horse

Summary

Alias: domestic horse, equus caballus, equus ferus caballus, equus przewalskii f. caballus, equus przewalskii forma caballus

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Equine Multiple Congenital Ocular Anomalies maps to a 4.9 megabase interval on horse chromosome 6
    Lisa S Andersson
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Genet 9:88. 2008
  2. ncbi Evaluation of MUC5AC expression and upregulation in airway epithelial cells of horses
    Karen L Oslund
    Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Center for Comparative Respiratory Biology and Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Vet Res 71:690-6. 2010
  3. ncbi Exercise-induced up-regulation of MMP-1 and IL-8 genes in endurance horses
    Katia Cappelli
    Pathology, Diagnostic and Veterinary Clinic Department, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, Italy
    BMC Physiol 9:12. 2009
  4. ncbi Genomic characterization of MHC class I genes of the horse
    Rebecca L Tallmadge
    James A Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Immunogenetics 57:763-74. 2005
  5. ncbi A missense mutation in PMEL17 is associated with the Silver coat color in the horse
    Emma Brunberg
    Dept of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Genet 7:46. 2006
  6. ncbi Homozygosity mapping approach identifies a missense mutation in equine cyclophilin B (PPIB) associated with HERDA in the American Quarter Horse
    Robert C Tryon
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 9516, USA
    Genomics 90:93-102. 2007
  7. ncbi A missense mutation in the gene for melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor (MC1R) is associated with the chestnut coat color in horses
    L Marklund
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Uppsala, Sweden
    Mamm Genome 7:895-9. 1996
  8. ncbi Biochemical characterization and surfactant properties of horse allergens
    H Goubran Botros
    Unite d Immuno Allergie, Institut Pasteur, Paris France
    Eur J Biochem 268:3126-36. 2001
  9. ncbi Structure of equine 2'-5'oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) gene family and FISH mapping of OAS genes to ECA8p15-->p14 and BTA17q24-->q25
    A A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 4010, USA
    Cytogenet Genome Res 111:51-6. 2005
  10. ncbi Comparative analysis of vertebrate EIF2AK2 (PKR) genes and assignment of the equine gene to ECA15q24-q25 and the bovine gene to BTA11q12-q15
    Andrey A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, 30302, USA
    Genet Sel Evol 38:551-63. 2006

Detail Information

Publications170 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Equine Multiple Congenital Ocular Anomalies maps to a 4.9 megabase interval on horse chromosome 6
    Lisa S Andersson
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Genet 9:88. 2008
    ..The disease is in agreement with a codominant mode of inheritance in our horse material...
  2. ncbi Evaluation of MUC5AC expression and upregulation in airway epithelial cells of horses
    Karen L Oslund
    Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Center for Comparative Respiratory Biology and Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Vet Res 71:690-6. 2010
    ..To isolate and culture primary equine airway epithelial cells in vitro and elucidate the major cytokines involved in expression of the gel-forming mucin gene MUC5AC in horses...
  3. ncbi Exercise-induced up-regulation of MMP-1 and IL-8 genes in endurance horses
    Katia Cappelli
    Pathology, Diagnostic and Veterinary Clinic Department, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, Italy
    BMC Physiol 9:12. 2009
    ..In this study, the molecular mechanisms involved in the response to acute and strenuous exercise were investigated using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
  4. ncbi Genomic characterization of MHC class I genes of the horse
    Rebecca L Tallmadge
    James A Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Immunogenetics 57:763-74. 2005
    ..BAC) clones spanning the equine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) made possible a detailed analysis of horse MHC class I genes...
  5. ncbi A missense mutation in PMEL17 is associated with the Silver coat color in the horse
    Emma Brunberg
    Dept of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    BMC Genet 7:46. 2006
    The Silver coat color, also called Silver dapple, in the horse is characterized by dilution of the black pigment in the hair. This phenotype shows an autosomal dominant inheritance...
  6. ncbi Homozygosity mapping approach identifies a missense mutation in equine cyclophilin B (PPIB) associated with HERDA in the American Quarter Horse
    Robert C Tryon
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 9516, USA
    Genomics 90:93-102. 2007
    Hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia (HERDA), a degenerative skin disease that affects the Quarter Horse breed, was localized to ECA1 by homozygosity mapping...
  7. ncbi A missense mutation in the gene for melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor (MC1R) is associated with the chestnut coat color in horses
    L Marklund
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Uppsala, Sweden
    Mamm Genome 7:895-9. 1996
    ..The polymorphism can be detected with a simple PCR-RFLP test, since the mutation creates a TaqI restriction site in the chestnut allele...
  8. ncbi Biochemical characterization and surfactant properties of horse allergens
    H Goubran Botros
    Unite d Immuno Allergie, Institut Pasteur, Paris France
    Eur J Biochem 268:3126-36. 2001
    A new allergen from horse dander, Equ c 5 has been purified. Its biochemical and biophysical properties have been characterized and compared with those of Equ c 1, Equ c 2 and Equ c 4...
  9. ncbi Structure of equine 2'-5'oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) gene family and FISH mapping of OAS genes to ECA8p15-->p14 and BTA17q24-->q25
    A A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302 4010, USA
    Cytogenet Genome Res 111:51-6. 2005
    ..Both equine and bovine BAC clones were physically assigned by FISH to horse and cattle chromosomes, ECA8p15-->p14 and BTA17q24--> q25, respectively...
  10. ncbi Comparative analysis of vertebrate EIF2AK2 (PKR) genes and assignment of the equine gene to ECA15q24-q25 and the bovine gene to BTA11q12-q15
    Andrey A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, Atlanta, 30302, USA
    Genet Sel Evol 38:551-63. 2006
    ..FISH was used to physically assign the horse and cattle genes to chromosome locations, ECA15q24-q25 and BTA11q12-15, respectively...
  11. ncbi Characterization of the equine 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase 1 (OAS1) and ribonuclease L (RNASEL) innate immunity genes
    Jonathan J Rios
    Department of Animal Science, Texas A and M University, 2471 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843, USA
    BMC Genomics 8:313. 2007
    ..No polymorphisms have yet been identified in either the equine OAS1 or RNASEL genes for use in similar case-control studies...
  12. ncbi Crystal structure of the allergen Equ c 1. A dimeric lipocalin with restricted IgE-reactive epitopes
    M B Lascombe
    Unité de Biochimie Structurale CNRS URA 2185, Unite d Immuno Allergie, 25 et 28 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
    J Biol Chem 275:21572-7. 2000
    The three-dimensional structure of the major horse allergen Equ c 1 has been determined at 2.3 A resolution by x-ray crystallography. Equ c 1 displays the typical fold of lipocalins, a beta-barrel flanked by a C-terminal alpha-helix...
  13. ncbi Close association between sequence polymorphism in the KIT gene and the roan coat color in horses
    S Marklund
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 597, S 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    Mamm Genome 10:283-8. 1999
    ..Almost the complete KIT-encoding sequence was determined by sequence analysis of RT-PCR products. Comparison of horse KIT cDNA sequences, representing three different alleles (two different rn and one Rn), revealed five sequence ..
  14. ncbi cDNA cloning and sequencing reveal the major horse allergen Equ c1 to be a glycoprotein member of the lipocalin superfamily
    C Gregoire
    Unite d Immuno Allergie, Departement de Physiopathologie, Institut Pasteur, 28 rue du Dr Roux, 75024 Paris Cedex 15, France
    J Biol Chem 271:32951-9. 1996
    The gene encoding the major horse allergen, designated Equus caballus allergen 1 (Equ c1), was cloned from total cDNA of sublingual salivary glands by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using synthetic degenerate ..
  15. ncbi The mammalian 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase gene family: evidence for concerted evolution of paralogous Oas1 genes in Rodentia and Artiodactyla
    Andrey A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, P O Box 4010, Atlanta, GA 30302 4010, USA
    J Mol Evol 63:562-76. 2006
    ..pig, and dog OAS genes were amplified, sequenced and compared with each other and with those in the human, mouse, horse, and chicken genomes...
  16. ncbi Clenbuterol affects the expression of messenger RNA for interleukin 10 in peripheral leukocytes from horses challenged intrabronchially with lipopolysaccharides
    R van den Hoven
    Department of Companion Animals and Horses, Clinic for Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Chemistry, Veterinary University of Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Vet Res Commun 30:921-8. 2006
    ..Thus the results of this study indicated that clenbuterol can modulate the expression of IL-10 mRNA in peripheral white blood cells in those horses with small airway diseases that have been exposed to LPS...
  17. ncbi Secretory proteins as potential semiochemical carriers in the horse
    Barbara D'Innocenzo
    Dipartimento di Chimica e Biotecnologie Agrarie, Universita di Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy
    Biochemistry 45:13418-28. 2006
    Two soluble proteins were isolated as major secretory products of horse sweat and of the parotid gland and characterized for structural and functional properties...
  18. ncbi A kinase-negative mutation of DNA-PK(CS) in equine SCID results in defective coding and signal joint formation
    E K Shin
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235, USA
    J Immunol 158:3565-9. 1997
    ....
  19. ncbi The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the horse, Equus caballus: extensive heteroplasmy of the control region
    X Xu
    Division of Evolutionary Molecular Systematics, Lund, Sweden
    Gene 148:357-62. 1994
    The sequence of the mitochondrial (mt) DNA of the horse (Equus caballus) was determined. The length of the sequence presented is 16,660 bp...
  20. ncbi Differential gene expression of TRPM1, the potential cause of congenital stationary night blindness and coat spotting patterns (LP) in the Appaloosa horse (Equus caballus)
    Rebecca R Bellone
    Department of Biology, University of Tampa, Tampa, FL 33606, USA
    Genetics 179:1861-70. 2008
    ..Decreased expression of TRPM1 in the eye and the skin may alter bipolar cell signaling as well as melanocyte function, thus causing both CSNB and LP in horses...
  21. ncbi Endothelin receptor B polymorphism associated with lethal white foal syndrome in horses
    E M Santschi
    Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Mamm Genome 9:306-9. 1998
    Overo lethal white syndrome (OLWS) is an inherited syndrome of foals born to American Paint Horse parents of the overo coat-pattern lineage...
  22. ncbi Mutations in the agouti (ASIP), the extension (MC1R), and the brown (TYRP1) loci and their association to coat color phenotypes in horses (Equus caballus)
    S Rieder
    Laboratoire de Génétique Biochimique et de Cytogénétique, Département de Génétique Animale, INRA Centre de Recherche de Jouy, 78352 Jouy en Josas Cedex, France
    Mamm Genome 12:450-5. 2001
    ..Our panel represented 22 different horse breeds, including 11 different coat colors of Equus caballus. The comparison of a 1721-bp genomic fragment of MC1R among the 11 coat color phenotypes revealed no sequence ..
  23. ncbi Comparative mapping of 18 equine type I genes assigned by somatic cell hybrid analysis
    A R Caetano
    University of California Davis, Veterinary Genetics Laboratory, Davis, California 95616 8744, USA
    Mamm Genome 10:271-6. 1999
    Polymerase chain reaction primers designed from horse cDNA sequences and from consensus sequences highly conserved in mammalian species were used to amplify markers for synteny mapping 18 equine type I genes...
  24. ncbi Exon skipping in the KIT gene causes a Sabino spotting pattern in horses
    Samantha A Brooks
    Department of Veterinary Science, 108 Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546 0099, USA
    Mamm Genome 16:893-902. 2005
    Sabino (SB) is a white spotting pattern in the horse characterized by white patches on the face, lower legs, or belly, and interspersed white hairs on the midsection...
  25. ncbi Linkage of hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis in quarter horses to the horse adult skeletal muscle sodium channel gene
    J A Rudolph
    Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania 15261
    Anim Genet 23:241-50. 1992
    ..A large Quarter horse pedigree segregating dominant HYPP was studied to determine if mutations of the sodium channel gene are similarly ..
  26. ncbi Analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells gene expression in endurance horses by cDNA-AFLP technique
    Katia Cappelli
    Centro di Studio del Cavallo Sportivo, Facolta di Medicina Veterinaria, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, Italy
    Res Vet Sci 82:335-43. 2007
    ..The mRNAs sequences obtained were included in the GenBank database as Equus caballus interleukin 8 (IL8), E. caballus retinoblastoma binding protein 6 mRNA (RBBP6), E...
  27. ncbi Probable reason why small strongyle EPG counts are returning "early" after ivermectin treatment of horses on a farm in Central Kentucky
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 104:569-74. 2009
    ..from posttreatment (PT) worm count data, the current activity of ivermectin against small strongyles in a horse herd...
  28. ncbi The role of neutrophil chemotactic cytokines in the pathogenesis of equine chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    M Franchini
    Institute of Veterinary Physiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 66:53-65. 1998
    ..C., 1964. Observation on heaves. An asthma like syndrome in the horse, J. Allergy 35, 322-330). The disease corresponds histopathologically to a chronic bronchiolitis (Gerber, H., 1973...
  29. ncbi Epidemiology of Trichinella infection in the horse: the risk from animal product feeding practices
    K D Murrell
    WHO FAO Collaborating Centre for Parasitic Zoonosis, Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, 3 Ridebanevej, DK 1870 Frederiksberg Copenhagen, Denmark
    Vet Parasitol 123:223-33. 2004
    A discovery in 2002 of a Trichinella spiralis-infected horse in Serbia offered an opportunity to conduct needed epidemiological studies on how horses, considered herbivores, acquire a meat-borne parasite...
  30. ncbi Anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomins of brood horses in Ukraine and influence of anthelmintic treatments on strongylid community structure
    Tetyana A Kuzmina
    Department of Parasitology, I I Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine, vul B Khmelnitskogo 15, Kyiv 01601, Ukraine
    Vet Parasitol 154:277-88. 2008
    In 2004-2006, 322 brood horses from 11 horse farms were examined using the faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) to determine the presence and distribution of anthelmintic resistance in strongylids in Ukraine...
  31. ncbi Facial hair whorls (trichoglyphs) and the incidence of motor laterality in the horse
    Jack Murphy
    Department of Life Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
    Behav Processes 79:7-12. 2008
    ..Motor laterality in the horse affects locomotion and subsequently equine performance during training and may have inherent safety implications ..
  32. ncbi Association of deficiency in antibody response to vaccine and heterogeneity of Ehrlichia risticii strains with Potomac horse fever vaccine failure in horses
    S K Dutta
    Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 36:506-12. 1998
    Ehrlichia risticii is the causative agent of Potomac horse fever (PHF), which continues to be an important disease of horses. Commercial inactivated whole-cell vaccines are regularly used for immunization of horses against the disease...
  33. ncbi Long-term memory for categories and concepts in horses (Equus caballus)
    Evelyn B Hanggi
    Equine Research Foundation, Aptos, CA 95001, USA
    Anim Cogn 12:451-62. 2009
    Three horses (Equus caballus) with a history of performing cognitive tasks including discrimination learning, categorization, and concept use were tested to evaluate their long-term memory (LTM) in three experiments...
  34. ncbi Visual laterality in the domestic horse (Equus caballus) interacting with humans
    Kate Farmer
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 13:229-38. 2010
    ..As such lateralisation could provide important clues regarding the horse's cognitive processes, we investigated whether horses also show laterality in association with people...
  35. ncbi Validation of models for analysis of ranks in horse breeding evaluation
    Anne Ricard
    INRA, UMR 1313, 78352 Jouy en Josas, France
    Genet Sel Evol 42:3. 2010
    ..The simulations involved 1000 horses with 10 to 50 performances per horse and 4 to 20 horses per event with unstructured and structured competitions.
  36. ncbi Horse domestication and conservation genetics of Przewalski's horse inferred from sex chromosomal and autosomal sequences
    Allison N Lau
    Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 26:199-208. 2009
    ..fertile offspring, there is continued disagreement about the genetic relationship of the domestic horse (Equus caballus) to its endangered wild relative, Przewalski's horse (Equus przewalskii)...
  37. ncbi Characteristics of equine summer eczema with emphasis on differences between Finnhorses and Icelandic horses in a 11-year study
    Raija E Hallamaa
    Veterinary Clinic, Pisteenkaari 4, 03100 Nummela, Finland
    Acta Vet Scand 51:29. 2009
    Summer eczema, allergic dermatitis of the horse, was studied on 275 affected horses in Finland in 1997-2007. Features of the horses, clinical signs of the disease and owners' opinions of aggravating factors were recorded...
  38. ncbi Crib-biting in US horses: breed predispositions and owner perceptions of aetiology
    J D Albright
    Departments of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Equine Vet J 41:455-8. 2009
    ..Crib-biting is an equine stereotype that may result in diseases such as colic. Certain breeds and management factors have been associated...
  39. ncbi Effects of a calm companion on fear reactions in naive test horses
    J W Christensen
    Department of Animal Health, Welfare and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Aarhus, Tjele, Denmark
    Equine Vet J 40:46-50. 2008
    In fear-eliciting situations, horses tend to show flight reactions that can be dangerous for both horse and man. Finding appropriate methods for reducing fearfulness in horses has important practical implications.
  40. ncbi Microbial source tracking by DNA sequence analysis of the Escherichia coli malate dehydrogenase gene
    Kathryn M Ivanetich
    University of California San Francisco, Biomolecular Resource Center and Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Surge 104, 90 Medical Center Way, San Francisco, CA 94143 0541, USA
    J Microbiol Methods 67:507-26. 2006
    ..295 fecal isolates (52 horse, 50 deer, 72 dog, 52 seagull and 69 human isolates) were sequenced and analyzed...
  41. ncbi Equine clinical genomics: A clinician's primer
    M M Brosnahan
    Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, New York, USA
    Equine Vet J 42:658-70. 2010
    ..to the rapidly evolving field of clinical genomics with a vision of improving the health and welfare of the domestic horse. For 15 years a consortium of veterinary geneticists and clinicians has worked together under the umbrella of ..
  42. ncbi Effect of sperm cryopreservation and treatment with calcium ionophore or heparin on in vitro fertilization of horse oocytes
    H Alm
    Department of Reproductive Biology, Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals, Dummerstorf, Germany
    Theriogenology 56:817-29. 2001
    Little information is available on methods of sperm capacitation for IVF in the horse. In this study, we summarized results of several independent trials that compared acrosome reaction, hyperactivation and chromatin integrity of fresh ..
  43. ncbi 13C NMR spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic study of the role played by mitochondrial cytochrome b5 heme propionates in the electrostatic binding to cytochrome c
    M J Rodríguez-Marañón
    Department of Chemistry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA
    Biochemistry 35:16378-90. 1996
    ..membrane (OM) cytochrome b5 heme propionate groups in the electrostatic binding between OM cytochrome b5 and horse heart cytochrome c was investigated by 13C NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography...
  44. ncbi Selective inhibition of butyrylcholinesterase in vivo in horses by the feed-through larvacide Equitrol
    Subramanya Karanth
    Physiological Sciences, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 264 McElroy Hall, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 50:200-5. 2008
    ..g., Equitrol) for fly control around horse stables...
  45. ncbi Use of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and dot-blot hybridisation for the detection and identification of African horse sickness virus nucleic acids
    S Zientara
    Centre National d Etudes Veterinaires et Alimentaires, Laboratoire Central de Recherches Veterinaires, Maisons Alfort, France
    Arch Virol Suppl 14:317-27. 1998
    A coupled reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay (RT-PCR) for the detection of African horse sickness virus (AHSV) dsRNA, has been developed using genome segment 7 as the target template for primers...
  46. ncbi Optical spectroscopy of nicotinoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase from Amycolatopsis methanolica: a comparison with horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase and UDP-galactose epimerase
    S R Piersma
    Department of Microbiology and Enzymology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, The Netherlands
    Biochemistry 37:3068-77. 1998
    ..maxima compared to other NADH-dehydrogenase complexes, but comparable to that observed for NADH bound to horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase...
  47. ncbi Evaluation of parasiticidal activity of fenbendazole, ivermectin, oxibendazole, and pyrantel pamoate in horse foals with emphasis on ascarids (Parascaris equorum) in field studies on five farms in Central Kentucky in 2007
    E T Lyons
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546 0099, USA
    Parasitol Res 103:287-91. 2008
    b>Horse foals on five farms in Central Kentucky were used in field studies in 2007 evaluating activity of paste formulations of four compounds (fenbendazole-FBZ, ivermectin-IVM, oxibendazole-OBZ, and pyrantel pamoate-PRT) against internal ..
  48. ncbi The transmission and geographical spread of African horse sickness and bluetongue viruses
    P S Mellor
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Woking, Surrey, U K
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 89:1-15. 1995
    African horse sickness virus (AHSV) and bluetongue virus (BTV) are dsRNA viruses within the genus Orbivirus. Both are able to cause non-contagious, infectious arthropod-borne diseases in their respective vertebrate hosts...
  49. ncbi Cross-reactivity of Japanese encephalitis virus-vaccinated horse sera in serodiagnosis of West Nile virus
    Jiro Hirota
    Research Team for Advanced Biologicals, National Institute of Animal Health, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 3 1 5 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0856, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 72:369-72. 2010
    ..However, the cross-reactivity level of JEV-vaccinated horse sera in the serodiagnosis of West Nile virus (WNV) has not been clarified...
  50. ncbi Contribution of K+ channels and ouabain-sensitive mechanisms to the endothelium-dependent relaxations of horse penile small arteries
    D Prieto
    Departamento de Fisiologia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain
    Br J Pharmacol 123:1609-20. 1998
    1. Penile small arteries (effective internal lumen diameter of 300 600 microm) were isolated from the horse corpus cavernosum and mounted in microvascular myographs in order to investigate the mechanisms underlying the endothelium-..
  51. ncbi Detection of testosterone, nandrolone and precursors in horse hair
    P Anielski
    Institute of Doping Analysis and Sports Biochemistry, Dresdner Str 12, 01731 Kreischa, Germany
    Anal Bioanal Chem 383:903-8. 2005
    Growing interest among several horse-breeder associations has initiated the development of a screening procedure to test for anabolic agents in hair, which has the advantage over blood and urine specimens of allowing long-term detection...
  52. ncbi Clinical trials of efficacy of praziquantel horse paste 9% against tapeworms and its safety in horses
    J Owen D Slocombe
    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Vet Parasitol 144:366-70. 2007
    ..naturally infected with tapeworms was to confirm in clinical trials the efficacy and safety of a praziquantel horse paste 9%. The field trials were conducted in 1997 and 1998 in Canada, France, Germany and New Zealand...
  53. ncbi Vitamin D(3) synthesis in the entire skin surface of dairy cows despite hair coverage
    L Hymøller
    Department of Animal Health and Bioscience, Aarhus University, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Blichers alle 20, Box 50, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    J Dairy Sci 93:2025-9. 2010
    ..The treatments were horse blanket (cows fitted with horse blankets), udder cover (cows fitted with udder covers, horse blanket+udder cover (..
  54. ncbi Sexual behavior and ejaculate characteristics in Pêga donkeys (Equus asinus) mounting estrous horse mares (Equus caballus)
    I F Canisso
    Equid Breeding Center, Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Vicosa, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Theriogenology 73:56-63. 2010
    ..of donkey stallions (jacks; Equus asinus) during on-farm semen collection using estrous horse mares (mares; Equus caballus); (ii) compare behavior of young (less experienced) versus older (more experienced) jacks; (iii) determine ..
  55. ncbi Protective immunization of horses with a recombinant canarypox virus vectored vaccine co-expressing genes encoding the outer capsid proteins of African horse sickness virus
    Alan J Guthrie
    Equine Research Centre, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
    Vaccine 27:4434-8. 2009
    ..of a recombinant canarypox virus vectored (ALVAC) vaccine for protective immunization of equids against African horse sickness virus (AHSV) infection...
  56. ncbi Heterogeneity of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) contractile and relaxing receptors in horse penile small arteries
    Dolores Prieto
    Departamento de Fisiologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Br J Pharmacol 143:976-86. 2004
    ..of NPY upon electrical field stimulation (EFS)- and noradrenaline (NA)-elicited contractions were investigated in horse penile small arteries...
  57. ncbi Antigenic profile of African horse sickness virus serotype 4 VP5 and identification of a neutralizing epitope shared with bluetongue virus and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus
    J L Martinez-Torrecuadrada
    Inmunologia y Genetica Aplicada SA Ingenasa, Hnos Garcia Noblejas 41, Madrid, 28037, Spain
    Virology 257:449-59. 1999
    African horse sickness virus (AHSV) causes a fatal disease in horses. The virus capsid is composed of a double protein layer, the outermost of which is formed by two proteins: VP2 and VP5...
  58. ncbi Folding of horse cytochrome c in the reduced state
    A K Bhuyan
    School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, 500046, India
    J Mol Biol 312:1135-60. 2001
    Equilibrium and kinetic folding studies of horse cytochrome c in the reduced state have been carried out under strictly anaerobic conditions at neutral pH, 10 degrees C, in the entire range of aqueous solubility of guanidinium ..
  59. ncbi Purification and characterization of cysteine protease from germinating cotyledons of horse gram
    Rajeswari Jinka
    Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, India
    BMC Biochem 10:28. 2009
    ..To study the mechanism of protein mobilization, undertaken the task of purifying and characterizing proteases, which occur transiently in germinating seeds of horse gram.
  60. ncbi Ulcerative cystitis associated with phenylbutazone administration in two horses
    Monica Aleman
    William R Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 239:499-503. 2011
    A 15-year-old Quarter Horse gelding and a 26-year-old Thoroughbred gelding were evaluated because of hematuria of 4 to 6 days' duration following prolonged oral administration of phenylbutazone.
  61. ncbi Animal models for skin blistering conditions: absence of laminin 5 causes hereditary junctional mechanobullous disease in the Belgian horse
    Flavia Spirito
    INSERM U385, Faculte de Medecine, Nice, France
    J Invest Dermatol 119:684-91. 2002
    ..this study we have elucidated the genetic basis of the hereditary junctional mechanobullous disease in the Belgian horse, a condition characterized by blistering of the skin and mouth epithelia, and exungulation (loss of the hoof)...
  62. ncbi Immunophenotypical characterization in Andalusian horse: variations with age and gender
    K Satué
    Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cardenal Herrera CEU University, Valencia, Spain
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 133:219-27. 2010
    ..This research aimed to: (1) characterize lymphocyte subpopulations in Andalusian horse, and (2) evaluate age and gender-related variations of lymphocyte subsets...
  63. ncbi Cimetidine inhibits nitric oxide associated nitrate production in a soft-tissue inflammation model in the horse
    R P Hunter
    Department of Veterinary Physiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge 70803, USA
    J Vet Pharmacol Ther 22:136-47. 1999
    ..it was decided to determine whether CIM could reduce NO production, using a carrageenan inflammation model in the horse. Two experiments were conducted...
  64. ncbi A musculoskeletal model of the equine forelimb for determining surface stresses and strains in the humerus--part I. Mathematical modeling
    Sarah Pollock
    Biomedical Engineering Program, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Biomech Eng 130:041006. 2008
    Knowledge of the forces that act upon the equine humerus while the horse is standing and the resulting strains experienced by the bone is useful for the prevention and treatment of fractures and for assessing the proximolateral aspect of ..
  65. ncbi Endocrine alterations around the time of abortion in mares impregnated with donkey or horse semen
    M Boeta
    Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, DF
    Anim Reprod Sci 121:124-30. 2010
    ..eCG), progesterone and estrone sulphate during normal and failed pregnancies of mares impregnated with donkey or horse semen, relating their individual endocrine profiles to the time of pregnancy loss, and to the histopathologic ..
  66. ncbi Differential responses of Equus caballus and Equus asinus to infection with two pathogenic strains of equine infectious anemia virus
    S J Cook
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, 108 Gluck Equine Research Center, Lexington, KY 40546, USA
    Vet Microbiol 79:93-109. 2001
    Most in vivo studies with equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been performed in horses and ponies (Equus caballus) with little published information available detailing the clinical responses of donkeys (Equus asinus) to infection ..
  67. ncbi The spatial and seasonal distribution of African horse sickness and its potential Culicoides vectors in Morocco
    M Baylis
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, U K
    Med Vet Entomol 11:203-12. 1997
    African horse sickness (AHS) is a vector-borne, infectious disease of equines that is caused by African horse sickness virus (AHSV). The only proven field vector is the biting midge Culicoides imicola, although C. obsoletus and C...
  68. ncbi An analysis of human pathogens found in horse/mule manure along the John Muir Trail in Kings Canyon and Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks
    Robert Wayne Derlet
    Emergency Department, University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento 95817, USA
    Wilderness Environ Med 13:113-8. 2002
    To determine the prevalence of microorganisms that are potentially pathogenic for humans in horse/mule manure along the John Muir Trail (JMT).
  69. ncbi The equine frozen semen industry
    P R Loomis
    Select Breeders Service Inc, 1088 Nesbitt Road, Colora, MD 21917, USA
    Anim Reprod Sci 68:191-200. 2001
    ..as a method to produce registered foals by two of the worlds largest breed associations, the American Quarter Horse and American Paint Horse, has stimulated new interest in frozen semen technology...
  70. ncbi Comparison of Sarcocystis neurona isolates derived from horse neural tissue
    L S Mansfield
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Vet Parasitol 95:167-78. 2001
    ..neurona from a California horse (UCD1), Sarcocystis from a grackle (Cornell), and five Sarcocystis isolates from feral opossums from Michigan...
  71. ncbi Bayesian analysis of the species-specific lengthening of the growing season in two European countries and the influence of an insect pest
    Annette Menzel
    Technical University Munich, Freising, Germany
    Int J Biometeorol 52:209-18. 2008
    ..We find advanced leaf unfolding in both countries with the same species order (oak > horse chestnut, beech, and birch)...
  72. ncbi Chicken antibodies to a recombinant fragment of the equine immunoglobulin epsilon heavy-chain recognising native horse IgE
    E Marti
    Klinik fur Nutztiere und Pferde, University of Berne, Switzerland
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 59:253-70. 1997
    ..In Western-blot of ammonium sulphate precipitated horse serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, separated by SDS-PAGE under denaturing-reducing conditions, the raised ..
  73. ncbi Complete validation of a unique digestion assay to detect Trichinella larvae in horse meat demonstrates the reliability of this assay for meeting food safety and trade requirements
    L B Forbes
    Centre for Food borne and Animal Parasitology, Saskatoon Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 116 Veterinary Road, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    J Food Prot 71:558-63. 2008
    A tissue digestion assay using a double separatory funnel procedure for the detection of Trichinella larvae in horse meat was validated for application in food safety programs and trade...
  74. ncbi Use of climatic data and satellite imagery to model the abundance of Culicoides imicola, the vector of African horse sickness virus, in Morocco
    M Baylis
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, Surrey, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 12:255-66. 1998
    African horse sickness (AHS) is a vector-borne, infectious disease of equids caused by African horse sickness virus (AHSV). The only proven field vector of the virus is the biting midge Culicoides imicola...
  75. ncbi Quantitation of 17beta-nandrolone metabolites in boar and horse urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Meritxell Roig
    Unitat de Recerca en Farmacologia, Institut Municipal d Investigacuó Mèdica, Dr Aiguader, 80, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Anal Chim Acta 586:184-95. 2007
    A method to quantify metabolites of 17beta-nandrolone (17betaN) in boar and horse urine has been optimized and validated. Metabolites excreted in free form were extracted at pH 9.5 with tert-butylmethylether...
  76. ncbi Keratoconjunctivitis sicca attributable to parasympathetic facial nerve dysfunction associated with hypothyroidism in a horse
    Bianca C Schwarz
    Clinic for Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department for Small Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 233:1761-6. 2008
    ..A 6-year-old 680-kg (1,496-lb) German Warmblood gelding was evaluated because of bilateral blepharospasm and head shaking...
  77. ncbi Real-time fluorogenic reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of African horse sickness virus
    Montserrat Agüero
    Laboratorio Central de Veterinaria, Algete, Madrid, Spain
    J Vet Diagn Invest 20:325-8. 2008
    African horse sickness is an arthropod-borne disease of the equine included in the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) list with important economic consequences for horse trade...
  78. ncbi Horse species symposium: contagious equine metritis: an insidious threat to the horse breeding industry in the United States
    P J Timoney
    Maxwell H Gluck Equine Research Center, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KS 40546 0099, USA
    J Anim Sci 89:1552-60. 2011
    ..b>Horse industry concerns over CEM centered on the ease with which this bacterium could be disseminated, the significance ..
  79. ncbi Laboratory diagnosis of African horse sickness: comparison of serological techniques and evaluation of storage methods of samples for virus isolation
    C House
    Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, USDA, APHIS, Greenport, NY 11944
    J Vet Diagn Invest 2:44-50. 1990
    Five serological methods of diagnosing African horse sickness were evaluated, using a battery of serum samples from experimental horses vaccinated and challenged with each serotype of African horse sickness virus (AHSV1 through AHSV9): ..
  80. ncbi Oral susceptibility of South African Culicoides species to live-attenuated serotype-specific vaccine strains of African horse sickness virus (AHSV)
    J T Paweska
    ARC Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
    Med Vet Entomol 17:436-47. 2003
    ..midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to infection with the tissue culture-attenuated vaccine strains of African horse sickness virus (AHSV) currently in use is reported...
  81. ncbi Post-anesthetic pulmonary edema in two horses
    M Johanna Kaartinen
    Universite de Montreal, 1500 Rue des vétérinaires, C P 5000, Saint Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 7C6, Canada
    Vet Anaesth Analg 37:136-43. 2010
    CASE 1: A two-year old, 462 kg Standard bred horse was anesthetized for arthroscopy and castration. During anesthesia, hyperemia of the mucosal membranes and urticaria were noticed...
  82. ncbi Larval development assay for detection of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomins of Swedish horses
    Eva Osterman Lind
    Department of Parasitology SWEPAR, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and National Veterinary Institute, SE 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
    Vet Parasitol 128:261-9. 2005
    ..assay (LDA) for the determination of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomin nematode populations of the horse. In addition, comparison of results between geographic regions, types of horse establishment, and the use of ..
  83. ncbi Seroepidemiological study of African horse sickness virus in The Gambia
    N Staeuber
    Institut für Viruskrankheiten und Immunprophylaxe, Mittelhausern, Switzerland
    J Clin Microbiol 31:2241-3. 1993
    An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for the screening of horse sera from The Gambia for antibodies against African horse sickness virus (AHSV)...
  84. ncbi A study on cow comfort and risk for lameness and mastitis in relation to different types of bedding materials
    S van Gastelen
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Dairy Sci 94:4878-88. 2011
    The aim was to obtain data regarding the effects of 4 freestall bedding materials (i.e., box compost, sand, horse manure, and foam mattresses) on cow comfort and risks for lameness and mastitis...
  85. ncbi Pyrilamine and O-desmethylpyrilamine detection in equine serum and urine
    Marc Benoit
    Animal Forensic Toxicology Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2242 West Harrison Street, Chicago, Ilinois 60612, USA
    J Anal Toxicol 32:667-72. 2008
    ..to produce central nervous system effects in horses and therefore may have some impact on an outcome of a horse race. A single oral dose of pyrilamine (300 mg/horse) was given to three animals...
  86. ncbi Differences in ability of jennies and mares to conceive with cooled and frozen semen containing glycerol or not
    Marianne Vidament
    UMR INRA CNRS Haras Nationaux University Tours Physiologie de la Reproduction et des Comportements, Physiologie Animale et Systèmes d Elevage, Centre de Recherche de Tours, Nouzilly, France
    Anim Reprod Sci 112:22-35. 2009
    ..the effect of cryoprotectants in per-cycle pregnancy rates (PC) in equids females (jennies (donkey) and mares (horse))...
  87. ncbi Flavonoids in horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) seeds and powdered waste water byproducts
    Ireneusz Kapusta
    Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute, ul Czartoryskich 8, 24 100 Pulawy, Poland
    J Agric Food Chem 55:8485-90. 2007
    b>Horse chestnut extracts are widely used in pharmacy and cosmetic industries. The main active constituents are saponins of oleane type, but seeds of horse chestnut also contain flavonoids, being glycosides of quercetin and kaempferol...
  88. ncbi Horse chestnut extract contracts bovine vessels and affects human platelet aggregation through 5-HT(2A) receptors: an in vitro study
    Emma Felixsson
    Division of Drug Research Pharmacology, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, SE 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    Phytother Res 24:1297-301. 2010
    Extract from seeds and bark of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L) is used as an herbal medicine against chronic venous insufficiency. The effect and mechanism of action on veins, arteries, and platelets are not fully understood...
  89. ncbi Preparation of recombinant African horse sickness virus VP7 antigen via a simple method and validation of a VP7-based indirect ELISA for the detection of group-specific IgG antibodies in horse sera
    Sonja Maree
    Department of Biochemistry, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, P Bag X 5, Onderstepoort, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
    J Virol Methods 125:55-65. 2005
    This paper describes the production and purification of a group-specific recombinant protein VP7 of African horse sickness virus serotype 3 (AHSV-3) and validation of an I-ELISA for the detection of IgG-antibodies to VP7 in horse sera...
  90. ncbi High-resolution three-dimensional structure of horse heart cytochrome c
    G W Bushnell
    Department of Biochemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    J Mol Biol 214:585-95. 1990
    The 1.94 A resolution three-dimensional structure of oxidized horse heart cytochrome c has been elucidated and refined to a final R-factor of 0.17...
  91. ncbi Characterization of spinal ganglion neurons in horse (Equus caballus). A morphometric, neurochemical and tracing study
    D Russo
    Department of Veterinary Morphophysiology and Animal Productions UNI EN ISO 9001 2008, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bologna, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064 Ozzano Emilia Bologna, Italy
    Neuroscience 176:53-71. 2011
    ..However, these traits cannot be confirmed in all other species. In the present study, horse SG neurons were morphometrically and neurochemically characterized by detecting the neuronal markers calcitonin ..
  92. ncbi Current asthma and respiratory symptoms among pupils in relation to dietary factors and allergens in the school environment
    J L Kim
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University and University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
    Indoor Air 15:170-82. 2005
    ..Settled dust was collected on ALK-filters and analyzed for allergens from cat (Fel d 1), dog (Can f 1), horse (Equ cx), house dust mites (Der p 1, Der f 1), and cockroach (Bla g 1) by ELISA. In total, 6...
  93. ncbi Treatment with Ca(OH)2 for inactivation of Salmonella Typhimurium and Enterococcus faecalis in soil contaminated with infected horse manure
    K A Nyberg
    Department of Chemistry, Environment and Feed Hygiene, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Appl Microbiol 110:1515-23. 2011
    To investigate the inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and the faecal indicator Enterococcus faecalis in horse manure:soil mixtures by application of hydrated lime (Ca(OH)(2)).
  94. ncbi Variability in the distribution of phenolic compounds in milled fractions of chickpea and horse gram: evaluation of their antioxidant properties
    Yadahally N Sreerama
    Department of Grain Science and Technology, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, India
    J Agric Food Chem 58:8322-30. 2010
    Seed coat, cotyledon and embryonic axe fractions of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum L.) were evaluated for their phenolic composition in relation to antioxidant activities...
  95. ncbi Compressing the free energy range of substructure stabilities in iso-1-cytochrome c
    Michael G Duncan
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    Protein Sci 18:1155-64. 2009
    Evolutionary conservation of substructure architecture between yeast iso-1-cytochrome c and the well-characterized horse cytochrome c is studied with limited proteolysis, the alkaline conformational transition and global unfolding with ..
  96. ncbi Whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation in nine mammalian species: reference values and comparison of data
    U Windberger
    Institute for Biomedical Research, University of Vienna, Währingergürtel 18 20, Austria
    Exp Physiol 88:431-40. 2003
    ..We used 40 individual adult animals of nine mammalian species: horse, pig, dog, cat, rat, cattle, sheep, rabbit and mouse...
  97. ncbi Comparison of opioid receptor binding in horse, guinea pig, and rat cerebral cortex and cerebellum
    Sara M Thomasy
    K L Maddy Equine Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Vet Anaesth Analg 34:351-8. 2007
    To compare the density and binding characteristics of opioid receptor subtypes in horse, rat, and guinea pig cerebral cortex and cerebellum.
  98. ncbi Hematophagous Diptera collected from a horse and paired carbon dioxide-baited suction trap in southern California: relevance to West Nile virus epizootiology
    Alec C Gerry
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA
    J Med Entomol 45:115-24. 2008
    Hematophagous Diptera landing on a horse were removed by vacuum, and their numbers were related to a paired carbon dioxide-baited suction trap at three locations in southern California where West Nile virus activity was high during the ..
  99. ncbi In vivo biotransformation of 17 alpha-methyltestosterone in the horse revisited: identification of 17-hydroxymethyl metabolites in equine urine by capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
    M C Dumasia
    Department of Drug Metabolism, Research Division, Horseracing Forensic Laboratory Ltd, PO Box 150, Newmarket Road, Fordham, Ely CB7 5WP, UK
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 17:320-9. 2003
    The in vivo phase I biotransformation of 17 alpha-methyltestosterone in the horse leads to the formation of a complex mixture of regio- and stereoisomeric C(20)O(2), C(20)O(3) and C(20)O(4) metabolites, excreted in urine as glucuronide ..
  100. ncbi Full-length and internally deleted forms of interleukin-7 are present in horse (Equus caballus) lymph node tissue
    R Frank Cook
    Department of Veterinary Science, Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546, USA
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 125:126-34. 2008
    b>Horse IL-7 (HIL-7) cDNA was isolated from adult lymph node tissue by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using oligonucleotide primers based on horse genomic sequences (The Broad Institute)...
  101. ncbi Trichinella spp. infection in horses of Romania: serological and parasitological survey
    Radu Blaga
    AFSSA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, ENVA, UPVM, Joint Research Unit BIPAR, AFSSA LERPAZ, 23 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, Maisons Alfort Cedex, France
    Vet Parasitol 159:285-9. 2009
    ..the year of the first report of human trichinellosis caused by the consumption of infected horse meat, the domestic horse has appeared as a novel vector of Trichinella spp...

Research Grants90

  1. HUMAN GRANULOCYTIC EHRLICHIA
    JOHN DUMLER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..equi and other ehrlichiae. 3. to determine the tissue and cell tropism of the HGE agent in the horse model and in cell culture...
  2. Virulence and Immunity of Granulocytic Ehrlichiae
    JOHN DUMLER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..mechanisms of granulocytic ehrlichiae, we will use a convenient mouse model and validate results in the horse model that mostly closely simulates human disease. Thus, we propose to: 1...
  3. Development of Medical Countermeasures to Ricin Poisoning
    THOR BORGFORD; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will focus on antibody-based therapies and will use a two-pronged approach: 1.) Fast-track of a horse-derived polyclonal antibody therapy and 2.) Develop the first fully human anti-ricin antibody therapy...
  4. Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes in immunity to Rhodococcus equi
    KRISTIN HASEL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..R equi causes a pyogranulomatous pneumonia morphologically similar to tuberculosis in both its natural host (the horse), and human AIDS patients. Like Mycobacterium spp...
  5. Shonga Ska: Sacred Horse Society Drug Prevention Program
    LESLIE WHITBECK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..program will be based on a blend of equine-assisted therapy techniques and Omaha traditions pertaining to the horse in their culture...
  6. Etiologic studies on EMND: An animal model for ALS
    Hussni Mohammed; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Equine motor neuron disease (EMND) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the horse characterized by progressive weakness, fasciculations, muscle wasting, and weight loss...
  7. Invasion of California by West Nile Virus
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our research is especially relevant for California, which has a large human population, valuable horse industry, extensive agriculture, elevated economic output and highly visible landmarks...
  8. FERRITIN AND IRON DEFICIENCY--A NEW LOOK AT THE PROBLEM
    Elizabeth Theil; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Measuring bioavailability of ferritin iron has recently shown that horse spleen ferritin and soybean meal ferritin from iron-rich soybean cultivars can cure nutritional iron deficiency at ..
  9. Role of electrophilic/redox active quinoids in estrogen carcinogenesis
    Judy L Bolton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Selective alkylation of ERs by the o- quinones generates a highly redox active "Trojan horse" which selectively targets estrogen sensitive genes. The specific aims are: 1...
  10. Role of electrophilic/redox active quinoids in estrogen carcinogenesis
    JUDY BOLTON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Selective alkylation of ERs by the o- quinones generates a highly redox active "Trojan horse" which selectively targets estrogen sensitive genes. The specific aims are: 1...
  11. Ferritin and Iron Nutrition in Health and Disease
    Elizabeth Theil; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Legume seeds consumed by humans are rich in iron and ferritin. Soybean seed iron (largely ferritin) and horse spleen ferritin are available iron sources for iron deficient rats...
  12. Neonatal Phototherapy / Bilirubin Excretion
    DAVID LIGHTNER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..5) Design and synthesize bilirnbin fluorophores and MRI-sensitive imaging agents and Trojan Horse vehicles for research and clinical applications involving pigment distribution, hepatic uptake, clearance and drug ..
  13. Borrelia lipoproteins with the cerebral microcirculation
    Diego Cadavid; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Pathogens may cross the BBB through paracellular, transcellular, and/or Trojan horse mechanisms...
  14. IMMUNE CONTROL OF EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA LENTIVIRUS
    Travis McGuire; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..research goal of defining the molecular interactions between virus and lymphocytes that result in the control of a horse lentivirus, equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV), will provide valuable information for the control of human ..
  15. Production of Recombinant Eukaryotic Ferroxidases as Protein Therapeutics
    DANIEL KOSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..PEGylation is now in use (e.g. the interferon drugs, Pegasus and PegIntron) and the TfR, "Trojan Horse" strategy has been used successfully in model systems with both small molecule and protein therapeutics...
  16. OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA ASOCIATED WITH SEAFOOD PROCESSING
    Thomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..exposure to lobster and saltwater bony fish (pilchard, Cape anchovy, mackerel, light fish, redeye, Cape horse mackerel, lantern fish) and health outcomes expected to be mediated through an immunologic IgE mechanism...
  17. HUMAN GRANULOCYTIC EHRLICHIOSIS: NORTH CENTRAL U.S.
    Russell Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The agent of HGE is closely related to or identical to the horse pathogen Ehrlichia equi and is transmitted by Ixodes scapularis, the same tick that transmits the agents of Lyme ..