African savanna elephant

Summary

Alias: African bush elephant, African savannah elephant, Loxodonta africana, elephant, Loxodonta africana africana

Top Publications

  1. Tankaew P, Singh La T, Titaram C, Punyapornwittaya V, Vongchan P, Sawada T, et al. Evaluation of an In-house indirect ELISA for detection of antibody against haemorrhagic septicemia in Asian elephants. J Microbiol Methods. 2017;134:30-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The checkerboard titration method was done using elephant sera immunized with P. multocida bacterin and negative sera from colostrum-deprived elephant calves...
  2. Landolfi J, Terio K, Miller M, Junecko B, Reinhart T. Pulmonary tuberculosis in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): histologic lesions with correlation to local immune responses. Vet Pathol. 2015;52:535-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Tuberculosis-negative samples generally lacked cytokine expression. Results showed heterogeneity in lesions of elephant tuberculosis similar to those of latent and active disease in primates, with variable expression of both TH1 and ..
  3. RICHMAN L, Zong J, Latimer E, Lock J, Fleischer R, Heaggans S, et al. Elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses EEHV1A, EEHV1B, and EEHV2 from cases of hemorrhagic disease are highly diverged from other mammalian herpesviruses and may form a new subfamily. J Virol. 2014;88:13523-46 pubmed publisher
    ..These viruses have caused a rapidly lethal hemorrhagic disease in 20% of all captive Asian elephant calves born in zoos in the United States and Europe since 1980...
  4. Kiso W, Selvaraj V, Nagashima J, Asano A, Brown J, Schmitt D, et al. Lactotransferrin in Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) seminal plasma correlates with semen quality. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71033 pubmed publisher
    ..sperm motility, the objectives of this study were to characterize the chemistry and protein profiles of Asian elephant seminal plasma and to determine the relationships between seminal plasma components and semen quality...
  5. Bellofiore N, Ellery S, Mamrot J, Walker D, Temple Smith P, Dickinson H. First evidence of a menstruating rodent: the spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus). Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017;216:40.e1-40.e11 pubmed publisher
    ..to be limited to 78 higher-order primates (human beings and Old World monkeys), 4 species of bat, and the elephant shrew. This represents only 1.5% of the known 5502 mammalian species and <0.09% of these are nonprimates...
  6. Thammarat P, Kulsing C, Wongravee K, Leepipatpiboon N, Nhujak T. Identification of Volatile Compounds and Selection of Discriminant Markers for Elephant Dung Coffee Using Static Headspace Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and Chemometrics. Molecules. 2018;23: pubmed publisher
    b>Elephant dung coffee (Black Ivory Coffee) is a unique Thai coffee produced from Arabica coffee cherries consumed by Asian elephants and collected from their feces...
  7. Chan C, Supriady H, Goh B, Kadir H. Elephantopus scaber induces apoptosis through ROS-dependent mitochondrial signaling pathway in HCT116 human colorectal carcinoma cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;168:291-304 pubmed publisher
    Elephantopus scaber also known as Elephant's foot (Asteraceae family) has a plethora of traditional applications including dysuria, diarrhea, dysentery, leukemia and cancer...
  8. Cardoso J, Félix R, Costa C, Palma P, Canario A, Power D. Evolution of the glucagon-like system across fish. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2018;264:113-130 pubmed publisher
    ..was the only fish where a putative glp1r persisted and the presence of the receptor gene in the genomes of the elephant shark and coelacanth remains unresolved...
  9. Antonation K, Grützmacher K, Dupke S, Mabon P, Zimmermann F, Lankester F, et al. Bacillus cereus Biovar Anthracis Causing Anthrax in Sub-Saharan Africa-Chromosomal Monophyly and Broad Geographic Distribution. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016;10:e0004923 pubmed publisher
    ..We have isolated members of this clade from different mammals (wild chimpanzees, gorillas, an elephant and goats) in West and Central Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Central African Republic and Democratic Republic ..

More Information

Publications342 found, 100 shown here

  1. Chave E, Edwards K, Paris S, Prado N, Morfeld K, Brown J. Variation in metabolic factors and gonadal, pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal hormones in association with musth in African and Asian elephant bulls. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2019;276:1-13 pubmed publisher
    ..pituitary, metabolic, and adrenal changes related to testicular function and musth status in zoo-housed elephant bulls...
  2. Campanini E, Vandewege M, Pillai N, Tay B, Jones J, Venkatesh B, et al. Early Evolution of Vertebrate Mybs: An Integrative Perspective Combining Synteny, Phylogenetic, and Gene Expression Analyses. Genome Biol Evol. 2015;7:3009-21 pubmed publisher
    ..We combined phylogenetic, synteny, structural, and gene expression analyses of the Myb paralogs from elephant shark and lampreys with data from 12 bony vertebrates to reconstruct the early evolution of vertebrate Mybs...
  3. Kakehi M, Ikenaka Y, Nakayama S, Kawai Y, Watanabe K, Mizukawa H, et al. Uridine Diphosphate-Glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) Xenobiotic Metabolizing Activity and Genetic Evolution in Pinniped Species. Toxicol Sci. 2015;147:360-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, the UGT1A6 pseudogene was found in the Northern elephant seal and Otariidae was suggested to be UGT1A6-deficient...
  4. Paungpin W, Wiriyarat W, Chaichoun K, Tiyanun E, Sangkachai N, Changsom D, et al. Serosurveillance for pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection in domestic elephants, Thailand. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0186962 pubmed publisher
    ..likely came from close contact with the infected mahouts or from the infected tourists who engaged in activities such as elephant riding and feeding. Nevertheless, it could not be excluded that elephant-to-elephant transmission did occur.
  5. Maslow J, Mikota S. Tuberculosis in elephants-a reemergent disease: diagnostic dilemmas, the natural history of infection, and new immunological tools. Vet Pathol. 2015;52:437-40 pubmed publisher
    ..However, because of pressures arising from public relations related to elephant husbandry and the added considerations of TB infection in animals (whether real or imagined), sharing of ..
  6. Eisenberg T, Rau J, Westerhüs U, Knauf Witzens T, Fawzy A, Schlez K, et al. Streptococcus agalactiae in elephants - A comparative study with isolates from human and zoo animal and livestock origin. Vet Microbiol. 2017;204:141-150 pubmed publisher
    ..We could demonstrate that our elephant isolate collection contained at least six different lineages that were representative for their source of origin...
  7. Liu P, Wen H, Harich F, He C, Wang L, Guo X, et al. Conflict between conservation and development: cash forest encroachment in Asian elephant distributions. Sci Rep. 2017;7:6404 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we mapped the historical distribution of elephants versus human land use. Elephant distributions appear to occur in unbroken natural forests only...
  8. Vijayakrishnan S, Kumar M, Umapathy G, Kumar V, Sinha A. Physiological stress responses in wild Asian elephants Elephas maximus in a human-dominated landscape in the Western Ghats, southern India. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2018;266:150-156 pubmed publisher
    ..in the tropical regions of the world, have restricted several large mammalian species such as the Asian elephant to fragmented habitats within human-dominated landscapes...
  9. Cheng Y, Tao W, Chen J, Sun L, Zhou L, Song Q, et al. Genome-wide identification, evolution and expression analysis of nuclear receptor superfamily in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Gene. 2015;569:141-52 pubmed publisher
    ..zebrafish (73), fugu (73), tetraodon (72), stickleback (70), medaka (69), coelacanth (55), spotted gar (51) and elephant shark (50). For 21 NRs, two duplicates were found in teleosts, while only one in tetrapods...
  10. Bertschinger H, Caldwell P. Fertility suppression of some wildlife species in southern Africa-a review. Reprod Domest Anim. 2016;51 Suppl 1:18-24 pubmed publisher
    ..We also address the problem of androgen-related aggressive behaviours in elephant bulls and giraffe males and present solutions that have been used to ameliorate such behaviours.
  11. Tao W, Sun L, Chen J, Shi H, Wang D. Genomic identification, rapid evolution, and expression of Argonaute genes in the tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Dev Genes Evol. 2016;226:339-48 pubmed publisher
    ..yielded the identification of different members of Agos and Piwis in the tilapia, coelacanth, spotted gar, and elephant shark. The additional teleost Ago3b was generated following the fish-specific genome duplication event...
  12. Nganvongpanit K, Buddhachat K, Klinhom S, Kaewmong P, Thitaram C, Mahakkanukrauh P. Determining comparative elemental profile using handheld X-ray fluorescence in humans, elephants, dogs, and dolphins: Preliminary study for species identification. Forensic Sci Int. 2016;263:101-106 pubmed publisher
    ..Human, elephant, dog, and dolphin bones were scanned by X-ray fluorescence (XRF); the differences in elemental profiles between ..
  13. Koirala R, Raubenheimer D, Aryal A, Pathak M, Ji W. Feeding preferences of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) in Nepal. BMC Ecol. 2016;16:54 pubmed
    ..This study investigates the feeding preferences of the Asian elephant in Parsa Wildlife Reserve (PWR) and Chitwan National Park (CNP), Nepal...
  14. Yakubu Y, Ong B, Zakaria Z, Hassan L, Mutalib A, Ngeow Y, et al. Evidence and potential risk factors of tuberculosis among captive Asian elephants and wildlife staff in Peninsular Malaysia. Prev Vet Med. 2016;125:147-53 pubmed publisher
    b>Elephant tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an important re-emerging zoonosis with considerable conservation and public health risk...
  15. Wu T, Cheng Y, Liu Z, Tao W, Zheng S, Wang D. Bioinformatic analyses of zona pellucida genes in vertebrates and their expression in Nile tilapia. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2018;44:435-449 pubmed publisher
    ..9, 8, 5, and 4 ZP genes belonging to 5 subfamilies (ZPA, ZPB, ZPC, ZPD, and ZPAX) were found in the sea lamprey, elephant shark, coelacanth, spotted gar, zebrafish, medaka, stickleback, Nile tilapia, Amazon molly, platyfish, seahorse, ..
  16. Lueders I, Niemuller C, Steinmetz H, Bouts T, Gray C, Knauf Witzens T, et al. Prolonged luteal lifespan and pseudopregnancy in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Anim Reprod Sci. 2018;197:58-66 pubmed publisher
    ..and 32-year-old at the start of the pseudopregnancy episode; and Case 3 occurred in a 49-year-old nulliparous elephant. Serum progesterone metabolite concentrations remained elevated for 10 months in Case 1...
  17. Maurer G, Rashford B, Chanthavong V, Mulot B, Gimenez O. Wild-captive interactions and economics drive dynamics of Asian elephants in Laos. Sci Rep. 2017;7:14800 pubmed publisher
    ..We demonstrated that fecundity is impacted by: i) the dynamics of the wild elephant pool through mating of captive females by wild males, and ii) the financial incentive of elephant owners to breed ..
  18. Tsung A, Allen B. A 51-year-old woman crushed by an elephant trunk. Wilderness Environ Med. 2015;26:54-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of a 51-year-old woman who sustained multiple systemic traumatic injuries after she was pinned to a fence by an elephant's trunk. Upon arrival in the emergency department, she was hypothermic with a temperature of 35.1ºC (95...
  19. Morfeld K, Brown J. Metabolic health assessment of zoo elephants: Management factors predicting leptin levels and the glucose-to-insulin ratio and their associations with health parameters. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0188701 pubmed publisher
    ..Two blood samples were collected 2 weeks apart from 87 Asian (Elephas maximus) and 105 African (Loxodonta africana) elephants managed by zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums for analysis of serum leptin, ..
  20. Springer M, Gatesy J. Evolution of the MC5R gene in placental mammals with evidence for its inactivation in multiple lineages that lack sebaceous glands. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2018;120:364-374 pubmed publisher
    ..gene occurs in multiple placental lineages that have lost sebaceous glands (Cetacea, West Indian manatee, African elephant, white rhinoceros) or are characterized by unusual skin (pangolins, aardvarks). Both M...
  21. Batistel F, de Souza J, Santos F. Corn grain-processing method interacts with calcium salts of palm fatty acids supplementation on milk production and energy balance of early-lactation cows grazing tropical pasture. J Dairy Sci. 2017;100:5343-5357 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment diets were offered from 3 to 16 wk postpartum (treatment period), in which all cows grazed elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum L. Cameroon) and treatments were added to a concentrate supplement...
  22. Esakkimuthu S, Sylvester Darvin S, Mutheeswaran S, Gabriel Paulraj M, Pandikumar P, Ignacimuthu S, et al. A study on food-medicine continuum among the non-institutionally trained siddha practitioners of Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2018;14:45 pubmed publisher
    ..the use of citron, pomegranate and Solanum americanum (gastrointestinal ailments), Abutilon indicum, onions and elephant foot yam (hemorrhoids), Boerhavia diffusa (urinary ailments), Moringa oleifera (anemia), Aloe vera (gynecological ..
  23. Malamba S, Muyinda H, Spittal P, Ekwaru J, Kiwanuka N, Ogwang M, et al. "The Cango Lyec Project - Healing the Elephant": HIV related vulnerabilities of post-conflict affected populations aged 13-49 years living in three Mid-Northern Uganda districts. BMC Infect Dis. 2016;16:690 pubmed
    ..Evidence-based HIV/STI prevention programs and culturally safe, gender and trauma-informed are urgently needed. ..
  24. Leontyev S, Misfeld M, Mohr F. [Aneurysms of the ascending aorta and aortic arch]. Chirurg. 2014;85:758, 760-66 pubmed publisher
    ..The so-called hybrid procedures for aortic arch surgery include frozen elephant trunk (ET) techniques and debranching procedures...
  25. Wohlauer M, McKenney J, Park W. Postradiation Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma Masquerading as an Axillary Artery Pseudoaneurysm. Ann Vasc Surg. 2016;30:157.e7-9 pubmed publisher
    A 68-year-old woman with a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm recently status after first-stage elephant trunk procedure with right brachiocephalic artery endarterectomy and reimplantation of the innominate and left carotid using a 14 × ..
  26. Brown J. Comparative ovarian function and reproductive monitoring of endangered mammals. Theriogenology. 2018;109:2-13 pubmed publisher
    ..a range of reproductive strategies, from the highly seasonal, monestrus giant panda to the aseasonal, polyestrus elephant. Some species exhibit spontaneous ovulations, while others are induced ovulators or both, with variations in ..
  27. Khamas W, Smodlaka H, Leach Robinson J, Palmer L. Skin histology and its role in heat dissipation in three pinniped species. Acta Vet Scand. 2012;54:46 pubmed publisher
    ..California sea lion-Zalophus californianus, the Pacific harbor seal-Phoca vitulina richardsi, and the Northern elephant seal-Mirounga angustirostris, was conducted to identify the presence, location and distribution of skin ..
  28. Magnuson R, Linke L, Isaza R, Salman M. Rapid screening for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in clinical elephant trunk wash samples. Res Vet Sci. 2017;112:52-58 pubmed publisher
    ..While a positive result is not a definitive test for elephant tuberculosis, the molecular test results can be used to support current diagnostic procedures applied by ..
  29. Bagchi A, Batten A, Levin M, Allen K, Fitzgerald M, Huckstadt L, et al. Intrinsic anti-inflammatory properties in the serum of two species of deep-diving seal. J Exp Biol. 2018;221: pubmed publisher
    Weddell and elephant seals are deep-diving mammals, which rely on lung collapse to limit nitrogen absorption and prevent decompression injury...
  30. Rosen L, Hanyire T, Dawson J, Foggin C, Michel A, Huyvaert K, et al. Tuberculosis serosurveillance and management practices of captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..To assess risk factors for TB seroprevalence, a questionnaire was used to collect data regarding elephant management at four ecotourism facilities offering elephant-back tourist rides in the Victoria Falls area of ..
  31. Vongdala N, Tran H, Xuan T, Teschke R, Khanh T. Heavy Metal Accumulation in Water, Soil, and Plants of Municipal Solid Waste Landfill in Vientiane, Laos. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;16: pubmed publisher
    ..For the grass Pennisetum purpureum (elephant grass), the quantities of HMs in all plant parts were extreme, perhaps due to the deeper growth of its rhizome ..
  32. Magda S, Spohn O, Angkawanish T, Smith D, Pearl D. Risk factors for saddle-related skin lesions on elephants used in the tourism industry in Thailand. BMC Vet Res. 2015;11:117 pubmed publisher
    ..regression modelling containing a random intercept for camp we identified the following risk factors: increasing elephant age, the use of rice sacks as padding material in contact with the skin, and the provision of a break for the ..
  33. Ghielmetti G, Coscollá M, Ruetten M, Friedel U, Loiseau C, Feldmann J, et al. Tuberculosis in Swiss captive Asian elephants: microevolution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis characterized by multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis and whole-genome sequencing. Sci Rep. 2017;7:14647 pubmed publisher
    ..of tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA) elucidated two divergent populations of bacteria and mixed infection in one elephant, suggesting either different transmission chains or prolonged infection over time. A total of eight M...
  34. Kouchoukos N, Kulik A, Castner C. Clinical outcomes and rates of aortic growth and reoperation after 1-stage repair of extensive chronic thoracic aortic dissection. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018;155:1926-1935 pubmed publisher
    ..It represents a suitable alternative to the 2-stage, frozen elephant trunk, and hybrid procedures that are also used to treat this condition.
  35. Buddhachat K, Brown J, Thitaram C, Klinhom S, Nganvongpanit K. Distinguishing real from fake ivory products by elemental analyses: A Bayesian hybrid classification method. Forensic Sci Int. 2017;272:142-149 pubmed publisher
    ..as a noninvasive technique for elemental analysis, to differentiate quickly between ivory (Asian and African elephant, mammoth) from non-ivory (bones, teeth, antler, horn, wood, synthetic resin, rock) materials...
  36. Ulrich S, Lehnert K, Siebert U, Strube C. A recombinant antigen-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for lungworm detection in seals. Parasit Vectors. 2015;8:443 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, sera of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) were tested to evaluate whether the harbour/grey seal ELISA is suitable for this ..
  37. Skugor A, Tveiten H, Johnsen H, Andersen Ø. Multiplicity of Buc copies in Atlantic salmon contrasts with loss of the germ cell determinant in primates, rodents and axolotl. BMC Evol Biol. 2016;16:232 pubmed
    ..was found in lamprey and chordate invertebrates, while the gene was identified in a conserved syntenic region in elephant shark, spotted gar, teleosts, Comoran coelacanth and most tetrapods...
  38. Jelincic J, Tift M, Houser D, Crocker D. Variation in adrenal and thyroid hormones with life-history stage in juvenile northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2017;252:111-118 pubmed publisher
    ..Blood adrenal and thyroid hormones were measured in 144 chemically immobilized yearling northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) to characterize variation between sexes and across semiannual haul-outs...
  39. Martens A, Beckmann E, Kaufeld T, Umminger J, Fleissner F, Koigeldiyev N, et al. Total aortic arch repair: risk factor analysis and follow-up in 199 patients. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016;50:940-948 pubmed
    ..Forty-four per cent of patients underwent aortic root surgery, 90% received a classical elephant trunk (ET) or frozen elephant trunk (FET)...
  40. Dores R, Garcia Y. Views on the co-evolution of the melanocortin-2 receptor, MRAPs, and the hypothalamus/pituitary/adrenal-interrenal axis. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2015;408:12-22 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the MC2R ortholog of the elephant shark, a cartilaginous fish, can be activated by either ACTH or the MSH-sized ligands, and the elephant shark ..
  41. Kamohara K, Furukawa K, Koga S, Yunoki J, Morokuma H, Noguchi R, et al. Surgical strategy for retrograde type A aortic dissection based on long-term outcomes. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015;99:1610-5 pubmed publisher
    ..of the primary tear in the distal arch or descending aorta (TAR-R[+]), whereas the remaining 15 patients received elephant trunk implantation as an alternative procedure for tear resection (TAR-R[-])...
  42. Runting R, Meijaard E, Abram N, Wells J, Gaveau D, Ancrenaz M, et al. Alternative futures for Borneo show the value of integrating economic and conservation targets across borders. Nat Commun. 2015;6:6819 pubmed publisher
    ..50% of its land as forests, protect adequate habitat for the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Bornean elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis), and achieve an opportunity cost saving of over US$43 billion...
  43. Goodman S, Raherilalao M, Muldoon K. Bird fossils from Ankilitelo Cave: inference about Holocene environmental changes in southwestern Madagascar. Zootaxa. 2013;3750:534-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Eggshell remains from the extinct elephant bird (Family Aepyornithidae) and assigned to Aepyornis sp. were found at the site...
  44. Carmody J, Traynor V, Marchetti E. Barriers to qualitative dementia research: the elephant in the room. Qual Health Res. 2015;25:1013-9 pubmed publisher
    ..a myriad of factors are responsible for this dichotomy, we propose that inadequate funding represents the "elephant in the room" of dementia research...
  45. Hayashi T, Tobe S, Sugiyama H, Ijyuin S, Yamaguchi M, Yamaguchi M, et al. [Two-staged Hybrid Repair for Extensive Aortic Aneurysm;Report of a Case]. Kyobu Geka. 2015;68:515-9 pubmed
    ..Therefore, we performed 2-staged hybrid repair for this case. First, surgical total arch replacement with elephant trunk via median sternotomy was performed...
  46. Fowler M, Debier C, Champagne C, Crocker D, Costa D. The demands of lactation promote differential regulation of lipid stores in fasting elephant seals. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2016;225:125-132 pubmed publisher
    ..Our objective was to understand how fasting northern elephant seals regulate the mobilization of lipid reserves and subsequently milk lipid content during lactation...
  47. Jin M, Ma W, Liu S, Zhu J, Sun L, Lu J, et al. Predictors of Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Adults After Acute Type-A Aortic Dissection Repair. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017;31:1580-1587 pubmed publisher
    ..6 ± 10.4; 93 men) who underwent total arch replacement combined with a frozen elephant trunk implantation at a mean of 3.6 days from onset...
  48. Sako H, Tanaka H, Morita M, Takayama T. Devising a technique for distal anastomosis during total arch replacement using the frozen elephant trunk technique: reverse stepwise anastomosis. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018;66:492-494 pubmed publisher
    Frozen elephant technique is an effective procedure used to repair complex thoracic aortic disease involving the aortic arch and the descending aorta, or to treat aortic dissection...
  49. Kooyman G. Marine mammals and Emperor penguins: a few applications of the Krogh principle. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2015;308:R96-104 pubmed publisher
    ..This nitrogen level was similar to that determined in elephant seals during forcible submersion with compression to depths greater than 100 m...
  50. de Silva S, Weerathunga U, Pushpakumara T. Morphometrics and behavior of a wild Asian elephant exhibiting disproportionate dwarfism. BMC Res Notes. 2014;7:933 pubmed publisher
    ..We report on a single case of apparent dwarfism in a free-ranging adult male Asian elephant in Sri Lanka, comparing physical dimensions to those of other males in the population as well as in previous ..
  51. Anselmi A, Ruggieri V, Harmouche M, Fouquet O, Kaladji A, Flécher E, et al. Combined frozen elephant trunk and endovascular repair for extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms. Ann Vasc Surg. 2015;29:905-12 pubmed publisher
    We describe a 1-step treatment of extensive arch and descending aortic aneurysm by combination of frozen elephant trunk (FET) (hybrid endoprosthesis) and of conventional endoprosthesis deployment...
  52. Thompson M, Mzilikazi N, Bennett N, McKechnie A. Solar radiation during rewarming from torpor in elephant shrews: supplementation or substitution of endogenous heat production?. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0120442 pubmed publisher
    ..To address this question, we examined patterns of torpor and rewarming rates in eastern rock elephant shrews (Elephantulus myurus) housed in outdoor cages with access to either natural levels of solar radiation or ..
  53. Peterson S, McHuron E, Kennedy S, Ackerman J, Rea L, Castellini J, et al. Evaluating Hair as a Predictor of Blood Mercury: The Influence of Ontogenetic Phase and Life History in Pinnipeds. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2016;70:28-45 pubmed publisher
    ..hair [THg] was poorly predictive or not predictive (different times of year) of blood [THg] for adult northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris)...
  54. Pugh C, Summers K, Bronsvoort B, Handel I, Clements D. Validity of Internet-based longitudinal study data: the elephant in the virtual room. J Med Internet Res. 2015;17:e96 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe that validation is a crucial step and hope our suggested guidelines will help facilitate validation of other Internet-based cohort studies. ..
  55. Kamala S, Makeshkumar T. Rapid and sensitive detection of Dasheen mosaic virus infecting elephant foot yam by reverse transcription loop mediated isothermal amplification of coat protein gene. J Virol Methods. 2015;222:106-9 pubmed publisher
    Dasheen mosaic virus (DsMV), the pathogen causing mosaic disease of elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifoilius) is disseminated mainly through vegetative propagation of the tubers...
  56. Shang W, Ma M, Ge Y, Liu N, Zhu J, Sun L. Analysis of risk factors of type a aortic dissection (TAAD) operation of frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016;20:4586-4592 pubmed
    To investigate the incidence and risk factors of acute renal failure (ARF) after operation of frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for acute thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) with mild hypothermic circulatory ..
  57. Dashkevich A, Hagl C, Juchem G, Luehr M, Pichlmaier M. Management of Retrograde False Lumen Perfusion After Hybrid Arch Repair in Acute Aortic Dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017;103:e377-e379 pubmed publisher
    ..with acute aortic dissections involving the arch and descending aorta can effectively be treated using the frozen elephant trunk technique...
  58. Pagliarini E, Bill C, Romoli J, Tieu L, Crain S. On children's variable success with scalar inferences: Insights from disjunction in the scope of a universal quantifier. Cognition. 2018;178:178-192 pubmed publisher
    ..how children and adults interpret sentences that embed disjunction under a universal quantifier, such as "Every elephant caught a big butterfly or a small butterfly"...
  59. Louis C, Covaci A, Stas M, Crocker D, Malarvannan G, Dirtu A, et al. Bioaccumulation of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls and pentachlorophenol in the serum of northern elephant seal pups (Mirounga angustirostris). Environ Res. 2015;136:441-8 pubmed publisher
    Northern elephant seals (NES) (Mirounga angustirostris) from the Año Nuevo State Reserve (CA, USA) were sampled at 1-, 4-, 7- and 10-week post-weaning...
  60. Roselli E, Loor G, He J, Rafael A, Rajeswaran J, Houghtaling P, et al. Distal aortic interventions after repair of ascending dissection: the argument for a more aggressive approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015;149:S117-24.e3 pubmed publisher
    ..3%) were stage-II elephant trunks...
  61. Bainbridge R, Tsey K, McCalman J, Kinchin I, Saunders V, Watkin Lui F, et al. No one's discussing the elephant in the room: contemplating questions of research impact and benefit in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian health research. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:696 pubmed publisher
  62. Li R, Redmond A, Wang T, Bird S, Dooley H, Secombes C. Characterisation of the TNF superfamily members CD40L and BAFF in the small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;47:381-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Although a putative CD40L orthologue was identified in the elephant shark genome the work herein is the first molecular characterisation and transcriptional analysis of CD40L in a ..
  63. Kelley M, Garstang M. On the Possible Detection of Lightning Storms by Elephants. Animals (Basel). 2013;3:349-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Such sound pressure levels are well within the range of elephant hearing...
  64. Shao R, Barker S, Li H, Song S, Poudel S, Su Y. Fragmented mitochondrial genomes in two suborders of parasitic lice of eutherian mammals (Anoplura and Rhynchophthirina, Insecta). Sci Rep. 2015;5:17389 pubmed publisher
    ..We sequenced the mt genome of the elephant louse, Haematomyzus elephantis - the first species of chewing lice investigated from the suborder ..
  65. Falkenberg M, Roos H, Lepore V, Svensson G, Zachrisson K, Henrikson O. Endovascular Closure of Chronic Dissection Entries in the Aortic Arch Using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II as a Sealing Button. J Endovasc Ther. 2016;23:378-83 pubmed publisher
    ..patient, false lumen flow persisted, and he was subsequently treated with a total arch reconstruction and frozen elephant trunk...
  66. Colabuono F, Vander Pol S, Huncik K, Taniguchi S, Petry M, Kucklick J, et al. Persistent organic pollutants in blood samples of Southern Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus) from the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Environ Pollut. 2016;216:38-45 pubmed publisher
    ..giganteus) adults and chicks collected in the austral summer of 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 from colonies on Elephant and Livingston Islands, South Shetland, Antarctica...
  67. Tang Y, Liao Z, Han L, Xu Z. Left Subclavian Artery Fenestration: A Novel Treatment Strategy for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016;101:95-9 pubmed publisher
    ..surgical strategy for the left subclavian artery (LSA) during total arch replacement combined with stented elephant trunk implantation for acute type A aortic dissection remains a challenge...
  68. Navas A, Oliva M, Ruiz Fernández J, Gaspar L, Quijano L, Lizaga I. Radionuclides and soil properties as indicators of glacier retreat in a recently deglaciated permafrost environment of the Maritime Antarctica. Sci Total Environ. 2017;609:192-204 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the case of Elephant Point (Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, SSI), where the glacier retreat recorded during the last six ..
  69. Ren C, Xu S, Lai Y, Zheng J, Sun L. Open surgery with frozen elephant trunk for the treatment of proximal stent graft-induced new entry in type B aortic dissection: a case report. Ann Vasc Surg. 2015;29:1316.e21-4 pubmed publisher
    ..New entry after a stent-graft implantation of 50 mm is rare. To our knowledge, this article is the first-reported case of the surgical management of SINE after a large stent-graft implantation. ..
  70. Goldenberg S, Douglas Hamilton I, Wittemyer G. Vertical Transmission of Social Roles Drives Resilience to Poaching in Elephant Networks. Curr Biol. 2016;26:75-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) exhibit complex social networks with node heterogeneity in which older individuals serve as connectivity ..
  71. Martin R, Melfi V. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2016;19:234-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Study subjects included 1 African elephant (Loxodonta Africana), 3 Rothschild's giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi), 2 Brazilian tapir (Tapirus terrestris), and ..
  72. Bouché P, Lejeune P, Bailly V, Muyle M, Zinque M, Mercier A, et al. Conserving wildlife amongst the cotton fields. A third of a century of experience at the Nazinga Game Ranch, Burkina Faso. Environ Monit Assess. 2016;188:437 pubmed publisher
    ..Results showed that large species such as the elephant (Loxodonta africana) and large antelopes increased or showed stable populations...
  73. Opazo J, Lee A, Hoffmann F, Toloza Villalobos J, Burmester T, Venkatesh B, et al. Ancient Duplications and Expression Divergence in the Globin Gene Superfamily of Vertebrates: Insights from the Elephant Shark Genome and Transcriptome. Mol Biol Evol. 2015;32:1684-94 pubmed publisher
    ..genomic analysis of the vertebrate globin gene family that includes the complete globin gene repertoire of the elephant shark (Callorhinchus milii)...
  74. Cheke L, Clayton N. The six blind men and the elephant: Are episodic memory tasks tests of different things or different tests of the same thing?. J Exp Child Psychol. 2015;137:164-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, if used together, these tests may offer a robust assessment of episodic memory as a complex multifaceted process. ..
  75. Ge Y, Li C, Chen L, Liu W, Cheng L, Liu Y, et al. Is Previous Cardiac Surgery a Risk Factor for Short and Mid-term Mortality Following Total Aortic Arch Replacement in Patients with Stanford Type A Aortic Dissection?. Heart Lung Circ. 2015;24:1111-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Stanford type A aortic dissection involving aortic arch underwent total aortic arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk. Of these patients, 36 patients had PCS...
  76. van Kolfschoten T, Buhrs E, Verheijen I. The larger mammal fauna from the Lower Paleolithic Schöningen Spear site and its contribution to hominin subsistence. J Hum Evol. 2015;89:138-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Herbivores are represented by an elephant species, two equid species, two rhinoceros species, two cervid species, and two large bovid species...
  77. Mohamed A, Ardyani T, Bakar S, Brown P, Hollamby M, Sagisaka M, et al. Graphene-philic surfactants for nanocomposites in latex technology. Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 2016;230:54-69 pubmed publisher
    ..However, agglomeration and uniform dispersion remains an Achilles' heel (even an elephant in the room), hampering the optimization of this material for practical applications...
  78. Arnold D, Gray C, Roth T, Mitchell S, Graham L. A simple, field-friendly technique for cryopreserving semen from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Anim Reprod Sci. 2017;182:84-94 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, our results indicate cooling extended semen in an equitainer and cryopreserving it by placing straws directly in a dry shipper is a simple technique for effectively cryopreserving Asian elephant semen in the field or zoo.
  79. Lipowski S, Ariel R, Tauber S, Dunlosky J. Children's agenda-based regulation: The effects of prior performance and reward on elementary school children's study choices. J Exp Child Psychol. 2017;164:55-67 pubmed publisher
    ..First and third graders studied names for 10 animals (e.g., "The elephant's name is Suzy") and then were given a cued recall test on which they were shown the animal and needed to recall ..
  80. Bellofiore N, Cousins F, Temple Smith P, Dickinson H, Evans J. A missing piece: the spiny mouse and the puzzle of menstruating species. J Mol Endocrinol. 2018;61:R25-R41 pubmed publisher
    We recently discovered the first known menstruating rodent. With the exception of four bats and the elephant shrew, the common spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) is the only species outside the primate order to exhibit menses...
  81. Carter A. Classics revisited: C. J. van der Horst on pregnancy and menstruation in elephant shrews. Placenta. 2018;67:24-30 pubmed publisher
    Menstruation occurs only in higher primates, some bats, the spiny mouse and the elephant shrew. Our knowledge of the latter species is due to work by C. J. van der Horst...
  82. Louis C, Perdaens L, Suciu S, Tavoni S, Crocker D, Debier C. Mobilisation of blubber fatty acids of northern elephant seal pups (Mirounga angustirostris) during the post-weaning fast. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2015;183:78-86 pubmed publisher
    Northern elephant seal pups were longitudinally sampled at Año Nuevo State Reserve during the post-weaning fast, in order to evaluate the changes of fatty acid (FA) profiles in serum as well as in the inner and outer layers of blubber...
  83. Kakumura K, Takabe S, Takagi W, Hasegawa K, Konno N, Bell J, et al. Morphological and molecular investigations of the holocephalan elephant fish nephron: the existence of a countercurrent-like configuration and two separate diluting segments in the distal tubule. Cell Tissue Res. 2015;362:677-88 pubmed publisher
    ..To address this problem, we focused on elephant fish (Callorhinchus milii) for which a genome database is available, and conducted molecular mapping of membrane ..
  84. Kokotsakis J, Jarral O, Harling L, Tsipas P, Athanasiou T. Frozen elephant trunk reconstruction for right-sided aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery and aneurysm of the descending aorta: a case report. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016;11:77 pubmed publisher
    ..He underwent repair of this utilising the frozen elephant trunk technique, which dealt with all three pathologies in one-stage...
  85. Papakonstantinou N, Antonopoulos C, Baikoussis N, Kakisis I, Geroulakos G. Frozen Elephant Trunk: An Alternative Surgical Weapon Against Extensive Thoracic Aorta Disease. A Three-Year Meta-Analysis. Heart Lung Circ. 2019;28:213-222 pubmed publisher
    ..Hybrid type III aortic arch reconstruction, the so-called "frozen elephant trunk" is a one-stage alternative approach...
  86. Lagendijk D, Mackey R, Page B, Slotow R. The effects of herbivory by a mega- and mesoherbivore on tree recruitment in sand forest, South Africa. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17983 pubmed publisher
    ..We determined these effects for elephant Loxodonta africana and nyala Tragelaphus angasii in the critically endangered Sand Forest, which is restricted to east southern ..
  87. Yue J, Yu J, Putnam N, Holland L. The transcriptome of an amphioxus, Asymmetron lucayanum, from the Bahamas: a window into chordate evolution. Genome Biol Evol. 2014;6:2681-96 pubmed publisher
    ..outgroups showed that cephalochordates are evolving more slowly than the slowest evolving vertebrate known (the elephant shark), with A. lucayanum evolving even more slowly than B. floridae...
  88. Estrera A, Jan A, Sandhu H, Shalhub S, Medina Castro M, Nguyen T, et al. Outcomes of open repair for chronic descending thoracic aortic dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015;99:786-93; discussion 794 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous ascending repair was performed in 41% (85 of 209), and the second-stage elephant trunk was performed in 10% (21 of 209)...
  89. Zeppelzauer M, Stoeger A. Establishing the fundamentals for an elephant early warning and monitoring system. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:409 pubmed publisher
    ..This has continuously escalated the human-elephant conflict in Africa and Asia...
  90. Johanson Z, Boisvert C, Maksimenko A, Currie P, Trinajstic K. Development of the Synarcual in the Elephant Sharks (Holocephali; Chondrichthyes): Implications for Vertebral Formation and Fusion. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0135138 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that chondrichthyans have potential as ideal extant models for identifying the genes involved in these processes, for application to human skeletal heterotopic disorders. ..
  91. Kitpipit T, Thongjued K, Penchart K, Ouithavon K, Chotigeat W. Mini-SNaPshot multiplex assays authenticate elephant ivory and simultaneously identify the species origin. Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2017;27:106-115 pubmed publisher
    Illegal trading of ivory is mainly responsible for the dramatic decline in elephant populations. Thailand is one of the largest laundering hotspots for African ivory, as the domestic Asian elephant ivory can be legally traded...
  92. Roca A. Evolution: The Island of Misfit Mammoths. Curr Biol. 2015;25:R549-51 pubmed publisher
    ..One of the last survivors had reduced genetic diversity. Although divergent in their mitochondrial genomes, the mammoths had similar nuclear genomes, a finding germane to elephant conservation.