pygmy chimpanzee

Summary

Alias: bonobo, Pan paniscus

Top Publications

  1. Prüfer K, Munch K, Hellmann I, Akagi K, Miller J, Walenz B, et al. The bonobo genome compared with the chimpanzee and human genomes. Nature. 2012;486:527-31 pubmed publisher
    Two African apes are the closest living relatives of humans: the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and the bonobo (Pan paniscus)...
  2. Osada N, Kusuda J, Hirata M, Tanuma R, Hida M, Sugano S, et al. Search for genes positively selected during primate evolution by 5'-end-sequence screening of cynomolgus monkey cDNAs. Genomics. 2002;79:657-62 pubmed
    ..The products of other candidate genes consisted of a cell-surface protein, a member of the lipocalin family, a nuclear transcription factor, and hypothetical proteins. ..
  3. Blaise S, de Parseval N, B nit L, Heidmann T. Genomewide screening for fusogenic human endogenous retrovirus envelopes identifies syncytin 2, a gene conserved on primate evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:13013-8 pubmed publisher
  4. Zhang J, Webb D. Rapid evolution of primate antiviral enzyme APOBEC3G. Hum Mol Genet. 2004;13:1785-91 pubmed
    ..The identification of pervasive positive selection for charge-altering amino acid substitutions supports the hypothesis of electrostatic interactions between APOBEC3G and vif or its functional equivalents. ..
  5. Doan J, Schmidt T, Wildman D, Goodman M, Weiss M, Grossman L. Rapid nonsynonymous evolution of the iron-sulfur protein in anthropoid primates. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2005;37:35-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, we find that the catalytically active ISP has an accelerated rate of amino acid replacement in anthropoid primates whereas the catalytically inactive subunit 9 does not...
  6. Uddin M, Opazo J, Wildman D, Sherwood C, Hof P, Goodman M, et al. Molecular evolution of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5A gene in primates. BMC Evol Biol. 2008;8:8 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that adaptations in ETC genes contributed to the emergence of the energetically expensive anthropoid neocortex...
  7. Kerns J, Emerman M, Malik H. Positive selection and increased antiviral activity associated with the PARP-containing isoform of human zinc-finger antiviral protein. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e21 pubmed publisher
    ..The striking congruence between our evolutionary predictions and cellular infectivity assays strongly validates such a combined approach to study intrinsic immunity genes. ..
  8. Elde N, Child S, Geballe A, Malik H. Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry. Nature. 2009;457:485-9 pubmed publisher
  9. Lim E, Malik H, Emerman M. Ancient adaptive evolution of tetherin shaped the functions of Vpu and Nef in human immunodeficiency virus and primate lentiviruses. J Virol. 2010;84:7124-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Our combined evolutionary and functional studies have allowed us to reconstruct the host-pathogen interactions that have shaped Tetherin and its lentivirus-encoded antagonists...

More Information

Publications165 found, 100 shown here

  1. Lim E, Fregoso O, McCoy C, Matsen F, Malik H, Emerman M. The ability of primate lentiviruses to degrade the monocyte restriction factor SAMHD1 preceded the birth of the viral accessory protein Vpx. Cell Host Microbe. 2012;11:194-204 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that vpr neofunctionalized to degrade SAMHD1 even prior to the birth of a separate vpx gene, thereby initiating an evolutionary arms race with SAMHD1...
  2. Messier W, Stewart C. Episodic adaptive evolution of primate lysozymes. Nature. 1997;385:151-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Both adaptive episodes were followed by episodes of negative selection. Thus this approach can detect adaptive and purifying episodes, and localize them to specific lineages during protein evolution...
  3. Cooper S, Adams E, Wells R, Walker C, Parham P. A major histocompatibility complex class I allele shared by two species of chimpanzee. Immunogenetics. 1998;47:212-7 pubmed
    ..Discovery of identical [1101 base pairs (bp)] coding regions at the MHC class I C locus in Pan troglodytes and Pan paniscus, chimpanzee species that diverged approximately 2...
  4. Sawyer S, Emerman M, Malik H. Ancient adaptive evolution of the primate antiviral DNA-editing enzyme APOBEC3G. PLoS Biol. 2004;2:E275 pubmed
    ..Despite being only recently discovered, editing of RNA and DNA may thus represent an ancient form of host defense in primate genomes. ..
  5. Ortiz M, Bleiber G, Martinez R, Kaessmann H, Telenti A. Patterns of evolution of host proteins involved in retroviral pathogenesis. Retrovirology. 2006;3:11 pubmed publisher
    ..The strong sequence conservation of the TRIM19/PML sequences among primates suggests that this gene does not play a role in antiretroviral defense...
  6. Sawyer S, Emerman M, Malik H. Discordant evolution of the adjacent antiretroviral genes TRIM22 and TRIM5 in mammals. PLoS Pathog. 2007;3:e197 pubmed publisher
    ..Astonishingly, this same loop is under positive selection in the multiple cow TRIM5 genes as well, indicating that this small structural loop may be a viral recognition motif spanning a hundred million years of mammalian evolution...
  7. Hoffmann M, Schütze E, Bernhard A, Schlaphoff L, Kaul A, Schöniger S, et al. Disease Manifestation and Viral Sequences in a Bonobo More Than 30 Years after Papillomavirus Infection. Pathogens. 2019;8: pubmed publisher
    b>Pan paniscus Papillomavirus 1 (PpPV1) causes focal epithelial hyperplasia (FEH) in infected animals...
  8. Oelze V, Fuller B, Richards M, Fruth B, Surbeck M, Hublin J, et al. Exploring the contribution and significance of animal protein in the diet of bonobos by stable isotope ratio analysis of hair. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:9792-7 pubmed publisher
    ..present a study using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in hair samples from habituated, wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) to explore these issues...
  9. Keita M, Hamad I, Bittar F. Looking in apes as a source of human pathogens. Microb Pathog. 2014;77:149-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In this special issue, we report that apes, including chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), bonobos (Pan paniscus), gorillas (Gorilla gorilla and Gorilla beringei), orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abelii), gibbons (..
  10. McGrew W. In search of the last common ancestor: new findings on wild chimpanzees. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2010;365:3267-76 pubmed publisher
    ..modelling is based on rigorous, ongoing field studies of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and the bonobo (Pan paniscus)...
  11. Clay Z, Zuberbuhler K. Communication during sex among female bonobos: effects of dominance, solicitation and audience. Sci Rep. 2012;2:291 pubmed publisher
    b>Bonobo females frequently form close bonds, which give them social power over other group members. One potential mechanism to facilitate female bonding is the performance of sexual interactions...
  12. Samuel D, Nauwelaerts S, Stevens J, Kivell T. Hand pressures during arboreal locomotion in captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). J Exp Biol. 2018;221: pubmed publisher
    ..These results have implications for interpreting extant and fossilized hand morphology; we expect bonobo (and chimpanzee) bony morphology to primarily reflect the biomechanical loading of knuckle-walking, while ..
  13. Grawunder S, Crockford C, Clay Z, Kalan A, Stevens J, Stoessel A, et al. Higher fundamental frequency in bonobos is explained by larynx morphology. Curr Biol. 2018;28:R1188-R1189 pubmed publisher
    ..between fundamental frequency and body size is found in the two closest living relatives of humans, bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)...
  14. Gazave E, Darré F, Morcillo Suarez C, Petit Marty N, Carreño A, Marigorta U, et al. Copy number variation analysis in the great apes reveals species-specific patterns of structural variation. Genome Res. 2011;21:1626-39 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, for bonobo and gorilla, patterns of CNV and nucleotide diversity were studied in the same individuals...
  15. Mailund T, Halager A, Westergaard M, Dutheil J, Munch K, Andersen L, et al. A new isolation with migration model along complete genomes infers very different divergence processes among closely related great ape species. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1003125 pubmed publisher
    ..is gradual or instantaneous, and we apply the model to three key divergence processes in great apes: (a) the bonobo and common chimpanzee, (b) the eastern and western gorilla, and (c) the Sumatran and Bornean orang-utan...
  16. Schneider C, Liebal K, Call J. "Giving" and "responding" differences in gestural communication between nonhuman great ape mothers and infants. Dev Psychobiol. 2017;59:303-313 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings confirmed the hypothesis that bonobo mothers were more proactive in their gesturing to their infants than the other species...
  17. Verhulst N, Umanets A, Weldegergis B, Maas J, Visser T, Dicke M, et al. Do apes smell like humans? The role of skin bacteria and volatiles of primates in mosquito host selection. J Exp Biol. 2018;221: pubmed publisher
    ..anthropophilic mosquitoes and no preference was observed when tested against non-human primate odour, except for bonobo volatiles, which were preferred over human volatiles...
  18. Ruff C, Burgess M. How much more would KNM-WT 15000 have grown?. J Hum Evol. 2015;80:74-82 pubmed publisher
    ..data derived from four African ape taxa: Pan troglodytes troglodytes, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Pan paniscus, and Gorilla gorilla gorilla...
  19. Bardo A, Pouydebat E, Meunier H. Do bimanual coordination, tool use, and body posture contribute equally to hand preferences in bonobos?. J Hum Evol. 2015;82:159-69 pubmed publisher
    ..bipedal) and task complexity (bimanual coordination and two tool use tasks of different complexity) in bonobos (Pan paniscus)...
  20. Das R, Hergenrother S, Soto Calderón I, Dew J, Anthony N, Jensen Seaman M. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the Eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) and implications for african ape biogeography. J Hered. 2014;105:752-61 pubmed publisher
    ..9 million years ago, slightly more recent than that of chimpanzee and bonobo. We in turn use this date as a calibration to reanalyze sequences from the Eastern lowland and mountain gorilla ..
  21. Demuru E, Ferrari P, Palagi E. Emotionality and intentionality in bonobo playful communication. Anim Cogn. 2015;18:333-44 pubmed publisher
    ..in the course of ontogeny, we investigated the use of playful facial expressions and gestures in bonobos (Pan paniscus), a tolerant species showing a high propensity to play even as adults...
  22. Brower C, Rosen C, Jones R, Wadas B, Piatkov K, Varshavsky A. Liat1, an arginyltransferase-binding protein whose evolution among primates involved changes in the numbers of its 10-residue repeats. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:E4936-45 pubmed publisher
    ..For example, there are 1, 4, 13, 13, 17, and 17 repeats in the gibbon, gorilla, orangutan, bonobo, neanderthal, and human Liat1, respectively, suggesting that repeat number changes in this previously ..
  23. Synek A, Dunmore C, Kivell T, Skinner M, Pahr D. Inverse remodelling algorithm identifies habitual manual activities of primates based on metacarpal bone architecture. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2019;18:399-410 pubmed publisher
    ..primate species: manipulation (human), suspensory locomotion (orangutan), and knuckle-walking locomotion (bonobo, chimpanzee, gorilla)...
  24. Surbeck M, Hohmann G. Social preferences influence the short-term exchange of social grooming among male bonobos. Anim Cogn. 2015;18:573-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we test this prediction in the exchange of grooming among males in a wild bonobo community for which close relatedness could be excluded...
  25. Völter C, Call J. The cognitive underpinnings of flexible tool use in great apes. J Exp Psychol Anim Learn Cogn. 2014;40:287-302 pubmed publisher
    ..We presented chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), bonobos (Pan paniscus), and orangutans (Pongo abelii) with different versions of a maze-like multilevel trap task...
  26. Beaune D, Hohmann G, Serckx A, Sakamaki T, Narat V, Fruth B. How bonobo communities deal with tannin rich fruits: Re-ingestion and other feeding processes. Behav Processes. 2017;142:131-137 pubmed publisher
    This report describes bonobo (Pan paniscus, Hominidae) behavioral flexibility and inter-community differences with high tannin level fruit processing...
  27. Boose K, White F, Brand C, Meinelt A, Snodgrass J. Infant handling in bonobos (Pan paniscus): Exploring functional hypotheses and the relationship to oxytocin. Physiol Behav. 2018;193:154-166 pubmed publisher
    ..social bonds in mammals, the purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of infant handling in bonobos (Pan paniscus) and to explore proposed functional hypotheses...
  28. Rilling J, Scholz J, Preuss T, Glasser M, Errangi B, Behrens T. Differences between chimpanzees and bonobos in neural systems supporting social cognition. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2012;7:369-79 pubmed publisher
    Our two closest living primate relatives, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus), exhibit significant behavioral differences despite belonging to the same genus and sharing a very recent common ancestor...
  29. Palomero Gallagher N, Zilles K. Differences in cytoarchitecture of Broca's region between human, ape and macaque brains. Cortex. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..level indices (volume proportion of neuropil and cell bodies) in serially sectioned and cell body stained human, bonobo, chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan and Macaca fascicularis brains...
  30. Rosati A, Hare B. Chimpanzees and bonobos exhibit emotional responses to decision outcomes. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63058 pubmed publisher
    ..decision-making in humans' closest phylogenetic relatives, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus)...
  31. Karg K, Schmelz M, Call J, Tomasello M. All great ape species (Gorilla gorilla, Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Pongo abelii) and two-and-a-half-year-old children (Homo sapiens) discriminate appearance from reality. J Comp Psychol. 2014;128:431-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Subjects were 29 great apes (bonobos [Pan paniscus], chimpanzees [Pan troglodytes], gorillas [Gorilla gorilla], and orangutans [Pongo abelii]) and 24 2½-year-..
  32. Narat V, Guillot J, Pennec F, Lafosse S, Grüner A, Simmen B, et al. Intestinal Helminths of Wild Bonobos in Forest-Savanna Mosaic: Risk Assessment of Cross-Species Transmission with Local People in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ecohealth. 2015;12:621-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Bonobos (Pan paniscus) of the Bolobo Territory, Democratic Republic of the Congo, live in a fragmented forest-savanna mosaic setting, ..
  33. Goldstone L, Sommer V, Nurmi N, Stephens C, Fruth B. Food begging and sharing in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus): assessing relationship quality?. Primates. 2016;57:367-76 pubmed publisher
  34. Krupenye C, Hare B. Bonobos Prefer Individuals that Hinder Others over Those that Help. Curr Biol. 2018;28:280-286.e5 pubmed publisher
    ..As the most socially tolerant nonhuman ape [11-17] (but see [18]), bonobos (Pan paniscus) provide a powerful phylogenetic test of whether this trait is derived in humans...
  35. Celestino Soper P, Lynnes T, Zhang L, Ouyang K, Wann S, Clyde V, et al. Genetic analyses in a bonobo (Pan paniscus) with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Sci Rep. 2018;8:4350 pubmed publisher
    ..In 2012, the alpha male bonobo of the Milwaukee County Zoo died suddenly and histologic evaluation found features of ARVC...
  36. Wobber V, Hare B. Psychological health of orphan bonobos and chimpanzees in African sanctuaries. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17147 pubmed publisher
    ..These facilities, called sanctuaries, provide housing for apes such as bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) who have been illegally taken from the wild and sold as pets...
  37. Stimpson C, Barger N, Taglialatela J, Gendron Fitzpatrick A, Hof P, Hopkins W, et al. Differential serotonergic innervation of the amygdala in bonobos and chimpanzees. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2016;11:413-22 pubmed publisher
    Humans' closest living relatives are bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), yet these great ape species differ considerably from each other in terms of social behavior...
  38. Speir M, Zweig A, Rosenbloom K, Raney B, Paten B, Nejad P, et al. The UCSC Genome Browser database: 2016 update. Nucleic Acids Res. 2016;44:D717-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Some release highlights of this year include new and updated genome browsers for various assemblies, including bonobo and zebrafish; new gene annotation sets; improvements to track and assembly hub support; and a new interactive ..
  39. Sakamaki T, Maloueki U, Bakaa B, Bongoli L, Kasalevo P, Terada S, et al. Mammals consumed by bonobos (Pan paniscus): new data from the Iyondji forest, Tshuapa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Primates. 2016;57:295-301 pubmed publisher
    ..Although our knowledge of behavioral variations of the bonobo (Pan paniscus) is limited compared with its sister species, the chimpanzee (P...
  40. Bardo A, Borel A, Meunier H, Guéry J, Pouydebat E. Behavioral and functional strategies during tool use tasks in bonobos. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2016;161:125-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the present study was to quantify the functional and behavioral strategies used by captive bonobos (Pan paniscus) during tool use tasks...
  41. Graham K, Furuichi T, Byrne R. The gestural repertoire of the wild bonobo (Pan paniscus): a mutually understood communication system. Anim Cogn. 2017;20:171-177 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus), we aimed to discover whether their gestural communication is indeed a mutually understood communicative ..
  42. Diogo R, Molnar J, Wood B. Bonobo anatomy reveals stasis and mosaicism in chimpanzee evolution, and supports bonobos as the most appropriate extant mode?l for the common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans. Sci Rep. 2017;7:608 pubmed publisher
    Common chimps and bonobos are our closest living relatives but almost nothing is known about bonobo internal anatomy. We present the first phylogenetic analysis to include musculoskeletal data obtained from a recent ?dissection of bonobos...
  43. Issa H, Staes N, Diggs Galligan S, Stimpson C, Gendron Fitzpatrick A, Taglialatela J, et al. Comparison of bonobo and chimpanzee brain microstructure reveals differences in socio-emotional circuits. Brain Struct Funct. 2019;224:239-251 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings support the conclusion that bonobo and chimpanzee brains differ in the anatomical organization of socio-emotional systems that may reflect species-..
  44. Weiss A, Staes N, Pereboom J, Inoue Murayama M, Stevens J, Eens M. Personality in Bonobos. Psychol Sci. 2015;26:1430-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Using orthogonal targeted Procrustes rotations, we compared the bonobo dimensions with those of three samples of captive chimpanzees...
  45. Kalousová B, Hasegawa H, Petrželková K, Sakamaki T, Kooriyma T, Modrý D. Adult hookworms (Necator spp.) collected from researchers working with wild western lowland gorillas. Parasit Vectors. 2016;9:75 pubmed publisher
    ..A male worm discharged naturally from a wild bonobo (Pan paniscus) in Congo was also examined for comparison...
  46. White F, Waller M, Boose K, Merrill M, Wood K. Function of loud calls in wild bonobos. J Anthropol Sci. 2015;93:89-101 pubmed publisher
    ..Data on frequencies, context, and locations of vocalizations were collected for wild bonobos, Pan paniscus, at the Lomako Forest study site in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1983 to 2009...
  47. Lavergne A, Donato D, Gessain A, Niphuis H, Nerrienet E, Verschoor E, et al. African great apes are naturally infected with roseoloviruses closely related to human herpesvirus 7. J Virol. 2014;88:13212-20 pubmed publisher
    ..t. ellioti, P. t. troglodytes, and P. t. schweinfurthii), pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus), as well as lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)...
  48. de Groot N, Stevens J, Bontrop R. Does the MHC Confer Protection against Malaria in Bonobos?. Trends Immunol. 2018;39:768-771 pubmed publisher
    ..The MHC class I system, however, may play an important role, as particular bonobo allotypes show functional similarities to HLA-B*53/B*78, which are considered to confer protection against malaria ..
  49. Puppione D, Donna L, Laganowsky A, Bassilian S, Souda P, Ryder O, et al. Mass spectral analyses of the two major apolipoproteins of great ape high density lipoproteins. Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics. 2009;4:305-9 pubmed
    ..Although humans are closely related to great apes, apolipoprotein data do not exist for bonobos (Pan paniscus), western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and the Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii)...
  50. Zihlman A, Bolter D. Body composition in Pan paniscus compared with Homo sapiens has implications for changes during human evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112:7466-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we present data on the body composition of 13 bonobos (Pan paniscus) measured during anatomical dissections and compare the data with Homo sapiens...
  51. Roffman I, Savage Rumbaugh S, Rubert Pugh E, Stadler A, Ronen A, Nevo E. Preparation and use of varied natural tools for extractive foraging by bonobos (Pan Paniscus). Am J Phys Anthropol. 2015;158:78-91 pubmed publisher
    The tool-assisted extractive foraging capabilities of captive (zoo) and semi-captive (sanctuary) bonobo (Pan paniscus) groups were compared to each other and to those known in wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) cultures...
  52. Holloway R, Broadfield D, Carlson K. New high-resolution computed tomography data of the Taung partial cranium and endocast and their bearing on metopism and hominin brain evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:13022-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Nor do chimpanzee and bonobo endocast data support the assertion that delayed metopic closure in Taung is necessary because of widening (..
  53. Krupenye C, Rosati A, Hare B. Bonobos and chimpanzees exhibit human-like framing effects. Biol Lett. 2015;11:20140527 pubmed publisher
    ..the evolutionary origin of this bias, we examined decision-making in humans' closest living relatives: bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)...
  54. Narat V, Pennec F, Simmen B, Ngawolo J, Krief S. Bonobo habituation in a forest-savanna mosaic habitat: influence of ape species, habitat type, and sociocultural context. Primates. 2015;56:339-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we present the first study of the process of bonobo habituation in a fragmented habitat, a forest-savanna mosaic in the community-based conservation area led by the ..
  55. Koops K, Furuichi T, Hashimoto C, van Schaik C. Sex Differences in Object Manipulation in Wild Immature Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) and Bonobos (Pan paniscus): Preparation for Tool Use?. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0139909 pubmed publisher
    ..dominance displays). In conclusion, even though immature behaviours almost certainly reflect preparation for adult roles, more detailed future work is needed to disentangle possible functions of object manipulation during development. ..
  56. Kret M, Jaasma L, Bionda T, Wijnen J. Bonobos (Pan paniscus) show an attentional bias toward conspecifics' emotions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113:3761-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that protective and affiliative behaviors are pivotal in bonobo society and therefore attract immediate attention in this species.
  57. Agnew M, Asa C, Clyde V, Keller D, Meinelt A. A survey of bonobo (Pan paniscus) oral contraceptive pill use in North American zoos. Zoo Biol. 2016;35:444-453 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report survey results characterizing OCP use in bonobos (Pan paniscus) housed in North American zoos, as well as information accumulated in the RMC's Contraception Database...
  58. Mathevon N, Casey C, Reichmuth C, Charrier I. Northern Elephant Seals Memorize the Rhythm and Timbre of Their Rivals' Voices. Curr Biol. 2017;27:2352-2356.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..demonstrated through behavioral training [9] (but see [10] for an example of spontaneous tempo coordination in a bonobo), and there is no experimental evidence to indicate its biological function...
  59. McIntosh A, Bennett C, Dickson D, Anestis S, Watts D, Webster T, et al. The apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene appears functionally monomorphic in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47760 pubmed publisher
    ..We also compared APOE sequences for all available ape genera and fossil hominins. The bonobo APOE protein is identical to that of the chimpanzee, and the Denisovan APOE exhibits all four human-specific, non-..
  60. Esposito G, Truzzi A, Setoh P, Putnick D, Shinohara K, Bornstein M. Genetic predispositions and parental bonding interact to shape adults' physiological responses to social distress. Behav Brain Res. 2017;325:156-162 pubmed publisher
    ..presentation of distress vocalizations (distress cries belonging to female human infants and adults as well as bonobo). The two physiological responses index, respectively, state of arousal and readiness to action...
  61. Stabell A, Meyerson N, Gullberg R, Gilchrist A, Webb K, Old W, et al. Dengue viruses cleave STING in humans but not in nonhuman primates, their presumed natural reservoir. elife. 2018;7: pubmed publisher
    ..Dengue viruses may have evolved to increase viral titers in the dense and vast human population, while maintaining decreased titers and pathogenicity in the more rare animals that serve as their sustaining reservoir in nature. ..
  62. Fruth B, Hohmann G. Food Sharing across Borders : First Observation of Intercommunity Meat Sharing by Bonobos at LuiKotale, DRC. Hum Nat. 2018;29:91-103 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report the first known case of meat sharing between members of two bonobo communities, revealing a new dimension of social tolerance in this species...
  63. Puppione D, Ryan C, Bassilian S, Souda P, Xiao X, Ryder O, et al. Detection of two distinct forms of apoC-I in great apes. Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics. 2010;5:73-9 pubmed publisher
    ..we have measured the molecular masses of apoC-I associated with the HDL of the following great apes: bonobo (Pan paniscus), chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), and the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii)...
  64. Neufuss J, Humle T, Cremaschi A, Kivell T. Nut-cracking behaviour in wild-born, rehabilitated bonobos (Pan paniscus): a comprehensive study of hand-preference, hand grips and efficiency. Am J Primatol. 2017;79:1-16 pubmed publisher
    ..However, their sister-taxon, the bonobos (Pan paniscus), rarely engage in even simple tool-use and are not known to nut-crack in the wild...
  65. Surbeck M, Deschner T, Behringer V, Hohmann G. Urinary C-peptide levels in male bonobos (Pan paniscus) are related to party size and rank but not to mate competition. Horm Behav. 2015;71:22-30 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we use urinary C-peptide (UCP) levels in male bonobos (Pan paniscus) obtained from 260 urine samples from a wild bonobo community, to quantify male energy balance during mate ..
  66. Liang H, He S, Yang J, Jia X, Wang P, Chen X, et al. PTEN?, a PTEN isoform translated through alternative initiation, regulates mitochondrial function and energy metabolism. Cell Metab. 2014;19:836-48 pubmed publisher
  67. Douglas P, Hohmann G, Murtagh R, Thiessen Bock R, Deschner T. Mixed messages: wild female bonobos show high variability in the timing of ovulation in relation to sexual swelling patterns. BMC Evol Biol. 2016;16:140 pubmed publisher
    ..examined the temporal relation between the maximum swelling phase (MSP) and ovulation in wild female bonobos (Pan paniscus). Data were collected at the Luikotale field site, Democratic Republic of Congo, spanning 36 months...
  68. Brand C, Boose K, Squires E, Marchant L, White F, Meinelt A, et al. Hair plucking, stress, and urinary cortisol among captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). Zoo Biol. 2016;35:415-422 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these data add to our knowledge of a contemporary issue in captive ape management. Zoo Biol. 35:415-422, 2016. © Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  69. Tokuyama N, Moore D, Graham K, Lokasola A, Furuichi T. Cases of maternal cannibalism in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) from two different field sites, Wamba and Kokolopori, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Primates. 2017;58:7-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Although rare, the occurrence of maternal cannibalism at three different study sites suggests that this may represent part of the behavioral repertoire of bonobos, rather than an aberrant behavior. ..
  70. Shimmin L, Miller J, Tran H, Li W. Contrasting levels of DNA polymorphism at the autosomal and X-linked visual color pigment loci in humans and squirrel monkeys. Mol Biol Evol. 1998;15:449-55 pubmed
    ..In addition, these sequence data and those from some other genes indicate that the common and pygmy chimpanzees are not closely related, their divergence data being from one third to one half the date of the human-chimpanzee divergence. ..
  71. Truzzi A, Bornstein M, Senese V, Shinohara K, Setoh P, Esposito G. Serotonin Transporter Gene Polymorphisms and Early Parent-Infant Interactions Are Related to Adult Male Heart Rate Response to Female Crying. Front Physiol. 2017;8:111 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed heart rate changes in 42 non-married male adults to distress vocalizations (female, infant, and bonobo cries). Males' early interaction with parents was assessed using the Parental Bonding Instrument...
  72. Boose K, White F. Harassment of adults by immatures in bonobos (Pan paniscus): testing the Exploratory Aggression and Rank Improvement hypotheses. Primates. 2017;58:493-504 pubmed publisher
    ..These results support predictions from each hypothesis where harassment functions both as a mechanism of social exploration and as a tool to establish dominance rank. ..
  73. Malfavon Borja R, Feschotte C. Fighting fire with fire: endogenous retrovirus envelopes as restriction factors. J Virol. 2015;89:4047-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the proposed mode of restriction and the domain architecture of known antiretroviral env, we argue that many more env gene-derived restriction factors await discovery in vertebrate genomes, including the human genome. ..
  74. Völter C, Sentís I, Call J. Great apes and children infer causal relations from patterns of variation and covariation. Cognition. 2016;155:30-43 pubmed publisher
    ..We presented chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), bonobos (Pan paniscus), orangutans (Pongo abelii), gorillas (Gorilla gorilla), and children (Homo sapiens) with a novel reward ..
  75. Weinstein D. The "Make Love, Not War" Ape: Bonobos and Late Twentieth-Century Explanations for War and Peace. Endeavour. 2016;40:256-267 pubmed publisher
    ..De Waal's popular books heralded the "make love, not war" bonobo as humans' evolutionary next-of-kin and contributed to raising public interest in bonobos during the late ..
  76. McCreight J, Schneider S, Wilburn D, Swanson W. Evolution of microRNA in primates. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0176596 pubmed publisher
    ..These species include a sister taxon to humans (bonobo) and basal primates (aye-aye, mouse lemur, galago)...
  77. Wrangham R. Two types of aggression in human evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:245-253 pubmed publisher
    ..have a low propensity for reactive aggression compared with chimpanzees, and in this respect humans are more bonobo-like. The bimodal classification of human aggression helps solve two important puzzles...
  78. Luo B, Johnson S, Lebioda L, Berger S. Evolution of metamorphism in thymidylate synthases within the primate lineages. J Mol Evol. 2011;72:306-14 pubmed publisher
  79. Garai C, Weiss A, Arnaud C, Furuichi T. Personality in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus). Am J Primatol. 2016;78:1178-1189 pubmed publisher
    ..observations and questionnaire ratings, we examined factors influencing personality in 16 wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba, Luo Scientific Reserve, Democratic Republic of the Congo...
  80. Takemoto H. Acquisition of terrestrial life by human ancestors influenced by forest microclimate. Sci Rep. 2017;7:5741 pubmed publisher
    ..change in forest utilization height of West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and central African bonobos (Pan paniscus), and show that the difference in terrestriality between these two species was mainly caused by ambient ..
  81. Brand C, Marchant L, Boose K, White F, Rood T, Meinelt A. Laterality of Grooming and Tool Use in a Group of Captive Bonobos (Pan paniscus). Folia Primatol (Basel). 2017;88:210-222 pubmed publisher
    ..whether increasing task difficulty elicited individual hand preference among a group of captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). Subjects were 17 bonobos housed at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium...
  82. Roncaglioni M, Falanga A, D Alessandro A, Alessio M, Casali B, Donati M. Evidence of a warfarin-sensitive cancer procoagulant in V2 carcinoma. Haematologica. 1989;74:143-7 pubmed
    ..The accumulation of endogenous substrate(s) and the depression of the CP activity by warfarin raises the possibility that CP represents at least one of the substrates for gamma-glutamyl carboxylase in this experimental tumor tissue. ..
  83. Ding K, McDonough S, Kullo I. Evidence for positive selection in the C-terminal domain of the cholesterol metabolism gene PCSK9 based on phylogenetic analysis in 14 primate species. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e1098 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that among primates, differential selective pressure has shaped evolutionary patterns in the functional domains of PCSK9, an important regulator of cholesterol homeostasis. ..
  84. Buttelmann D, Buttelmann F, Carpenter M, Call J, Tomasello M. Great apes distinguish true from false beliefs in an interactive helping task. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0173793 pubmed publisher
    ..is passed by human 1-year-old infants, great apes as a group, including chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), bonobos (Pan paniscus), and orangutans (Pongo abelii), distinguish between true and false beliefs in their helping behavior...
  85. Rojo R, Castro M, Martinez Laso J, Serrano Vela J, Morales P, Moscoso J, et al. MHC-F DNA sequences in bonobo, gorilla and orangutan. Tissue Antigens. 2005;66:277-83 pubmed
    ..HLA-F orthologous cDNA transcripts are found in chimpanzee and in the new primate species studied (bonobo, gorilla and orangutan)...
  86. Surbeck M, Langergraber K, Fruth B, Vigilant L, Hohmann G. Male reproductive skew is higher in bonobos than chimpanzees. Curr Biol. 2017;27:R640-R641 pubmed publisher
    The two closest living relatives of humans, bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), share many traits that are common in humans but rare in other mammals, including societies with high fission-fusion dynamics, male ..
  87. Lobon I, Tucci S, de Manuel M, Ghirotto S, Benazzo A, Prado Martinez J, et al. Demographic History of the Genus Pan Inferred from Whole Mitochondrial Genome Reconstructions. Genome Biol Evol. 2016;8:2020-30 pubmed publisher
    The genus Pan is the closest genus to our own and it includes two species, Pan paniscus (bonobos) and Pan troglodytes (chimpanzees). The later is constituted by four subspecies, all highly endangered...
  88. Oelze V, Fahy G, Hohmann G, Robbins M, Leinert V, Lee K, et al. Comparative isotope ecology of African great apes. J Hum Evol. 2016;101:1-16 pubmed publisher
    ..In this comparative study, we included all species of free-ranging African great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus, Gorilla sp.)...
  89. Oetjens M, Shen F, Emery S, Zou Z, Kidd J. Y-Chromosome Structural Diversity in the Bonobo and Chimpanzee Lineages. Genome Biol Evol. 2016;8:2231-40 pubmed publisher
    ..subspecies: Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Pan troglodytes ellioti, and Pan troglodytes verus) and two bonobo (Pan paniscus) male whole-genome sequences to assess Y ampliconic copy-number diversity across the Pan genus...
  90. Serckx A, Huynen M, Beudels Jamar R, Vimond M, Bogaert J, Kühl H. Bonobo nest site selection and the importance of predictor scales in primate ecology. Am J Primatol. 2016;78:1326-1343 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we use nest count data on bonobos (Pan paniscus) to build distribution models which simultaneously evaluate the influence of several predictors at multiple ..
  91. Noureen A, Ronke C, Khalifa M, Halbwax M, Fischer A, André C, et al. Significant differentiation in the apolipoprotein(a)/lipoprotein(a) trait between chimpanzees from Western and Central Africa. Am J Primatol. 2017;79: pubmed publisher
    ..Lp(a) concentrations in 75 western (Pan troglodytes verus [PTV]) and 112 central chimpanzees, and 12 bonobos (Pan paniscus [PPA]), all wild born and living in sanctuaries in Sierra Leone, Republic of the Congo, and DR Congo, ..
  92. Berthaume M, Schroer K. Extant ape dental topography and its implications for reconstructing the emergence of early Homo. J Hum Evol. 2017;112:15-29 pubmed publisher
    ..of dental topography, Dirichlet normal energy (DNE), for seven groups of great apes (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes troglodytes and schweinfurthii, Gorilla gorilla gorilla, Gorilla beringei graueri and beringei)..