maize

Summary

Alias: Zea mays, Zea mays L., Zea mays mays, Zea mays var. japonica

Top Publications

  1. Vallabhaneni R, Wurtzel E. Timing and biosynthetic potential for carotenoid accumulation in genetically diverse germplasm of maize. Plant Physiol. 2009;150:562-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The grass family (Poaceae) contains major crop staples, including maize (Zea mays), wheat (Triticum aestivum), rice (Oryza sativa), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and millet (Pennisetum glaucum)...
  2. Vallabhaneni R, Gallagher C, Licciardello N, Cuttriss A, Quinlan R, Wurtzel E. Metabolite sorting of a germplasm collection reveals the hydroxylase3 locus as a new target for maize provitamin A biofortification. Plant Physiol. 2009;151:1635-45 pubmed publisher
    ..burden, can be alleviated through provitamin A carotenoid biofortification of major crop staples such as maize (Zea mays) and other grasses in the Poaceae...
  3. Fan L, Bao J, Wang Y, Yao J, Gui Y, Hu W, et al. Post-domestication selection in the maize starch pathway. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e7612 pubmed publisher
    ..Chinese waxy maize, which originated from non-glutinous domesticated maize (Zea mays ssp. mays), provides a unique model for investigating the post-domestication selection of maize...
  4. Apostolakos P, Panteris E, Galatis B. The involvement of phospholipases C and D in the asymmetric division of subsidiary cell mother cells of Zea mays. Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2008;65:863-75 pubmed publisher
    ..phospholipase C and D (PLC and PLD) pathways in the asymmetric divisions that produce the stomatal complexes of Zea mays was investigated...
  5. Ca as R, Quiller I, Christ A, Hirel B. Nitrogen metabolism in the developing ear of maize (Zea mays): analysis of two lines contrasting in their mode of nitrogen management. New Phytol. 2009;184:340-52 pubmed publisher
    The main steps of nitrogen (N) metabolism were characterized in the developing ear of the two maize (Zea mays) lines F2 and Io, which were previously used to investigate the genetic basis of nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in relation to ..
  6. Feiz L, Williams Carrier R, Wostrikoff K, Belcher S, Barkan A, Stern D. Ribulose-1,5-bis-phosphate carboxylase/oxygenase accumulation factor1 is required for holoenzyme assembly in maize. Plant Cell. 2012;24:3435-46 pubmed
    ..Here, we report the identification of a chloroplast protein required for Rubisco accumulation in maize (Zea mays), RUBISCO ACCUMULATION FACTOR1 (RAF1), which lacks any characterized functional domains...
  7. Danilevskaya O, Meng X, Hou Z, Ananiev E, Simmons C. A genomic and expression compendium of the expanded PEBP gene family from maize. Plant Physiol. 2008;146:250-64 pubmed
    ..Twenty-five maize (Zea mays) genes that encode PEBP-like proteins, likely the entire gene family, were identified and named Zea mays ..
  8. Carey C, Strahle J, Selinger D, Chandler V. Mutations in the pale aleurone color1 regulatory gene of the Zea mays anthocyanin pathway have distinct phenotypes relative to the functionally similar TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1 gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell. 2004;16:450-64 pubmed publisher
    The pale aleurone color1 (pac1) locus, required for anthocyanin pigment in the aleurone and scutellum of the Zea mays (maize) seed, was cloned using Mutator transposon tagging...
  9. Muszynski M, Dam T, Li B, Shirbroun D, Hou Z, Bruggemann E, et al. delayed flowering1 Encodes a basic leucine zipper protein that mediates floral inductive signals at the shoot apex in maize. Plant Physiol. 2006;142:1523-36 pubmed
    ..In this study, we report cloning and characterization of the maize (Zea mays) flowering time gene delayed flowering1 (dlf1)...

More Information

Publications163 found, 100 shown here

  1. Li J, Guo G, Guo W, Guo G, Tong D, Ni Z, et al. miRNA164-directed cleavage of ZmNAC1 confers lateral root development in maize (Zea mays L.). BMC Plant Biol. 2012;12:220 pubmed publisher
    ..in turn affects lateral root development in Arabidopsis; however, little is known about the involvement of the maize NAC family and miR164 in lateral root development. ..
  2. Shukla S, VanToai T, Pratt R. Expression and nucleotide sequence of an INS (3) P1 synthase gene associated with low-phytate kernels in maize (Zea mays L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:4565-70 pubmed publisher
    Most of the phosphorus (P) in maize (Zea mays L.) kernels is in the form of phytic acid. A low phytic acid (lpa) maize mutant, lpa1-1, displays levels reduced by 66%...
  3. Lai J, Ma J, Swigonova Z, Ramakrishna W, Linton E, Llaca V, et al. Gene loss and movement in the maize genome. Genome Res. 2004;14:1924-31 pubmed
    Maize (Zea mays L. ssp. mays), one of the most important agricultural crops in the world, originated by hybridization of two closely related progenitors...
  4. Morohashi K, Casas M, Falcone Ferreyra M, Falcone Ferreyra L, Mejia Guerra M, Pourcel L, et al. A genome-wide regulatory framework identifies maize pericarp color1 controlled genes. Plant Cell. 2012;24:2745-64 pubmed publisher
    ..P1) encodes an R2R3-MYB transcription factor responsible for the accumulation of insecticidal flavones in maize (Zea mays) silks and red phlobaphene pigments in pericarps and other floral tissues, which makes P1 an important visual ..
  5. Guillaumie S, Goffner D, Barbier O, Martinant J, Pichon M, Barrière Y. Expression of cell wall related genes in basal and ear internodes of silking brown-midrib-3, caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) down-regulated, and normal maize plants. BMC Plant Biol. 2008;8:71 pubmed publisher
    Silage maize is a major forage and energy resource for cattle feeding, and several studies have shown that lignin content and structure are the determining factors in forage maize feeding value...
  6. Yan Y, Christensen S, Isakeit T, Engelberth J, Meeley R, Hayward A, et al. Disruption of OPR7 and OPR8 reveals the versatile functions of jasmonic acid in maize development and defense. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1420-36 pubmed publisher
    Here, multiple functions of jasmonic acid (JA) in maize (Zea mays) are revealed by comprehensive analyses of JA-deficient mutants of the two oxo-phytodienoate reductase genes, OPR7 and OPR8...
  7. Ostersetzer O, Cooke A, Watkins K, Barkan A. CRS1, a chloroplast group II intron splicing factor, promotes intron folding through specific interactions with two intron domains. Plant Cell. 2005;17:241-55 pubmed
    ..The maize (Zea mays) protein Chloroplast RNA Splicing 1 (CRS1) is required specifically for the splicing of the group II intron in ..
  8. Zhang A, Zhang J, Ye N, Cao J, Tan M, Zhang J, et al. ZmMPK5 is required for the NADPH oxidase-mediated self-propagation of apoplastic H2O2 in brassinosteroid-induced antioxidant defence in leaves of maize. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:4399-411 pubmed publisher
    ..between the activation of ZmMPK5 and H(2)O(2) production in BR signalling were investigated in leaves of maize (Zea mays) plants...
  9. Gavazzi F, Lazzari B, Ciceri P, Gianazza E, Viotti A. Wild-type opaque2 and defective opaque2 polypeptides form complexes in maize endosperm cells and bind the opaque2-zein target site. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:933-45 pubmed
    ..O2) basic leucine (Leu)-zipper transcriptional activator controls the expression of several genes in maize (Zea mays)...
  10. Fu Z, Yan J, Zheng Y, Warburton M, Crouch J, Li J. Nucleotide diversity and molecular evolution of the PSY1 gene in Zea mays compared to some other grass species. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;120:709-20 pubmed publisher
    ..diversity and evolution pattern of PSY1 within the Andropogoneae, sequences of 76 accessions from 5 species (maize, teosinte, tripsacum, coix, and sorghum) of the Andropogoneae were tested, along with 4 accessions of rice (Oryza ..
  11. LeClere S, Schmelz E, Chourey P. Sugar levels regulate tryptophan-dependent auxin biosynthesis in developing maize kernels. Plant Physiol. 2010;153:306-18 pubmed publisher
    The maize (Zea mays) Miniature1 (Mn1) locus encodes the cell wall invertase INCW2, which is localized predominantly in the basal endosperm transfer layer of developing kernels and catalyzes the conversion of sucrose into glucose and ..
  12. Majer C, Xu C, Berendzen K, Hochholdinger F. Molecular interactions of ROOTLESS CONCERNING CROWN AND SEMINAL ROOTS, a LOB domain protein regulating shoot-borne root initiation in maize (Zea mays L.). Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2012;367:1542-51 pubmed publisher
    ..encodes a LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES domain (LBD) protein that regulates shoot-borne root initiation in maize (Zea mays L.)...
  13. Schwarz Sommer Z, Shepherd N, Tacke E, Gierl A, Rohde W, Leclercq L, et al. Influence of transposable elements on the structure and function of the A1 gene of Zea mays. EMBO J. 1987;6:287-94 pubmed
    The structure of the A1 gene of Zea mays was determined by sequencing cDNA and genomic clones. The gene is composed of four exons and three short introns. The 40.1-kd A1 protein is an NADPH-dependent reductase...
  14. Andersen J, Schrag T, Melchinger A, Zein I, L bberstedt T. Validation of Dwarf8 polymorphisms associated with flowering time in elite European inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2005;111:206-17 pubmed publisher
    ..One of several pathways influencing this transition in plants is the gibberellin (GA) pathway. In maize (Zea mays L...
  15. Lu Y, Li Y, Zhang J, Xiao Y, Yue Y, Duan L, et al. Overexpression of Arabidopsis molybdenum cofactor sulfurase gene confers drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e52126 pubmed publisher
    ..Transgenic maize (Zea mays L...
  16. Wu S, Yu Z, Wang F, Li W, Ye C, Li J, et al. Cloning, characterization, and transformation of the phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase gene (ZmPEAMT1) in maize (Zea mays L.). Mol Biotechnol. 2007;36:102-12 pubmed
    ..1.1.103). Herein we report the cloning and characterization of the novel maize phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase gene (ZmPEAMT1) using a combination of bioinformatics and a PCR-based ..
  17. Soderlund C, Descour A, Kudrna D, Bomhoff M, Boyd L, Currie J, et al. Sequencing, mapping, and analysis of 27,455 maize full-length cDNAs. PLoS Genet. 2009;5:e1000740 pubmed publisher
    ..Approximately 94% of the FLcDNAs were stringently mapped to the maize genome. Although nearly two-thirds of this genome is composed of transposable elements (TEs), only 5...
  18. Yan J, Kandianis C, Harjes C, Bai L, Kim E, Yang X, et al. Rare genetic variation at Zea mays crtRB1 increases beta-carotene in maize grain. Nat Genet. 2010;42:322-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Experimental evidence from association and linkage populations in maize (Zea mays L...
  19. Wang Q, Dooner H. Remarkable variation in maize genome structure inferred from haplotype diversity at the bz locus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:17644-9 pubmed
    b>Maize is probably the most diverse of all crop species. Unexpectedly large differences among haplotypes were first revealed in a comparison of the bz genomic regions of two different inbred lines, McC and B73...
  20. Sekhon R, Peterson T, Chopra S. Epigenetic modifications of distinct sequences of the p1 regulatory gene specify tissue-specific expression patterns in maize. Genetics. 2007;175:1059-70 pubmed
    ..In maize, the P1-wr allele of pericarp color1 is composed of multiple copies arranged in a head-to-tail fashion...
  21. Coneva V, Zhu T, Colasanti J. Expression differences between normal and indeterminate1 maize suggest downstream targets of ID1, a floral transition regulator in maize. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:3679-93 pubmed
    The INDETERMINATE1 (ID1) transcription factor is a key regulator of the transition to flowering in maize. ID1 is expressed in immature leaves where it controls the production or transmission of leaf-derived florigenic signals...
  22. Brugi re N, Humbert S, Rizzo N, Bohn J, Habben J. A member of the maize isopentenyl transferase gene family, Zea mays isopentenyl transferase 2 (ZmIPT2), encodes a cytokinin biosynthetic enzyme expressed during kernel development. Cytokinin biosynthesis in maize. Plant Mol Biol. 2008;67:215-29 pubmed publisher
    ..In maize, CKs are thought to play an important role in establishing seed size and increasing seed set under normal and ..
  23. Skirpan A, Wu X, McSteen P. Genetic and physical interaction suggest that BARREN STALK 1 is a target of BARREN INFLORESCENCE2 in maize inflorescence development. Plant J. 2008;55:787-97 pubmed publisher
    Organogenesis in plants is controlled by polar auxin transport. In maize (Zea mays), barren inflorescence2 (bif2) encodes a co-ortholog of the serine/threonine protein kinase PINOID (PID), which regulates auxin transport in Arabidopsis...
  24. Kong X, Pan J, Zhang M, Xing X, Zhou Y, Liu Y, et al. ZmMKK4, a novel group C mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase in maize (Zea mays), confers salt and cold tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Environ. 2011;34:1291-303 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we isolated a novel group C MAPKK gene, ZmMKK4, from maize. Northern blotting analysis revealed that the ZmMKK4 transcript expression was up-regulated by cold, high salt and ..
  25. Ying S, Zhang D, Li H, Liu Y, Shi Y, Song Y, et al. Cloning and characterization of a maize SnRK2 protein kinase gene confers enhanced salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Cell Rep. 2011;30:1683-99 pubmed publisher
    ..the regulatory mechanisms of SnRK2 have been well demonstrated in Arabidopsis thaliana, their functions in maize are still unknown...
  26. Hu Y, Li Y, Zhang J, Liu H, Tian M, Huang Y. Binding of ABI4 to a CACCG motif mediates the ABA-induced expression of the ZmSSI gene in maize (Zea mays L.) endosperm. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:5979-89 pubmed publisher
    Starch synthase I (SSI) contributes the majority of the starch synthase activity in developing maize endosperm...
  27. K llner T, Schnee C, Gershenzon J, Degenhardt J. The variability of sesquiterpenes emitted from two Zea mays cultivars is controlled by allelic variation of two terpene synthase genes encoding stereoselective multiple product enzymes. Plant Cell. 2004;16:1115-31 pubmed publisher
    The mature leaves and husks of Zea mays release a complex blend of terpene volatiles after anthesis consisting predominantly of bisabolane-, sesquithujane-, and bergamotane-type sesquiterpenes...
  28. Nguyen H, Leipner J, Stamp P, Guerra Peraza O. Low temperature stress in maize (Zea mays L.) induces genes involved in photosynthesis and signal transduction as studied by suppression subtractive hybridization. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2009;47:116-22 pubmed publisher
    ..To better understand the cold acclimation of maize (Zea mays L.) it is important to identify components of the cold stress response...
  29. Xie Y, Chen Z, Brown R, Bhatnagar D. Expression and functional characterization of two pathogenesis-related protein 10 genes from Zea mays. J Plant Physiol. 2010;167:121-30 pubmed publisher
    A novel PR10 gene (ZmPR10.1) was isolated from maize and its expression and function were compared with the previous ZmPR10. ZmPR10.1 shares 89.8% and 85.7% identity to ZmPR10 at the nucleotide and amino acid sequence level, respectively...
  30. Park Y, Kunze S, Ni X, Feussner I, Kolomiets M. Comparative molecular and biochemical characterization of segmentally duplicated 9-lipoxygenase genes ZmLOX4 and ZmLOX5 of maize. Planta. 2010;231:1425-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein we report on molecular and biochemical characterization of two closely related maize 9-lipoxygenase paralogs, ZmLOX4 and ZmLOX5...
  31. Han B, Xu S, Xie Y, Huang J, Wang L, Yang Z, et al. ZmHO-1, a maize haem oxygenase-1 gene, plays a role in determining lateral root development. Plant Sci. 2012;184:63-74 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, a cDNA for the gene ZmHO-1, encoding an HO-1 protein, was cloned from Zea mays seedlings...
  32. Sosso D, Canut M, Gendrot G, Dedieu A, Chambrier P, Barkan A, et al. PPR8522 encodes a chloroplast-targeted pentatricopeptide repeat protein necessary for maize embryogenesis and vegetative development. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:5843-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Loss of PPR8522 from maize (Zea mays) confers an embryo-specific (emb) phenotype...
  33. Yang H, Kaur N, Kiriakopolos S, McCormick S. EST generation and analyses towards identifying female gametophyte-specific genes in Zea mays L. Planta. 2006;224:1004-14 pubmed publisher
    ..cell-specific expression patterns, we constructed cDNA libraries from female gametophytes and from egg cells of maize and sequenced more than 8,500 ESTs...
  34. Nardmann J, Werr W. The shoot stem cell niche in angiosperms: expression patterns of WUS orthologues in rice and maize imply major modifications in the course of mono- and dicot evolution. Mol Biol Evol. 2006;23:2492-504 pubmed
    ..We have identified WUS orthologues in maize and rice by a detailed phylogenetic analysis of the WOX gene family and subsequent cloning...
  35. Mika A, Buck F, L thje S. Membrane-bound class III peroxidases: identification, biochemical properties and sequence analysis of isoenzymes purified from maize (Zea mays L.) roots. J Proteomics. 2008;71:412-24 pubmed publisher
    The occurrence of three plasma membrane-bound class III peroxidases has been demonstrated for maize (Zea mays L.) roots [Mika and Lüthje (2003) Plant Physiol. 132:1489-1498]...
  36. Maréchal A, Parent J, Véronneau Lafortune F, Joyeux A, Lang B, Brisson N. Whirly proteins maintain plastid genome stability in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:14693-8 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Maize mutants for the ZmWhy1 Whirly protein also show an increase in the frequency of illegitimate recombination...
  37. Szczegielniak J, Borkiewicz L, Szurmak B, Lewandowska Gnatowska E, Statkiewicz M, Klimecka M, et al. Maize calcium-dependent protein kinase (ZmCPK11): local and systemic response to wounding, regulation by touch and components of jasmonate signaling. Physiol Plant. 2012;146:1-14 pubmed publisher
    Expression of ZmCPK11, a member of the maize (Zea mays) calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) family, is induced by mechanical wounding. A rapid increase of the activity of a 56-kDa CDPK has been observed in damaged leaves...
  38. Zhang J, Simmons C, Yalpani N, Crane V, Wilkinson H, Kolomiets M. Genomic analysis of the 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid reductase gene family of Zea mays. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;59:323-43 pubmed
    ..and analysis of ESTs and genomic sequences from available private and public databases revealed that the maize genome encodes eight OPR genes...
  39. Taramino G, Sauer M, Stauffer J, Multani D, Niu X, Sakai H, et al. The maize (Zea mays L.) RTCS gene encodes a LOB domain protein that is a key regulator of embryonic seminal and post-embryonic shoot-borne root initiation. Plant J. 2007;50:649-59 pubmed publisher
    b>Maize has a complex root system composed of different root types formed during different stages of development...
  40. Murphy S, Simmons C, Bass H. Structure and expression of the maize (Zea mays L.) SUN-domain protein gene family: evidence for the existence of two divergent classes of SUN proteins in plants. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:269 pubmed publisher
    ..We found and characterized a family of maize SUN-domain proteins, starting with a screen of maize genomic sequence data...
  41. Barbazuk W, Emrich S, Chen H, Li L, Schnable P. SNP discovery via 454 transcriptome sequencing. Plant J. 2007;51:910-8 pubmed
    ..Corporation was used to sequence the transcriptomes of shoot apical meristems isolated from two inbred lines of maize using laser capture microdissection (LCM)...
  42. Lin F, Zhang Y, Jiang M. Alternative splicing and differential expression of two transcripts of nicotine adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase B gene from Zea mays. J Integr Plant Biol. 2009;51:287-98 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study reports the cloning and analysis of a novel rboh gene, termed ZmrbohB, from maize (Zea mays L.)...
  43. Slewinski T, Anderson A, Zhang C, Turgeon R. Scarecrow plays a role in establishing Kranz anatomy in maize leaves. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:2030-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The high productivity of maize (Zea mays), sugarcane (Saccharum spp...
  44. Roberts L, Pierson A, Panaviene Z, Walker E. Yellow stripe1. Expanded roles for the maize iron-phytosiderophore transporter. Plant Physiol. 2004;135:112-20 pubmed
    ..The gene Yellow stripe1 (Ys1) encodes the Fe(III)-PS transporter of maize (Zea mays)...
  45. Lai J, Li Y, Messing J, Dooner H. Gene movement by Helitron transposons contributes to the haplotype variability of maize. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:9068-73 pubmed
    Different maize inbred lines are polymorphic for the presence or absence of genic sequences at various allelic chromosomal locations...
  46. Burton R, Wilson S, Hrmova M, Harvey A, Shirley N, Medhurst A, et al. Cellulose synthase-like CslF genes mediate the synthesis of cell wall (1,3;1,4)-beta-D-glucans. Science. 2006;311:1940-2 pubmed
  47. Vernoud V, Laigle G, Rozier F, Meeley R, Perez P, Rogowsky P. The HD-ZIP IV transcription factor OCL4 is necessary for trichome patterning and anther development in maize. Plant J. 2009;59:883-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report the functional analysis of the maize HD-ZIP IV gene OCL4 (outer cell layer 4) via the phenotypic analysis of two insertional mutants, and of OCL4-RNAi ..
  48. Guo M, Rupe M, Dieter J, Zou J, Spielbauer D, Duncan K, et al. Cell Number Regulator1 affects plant and organ size in maize: implications for crop yield enhancement and heterosis. Plant Cell. 2010;22:1057-73 pubmed publisher
    ..To expand investigation of how related genes may impact other crop plant or organ sizes, we identified the maize (Zea mays) gene family of putative fw2.2 orthologs, naming them Cell Number Regulator (CNR) genes...
  49. Barbaglia A, Klusman K, Higgins J, Shaw J, Hannah L, Lal S. Gene capture by Helitron transposons reshuffles the transcriptome of maize. Genetics. 2012;190:965-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Helitrons, particularly those of maize, exhibit an intriguing property of capturing gene fragments and placing them into the mobile element...
  50. Jimenez Lopez J, Morales S, Castro A, Volkmann D, Rodríguez García M, Alché J. Characterization of profilin polymorphism in pollen with a focus on multifunctionality. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30878 pubmed publisher
    ..Ole e 2), Betula pendula (Bet v 2), Phleum pratense (Phl p 12), Zea mays (Zea m 12) and Corylus avellana (Cor a 2)...
  51. Wostrikoff K, Clark A, Sato S, Clemente T, Stern D. Ectopic expression of Rubisco subunits in maize mesophyll cells does not overcome barriers to cell type-specific accumulation. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:419-32 pubmed publisher
    In maize (Zea mays), Rubisco accumulates in bundle sheath but not mesophyll chloroplasts, but the mechanisms that underlie cell type-specific expression are poorly understood...
  52. Ma F, Lu R, Liu H, Shi B, Zhang J, Tan M, et al. Nitric oxide-activated calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase regulates the abscisic acid-induced antioxidant defence in maize. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:4835-47 pubmed publisher
    ..and endogenous ABA induced increases in the activity of ZmCCaMK and the expression of ZmCCaMK in leaves of maize. Subcellular localization analysis showed that ZmCCaMK is located in the nucleus, the cytoplasm, and the plasma ..
  53. Tang H, Liu S, Hill Skinner S, Wu W, REED D, Yeh C, et al. The maize brown midrib2 (bm2) gene encodes a methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase that contributes to lignin accumulation. Plant J. 2014;77:380-92 pubmed publisher
    The midribs of maize brown midrib (bm) mutants exhibit a reddish-brown color associated with reductions in lignin concentration and alterations in lignin composition...
  54. McMullen M, Kross H, Snook M, Cortés Cruz M, Houchins K, Musket T, et al. Salmon silk genes contribute to the elucidation of the flavone pathway in maize (Zea mays L.). J Hered. 2004;95:225-33 pubmed
    We utilized maize (Zea mays L...
  55. Lazakis C, Coneva V, Colasanti J. ZCN8 encodes a potential orthologue of Arabidopsis FT florigen that integrates both endogenous and photoperiod flowering signals in maize. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:4833-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, a large family of FT homologues in maize, the Zea CENTRORADIALIS (ZCN) genes, was described, suggesting that maize also contains FT-related proteins that ..
  56. Zhang N, Qiao Z, Liang Z, Mei B, Xu Z, Song R. Zea mays Taxilin protein negatively regulates opaque-2 transcriptional activity by causing a change in its sub-cellular distribution. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e43822 pubmed publisher
    b>Zea mays (maize) Opaque-2 (ZmO2) protein is an important bZIP transcription factor that regulates the expression of major storage proteins (22-kD zeins) and other important genes during maize seed development...
  57. Gu R, Duan F, An X, Zhang F, von Wir n N, Yuan L. Characterization of AMT-mediated high-affinity ammonium uptake in roots of maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Cell Physiol. 2013;54:1515-24 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we aimed at characterizing AMT-mediated ammonium transport in maize, for which ammonium-based fertilizer is an important nitrogen (N) source...
  58. Skipsey M, Davis B, Edwards R. Diversification in substrate usage by glutathione synthetases from soya bean (Glycine max), wheat (Triticum aestivum) and maize (Zea mays). Biochem J. 2005;391:567-74 pubmed publisher
    ..wheat (hydroxymethylglutathione or gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-serine) and maize (gamma-Glu-Cys-Glu)...
  59. Herrmann M, Pinto S, Kluth J, Wienand U, Lorbiecke R. The PTI1-like kinase ZmPti1a from maize (Zea mays L.) co-localizes with callose at the plasma membrane of pollen and facilitates a competitive advantage to the male gametophyte. BMC Plant Biol. 2006;6:22 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the identification and molecular analysis of four Pti1-like kinases from maize (ZmPti1a, -b, -c, -d)...
  60. Bolduc N, Hake S. The maize transcription factor KNOTTED1 directly regulates the gibberellin catabolism gene ga2ox1. Plant Cell. 2009;21:1647-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a combination of double mutant analysis and biochemistry, we found that in maize (Zea mays), KN1 negatively modulates the accumulation of gibberellin (GA) through the control of ga2ox1, which codes for an ..
  61. Gallavotti A, Long J, Stanfield S, Yang X, Jackson D, Vollbrecht E, et al. The control of axillary meristem fate in the maize ramosa pathway. Development. 2010;137:2849-56 pubmed publisher
    ..transcription factor RAMOSA1 (RA1) regulates the fate of most axillary meristems during the early development of maize inflorescences, the tassel and the ear, and has been implicated in the evolution of grass architecture...
  62. Erhard K, Stonaker J, Parkinson S, Lim J, Hale C, Hollick J. RNA polymerase IV functions in paramutation in Zea mays. Science. 2009;323:1201-5 pubmed publisher
    ..By use of mutation selection and positional cloning, we showed that the largest subunit of the presumed maize Pol IV is involved in paramutation, an inherited epigenetic change facilitated by an interaction between two ..
  63. Meng X, Muszynski M, Danilevskaya O. The FT-like ZCN8 Gene Functions as a Floral Activator and Is Involved in Photoperiod Sensitivity in Maize. Plant Cell. 2011;23:942-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In our search for a maize FT-like floral activator(s), seven Zea mays CENTRORADIALIS (ZCN) genes encoding FT homologous proteins were studied...
  64. Prikryl J, Watkins K, Friso G, van Wijk K, Barkan A. A member of the Whirly family is a multifunctional RNA- and DNA-binding protein that is essential for chloroplast biogenesis. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008;36:5152-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified the maize WHY1 ortholog among proteins that coimmunoprecipitate with CRS1, which promotes the splicing of the chloroplast ..
  65. Hayes K, Beatty M, Meng X, Simmons C, Habben J, Danilevskaya O. Maize global transcriptomics reveals pervasive leaf diurnal rhythms but rhythms in developing ears are largely limited to the core oscillator. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e12887 pubmed publisher
    ..A comprehensive view of diurnal biology has been lacking for maize (Zea mays), a major world crop...
  66. Hartings H, Lauria M, Lazzaroni N, Pirona R, Motto M. The Zea mays mutants opaque-2 and opaque-7 disclose extensive changes in endosperm metabolism as revealed by protein, amino acid, and transcriptome-wide analyses. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:41 pubmed publisher
    The changes in storage reserve accumulation during maize (Zea mays L.) grain maturation are well established...
  67. Khrouchtchova A, Monde R, Barkan A. A short PPR protein required for the splicing of specific group II introns in angiosperm chloroplasts. RNA. 2012;18:1197-209 pubmed publisher
    A maize gene designated thylakoid assembly 8 (tha8) emerged from a screen for nuclear mutations that cause defects in the biogenesis of chloroplast thylakoid membranes...
  68. Z rb C, Noll A, Karl S, Leib K, Yan F, Schubert S. Molecular characterization of Na+/H+ antiporters (ZmNHX) of maize (Zea mays L.) and their expression under salt stress. J Plant Physiol. 2005;162:55-66 pubmed publisher
    Six full-length gene transcripts ZmNHX1-6 from Zea mays L. that were homologous to tonoplast-associated Na+/H+ antiporter were identified...
  69. Haun W, Danilevskaya O, Meeley R, Springer N. Disruption of imprinting by mutator transposon insertions in the 5' proximal regions of the Zea mays Mez1 locus. Genetics. 2009;181:1229-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The Mez1 gene in maize is imprinted such that the maternal allele is expressed in the endosperm while the paternal allele is not ..
  70. Kang B, Xiong Y, Williams D, Pozueta Romero D, Chourey P. Miniature1-encoded cell wall invertase is essential for assembly and function of wall-in-growth in the maize endosperm transfer cell. Plant Physiol. 2009;151:1366-76 pubmed publisher
    The miniature1 (mn1) seed phenotype in maize (Zea mays) is due to a loss-of-function mutation at the Mn1 locus that encodes a cell wall invertase (INCW2) that localizes exclusively to the basal endosperm transfer cells (BETCs) of ..
  71. Tamasloukht B, Wong Quai Lam M, Martinez Y, Tozo K, Barbier O, Jourda C, et al. Characterization of a cinnamoyl-CoA reductase 1 (CCR1) mutant in maize: effects on lignification, fibre development, and global gene expression. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3837-48 pubmed publisher
    ..By screening a Mu insertional mutant collection in maize, a mutant in the CCR1 gene was isolated named Zmccr1(-)...
  72. Magnard J, Heckel T, Massonneau A, Wisniewski J, Cordelier S, Lassagne H, et al. Morphogenesis of maize embryos requires ZmPRPL35-1 encoding a plastid ribosomal protein. Plant Physiol. 2004;134:649-63 pubmed
    In emb (embryo specific) mutants of maize (Zea mays), the two fertilization products have opposite fates: Although the endosperm develops normally, the embryo shows more or less severe aberrations in its development, resulting in ..
  73. Gendra E, Moreno A, Alb M, Pages M. Interaction of the plant glycine-rich RNA-binding protein MA16 with a novel nucleolar DEAD box RNA helicase protein from Zea mays. Plant J. 2004;38:875-86 pubmed publisher
    ..By using yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified a DEAD box RNA helicase protein from Zea mays that interacted with MA16, which we named Z. maysDEAD box RNA helicase 1 (ZmDRH1)...
  74. Della Vedova C, Lorbiecke R, Kirsch H, Schulte M, Scheets K, Borchert L, et al. The dominant inhibitory chalcone synthase allele C2-Idf (inhibitor diffuse) from Zea mays (L.) acts via an endogenous RNA silencing mechanism. Genetics. 2005;170:1989-2002 pubmed publisher
    ..of the chalcone synthase gene, c2, which encodes the first dedicated enzyme in this biosynthetic pathway of maize. Homozygous C2-Idf plants show no pigmentation...
  75. Verza N, E Silva T, Neto G, Nogueira F, Fisch P, de Rosa V, et al. Endosperm-preferred expression of maize genes as revealed by transcriptome-wide analysis of expressed sequence tags. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;59:363-74 pubmed
    The transcriptome-wide endosperm-preferred expression of maize genes was addressed by analyzing a large database of expressed sequence tags (ESTs)...
  76. Bashir K, Inoue H, Nagasaka S, Takahashi M, Nakanishi H, Mori S, et al. Cloning and characterization of deoxymugineic acid synthase genes from graminaceous plants. J Biol Chem. 2006;281:32395-402 pubmed publisher
    ..We have isolated DMAS genes from rice (OsDMAS1), barley (HvDMAS1), wheat (TaD-MAS1), and maize (ZmDMAS1)...
  77. Qin F, Kakimoto M, Sakuma Y, Maruyama K, Osakabe Y, Tran L, et al. Regulation and functional analysis of ZmDREB2A in response to drought and heat stresses in Zea mays L. Plant J. 2007;50:54-69 pubmed publisher
    ..In this research, we report the cloning of a DREB2 homolog from maize, ZmDREB2A, whose transcripts were accumulated by cold, dehydration, salt and heat stresses in maize seedlings...
  78. Liu T, Zhang J, Wang M, Wang Z, Li G, Qu L, et al. Expression and functional analysis of ZmDWF4, an ortholog of Arabidopsis DWF4 from maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Cell Rep. 2007;26:2091-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report on the isolation of the ZmDWF4 gene in maize. Sequence analysis revealed that the open reading frame of ZmDWF4 was 1,518 bp, which encodes a protein composed ..
  79. Rahier A, Pierre S, Riveill G, Karst F. Identification of essential amino acid residues in a sterol 8,7-isomerase from Zea mays reveals functional homology and diversity with the isomerases of animal and fungal origin. Biochem J. 2008;414:247-59 pubmed publisher
    A putative 8,7SI (sterol 8,7-isomerase) from Zea mays, termed Zm8,7SI, has been isolated from an EST (expressed sequence tag) library and subcloned into the yeast erg2 mutant lacking 8,7SI activity...
  80. Beick S, Schmitz Linneweber C, Williams Carrier R, Jensen B, Barkan A. The pentatricopeptide repeat protein PPR5 stabilizes a specific tRNA precursor in maize chloroplasts. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:5337-47 pubmed publisher
    ..A genome-wide analysis of chloroplast RNAs that coimmunoprecipitate with Zea mays PPR5 (ZmPPR5) demonstrated that ZmPPR5 is bound in vivo to the unspliced precursor of trnG-UCC...
  81. Sui Z, Niu L, Yue G, Yang A, Zhang J. Cloning and expression analysis of some genes involved in the phosphoinositide and phospholipid signaling pathways from maize (Zea mays L.). Gene. 2008;426:47-56 pubmed publisher
    ..However, little is known about the phosphoinositide and phospholipid signaling pathways in maize (Zea mays L.)...
  82. Rapala Kozik M, Go da A, Kujda M. Enzymes that control the thiamine diphosphate pool in plant tissues. Properties of thiamine pyrophosphokinase and thiamine-(di)phosphate phosphatase purified from Zea mays seedlings. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2009;47:237-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, we characterize highly purified preparations of TPK and a TDP/TMP phosphatase isolated from 6-day Zea mays seedlings. TPK was the 29-kDa monomeric protein, with the optimal activity at pH 9.0, the K(m) values of 12...
  83. Quaggiotti S, Ruperti B, Pizzeghello D, Francioso O, Tugnoli V, Nardi S. Effect of low molecular size humic substances on nitrate uptake and expression of genes involved in nitrate transport in maize (Zea mays L.). J Exp Bot. 2004;55:803-13 pubmed publisher
    ..in roots, tissue nitrate content, and expression of maize genes putatively involved in nitrate uptake in maize (Zea mays L.)...
  84. Li J, Wen T, Schnable P. Role of RAD51 in the repair of MuDR-induced double-strand breaks in maize (Zea mays L.). Genetics. 2008;178:57-66 pubmed publisher
    Rates of Mu transposon insertions and excisions are both high in late somatic cells of maize. In contrast, although high rates of insertions are observed in germinal cells, germinal excisions are recovered only rarely...
  85. Nemchenko A, Kunze S, Feussner I, Kolomiets M. Duplicate maize 13-lipoxygenase genes are differentially regulated by circadian rhythm, cold stress, wounding, pathogen infection, and hormonal treatments. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:3767-79 pubmed
    ..By contrast, the physiological function of LOXs and their metabolites in monocots is poorly understood. Two maize LOXs, ZmLOX10 and ZmLOX11 that share >90% amino acid sequence identity but are localized on different ..
  86. Gao H, Gordon Kamm W, Lyznik L. ASF/SF2-like maize pre-mRNA splicing factors affect splice site utilization and their transcripts are alternatively spliced. Gene. 2004;339:25-37 pubmed
    Three ASF/SF2-like alternative splicing genes from maize were identified, cloned, and analyzed...
  87. Méchin V, Thevenot C, Le Guilloux M, Prioul J, Damerval C. Developmental analysis of maize endosperm proteome suggests a pivotal role for pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase. Plant Physiol. 2007;143:1203-19 pubmed
    Although the morphological steps of maize (Zea mays) endosperm development are well described, very little is known concerning the coordinated accumulation of the numerous proteins involved...
  88. Skirpan A, Culler A, Gallavotti A, Jackson D, Cohen J, McSteen P. BARREN INFLORESCENCE2 interaction with ZmPIN1a suggests a role in auxin transport during maize inflorescence development. Plant Cell Physiol. 2009;50:652-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In maize, BARREN INFLORESCENCE2 (BIF2) encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase co-orthologous to PINOID (PID), which ..
  89. Schmutz D, Brunold C. Intercellular Localization of Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction in Leaves of Zea mays and Triticum aestivum. Plant Physiol. 1984;74:866-70 pubmed
    ..of assimilatory sulfate reduction enzymes between mesophyll and bundle sheath cells was analyzed in maize (Zea mays L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaves...
  90. Gallavotti A, Yang Y, Schmidt R, Jackson D. The Relationship between auxin transport and maize branching. Plant Physiol. 2008;147:1913-23 pubmed publisher
    Maize (Zea mays) plants make different types of vegetative or reproductive branches during development. Branches develop from axillary meristems produced on the flanks of the vegetative or inflorescence shoot apical meristem...
  91. Zimmermann R, Werr W. Pattern formation in the monocot embryo as revealed by NAM and CUC3 orthologues from Zea mays L. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;58:669-85 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast to dicot species, the SAM in Zea mays is not established at an apico-central, but at a lateral position of the transition stage embryo...
  92. Bortiri E, Chuck G, Vollbrecht E, Rocheford T, Martienssen R, Hake S. ramosa2 encodes a LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARY domain protein that determines the fate of stem cells in branch meristems of maize. Plant Cell. 2006;18:574-85 pubmed
    ..Normal maize (Zea mays) ears are unbranched, and tassels have long branches only at their base...