giant panda

Summary

Alias: Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Ailuropoda melanoleuca (David, 1869), Ailuropoda melanoleura

Top Publications

  1. Liao M, Zhu M, Zhang Z, Zhang A, Li G, Sheng F. Cloning and sequence analysis of FSH and LH in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Anim Reprod Sci. 2003;77:107-16 pubmed
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is an endangered species and indigenous to China...
  2. Peng R, Zeng B, Meng X, Yue B, Zhang Z, Zou F. The complete mitochondrial genome and phylogenetic analysis of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Gene. 2007;397:76-83 pubmed publisher
    The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, was determined by the long and accurate polymerase chain reaction (LA-PCR) with conserved primers and primer walking sequence methods...
  3. Hou W, Du Y, Chen Y, Wu X, Peng Z, Yang J, et al. Nucleotide sequence of cDNA encoding the mitochondrial precursor protein of the ATPase inhibitor from the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). DNA Cell Biol. 2007;26:799-802 pubmed publisher
    ..in silico cloning, we isolated and sequenced the cDNA encoding the inhibitor protein of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)...
  4. Pan H, Wan Q, Fang S. Molecular characterization of major histocompatibility complex class I genes from the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Immunogenetics. 2008;60:185-93 pubmed publisher
    ..To date, no class I genes from the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) has been reported, even none from species of Ursidae...
  5. Tang Y, Tan X, Yue C, Li C, Fan Z, Zhang Y. Cloning, sequence, and function analyses of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) CD9 gene. Mol Reprod Dev. 2008;75:1418-25 pubmed publisher
    ..The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) CD9 (gpCD9) cDNA was amplified for the first time by RT-PCR from ovary total RNA and cloned, sequenced ..
  6. Tao Y, Zeng B, Xu L, Yue B, Yang D, Zou F. Interferon-gamma of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca): complementary DNA cloning, expression, and phylogenetic analysis. DNA Cell Biol. 2010;29:41-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein we report the cloning, expression, and sequence analysis of IFN-gamma from the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)...
  7. Hou W, Hou Y, Wu G, Song Y, Su X, Sun B, et al. cDNA, genomic sequence cloning and overexpression of ribosomal protein gene L9 (rpL9) of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:1576-88 pubmed publisher
    ..To obtain information about rpL9 of Ailuropoda melanoleuca (the giant panda) we designed primers based on the known mammalian nucleotide sequence...
  8. Du Y, Hou Y, Hou W. Molecular characterization of a gene POLR2H encoded an essential subunit for RNA polymerase II from the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda Melanoleuca). Mol Biol Rep. 2013;40:1495-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The genomic DNA and cDNA sequences were cloned successfully for the first time from the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) adopting touchdown-PCR and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respectively...
  9. Bidon T, Schreck N, Hailer F, Nilsson M, Janke A. Genome-Wide Search Identifies 1.9 Mb from the Polar Bear Y Chromosome for Evolutionary Analyses. Genome Biol Evol. 2015;7:2010-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, we find evidence of gene conversion among ZFX and ZFY sequences in the giant panda lineage and in the ancestor of ursine and tremarctine bears...

More Information

Publications135 found, 100 shown here

  1. Zhou X, Wang B, Pan Q, Zhang J, Kumar S, Sun X, et al. Whole-genome sequencing of the snub-nosed monkey provides insights into folivory and evolutionary history. Nat Genet. 2014;46:1303-10 pubmed publisher
    ..roxellana more closely resembles that of giant panda rather than its congeners...
  2. Bai W, Connor T, Zhang J, Yang H, Dong X, Gu X, et al. Long-term distribution and habitat changes of protected wildlife: giant pandas in Wolong Nature Reserve, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:11400-11408 pubmed publisher
    ..utilization and habitat suitability over a large time scale, highlighting the achievements and challenges of giant panda conservation...
  3. Braeuer S, Dungl E, Hoffmann W, Li D, Wang C, Zhang H, et al. Unusual arsenic metabolism in Giant Pandas. Chemosphere. 2017;189:418-425 pubmed publisher
    ..The main arsenic species in the bamboo extracts was inorganic arsenic. This indicates that the Giant Panda possesses a unique way of very efficiently methylating and excreting the provided inorganic arsenic...
  4. Lu M, Jiang J, Liu L, Ma A, Leung F. Complete Genome Sequence of Klebsiella pneumoniae Strain HKUOPLC, a Cellulose-Degrading Bacterium Isolated from Giant Panda Feces. Genome Announc. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    We report here the complete genome sequence of Klebsiella pneumoniae strain HKUOPLC, isolated from a giant panda fecal sample collected from Ocean Park, Hong Kong...
  5. Lu M, Jiang J, Liu L, Ma A, Leung F. Complete Genome Sequence of Klebsiella variicola Strain HKUOPLA, a Cellulose-Degrading Bacterium Isolated from Giant Panda Feces. Genome Announc. 2015;3: pubmed publisher
    We report here the complete genome sequence of Klebsiella variicola strain HKUOPLA, isolated from a giant panda feces sample collected from Ocean Park, Hong Kong...
  6. Zhao Y, Chen Y, Ellison A, Liu W, Chen D. Establish an environmentally sustainable Giant Panda National Park in the Qinling Mountains. Sci Total Environ. 2019;668:979-987 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the most endangered animals in the world and is recognized worldwide as a symbol for conservation...
  7. He K, Dai Q, Gu X, Zhang Z, Zhou J, Qi D, et al. Effects of roads on giant panda distribution: a mountain range scale evaluation. Sci Rep. 2019;9:1110 pubmed publisher
    ..We analyzed a dataset that included 74.4% of the giant panda population and covered 78...
  8. Zhu Y, Wan Q, Yu B, Ge Y, Fang S. Patterns of genetic differentiation at MHC class I genes and microsatellites identify conservation units in the giant panda. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:227 pubmed publisher
    ..Aime-I, and Aime-L) and 8 microsatellites to infer patterns of genetic variation in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and to further define conservation units...
  9. Zhou W, Nie Y, Hu Y, Swaisgood R, Zhang Y, Liu D, et al. Seasonal and reproductive variation in chemical constituents of scent signals in wild giant pandas. Sci China Life Sci. 2019;: pubmed publisher
    ..This seasonal variation in chemical composition of AGS most likely plays an important role in governing giant panda reproduction, including mate location, attraction, and male-male competition...
  10. Rong Z, Liu X, Zhao C, He L, Liu J, Gao Y, et al. Evaluating giant panda as a surrogate species for conservation co-occurring species in the Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019;26:8939-8948 pubmed publisher
    ..NNR), located in the Minshan Mountains, China, which is established mainly for the conservation of giant panda (a surrogate for the conservation of other endangered species) was selected...
  11. Zhang H, Xie H, Wang W, Wang Z, Tao Y. Pharmacology of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) melanocortin-3 receptor. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..has been reported previously in several other species, there is no report on the MC3R from giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). This ancient species is known as a 'living fossil' and is among the most endangered animals in the world...
  12. Zhao H, Yang J, Xu H, Zhang J. Pseudogenization of the umami taste receptor gene Tas1r1 in the giant panda coincided with its dietary switch to bamboo. Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:2669-73 pubmed publisher
    Although it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda is a vegetarian with 99% of its diet being bamboo...
  13. Huang H, Yie S, Liu Y, Wang C, Cai Z, Zhang W, et al. Dietary resources shape the adaptive changes of cyanide detoxification function in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Sci Rep. 2016;6:34700 pubmed publisher
    The functional adaptive changes in cyanide detoxification in giant panda appear to be response to dietary transition from typical carnivore to herbivorous bear...
  14. Charlton B, Owen M, Keating J, Martin Wintle M, Zhang H, Swaisgood R. Sound transmission in a bamboo forest and its implications for information transfer in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) bleats. Sci Rep. 2018;8:12754 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we broadcast and re-recorded giant panda bleats in a bamboo plantation, to assess the stability of individuality and sex differences in these calls over ..
  15. Liu Z, Weng Z, Zhai Z, Huang N, Zhang Z, Tan J, et al. Hydration-induced nano- to micro-scale self-recovery of the tooth enamel of the giant panda. Acta Biomater. 2018;81:267-277 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we reveal that the tooth enamel, specifically from the giant panda, is capable of developing durability through counteracting the early stage of damage by partially recovering ..
  16. Ran M, Li Y, Zhang Y, Liang K, Ren Y, Zhang M, et al. Transcriptome Sequencing Reveals the Differentially Expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs Involved in Cryoinjuries in Frozen-Thawed Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) Sperm. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19: pubmed publisher
    Sperm cryopreservation and artificial insemination are important methods for giant panda breeding and preservation of extant genetic diversity...
  17. Gao Q, Wang C, Li D, Zhang H, Deng L, Li C, et al. A case of giant panda ovarian cancer diagnosis and histopathology. BMC Vet Res. 2018;14:311 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report a case of giant panda ovarian tumor metastasis with a combination of clinical and histopathological diagnosis...
  18. Gu Y, Wang Y, Ma X, Wang C, Yue G, Zhang Y, et al. Greater taxol yield of fungus Pestalotiopsis hainanensis from dermatitic scurf of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2015;175:155-65 pubmed publisher
    ..are still low, whether Pestalotiopsis hainanensis isolated from the scurf of a dermatitic giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, provides a greater taxol yield remains unknown...
  19. Xie Y, Zhou X, Chen L, Zhang Z, Wang C, Gu X, et al. Cloning and characterization of a novel sigma-like glutathione S-transferase from the giant panda parasitic nematode, Baylisascaris schroederi. Parasit Vectors. 2015;8:44 pubmed publisher
    Baylisascaris schroederi, an intestinal nematode of the giant panda, is the cause of the often fatal disease, baylisascariasis...
  20. Feng N, Yu Y, Wang T, Wilker P, Wang J, Li Y, et al. Fatal canine distemper virus infection of giant pandas in China. Sci Rep. 2016;6:27518 pubmed publisher
    We report an outbreak of canine distemper virus (CDV) infection among endangered giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Five of six CDV infected giant pandas died. The surviving giant panda was previously vaccinated against CDV...
  21. Min Shan Ko A, Zhang Y, Yang M, Hu Y, Cao P, Feng X, et al. Mitochondrial genome of a 22,000-year-old giant panda from southern China reveals a new panda lineage. Curr Biol. 2018;28:R693-R694 pubmed publisher
    Present-day giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are estimated to have diverged from their closest relatives, all other bears, ?20 million years ago, based on molecular data [1]...
  22. Li W, Zhong Z, Song Y, Gong C, Deng L, Cao Y, et al. Human-Pathogenic Enterocytozoon bieneusi in Captive Giant Pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in China. Sci Rep. 2018;8:6590 pubmed publisher
    ..bieneusi in the giant panda remains limited. We surveyed captive giant pandas in China for the presence of E...
  23. Yan Y, Niu L, Deng J, Wang Q, Yu J, Zhang Y, et al. Adjuvant effects of recombinant giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) IL-18 on the canine distemper disease vaccine in mice. J Vet Med Sci. 2015;77:187-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), especially captive ones, are susceptible to natural infection with CDV...
  24. Liu X, Wang T, Wang T, Skidmore A, Songer M. How do two giant panda populations adapt to their habitats in the Qinling and Qionglai Mountains, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015;22:1175-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings have important implications for management, for instance, it needs to be careful considering the behavior difference of the pandas when reintroducing them to the wild. ..
  25. Wei F, Hu Y, Yan L, Nie Y, Wu Q, Zhang Z. Giant pandas are not an evolutionary cul-de-sac: evidence from multidisciplinary research. Mol Biol Evol. 2015;32:4-12 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the world's most endangered mammals and remains threatened by environmental and anthropogenic pressure...
  26. Wang T, Xie Y, Zheng Y, Wang C, Li D, Koehler A, et al. Parasites of the Giant Panda: A Risk Factor in the Conservation of a Species. Adv Parasitol. 2018;99:1-33 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda, with an estimated population size of 2239 in the world (in 2015), is a global symbol of wildlife conservation that is threatened by habitat loss, poor reproduction and limited resistance to some infectious diseases...
  27. Russo G, Williams S. Giant pandas (Carnivora: Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and living hominoids converge on lumbar vertebral adaptations to orthograde trunk posture. J Hum Evol. 2015;88:160-179 pubmed publisher
    ..Specifically, we tested whether giant pandas (Carnivora: Ailuropoda melanoleuca) converge with living hominoids on lumbar vertebral adaptations to the single component of their ..
  28. Sasaki N, Nakamura M, Soeta S. Molecular analysis of cytosolic and mitochondrial malate dehydrogenases isolated from domestic cats (Felis catus). Genet Mol Res. 2014;13:6855-64 pubmed publisher
    ..The feline MDH1 and MDH2 proteins shared, respectively, 98.8-93.7 and 96.7-94.4% homology with dog, giant panda, horse, cow, pig, human, mouse, and rat...
  29. Wei F, Costanza R, Dai Q, Stoeckl N, Gu X, Farber S, et al. The Value of Ecosystem Services from Giant Panda Reserves. Curr Biol. 2018;28:2174-2180.e7 pubmed publisher
    ..The giant panda epitomizes the flagship species [6]...
  30. Wang Z, Wang W, Shi L, Chai J, Zhang X, Tao Y. Molecular cloning and pharmacological characterization of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) melanocortin-4 receptor. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2016;229:32-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), famous as the living fossil, is an endangered species endemic to China...
  31. Gocinski B, Knott K, Roberts B, Brown J, Vance C, Kouba A. Changes in urinary androgen concentration indicate that male giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) respond to impending female oestrus during and outside the typical spring breeding season. Reprod Fertil Dev. 2018;30:399-408 pubmed publisher
  32. Zhang L, Wu Q, Hu Y, Wu H, Wei F. Major histocompatibility complex alleles associated with parasite susceptibility in wild giant pandas. Heredity (Edinb). 2015;114:85-93 pubmed publisher
    ..With the knowledge of the MHC profile provided by the genomic data of the giant panda, seven DRB1, seven DQA1 and eight DQA2 alleles were identified at each single locus...
  33. Zhang Z, Zhang H, Li D, Xiong T, Fang S. Characterization of the ?-defensin genes in giant panda. Sci Rep. 2018;8:12308 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore characterized the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) ?-defensin gene family through gap filling, TBLASTN, and HMM searches...
  34. Hu Y, Pang H, Li D, Ling S, Lan D, Wang Y, et al. Analysis of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COX1) gene reveals the unique evolution of the giant panda. Gene. 2016;592:303-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Living fossil" giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is well-known for its special bamboo diet...
  35. Zhou Z, Zhou X, Zhong Z, Wang C, Zhang H, Li D, et al. Investigation of antibacterial activity of Bacillus spp. isolated from the feces of Giant Panda and characterization of their antimicrobial gene distributions. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014;30:3129-36 pubmed publisher
    Bacillus group is a prevalent community of Giant Panda's intestinal flora, and plays a significant role in the field of biological control of pathogens...
  36. Wen C, Xi L, She R, Zhao S, Hao Z, Luo L, et al. Lysobacter chengduensis sp. nov. Isolated from the Air of Captive Ailuropoda melanoleuca Enclosures in Chengdu, China. Curr Microbiol. 2016;72:88-93 pubmed
    A novel bacterial strain, designated as CF21(T), was isolated from the air of Ailuropoda melanoleuca enclosures in China. Cells were gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, and rod shaped...
  37. Yan Y, Wang Q, Niu L, Deng J, Yu J, Zhang J X Wang Y, et al. Molecular cloning, characterization, and bioactivity analysis of interleukin 18 in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Genet Mol Res. 2014;13:9687-700 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, we cloned and identified a homolog of IL-18 in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) (designated as AmIL-18) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide...
  38. Zhang Y, Wang S, Miao Y, Li W, Zhang Q, Li F, et al. Isolation, molecular cloning, and characterization of a novel porcine lymphotoxin beta receptor gene. Genet Mol Res. 2014;13:9766-76 pubmed publisher
    ..9, 82.4, 81.3, 80.5, 78.7, 74.6, and 73.0% identity with those of Equus caballus, Canis lupus, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Oryctolagus cuniculus, Bos taurus, Mus musculus, and Homo sapiens, respectively...
  39. Li G, Song H, Altigani L, Zheng X, Bu S. Changes of foraging patch selection and utilization by a giant panda after bamboo flowering. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:16418-16428 pubmed publisher
    The bamboo flowering leads to the habitat fragmentation and food quality decline of a giant panda. Few empirical research has been conducted about the giant panda's response to the bamboo flowering...
  40. Jiang J, Tun H, Mauroo N, Ma A, Chan S, Leung F. Complete genome sequence and comparative genome analysis of Klebsiella oxytoca HKOPL1 isolated from giant panda feces. BMC Res Notes. 2014;7:827 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is an endangered species well-known for ingesting bamboo as a major part of their diet despite the fact that it belongs to order Carnivora...
  41. Wang T, Chen Z, Xie Y, Hou R, Wu Q, Gu X, et al. Prevalence and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in Sichuan province, China. Parasit Vectors. 2015;8:344 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study revealed the existence of C. andersoni in both captive and wild giant panda fecal samples for the first time, and also provided useful fundamental data for further research on the ..
  42. Wang J, Liu Y, Sun Y, Ge W, Wang Y, Dyce P, et al. Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Stimulates the Proliferation of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0137712 pubmed publisher
    It has been widely known that the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the most endangered species in the world...
  43. Wang C, Long K, Jin L, Huang S, Li D, Ma X, et al. Identification of conserved microRNAs in peripheral blood from giant panda: expression of mammary gland-related microRNAs during late pregnancy and early lactation. Genet Mol Res. 2015;14:14216-28 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is one of the world's most endangered mammals, and it has evolved several unusual biological and behavioral traits...
  44. Zou W, Li C, Yang X, Wang Y, Cheng G, Zeng J, et al. Frequency of antimicrobial resistance and integron gene cassettes in Escherichia coli isolated from giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in China. Microb Pathog. 2018;116:173-179 pubmed publisher
    ..as a common opportunistic pathogen, which causes seriously intestinal infections to giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and other animals...
  45. Ma B, Lei S, Qing Q, Wen Y. Should the Endangered Status of the Giant Panda Really Be Reduced? The Case of Giant Panda Conservation in Sichuan, China. Animals (Basel). 2018;8: pubmed publisher
    The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) reduced the threat status of the giant panda from “endangered” to “vulnerable” in September 2016...
  46. Cai Z, An J, Liu Y, Yie S, Zhang Y, Li F, et al. Single layer centrifugation improves the quality of frozen-thawed sperm of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Anim Reprod Sci. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..Two colloids were compared for post-thaw giant panda sperm preparation; the sperm samples had greater total motility (Colloid 1: 44.5?±?16.0%, Colloid 2: 42...
  47. Zhu L, Yang Z, Yao R, Xu L, Chen H, Gu X, et al. Potential Mechanism of Detoxification of Cyanide Compounds by Gut Microbiomes of Bamboo-Eating Pandas. mSphere. 2018;3: pubmed publisher
    ..b>IMPORTANCE The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and red panda (Ailurus fulgens), two obligate bamboo feeders, have distinct phylogenetic ..
  48. Xie Y, Zhou X, Zhang Z, Wang C, Sun Y, Liu T, et al. Absence of genetic structure in Baylisascaris schroederi populations, a giant panda parasite, determined by mitochondrial sequencing. Parasit Vectors. 2014;7:606 pubmed publisher
    ..schroederi isolates, which were individually collected from ten geographical regions located in three important giant panda habitats in China (Minshan, Qionglai and Qinling mountain ranges)...
  49. Che T, Wang C, Jin L, Wei M, Wu K, Zhang Y, et al. Estimation of the growth curve and heritability of the growth rate for giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) cubs. Genet Mol Res. 2015;14:2322-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Giant panda cubs have a low survival rate during the newborn and early growth stages. However, the growth and developmental parameters of giant panda cubs during the early lactation stage (from birth to 6 months) are not well known...
  50. Nagappa M, Sinha S, Saini J, Kallolimath P, Singh N, Kumar A, et al. Non-Wilsonian hepatolenticular degeneration: Clinical and MRI observations in four families from south India. J Clin Neurosci. 2016;27:91-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Additional findings included giant cisterna magna (n=1), face of giant panda sign (n=1) and thin corpus callosum (n=1)...
  51. Xiong L, Ni X, Niu L, Zhou Y, Wang Q, Khalique A, et al. Isolation and Preliminary Screening of a Weissella confusa Strain from Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..However, the probiotic properties of W. confusa isolated from giant panda remain unreported to date. Thus, this study isolated a W...
  52. Brinckmann J, Luo W, Xu Q, He X, Wu J, Cunningham A. Sustainable harvest, people and pandas: Assessing a decade of managed wild harvest and trade in Schisandra sphenanthera. J Ethnopharmacol. 2018;224:522-534 pubmed publisher
    ..Endemic to China, the distribution of Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder & E.H. Wilson includes giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca David, 1869) habitats in forests of the Minshan and Qinling Mountains, both inside and outside ..
  53. Xue Z, Zhang W, Wang L, Hou R, Zhang M, Fei L, et al. The bamboo-eating giant panda harbors a carnivore-like gut microbiota, with excessive seasonal variations. MBio. 2015;6:e00022-15 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda evolved from omnivorous bears. It lives on a bamboo-dominated diet at present, but it still retains a typical carnivorous digestive system and is genetically deficient in cellulose-digesting enzymes...
  54. Nie Y, Speakman J, Wu Q, Zhang C, Hu Y, Xia M, et al. ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY. Exceptionally low daily energy expenditure in the bamboo-eating giant panda. Science. 2015;349:171-4 pubmed publisher
    The carnivoran giant panda has a specialized bamboo diet, to which its alimentary tract is poorly adapted. Measurements of daily energy expenditure across five captive and three wild pandas averaged 5.2 megajoules (MJ)/day, only 37...
  55. Prescott H, Manning C, Gardner A, Ritchie W, Pizzi R, Girling S, et al. Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) Buccal Mucosa Tissue as a Source of Multipotent Progenitor Cells. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0138840 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we aimed to isolate m-SKPs from cultured cells of three endangered species; giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca); red panda (Ailurus fulgens); and Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica)...
  56. Ma J, Wang C, Long K, Zhang H, Zhang J, Jin L, et al. Exosomal microRNAs in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) breast milk: potential maternal regulators for the development of newborn cubs. Sci Rep. 2017;7:3507 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we illustrated the expression characteristics of exosomal miRNAs in giant panda breast milk during distinct lactation periods and highlighted the enrichment of immune- and development-related ..
  57. Sheng G, Barlow A, Cooper A, Hou X, Ji X, Jablonski N, et al. Ancient DNA from Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) of South-Western China Reveals Genetic Diversity Loss during the Holocene. Genes (Basel). 2018;9: pubmed publisher
    The giant panda was widely distributed in China and south-eastern Asia during the middle to late Pleistocene, prior to its habitat becoming rapidly reduced in the Holocene...
  58. Liu Q, Ni X, Wang Q, Peng Z, Niu L, Xie M, et al. Investigation of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Giant Panda Feces for Potential Probiotics In Vitro. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019;11:85-91 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provided necessary and important theoretical guidance for further experiments on G83 in vivo. ..
  59. Wei F, Wang X, Wu Q. The giant panda gut microbiome. Trends Microbiol. 2015;23:450-2 pubmed publisher
    Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are bamboo specialists that evolved from carnivores. Their gut microbiota probably aids in the digestion of cellulose and this is considered an example of gut microbiota adaptation to a bamboo diet...
  60. Kersey D, Aitken Palmer C, Rivera S, Willis E, Liang L, Snyder R. The birth of a giant panda: Tracking the biological factors that successfully contribute to conception through to postnatal development. Theriogenology. 2016;85:671-7 pubmed publisher
    Reproducing giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) remains the most challenging aspect of managed care of this species...
  61. Huang J, Li Y, Du L, Yang B, Shen F, Zhang H, et al. Genome-wide survey and analysis of microsatellites in giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), with a focus on the applications of a novel microsatellite marker system. BMC Genomics. 2015;16:61 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a critically endangered species endemic to China...
  62. Li Y, Dai Q, Hou R, Zhang Z, Chen P, Xue R, et al. Giant pandas can discriminate the emotions of human facial pictures. Sci Rep. 2017;7:8437 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies have shown that giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) can discriminate face-like shapes, but little is known about their cognitive ability with respect to the emotional expressions of humans...
  63. Tian G, Zhao G, Du S, Hu X, Wang H, Zhang L, et al. First report of Enterocytozoon bieneusi from giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and red pandas (Ailurus fulgens) in China. Infect Genet Evol. 2015;34:32-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, 82 faecal specimens were collected from 46 giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and 36 red pandas (Ailurus fulgens) in the northwest of China...
  64. Tang Y, Jing L, Li H, Liu Q, Yan Q, Li X. Bamboo Classification Using WorldView-2 Imagery of Giant Panda Habitat in a Large Shaded Area in Wolong, Sichuan Province, China. Sensors (Basel). 2016;16: pubmed
    ..This study demonstrates that the WV-2 image can be used to identify small patches of understory bamboos given limited known samples, and the resulting bamboo distribution facilitates the assessments of the habitats of giant pandas. ..
  65. Ling S, Zhu Y, Lan D, Li D, Pang H, Wang Y, et al. Analysis of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COX2) gene in giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    The giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Ursidae), has a unique bamboo-based diet; however, this low-energy intake has been sufficient to maintain the metabolic processes of this species since the fourth ice age...
  66. Yang X, Cheng G, Li C, Yang J, Li J, Chen D, et al. The normal vaginal and uterine bacterial microbiome in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Microbiol Res. 2017;199:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..mammals by bacterial communities are widely known, there is a dearth of knowledge specifically in relation to giant panda microbiomes...
  67. Zhang D, Li G, Wang Y. A genome-wide identification and analysis of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors in cattle. Gene. 2017;626:241-250 pubmed publisher
    ..lists of BHLH family members have been identified in about 50 organisms, including fruit fly, zebrafish, mouse, giant panda, worm, yeast, rice and apple...
  68. Kang D, Wang X, Li S, Li J. Comparing the plant diversity between artificial forest and nature growth forest in a giant panda habitat. Sci Rep. 2017;7:3561 pubmed publisher
    ..is an important way to restore forests, but little is known about its effect on the habitat restoration of the giant panda. In the present study, we investigated the characteristics of artificial forest in the Wanglang Nature Reserve ..
  69. Zhang W, Yang S, Shan T, Hou R, Liu Z, Li W, et al. Virome comparisons in wild-diseased and healthy captive giant pandas. Microbiome. 2017;5:90 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a vulnerable mammal herbivore living wild in central China...
  70. Zhang M, Zhang Z, Li Z, Hong M, Zhou X, Zhou S, et al. Giant panda foraging and movement patterns in response to bamboo shoot growth. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:8636-8643 pubmed publisher
    ..The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is well-known as a bamboo specialist...
  71. Tagle D, Miyamoto M, Goodman M, Hofmann O, Braunitzer G, Göltenboth R, et al. Hemoglobin of pandas: phylogenetic relationships of carnivores as ascertained with protein sequence data. Naturwissenschaften. 1986;73:512-4 pubmed
  72. Hu Y, Wu Q, Ma S, Ma T, Shan L, Wang X, et al. Comparative genomics reveals convergent evolution between the bamboo-eating giant and red pandas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:1081-1086 pubmed publisher
    ..The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and red panda (Ailurus fulgens) belong to different families in the order Carnivora, but both have ..
  73. Li Y, Swaisgood R, Wei W, Nie Y, Hu Y, Yang X, et al. Withered on the stem: is bamboo a seasonally limiting resource for giant pandas?. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:10537-10546 pubmed publisher
    ..Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are reliant almost exclusively on bamboo which appears omnipresent in most occupied habitat, but subtle ..
  74. Fu L, Hou Y, Ding X, Du Y, Zhu H, Zhang N, et al. Molecular cloning, overexpression, purification, and sequence analysis of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) ferritin light polypeptide. Genet Mol Res. 2016;15: pubmed publisher
    The complementary DNA (cDNA) of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) ferritin light polypeptide (FTL) gene was successfully cloned using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technology...
  75. Wang H, Zhong H, Hou R, Ayala J, Liu G, Yuan S, et al. A Diet Diverse in Bamboo Parts is Important for Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) Metabolism and Health. Sci Rep. 2017;7:3377 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to determine the metabolic response in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) to the consumption of certain parts of bamboo above ground growth...
  76. Chen D, Li C, Feng L, Zhang Z, Zhang H, Cheng G, et al. Analysis of the influence of living environment and age on vaginal fungal microbiome in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) by high throughput sequencing. Microb Pathog. 2018;115:280-286 pubmed publisher
    ..05). These data that has been collected from this research will be helpful for further study to improve the reproductive status of giant pandas. ..
  77. Zheng Y, Chen Y, Maltby L, Jin X. Highway increases concentrations of toxic metals in giant panda habitat. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:21262-21272 pubmed
    The Qinling panda subspecies (Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis) is highly endangered with fewer than 350 individuals inhabiting the Qinling Mountains...
  78. Chen Y, Zheng Y, Liu Q, Ellison A, Zhao Y, Ma Q. PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers) pose a risk to captive giant pandas. Environ Pollut. 2017;226:174-181 pubmed publisher
    The Qinling subspecies of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis), is highly endangered; fewer than 350 individuals still inhabit Qinling Mountains...
  79. Song X, Shen F, Huang J, Huang Y, Du L, Wang C, et al. Transcriptome-Derived Tetranucleotide Microsatellites and Their Associated Genes from the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). J Hered. 2016;107:423-30 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the transcriptome-derived SSRs for giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) are not yet available...
  80. Basler N, Xenikoudakis G, Westbury M, Song L, Sheng G, Barlow A. Reduction of the contaminant fraction of DNA obtained from an ancient giant panda bone. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10:754 pubmed publisher
    ..and systematic series of experiments applied to a single ancient bone fragment from a giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Bleach and pre-digestion treatments increased the endogenous DNA content up to ninefold...
  81. Xie Y, Hoberg E, Yang Z, Urban J, Yang G. Ancylostoma ailuropodae n. sp. (Nematoda: Ancylostomatidae), a new hookworm parasite isolated from wild giant pandas in Southwest China. Parasit Vectors. 2017;10:277 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we describe a previously unrecognized species of hookworm in the genus Ancylostoma in the giant panda, including criteria for morphological and molecular characterization...
  82. Zhang W, Liu W, Hou R, Zhang L, Schmitz Esser S, Sun H, et al. Age-associated microbiome shows the giant panda lives on hemicelluloses, not on cellulose. ISME J. 2018;12:1319-1328 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda feeds almost exclusively on bamboo, a diet highly enriched in lignin and cellulose, but is characterized by a digestive tract similar to carnivores...
  83. Weng Z, Liu Z, Ritchie R, Jiao D, Li D, Wu H, et al. Giant panda׳s tooth enamel: Structure, mechanical behavior and toughening mechanisms under indentation. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2016;64:125-38 pubmed publisher
    The giant panda׳s teeth possess remarkable load-bearing capacity and damage resistance for masticating bamboos...
  84. Wu Q, Wang X, Ding Y, Hu Y, Nie Y, Wei W, et al. Seasonal variation in nutrient utilization shapes gut microbiome structure and function in wild giant pandas. Proc Biol Sci. 2017;284: pubmed publisher
    ..An association between this usage pattern and variation in the giant panda gut microbiome remains unknown...
  85. Xu W, Viña A, Kong L, Pimm S, Zhang J, Yang W, et al. Reassessing the conservation status of the giant panda using remote sensing. Nat Ecol Evol. 2017;1:1635-1638 pubmed publisher
    The conservation status of the iconic giant panda is a barometer of global conservation efforts. The IUCN Red List has downgraded the panda's extinction risk from "endangered" to "vulnerable"...
  86. Li R, Xu M, Powers R, Zhao F, Jetz W, Wen H, et al. Quantifying the evidence for co-benefits between species conservation and climate change mitigation in giant panda habitats. Sci Rep. 2017;7:12705 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we present the first rigorous quantitative assessment of the roles of giant panda nature reserves (NRs) in carbon sequestration, and explore the co-benefits of habitat conservation and climate ..
  87. Segal N. Musical Interests and Talent: Twin Jazz Musicians and Twin Studies/Twin Research: Loss of a Preterm Multiple; Conjoined Twin Conception; Depression in Fathers of Twins; Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome/Twin News: High-Achieving Twins; Twin Children . Twin Res Hum Genet. 2017;:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..female twins with nearly identical academic standing, tennis star Roger Federer's two sets of identical twin children, surgical separation of craniopagus conjoined twins, and the rare delivery of twins to a 23-year-old giant panda.
  88. Shan L, Wu Q, Wang L, Zhang L, Wei F. Lineage-specific evolution of bitter taste receptor genes in the giant and red pandas implies dietary adaptation. Integr Zool. 2018;13:152-159 pubmed publisher
    ..It is believed that these genes evolved in response to species-specific diets. The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and red panda (Ailurus fulgens styani) in the order Carnivora are specialized herbivores with an almost ..
  89. Wintle N, Martin Wintle M, Zhou X, Zhang H. Blood Lead Levels in Captive Giant Pandas. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2018;100:59-63 pubmed publisher
    Fifteen giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) from the Chinese Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda (CCRCGP) in Bifengxia, Sichuan, China were analyzed for blood lead concentrations (Pb-B) during the 2017 breeding season...
  90. Kang D, Li J. Role of nature reserves in giant panda protection. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:4474-4478 pubmed publisher
    Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a flagship species in nature conservation of the world; to protect this species, 67 nature reserves have been established in China...
  91. McKENNEY E, Maslanka M, Rodrigo A, Yoder A. Bamboo Specialists from Two Mammalian Orders (Primates, Carnivora) Share a High Number of Low-Abundance Gut Microbes. Microb Ecol. 2018;76:272-284 pubmed publisher
    ..in three bamboo specialists-the bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus, Primates: Lemuridae), giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Carnivora: Ursidae), and red panda (Ailurus fulgens, Carnivora: Musteloideadae), as well as two ..
  92. Eronen J, Zohdy S, Evans A, Tecot S, Wright P, Jernvall J. Feeding Ecology and Morphology Make a Bamboo Specialist Vulnerable to Climate Change. Curr Biol. 2017;27:3384-3389.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..Only two mammals, the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in Asia and the greater bamboo lemur (Prolemur simus) in Madagascar, consume the nutritionally poor and ..