beluga whale

Summary

Alias: beluga, white whale, Delphinapterus leucas

Top Publications

  1. Shen T, Xu S, Wang X, Yu W, Zhou K, Yang G. Adaptive evolution and functional constraint at TLR4 during the secondary aquatic adaptation and diversification of cetaceans. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:39 pubmed publisher
  2. Denis F, Archambault D. Molecular cloning and characterization of beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Can J Vet Res. 2001;65:233-40 pubmed
    ..As yet, no molecular data have been reported for IL-1beta and TNF-alpha of the beluga whale. In this study, we cloned and determined the entire cDNA sequence encoding beluga whale IL-1beta and TNF-alpha...
  3. Jensen B, Hahn M. cDNA cloning and characterization of a high affinity aryl hydrocarbon receptor in a cetacean, the beluga, Delphinapterus leucas. Toxicol Sci. 2001;64:41-56 pubmed
    ..To ascertain the potential for PHAH effects in a cetacean, we characterized an AHR from the beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas. The 3.2 kb cDNA encodes an 845-amino acid protein with a predicted size of 95.5 kDa...
  4. Akhavan S, Falahatkar B, Ward J, Lokman P. 11-Ketotestosterone induces oocyte growth, but does not affect oocyte cytology in pre-vitellogenic captive beluga, Huso huso L. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2019;232:51-59 pubmed publisher
    ..on hormonal and biochemical changes in blood, and on ovarian mRNA levels of lipidation-related genes in captive beluga with PV oocytes...
  5. Little M, Achouba A, Dumas P, Ouellet N, Ayotte P, Lemire M. Determinants of selenoneine concentration in red blood cells of Inuit from Nunavik (Northern Québec, Canada). Environ Int. 2019;127:243-252 pubmed publisher
    ..Selenoneine, a novel Se compound, is found in high concentrations in marine foods (and particularly beluga mattaaq) and the red blood cells (RBCs) of populations that consume them...
  6. Fahlman A, Epple A, García Párraga D, Robeck T, Haulena M, Piscitelli Doshkov M, et al. Characterizing respiratory capacity in belugas (Delphinapterus leucas). Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2019;260:63-69 pubmed publisher
    We measured respiratory flow, breath duration, and calculated tidal volume (VT) in nine belugas (Delphinapterus leucas, mean measured body mass: 628 ± 151 kg, n = 5) housed in managed care facilities...
  7. Thompson L, Spoon T, Goertz C, Hobbs R, Romano T. Blow collection as a non-invasive method for measuring cortisol in the beluga (Delphinapterus leucas). PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e114062 pubmed publisher
    ..the use of a commercially available EIA for measuring cortisol in blow samples collected from belugas (Delphinapterus leucas). Nitex membrane stretched over a petri dish provided the optimal method for collecting blow...
  8. Loseto L, Stern G, Macdonald R. Distant drivers or local signals: where do mercury trends in western Arctic belugas originate?. Sci Total Environ. 2015;509-510:226-36 pubmed publisher
    ..The Beaufort Sea beluga population showed significant increases in Hg during the 1990 s; since that time an additional 10 years of data ..
  9. Jalali M, Hosseini S, Imanpour M. Physiological characteristics and stress resistance of great sturgeon (Huso huso) juveniles fed with vitamins C, E, and HUFA-enriched Artemia urmiana nauplii. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:555-564 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Beluga juveniles at the stage of first feeding (69.7 +/- 5...

More Information

Publications82

  1. Sysueva E, Supin A, Nechaev D, Rozhnov V, Tarakanov M, Popov V. Influence of the Background Noise on Recognition of Signals with a Complex Spectrum Structure in the Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas). Dokl Biol Sci. 2018;481:135-138 pubmed publisher
    The frequency resolving power of hearing (FRP) of the beluga whale Delphinapterus leucas was studied as dependent on influence of lasting low-intensity sounds (of the ultrasonic range from -20 to +10 dB)...
  2. Chernova O, Kiladze A, Shpak O. Papillomatous Skin Netting of Cetaceans (Cetacea: Delphinapterus leucas, Balaena mysticetus, and Eschrichtius robustus) and Sirens (Sirenia: Trichechus manatus and Dugong dugon). Dokl Biol Sci. 2018;481:150-156 pubmed publisher
    ..The differences are discussed from the viewpoint of species biology. ..
  3. Kim Y, Park S, Kim D, Nam B, Won S, An D, et al. Amphritea ceti sp. nov., isolated from faeces of Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014;64:4068-72 pubmed publisher
    ..or ovoid bacterial strain, designated RA1(T), was isolated from faeces collected from Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) in Yeosu aquarium, South Korea. Strain RA1(T) grew optimally at 25 °C, at pH 7.0-8...
  4. Supin A, Popov V, Nechaev D, Sysueva E, Rozhnov V. Is Sound Exposure Level a Convenient Metric to Characterize Fatiguing Sounds? A Study in Beluga Whales. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:1123-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These two parameters were combined into a sound exposure level (SEL). In the beluga whale Delphinapterus leucas, TTSs were investigated at various sound pressure level (SPL)-to-duration ratios at a specific SEL...
  5. Ellis S, Franks D, Nattrass S, Currie T, Cant M, Giles D, et al. Analyses of ovarian activity reveal repeated evolution of post-reproductive lifespans in toothed whales. Sci Rep. 2018;8:12833 pubmed publisher
    ..killer whales), we find that three have a significant post-reproductive lifespan: short-finned pilot whales, beluga whales and narwhals...
  6. Gharaei A, Mahboudi F, Esmaili Sari A, Edalat R, Adeli A, Keyvanshokooh S. Molecular cloning of cDNA of mammalian and chicken II gonadotropin-releasing hormones (mGnRHs and cGnRH-II) in the beluga (Huso huso) and the disruptive effect of methylmercury on gene expression. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010;36:803-817 pubmed publisher
    Two gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) isoforms were identified in the beluga (Huso huso) brain by cDNA sequencing: prepro-mammalian GnRH (mGnRH) and prepro-chicken GnRH-II (cGnRH-II)...
  7. Mooney T, Castellote M, Quakenbush L, Hobbs R, Gaglione E, Goertz C. Variation in hearing within a wild population of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). J Exp Biol. 2018;221: pubmed publisher
    ..We obtained audiograms (5.6-150 kHz) of 26 wild beluga whales to measure hearing thresholds during capture-release events in Bristol Bay, AK, USA, using auditory evoked ..
  8. Aramli M, Golshahi K, Nazari R, Aramli S, Banan A. Effectiveness of glucose-methanol extender for cryopreservation of Huso huso spermatozoa. Anim Reprod Sci. 2015;162:37-42 pubmed publisher
    The present approach was designed to evaluate the methanol-glucose extender effects on sperm cryopreservation in beluga sturgeon, Huso huso...
  9. Osipova V, Kolyada M, Berberova N, Milaeva E, Ponomareva E, Belaya M. Cryoprotective effect of phosphorous-containing phenolic anti-oxidant for the cryopreservation of beluga sperm. Cryobiology. 2014;69:467-72 pubmed publisher
    ..of lipid-soluble antioxidants butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and trolox in the conditions of cryopreservation of beluga sperm in the presence of the modified Stein's medium...
  10. Sysueva E, Nechaev D, Popov V, Supin A. Frequency Tuning of Hearing in the Beluga Whale. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:1131-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, frequency tuning was measured in a beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) using a rippled-noise test stimulus in conjunction with the auditory evoked potential (AEP) technique...
  11. Perrot V, Masbou J, Pastukhov M, Epov V, Point D, Bérail S, et al. Natural Hg isotopic composition of different Hg compounds in mammal tissues as a proxy for in vivo breakdown of toxic methylmercury. Metallomics. 2016;8:170-8 pubmed publisher
    ..CSIC) of natural inorganic Hg (iHg) and methylmercury (MMHg) in various tissues of aquatic mammals (Beluga whale from the Arctic marine environment and seals from the freshwater lake Baikal, Russia)...
  12. Mooney T, Castellote M, Quakenbush L, Hobbs R, Goertz C, Gaglione E. Measuring Hearing in Wild Beluga Whales. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:729-35 pubmed publisher
    We measured the hearing abilities of seven wild beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) during a collection-and-release experiment in Bristol Bay, AK...
  13. Aramli M, Golshahi K, Nazari R, Aramli S. Effect of freezing rate on motility, adenosine triphosphate content and fertilizability in beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) spermatozoa. Cryobiology. 2015;70:170-4 pubmed publisher
    ..s), motility percentage (%), ATP content (nmol/10(8) cells), fertilization rate (%), and hatching rate (%)) in beluga sturgeon, Huso huso. After sampling, beluga sturgeon sperm were diluted in an extender composed of 23...
  14. Tavighi S, Saadatfar Z, Shojaei B, Rassouli M. Brain ventricle development in H. huso (Beluga sturgeon) larvae. Anat Sci Int. 2016;91:350-7 pubmed publisher
    The development of ventricles in the brain of H. huso (Beluga sturgeon) from 1 to 54 days old is presented in this study...
  15. Melero M, Rodríguez Prieto V, Rubio García A, García Párraga D, Sánchez Vizcaíno J. Thermal reference points as an index for monitoring body temperature in marine mammals. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:411 pubmed publisher
    ..reference points in five marine mammal species: bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus); beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas); Patagonian sea lion (Otaria flavescens); harbour seal (Phoca vitulina); and Pacific walrus (Odobenus ..
  16. Nachtigall P, Supin A, Estaban J, Pacini A. Learning and extinction of conditioned hearing sensation change in the beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2016;202:105-13 pubmed publisher
    Ice-dwelling beluga whales are increasingly being exposed to anthropogenic loud sounds...
  17. Popov V, Supin A, Nechaev D, Sysueva E, Rozhnov V. Temporary Threshold Shifts in Naïve and Experienced Belugas: Can Dampening of the Effects of Fatiguing Sounds Be Learned?. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:853-9 pubmed publisher
    In belugas (Delphinapterus leucas), substantial (10-15 dB) differences in temporary threshold shifts (TTSs) were observed between the first and subsequent experimental sessions in the same subjects...
  18. Metallov G, Ponomareva E, Sorokina M, Grigoryev V, Korchunov A. Functional Orientation of Biochemical Processes in Female Beluga × Sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus, 1758 × Huso huso Linnaeus, 1758) Hybrids in the Reproductive Cycle. Dokl Biol Sci. 2018;478:37-39 pubmed publisher
    ..on the dynamics of blood parameters and parameters of protein, fat, and water-salt metabolism in female starlet × beluga hybrids kept under artificial conditions in the period of reproductive cycle...
  19. Pyć C, Geoffroy M, Knudsen F. A Summary Comparison of Active Acoustic Detections and Visual Observations of Marine Mammals in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:879-84 pubmed publisher
    ..by marine mammal observers and active acoustic observation, 119 Balaena mysticetus (bowheads) and 4 Delphinapterus leucas (belugas) were visually sighted, while 59 acoustic signals of bowheads were detected by AAM operators...
  20. Akrami R, Gharaei A, Mansour M, Galeshi A. Effects of dietary onion (Allium cepa) powder on growth, innate immune response and hemato-biochemical parameters of beluga (Huso huso Linnaeus, 1754) juvenile. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;45:828-34 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of dietary onion powder on growth, innate immune response and hemato-biochemical parameters of beluga juvenile (Huso huso). Basal diets containing onion powder 0 (control), 0...
  21. Chen S, Barbieri J. Solubility of the catalytic domains of Botulinum neurotoxin serotype E subtypes. Protein Expr Purif. 2016;118:18-24 pubmed publisher
    ..this work, the molecular basis of insolubility of the recombinant LCs of two representative subtypes of BoNT/E, E1(Beluga) and E3 (Alaska), was determined...
  22. Cadieux M, Muir D, Béland P, Hickie B. Lactational Transfer of Polychlorinated-Biphenyls (PCBs) and Other Organochlorines in St. Lawrence Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2016;70:169-79 pubmed publisher
    ..model for marine mammals to explore factors controlling the transfer of PCBs from mother to calf via nursing in beluga from the St. Lawrence Estuary...
  23. Ghiasi M, Binaii M, Naghavi A, Rostami H, Nori H, Amerizadeh A. Inclusion of Pediococcus acidilactici as probiotic candidate in diets for beluga (Huso huso) modifies biochemical parameters and improves immune functions. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2018;44:1099-1107 pubmed publisher
    ..assessed the effect of Pediococcus acidilactici as a probiotic on the biochemical and immunological parameters of beluga. Fish (248.32 ± 10.21 g) were fed a control diet (without P. acidilactici( and three different doses of P...
  24. Lair S, Measures L, Martineau D. Pathologic Findings and Trends in Mortality in the Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) Population of the St Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada, From 1983 to 2012. Vet Pathol. 2016;53:22-36 pubmed publisher
    An isolated population of beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) inhabits the St Lawrence Estuary, Quebec, Canada...
  25. Hansen M, Villanger G, Bechshoft T, Levin M, Routti H, Kovacs K, et al. Circulating thyroid hormones and associated metabolites in white whales (Delphinapterus leucas) determined using isotope-dilution mass spectrometry. Environ Res. 2017;156:128-131 pubmed publisher
    Blood was sampled from nine free-ranging white whales (beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas) from Svalbard, Norway during the summers of 2013 and 2014...
  26. Le Bot O, Simard Y, Roy N, Mars J, Gervaise C. Whistle source levels of free-ranging beluga whales in Saguenay-St. Lawrence marine park. J Acoust Soc Am. 2016;140:EL89 pubmed publisher
    Wild beluga whistle source levels (SLs) are estimated from 52 three-dimensional (3D) localized calls using a 4-hydrophone array...
  27. Lefebvre K, Quakenbush L, Frame E, Huntington K, Sheffield G, Stimmelmayr R, et al. Prevalence of algal toxins in Alaskan marine mammals foraging in a changing arctic and subarctic environment. Harmful Algae. 2016;55:13-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, fetuses from a beluga whale, a harbor porpoise and a Steller sea lion contained detectable concentrations of DA documenting maternal toxin ..
  28. Havelka M, Fujimoto T, Hagihara S, Adachi S, Arai K. Nuclear DNA markers for identification of Beluga and Sterlet sturgeons and their interspecific Bester hybrid. Sci Rep. 2017;7:1694 pubmed publisher
    ..The tool, based on simple PCR and gel electrophoresis, is rapid, inexpensive, and reproducible. It will contribute to conservation of remaining wild populations of A. ruthenus and H. huso, as well as to traceability of their products. ..
  29. Morey J, Burek Huntington K, Campbell M, Clauss T, Goertz C, Hobbs R, et al. De novo transcriptome assembly and RNA-Seq expression analysis in blood from beluga whales of Bristol Bay, AK. Mar Genomics. 2017;35:77-92 pubmed publisher
    ..In Arctic regions, beluga whales, Delphinapterus leucas, are upper level predators that may serve as a sentinel species, potentially forecasting impacts on human ..
  30. Mascher G, Mertaoja A, Korkeala H, Lindstrom M. Neurotoxin synthesis is positively regulated by the sporulation transcription factor Spo0A in Clostridium botulinum type E. Environ Microbiol. 2017;19:4287-4300 pubmed publisher
    ..Insertional inactivation of spo0A in C. botulinum type E strain Beluga resulted in significantly reduced BoNT production and in abolished or highly reduced sporulation in relation to ..
  31. Richard J, Robeck T, Osborn S, Naples L, McDermott A, Laforge R, et al. Testosterone and progesterone concentrations in blow samples are biologically relevant in belugas (Delphinapterus leucas). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2017;246:183-193 pubmed publisher
    ..Utilizing samples collected from trained belugas (Delphinapterus leucas, n=20), enzyme immunoassays for testosterone and progesterone were validated for use with beluga blow ..
  32. Gharibzahedi S, Mohammadnabi S. Effect of novel bioactive edible coatings based on jujube gum and nettle oil-loaded nanoemulsions on the shelf-life of Beluga sturgeon fillets. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;95:769-777 pubmed publisher
    ..5 and 5% wt) as new edible coatings was investigated to preserve Beluga sturgeon fillets (BSFs) during 15 day-refrigerated storage at 4°C...
  33. Ball H, Londraville R, Prokop J, George J, Suydam R, Vinyard C, et al. Beyond thermoregulation: metabolic function of cetacean blubber in migrating bowhead and beluga whales. J Comp Physiol B. 2017;187:235-252 pubmed publisher
    ..Bowhead (Balaena mysticetus) and beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) are ideal study animals-they possess large subcutaneous adipose stores (blubber) and undergo bi-annual ..
  34. Popov V, Sysueva E, Nechaev D, Rozhnov V, Supin A. Influence of fatiguing noise on auditory evoked responses to stimuli of various levels in a beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas. J Exp Biol. 2017;220:1090-1096 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, the effects of a fatiguing sound on the hearing of a beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas, within a wide range of levels of test signals was investigated...
  35. St Laurent G, Archambault D. Molecular cloning, phylogenetic analysis and expression of beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) interleukin 6. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2000;73:31-44 pubmed
    ..As yet, no molecular data have been reported for the beluga whale IL-6...
  36. Simond A, Houde M, Lesage V, Verreault J. Temporal trends of PBDEs and emerging flame retardants in belugas from the St. Lawrence Estuary (Canada) and comparisons with minke whales and Canadian Arctic belugas. Environ Res. 2017;156:494-504 pubmed publisher
    ..class polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) has been documented during the 1990s in endangered belugas (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary (SLE), Eastern Canada...
  37. Gray M, Rogers P. In vivo ultrasonic attenuation in cetacean soft tissues. J Acoust Soc Am. 2017;141:EL83 pubmed publisher
    ..In vivo ultrasonic attenuation was estimated for extracranial soft tissues of two Tursiops truncatus and one Delphinapterus leucas. Backscatter data was non-invasively collected as part of routine health-based ultrasound examinations ..
  38. Fago A, Parraga D, Petersen E, Kristensen N, Giouri L, Jensen F. A comparison of blood nitric oxide metabolites and hemoglobin functional properties among diving mammals. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2017;205:35-40 pubmed publisher
    ..mammals differing in their dive duration: bottlenose dolphin, South American sea lion, harbor seal, walrus and beluga whale. We also examined oxygen affinity, sensitivity to 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG) and nitrite reductase activity ..
  39. Stocki T, Gamberg M, Loseto L, Pellerin E, Bergman L, Mercier J, et al. Measurements of cesium in Arctic beluga and caribou before and after the Fukushima accident of 2011. J Environ Radioact. 2016;162-163:379-387 pubmed publisher
    ..was conducted to measure the levels of radionuclides in Arctic caribou (Rangifer tarandus) and beluga (Delphinapterus leucas)...
  40. Stock S, Finney L, Telser A, Maxey E, Vogt S, Okasinski J. Cementum structure in Beluga whale teeth. Acta Biomater. 2017;48:289-299 pubmed publisher
    A large fraction of the volume of Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) teeth consists of cementum, a mineralized tissue which grows throughout the life of the animal and to which the periodontal ligaments attach...
  41. Hill H, Guarino S, Calvillo A, Gonzalez A, Zuniga K, Bellows C, et al. Lateralized swim positions are conserved across environments for beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) mother-calf pairs. Behav Processes. 2017;138:22-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The current study explored the social laterality of the Cook Inlet, AK beluga population in comparison to a beluga population in managed care...
  42. Duncan R, Faggart M, Roger A, Cornell N. Phylogenetic analysis of the 5-aminolevulinate synthase gene. Mol Biol Evol. 1999;16:383-96 pubmed
    ..The species and tissues selected for study were beluga whale liver, hagfish blood, sea urchin gonadal tissue, cuttlefish hepatopancreas, horseshoe crab hepatopancreas, and ..
  43. Thomas C, Mergl J, Gehring E, Paulus W, Martineau D, Hasselblatt M. Choroid plexus papilloma in a beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2016;28:461-3 pubmed publisher
    We report herein a choroid plexus papilloma in a beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). This case was positive for choroid plexus tumor marker Kir7.1 on immunohistochemistry. These results and the high conservation of Kir7...
  44. St Laurent G, Beliveau C, Archambault D. Molecular cloning and phylogenetic analysis of beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) and grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) interleukin 2. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1999;67:385-94 pubmed
    ..In this study, we cloned and determined the entire beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) and grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) IL-2-encoding cDNA sequences, and analysed their genetic relationships ..
  45. Noren S, Suydam R. Navigating under sea ice promotes rapid maturation of diving physiology and performance in beluga whales. J Exp Biol. 2016;219:2828-2836 pubmed
    ..of the biochemistry of the locomotor muscle in a year-round Arctic-dwelling cetacean (beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas). Compared with what we know about other cetaceans, belugas are born with high myoglobin content (1.56±0...
  46. Kreiling J, Duncan R, Faggart M, Cornell N. Comparison of the beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) expressed genes for 5-aminolevulinate synthase with those in other vertebrates. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 1999;123:163-74 pubmed
    The cDNA and inferred amino acid sequences were determined for beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) erythroid (E) and housekeeping (H) forms of 5-aminolevulinate synthase (ALS), and they were compared with known sequences for five other ..
  47. Yasemi M. Prevention of denaturation of freshwater crayfish muscle subjected to different freeze-thaw cycles by gelatin hydrolysate. Food Chem. 2017;234:199-204 pubmed publisher
    The cryoprotective effect of gelatin hydrolysates from the skin of beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) on freshwater crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) muscle subjected to different freeze-thaw cycles was investigated...
  48. Nachtigall P, Supin A, Pacini A, Kastelein R. Four Odontocete Species Change Hearing Levels When Warned of Impending Loud Sound. Integr Zool. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..preceded a loud sound in the alse killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens) bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) beluga whale (Delphinaperus leucas) and harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)...
  49. Whatmore A, Dawson C, Muchowski J, Perrett L, Stubberfield E, Koylass M, et al. Characterisation of North American Brucella isolates from marine mammals. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184758 pubmed publisher
    ..For the first time Brucella isolates were characterised from beluga whales and found to represent a number of distinct B. pinnipedialis genotypes...
  50. Anderson P, Poe R, Thompson L, Weber N, Romano T. Behavioral responses of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) to environmental variation in an Arctic estuary. Behav Processes. 2017;145:48-59 pubmed publisher
    Some Arctic estuaries serve as substrate rubbing sites for beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in the summer, representing a specialized resource for the species...
  51. Murayama T, Suzuki R, Kondo Y, Koshikawa M, Katsumata H, Arai K. Spontaneous establishing of cross-modal stimulus equivalence in a beluga whale. Sci Rep. 2017;7:9914 pubmed publisher
    ..the spontaneous establishment of cross-modal stimulus equivalence between visual and auditory symbols in a beluga whale nicknamed Nack. Nack could make symmetrical choices in novel objects untrained...
  52. Tsai M, Chen I, Wang J, Chou S, Li T, Leu M, et al. A probe-based qRT-PCR method to profile immunological gene expression in blood of captive beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Peerj. 2017;5:e3840 pubmed publisher
    ..a probe-based quantitative gene expression assay for immunological assessment of captive beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) that is one of the most common cetacean species on display in aquariums worldwide...
  53. Guarino S, Yeater D, Lacy S, Dees T, Hill H. Responses to familiar and unfamiliar objects by belugas (Delphinapterus leucas), bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), and Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens). Anim Cogn. 2017;20:823-827 pubmed publisher
    ..Rather this procedure emphasized the importance of attention and individual preferences when investigating familiar and unfamiliar objects, which has implications for cognitive research and enrichment use. ..
  54. Dadras H, Hayatbakhsh M, Shelton W, Golpour A. Effects of dietary administration of Rose hip and Safflower on growth performance, haematological, biochemical parameters and innate immune response of Beluga, Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;59:109-114 pubmed publisher
    ..on growth performance, haematological, biochemical parameters and innate immune response of in juvenile beluga, Huso huso. Fish (26.3 ± 0...
  55. Binnington M, Lei Y, Pokiak L, Pokiak J, Ostertag S, Loseto L, et al. Effects of preparation on nutrient and environmental contaminant levels in Arctic beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) traditional foods. Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2017;19:1000-1015 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to determine how the various processes involved in preparing beluga blubber TFs affect their levels of nutrients and environmental contaminants, we collected blubber samples from 2 ..
  56. Panova E, Agafonov A. A beluga whale socialized with bottlenose dolphins imitates their whistles. Anim Cogn. 2017;20:1153-1160 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe the changes in the vocal repertoire of a beluga whale that was housed with a group of bottlenose dolphins...
  57. Jones S, Taylor G, Chan S, Warren R, Hammond S, Bilobram S, et al. The Genome of the Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas). Genes (Basel). 2017;8: pubmed publisher
    The beluga whale is a cetacean that inhabits arctic and subarctic regions, and is the only living member of the genus Delphinapterus...
  58. Davison A, Nielsen O, Subramaniam K, Jacob J, Romero C, Burek Huntington K, et al. Genome Sequence of an Alphaherpesvirus from a Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas). Genome Announc. 2017;5: pubmed publisher
    b>Beluga whale alphaherpesvirus 1 was isolated from a blowhole swab taken from a juvenile beluga whale. The genome is 144,144 bp in size and contains 86 putative genes...
  59. Noren S, Poll C, Edwards M. Body Growth and Rapid Hematological Development Support Breath Hold of Baby Belugas (Delphinapterus leucas) during Subice Transit. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2018;91:691-704 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined body mass and hematology from birth through adulthood in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). At birth, body mass was 8% and 6% of the maximum mass recorded for adult females and males, respectively...
  60. Lam K, Qi R, Liu S, Kroh A, Yao G, Perry K, et al. The hypothetical protein P47 of Clostridium botulinum E1 strain Beluga has a structural topology similar to bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein. Toxicon. 2018;147:19-26 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings laid the foundation for future structural and functional studies of the potential roles of P47 and OrfX proteins in facilitating oral intoxication of BoNTs. ..
  61. Romano T, Ridgway S, Felten D, Quaranta V. Molecular cloning and characterization of CD4 in an aquatic mammal, the white whale Delphinapterus leucas. Immunogenetics. 1999;49:376-83 pubmed
    ..cloning and characterization of CD4 at the molecular level from an odontocete cetacean, the white whale (Delphinapterus leucas), was carried out...
  62. Rychel A, Reeder T, Berta A. Phylogeny of mysticete whales based on mitochondrial and nuclear data. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;32:892-901 pubmed publisher
    ..Although it was not found in the combined phylogenetic analyses, the "best" tree found under the additive likelihood approach was one with a monophyletic Balaenopteridae...
  63. Xu N, Shiraki T, Yamada T, Nakajima M, Gauthier J, Pfeiffer C, et al. Nucleotide sequence of the p53 cDNA of beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas). Gene. 2002;288:159-66 pubmed
    The cDNA (DNA complementary to RNA) of the p53 gene of the beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) was sequenced by the method of 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) with the cDNA made for the RNA obtained from fresh ..
  64. Begley G, Furie B, Czerwiec E, Taylor K, Furie G, Bronstein L, et al. A conserved motif within the vitamin K-dependent carboxylase gene is widely distributed across animal phyla. J Biol Chem. 2000;275:36245-9 pubmed
    ..We have cloned carboxylase homologs in full-length or partial form from the beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas), toadfish (Opsanus tau), chicken (Gallus gallus), hagfish (Myxine glutinosa), horseshoe crab (Limulus ..
  65. Milinkovitch M, LeDuc R, Adachi J, Farnir F, Georges M, Hasegawa M. Effects of character weighting and species sampling on phylogeny reconstruction: a case study based on DNA sequence data in cetaceans. Genetics. 1996;144:1817-33 pubmed
    ..paraphyly of one of the two major recognized cetacean suborders, the toothed whales. This analysis strongly supports the sister relationship between sperm whales and baleen whales...
  66. Sitt T, Bowen L, Blanchard M, Smith B, Gershwin L, Byrne B, et al. Quantitation of leukocyte gene expression in cetaceans. Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32:1253-9 pubmed publisher
    ..immunologic assessment of three cetacean species including bottlenosed dolphins, Pacific white-sided dolphins and beluga whales...
  67. Yurkowski D, Hussey N, Fisk A, Imrie K, Tallman R, Ferguson S. Temporal shifts in intraguild predation pressure between beluga whales and Greenland halibut in a changing Arctic. Biol Lett. 2017;13: pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigate the flexibility of AIGP among two predators in the same trophic guild: beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) and Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides), by season and over 30 years in ..
  68. Takaesu A, Watanabe K, Takai S, Sasaki Y, Orino K. Sequence analysis of dolphin ferritin H and L subunits and possible iron-dependent translational control of dolphin ferritin gene. Acta Vet Scand. 2008;50:42 pubmed publisher
    ..Lagenorhynchus obliquidens, Grampus griseus, Globicephala macrorhynchus, Tursiops truncatus, and Delphinapterus leucas)...
  69. McGowen M. Toward the resolution of an explosive radiation--a multilocus phylogeny of oceanic dolphins (Delphinidae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;60:345-57 pubmed publisher
  70. Chen Z, Wang Z, Xu S, Zhou K, Yang G. Characterization of hairless (Hr) and FGF5 genes provides insights into the molecular basis of hair loss in cetaceans. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:34 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, the hair follicle cycle was disrupted and the hair was lost completely due to the loss of the Hr gene function in cetaceans. This suggests that cetaceans have evolved an effective and complex mechanism for hair loss...
  71. Noël M, Loseto L, Helbing C, Veldhoen N, Dangerfield N, Ross P. PCBs are associated with altered gene transcript profiles in arctic Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Environ Sci Technol. 2014;48:2942-51 pubmed publisher
    High trophic level arctic beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) are exposed to persistent organic pollutants (POP) originating primarily from southern latitudes...
  72. Zhu K, Zhou X, Xu S, Sun D, Ren W, Zhou K, et al. The loss of taste genes in cetaceans. BMC Evol Biol. 2014;14:218 pubmed publisher
    ..The integrity of the candidate salt taste receptor genes in all the cetaceans examined may be because of their function in Na(+) reabsorption, which is key to osmoregulation and aquatic adaptation. ..
  73. Wang Z, Xu S, Du K, Huang F, Chen Z, Zhou K, et al. Evolution of Digestive Enzymes and RNASE1 Provides Insights into Dietary Switch of Cetaceans. Mol Biol Evol. 2016;33:3144-3157 pubmed
    ..In sum, this is the first study that provides new insights into the evolutionary mechanism of dietary switch in cetaceans. ..