spinach

Summary

Alias: Spinacia oleracea, Spinacea oleracea, Spinacia oleracea L, Spinacia oleracea L., Spinacia oleracea0, spinach oleracea

Top Publications

  1. Kim M, Ku S, Kim S, Lee H, Jin H, Kang S, et al. Safety Evaluations of Bifidobacterium bifidum BGN4 and Bifidobacterium longum BORI. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19: pubmed publisher
    ..g., spinach, ketchup, green pea, sauerkraut, and sausage). B...
  2. Khalid M, Hassani D, Bilal M, Asad F, Huang D. Influence of bio-fertilizer containing beneficial fungi and rhizospheric bacteria on health promoting compounds and antioxidant activity of Spinacia oleracea L. Bot Stud. 2017;58:35 pubmed publisher
    ..Bacillus mucilaginous) and P solubilizer (Bacillus megaterium) on soil fertility and phytochemical levels of spinach. Root colonization by mycorrhizal fungi was increased in the presence of bacterial inoculation in comparison to ..
  3. Ramachandran R, Krishnaraj C, Sivakumar A, Prasannakumar P, Abhay Kumar V, Shim K, et al. Anticancer activity of biologically synthesized silver and gold nanoparticles on mouse myoblast cancer cells and their toxicity against embryonic zebrafish. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2017;73:674-683 pubmed publisher
    ..Both AgNPs and AuNPs were biologically synthesized using Spinacia oleracea Linn., aqueous leaves extract. UV-Vis...
  4. Phuthong W, Huang Z, Wittkopp T, Sznee K, Heinnickel M, Dekker J, et al. The Use of Contact Mode Atomic Force Microscopy in Aqueous Medium for Structural Analysis of Spinach Photosynthetic Complexes. Plant Physiol. 2015;169:1318-32 pubmed publisher
    ..membrane-protruding oxygen-evolving complexes (OECs) associated with photosystem II (PSII) on spinach (Spinacia oleracea) grana membranes were examined using contact mode atomic force microscopy...
  5. Lopez D, Amira M, Brown D, Muries B, Brunel Michac N, Bourgerie S, et al. The Hevea brasiliensis XIP aquaporin subfamily: genomic, structural and functional characterizations with relevance to intensive latex harvesting. Plant Mol Biol. 2016;91:375-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Structural comparison with SoPIP2;1 from Spinacia oleracea species provides new insights into the possible role of structural checkpoints by which HbXIP2;1 ensures ..
  6. Friedman M. Chemistry, Antimicrobial Mechanisms, and Antibiotic Activities of Cinnamaldehyde against Pathogenic Bacteria in Animal Feeds and Human Foods. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..various fruits (bayberries, blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries), vegetables (carrots, celery, lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, and tomatoes), meats (beef, ham, pork, and frankfurters), poultry (chickens and turkeys), seafood (..
  7. Nain Perez A, Barbosa L, Maltha C, Gilberti S, Forlani G. Tailoring natural abenquines to inhibit the photosynthetic electron transport through interaction with the D1 protein in photosystem II. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Molecular docking studies with the plastoquinone binding site of Spinacia oleracea further strengthened this proposal.
  8. Tanaka R, Amijima M, Iwata Y, Koizumi N, Mishiba K. Effect of light and auxin transport inhibitors on endoreduplication in hypocotyl and cotyledon. Plant Cell Rep. 2016;35:2539-2547 pubmed
    ..To gain insight into the effect of TIBA, radish and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) seedlings were treated with a vesicle-trafficking inhibitor, brefeldin A, and an actin polymerization ..
  9. Azmat R, Moin S, Saleem A. The insects as an assessment tool of ecotoxicology associated with metal toxic plants. Chemosphere. 2018;197:703-708 pubmed publisher
    In this article, the assessment of lethal effects of Copper (Cu) on Luffa acutangula and Spinacia oleracea plants investigated in relation to the presence of insect species Oxycarenus hyalinipennis...

More Information

Publications477 found, 100 shown here

  1. Zárate Romero A, Murillo Melo D, Mújica Jiménez C, Montiel C, Muñoz Clares R. Reversible, partial inactivation of plant betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase by betaine aldehyde: mechanism and possible physiological implications. Biochem J. 2016;473:873-85 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we report that the Spinacia oleracea BADH (SoBADH) is reversibly and partially inactivated by BAL in the absence of NAD(+)in a time- and ..
  2. Ghasemidehkordi B, Malekirad A, Nazem H, Fazilati M, Salavati H, Shariatifar N, et al. Concentration of lead and mercury in collected vegetables and herbs from Markazi province, Iran: a non-carcinogenic risk assessment. Food Chem Toxicol. 2018;113:204-210 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the accumulation order, Artemisia dracunculus L with 56.147?±?17.30??g/kg and Spinacia oleracea L with 1733.62?±?2264...
  3. Gonec T, Kos J, Pesko M, Doháňošová J, Oravec M, Liptaj T, et al. Halogenated 1-Hydroxynaphthalene-2-Carboxanilides Affecting Photosynthetic Electron Transport in Photosystem II. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..for their activity related to the inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport (PET) in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplasts...
  4. Hosogi N, Nishioka H, Nakakoshi M. Evaluation of lanthanide salts as alternative stains to uranyl acetate. Microscopy (Oxf). 2015;64:429-35 pubmed publisher
    ..We observed chemically fixed spinach (Spinacia oleracea) leaves stained with these reagents. Ultrathin sections were stained with these reagents...
  5. Najdanova M, Janssen G, de Groot H, Matysik J, Alia A. Analysis of electron donors in photosystems in oxygenic photosynthesis by photo-CIDNP MAS NMR. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015;152:261-71 pubmed publisher
    ..the solid-state photo-CIDNP effect from both photosystem I and II from isolated reaction center of spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and duckweed (Spirodela oligorrhiza) and from the intact cells of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis by (13)C ..
  6. Navarro I, de la Torre A, Sanz P, Porcel M, Pro J, Carbonell G, et al. Uptake of perfluoroalkyl substances and halogenated flame retardants by crop plants grown in biosolids-amended soils. Environ Res. 2017;152:199-206 pubmed publisher
    ..Two species, spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L...
  7. Ding Q, Alborzi S, Bastarrachea L, Tikekar R. Novel sanitization approach based on synergistic action of UV-A light and benzoic acid: Inactivation mechanism and a potential application in washing fresh produce. Food Microbiol. 2018;72:39-54 pubmed publisher
    ..effective in the presence of organic load of up to 500 mg/L of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and was able to lower cross-contamination risk during simulated washing of spinach (Spinacia oleracea) without adversely affecting its color.
  8. Pospisilova S, Kos J, Michnova H, Kapustíková I, Strharsky T, Oravec M, et al. Synthesis and Spectrum of Biological Activities of Novel N-arylcinnamamides. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19: pubmed publisher
    ..for their activity related to the inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport (PET) in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplasts. (2E)-N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-3-phenylprop-2-enamide (IC50 = 5...
  9. Malik S, Ghosh P, Vaidya A, Waindeskar V, Das S, Mudliar S. Comparison of coagulation, ozone and ferrate treatment processes for color, COD and toxicity removal from complex textile wastewater. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:1001-1010 pubmed publisher
    ..A seed germination test using seeds of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) also indicated that ferrate was more effective in removing toxicity from contaminated textile wastewater...
  10. Gilbert M, Bährs H, Steinberg C, Wilhelm C. The artificial humic substance HS1500 does not inhibit photosynthesis of the green alga Desmodesmus armatus in vivo but interacts with the photosynthetic apparatus of isolated spinach thylakoids in vitro. Photosynth Res. 2018;137:403-420 pubmed publisher
    ..we used intact cells of the green alga Desmodesmus armatus, as well as thylakoids isolated from spinach (Spinacia oleracea) as a model system for the green algal chloroplast...
  11. Lee Y, Kim S, Yuk H, Lee G, Kim D. Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze (New Zealand Spinach) Prevents Obesity and Hyperuricemia in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice. Nutrients. 2018;10: pubmed publisher
    i>Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze, called New Zealand spinach (NZS), is an edible plant used in salad in Western countries and has been used to treat gastrointestinal diseases in traditional medicine...
  12. West N, Golenberg E. Gender-specific expression of GIBBERELLIC ACID INSENSITIVE is critical for unisexual organ initiation in dioecious Spinacia oleracea. New Phytol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we tested the mechanism of the feminization pathway in cultivated spinach (Spinacia oleracea), and investigated how this pathway may regulate alternative sexual development...
  13. Hurley B, Pirzai W, Eaton A, Harper M, Roper J, Zimmermann C, et al. An experimental platform using human intestinal epithelial cell lines to differentiate between hazardous and non-hazardous proteins. Food Chem Toxicol. 2016;92:75-87 pubmed publisher
    ..and porcine serum albumin, bovine fibronectin, and ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisco) from spinach. Food allergenic proteins bovine milk ?-lactoglobulin and peanut Ara h 2 were also tested as was the anti-..
  14. Jokar N, Noorhosseini S, Allahyari M, Damalas C. Consumers' acceptance of medicinal herbs: An application of the technology acceptance model (TAM). J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;207:203-210 pubmed publisher
    ..Herbs like spearmint (Mentha spicata L.), spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), Damask rose (Rosa × damascena Herrm.), saffron (Crocus sativus L...
  15. Mano J, Ishibashi A, Muneuchi H, Morita C, Sakai H, Biswas M, et al. Acrolein-detoxifying isozymes of glutathione transferase in plants. Planta. 2017;245:255-264 pubmed publisher
    ..GST activity in four species of plants, and purified an isozyme showing this activity from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaves...
  16. Dogan Y, Nedelcheva A, Łuczaj Ł, Drăgulescu C, Stefkov G, Maglajlić A, et al. Of the importance of a leaf: the ethnobotany of sarma in Turkey and the Balkans. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2015;11:26 pubmed publisher
    ..of cabbage (both fresh and lacto-fermented), grape vine, beet, dock, sorrel, horseradish, lime tree, bean, and spinach. In a few cases, the leaves of endemic species (Centaurea haradjianii, Rumex gracilescens, and R...
  17. Wei S, Chelliah R, Park B, Park J, Forghani F, Park Y, et al. Molecular discrimination of Bacillus cereus group species in foods (lettuce, spinach, and kimbap) using quantitative real-time PCR targeting groEL and gyrB. Microb Pathog. 2018;115:312-320 pubmed publisher
    ..cereus group was determined in three different artificially contaminated vegetable samples (lettuce, spinach, and kimbap), using prominent biomarkers targeting on chaperonin protein (GroEL) and topoisomerase enzyme protein ..
  18. Dua T, Dewanjee S, Gangopadhyay M, Khanra R, Zia Ul Haq M, De Feo V. Ameliorative effect of water spinach, Ipomea aquatica (Convolvulaceae), against experimentally induced arsenic toxicity. J Transl Med. 2015;13:81 pubmed publisher
    ..Presence of substantial quantities of dietary antioxidants within AEIA would be responsible for overall protective effect. ..
  19. Amir R, Randhawa M, Nadeem M, Ahmed A, Ahmad A, Khan M, et al. Assessing and Reporting Household Chemicals as a Novel Tool to Mitigate Pesticide Residues in Spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Sci Rep. 2019;9:1125 pubmed publisher
    ..radish, ginger, garlic, and lemon extracts) were evaluated for their efficiency for removal of pesticides in spinach by gas chromatography with electron capture detector (GC-ECD)...
  20. Albert A, Tiwari V, Paul E, Ponnusamy S, Ganesan D, Prabhakaran R, et al. Oral administration of oxalate-enriched spinach extract as an improved methodology for the induction of dietary hyperoxaluric nephrocalcinosis in experimental rats. Toxicol Mech Methods. 2017;:1-10 pubmed publisher
    ..75% EG, group III rats fed with 5% KOx diet and group IV and V rats were administered with spinach extract of 250 and 500?mg soluble oxalate/day respectively, for 28 d. Urine and serum biochemistry were analyzed...
  21. Saeed M, Babazadeh D, Naveed M, Arain M, Hassan F, Chao S. Reconsidering betaine as a natural anti-heat stress agent in poultry industry: a review. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2017;49:1329-1338 pubmed publisher
    Betaine is found ubiquitously in plants, animals, microorganisms, and rich dietary sources including seafood, spinach, and wheat bran. The chief physiological role of betaine is to function as a methyl donor and an osmolyte...
  22. Rebello C, O Neil C, Greenway F. Gut fat signaling and appetite control with special emphasis on the effect of thylakoids from spinach on eating behavior. Int J Obes (Lond). 2015;39:1679-88 pubmed publisher
    ..This review explores gut lipid sensing and signaling in the context of appetite regulation. The effects of thylakoid membranes on eating behavior are also reviewed. ..
  23. Burganowski R, Vahter M, Queirolo E, Peregalli F, Baccino V, Barcia E, et al. A cross-sectional study of urinary cadmium concentrations in relation to dietary intakes in Uruguayan school children. Sci Total Environ. 2019;658:1239-1248 pubmed publisher
    ..of grains, root vegetables, milk, and foods rich in heme iron (white and read meats) and non-heme iron (legumes, spinach, broccoli, tomatoes, dried fruit) were derived...
  24. Xia P, Zhang G, Walker B, Seo S, Kwak S, Liu J, et al. Recycling Carbon Dioxide during Xylose Fermentation by Engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ACS Synth Biol. 2017;6:276-283 pubmed publisher
    ..ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase from Rhodospirillum rubrum and phosphoribulokinase from Spinacia oleracea were introduced into the SR8 strain...
  25. Wu X, Zhu L. Prediction of organic contaminant uptake by plants: Modified partition-limited model based on a sequential ultrasonic extraction procedure. Environ Pollut. 2019;246:124-130 pubmed publisher
    ..radish), Spinacia oleracea L. (spinach) and Capsicum annuum L...
  26. Callahan M, Micallef S, Sharma M, Millner P, Buchanan R. Metrics Proposed To Prevent the Harvest of Leafy Green Crops Exposed to Floodwater Contaminated with Escherichia coli. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016;82:3746-3753 pubmed publisher
    ..The upper end of a spinach bed (in Beltsville, MD) established on a -5% grade was flooded with water containing 6 log CFU/ml Escherichia ..
  27. Chang H, Huang H, Cheng C, Ho M, Ger M. Constitutive expression of a plant ferredoxin-like protein (pflp) enhances capacity of photosynthetic carbon assimilation in rice (Oryza sativa). Transgenic Res. 2017;26:279-289 pubmed publisher
    ..shows high homology to the Fd-I sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana, Lycopersicon esculentum, Oryza sativa and Spinacia oleracea. Most of pflp related studies focused on anti-pathogenic effects, while less understanding for the effects ..
  28. Yoon Y, Kuppusamy S, Cho K, Kim P, Kwack Y, Lee Y. Influence of cold stress on contents of soluble sugars, vitamin C and free amino acids including gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Food Chem. 2017;215:185-92 pubmed publisher
    ..In general, greenhouse cultivation produced nutritionally high value spinach in a shorter growing period, where the soluble sugars, vitamin C and total amino acids concentrations, including ..
  29. Yadav M, Parle M, Sharma N, Jindal D, Bhidhasra A, Dhingra M, et al. Protective effects of Spinacia oleracea seeds extract in an experimental model of schizophrenia: Possible behavior, biochemical, neurochemical and cellular alterations. Biomed Pharmacother. 2018;105:1015-1025 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Spinacia oleracea is one of these, reported to have beneficial effect against several neurodegenerative disorders...
  30. Grembecka M, Szefer P. Comparative assessment of essential and heavy metals in fruits from different geographical origins. Environ Monit Assess. 2013;185:9139-60 pubmed publisher
    ..procedure was checked by analysis of the certified reference materials tea (NCS DC 73351), cabbage (IAEA-359) and spinach leaves (NIST-1570). Recoveries of the elements analysed varied between 85...
  31. Güler B, Kümüştekin G, Uğurlu E. Contribution to the traditional uses of medicinal plants of Turgutlu (Manisa--Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;176:102-8 pubmed publisher
    ..P.Beauv., Lactuca sativa L., Beta vulgaris L. var. crassa (Alef.) Helm, Spinacia oleracea L., Brassica nigra (L.) Koch, Capsella bursa-pastoris L. and Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb...
  32. Nahar K, Kabir F, Islam P, Rahman M, Al Mamun M, Faruk M, et al. Cardioprotective effect of Amaranthus tricolor extract in isoprenaline induced myocardial damage in ovariectomized rats. Biomed Pharmacother. 2018;103:1154-1162 pubmed publisher
    Red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor) has been reported to possess many benefits and medicinal properties and used as a part of traditional medicine in Ayurveda and Siddha...
  33. Martinez B, Stratton J, Bianchini A, Wegulo S, Weaver G. Transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to internal tissues and its survival on flowering heads of wheat. J Food Prot. 2015;78:518-24 pubmed publisher
    ..associated with undercooked beef; however, in recent years, outbreaks have been linked to fresh produce, such as spinach, lettuce, and sprouts...
  34. Vutharadhi S, Jolapuram U, Kodidhela L. Nutraceutical inherent of Spinacia oleracea Linn. methanolic leaf extract ameliorates isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis in male albino Wistar rats via mitigating inflammation. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;85:239-247 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study was intended to appraise the nutraceutical inherent of HPLC standardized Spinacia oleracea methanolic leaf extract (SoLE) in isoproterenol (ISO) induced male albino Wistar rats via activation of pro-..
  35. Siciliano A. Assessment of fertilizer potential of the struvite produced from the treatment of methanogenic landfill leachate using low-cost reagents. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:5949-59 pubmed publisher
    ..The fertilizing effect of struvite deposit in cultivating Spinacia oleracea was compared with that of vegetable soil and commercial fertilizer...
  36. Azmat R, Moin S, Saleem A. Remediation of Cu metal-induced accelerated Fenton reaction by potato peels bio-sorbent. Environ Monit Assess. 2016;188:674 pubmed
    ..Matter (EPM) and its remediation using potato peel surface (PPC) bio-sorbent on two important edible crops Spinacia oleracea and Luffa acutangula...
  37. Amato Lourenço L, Moreira T, de Oliveira Souza V, Barbosa F, Saiki M, Saldiva P, et al. The influence of atmospheric particles on the elemental content of vegetables in urban gardens of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Environ Pollut. 2016;216:125-134 pubmed publisher
    ..Vegetable seedlings of Brassica oleracea var. acephala (collard greens) and Spinacia oleracea (spinach) obtained in a non-polluted rural area and growing in vessels containing standard uncontaminated ..
  38. Sowmya Shree G, Yogendra Prasad K, Arpitha H, Deepika U, Nawneet Kumar K, Mondal P, et al. ?-carotene at physiologically attainable concentration induces apoptosis and down-regulates cell survival and antioxidant markers in human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells. Mol Cell Biochem. 2017;436:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..to evaluate the anti-cancer molecular mechanism of ?-carotene (at 1 µM concentration) isolated from Spinacia oleracea in human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells...
  39. Cote R, Katani R, Moreau M, Kudva I, Arthur T, Debroy C, et al. Comparative analysis of super-shedder strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 reveals distinctive genomic features and a strongly aggregative adherent phenotype on bovine rectoanal junction squamous epithelial cells. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0116743 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparative analyses showed that SS17 is clustered with spinach-associated O157 outbreak strains, and belongs to the lineage I/II, clade 8, D group, and genotype 1, a subgroup ..
  40. Gedi M, Magee K, Darwish R, Eakpetch P, Young I, Gray D. Impact of the partial replacement of fish meal with a chloroplast rich fraction on the growth and selected nutrient profile of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Food Funct. 2019;10:733-745 pubmed publisher
    ..different diets individually; fish were fed with diets reducing fishmeal levels (10, 20 or 50%) using either spinach leaf powder (SLP) or a chloroplast rich fraction (CRF) prepared by an established method to recover chloroplasts...
  41. Mi J, Jia K, Wang J, Al Babili S. A rapid LC-MS method for qualitative and quantitative profiling of plant apocarotenoids. Anal Chim Acta. 2018;1035:87-95 pubmed publisher
    ..liquid chromatography (UHPLC)-MS parameters permitted the measurement of APOs in Oryza sativa seedlings and Spinacia oleracea leaves, unraveling 20 endogenous APOs with chain lengths ranging from C10 to C30, ..
  42. Li B, Liu H, Wang W. Multiplex real-time PCR assay for detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and screening for non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. BMC Microbiol. 2017;17:215 pubmed publisher
    ..coli O157:H7 from two common food matrices, beef and spinach, and may be applied for detection of E...
  43. El Soufi K, Michel C. Circular code motifs in the ribosome decoding center. Comput Biol Chem. 2014;52:9-17 pubmed publisher
    ..furiosus, nuclear eukaryotes Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Triticum aestivum and Homo sapiens, and chloroplast Spinacia oleracea. The universally conserved nucleotides A1492 and A1493 in all studied rRNAs (bacteria, archaea, nuclear ..
  44. Ma T, Chen L, Wu L, Christie P, Luo Y. Toxicity of OTC to Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. and to microorganisms in a long-term sewage-irrigated farmland soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:15101-10 pubmed publisher
    Water spinach (Ipomoea aquatic Forsk.) was selected to investigate the effects of oxytetracycline (OTC) on the toxicity of soil contaminated by long-term sewage irrigation...
  45. Li D, Han Q, Zhang T. Cloning and coexpression of recombinant N-demethylase B and Glycolate oxidase genes in Escherichia coli. Mol Biol Rep. 2019;46:505-510 pubmed publisher
    NdmB genes from Pseudomonas putida CBB5 and GO genes from spinach, which encode N-demethylase B (NdmB) and Glycolate oxidase (GO) respectively, were separately ligated into expression vectors of pACYCDuet-1 and pET32a to construct ..
  46. Ueki A, Kaku N, Ueki K. Role of anaerobic bacteria in biological soil disinfestation for elimination of soil-borne plant pathogens in agriculture. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2018;102:6309-6318 pubmed publisher
    ..The two anaerobic isolates severely degraded mycelial cells of the Fusarium pathogen of spinach wilt disease during anaerobic co-incubation of each isolate and the Fusarium pathogen...
  47. Duan F, Ding J, Lee D, Lu X, Feng Y, Song W. Overexpression of SoCYP85A1, a Spinach Cytochrome p450 Gene in Transgenic Tobacco Enhances Root Development and Drought Stress Tolerance. Front Plant Sci. 2017;8:1909 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, a key BRs biosynthetic gene, SoCYP85A1 was cloned from Spinacia oleracea, which has a complete open reading frame of 1,392 bp encoding a 464 amino acid peptide and shares high ..
  48. Gonec T, Zadrazilova I, Nevin E, Kauerova T, Pesko M, Kos J, et al. Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of N-Alkoxyphenyl-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxanilides. Molecules. 2015;20:9767-87 pubmed publisher
    ..tested for their activity related to inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport (PET) in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplasts. N-(3-Ethoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxynaphthalene-2-carboxamide (IC50 = 4...
  49. Malik S, Ghosh P, Vaidya A, Mudliar S. Catalytic ozone pretreatment of complex textile effluent using Fe2+ and zero valent iron nanoparticles. J Hazard Mater. 2018;357:363-375 pubmed publisher
    ..Seed germination test using seeds of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea), indicated the effectiveness of nano catalyzed ozone pretreatment in removing toxicity from contaminated ..
  50. Phua S, Srinivasa B, Subramanian A. Chloroplast ribosomal protein L13 is encoded in the nucleus and is considerably larger than its bacterial homologue. Construction, immunoisolation, and nucleotide sequence (including transit peptide) its cDNA clone from an angiosperm. J Biol Chem. 1989;264:1968-71 pubmed
    ..In order to isolate some of the nuclear-encoded r-protein genes, we have raised antibodies to several spinach chloroplast r-proteins and constructed spinach cDNA expression libraries in lambdagt11...
  51. Dohm J, Minoche A, Holtgr we D, Capella Guti rrez S, Zakrzewski F, Tafer H, et al. The genome of the recently domesticated crop plant sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). Nature. 2014;505:546-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We sequenced spinach (Spinacia oleracea), another Caryophyllales species, and validated features that separate this clade from rosids and asterids...
  52. Lotos L, Maliogka V, Katis N. New poleroviruses associated with yellowing symptoms in different vegetable crops in Greece. Arch Virol. 2016;161:431-6 pubmed publisher
    Four poleroviral isolates from Greece, two from lettuce, one from spinach and one from watermelon showing yellowing symptoms, were molecularly characterized by analyzing the sequence of a large part of the genome spanning from the 3'-..
  53. Colonna E, Rouphael Y, Barbieri G, De Pascale S. Nutritional quality of ten leafy vegetables harvested at two light intensities. Food Chem. 2016;199:702-10 pubmed publisher
    ..of ten leafy vegetables (chicory, green lettuce, lamb's lettuce, mizuna, red chard, red lettuce, rocket, spinach, Swiss chard, and tatsoi) and quality traits of the selected leafy vegetables in relation to the light intensity (..
  54. Bai X, Long J, He X, Yan J, Chen X, Tan Y, et al. Overexpression of spinach non-symbiotic hemoglobin in Arabidopsis resulted in decreased NO content and lowered nitrate and other abiotic stresses tolerance. Sci Rep. 2016;6:26400 pubmed publisher
    A class 1 non-symbiotic hemoglobin family gene, SoHb, was isolated from spinach. qRT-PCR showed that SoHb was induced by excess nitrate, polyethylene glycol, NaCl, H2O2, and salicylic acid...
  55. Sun J, Zhang J, Wang Y. Multivariate characterization of elements accumulated in Wolfiporia extensa mushroom from Yunnan province of China. J Environ Sci Health B. 2017;52:206-213 pubmed publisher
    ..The average recovery rates of certified reference materials for GBW10015 (spinach leaves) ranged from 90.5 to 113%, for GBW10028 (citrus leaves) from 92...
  56. Landsberger M, Lorkovi Z, Oelm ller R. Molecular characterization of nucleus-localized RNA-binding proteins from higher plants. Plant Mol Biol. 2002;48:413-21 pubmed
    We report the isolation and characterization of genes from the higher plants Arabidopsis, spinach and tobacco which code for nucleus-localized RNA-binding proteins...
  57. Chajra H, Amstutz B, Schweikert K, Auriol D, Redziniak G, Lefèvre F. Opioid receptor delta as a global modulator of skin differentiation and barrier function repair. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2015;37:386-94 pubmed publisher
    The aims of this study were to confirm the properties of selective agonist peptide (Rubixyl) contained in the spinach towards opioid receptor delta...
  58. Kellenberger C, Hallberg Z, Hammond M. Live Cell Imaging Using Riboswitch-Spinach tRNA Fusions as Metabolite-Sensing Fluorescent Biosensors. Methods Mol Biol. 2015;1316:87-103 pubmed publisher
    ..riboswitches have been adapted for use as fluorescent biosensors through fusion to the in vitro selected Spinach aptamer, which binds a pro-fluorescent, cell-permeable small molecule mimic of the GFP chromophore, DFHBI...
  59. Esseili M, Gao X, Tegtmeier S, Saif L, Wang Q. Abiotic Stress and Phyllosphere Bacteria Influence the Survival of Human Norovirus and Its Surrogates on Preharvest Leafy Greens. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016;82:352-63 pubmed publisher
    ..viruses, murine norovirus (MNV), porcine sapovirus (SaV), and Tulane virus (TV), on preharvest lettuce and spinach that were subjected to abiotic stress (physical damage, heat, or flood)...
  60. Burch A, Do P, Sbodio A, Suslow T, Lindow S. High-Level Culturability of Epiphytic Bacteria and Frequency of Biosurfactant Producers on Leaves. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016;82:5997-6009 pubmed publisher
    ..Communities on spinach, romaine, and head lettuce leaves were compared with communities from adjacent samples of soil and irrigation ..
  61. Kinsinger N, Mayton H, Luth M, Walker S. Efficacy of post-harvest rinsing and bleach disinfection of E. coli O157:H7 on spinach leaf surfaces. Food Microbiol. 2017;62:212-220 pubmed publisher
    Attachment and detachment kinetics of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from baby spinach leaf epicuticle layers were investigated using a parallel plate flow chamber...
  62. Luo L, Shen Y, Wang X, Chu B, Xu T, Liu Y, et al. Phytoavailability, bioaccumulation, and human health risks of metal(loid) elements in an agroecosystem near a lead-zinc mine. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:24111-24124 pubmed publisher
    ..Coriander, celery, and spinach were the top three highest health risks in the area.
  63. Back E, Burkhart W, Moyer M, Privalle L, Rothstein S. Isolation of cDNA clones coding for spinach nitrite reductase: complete sequence and nitrate induction. Mol Gen Genet. 1988;212:20-6 pubmed
    ..In this paper, the complete primary sequence of the precursor protein for spinach nitrite reductase has been deduced from cloned cDNAs...
  64. Castro Ibáñez I, Gil M, Tudela J, Ivanek R, Allende A. Assessment of microbial risk factors and impact of meteorological conditions during production of baby spinach in the Southeast of Spain. Food Microbiol. 2015;49:173-81 pubmed publisher
    ..coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp.) in baby spinach grown in the Southeast of Spain. A longitudinal study was conducted on three farms (2011-2013)...
  65. Tongra T, Jajoo A. Investigating changes in the redox state of Photosystem I at low pH. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2015;151:25-30 pubmed publisher
    Changes in the redox state of Photosystem I (PSI) were studied in spinach leaf discs suspended in buffers of different pH (pH 7.5, 6.5, 5.5 and 4.5)...
  66. Eriksen J, Luu A, Dragsted L, Arrigoni E. In vitro liberation of carotenoids from spinach and Asia salads after different domestic kitchen procedures. Food Chem. 2016;203:23-27 pubmed publisher
    ..study was to evaluate the effect of particle size and heat treatments on lutein and β-carotene liberation from spinach and Asia salads by applying an in vitro digestion protocol and UHPLC analysis...
  67. Huang K, Doyle F, Wurz Z, Tenenbaum S, Hammond R, Caplan J, et al. FASTmiR: an RNA-based sensor for in vitro quantification and live-cell localization of small RNAs. Nucleic Acids Res. 2017;45:e130 pubmed publisher
    ..utilizes an sxRNA switch for detection of miRNA-mRNA interactions combined with a fluorophore-binding sequence 'Spinach', a GFP-like RNA aptamer for which the RNA-fluorophore complex exhibits strong and consistent fluorescence under ..
  68. Taneja P, Labhasetwar P, Nagarnaik P. Nitrate in drinking water and vegetables: intake and risk assessment in rural and urban areas of Nagpur and Bhandara districts of India. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019;26:2026-2037 pubmed publisher
    ..The average nitrate concentration was maximum in beetroot (1349.38 mg/kg) followed by spinach (1288.75 mg/kg) and amaranthus (1007.64 mg/kg)...
  69. Cai X, Ge C, Xu C, Wang X, Wang S, Wang Q. Expression Analysis of Oxalate Metabolic Pathway Genes Reveals Oxalate Regulation Patterns in Spinach. Molecules. 2018;23: pubmed publisher
    Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) is one of most important leafy vegetables because of its high nutritional value and high oxalate content, which can be toxic with negative effects on human nutrition...
  70. Wadlington W, Ming R. Development of an X-specific marker and identification of YY individuals in spinach. Theor Appl Genet. 2018;131:1987-1994 pubmed publisher
    b>Spinach is a popular vegetable native to central and western Asia. It is dioecious with a pair of nascent sex chromosomes...
  71. Giese K, Subramanian A. Chloroplast ribosomal protein L12 is encoded in the nucleus: construction and identification of its cDNA clones and nucleotide sequence including the transit peptide. Biochemistry. 1989;28:3525-9 pubmed
    ..The primary structure of spinach chloroplast r-protein L12 is known [Bartsch, M., Kimura, M., & Subramanian, A. R. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad...
  72. Ito N, Tomizawa K, Tanaka K, Matsui M, Kendrick R, Sato T, et al. Characterization of 26S proteasome alpha- and beta-type and ATPase subunits from spinach and their expression during early stages of seedling development. Plant Mol Biol. 1997;34:307-16 pubmed
    Three kinds of cDNAs encoding 26S proteasome subunits have been cloned from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)...
  73. Pironti G, Ivarsson N, Yang J, Farinotti A, Jonsson W, Zhang S, et al. Dietary nitrate improves cardiac contractility via enhanced cellular Ca²? signaling. Basic Res Cardiol. 2016;111:34 pubmed publisher
    The inorganic anion nitrate (NO3 (-)), which is naturally enriched in certain vegetables (e.g., spinach and beetroot), has emerged as a dietary component that can regulate diverse bodily functions, including blood pressure, mitochondrial ..
  74. Shen C, Huang Y, He C, Zhou Q, Chen J, Tan X, et al. Comparative analysis of cadmium responsive microRNAs in roots of two Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. cultivars with different cadmium accumulation capacities. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2017;111:329-339 pubmed publisher
    ..Cd accumulation abilities between a low-shoot-Cd cultivar (QLQ) and a high-shoot-Cd cultivar (T308) of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatic Forsk.), six sRNA libraries at 3 different time points were constructed...
  75. Block M, Albrieux C. Purification of Chloroplasts and Chloroplast Subfractions: Envelope, Thylakoids, and Stroma-From Spinach, Pea, and Arabidopsis thaliana. Methods Mol Biol. 2018;1829:123-135 pubmed publisher
    ..Three different protocols are provided, adapted for starting leaves of spinach, Arabidopsis, and pea.
  76. Bell A, Frankel L, Bricker T. High Yield Non-detergent Isolation of Photosystem I-Light-harvesting Chlorophyll II Membranes from Spinach Thylakoids: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF THE PS I ANTENNAE IN HIGHER PLANTS. J Biol Chem. 2015;290:18429-37 pubmed publisher
    Styrene-maleic acid copolymer was used to effect a non-detergent partial solubilization of thylakoids from spinach. A high density membrane fraction, which was not solubilized by the copolymer, was isolated and was highly enriched in the ..
  77. Fahad S, Islam A, Ahmed M, Uddin N, Alam M, Alam M, et al. Determination of Elemental Composition of Malabar spinach, Lettuce, Spinach, Hyacinth Bean, and Cauliflower Vegetables Using Proton Induced X-Ray Emission Technique at Savar Subdistrict in Bangladesh. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:128256 pubmed publisher
    ..The necessity of these elements was also evaluated, based on the established limits of regulatory standards. The findings of this study suggest that the consumption of these vegetables is not completely free of health risks. ..
  78. Stenblom E, Egecioglu E, Landin Olsson M, Erlanson Albertsson C. Consumption of thylakoid-rich spinach extract reduces hunger, increases satiety and reduces cravings for palatable food in overweight women. Appetite. 2015;91:209-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Individuals scoring higher for emotional eating behavior may have enhanced treatment effect on cravings for palatable food. ..
  79. Skúpa K, Urban J. Modifications of the chromophore of Spinach aptamer based on QM:MM calculations. J Mol Model. 2017;23:46 pubmed publisher
    b>Spinach aptamer was developed as an RNA analog of the green fluorescent protein. The aptamer interacts with its ligand and modifies its electronic spectrum so that it fluoresces brightly at the wavelength of 501 nm. Song et al...
  80. Thakur D, Jain A, Ghoshal G, Shivhare U, Katare O. Microencapsulation of β-Carotene Based on Casein/Guar Gum Blend Using Zeta Potential-Yield Stress Phenomenon: an Approach to Enhance Photo-stability and Retention of Functionality. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2017;18:1447-1459 pubmed publisher
    Carotene, abundant majorly in carrot, pink guava yams, spinach, kale, sweet potato, and palm oil, is an important nutrient for human health due to its scavenging action upon reactive free radicals wherever produced in the body...
  81. Connell P, Finkelstein S, Scott M, Vallen B. Negative associations of frozen compared with fresh vegetables. Appetite. 2018;127:296-302 pubmed publisher
    ..We find no improvement in evaluation for frozen spinach when participants contemplate the final cooked product...
  82. Hudson G, Mason J, Holton T, Koller B, Cox G, Whitfeld P, et al. A gene cluster in the spinach and pea chloroplast genomes encoding one CF1 and three CF0 subunits of the H+-ATP synthase complex and the ribosomal protein S2. J Mol Biol. 1987;196:283-98 pubmed
    The regions of the spinach and pea chloroplast genomes containing the ATP synthase genes atpA, atpF and atpH have been sequenced...
  83. Winkler C, Delvos B, Martin W, Henze K. Purification, microsequencing and cloning of spinach ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase link sequence and function for the plant enzyme. FEBS J. 2007;274:429-38 pubmed publisher
    ..7.1.11) are annotated in the databases. We have purified the enzyme from spinach leaves 309-fold to electrophoretic homogeneity...
  84. Hong Y, Pan Y, Harman N, Ebner P. Complete Genome Sequences of Two Escherichia coli O157:H7 Phages Effective in Limiting Contamination of Food Products. Genome Announc. 2014;2: pubmed publisher
    ..demonstrated that application of bacteriophages significantly reduced Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination in spinach and ground beef...
  85. Chopra A, Pathak C. Accumulation of heavy metals in the vegetables grown in wastewater irrigated areas of Dehradun, India with reference to human health risk. Environ Monit Assess. 2015;187:445 pubmed publisher
    The present study on accumulation of heavy metals in the vegetables viz. Beta vulgaris, Phaseolus vulgaris, Spinacea oleracea, and Brassica oleracea var...
  86. Sersen F, Gregan F, Kotora P, Kmetova J, Filo J, Loos D, et al. Synthesis and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of New Hydroxybenzylidene Hydrazines. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..The prepared compounds were also tested for their activity to inhibit photosynthetic electron transport in spinach chloroplasts. IC50 values of these compounds varied in wide range, from an intermediate to no inhibitory effect.
  87. Cecílio A, Bianco M, Tardivo C, Pugina G. Agronomic viability of New Zealand spinach and kale intercropping. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2017;89:2975-2986 pubmed publisher
    ..An experiment was carried out to evaluate the agronomic viability of kale and New Zealand spinach intercropping as a function of the spinach transplanting time...
  88. Ueki A, Takehara T, Ishioka G, Kaku N, Ueki K. Degradation of the fungal cell wall by clostridial strains isolated from soil subjected to biological soil disinfestation and biocontrol of Fusarium wilt disease of spinach. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2017;101:8267-8277 pubmed publisher
    ..For evaluation of the antifungal potential of these strains, cells of a pathogen (spinach wilt disease, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp...
  89. Belyaeva N, Schmitt F, Paschenko V, Riznichenko G, Rubin A. Modeling of the redox state dynamics in photosystem II of Chlorella pyrenoidosa Chick cells and leaves of spinach and Arabidopsis thaliana from single flash-induced fluorescence quantum yield changes on the 100 ns-10 s time scale. Photosynth Res. 2015;125:123-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Patterns of single flash-induced transient fluorescence yield (SFITFY) measured for leaves (spinach and Arabidopsis (A.) thaliana) and the thermophilic alga Chlorella (C.) pyrenoidosa Chick (Steffen et al...
  90. Lu Z, Filonov G, Noto J, Schmidt C, Hatkevich T, Wen Y, et al. Metazoan tRNA introns generate stable circular RNAs in vivo. RNA. 2015;21:1554-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Reporter constructs expressing RNA aptamers such as Spinach and Broccoli can be used to follow the transcription and subcellular localization of tricRNAs in living cells...
  91. Bhattacharya P, Samal A, Banerjee S, Pyne J, Santra S. Assessment of potential health risk of fluoride consumption through rice, pulses, and vegetables in addition to consumption of fluoride-contaminated drinking water of West Bengal, India. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:20300-20314 pubmed publisher
    ..5-16%. Results also showed that intake of ivy gourd, broad beans, rice, turnip, fenugreek leaves, mustard, spinach, and amaranth grown in the study area is safe at least for time being. The cumulative EDI values of fluoride (0...
  92. Jansen T, Reiländer H, Steppuhn J, Herrmann R. Analysis of cDNA clones encoding the entire precursor-polypeptide for ferredoxin:NADP+ oxidoreductase from spinach. Curr Genet. 1988;13:517-22 pubmed
    In this paper, we report the structural characterization of several spinach ferredoxin-NADP+ oxidoreductase (FNR) cDNAs ranging in size from 0.9 to 1.5 kilobases...