Manaia C, et al. Solar photo-Fenton process on the abatement of antibiotics at a pilot scale: Degradation kinetics, ecotoxicity and phytotoxicity assessment and removal of antibiotic resistant enterococci. Water Res. 2012;46:5621-5634 pubmed publisher
    ..the applied advanced process to reduce the initial wastewater toxicity against the examined plant species (Sorghum saccharatum, Lepidium sativum, Sinapis alba) and the water flea Daphnia magna...
  46. Soukup M, Martinka M, Cigáň M, Ravaszová F, Lux A. New method for visualization of silica phytoliths in Sorghum bicolor roots by fluorescence microscopy revealed silicate concentration-dependent phytolith formation. Planta. 2014;240:1365-72 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper we are proposing a novel method for visualization of silica phytoliths in Sorghum bicolor root endodermal cells by fluorescence microscopy using alkali mounting solution (pH 12)...
  47. Panda R, Zoerb H, Cho C, Jackson L, Garber E. Detection and Quantification of Gluten during the Brewing and Fermentation of Beer Using Antibody-Based Technologies. J Food Prot. 2015;78:1167-77 pubmed publisher
    ..enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to detect and quantify gluten in fermented and hydrolyzed products, sorghum beer was spiked in the initial phases of production with 0, 20, and 200 μg/ml wheat gluten, and samples were ..
  48. Sui N, Yang Z, Liu M, Wang B. Identification and transcriptomic profiling of genes involved in increasing sugar content during salt stress in sweet sorghum leaves. BMC Genomics. 2015;16:534 pubmed publisher
    Sweet sorghum is an annual C4 crop considered to be one of the most promising bio-energy crops due to its high sugar content in stem, yet it is poorly understood how this plant increases its sugar content in response to salt stress...
  49. De Souza A, Cocuron J, Garcia A, Alonso A, Buckeridge M. Changes in Whole-Plant Metabolism during the Grain-Filling Stage in Sorghum Grown under Elevated CO2 and Drought. Plant Physiol. 2015;169:1755-65 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, elevated [CO2] is predicted to mitigate some of the negative effects of drought. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a C4 grass that has important economical and nutritional values in many parts of the world...
  50. Ding X, Wu C, Huang J, Zhou R. Changes in Volatile Compounds of Chinese Luzhou-Flavor Liquor during the Fermentation and Distillation Process. J Food Sci. 2015;80:C2373-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Physicochemical properties analysis of Zaopei (fermented grains [FG], fermented grains mixed with sorghum [FGS], streamed grains [SG], and streamed grains mixed with Daqu [SGD]) showed distinct changes...
  51. Jin J, Kong J, Qiu J, Zhu H, Peng Y, Jiang H. High level of microsynteny and purifying selection affect the evolution of WRKY family in Gramineae. Dev Genes Evol. 2016;226:15-25 pubmed publisher
    ..chromosomal segments of subgroup I genes of WRKY family (WRKY I) in four Gramineae species (Brachypodium, rice, sorghum, and maize) formed eight orthologous groups...
  52. Roy S, Cho S, Kwon S, Kamal A, Kim S, Oh M, et al. Morpho-Physiological and Proteome Level Responses to Cadmium Stress in Sorghum. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0150431 pubmed publisher
    ..performed to explore Cd-induced morpho-physiological alterations and their potential associated mechanisms in Sorghum bicolor leaves at the protein level...
  53. Singh R, Banerjee N, Khan M, Yadav S, Kumar S, Duttamajumder S, et al. Identification of putative candidate genes for red rot resistance in sugarcane (Saccharum species hybrid) using LD-based association mapping. Mol Genet Genomics. 2016;291:1363-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Among the four MTAs, EST sequences diagnostic of three could be BLAST searched to the sorghum genome with significant sequence homology. Several genes encoding important plant defence related proteins, viz...
  54. Ramachandran D, Hawkins J. Methods for accurate quantification of LTR-retrotransposon copy number using short-read sequence data: a case study in Sorghum. Mol Genet Genomics. 2016;291:1871-83 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the accuracy of our method, we first performed an in silico analysis of the reference Sorghum bicolor genome, using both reference-based and de novo approaches...
  55. Chen D, Cao B, Qi L, Yin L, Wang S, Deng X. Silicon-moderated K-deficiency-induced leaf chlorosis by decreasing putrescine accumulation in sorghum. Ann Bot. 2016;118:305-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we examined whether Si-regulated putrescine (Put) metabolisms are involved in Si-alleviated K deficiency. Sorghum seedlings were grown in K deficiency solution with and without Si for 15 d...
  56. Tokpohozin S, Fischer S, Sacher B, Becker T. ?-d-Glucosidase as "key enzyme" for sorghum cyanogenic glucoside (dhurrin) removal and beer bioflavouring. Food Chem Toxicol. 2016;97:217-223 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum malt used during African beer processing contains a high level of cyanogenic glucoside (dhurrin), up to 1375 ppm...
  57. Borzoui E, Naseri B, Nouri Ganbalani G. Effects of Food Quality on Biology and Physiological Traits of Sitotroga cerealella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J Econ Entomol. 2017;110:266-273 pubmed publisher
    ..Olivier, a world-wide insect pest of cereals, were investigated on different grains (barley, maize, rye, sorghum, triticale, and wheat)...
  58. Jensen J, Wilkerson C. Brachypodium as an experimental system for the study of stem parenchyma biology in grasses. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0173095 pubmed publisher
    ..type that serves key metabolic functions for the plant especially in large grasses, such as sugarcane and sweet sorghum, where it serves to store sucrose or other products of photosynthesis...
  59. Batista P, Menezes C, Carvalho A, Portugal A, Bastos E, Cardoso M, et al. Performance of grain sorghum hybrids under drought stress using GGE biplot analyses. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    The objective of this study was to estimate the adaptability and stability of grain sorghum hybrids grown under post-flowering water stress and non-stress conditions...
  60. Elkhalifa A, Bernhardt R, Cardone G, Marti A, Iametti S, Marengo M. Physicochemical properties of sorghum flour are selectively modified by combined germination-fermentation. J Food Sci Technol. 2017;54:3307-3313 pubmed publisher
    The combined effects of grain germination and of subsequent fermentation on the physicochemical properties of sorghum flour were investigated by studying the structural changes occurring in the starch and protein fractions and by ..
  61. Heiner Z, Zeise I, Elbaum R, Kneipp J. Insight into plant cell wall chemistry and structure by combination of multiphoton microscopy with Raman imaging. J Biophotonics. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..As the data obtained with unstained sections of Sorghum bicolor root and leaf tissues illustrate, non-resonant as well as pre-resonant Raman microscopy in combination with ..
  62. Teramura H, Sasaki K, Oshima T, Kawaguchi H, Ogino C, Sazuka T, et al. Effective usage of sorghum bagasse: Optimization of organosolv pretreatment using 25% 1-butanol and subsequent nanofiltration membrane separation. Bioresour Technol. 2018;252:157-164 pubmed publisher
    ..The pretreatment conditions were optimized for sorghum bagasse by focusing on four parameters: butanol concentration, sulfuric acid concentration, pretreatment ..
  63. Kukal M, Irmak S. Climate-Driven Crop Yield and Yield Variability and Climate Change Impacts on the U.S. Great Plains Agricultural Production. Sci Rep. 2018;8:3450 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper evaluates climate impacts on maize, sorghum, and soybean yields and effect of irrigation for individual counties in this region by employing extensive crop ..
  64. Mao B, Gao M, Chen C, Li Z, Zhang H, Zhang Q. Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel N-nitrophenyl derivatives based on the structure of acetohydroxyacid synthase. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2018;145:100-107 pubmed publisher
    ..Amaranthus mangostanus L. and Sorghum sudanense were determined...
  65. Thapa S, Zhu F, Walia H, Yu H, Ge Y. A Novel LiDAR-Based Instrument for High-Throughput, 3D Measurement of Morphological Traits in Maize and Sorghum. Sensors (Basel). 2018;18: pubmed publisher
    ..The system was tested with maize and sorghum plants...
  66. Hufnagel B, Guimarães C, Craft E, Shaff J, Schaffert R, Kochian L, et al. Exploiting sorghum genetic diversity for enhanced aluminum tolerance: Allele mining based on the AltSB locus. Sci Rep. 2018;8:10094 pubmed publisher
    ..The sorghum root Al-activated citrate transporter, SbMATE, underlies the Al tolerance locus, AltSB, and increases ..
  67. da Silva K, Teodoro P, de Menezes C, Julio M, De Souza V, da Silva M, et al. Contribution of morphoagronomic traits to grain yield and earliness in grain sorghum. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    ..to verify the relationship between morphological traits that can be used as the criteria for the selection of sorghum lines with high grain yield and earliness...
  68. de Figueiredo C, de Oliveira A, Dos Santos I, Ferreira E, Malaquias J, de Sá M, et al. Relationships between soil organic matter pools and nitrous oxide emissions of agroecosystems in the Brazilian Cerrado. Sci Total Environ. 2018;618:1572-1582 pubmed publisher
    ..The agricultural systems consisted of: (I) soybean followed by sorghum under no-tillage (NT1); (II) maize followed by pigeon pea under no-tillage (NT2); (III) soybean under ..
  69. Lo S, Nicholson R. Reduction of light-induced anthocyanin accumulation in inoculated sorghum mesocotyls. Implications for a compensatory role in the defense response. Plant Physiol. 1998;116:979-89 pubmed
    Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) accumulates the anthocyanin cyanidin 3-dimalonyl glucoside in etiolated mesocotyls in response to light...
  70. Hartwell J, Gill A, Nimmo G, Wilkins M, Jenkins G, Nimmo H. Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase is a novel protein kinase regulated at the level of expression. Plant J. 1999;20:333-42 pubmed
    ..Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase is an exception to this general rule, being controlled only at the level of expression. In K. fedtschenkoi, its expression is controlled both developmentally and by a circadian oscillator...
  71. Stokholm M, Wulff E, Zida E, Thio I, Néya J, Soalla R, et al. DNA barcoding and isolation of vertically transmitted ascomycetes in sorghum from Burkina Faso: Epicoccum sorghinum is dominant in seedlings and appears as a common root pathogen. Microbiol Res. 2016;191:38-50 pubmed publisher
    Molecular identification of fungal taxa commonly transmitted through seeds of sorghum in Western Africa is lacking...
  72. Mulaudzi Masuku T, Mutepe R, Mukhoro O, Faro A, Ndimba B. Identification and characterization of a heat-inducible Hsp70 gene from Sorghum bicolor which confers tolerance to thermal stress. Cell Stress Chaperones. 2015;20:793-804 pubmed publisher
    ..study describes the first detailed molecular characterization of the heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) gene from Sorghum bicolor, MN1618 designated as SbHsp70-1...
  73. Girard A, Castell Perez M, Bean S, Adrianos S, Awika J. Effect of Condensed Tannin Profile on Wheat Flour Dough Rheology. J Agric Food Chem. 2016;64:7348-7356 pubmed
    ..Effect of PA MW profile (sorghum versus grape seed PA) on dough rheology of high versus low insoluble polymeric protein (IPP) wheat flour was ..
  74. Bellasio C, Quirk J, Buckley T, Beerling D. A Dynamic Hydro-Mechanical and Biochemical Model of Stomatal Conductance for C4 Photosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 2017;175:104-119 pubmed publisher
    C4 plants are major grain (maize [Zea mays] and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor]), sugar (sugarcane [Saccharum officinarum]), and biofuel (Miscanthus spp...
  75. Wu X, Hu W, Luo H, Xia Y, Zhao Y, Wang L, et al. Transcriptome profiling of developmental leaf senescence in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Plant Mol Biol. 2016;92:555-580 pubmed
    ..Here we explored the monocot C4 model crop Sorghum bicolor for a holistic picture of SAG profiles by RNA-seq...
  76. Conn A, Pedmale U, Chory J, Navlakha S. High-Resolution Laser Scanning Reveals Plant Architectures that Reflect Universal Network Design Principles. Cell Syst. 2017;5:53-62.e3 pubmed publisher
    ..we used high-precision three-dimensional laser scanning to map the architectures of tomato, tobacco, or sorghum plants grown in several environmental conditions and through multiple developmental time points, scanning in ..
  77. Omorogbe O, Ajayi A, Ben Azu B, Oghwere E, Adebesin A, Aderibigbe A, et al. Jobelyn® attenuates inflammatory responses and neurobehavioural deficits associated with complete Freund-adjuvant-induced arthritis in mice. Biomed Pharmacother. 2018;98:585-593 pubmed publisher
    ..Jobelyn® (JB), a potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory dietary supplement obtained from Sorghum bicolor, has been claimed to relieve arthritic pain...
  78. Karve A, Alexoff D, Kim D, Schueller M, Ferrieri R, Babst B. In vivo quantitative imaging of photoassimilate transport dynamics and allocation in large plants using a commercial positron emission tomography (PET) scanner. BMC Plant Biol. 2015;15:273 pubmed publisher
    ..To demonstrate the utility of PET, we measured (11)C-photoassimilate transport and allocation in Sorghum bicolor, an important staple crop, at vegetative and reproductive stages (40 and 70 days after planting; DAP)...
  79. Evans A, O Brien S, Ma R, Hager A, Riggins C, Lambert K, et al. Biochemical characterization of metabolism-based atrazine resistance in Amaranthus tuberculatus and identification of an expressed GST associated with resistance. Plant Biotechnol J. 2017;15:1238-1249 pubmed publisher
    Rapid detoxification of atrazine in naturally tolerant crops such as maize (Zea mays) and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) results from glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity...
  80. Dumas P, Legeai F, Lemaitre C, Scaon E, Orsucci M, Labadie K, et al. Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) host-plant variants: two host strains or two distinct species?. Genetica. 2015;143:305-16 pubmed publisher
    ..consists of two strains adapted to different host-plants: the first feeds preferentially on corn, cotton and sorghum whereas the second is more associated with rice and several pasture grasses...
  81. Rutto E, Nyagol J, Oyugi J, Ndege S, Onyango N, Obala A, et al. Effects of HIV-1 infection on malaria parasitemia in milo sub-location, western Kenya. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:303 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the effects of HIV-1 infection on malaria parasitaemia among consented residents of Milo sub-location, Bungoma County in western Kenya...
  82. Mitroiu M. Revision of the Afrotropical species of Norbanus Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Zootaxa. 2015;3969:1-103 pubmed publisher
    ..kitegaensis and N. seyrigi. The subgenus Picroscytoides Masi is placed in synonymy with Norbanus s.s. syn. nov. Host records are given for several new species, including some economically important pests of maize, sorghum or rice.
  83. Sattler S, Walker A, Vermerris W, Sattler S, Kang C. Structural and Biochemical Characterization of Cinnamoyl-CoA Reductases. Plant Physiol. 2017;173:1031-1044 pubmed publisher
    ..The catalytic mechanism and substrate specificity of cinnamoyl-CoA reductases from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), a strategic plant for bioenergy production, were deduced from crystal structures, site-directed mutagenesis,..
  84. Thani A, Laopaiboon P, Laopaiboon L. Improvement of a continuous ethanol fermentation from sweet sorghum stem juice using a cell recycling system. J Biotechnol. 2017;251:21-29 pubmed publisher
    ..a continuous ethanol fermentation with a cell recycling system (CRS) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP 01 from sweet sorghum stem juice were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM)...
  85. Hoesche J, Berzborn R. Primary structure, deduced from cDNA, secondary structure analysis and conclusions concerning interaction surfaces of the delta subunit of the photosynthetic ATP-synthase (E.C. 3.6.1.34) from millet (Sorghum bicolor) and maize (Zea mays). Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993;1142:293-305 pubmed
    ..Lambda gt11 cDNA clones for the nuclear-encoded subunit delta of the chloroplast ATP-synthase from Zea mays and Sorghum bicolor were sequenced. The processing site for S...
  86. Frère C, Prentis P, Gilding E, Mudge A, Cruickshank A, Godwin I. Lack of low frequency variants masks patterns of non-neutral evolution following domestication. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23041 pubmed publisher
    ..including maize and rice, but few studies have to date detected signals of artificial selection in the Sorghum bicolor genome. Based on evidence that domesticated S...
  87. Xiao Xia Y, Zhi Hua L, Zhuo Y, Yue S, Xiao Yu L. Development of SSR Markers Linked to Low Hydrocyanic Acid Content in Sorghum-Sudan Grass Hybrid Based on BSA Method. Protein Pept Lett. 2016;23:417-23 pubmed
    b>Sorghum-Sudan grass hybrid containing high hydrocyanic acid content can cause hydrocyanic acid poisoning to the livestock and limit the popularization of this forage crop...
  88. Hipskind J, Nicholson R, Goldsbrough P. Isolation of a cDNA encoding a novel leucine-rich repeat motif from Sorghum bicolor inoculated with fungi. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 1996;9:819-25 pubmed
    A sorghum cDNA clone has been isolated that encodes a protein containing six imperfect leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) of approximately 22 amino acids in length...
  89. Wang Y, Wang Q, Zhao Y, Han G, Zhu S. Systematic analysis of maize class III peroxidase gene family reveals a conserved subfamily involved in abiotic stress response. Gene. 2015;566:95-108 pubmed publisher
    ..with limited functional divergence during the duplication events, and comparative analysis among maize, sorghum and rice revealed that there were independent duplication events besides the whole-genome duplication of the ..
  90. Amoako D, Awika J. Polymeric tannins significantly alter properties and in vitro digestibility of partially gelatinized intact starch granule. Food Chem. 2016;208:10-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Extracts from tannin and non-tannin sorghum, and cellulose control, were reacted with normal and waxy maize starch in 30% (30E) and 50% ethanol (50E) ..
  91. Xu Y, Liu F, Han G, Cheng B. Genome-wide identification and comparative analysis of phosphate starvation-responsive transcription factors in maize and three other gramineous plants. Plant Cell Rep. 2018;37:711-726 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we identified 64 PHR genes in four gramineous plants, including maize, rice, sorghum, and brachypodium, and conducted systematical analyses on phylogenetic, structure, collinearity, and expression ..
  92. Techaparin A, Thanonkeo P, Klanrit P. Gene expression profiles of the thermotolerant yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain KKU-VN8 during high-temperature ethanol fermentation using sweet sorghum juice. Biotechnol Lett. 2017;39:1521-1527 pubmed publisher
    ..high-ethanol producer, in response to various stresses during high-temperature ethanol fermentation using sweet sorghum juice (SSJ) under optimal conditions. The maximal ethanol concentration obtained by S...