gorilla

Summary

Alias: western gorilla, Gorilla gorilla, Gorilla gorilla (Savage, 1847)

Top Publications

  1. Wyckoff G, Wang W, Wu C. Rapid evolution of male reproductive genes in the descent of man. Nature. 2000;403:304-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results open up opportunities to test the hypothesis that sexual selection plays some role in the molecular evolution of higher primates...
  2. Del Pero M, Boniotto M, Zuccon D, Cervella P, Spano A, Amoroso A, et al. Beta-defensin 1 gene variability among non-human primates. Immunogenetics. 2002;53:907-13 pubmed
    ..Compared with these taxa, hylobatids and cercopithecids exhibit 3-4 amino acid substitutions, some of which increase the net charge of the active molecule. ..
  3. Osada N, Kusuda J, Hirata M, Tanuma R, Hida M, Sugano S, et al. Search for genes positively selected during primate evolution by 5'-end-sequence screening of cynomolgus monkey cDNAs. Genomics. 2002;79:657-62 pubmed
    ..The products of other candidate genes consisted of a cell-surface protein, a member of the lipocalin family, a nuclear transcription factor, and hypothetical proteins. ..
  4. Zhang J, Webb D, Podlaha O. Accelerated protein evolution and origins of human-specific features: Foxp2 as an example. Genetics. 2002;162:1825-35 pubmed
    ..Taken together, our results suggest an important role that FOXP2 may have played in the origin of human speech and demonstrate a strategy for identifying candidate genes underlying the emergences of human-specific features...
  5. Goldberg A, Wildman D, Schmidt T, Huttemann M, Goodman M, Weiss M, et al. Adaptive evolution of cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIII in anthropoid primates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:5873-8 pubmed
    ..We argue that these changes were linked to the evolution of an expanded neocortex in anthropoid primates. ..
  6. Zhang J, Webb D. Evolutionary deterioration of the vomeronasal pheromone transduction pathway in catarrhine primates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:8337-41 pubmed
  7. Mallet F, Bouton O, Prudhomme S, Cheynet V, Oriol G, Bonnaud B, et al. The endogenous retroviral locus ERVWE1 is a bona fide gene involved in hominoid placental physiology. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:1731-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Such functions were also shown to be preserved in the orthologous loci isolated from chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, and gibbon...
  8. Zhang J, Webb D. Rapid evolution of primate antiviral enzyme APOBEC3G. Hum Mol Genet. 2004;13:1785-91 pubmed
    ..The identification of pervasive positive selection for charge-altering amino acid substitutions supports the hypothesis of electrostatic interactions between APOBEC3G and vif or its functional equivalents. ..
  9. Dorus S, Evans P, Wyckoff G, Choi S, Lahn B. Rate of molecular evolution of the seminal protein gene SEMG2 correlates with levels of female promiscuity. Nat Genet. 2004;36:1326-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study showcases the intimate relationship between sexual selection and the molecular evolution of reproductive genes...

More Information

Publications203 found, 100 shown here

  1. Song B, Gold B, O hUigin C, Javanbakht H, Li X, Stremlau M, et al. The B30.2(SPRY) domain of the retroviral restriction factor TRIM5alpha exhibits lineage-specific length and sequence variation in primates. J Virol. 2005;79:6111-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The results are consistent with a role for TRIM5alpha in innate immunity against retroviruses...
  2. Clark N, Swanson W. Pervasive adaptive evolution in primate seminal proteins. PLoS Genet. 2005;1:e35 pubmed publisher
  3. Cáceres M, Thomas J. The gene of retroviral origin Syncytin 1 is specific to hominoids and is inactive in Old World monkeys. J Hered. 2006;97:100-6 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that Syncytin 1 is indeed a hominoid-specific gene and illustrate the complex and dynamic process associated with the origin of new genes...
  4. Ortiz M, Bleiber G, Martinez R, Kaessmann H, Telenti A. Patterns of evolution of host proteins involved in retroviral pathogenesis. Retrovirology. 2006;3:11 pubmed publisher
    ..The strong sequence conservation of the TRIM19/PML sequences among primates suggests that this gene does not play a role in antiretroviral defense...
  5. Dorus S, Anderson J, Vallender E, Gilbert S, Zhang L, Chemnick L, et al. Sonic Hedgehog, a key development gene, experienced intensified molecular evolution in primates. Hum Mol Genet. 2006;15:2031-7 pubmed publisher
  6. Kerns J, Emerman M, Malik H. Positive selection and increased antiviral activity associated with the PARP-containing isoform of human zinc-finger antiviral protein. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e21 pubmed publisher
    ..The striking congruence between our evolutionary predictions and cellular infectivity assays strongly validates such a combined approach to study intrinsic immunity genes. ..
  7. Elde N, Child S, Geballe A, Malik H. Protein kinase R reveals an evolutionary model for defeating viral mimicry. Nature. 2009;457:485-9 pubmed publisher
  8. Knowles D, McLysaght A. Recent de novo origin of human protein-coding genes. Genome Res. 2009;19:1752-9 pubmed publisher
    ..High-quality sequence data indicate that these loci are noncoding DNA in other primates. Furthermore, chimp, gorilla, gibbon, and macaque share the same disabling sequence difference, supporting the inference that the ancestral ..
  9. Lim E, Malik H, Emerman M. Ancient adaptive evolution of tetherin shaped the functions of Vpu and Nef in human immunodeficiency virus and primate lentiviruses. J Virol. 2010;84:7124-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Our combined evolutionary and functional studies have allowed us to reconstruct the host-pathogen interactions that have shaped Tetherin and its lentivirus-encoded antagonists...
  10. Messier W, Stewart C. Episodic adaptive evolution of primate lysozymes. Nature. 1997;385:151-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Both adaptive episodes were followed by episodes of negative selection. Thus this approach can detect adaptive and purifying episodes, and localize them to specific lineages during protein evolution...
  11. Enard W, Przeworski M, Fisher S, Lai C, Wiebe V, Kitano T, et al. Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language. Nature. 2002;418:869-72 pubmed publisher
    ..We sequenced the complementary DNAs that encode the FOXP2 protein in the chimpanzee, gorilla, orang-utan, rhesus macaque and mouse, and compared them with the human cDNA...
  12. Marques A, Dupanloup I, Vinckenbosch N, Reymond A, Kaessmann H. Emergence of young human genes after a burst of retroposition in primates. PLoS Biol. 2005;3:e357 pubmed
  13. Uddin M, Opazo J, Wildman D, Sherwood C, Hof P, Goodman M, et al. Molecular evolution of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5A gene in primates. BMC Evol Biol. 2008;8:8 pubmed publisher
    ..results showing COX5A is expressed in cerebral cortical tissue at a higher level in human than in chimpanzee or gorilla. ..
  14. Patel M, Loo Y, Horner S, Gale M, Malik H. Convergent evolution of escape from hepaciviral antagonism in primates. PLoS Biol. 2012;10:e1001282 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analyses also provide a means by which primates might clear infections by extant hepaciviruses like HCV...
  15. Knight Sadler J, Fiorenza L. Tooth Wear Inclination in Great Ape Molars. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2017;88:223-236 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we analyze and compare the wear patterns of Pongo pygmaeus, Gorilla gorillagorilla and Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii lower molars, focusing on the degree of inclination of specific ..
  16. Lague M, Chirchir H, Green D, Mbua E, Harris J, Braun D, et al. Humeral anatomy of the KNM-ER 47000 upper limb skeleton from Ileret, Kenya: Implications for taxonomic identification. J Hum Evol. 2019;126:24-38 pubmed publisher
    ..in the context of intraspecific variation within modern hominid species (Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus). Our comparative analyses strongly support attribution of KNM-ER 47000 to P. boisei...
  17. Hoppe E, Pauly M, Gillespie T, Akoua Koffi C, Hohmann G, Fruth B, et al. Multiple Cross-Species Transmission Events of Human Adenoviruses (HAdV) during Hominine Evolution. Mol Biol Evol. 2015;32:2072-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Bayesian ancestral host reconstruction under discrete diffusion models supported a gorilla and chimpanzee origin for these viral species...
  18. Loy D, Liu W, Li Y, Learn G, Plenderleith L, Sundararaman S, et al. Out of Africa: origins and evolution of the human malaria parasites Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Int J Parasitol. 2017;47:87-97 pubmed publisher
    ..It is now clear that P. falciparum resulted from a recent cross-species transmission of a parasite from a gorilla, whilst P...
  19. Zhu J, Sun Y, Luo J, Wu M, Li J, Cao Y. Specificity protein 1 regulates gene expression related to fatty acid metabolism in goat mammary epithelial cells. Int J Mol Sci. 2015;16:1806-20 pubmed publisher
    ..relationship with sheep, followed by bovines (bos taurus, odobenus and ceratotherium), pig, primates (pongo, gorilla, macaca and papio) and murine (rattus and mus), while the furthest relationship was with canis and otolemur...
  20. Bradford E, Vairamani K, Shull G. Differential expression of pancreatic protein and chemosensing receptor mRNAs in NKCC1-null intestine. World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol. 2016;7:138-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Differential expression patterns were further examined by Gene Ontology analysis using the online Gorilla program, and expression changes of selected genes were verified using northern blot analysis and quantitative ..
  21. Liu W, Sundararaman S, Loy D, Learn G, Li Y, Plenderleith L, et al. Multigenomic Delineation of Plasmodium Species of the Laverania Subgenus Infecting Wild-Living Chimpanzees and Gorillas. Genome Biol Evol. 2016;8:1929-39 pubmed publisher
    ..dilution polymerase chain reaction to amplify additional parasite sequences from a large number of chimpanzee and gorilla blood and fecal samples collected at two sanctuaries and 30 field sites across equatorial Africa...
  22. Hasegawa H, Shigyo M, Yanai Y, McLennan M, Fujita S, Makouloutou P, et al. Molecular features of hookworm larvae (Necator spp.) raised by coproculture from Ugandan chimpanzees and Gabonese gorillas and humans. Parasitol Int. 2017;66:12-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Meanwhile, type III was proven in a larva from a Gabonese gorilla as the first demonstration from a non-human primate...
  23. Behringer V, Borchers C, Deschner T, Möstl E, Selzer D, Hohmann G. Measurements of salivary alpha amylase and salivary cortisol in hominoid primates reveal within-species consistency and between-species differences. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60773 pubmed publisher
    ..we explored patterns of variation in sAA activity in bonobos and three other hominoid primates, chimpanzee, gorilla, and orangutan to (a) examine if within-species differences in sAA activity found in bonobos are characteristic ..
  24. Nze Nkogue C, Horie M, Fujita S, Inoue E, Akomo Okoue E, Ozawa M, et al. Identification and molecular characterization of novel primate bocaparvoviruses from wild western lowland gorillas of Moukalaba-Doudou National Park, Gabon. Infect Genet Evol. 2017;53:30-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequencing and phylogenetic analyses revealed that the two gorilla bocaparvovirus strains are nearly identical and are closely related to viruses in the species Primate ..
  25. Cofran Z. Brain size growth in Australopithecus. J Hum Evol. 2019;130:72-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Both ARs and PSCs for A. africanus are similar to chimpanzee and gorilla values...
  26. Hallast P, Jobling M. The Y chromosomes of the great apes. Hum Genet. 2017;136:511-528 pubmed publisher
    ..High-quality Y-chromosome sequences are available for human and chimpanzee (and low-quality for gorilla)...
  27. Červená B, Brant S, Fairet E, Shirley M, Petrzelkova K, Modry D. Schistosoma mansoni in Gabon: Emerging or Ignored?. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016;95:849-851 pubmed
    ..We detected eggs of Schistosoma mansoni in western lowland gorilla and central chimpanzee fecal samples in Loango National Park, Gabon...
  28. Yadava N, Potluri P, Smith E, Bisevac A, Scheffler I. Species-specific and mutant MWFE proteins. Their effect on the assembly of a functional mammalian mitochondrial complex I. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:21221-30 pubmed
    ..In the absence of MWFE, no high molecular weight complex was detectable by Blue Native-gel electrophoresis. The MWFE protein itself is unstable in the absence of assembled mitochondrially encoded integral membrane proteins of complex I. ..
  29. Tachikui H, Saitou N, Nakajima T, Hayasaka I, Ishida T, Inoue I. Lineage-specific homogenization of the polyubiquitin gene among human and great apes. J Mol Evol. 2003;57:737-44 pubmed
    ..We determined nucleotide sequences for the UbB and UbC of human, chimpanzee, gorilla, and orangutan...
  30. Rojo R, Castro M, Martinez Laso J, Serrano Vela J, Morales P, Moscoso J, et al. MHC-F DNA sequences in bonobo, gorilla and orangutan. Tissue Antigens. 2005;66:277-83 pubmed
    ..HLA-F orthologous cDNA transcripts are found in chimpanzee and in the new primate species studied (bonobo, gorilla and orangutan)...
  31. Palacios G, Lowenstine L, Cranfield M, Gilardi K, Spelman L, Lukasik Braum M, et al. Human metapneumovirus infection in wild mountain gorillas, Rwanda. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:711-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Human-to-gorilla transmission may explain human metapneumovirus in 2 wild mountain gorillas that died during a respiratory disease ..
  32. Mailund T, Halager A, Westergaard M, Dutheil J, Munch K, Andersen L, et al. A new isolation with migration model along complete genomes infers very different divergence processes among closely related great ape species. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1003125 pubmed publisher
    ..to three key divergence processes in great apes: (a) the bonobo and common chimpanzee, (b) the eastern and western gorilla, and (c) the Sumatran and Bornean orang-utan...
  33. Karg K, Schmelz M, Call J, Tomasello M. All great ape species (Gorilla gorilla, Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Pongo abelii) and two-and-a-half-year-old children (Homo sapiens) discriminate appearance from reality. J Comp Psychol. 2014;128:431-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Subjects were 29 great apes (bonobos [Pan paniscus], chimpanzees [Pan troglodytes], gorillas [Gorilla gorilla], and orangutans [Pongo abelii]) and 24 2½-year-old children...
  34. Haile Selassie Y, Melillo S. Middle Pliocene hominin mandibular fourth premolars from Woranso-Mille (Central Afar, Ethiopia). J Hum Evol. 2015;78:44-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, the taxonomic significance of these features is unclear, as they fail to distinguish Pan from Gorilla and known hominin species from one another.
  35. Hedwig D, Mundry R, Robbins M, Boesch C. Contextual correlates of syntactic variation in mountain and western gorilla close-distance vocalizations: indications for lexical or phonological syntax?. Anim Cogn. 2015;18:423-35 pubmed publisher
  36. Green D, Serrins J, Seitelman B, Martiny A, Gunz P. Geometric morphometrics of hominoid infraspinous fossa shape. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2015;298:180-94 pubmed publisher
    ..These features distinguished Pan from Gorilla in a way that traditional analyses had not been able to discern...
  37. McManus K, Kelley J, Song S, Veeramah K, Woerner A, Stevison L, et al. Inference of gorilla demographic and selective history from whole-genome sequence data. Mol Biol Evol. 2015;32:600-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Genome Project by analyzing medium to high coverage whole-genome sequences from 14 western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), 2 eastern lowland gorillas (G. beringei graueri), and a single Cross River individual (G...
  38. Galzitskaya O. Reversible and Irreversible Aggregation of Proteins from the FET Family: Influence of Repeats in Protein Chain on Its Aggregation Capacity. Curr Protein Pept Sci. 2016;17:319-31 pubmed
    ..Here we demonstrate, on an example of RNA-binding proteins of the FET family from six animal species (human, gorilla, pig, mouse, chicken, zebra fish), the possible role of repeats within the disordered regions...
  39. Perlman M, Clark N. Learned vocal and breathing behavior in an enculturated gorilla. Anim Cogn. 2015;18:1165-79 pubmed publisher
    We describe the repertoire of learned vocal and breathing-related behaviors (VBBs) performed by the enculturated gorilla Koko. We examined a large video corpus of Koko and observed 439 VBBs spread across 161 bouts...
  40. Rosenbaum S, Maldonado Chaparro A, Stoinski T. Group structure predicts variation in proximity relationships between male-female and male-infant pairs of mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Primates. 2016;57:17-28 pubmed publisher
    ..The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei) is unusual because, despite possessing morphology associated with male contest competition (e...
  41. Qu J, Hodges E, Molaro A, Gagneux P, Dean M, Hannon G, et al. Evolutionary expansion of DNA hypomethylation in the mammalian germline genome. Genome Res. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..We compared whole-genome, single-CpG DNA methylation profiles in sperm of seven species: human, chimpanzee, gorilla, rhesus macaque, mouse, rat and dog, to investigate epigenomic evolution...
  42. van der Valk T, Sandoval Castellanos E, Caillaud D, Ngobobo U, Binyinyi E, Nishuli R, et al. Significant loss of mitochondrial diversity within the last century due to extinction of peripheral populations in eastern gorillas. Sci Rep. 2018;8:6551 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we use historical museum and modern faecal samples of two critically endangered eastern gorilla taxa, Grauer's (Gorilla beringei graueri) and mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), to directly infer ..
  43. Ito A, Eckardt W, Stoinski T, Gillespie T, Tokiwa T. Three new Troglodytella and a new Gorilloflasca ciliates (Entodiniomorphida) from mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda. Eur J Protistol. 2018;65:42-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The infraciliature of G. longior is the same as that of G. africana. ..
  44. Murray J. Transposon-mediated death of an ancestral A-23-like allele: evolution of TCR-positioning motifs in the HLA-A lineage. Immunogenetics. 2015;67:473-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Since the only other (non-human) dual-motif A-like alleles are in gorilla, chimpanzee, and the Florida manatee, we speculate that dual-motif A alleles first emerged in the Afrotherian ..
  45. Dobrynin P, Liu S, Tamazian G, Xiong Z, Yurchenko A, Krasheninnikova K, et al. Genomic legacy of the African cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus. Genome Biol. 2015;16:277 pubmed publisher
    ..08 % homozygous), Virunga Mountain Gorilla (78.12 %), inbred Abyssinian cat (62.63 %), Tasmanian devil, domestic dog and other mammalian species...
  46. Civetta A. Adaptive evolution at immune system genes and deep pregnancy implantation in primates. Genomics. 2015;105:17-22 pubmed publisher
    A major evolutionary change in the lineage ancestral to humans, chimpanzee and gorilla (HCG) has been the embedding of the embryo into maternal tissue...
  47. Keita M, Padhmanabhan R, Robert C, Delaporte E, Raoult D, Fournier P, et al. Non-contiguous-Finished Genome Sequence and Description of Paenibacillus camerounensis sp. nov. Microb Ecol. 2016;71:990-8 pubmed publisher
    Strain G4(T) was isolated from the stool sample of a wild gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) from Cameroon. It is a facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium...
  48. Stelzer S, Gunz P, Neubauer S, Spoor F. Hominoid arcade shape: Pattern and magnitude of covariation. J Hum Evol. 2017;107:71-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Between the upper and lower jaws, levels of covariation are similar in apes (Pan, Gorilla, Pongo, and Hylobates), but overall lower in extant humans...
  49. Van Neer W, Udrescu M. Healed mid-shaft fracture of an Early Roman bovine femur. Int J Paleopathol. 2015;8:24-28 pubmed publisher
    ..seen in femora of a modern Derby's antelope (Taurotragus derbianus) and of a modern eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla graueri) are described, and we discuss why the incidence of healed femur fractures is so limited in large ..
  50. Sauter D, Hué S, Petit S, Plantier J, Towers G, Kirchhoff F, et al. HIV-1 Group P is unable to antagonize human tetherin by Vpu, Env or Nef. Retrovirology. 2011;8:103 pubmed publisher
    ..Vpu, Env and Nef proteins from both Group P viruses failed to counteract human or gorilla tetherin to promote efficient release of HIV-1 virions, although both Group P Nef proteins moderately ..
  51. Rua R, Betsem E, Montange T, Buseyne F, Gessain A. In vivo cellular tropism of gorilla simian foamy virus in blood of infected humans. J Virol. 2014;88:13429-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we purified blood mononuclear cell subsets from 11 individuals infected with a Gorilla gorilla SFV strain and quantified SFV DNA levels by quantitative PCR...
  52. Barbian H, Decker J, Bibollet Ruche F, Galimidi R, West A, Learn G, et al. Neutralization properties of simian immunodeficiency viruses infecting chimpanzees and gorillas. MBio. 2015;6: pubmed publisher
    ..and eastern (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) (SIVcpzPts) chimpanzees (n = 11) as well as western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) (SIVgor) (n = 1)...
  53. Williams F, Cunningham D, Amaral L. Forearm articular proportions and the antebrachial index in Homo sapiens, Australopithecus afarensis and the great apes. Homo. 2015;66:477-91 pubmed publisher
    ..ulnar articular proportions and the antebrachial index (radius length/ulna length) in Homo sapiens (n=51), Gorilla gorilla (n=88), Pan troglodytes (n=49), Pongo pygmaeus (n=36) and Australopithecus afarensis A.L. 288-1 and A.L...
  54. Carter A, Enders A, Pijnenborg R. The role of invasive trophoblast in implantation and placentation of primates. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2015;370:20140070 pubmed publisher
    ..Deep trophoblast invasion that extends remodelling of the spiral arteries to segments in the inner myometrium evolved in the common ancestor of gorilla, chimp and human.
  55. Neaux D, Gilissen E, Coudyzer W, Guy F. Integration between the face and the mandible of Pongo and the evolution of the craniofacial morphology of orangutans. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2015;158:475-86 pubmed publisher
    ..integration between face and mandible of Pongo is compared to that of the three extant hominids: Homo, Pan, and Gorilla. Pooled within-species partial least squares analyses are computed in order to quantify the patterns and levels ..
  56. Tsuchida S, Nezuo M, Tsukahara M, Ogura Y, Hayashi T, Ushida K. Draft Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus gorillae Strain KZ01T, Isolated from a Western Lowland Gorilla. Genome Announc. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    ..the draft genome sequence of Lactobacillus gorillae strain KZ01(T) isolated from a western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)...
  57. Brožová K, Hrazdilová K, Slaninková E, Modrý D, Černý J, Celer V. Genetic and phylogenetic characterization of novel bocaparvovirus infecting chimpanzee. Infect Genet Evol. 2016;37:231-6 pubmed publisher
    Primate bocaparvoviruses were first described in 2005, since then further human and gorilla bocaparvoviruses have been identified...
  58. Lapointe J, Parent F, de Lima Filho E, Loranger S, Kashyap R. Toward the integration of optical sensors in smartphone screens using femtosecond laser writing. Opt Lett. 2015;40:5654-7 pubmed publisher
    We demonstrate a new type of sensor incorporated directly into Corning Gorilla glass, an ultraresistant glass widely used in the screen of popular devices such as smartphones, tablets, and smart watches...
  59. Roy J, Arandjelovic M, Bradley B, Guschanski K, Stephens C, Bucknell D, et al. Recent divergences and size decreases of eastern gorilla populations. Biol Lett. 2014;10:20140811 pubmed publisher
    Compared with other African apes, eastern gorillas (Gorilla beringei) have been little studied genetically...
  60. Pu L, Lin Y, Pevzner P. Detection and analysis of ancient segmental duplications in mammalian genomes. Genome Res. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..We developed an SDquest algorithm for SD finding and applied it to analyzing SDs in human, gorilla, and mouse genomes...
  61. Rosso L, Marques A, Reichert A, Kaessmann H. Mitochondrial targeting adaptation of the hominoid-specific glutamate dehydrogenase driven by positive Darwinian selection. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e1000150 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that rapid, selectively driven subcellular adaptation, as exemplified by GLUD2, represents a common route underlying the emergence of new gene functions...
  62. Masi S, Bouret S. Odor signals in wild western lowland gorillas: an involuntary and extra-group communication hypothesis. Physiol Behav. 2015;145:123-6 pubmed publisher
    ..and Lee [1] studied the variations of intensity of the typical steroid musk odor produced by wild adult male gorilla silverbacks during encounters with opponents from other social units (lone males or other groups)...
  63. Hellen E, Kern A. The role of DNA insertions in phenotypic differentiation between humans and other primates. Genome Biol Evol. 2015;7:1168-78 pubmed publisher
    ..identified insertions in the human genome which cannot be found in five comparison primate species: Chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, and macaque...
  64. Ito A, Eckardt W, Stoinski T, Gillespie T, Tokiwa T. Prototapirella ciliates from wild habituated Virunga mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda with the descriptions of two new species. Eur J Protistol. 2016;54:47-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Ikeda, Collet, and Bonhomme, 1991 in the Entodiniomorphida were described from the mountain gorillas, Gorilla beringei beringei, in Rwanda...
  65. Robbins M, Ando C, Fawcett K, Grueter C, Hedwig D, Iwata Y, et al. Behavioral Variation in Gorillas: Evidence of Potential Cultural Traits. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0160483 pubmed publisher
    ..There was a strong positive correlation between behavioral dissimilarity and geographic distance among gorilla study sites. Roughly half of all variation in potential cultural traits was intraspecific differences (i.e...
  66. Ssentongo P, Muwanguzi A, Eden U, Sauer T, Bwanga G, Kateregga G, et al. Changes in Ugandan Climate Rainfall at the Village and Forest Level. Sci Rep. 2018;8:3551 pubmed publisher
    ..in agricultural regions of central and western Uganda, but similar rainfall decreases are also reflected in the gorilla habitat within the Bwindi Forest in Southwest Uganda...
  67. Oelze V, Fahy G, Hohmann G, Robbins M, Leinert V, Lee K, et al. Comparative isotope ecology of African great apes. J Hum Evol. 2016;101:1-16 pubmed publisher
    ..comparative study, we included all species of free-ranging African great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus, Gorilla sp.)...
  68. Kimbel W, Rak Y. Australopithecus sediba and the emergence of Homo: Questionable evidence from the cranium of the juvenile holotype MH 1. J Hum Evol. 2017;107:94-106 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on data from a late-growth series of chimpanzee, gorilla, and modern human crania, we found that key aspects of MH 1's resemblance to Homo can be accounted for by its ..
  69. Chene G, Lamblin G, Lebail Carval K, Chabert P, Marès P, Coppens Y, et al. The genital prolapse of Australopithecus Lucy?. Int Urogynecol J. 2015;26:975-80 pubmed publisher
    ..In the last group, pelvic planes were anteroposteriorly oval, except in the gorilla, where the outlet was round or slightly transversely oval...
  70. Perez S, Sherwood C, Cranfield M, Erwin J, Mudakikwa A, Hof P, et al. Early Alzheimer's disease-type pathology in the frontal cortex of wild mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Neurobiol Aging. 2016;39:195-201 pubmed publisher
    ..In our previous study of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) who were housed in American Zoos and Aquariums-accredited facilities, we found an age-related ..
  71. García M, Power M, Moyes K. Immunoglobulin A and nutrients in milk from great apes throughout lactation. Am J Primatol. 2017;79:1-11 pubmed publisher
    ..27 vs. 0.85%). Fat, sugar, and gross energy were affected by the interaction of species × MPP. For gorilla milk, concentrations of sIgA were 43 mg/L at 6 MPP increasing to 79 mg/L at 48 MPP...
  72. Stroud C, Dmitriev I, Kashentseva E, Bryan J, Curiel D, Rindt H, et al. A One Health overview, facilitating advances in comparative medicine and translational research. Clin Transl Med. 2016;5:26 pubmed publisher
    ..advances and successes in comparative medicine and translational researchCheryl StroudA2 Dendritic cell-targeted gorilla adenoviral vector for cancer vaccination for canine melanomaIgor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, Jeffrey N...
  73. Hans J, Bergl R, Vigilant L. Gorilla MHC class I gene and sequence variation in a comparative context. Immunogenetics. 2017;69:303-323 pubmed publisher
    ..closest living relatives; but in contrast, relatively little is known about the structure and variation of gorilla MHC class I genes (Gogo)...
  74. Eckert J, Rakoczy H, Call J. Are great apes able to reason from multi-item samples to populations of food items?. Am J Primatol. 2017;79: pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we investigated whether great apes (Pongo abelii, Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus, Gorilla gorilla) also draw inductive inferences in the opposite direction, from samples to populations...
  75. Gill C, Bredella M, DeSilva J. Skeletal development of hallucal tarsometatarsal joint curvature and angulation in extant apes and modern humans. J Hum Evol. 2015;88:137-145 pubmed publisher
    ..in adult dry-bone specimens can distinguish African apes from Homo, and can even distinguish among species of Gorilla. This study provides the first ontogenetic assessment of medial cuneiform curvature and angulation in juvenile (n ..
  76. Salvignol I, Blancher A, Calvas P, Clayton J, Socha W, Colin Y, et al. Molecular genetics of chimpanzee Rh-related genes: their relationship with the R-C-E-F blood group system, the chimpanzee counterpart of the human rhesus system. Biochem Genet. 1994;32:201-21 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the nucleotide sequences of the fragments present a high degree of similarity to the corresponding human regions. ..
  77. Mapua M, Pafčo B, Burgunder J, Profousová Pšenková I, Todd A, Hashimoto C, et al. No impact of strongylid infections on the detection of Plasmodium spp. in faeces of western lowland gorillas and eastern chimpanzees. Malar J. 2017;16:175 pubmed publisher
    ..results showed no significant impact of intensity of infections of strongylids on detection of Plasmodium DNA in gorilla and chimpanzee faeces. Bleeding caused by strongylid nematode Necator spp...
  78. Leeds A, Dennis P, Lukas K, Stoinski T, Willis M, Schook M. Biologically validating the measurement of oxytocin in western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) urine and saliva using a commercial enzyme immunoassay. Primates. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..of this study was to validate the measurement of urinary and salivary oxytocin in western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) to facilitate future study of the interaction between oxytocin and behavior in this subspecies...
  79. Alvarez C, Aravena A, Tapia T, Rozenblum E, Solís L, Corvalán A, et al. Different Array CGH profiles within hereditary breast cancer tumors associated to BRCA1 expression and overall survival. BMC Cancer. 2016;16:219 pubmed publisher
    ..Gene lists obtained from aCGH analysis were analyzed for Gene Ontology enrichment using GOrilla and DAVID tools...
  80. Grandi N, Cadeddu M, Blomberg J, Mayer J, Tramontano E. HERV-W group evolutionary history in non-human primates: characterization of ERV-W orthologs in Catarrhini and related ERV groups in Platyrrhini. BMC Evol Biol. 2018;18:6 pubmed publisher
    ..loci in non-human Catarrhini primates revealed species-specific insertions in the genomes of Chimpanzee (3), Gorilla (4), Orangutan (6), Gibbon (2) and especially Rhesus Macaque (66)...
  81. Hersberger M, Patarroyo White S, Arnold K, Innerarity T. Phylogenetic analysis of the apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing region. Evidence for a secondary structure between the mooring sequence and the 3' efficiency element. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:34590-7 pubmed
    ..Based on these results, a model is proposed in which the mooring sequence and the 3' efficiency element form a double-stranded stem, thus suggesting a mechanism of how the 3' efficiency element enhances editing. ..
  82. Park K. Drug delivery of the future: Chasing the invisible gorilla. J Control Release. 2016;240:2-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The current drug delivery field is faced with an invisible gorilla syndrome, i.e., seeing a gorilla when it is not present and missing a gorilla when it actually exists...
  83. Nkogue C, Horie M, Fujita S, Ogino M, Kobayashi Y, Mizukami K, et al. Molecular epidemiological study of adenovirus infecting western lowland gorillas and humans in and around Moukalaba-Doudou National Park (Gabon). Virus Genes. 2016;52:671-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, there is no evidence of zoonotic transmission thus far. Since the gorilla-to-human transmission of adenovirus has been shown before, the current monitoring should be continued in a ..
  84. Pérez Maya A, Wallis M, Barrera Saldaña H. Structure and evolution of the gorilla and orangutan growth hormone loci. Mamm Genome. 2016;27:511-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, the GH locus in two additional great apes, gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and orangutan (Pongo abelii), is shown to contain six and four GH-like genes, respectively...
  85. Ritzman T, Terhune C, Gunz P, Robinson C. Mandibular ramus shape of Australopithecus sediba suggests a single variable species. J Hum Evol. 2016;100:54-64 pubmed publisher
    ..To test these hypotheses, we digitized two-dimensional sliding semilandmarks in samples of Gorilla, Pan, Pongo, and Homo, as well as MH1 and MH2...
  86. Wroblewski E, Guethlein L, Norman P, Li Y, Shaw C, Han A, et al. Bonobos Maintain Immune System Diversity with Three Functional Types of MHC-B. J Immunol. 2017;198:3480-3493 pubmed publisher
    ..No Papa-B is identical to any chimpanzee Patr-B, human HLA-B, or gorilla Gogo-B...
  87. Légal J, Chekroun P, Coiffard V, Gabarrot F. Beware of the gorilla: Effect of goal priming on inattentional blindness. Conscious Cogn. 2017;55:165-171 pubmed publisher
    ..Implications for the understanding of nonconscious management of attention will be discussed. ..
  88. Edinger A, Amedee A, Miller K, Doranz B, Endres M, Sharron M, et al. Differential utilization of CCR5 by macrophage and T cell tropic simian immunodeficiency virus strains. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997;94:4005-10 pubmed
    ..Receptor signaling was not required for either fusion or infection. Our results suggest that viral tropism may be influenced not only by the coreceptors used by a given virus strain but also by how a given coreceptor is used...
  89. Sauter D, Schindler M, Specht A, Landford W, M nch J, Kim K, et al. Tetherin-driven adaptation of Vpu and Nef function and the evolution of pandemic and nonpandemic HIV-1 strains. Cell Host Microbe. 2009;6:409-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This may explain why group M viruses are almost entirely responsible for the global HIV/AIDS pandemic...
  90. Edes A. Dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S), sex, and age in zoo-housed western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Primates. 2017;58:385-392 pubmed publisher
  91. Ramsay L, Marchetto M, Caron M, Chen S, Busche S, Kwan T, et al. Conserved expression of transposon-derived non-coding transcripts in primate stem cells. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:214 pubmed publisher
    ..we generated RNA-seq data from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) of four primate species (human, chimpanzee, gorilla, and rhesus) and searched for transcripts whose expression was conserved...
  92. Krebs B, Torres E, Chesney C, Kantoniemi Moon V, Watters J. Applying Behavioral Conditioning to Identify Anticipatory Behaviors. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2017;20:155-175 pubmed publisher
    ..of case studies of the proposed method with 2 animals at the San Francisco Zoo: a silverback gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and a red panda (Ailurus fulgens). The study evidence supports anticipation in both animals...