Atlantic salmon


Alias: Salmo salar, Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758

Top Publications

  1. Grimholt U. Transport-associated proteins in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Immunogenetics. 1997;46:213-21 pubmed
    ..Here we report two expressed Sasa-TAP2 loci, both of which are polymorphic, as well as an expressed Sasa-TAP1 locus from Atlantic salmon. The Sasa-TAP2A locus has a genomic organization similar to the human TAP2 equivalent.
  2. Carmona Antoñanzas G, Tocher D, Taggart J, Leaver M. An evolutionary perspective on Elovl5 fatty acid elongase: comparison of Northern pike and duplicated paralogs from Atlantic salmon. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:85 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Atlantic salmon, as a result of a recently duplicated genome, have more of these enzymes than other fish...
  3. Nagasawa K, Fernandes J, Yoshizaki G, Miwa M, Babiak I. Identification and migration of primordial germ cells in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar: characterization of vasa, dead end, and lymphocyte antigen 75 genes. Mol Reprod Dev. 2013;80:118-31 pubmed publisher
    ..primordial germ cells (PGCs) in the super-order Protacanthopterygii, which includes the Salmonidae family and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), one of the most commercially important aquatic animals worldwide...
  4. Lilleeng E, Penn M, Haugland O, Xu C, Bakke A, Krogdahl A, et al. Decreased expression of TGF-beta, GILT and T-cell markers in the early stages of soybean enteropathy in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;27:65-72 pubmed publisher
    ..genes potentially involved in the induction of soybean meal (SBM) enteropathy in the distal intestine (DI) of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)...
  5. Arukwe A. Modulation of brain steroidogenesis by affecting transcriptional changes of steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein and cholesterol side chain cleavage (P450scc) in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a novel aspect of nonylphenol toxicit. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:9791-8 pubmed
    ..and CYP3A) have been investigated in waterborne nonylphenol (5, 15, and 50 microg/ L) treated juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), in addition to carrier vehicle (ethanol) exposed fish, sampled at different time intervals (0, ..
  6. Yadetie F, Arukwe A, Goks yr A, Male R. Induction of hepatic estrogen receptor in juvenile Atlantic salmon in vivo by the environmental estrogen, 4-nonylphenol. Sci Total Environ. 1999;233:201-10 pubmed
    ..expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), vitellogenin (Vtg) and zona radiata protein (Zrp) genes in juvenile Atlantic salmon liver...
  7. Kleveland E, Syvertsen B, Ruyter B, Vegusdal A, J rgensen S, Gj en T. Characterization of scavenger receptor class B, type I in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Lipids. 2006;41:1017-27 pubmed
    ..We therefore wanted to study this receptor in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), which requires a diet with particular high lipid content...
  8. Skjaeveland I, Iliev D, Zou J, J rgensen T, J rgensen J. A TLR9 homolog that is up-regulated by IFN-gamma in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32:603-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe the cloning and regulation of a TLR9 gene from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  9. Kr vel A, S fteland L, Torstensen B, Olsvik P. Endosulfan in vitro toxicity in Atlantic salmon hepatocytes obtained from fish fed either fish oil or vegetable oil. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2010;151:175-86 pubmed publisher
    ..The main aim of this study was to see if the fatty acid composition of primary hepatocytes isolated from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...

More Information

Publications154 found, 100 shown here

  1. Tsoi S, Ewart K, Penny S, Melville K, Liebscher R, Brown L, et al. Identification of immune-relevant genes from atlantic salmon using suppression subtractive hybridization. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2004;6:199-214 pubmed
    ..between an invading microorganism and its host, we have investigated differential gene expression in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) experimentally infected with the pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida, the causative agent of ..
  2. Lagos L, Iliev D, Helland R, Rosemblatt M, J rgensen J. CD40L--a costimulatory molecule involved in the maturation of antigen presenting cells in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Dev Comp Immunol. 2012;38:416-30 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper reports the identification and functional characterization of CD40L and CD40 from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  3. Hordvik I, Voie A, Glette J, Male R, Endresen C. Cloning and sequence analysis of two isotypic IgM heavy chain genes from Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Eur J Immunol. 1992;22:2957-62 pubmed publisher
    A leukocyte cDNA library from Atlantic salmon, based on oligo-dT priming, was constructed in lambda-gt10...
  4. R kenes T, Larsen R, Robertsen B. Atlantic salmon ISG15: Expression and conjugation to cellular proteins in response to interferon, double-stranded RNA and virus infections. Mol Immunol. 2007;44:950-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work we describe a 17.3 kDa ISG15 orthologue in Atlantic salmon (AsISG15) with characteristic features of ISG15 proteins including tandem ubiquitin-homology domains and a ..
  5. Bower N, Li X, Taylor R, Johnston I. Switching to fast growth: the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in skeletal muscle of Atlantic salmon. J Exp Biol. 2008;211:3859-70 pubmed publisher
    ..growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 and IGFBP-related protein 1 (IGFBP-rP1) of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). We also report the characterisation of two gene paralogues of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5...
  6. Murashita K, Kurokawa T, Nilsen T, R nnestad I. Ghrelin, cholecystokinin, and peptide YY in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): molecular cloning and tissue expression. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;160:223-35 pubmed publisher
    ..GI) peptide hormones, ghrelin (GHRL), cholecystokinin (CCK), and peptide YY (PYY) genes were identified in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar...
  7. Wagner A, Deryckere F, McMorrow T, Gannon F. Tail-to-tail orientation of the Atlantic salmon alpha- and beta-globin genes. J Mol Evol. 1994;38:28-35 pubmed
    We report the cloning of a cDNA and two corresponding beta-globin genes of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) as well as two genes for alpha-globins...
  8. Ingerslev H, Cunningham C, Wergeland H. Cloning and expression of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and COX-2 in an anadromous and landlocked strain of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) during the smolting period. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2006;20:450-61 pubmed publisher
    ..cells and tissues during this period using an anadromous and a landlocked freshwater resident dwarf strain of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)...
  9. Lauksund S, Svingerud T, Bergan V, Robertsen B. Atlantic salmon IPS-1 mediates induction of IFNa1 and activation of NF-kappaB and localizes to mitochondria. Dev Comp Immunol. 2009;33:1196-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous work has shown that expression of both Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) IFNa1 and mammalian IFN-beta genes is dependent on IRF and NF-kappaB elements in their ..
  10. Chang C, Zhang Y, Zou J, Nie P, Secombes C. Two cathelicidin genes are present in both rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006;50:185-95 pubmed publisher
    ..rainbow trout rtCATH_1 gene, this paper describes three more cathelicidin genes found in salmonids: two in Atlantic salmon, named asCATH_1 and asCATH_2, and one in rainbow trout, named rtCATH_2...
  11. Tsoi S, Park K, Kay H, O Brien T, Podor E, Sun G, et al. Identification of a transcript encoding a soluble form of toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) in Atlantic salmon during Aeromonas salmonicida infection. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2006;109:183-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A novel transcript corresponding to a portion of a soluble TLR was identified in liver of infected Atlantic salmon. The complete coding sequence of this TLR was obtained and BLASTN analysis showed the highest sequence ..
  12. Kleveland E, Ruyter B, Vegusdal A, Sundvold H, Berge R, Gj en T. Effects of 3-thia fatty acids on expression of some lipid related genes in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2006;145:239-48 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of in vivo administration of 3-thia fatty acids (FAs) on lipid metabolism in muscle and liver of Atlantic salmon were investigated...
  13. Huang T, Olsvik P, Kr vel A, Tung H, Torstensen B. Stress-induced expression of protein disulfide isomerase associated 3 (PDIA3) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:435-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report the cloning of a coding region of PDIA3 from the Atlantic salmon. PDIA3 mRNA expression was evaluated in the liver of Atlantic salmon exposed to environmental hyperoxia ..
  14. Fernandes J, Macqueen D, Lee H, Johnston I. Genomic, evolutionary, and expression analyses of cee, an ancient gene involved in normal growth and development. Genomics. 2008;91:315-25 pubmed publisher
    ..02-0.09) indicate that the Cee protein is under strong purifying selection. In Atlantic salmon, cee is expressed in the superficial layers of developing organs and tissues...
  15. Tipsmark C, Kiilerich P, Nilsen T, Ebbesson L, Stefansson S, Madsen S. Branchial expression patterns of claudin isoforms in Atlantic salmon during seawater acclimation and smoltification. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008;294:R1563-74 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified Atlantic salmon genes belonging to the claudin family by screening expressed sequence tag libraries available at NCBI, and ..
  16. Tacchi L, Bickerdike R, Secombes C, Pooley N, Urquhart K, Collet B, et al. Ubiquitin E3 ligase atrogin-1 (Fbox-32) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): sequence analysis, genomic structure and modulation of expression. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;157:364-73 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study atrogin-1 (Fbox-32), a major E3 ligase in muscle, has been characterized in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  17. Consuegra S, Megens H, Leon K, Stet R, Jordan W. Patterns of variability at the major histocompatibility class II alpha locus in Atlantic salmon contrast with those at the class I locus. Immunogenetics. 2005;57:16-24 pubmed publisher
    ..major histocompatibility (MH) class II alpha (DAA) locus we examined patterns of polymorphism in two isolated Atlantic salmon populations which share a common post-glacial origin...
  18. Moore L, Somamoto T, Lie K, Dijkstra J, Hordvik I. Characterisation of salmon and trout CD8alpha and CD8beta. Mol Immunol. 2005;42:1225-34 pubmed publisher
    The genes and corresponding cDNAs of both alpha and beta chains of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) CD8 molecule have been sequenced and characterized...
  19. Takle H, McLeod A, Andersen O. Cloning and characterization of the executioner caspases 3, 6, 7 and Hsp70 in hyperthermic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) embryos. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2006;144:188-98 pubmed publisher
    Hyperthermia during embryogenesis has been reported to induce deformities in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  20. Monroig O, Zheng X, Morais S, Leaver M, Taggart J, Tocher D. Multiple genes for functional 6 fatty acyl desaturases (Fad) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): gene and cDNA characterization, functional expression, tissue distribution and nutritional regulation. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010;1801:1072-81 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Atlantic salmon are able to synthesize EPA and DHA from 18:3n-3 through reactions catalyzed by fatty acyl desaturases (Fad) ..
  21. Bergan V, Kileng y, Sun B, Robertsen B. Regulation and function of interferon regulatory factors of Atlantic salmon. Mol Immunol. 2010;47:2005-14 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore cloned the coding sequence of Atlantic salmon (As) IRF1, IRF2, IRF3 and IRF7B...
  22. Yl nen A, Rinne A, Herttuainen J, Bogwald J, J rvinen M, Kalkkinen N. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) skin contains a novel kininogen and another cysteine proteinase inhibitor. Eur J Biochem. 1999;266:1066-72 pubmed
    We describe the purification and characterization of two novel cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in Atlantic salmon skin...
  23. Rise M, von Schalburg K, Brown G, Mawer M, Devlin R, Kuipers N, et al. Development and application of a salmonid EST database and cDNA microarray: data mining and interspecific hybridization characteristics. Genome Res. 2004;14:478-90 pubmed
    We report 80,388 ESTs from 23 Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) cDNA libraries (61,819 ESTs), 6 rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cDNA libraries (14,544 ESTs), 2 chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) cDNA libraries (1317 ESTs), 2 ..
  24. Olsvik P, Lie K, Jordal A, Nilsen T, Hordvik I. Evaluation of potential reference genes in real-time RT-PCR studies of Atlantic salmon. BMC Mol Biol. 2005;6:21 pubmed
    ..The stability of six potential reference genes was examined in eight tissues of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), to determine the most suitable genes to be used in quantitative real-time RT-PCR analyses...
  25. Meucci V, Arukwe A. Transcriptional modulation of brain and hepatic estrogen receptor and P450arom isotypes in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) after waterborne exposure to the xenoestrogen, 4-nonylphenol. Aquat Toxicol. 2006;77:167-77 pubmed publisher
    ..These responses should be evaluated in parallel with plasma protein biomarkers such as Vtg and Zr-proteins...
  26. Wolff J, Gannon F. cDNA and deduced amino acid sequence of the Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon) adult hemoglobin alpha chain. Nucleic Acids Res. 1989;17:4369 pubmed
  27. Robertsen B, Trobridge G, Leong J. Molecular cloning of double-stranded RNA inducible Mx genes from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Dev Comp Immunol. 1997;21:397-412 pubmed
    ..In this work Mx genes in Atlantic salmon were studied using the double stranded RNA, polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), to induce interferon ..
  28. Liu Y, Moore L, Koppang E, Hordvik I. Characterization of the CD3zeta, CD3gammadelta and CD3epsilon subunits of the T cell receptor complex in Atlantic salmon. Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32:26-35 pubmed publisher
    ..We report here cDNAs and corresponding genes encoding CD3zeta, CD3gammadelta and CD3epsilon in Atlantic salmon, and real-time RT-PCR analysis to reveal their tissue-specific expression...
  29. Lock E, Ornsrud R, Aksnes L, Spanings F, Waagb R, Flik G. The vitamin D receptor and its ligand 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). J Endocrinol. 2007;193:459-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The onset of these dynamic changes in FW parr warrants a further search for the endocrines that initiate these changes. We speculate that the vitamin D system plays a crucial role in calcium and phosphorus handling in Atlantic salmon.
  30. Todorcević M, Vegusdal A, Gjøen T, Sundvold H, Torstensen B, Kjaer M, et al. Changes in fatty acids metabolism during differentiation of Atlantic salmon preadipocytes; effects of n-3 and n-9 fatty acids. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008;1781:326-35 pubmed publisher
    b>Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) preadipocytes, isolated from visceral adipose tissue, differentiate from an unspecialized fibroblast like cell type to mature adipocytes filled with lipid droplets in culture...
  31. Strandskog G, Skjaeveland I, Ellingsen T, J rgensen J. Double-stranded RNA- and CpG DNA-induced immune responses in Atlantic salmon: comparison and synergies. Vaccine. 2008;26:4704-15 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the outcome of stimulating Atlantic salmon with CpG DNA and poly I:C, ligands for TLR9 and 3, respectively, we have measured the in vivo expression of ..
  32. Skjaeveland I, Iliev D, Strandskog G, J rgensen J. Identification and characterization of TLR8 and MyD88 homologs in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Dev Comp Immunol. 2009;33:1011-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe the cloning of a TLR8 homolog in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and its proximal adaptor protein MyD88...
  33. McMorrow T, Wagner A, Deryckere F, Gannon F. Structural organization and sequence analysis of the globin locus in Atlantic salmon. DNA Cell Biol. 1996;15:407-14 pubmed publisher
    Preliminary analysis of Atlantic salmon alpha- and beta-globin genes indicated that these genes are linked in a 3' to 3' orientation, with the RNA-coding sequences located on opposite strands...
  34. Hansson M, Wittzell H, Persson K, von Schantz T. Characterization of two distinct aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR2) genes in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and evidence for multiple AhR2 gene lineages in salmonid fish. Gene. 2003;303:197-206 pubmed
    ..Here we describe the isolation and complete characterization of the first two AhR genes from the teleost fish Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  35. Robertsen B, Bergan V, Røkenes T, Larsen R, Albuquerque A. Atlantic salmon interferon genes: cloning, sequence analysis, expression, and biological activity. J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2003;23:601-12 pubmed
    In this work, we report cDNA cloning of two type I interferons (IFNs) from the head kidney of Atlantic salmon, called SasaIFN-alpha1 (829 bp) and SasaIFN-alpha2 (1290 bp)...
  36. Dukes J, Deaville R, Gottelli D, Neigel J, Bruford M, Jordan W. Isolation and characterisation of main olfactory and vomeronasal receptor gene families from the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Gene. 2006;371:257-67 pubmed publisher
    The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) has been widely used as a model species in studies of olfactory signal transduction and processing...
  37. Lukacs M, Harstad H, Grimholt U, Beetz Sargent M, Cooper G, Reid L, et al. Genomic organization of duplicated major histocompatibility complex class I regions in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BMC Genomics. 2007;8:251 pubmed
    ..major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and resistance towards bacterial and viral pathogens in Atlantic salmon. To evaluate if only MHC or also closely linked genes contributed to the observed resistance we ventured into ..
  38. Zheng X, Leaver M, Tocher D. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis in fish: Comparative analysis of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) Delta6 fatty acyl desaturase gene promoters. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;154:255-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Progressive deletions and targeted mutations of the promoters were tested for activity in a transfected Atlantic salmon (AS) cell line under low or high LC-PUFA treatment, and regions sufficient to direct transcription were ..
  39. Hevr y E, Azpeleta C, Shimizu M, Lanz n A, Kaiya H, Espe M, et al. Effects of short-term starvation on ghrelin, GH-IGF system, and IGF-binding proteins in Atlantic salmon. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2011;37:217-32 pubmed publisher
    The effects of short-time fasting on appetite, growth, and nutrient were studied in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts...
  40. Marjara I, Chikwati E, Valen E, Krogdahl A, Bakke A. Transcriptional regulation of IL-17A and other inflammatory markers during the development of soybean meal-induced enteropathy in the distal intestine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Cytokine. 2012;60:186-96 pubmed publisher
    Progression of soybean meal (SBM)-induced enteropathy in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) distal intestine (DI) was studied to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms and immune responses...
  41. Macqueen D, García de la serrana D, Johnston I. Evolution of ancient functions in the vertebrate insulin-like growth factor system uncovered by study of duplicated salmonid fish genomes. Mol Biol Evol. 2013;30:1060-76 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates that relatively recent gene family expansion can facilitate inference of functional evolution within ancient genetic systems. ..
  42. Kvingedal A, R rvik K, Alestr m P. Cloning and characterization of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) serum transferrin cDNA. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol. 1993;2:233-8 pubmed
    Characterization of Atlantic salmon serum transferrin cDNA representing a near full-length transferrin mRNA revealed a 2,070-bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 690 amino acids...
  43. Olonen A, Kalkkinen N, Paulin L. A new type of cysteine proteinase inhibitor--the salarin gene from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). Biochimie. 2003;85:677-81 pubmed
    ..It is a strong inhibitor of cysteine proteinases. Here we characterised the salarin gene from Atlantic salmon and cDNA from Arctic charr. The salarin gene has 13 exons and 1026 bp long coding sequence...
  44. Lindenstr m T, Sigh J, Dalgaard M, Buchmann K. Skin expression of IL-1beta in East Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., highly susceptible to Gyrodactylus salaris infection is enhanced compared to a low susceptibility Baltic stock. J Fish Dis. 2006;29:123-8 pubmed publisher
  45. Macqueen D, Robb D, Johnston I. Temperature influences the coordinated expression of myogenic regulatory factors during embryonic myogenesis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). J Exp Biol. 2007;210:2781-94 pubmed publisher
    Potential molecular mechanisms regulating developmental plasticity to temperature were investigated in Atlantic salmon embryos (Salmo salar L.)...
  46. Warren I, Ciborowski K, Casadei E, Hazlerigg D, Martin S, Jordan W, et al. Extensive local gene duplication and functional divergence among paralogs in Atlantic salmon. Genome Biol Evol. 2014;6:1790-805 pubmed publisher
    ..The life-cycle of the Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, depends on the ability to produce alternating phenotypes from the same genome, to facilitate ..
  47. Murphy M, Harte T, McInerney J, Smith T. Molecular cloning of an Atlantic salmon nucleoside diphosphate kinase cDNA and its pattern of expression during embryogenesis. Gene. 2000;257:139-48 pubmed
    To gain insight into the process of development in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), we sought to identify genes that were differentially expressed at gastrulation...
  48. Meucci V, Arukwe A. The xenoestrogen 4-nonylphenol modulates hepatic gene expression of pregnane X receptor, aryl hydrocarbon receptor, CYP3A and CYP1A1 in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2006;142:142-50 pubmed
    ..and eggshell proteins, also modulates hepatic CYP3A- and CYP1A1-mediated enzyme activities in juvenile Atlantic salmon. Given the potential for indirect actions of nonylphenol on xenobiotic and steroid metabolism, studies were ..
  49. Andersen i, Aas T, Skugor S, Takle H, van Nes S, Grisdale Helland B, et al. Purine-induced expression of urate oxidase and enzyme activity in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Cloning of urate oxidase liver cDNA from three teleost species and the African lungfish Protopterus annectens. FEBS J. 2006;273:2839-50 pubmed publisher
    ..the first published sequences of fish urate oxidase, which were predicted from PCR amplified liver cDNAs of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) and African lungfish ..
  50. Jørgensen S, Grimholt U, Gjøen T. Cloning and expression analysis of an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) tapasin gene. Dev Comp Immunol. 2007;31:708-19 pubmed
    ..To expand our knowledge on antigen presentation genes in Atlantic salmon, we isolated a full-length salmon tapasin cDNA sequence (Sasa-TAPBP)...
  51. Collet B, Bain N, Prevost S, Besinque G, McBeath A, Snow M, et al. Isolation of an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) signal transducer and activator of transcription STAT1 gene: kinetics of expression upon ISAV or IPNV infection. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2008;25:861-7 pubmed publisher
  52. Murashita K, Kurokawa T, Ebbesson L, Stefansson S, R nnestad I. Characterization, tissue distribution, and regulation of agouti-related protein (AgRP), cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2009;162:160-71 pubmed publisher
    ..control of appetite in vertebrates were identified, their genes characterized and their regulation studied in Atlantic salmon: two agouti-related proteins (AgRP), cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and neuropeptide Y (..
  53. Cruz Garcia L, Minghetti M, Navarro I, Tocher D. Molecular cloning, tissue expression and regulation of liver X receptor (LXR) transcription factors of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2009;153:81-8 pubmed publisher
  54. Kumari J, Bogwald J, Dalmo R. Transcription factor GATA-3 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): molecular characterization, promoter activity and expression analysis. Mol Immunol. 2009;46:3099-107 pubmed publisher
    ..We have identified and characterized the full-length Atlantic salmon GATA-3 cDNA (3074bp), having two zinc finger domains which are fully conserved within teleosts and higher ..
  55. Ytteborg E, Torgersen J, Pedersen M, Baeverfjord G, Hannesson K, Takle H. Remodeling of the notochord during development of vertebral fusions in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Cell Tissue Res. 2010;342:363-76 pubmed publisher
    Histological characterization of spinal fusions in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) has demonstrated shape alterations of vertebral body endplates, a reduced intervertebral space, and replacement of intervertebral cells by ectopic bone...
  56. Zhang Z, Chi H, Niu C, B gwald J, Dalmo R. Molecular cloning and characterization of Foxp3 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2011;30:902-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report cloning and characterization of the full-length cDNA of Atlantic salmon Foxp3, which possesses a Forkhead domain, a zinc finger domain and a leucine-zipper domain as its counterpart ..
  57. Svingerud T, Solstad T, Sun B, Nyrud M, Kileng y, Greiner Tollersrud L, et al. Atlantic salmon type I IFN subtypes show differences in antiviral activity and cell-dependent expression: evidence for high IFNb/IFNc-producing cells in fish lymphoid tissues. J Immunol. 2012;189:5912-23 pubmed publisher
    ..type I IFNs, IFNa and IFNd, and the four-cysteine-containing IFNb and IFNc in antiviral immunity of Atlantic salmon. IFNa and IFNc showed similar antiviral activities and ability to induce antiviral genes, IFNb was less ..
  58. Kumari J, B gwald J, Dalmo R. Eomesodermin of atlantic salmon: an important regulator of cytolytic gene and interferon gamma expression in spleen lymphocytes. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e55893 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we have identified and characterized the full-length Atlantic salmon Eomes cDNA (2477 bp)...
  59. Lindstr m C, van D T, Hordvik I, Endresen C, Elsayed S. Cloning of two distinct cDNAs encoding parvalbumin, the major allergen of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Scand J Immunol. 1996;44:335-44 pubmed
    ..In the present communication, the white muscle parvalbumin was similarly found to be a major allergen in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, Sal sl)...
  60. Gotensparre S, Andersson E, Wargelius A, Hansen T, Johnston I. Insight into the complex genetic network of tetraploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): description of multiple novel Pax-7 splice variants. Gene. 2006;373:8-15 pubmed publisher
    ..factor 7 (Pax-7) cDNA was isolated from the skeletal muscle and brain of alevin and adult stages of Atlantic salmon, identifying 10 variants categorised as novel or established insertions (ins) or deletions (del)...
  61. Byrnes L, Gannon F. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) serum albumin: cDNA sequence, evolution, and tissue expression. DNA Cell Biol. 1990;9:647-55 pubmed publisher
    b>Atlantic salmon serum albumin is one of the most abundant proteins in salmon liver, representing 1.6% of all clones in a cDNA library made from salmon liver RNA...
  62. Grimholt U, Drabløs F, Jørgensen S, Høyheim B, Stet R. The major histocompatibility class I locus in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): polymorphism, linkage analysis and protein modelling. Immunogenetics. 2002;54:570-81 pubmed
    A cDNA library screening using the conserved exon 4 of Atlantic salmon Mhc class I as probe provided the basis for a study on Mhc class I polymorphism in a breeding population...
  63. Kibenge M, Munir K, Kibenge F. Constitutive expression of Atlantic salmon Mx1 protein in CHSE-214 cells confers resistance to infectious salmon anaemia virus. Virol J. 2005;2:75 pubmed publisher
    Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a highly fatal viral disease affecting marine-farmed Atlantic salmon which is caused by ISA virus (ISAV), a fish orthomyxovirus that has recently been assigned to the new genus Isavirus within the ..
  64. Collins C, Olstad K, Sterud E, Jones C, Noble L, Mo T, et al. Isolation of a FIP2-like gene from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), found upregulated following infection with the monogenean parasite Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2007;22:282-8 pubmed publisher
  65. Kumari J, Larsen A, Bogwald J, Dalmo R. Interleukin-17D in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): molecular characterization, 3D modelling and promoter analysis. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2009;27:647-59 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we have cloned and characterized the full-length cDNA and genomic sequence of IL-17D from Atlantic salmon. The Atlantic salmon IL-17D (AsIL-17D) cDNA possessed an open reading frame of 621 bp encoding a putative ..
  66. Lukacs M, Harstad H, Bakke H, Beetz Sargent M, McKinnel L, Lubieniecki K, et al. Comprehensive analysis of MHC class I genes from the U-, S-, and Z-lineages in Atlantic salmon. BMC Genomics. 2010;11:154 pubmed publisher
    We have previously sequenced more than 500 kb of the duplicated MHC class I regions in Atlantic salmon. In the IA region we identified the loci for the MHC class I gene Sasa-UBA in addition to a soluble MHC class I molecule, Sasa-ULA...
  67. Skjesol A, Hansen T, Shi C, Thim H, J rgensen J. Structural and functional studies of STAT1 from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BMC Immunol. 2010;11:17 pubmed publisher
    ..The latter is also the transcriptional activation domain. A salmon (Salmo salar) STAT1 homologue, named ssSTAT1a, has been identified and was shown to be ubiquitously expressed in various ..
  68. Tacchi L, Bickerdike R, Secombes C, Martin S. Muscle-specific RING finger (MuRF) cDNAs in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and their role as regulators of muscle protein degradation. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2012;14:35-45 pubmed publisher
    ..MuRF1 cDNAs, denoted as MuRF1a, MuRF1b, and MuRF1c, and a single MuRF2 were identified and characterized in Atlantic salmon. The MuRF1 sequences are highly conserved and encode predicted proteins of 349, 350, and 353 amino acids, ..
  69. Engelund M, Chauvign F, Christensen B, Finn R, Cerd J, Madsen S. Differential expression and novel permeability properties of three aquaporin 8 paralogs from seawater-challenged Atlantic salmon smolts. J Exp Biol. 2013;216:3873-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we have characterized three full-length aqp8 paralogs from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  70. Klungland H, Lorens J, Andersen O, Kisen G, Alestr m P. The Atlantic salmon prepro-gonadotropin releasing hormone gene and mRNA. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1992;84:167-74 pubmed
    Screening for the gene encoding salmon gonadotropin releasing hormone (sGnRH) in an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) genomic library resulted in isolation of a positive clone designated lambda sGnRH-1...
  71. Hordvik I, De Vries Lindstr m C, Voie A, Lilybert A, Jacob J, Endresen C. Structure and organization of the immunoglobulin M heavy chain genes in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Mol Immunol. 1997;34:631-9 pubmed
    To determine the structure and organization of the germline immunoglobulin M heavy chain (IgH) genes in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, relevant clones from a genomic library (of one individual fish) have been characterized...
  72. Richards R, Hudson D, Thibault P, Ewart K. Cloning and characterization of the Atlantic salmon serum lectin, a long-form C-type lectin expressed in kidney. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003;1621:110-5 pubmed
    ..of four distinct cDNAs and a genomic sequence encoding a multimeric serum lectin found in the blood of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  73. Ryyn nen H, Primmer C. Distribution of genetic variation in the growth hormone 1 gene in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations from Europe and North America. Mol Ecol. 2004;13:3857-69 pubmed publisher
    The level and hierarchical distribution of genetic variation in complete sequences of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) growth hormone (GH1) gene were investigated in populations from Europe and North America with a view to inferring the ..
  74. Zheng X, Tocher D, Dickson C, Bell J, Teale A. Highly unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in vertebrates: new insights with the cloning and characterization of a delta6 desaturase of Atlantic salmon. Lipids. 2005;40:13-24 pubmed
    ..of HUFA involves enzyme-mediated desaturation, and a delta5 fatty acyl desaturase cDNA has been cloned from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and functionally characterized previously...
  75. Morrison R, Cooper G, Koop B, Rise M, Bridle A, Adams M, et al. Transcriptome profiling the gills of amoebic gill disease (AGD)-affected Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): a role for tumor suppressor p53 in AGD pathogenesis?. Physiol Genomics. 2006;26:15-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, the gill tissue transcriptome response of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) to AGD is described. Tanks housing Atlantic salmon were inoculated with Neoparamoeba spp...
  76. Miller K, Li S, Ming T, Kaukinen K, Schulze A. The salmonid MHC class I: more ancient loci uncovered. Immunogenetics. 2006;58:571-89 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesize that these additional loci are in varying states of degradation to class Ib genes...
  77. Jordal A, Hordvik I, Pelsers M, Bernlohr D, Torstensen B. FABP3 and FABP10 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)--general effects of dietary fatty acid composition and life cycle variations. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2006;145:147-58 pubmed publisher
    ..thoroughly studied as intracellular fatty acid transporters in vertebrates, but no data have been reported in Atlantic salmon. In the present study, comparative characterizations were performed, and dietary influence of plant oil ..
  78. Vanya Ewart K, Williams J, Richards R, Gallant J, Melville K, Douglas S. The early response of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) macrophages exposed in vitro to Aeromonas salmonicida cultured in broth and in fish. Dev Comp Immunol. 2008;32:380-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Macrophage-enriched cell preparations from head kidney of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were infected in vitro in 96-well microtitre dishes and changes in gene expression during the ..
  79. Benedet S, Bj rnsson B, Taranger G, Andersson E. Cloning of somatolactin alpha, beta forms and the somatolactin receptor in Atlantic salmon: seasonal expression profile in pituitary and ovary of maturing female broodstock. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2008;6:42 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to clarify the role of Sl in the sexual maturation of female Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), the full length cDNAs of slr, Sl alpha and Sl beta were cloned and their expression was ..
  80. Sundvold H, Ruyter B, Ostbye T, Moen T. Identification of a novel allele of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) and its association with resistance to Aeromonas salmonicida in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2010;28:394-400 pubmed publisher
    Bacterial and viral diseases are major problems in Atlantic salmon aquaculture, but may be challenged through selection of brood stock with enhanced survival to diseases...
  81. Rønnestad I, Nilsen T, Murashita K, Angotzi A, Gamst Moen A, Stefansson S, et al. Leptin and leptin receptor genes in Atlantic salmon: Cloning, phylogeny, tissue distribution and expression correlated to long-term feeding status. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2010;168:55-70 pubmed publisher
    ..complete coding sequences for two paralogues for leptin (sLepA1 and sLepA2) and leptin receptor (sLepR) in Atlantic salmon. The deduced 171-amino acid (aa) sequence of sLepA1 and 175 aa sequence for sLepA2 shows 71...
  82. Bridle A, Nosworthy E, Polinski M, Nowak B. Evidence of an antimicrobial-immunomodulatory role of Atlantic salmon cathelicidins during infection with Yersinia ruckeri. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e23417 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study we showed that Atlantic salmon cathelicidin 1 and 2 (asCATH1 and asCATH2) stimulated peripheral blood leukocytes increasing the ..
  83. Iliev D, Sobhkhez M, Fremmerlid K, J rgensen J. MyD88 interacts with interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3 and IRF7 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): transgenic SsMyD88 modulates the IRF-induced type I interferon response and accumulates in aggresomes. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:42715-24 pubmed publisher
  84. Sagstad A, Grotmol S, Kryvi H, Kross y C, Totland G, Malde K, et al. Identification of vimentin- and elastin-like transcripts specifically expressed in developing notochord of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Cell Tissue Res. 2011;346:191-202 pubmed publisher
    ..The expression of identified transcripts provides further insight into processes taking place in the developing notochord, prior to and during the early mineralization period...
  85. Pe aloza C, Hamilton A, Guy D, Bishop S, Houston R. A SNP in the 5' flanking region of the myostatin-1b gene is associated with harvest traits in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BMC Genet. 2013;14:112 pubmed publisher
    ..current study, the MSTN-1b gene was re-sequenced and screened for SNP markers in a commercial population of Atlantic salmon. After genotyping 4,800 progeny for the discovered SNPs, we investigated their association with eight harvest ..
  86. Hordvik I, Grimholt U, Fosse V, Lie O, Endresen C. Cloning and sequence analysis of cDNAs encoding the MHC class II beta chain in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Immunogenetics. 1993;37:437-41 pubmed
    b>Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) cDNAs encoding the major histocompatibility complex (Mhc-Sasa) class II beta chain were isolated from a leucocyte library by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) approach...
  87. Yadetie F, Male R. Effects of 4-nonylphenol on gene expression of pituitary hormones in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquat Toxicol. 2002;58:113-29 pubmed
    ..the pituitary specific transcription factor (Pit-1) were investigated in individual male and female juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), 3 days after a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection...
  88. Bakke McKellep A, Fr ystad M, Lilleeng E, Dapra F, Refstie S, Krogdahl A, et al. Response to soy: T-cell-like reactivity in the intestine of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. J Fish Dis. 2007;30:13-25 pubmed publisher
    ..However, tools for immunohistochemical detection of T cells have been lacking in teleosts, including Atlantic salmon. Application of a specific histochemical protocol allowed demonstration of T-cell-like reactivities in ..
  89. Larsen H, Austb L, K nig M, S rum H, Rimstad E, Koppang E. Transcription of the tyrosinase gene family in an Atlantic salmon leukocyte cell line (SHK-1) is influenced by temperature, but not by virus infection or bacterin stimulation. Dev Comp Immunol. 2013;41:50-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A pigment-producing leukocyte-like cell-line (SHK-1 cells) of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L...
  90. Andersen O, Eijsink V, Thomassen M. Multiple variants of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma are expressed in the liver of atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Gene. 2000;255:411-8 pubmed
    ..The Atlantic salmon PPARgamma cDNA of 2528 nucleotides (nt) was amplified from liver mRNA by reverse transcription (RT)-..
  91. Soanes K, Figuereido K, Richards R, Mattatall N, Ewart K. Sequence and expression of C-type lectin receptors in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Immunogenetics. 2004;56:572-84 pubmed publisher
    ..reports on sequence and expression analysis of three paralogous group II C-type lectins from the teleost fish Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  92. Robertsen B. The interferon system of teleost fish. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2006;20:172-91 pubmed structural and functional properties similar to mammalian type I IFNs, have recently been cloned from Atlantic salmon, channel catfish, pufferfish, and zebrafish. Teleost fish appear to have at least two type I IFN genes...