Bolivian squirrel monkey


Alias: Saimiri boliviensis, Saimiri boliviensis (I. Geoffroy & Blainville, 1834)

Top Publications

  1. Blomquist G, Williams L. Quantitative genetics of costly neonatal sexual size dimorphism in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). J Evol Biol. 2013;26:756-65 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe the sex-specific genetic architecture of neonate mass in captive squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis), a small Neotropical primate...
  2. Anderson D, Lapp S, Akinyi S, Meyer E, Barnwell J, Korir Morrison C, et al. Plasmodium vivax trophozoite-stage proteomes. J Proteomics. 2015;115:157-76 pubmed publisher
    ..To further elucidate the interaction of P. vivax with its Saimiri boliviensis host, we obtained detailed proteomes of infected red blood cells, representing the trophozoite-enriched ..
  3. Capozzi O, Archidiacono N, Lorusso N, Stanyon R, Rocchi M. The 14/15 association as a paradigmatic example of tracing karyotype evolution in New World monkeys. Chromosoma. 2016;125:747-56 pubmed publisher
    ..evolutionary history of the ancestral 14/15 association in NWMs, beginning from the squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis)...
  4. Tachibana T, Kusakabe K, Osaki S, Kuraishi T, Hattori S, Yoshizawa M, et al. Histocytological specificities of adrenal cortex in the New World Monkeys, Aotus lemurinus and Saimiri boliviensis. J Vet Med Sci. 2016;78:161-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest potential differences in cellular activities for steroidogenesis between Aotus and Saimiri and experimental usefulness in adrenocortical physiology and pathological models. ..
  5. Liao C, Reed J, Qi H, Sawyer E, Kaas J. Second-order spinal cord pathway contributes to cortical responses after long recoveries from dorsal column injury in squirrel monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:4258-4263 pubmed publisher label the spinal cord neurons, and related results to cortical reactivation in four squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis) at least 7 months after DCL...
  6. Pardini L, Dellarupe A, Bacigalupe D, Quiroga M, Moré G, Rambeaud M, et al. Isolation and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in a colony of captive black-capped squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). Parasitol Int. 2015;64:587-90 pubmed publisher
    ..An outbreak of acute fatal toxoplasmosis was reported in a colony of black-capped squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis) from the zoo of La Plata, Argentina...
  7. Anderson D, Lapp S, Barnwell J, Galinski M. A large scale Plasmodium vivax- Saimiri boliviensis trophozoite-schizont transition proteome. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182561 pubmed publisher
    ..vivax reference genome, we report the proteome from two biological replicates of infected Saimiri boliviensis host reticulocytes undergoing transition from the late trophozoite to early schizont stages...
  8. Viana M, Tavares W, Brant A, Boroni M, Seuánez H. The human retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (RB1): an evolutionary story in primates. Mamm Genome. 2017;28:198-212 pubmed publisher
    ..The lineage leading to platyrrhines and, within platyrrhines, the lineage leading to Saimiri boliviensis showed a high rate of nucleotide substitutions and amino acids...
  9. Wilson V, Inoue Murayama M, Weiss A. A Comparison of Personality in the Common and Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus and Saimiri boliviensis). J Comp Psychol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..These findings suggest that the Bolivian squirrel monkey personality structure is ancestral and that Assertiveness and Openness are ancestral to both the Saimiri ..

More Information


  1. Bekpen C, Marques Bonet T, Alkan C, Antonacci F, Leogrande M, Ventura M, et al. Death and resurrection of the human IRGM gene. PLoS Genet. 2009;5:e1000403 pubmed publisher
    ..Such dynamism in structure and evolution may be critical for a gene family locked in an arms race with an ever-changing repertoire of intracellular parasites...
  2. Blaise S, de Parseval N, B nit L, Heidmann T. Genomewide screening for fusogenic human endogenous retrovirus envelopes identifies syncytin 2, a gene conserved on primate evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:13013-8 pubmed publisher
  3. Song B, Gold B, O hUigin C, Javanbakht H, Li X, Stremlau M, et al. The B30.2(SPRY) domain of the retroviral restriction factor TRIM5alpha exhibits lineage-specific length and sequence variation in primates. J Virol. 2005;79:6111-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The results are consistent with a role for TRIM5alpha in innate immunity against retroviruses...
  4. Reynolds P, Pittler S, Scammell J. Cloning and expression of the glucocorticoid receptor from the squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis), a glucocorticoid-resistant primate. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997;82:465-72 pubmed
    ..Rather, the binding affinity is probably influenced by the expression of cytosolic factors that affect glucocorticoid receptor function. ..
  5. Mehlotra R, Blankenship D, Howes R, Rakotomanga T, Ramiranirina B, Ramboarina S, et al. Long-term in vitro culture of Plasmodium vivax isolates from Madagascar maintained in Saimiri boliviensis blood. Malar J. 2017;16:442 pubmed publisher
    ..There, the P. vivax isolates have been cultured through propagation in the RBCs of Saimiri boliviensis. For the four patient isolates studied to-date, the median time interval between sample collection and in ..
  6. Canavez F, Ladasky J, Muniz J, Seu nez H, Parham P, Cavanez C. beta2-Microglobulin in neotropical primates (Platyrrhini). Immunogenetics. 1998;48:133-40 pubmed
    ..The overall pattern of sequence variation in the B2m genes of the Platyrrhini is consistent with an evolution by successive selectively neutral events...
  7. Denny W, Valentine D, Reynolds P, Smith D, Scammell J. Squirrel monkey immunophilin FKBP51 is a potent inhibitor of glucocorticoid receptor binding. Endocrinology. 2000;141:4107-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Amino acid differences in the more variable N- or C-terminal regions or in regions which join the highly homologous functional domains may be responsible for its more potent inhibitory activity...
  8. Sohocki M, Sullivan L, Tirpak D, Daiger S. Comparative analysis of aryl-hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein-like 1 (Aipl1), a gene associated with inherited retinal disease in humans. Mamm Genome. 2001;12:566-8 pubmed publisher
  9. Baker S, Karlsson L, Thurmond R. Cloning, expression, purification, and activity of dog (Canis familiaris) and monkey (Saimiri boliviensis) cathepsin S. Protein Expr Purif. 2003;28:93-101 pubmed
    ..To help in testing candidate compounds, the monkey (Saimiri boliviensis) and dog (Canis familiaris) cathepsin S cDNAs have been cloned...
  10. Lee A, Buckmaster C, Yi E, Schatzberg A, Lyons D. Coping and glucocorticoid receptor regulation by stress inoculation. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2014;49:272-9 pubmed publisher
  11. Vasauskas A, Hubler T, Boston L, Scammell J. Tissue-specific expression of squirrel monkey chorionic gonadotropin. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2011;170:514-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, selective expression of the squirrel monkey CG? promoter in pituitary and placental cells is governed by distinct cis-elements that exhibit homology with human LH? and marmoset CG? promoters, respectively. ..
  12. Harada M, Schneider H, Schneider M, Sampaio I, Czelusniak J, Goodman M. DNA evidence on the phylogenetic systematics of New World monkeys: support for the sister-grouping of Cebus and Saimiri from two unlinked nuclear genes. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1995;4:331-49 pubmed publisher
  13. Ding K, McDonough S, Kullo I. Evidence for positive selection in the C-terminal domain of the cholesterol metabolism gene PCSK9 based on phylogenetic analysis in 14 primate species. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e1098 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that among primates, differential selective pressure has shaped evolutionary patterns in the functional domains of PCSK9, an important regulator of cholesterol homeostasis. ..
  14. Pausch H, Kölle S, Wurmser C, Schwarzenbacher H, Emmerling R, Jansen S, et al. A nonsense mutation in TMEM95 encoding a nondescript transmembrane protein causes idiopathic male subfertility in cattle. PLoS Genet. 2014;10:e1004044 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that deficiency of TMEM95 severely compromises male reproductive performance in cattle and reveal for the first time a phenotypic effect associated with genomic variation in TMEM95. ..
  15. Busnadiego I, Kane M, Rihn S, Preugschas H, Hughes J, Blanco Melo D, et al. Host and viral determinants of Mx2 antiretroviral activity. J Virol. 2014;88:7738-52 pubmed publisher
    ..We also show that primate variants of Mx2 differ in the spectrum of lentiviruses they inhibit and that a single residue in Mx2 can determine this antiviral specificity. ..
  16. Mowery T, Kostylev P, Garraghty P. AMPA and GABA(A/B) receptor subunit expression in the cuneate nucleus of adult squirrel monkeys during peripheral nerve regeneration. Neurosci Lett. 2014;559:141-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Together these results suggest that during reorganization and recovery from injury the brainstem and cortex are governed by homogeneous mechanisms of plasticity. ..
  17. Liu J, Makova K, Adkins R, Gibson S, Li W. Episodic evolution of growth hormone in primates and emergence of the species specificity of human growth hormone receptor. Mol Biol Evol. 2001;18:945-53 pubmed publisher
  18. Scammell J, Funkhouser J, Moyer F, Gibson S, Willis D. Molecular cloning of pituitary glycoprotein alpha-subunit and follicle stimulating hormone and chorionic gonadotropin beta-subunits from New World squirrel monkey and owl monkey. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2008;155:534-41 pubmed publisher
    ..It is likely that CG secreted from pituitary of New World primates exhibits a relatively short half-life compared to human CG...
  19. Shimmin L, Mai P, Li W. Sequences and evolution of human and squirrel monkey blue opsin genes. J Mol Evol. 1997;44:378-82 pubmed
    The sequences of the entire blue opsin gene in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis) and the five introns of the human blue opsin gene were obtained...
  20. Evans P, Anderson J, Vallender E, Gilbert S, Malcom C, Dorus S, et al. Adaptive evolution of ASPM, a major determinant of cerebral cortical size in humans. Hum Mol Genet. 2004;13:489-94 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore conclude that ASPM underwent strong adaptive evolution in the descent of Homo sapiens, which is consistent with its putative role in the evolutionary enlargement of the human brain...
  21. Apoil P, Blancher A. Sequences and evolution of mammalian RH gene transcripts and proteins. Immunogenetics. 1999;49:15-25 pubmed
    ..The cDNA sequences were compared with those previously reported in human, nonhuman primates, and cattle. The time of coalescence of mammalian Rh cDNA sequences was estimated by phylogenetic analysis to be 100 million years. ..
  22. Ylinen L, Keckesova Z, Wilson S, Ranasinghe S, Towers G. Differential restriction of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 and simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac by TRIM5alpha alleles. J Virol. 2005;79:11580-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We map the determinant for TRIM5alpha sensitivity to the structure in the capsid protein that recruits CypA into HIV-1 virions. We also make an SIV, mutated at this site, which bypasses restriction in all cells tested...